Newspaper Page Text
,7, ' '
' il!tdi,. 3n' Full h The State si? EPUBLIOAN. VOLUME XIX. TT?T717"rj"r0"Vr nwr irTonATT-nT iV 4E tURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1890. NUMBER 1. if H GEO. A. McFADDBN 8 .lEEEI 'TESHOE 5 c BOG WE lead! LET OTHERS FOLLOW! WE OAHRY A FULL LINE OP .MEW That Cannot bo Surpassed in Style, QunJity nntl Finish. OUtt LINE OF LADIES' Are the best on the market for the money. Every pair guaranteed to givo satisfactic WE ALSO CARRY A LARGE ASSOimiUN'T (W TtlF. 3 9 School ."FULL Shuo, Tho LINK OF Best nml Mo3t Comtortnblo Mmlo for Children, COTS FOR LADIES LATEST STYLE LOW AND C11ILDI1KN. 1-214 EAST HIGH ST. GEO. A. McFADDEN. HUNIIY J. DULLic, ' President. BEKNAKD DULLE Vice-President. J. W. KCUULTE bCCfctnry & Treasurer. CAPITAL STAR AND VICTORIA ROLLER MILLS! a to c. H 5 o IFLOTJB. MFAL AND MILL FEED G. H, DULLE MILLING CO, WEST ZMZ-A.I2ST STREET. C. A. WARE'S NEW LIVERY STABLE S LARGE QUANTITIES OF Carriages,SurrejS,BiiODies,Road Carts FOR SALE AT MANUFACTUKERS' PRICES. Second-Hand Rigs Nought and Sold. Mules and Horses Bought and Sold. b-cit and FnMt L,very n,R9 (i 10 sut0 EAST MAIN STREET. first -Gloss Livery fts Double or Sincls, for City or Country or for Commercial Travelers, at the Best Rates given in Central Missouri. Horses Boarded b) the Pay. WecK or pnontn at Reasonable Rates. ' pall or address J, T, VELLS & CO; Epitome of the Week." INTERESTING NEWS COMPILATION. CONGRESSIONAL. In tho Senate on the 16th Sai'ndcrs ana Powers (Heps.) were seated as Senators from Montana. House bills were passed for publlo buildings at Oalcsburg, III., Ashland, Wis., and Grand Itaplds, Mich,, ..In tho House tho McKlnley tariff bill was reported and referred. As Anally agreed upon the bill places bides and sugar on the free list and provides tor the pay ment of a bounty of two cents a pound on domestic sugars. The total reduction1 of rev enues was estimated at t;i,SfV4,BI4.- In tho con tested election cases of Pbsey vs. I'arrett from the First Indiana district and Dowcn ,vs. Iluchanan from tho Ninth district of Virginia, Messrs. I'arrett and Iluchanan (Dems.) were Declared elected. Tho military academy biI proprlatlon bill was passed. A hill retiring John 0. Fremont as a Major General of the United States army was passed In the Senate on the 17th. A joint resolution for the appointment of thirty medical ozamm ers'fer the bureau cf pension without icfcr neotothe clvll-servlce law was discussed.,.. In tho House, after tho reading of the Journal, a motion to adjourn as a tribute of respect to tho memory of Samuel J. liandall, whose funer al occurred at 10 a. m., was adopted. HILLS wero Introduced In tho Senate on the Uth providing for a monument to Commodore l'crry at PuMn-Day, 0., and for the admission of Now Mexico as a State of tho Union. It was decided to consider tho world's fair bill on the Vlst,... In the House tho river and harbor bill (t,000,000) was reported. A hill to erect & public building in every town In tho United States In which tho postal receipts exceed 13, too a year was favorably reported. At the evening session fifty private pension bills were considered. Til bill appropriating 1100,000 for an eques trian statue In Washington to Ceneral Grant and the anti trust bill were reported favorably to the Scnato on the 18th.... In tho House tributes of respect to the memory of S. S. Cox, of N'cw Yorlt, were paid. Tho anti trust bill was favorably reported. The world's fair bill was passed In tho Sen eje on the 21st with an amendment providing for It naval review at the harbor of New Yorlt, by a voto of 43 to 13. Dills wcro introduced to repeal all laws for tho retirement of army and Navy officers from active service with pay; to per petuate tho National banking system, and pro vldlng for tho depositing of funds of tho United btatra in National banks instead of treasuries. .... In the House a bill was passed providing that soldiers who lost their limbs during the late war shall bo entitled to now artificial limbs every three years. Tho conference report on tho bill to provldo n temporary government for tho Ter ritory of Oklahoma was adopted. DOMESTIC. MAiitix FuTlillLL (colored) was hangod on tho Kith at Hornando, Miss., for tho ruurJor of his wife N r.ws rcachrd Minneapolis on the 10th of tho death of Kugeno M. Wilson, of that city, at Nassau, Bahama Isl ands, April 10. Mr. Wilson was a mom her of Congress In 18t38. I.v tho prison at Montpollor, Vt, on tho 17th .lames S. Caswell, a llfo con vict, married Mrs. Laura Gould, widow of the man ho Inurdored. Kxth.vsivi: forost Arcs wero raging on tho 17th on tho mountains north of Pino Grovo, I'a., and hundreds of acres of itw.Vx.wnrnietnir destroyed. Sharon, la., was burned on tho 17th, and sixteen valuable horses wero cremated. Tin: Dutch vlllago tbrco miles Bouth ot Tort KoDubllc, N. J., was ontlroly de stroyed by flro on tho 17th. TliK Masonic commlttoo ot tho dedi cation of tho (Jardold momorlal at Cloveland, O., on tho 17th extonded an Invitation to all Masonlo bodlos to par ticipate in tho ceromonles May 30 noxt TimiTV-OKK young preachers wero graduated on tho 17th at the twenty- third annual commencomont of tuo ll.tptlst Uulon Theological Somlnary at Morgan Park, 111. William Tnonsi:, a frultacaler, com mitted sulcldo on tho 17th at Albany, Jf. Y., by jumping from tho Senate Htaireaso In r.ho Capitol to tho floor bo low, a dlstanco ot sovonty feot 1'UANris Muuriiv, tho temperance vangellst, said at Croston, la., on tho 17th that slnco ho commenced his cam paign In Iowa last winter over 20,000 ncrsons hail signed tho pledge I.oims 1- iiA.NKK la, huk mcrcnanis ot Now York, failed on tho 17th for uoo.ooo. Tim: report that Oscar Keobo and Sam uel I'lvlden, tho Chicago Anarchists, wcro treated with great cruelty by tho prison guards at Jollot, was denied by tho prisoners on tho 17th. Tiikhd wero 214 business failuros in the Unltod States during tho sovon days ended on tho ISth, o'jalnst 20'J tho previous sovon days, 'i'ho total of fail uros In tho Unltod States from January 1 to dato Is 3,6111, against 4,004 In 1889. Tub wlfo and two chlldron of Z. L. Tells (colored) at Korlamont, Mich., wero burned to doath In their homo on thn 18th. i pimiT was reported on tho 18th be tween outlaws and a dotachrnont of Statu troops sovonteon miles oast of Harlan Court-House, Ky. Tho soldlors were llrcd on from ambush and flvo of them wounded. At Vandalia, 111,, a family named Orupp ate poisoned swootmoats on tho 18th, and tho father, mother andono Eon wero not expected to live. Mus. KKMiTEit. of Mlsbawaka, Ind., whllo embracing her slstor on tho 18th who had lust arrived from Gormany fell dead from heart failure Ur.roiir.s ot tho 18th from tho flooded districts in tho South woro that tho Mississippi was slowly but steadily falling. Jami:s I)i:nms, who died at Wayno town, InU., on tho 18th, confessed bo foro his doath that ho was tho murderer of Mr. und Mrs. II. It. MoMullln, for which act John F. CofToo was hangod in 18SS. Cii.mii.iss McGowan and wlfo woro fatally burned on tho 18th at Elbrldge, N. Y., by tho dropping of a lamp, which set flro to tholr clothing. Urn Ei.si:v (colored) was hangod on tho 18th at lllrmlngham, Ala., for kill ing J. W. Moadows, a railroad con tractor, last January. Ho had murdorod four otlior persons at various stages ot his careor. Ui'ON ordors from Washington tho landing of Immigrants was stopped on tho 18th at Castle Gardon, Now York. Dobarkation would in tho futuro bo mado at tho bargo olllco. Twkntv-one imported broooding mares on tho farm of N. I'. Clark at Ilrockway, Minn., woro burned in their barn on tho 18th. Loss, 525,000. Mus. John Ci.aiik and her dnughtei Ida, ngod 1 years, wero poisoned on the ISth at Canton, O., by eating raw green! which tlioy were fathering tor dinner, Htro-glycerlno Mh at Cygnot, wn hundreds bt thorn but a (Jthtnjr. Tho V; (.Bald to have Ifarm of C. 11. 'Aurora, 111, 610th that 10, labama would Miily l. red lad of In 'from thro (predicted cy an over tho a waoo.v loaa ol shells exploded on thi u., and two men wore of yards and nothinir'll fow strings ot thelri horses wcro also killed Ooi.ii was on the n been discovered on thf I-'ishor, ton mtlos south It was reported on tl 000 eolorod nconld front! settle in Oklahoma bofot WiU.ik IlvsaKM. a dlatiapolls, on awakonl; days' tranro on tho-Ii clones and dlro dlsas.1 uuiiLi v. - rj tcr Tun exchanges at tnSUoadlng clear ing-houses In tho UnIIO;-Htates during tho week ended on thiflWth aggrogatod El, HI, 140,000, agalnstnW09,fil7,830,tho previous weok. As cwBrod with tho corresponding weok otW9 tho lncroaso "amounted to n.& Nkaulv tho ontlro vlllago of St. Elmo, Col., was destroyed by flro on tho 10th. A FimnsT flro on tho 10th near Egg Harbor City, N. J., caused a Hss ot 8100, 000. Ik a shaft near La Salle, 111,, Jacob Williamson, John Eustico and Nolson Akcrson, threo coal minors, were ottfTo bated on tho 20th. by gas, 11 v tho falling of a brldgo on' tho 20th at Springfield, O., fifty persons were Injured, flvo probably fatally. Stkvk Jacous (colored) was lynched by a mob on tho 20th near Fayottovllle, Tcnn., for incendiarism. Tin: 115th anniversary of thobattlo of Loxlngton was colobratcdat Lexington, Mass., on tho 10th. Tun stables of Contractor Clark in Brooklyn, N. Y,, were burned on tho 20th, and nearly one hundred horses and mules perished. At I'igeon Creek, W. Va., on tho 10th: Smith Italsden, John lialsden and Will iam Balsden, threo brothors and noted desporadoos, wero killed whllo resist ing arrest Tin: two ehildron of Andrew Young, a farmer living near l'consvlllo, Pa., wero burned to doath In tholr homo on tho 10th. Tin: soason of tho National Base-Hall Lcaguo and tho Player's Hase-Ball Lcnguo opened on the 10th. A i-or.TioM of Genova County, Ala., was visited by a tornado on tho 10th, and houses barns and fences wero torn to pieces and nine persons wero fatally injured. Tin: Pan-American conforenco at Washington ended at noon on tho 10th. Iieforo tho final adjournment Soerotary Maine, who had presided over its de liberations, addressed tho dologates, congratulating them upon tho work ac complished by tho conferonco. The world's fair directors in Chicago on tho 10th concluded to lncroaso tho capital stock of tho corporation to S10,- Mook, painters, pleaded guf . . . 21st to ombezzling 8115,000 of tire TffitfS funds. Tin: indictments lor complicity In tho Cronln murder In Chicago on which Frank Woodruff, alias "tho Confessor," had boon in jail for eleven months.wero quashod on tho 21st, also tho indlctraont against John Kunzo. Tin: llttlo town of Harrodsburg, Ky., was almost completely wiped out by flro on tho 21st. At tho Southwestern tolcgraph tour nomont at Now Orleans on the 21st W. S. llrowor won tho first prizo In tho Bonding contost, his record being 211 words In Uvo mlnutos. Hv tho breaking ot a lovco on tho 21st tho city of Hayou Sara, La., was flooded to a denth of from two to soven foot The tour of tho Pan - Americans through tho South was abandoned on tho 21st Ilti.NHiti'.iM of cattlo In New Mexico wcro dying for want of water on tho 21st, and tho loss would bo enormous unless ralu camo soon. Foil tho third tlmo in threo years tho j Imsinoss portion of Knlghtsvlllo, Ind., I was burned on tho 31st I V. li WiiAVEtt started from Now Haven. Conn., on tho 21st tor a trip by blcyclo'to San Francisco which was ox- pected to occupy 200 days. Kixic-miNTEits have so mutilated tho Lincoln monument at SDrlngflold, 111., thatitwasdocldcdontho21st to orcct a largo Iron fence around It. At Galesburg, 111., tho houso of G. L. Arnold was cntorod by burglars on tho 21st and a pockotbook containing 82,200 was stolen. The visible supply'of wheat and corn In tho United States on the 21st was, ro spoctlvoly, 21,513,272 and 17,835,508 bushols. The King A Hamilton Company's largo wagon and farm implomcnt works at Ottawa, 111., valued at 5100,000, wero burned on tho 31st PERSONAL AND POLITICAL. COMMODOltK" 1.6U18 SCHWAHTZ, who was said to havo introduced lager boor Into this country, dlod at Ellzaboth, N. J., on tho 10th. aired 80 yoars. At tho Republican btato convention in Portland, Oto., on tho 10th ltingor Hermann was renominated for Con gressman at largo and D. A. Thompson, of Portland, was namod for Governor. The Massachusetts Houso of Repre sentatives on tho 17th rejected by a voto of 117 to 40 tho bill to glvo municipal s'lllraeo to women, Ex-Phesiuent Hayes and his daugh ter Fannlo sailed from Now York on tho 17th for Bermuda. The funoral ceremonies over tho re mains of tho late Representative Ran dall took placo from tho Metropolitan Presbyterian Church at Washington on tho 17th, and on tho conolushm of tho sorvlcos tho romatns woro taxon to run adeluhla for Interment The Tonnesseo Prohibitionists will moot in State convention at Nashvtllo Juno 4. At Shoals. Ind., a Democratic convon tlon on tho 18th nomlnatod John F. Hrltz for Congress from tho Second dis trict on tho 387th Ballot The Oroiron Domocrats In Stato con vention on tho 18th at Indepondonco nominated for Congressmen N. L. llut- lor and Gooriro Myers. Ex-Go vi:uNo W, W, Hoppin dlod at Trovidonco, 1L I-, on-the 10th, aged 83 years.. Hn was Governor from 1854. to 1S50, Ex-GovEii.voii James Pollock dljid at Lockhavon, Pa on tho lllth, nged$0 yoars. Ho was a member of tho Twen tieth, Twontynlnth and Thirtieth Con gresses, and Govornor of Pennsylvania in 1854. Majoii Ja.mes II. Moore died at his homo in Chicago on tho 10th from Inju ries recolvod In a collision botweon his rig and a cab. Ho was the oldest lottor carrier In tho city, having been on tho forco twonty-throo years. Johx E. Cowen, said to bo tho oldoBt Odd-Follow In tho country, died on tho 21st at Amcsbury,- Mass., aged 82 years. Ho joined tho ordor in Philadelphia in 1631. Captain William L. Couch, leador ot tho Oklahoma boomers, died on tho 21st at Guthrie, Ind. T., from tho offocts of a rlflo wound infllotod April 4 by J. C. Adams. Santiago Gonzales, a rosldont ot New Moxico for sovonty-flve year?, dlod on tho 21st at his ranch on tho Rod rlvor In tho 100th year of his ago. FOREIGN. The publlo debt of Franco was on,tho 10th estimated at 80,200,000,000, making ittho heaviest of any countryin Europe. In tho ruins of a houso of a woman named Skohlskl, which was dostroyed by flro on tho 17th at Varsovla, Costa Rica, tho pollco discovered moro than sixty corpses, forty of infants and tho others of young girls from 12 to 15 yoars of age. The Imperial palaco at Oramonbaum, near St Petersburg, was burned on tho 17th, and seven servants lost their lives in tho flames. At Moscow, Russia, tho bodies of tho widow of an army ofllcor and her flvo daughters were found In their houso on tho 17th. They had committed sulcldo rather than endure their poverty. In the British Houso of Commons on the 17th Chancellor Goschon said the rovenuo from alcoholic beverages tho past year was over $20,000,000, and tho figures showed a unlvorsal rush to tho beor barrel, tho spirit bottlo and tho wlno docantcr. Ovi:u 20,000 cases of lagrlppo wero ro portcd on tho 17th In Valparaiso. The British stoamor Euclid was sunk on tho 17th in a collision with tho steamer Altyre noar Hartlopool, and tho Euclid's captain and threo of hor sailors woro drowned. An Incendiary flro on tho 18th do stroyed 130 houses at Nou-landec, In Austria. The schooner Annie May was lost on tho 18th at Codroy, Can., and tho cap tain and three men woro drowned. Tin: Oahomeyan army, with tho King at its head, arrived near Porto Novo on tho 18th. On tho march tho Dahomoy ans burned eight villages. A coal vessol bound from Shiolds for London foundered at sea on tho 19th and olovon of tho crow woro drowned. Advices of tho g$e -dutui" 'iHTShropshlro canal sheds at Liver pool woro burned on tho 19th. Loss, 8150,000. Advices of tho 10th from Japan say that flames had destroyed 300 houses at Aomarl, 500 at Noshlro and 300 at Mim uro. Focit French soldiers wore recently captured by tho Dahomlans and bohoad od. Tho French retaliated on tho 21st by beheading flvo fomalo warriors of tha King of Dahomoy. Tin: British stoamor Bllboa was lost on tho 21st in tho North soa and flfteon o! her crow woro drownod. In a speech on divorce on tho 21st in tho Houso of Commons at Ottawa, Ont, Premier Macdonald characterized tho United States system as ono of tho groatost social abuses of the day. CAMP-FIRE STORIES. LEE'S APPLE TREE. LATEST NEWS. In tho Senato, on tho22d, tho District of Columbia Appropriation bill was passed. The Houso amendment to tho Zoological Park bill requiring half tho oxponsos to bo borno by the District of Columbia was agreed to and tho bill was Dassod In tho nouso tho Sen ato amendments to tho World's Fair bill was agrood to. Tho House thon wont into commlttoo of tho whole on tho Legislative, Exocutlvo and Judicial ADDrorrlation bill, whloh was mado tho subjoot of a long dobato, during which tho President s administration oi me Ciyll-Sorvlco law was criticised and warmly dofondod. Ponding a motion to striko out tho appropriation of 821, 780 for clorks for Sonators tho Houso adjourned. A lahoe numbor of men wero im prisoned In the Rock Springs Coal mlno No. 4, at Choyonno, Wyo., on tho 22d. Volunteer rescuing partlos woro driven back by successive explosions, all moro or loss injurod. Whon tno worx oi rus cuo was finally abandonod thirty men, all supposod to bo dead, woro left at tho bottom of tho burning pit SueiuUN 77. Kniuut, a country school teacher, obtained 81,000 at a bank in Tiflln, 0 on tho 22d, on a noto purport ing to bo signed by his father, a woaitny farmer. Tho gonulnonoss of tho note is qu?stlonod, tho young man having dis appeared. Ho had borno a goodcharao- tor. . Tim railroads of the country recelvo twonty-ono million dollars a year for carrying Uncle Sam's mall-bags. EX-MAYOK iiLl UOLI1Y, OI 1' lKJlluurif, Mass., went out, on tho 21st, for tho first tlmo after a long illnoss. His dead body was afterward found noar tho bank of the rosorvolr. Ills Illness was an af fection of the brain. Hion Russian authorities view with unreserved disapproval tho proposed presentation to tho Czar of remon strances from Amorlca and England against eruoltlos In Slboria. The lovoo at Bayou Sara, ba., gavo wav. on tho 22d. and groat loss of lifo was threatened. Governor Nichols, be ing appealed to, promptly sont a stoamor and barges for tho roscuo of tho lmporllod pooplo. Ho also appoalod for National old in view of tho disaster. The Post-ofllco Appropriation bill was flnlshod by tho Houso commlttoo on post-ofllcos and post roads, on tho 22d. It carries an anoroprlatlon of 872,150,- 932, being $5,815,668 moro than tho ap propriation for tho ourronc nsoai year. The lottor-oarrler system of tho coun try will cost tho Post-ofllco Departmenl ,111 J.U... Ihla ,Taa, ' Only One Northerner Secured a Oenulno Appomattox Relic. A rocont article in tho Atlanta Consti tution said all tho published statements that nuWrous persons In tho North bad rollcs from tho famous Appomattox np plo tree, wercabsolutoly false. Itstatcd, upon tho authority of Confedorato Gen orals who woro present at tho surrender ofGonoral Leo, that only ono man con nected with tho Union forco had over obtained any portion of that tree, and tiat ho had only a portion of tho root or trliak. It oxplalncd that tho whole troo had been cut to pieces by members of tho Confederate army before tho Union forcos camo upon tho ground, and that tho maslor of transportation ot tho Union army, who, at General Lee's requost, supplied the Confedorato army with rations was only ablo to sccuro tho last remaining portion of tho trco and that it was forty-olght hours after ho appeared bnforo any other member of the Union forces had access to tho Hold. Tho artlclo also added that tho solo pos sessor of a picco of this historical tree north of Mason and Dixon's lino was Colonel Bates now of Philadelphia. Tho writer ascertained that tho per son referred to was George II. Bates, at present proprietor of the Orlont.il Hotel In Market streot in this city, who was at tho tlmo of tho surrender of Leo's army master of transportation ot tho army ot tho Potomac. .Mr. Bates, when questioned upon tho subject yesterday, gavo his statement of tho matter as fol lows: "Yes, sir. Tho statement Is correct, and I am tho man referred to. When I havo heard and read accounts of persons having canes and othr-r articles mado from that famous trco I havo been amused, because I know that I am tho only man north of Mason and Dix on's lino who ever obtained n rello from that troo. This is what occurred on that memorable April day when Leo surrendered. I was master of transpor tation in tho army ot tho Potomac. Im mediately upon General Grant's return after his meeting with General Lee, who had surrendered, In compliance with General Leo'B request to havo food sent to his starving troops, I received orders to prepare a train ot wagons with rations and to tako them beyond our lines under tho flag of truco into tho enemy's lines and report to General Leo. "A speedily gathored nlneteon wagon loads ot rations passed through our lines and passed along tho road near tho fa mous tree under which Leo had walled for General Grant I Inquired for the Confederate General's headquarters and was answered two or threo times by be brlel t'l'mo was"spdhi u'lL-asan;. )'inW somo primo applejack was produced., of which wo all took a nip. Thon I asked somo Confederates standing around to unload tho wagons, but they rotused being Southrons, who esteemed manual labor evidently degrading, whereupon I ordered mv subordinates to dismount and unload, which they did grudgingly, as they doubtless thought it wo wero good enough to bring food to tho enemy, tho latter miirht at least bo willing to carry it away. "Woll, about 1:30 or flvo p. m. wo started with tho empty wagons back to our lines. On tho way 1 saw lonredor- ato soldiers hacking away at tho stump of tho treo which a few hours previous had sholtored General Leo from tho sun's rays. In reply to my inquiry tho relic-scokors said thoy wanted somenlrs to kooD of tho treo under which tlielv General had surrendered. Then thero was nothing loft but tho root. I Imme diately took a jack-knlfo and cut out niece, which I havo preserved to tho present time, and another piece which I handed to my carpenter, wbo carved out a ring with a heart on it, which I havo also kept I was given a pass by Gen eral Leo s Adjutant-General to go in unu out of tho lines at will. I havo also pre served that. Here It Is. Tho document was then shown the writer, signed by General Leo and coun tersigned, bearing dato April 0, lSOo. Mr. Bates continued lus story by say ing that on his next visit Into tho enemy's lines not tho slightest vestio of any portion of that trco, branch root, remained, anil witn tno exception of General Grant and his two stai ofllcors. Gonoral Rawlings and Colonel Leete. no Union officers or soldiers passed tho lines until forty-olght hours later. He therefore feels convinced that tho statement mado by tho houthom journal Is correct that only Confeder - ... . . - ,i .1. atos, with tno oxcopvion oi mmum, i"'- talnod any portion of that historical tree. Thero woro othor apple trcos at a dis tance, but stllr In tho vicinity oi tno placo ot surrender, which tho union relic-hunters specany iam unuur iuij- ute Mr. Bates showed tho writer tho pieces ho obtained tho root, which Is 3xt) Inches In dimensions, and tho ring with tho heart graven on it Philadelphia Tlmos. It" of soldiers had tho samo feeling ond passed through tho samo oxporioncos. At first Bull Run my brigade gained ground for sovoral hours. This, with a small loss of men, kept us encouraged. Indeed, It was hard for tho ofllcors to re strain us. Evory man was hopoful and determined, and any slnglo company would havo charged a regiment Tho panic had upset thousands boforo it touched us. Indeed, the rotrcat had been going on for two hours before wo got word. Wo wero well In hand and ready to advanco whon tho nows reached us. In flvo minutes every man was shaky. In ton minutes men whoso faces were powder-stained wero sneak ing out of tho ranks to gain tho rear. In a quarter ot an hour half a company ot Contoderates could havo driven tho wholo brlgado llko a flock of sheep. I saw mon cry llko children. I saw others tremble and sit down from weakness. Evory fresh report added to tho fooling ot terror, and by and by pride and dis cipline gavo way to a grand rush, and it was every man for himself. No one would stop to reason. No ono cared whether his comrade was ahead or bo hnd. This was called cowardice, but it was not It was panic tho terror of bat tle a sonselei-s but powerful something which soizes tho bravest men and makes children of them. In tho streets of Fredericksburg I saw Fedural soldiers dischargo their mus kets into tho air, when the enemy was within point-blank range I saw plenty ot them drop on their facos and tremble, groan and cry. This was a caso w hero ev ory man saw tho bopolossnoss ot attack. He felt that ho was pushed forward to bo shot down. Thero was no way for ro trcat until tho lines should fall back. On tho other band, thu Confedorato troops posted behind tho stonowall at tho foot ot Mayro's Hill joked and smoked and wcro in tho highest spirits. feeling themselves secure from bullets, and knowing thoy could beat back any forco. Ono ot them told mo that alter it.tklng a dead aim on thirteen dllterent men and dropping every ono of them be ofralned from firing tho next quarter ot an hour after sheer pity for tho hu man targets being shoted up to moot death. At Malvern Hill my regiment lay in tho dry bed of a creek at the foot of tho elevation. It was a natural rifle-pit and sholtered us so well that wo had only a slight loss in killed and wounded. As tho Confederates charged across tho Holds wo felt to pity them. Wo poured In our volleys without danger in return, and out of llvo Confederates who rushed into our lines In their bewilderment threo wcro crying and sobbing. It wasn't cowardlco but terror. No coward could havo been Induced to march across those meadows in tho taco ot that ter rific tiro from cannon and musketry. At Cold Harbor, after beating oil hLUl ICU-l-.. ...1.1 In mnst bad gained our rear. Two thousand men broke back like a lot of boys, somo nven throwiiis their guns away, and thu jeers of othor troops bad no efiect until tho frenzy hail nail tiuio to evaporate At Gettysburg my regiment had tho cover of a stonu wall, and wo knew that wo were well supported. Wo hoped lor a charge, and when It camo every man was cool and calm and confident. Ono band of prisoners numbering about thir ty, was led past us on tneir way to tuo rear, and I noticed that many woro cry ing and all wure whitof.iml. I havo seen tho best soldiers and the oldest fighters win their medals in onebatllo and show tho white feather In the noxt I saw a second lieutenant almost cry for the privilego ot leading a charge at An tletam, and yet at Chantilly ho fell into a ditch and pretended to bo hit so as to drop behind in tho charge. Cowards necr go to war. If they get into the ranks through tho draft they desert or commit suicide. It is only bravo men who taco tho grim monster on a field of battle, and next to tho foe his worst enemy is a terror which seizes him as a chill or fever might conio on, and there Is no remody for it except to got away from tho screaming missiles of death until one's nerve and band returns. De troit Free Press. THE TERROR OF BATTLE. tho Personal experiences Illustrating Iteallty of the Situation. During tho war wo used to road of companies falling back, regiments giv ing ground, and brlgados boeomlng de moralized, and tho averago reader took it for cowardlco and openly oxprossed his contempt No man ovor went into battle twice alike No company, regiment or brleado wero over situated twlco alike A man may bo very bravo in ono battle and vory timid in tho noxt His physical and mental conditions havo much to do with it A private soldier knows tho position of his entire brigado In a fleht If tho position is a strong ono he is oncouragodi If tho flanks are exDOsed or tho dofensos aro weak he Is nervous and annrohonslvo. It is a grand Btako tho soldier plays for in battle. If ho wins ho may llvo on until the noxt fight If ho losos ho imta a headstone in a National cemr torv. I can not mako you undorstam tho situation bottor than to glvo you personal experiences, Tho great aor RANDOM SHOTS. A post of tho Grand Army is soon to organize in Montreal, Canada. Tin: W. R. C, aro giving poverty par tlos. Apron sales aro also popular. Salt Lake City, Utah, has a Woman's Rolief Corps and a Grand Army post. CfsTEi! Post, No. 0, Leavenworth, ian., during the past year has built a Hue hall, HxSO feet, costing -V,,000. Tin: Grand Army ot tho Republic of Virginia has bought a tract of land com prising tho Cedar creeic (a.j natuu-ground. A ni.CHIC in ono oi tno uoparnni.-nu ui Washington has discovered tfiat soldlors in tho lato war woro killed in their first, third and fifth battles moro than in any other. L.vwiir.NCi: B.uiwr.TT, tho famous actor, is a comrade Ho commanded a company In tno uwoniy-cignui .uussa- chusetts. 110 cntorcu tuo servicu w comber 12, Ufll. Posts ot the G. A. R. aro being organ ized among tho colored voterans oi tno States of Louisiana and Mississippi. is said that thero aro fully 30,000 colored veterans residing In theso two States. TiiEitr. havo been flvo Lieutenant- Generals of tho United Mates army- Washington, Scott, Grant, Sherman and Shcridnni and threo Gonerals Grant, Sherman and Sheridan. Ai.iiEHT Newman, ono of tho somiera in tho sovon days' battle of tho Wlldor ness, whon tho dally allowanco of food was only two cracltors, died In Elmlfji recently of la grippe, aged fifty-one years. Ho was ono of tho Seventh Now Jersoy voluntcors during tho war. Tin: annual report ot tho Assistant Adjutant-General of tho Department ol Wisconsin shows tho prosont member ship of tho department to bo 13,987, a not gain during tho past yoar ot 1,001. Tho deaths for tho yoar aggregate 150. Twenty now posts havo been organized and mustered during tho yoar. Tho llnanclal condition is docldodly flatter ing. Tho receipts wcro $8,537.17; ox ponses, SdjIiSo.-tS; leaving, a balanco 9) .83,151.00. c