Newspaper Page Text
The State IRepublio an.
VOLUME XIX. JEFFERSON CITY, MISSOURI,?IURSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1890. NUMBER 51. J0HN A. LINHARDT, IDIHAXiEH IN Staple m Men Groceries n.i.iiiMiMrtiirriitiitiii.iiiiriiiB Glassware, Qucenswaio, Tea and Dinner Scls, Chamber Bets, Lthrary Lirapg, Toilet Articles, Tobacco, Cigars, Woodenwaro, Ice Chests, Refrigerat ors, Grass and Garden Seed, Oyt- ters, Fish and Gamo in Season. CasliPaid for all Kinds ol Gauntry Prota. ,230 EAST HIGH STREET. r DANIEL GUNDELFINGER, Tinware s(Merys3 ETO. The Most Complete Stock in Central Missouri of the Best and Cheapest Hardware, Tinware, Stoves, Cutlery, Etc. Exclusive agent for 85 The Celebrated Wire-Gauze Charter Oak Stovess AND QUICK MEAL GASOLINE STOVE. Door Frnmes, Window Frames, Wire Screen, Weatuer Strips, Spring Hinges, Bird Cages, Water Coolers, Etc., a (Specialty. Tin Hoofing Spmitlng and Jobbing of all kinds given prompt attention. JTo, 123 .FTXQOB: BTEBKX. QUERENT TOPICS. THE HEWS m BEIEF. ANTON i NATSOH Tho Very Lntcst and Best Stoves Manufactured, Fully Warranted. Call and seo them. Guttering', Light ning Rods, Novel ties, Etc., at the LoWest Prices and Warranted. WOOD, COAL, GAS, GASOLINE, -STOES.- aoaagaaaaaaaaaoaaaEiQaaa TINWARE & METAL ROOFING. C5"ALL REPAIRING NEATLY DONE.-g No. 403 West Main Stroet. Opposito Gas Works. HENBr J. DULLE, BERNARD DULLE, J. W. SCIIOLTE, President. Vice-President. Secretary & Treasurer. CAPITAL STAR AND VICTORIA ROLLER MILL8. a a o. S c 3 to a m p. 3 e a fc ? c a a g 3 5 a. J O o FLOUR MFAXi AND MILL FEED G. H. DULLE MILLING CO. west rMZAinsr stejejt. f iist - Gltiss Liveru Sins! PRESIDENT'S! MESSAGE. Double or Singls, for City or Country, or for Commercial Travelers, at the est Rates given In Central Missouri. Horses Doaided b) tht Pay i Wk or Month at Reasonable Rates. FIFTY-FIRST CONGRESS. Tim sc-coml aoaslonof tho FlftyflratCon Kress aascmlik-tl on tho 1st In thuBtmuto tlm critlcntliila ut Senators-elect Carry and Vfnrren, ot Wyoming, wore read and the oath administered. On tho draw Mr. Warren aecurcil the abort term and Mr. Carey tho long. Thu usual committee was appoint, ed to wait upon tho ITealdent, In con junction with n Ilka committee from the House, and Inform him that Con Kress waa In session, and at 1.30 p. lu, tho rrcgtdi-nt'B tnessugu was received and read In tho llousu the. Speaker laid beforo that body the credentials ot imvld A. Har vey, as Dclcgato from Oklahoma, and the oath was administered to him. At 1:811 p.m. tho President's message was received and read, and, after tho reutflng tho llouso ad journed. PERSONAL AND GENERAL. ' Tub steamship Btandara arrlvetMn New York, on tho 29tli, with tho cap tiiln and crow ot tho llrltlsli bark Claudlno on board, who woro roscuoil In mid-ocean from tliolr disabled vossol nine days before. Tun scboonor Francli E. Ilallock, which loft Now York, on tho 2Ulli, for Virginia, was run down by tho four masted collier Clarenco II. Vornor In nearly tho sanio spot wlicro tho Spanish steamship Vlzeaya was mnlc. Tho Ilallock was c.iptized, and hor captain, named Itandolph, was drowned. Flvo other tnon aboard tho Ilallock woro rescued by tho colllor. Two squaw men living on itad river, In -outli, Dakota, woro lynched by a viltilanco committoo a few days aco. I'attlo-stoallnjj bits boon Rolnj; on, and jnvostlRalioti pointed to tho squaw men as tho Rullty parties. Tho vljrllanco colnmlttpo has boon carrying matters with a high band for tomo time and thoro Is considerable oxcltomont. I'omt of a cans of highwaymen, who liavo waylaid and robbed foot passen gers along tho road of the Haltlmoro and Ohio and hold up a numbor of train men, woro captured on tho 1st, Tho robbers bad headquarters on a small Island In tho Monoeacy river vory near 1'redorlek Junction, from which thov could not bo dislodged. Although youthful, tho robbor aro a dosporato lot ami fought Ilko fiends beforo they were taken Tin; tint legal quadruplo execution In Montana will tako place Decern lior 11). Tho men who will pay tho penalty of tholr crimes aro Indians, members ot tho I'lathoad Irlbo, In Missoula County, and tho uunUhment muted out to them Is foil by all tho pooplo ot tho Stato to bo just. Tho Indlars to bo banged aro Lata .Sop, I'Ipitc I'.ttil, Antloy and I'as- cllc. Tho Indians woro convicted of murdering and robbing prospector!. 'I'll i: I :i: Is uo abatoment of tho small pox epldombj in tho towns along tho xUio..Uiando ;borcleroii tl)o Mexican sine, ana vigorous anu succossiui quar autlno methods liavo boon adopted to prevent tho disease from spreading tc tho Texas siilo. Thoro aro a fow Iso late", cases al Yoakum and Uvaldo.Tox. Tiik Spanl-h (lovcrnmonthas ordered tho erection ot a n-w and llrst-class llght-hou-io at (!apo Villano in order to prevent tho frequent wrecks that occur oil that coast Tho present light Is of an Inferior elasi, and tho loss of II. M. S. Serpent H ascribed to tho dimness of tho beacon. Kmimsii physicians returning from Ilerllu speak In very favorablo terms of Dr. KToch'- discovery, so far as they h:ivo wlines-cd Its effects, but thoy ro grpt that their opportunities of obser vation worn 11 in I led. LATE NEWS ITEMS. Is tho Konato, on tho 2d, a resolution was adopted asking tl.o Secretary of War for information about tho stops taken to dl-arm Indians in Nebraska, South Dakota ami North Dakota; alsoa resolution instructing tho lorolgn rola Hons committoo to inquirn into tho ad vUabllity of autborlz.ng n cablo to I la wali. Soveral minor measuros were passed, and thou tho Sonato by a party vote, 41 to .10 took up tho Fodorul Election b 11. At tho conclusion ot tho reuding of tbo bill tho Sonato ad' journetL..,.In tho llouso tho bill refer ring tbo claim ot tho Chosapoako Fomalo College to tho Court of Claims was passed. Tho Copyright bill was called up, and, after a numbor of dilatory mo tions bad boen disposed of, tho provlous question was ordered lot) to 78 and tho llouso then adjourned. The National Farmers' Allianco and Industrial Union met at Ocala, Fla., on tho 2d, ulth a largo attendance. The proceedings woro oponed by tho road Ing of rresldent Folk's address, In which ho congratulates tbo Alllanoe on Its achievements ulnco the last mooting. and roviows tbo causes of agricultural dcpro-slon, wbloti he deolaros Is an unomaly to tbo studont ot industrial progross. Tiik lndlctmont against Mrs. Eva Hamilton, charging hor with con Bplracy, was recommondod for dismissal by tho district aitornoy ot Isow vorK on tho 2d. Ho claims that tbo cbargo could not bo provon now that Mr. Ham ilton is dead. Judgo Martino re fused to ontcrtaln tbo motion until bo bad ovldenco to show this Btato of facts. On tho tho 2d Martin Mergot, aged twonty-four, sufforing from consump tion, aro-o from the dinner-tablo at bis bomo in Fort Wayne, Ind., and saying bo would lio down for a fow moments, stoppod to an adjoining room, and blew out his brains with a rovolver. Aliuur four hundred passongorsof the French steamer La Champagne, wbo bad boon quarantined at North Pi oth er's Island for somo weeks owing to cases of small-pox among them, woro released, on tho 2d, all dangor of con tagion, having passod. ' Vi. Lvti.kion Lono, who is under lndlctmont la Now York for forgorios amounting to noarly 49,000, lias disap peared, lie was arrested and Indicted last May, and a month later was re leased by Judgo Fltigerald on bis own recognizance Two DILLS to provldo for the f roe coin ago of sllvor were Introduced In the Senate, on tbo 2d, one by Senator Tel. kr aod vJiyftW tr BooMer Wuwb. Opening of tho &9Ond Session of tho Fmy-FlMeOougross. s A? Presldxnt Ilorrlsnn Trn.niln seooud Annual Mosias;iHn Cnncn n, which Is RMU'ln llolli IJoUM. pvi Wahiiinoiok, DeOrt 1. Promptly at noon both houses -ot; Congress woro called to ordor, InfjUio presenco of largo and intercstodVrouds of specta tors. Numerous floril emblems deco rated thn dnskfl of favored Snnnlnra nnA Roprcsontatlvos, andlooro was a merry flow of badinage ovortho results of tho lato elections. s'-j- Tho preliminary buplncssbavlngbeon transacted, wbtcb ooAslstod in adminis tering tho oath to'atfew now Senators and members, thojjOBual committees were appointed to.'Vai' upon tho Presi dent and inform him tliat Congress Wa's In session and roady to rccolvo any communication he might bo pleasod to mako. At 1:30 p. m. Prlvato Secretary Hal ford appeared at the bar of tbo llouso and presented tbo President's annual message which was at' once read. A copy was also prosontcd In tho Senate. Tho messago Is as follows: TO THE SENATE ASH IlOCSB OF ItEI'nKSENTA. tives Tlio reports of the several executive departments, which n 111 belaid before Con BTees In the usual rmirve, will exhibit In da tail the operutluus of the tfovernment for the last ItHCal year. Only tbo more Impor tant incidents and results aiid ehlelly such as may be the fuutulutlon of the reeoiu mcndnllon I shall puhtnlt, will bo referred to In this annual message. The vast und Im reusing business of the uuveruijiuni mis oeeu irumtucieu oy mo sev eral departments during the year with faith fulness, energy unil success. The revenue, amounting to above Miiu.ooo.ooo, has been col lected and disbursed without reveallni;, so far us I can ascertain, a almrle casu of de falcation or eluliezlenieiit. An eiiriu-at etfort has been nmdiMo stimulate a sense of responsibility uiul public duty In ull ollleers and employes of every grade, and the work done by them has almost wholly escaped uu favorable criticism. 1 speak of these matters with freedom, bte.itisu the credit of tills f:ood work la not mine, but Is Hhuied by the leads of the several departments with tho great oouy or luitniui orucers anu emplnves who servu under them. The eloHest serutltiv of Cungreas Is Invited to all tliu methods if mo Auuiiuistraiion. anu to every item ot ex pendlture. FOHEKIN RELATIONS. Tho friendly relations of our country with me nations ut t;urone. aim or tnu i:.ist nave been undisturbed, v, lillu the ties of foud w 111 ami common interest that bind us to the states of tho Western Hemisphere havu been notablv strcnLrtlu-nt'd bv tbu conference held In this cupltaTto consider measures for the generui weii.iro, THE INTEUNATIOXAL MAUINE CONFERENCE. The International Marino Conference which met ut Washington last winter reached a verv urut fv nie result. Tho rcirti latlons suggesletl have been brought to the aiieniiou oi an mu Kovernmenis repri'sent cd. and their irem-ral adontlon Is cnnlldentlv expected. Tho h-gUiatlon of Conitress at the last session is In conformity with the firoposltlons ot the conference, and the proe amutlon therein tirovided for will be Issued when the other powers have given notlccof mtir uuatsion. THE URAZILIAN BErCIILIC, Toward tho end of tho past year the only Independent monarchical government on tho Western continent, mat of llrazil, ceased to exist and was succeeded by a republic. Dip lomutloTelUtlona-Tucrcrat once established with tho new Kojrcmment, but It was not completely recognized until un opportunity had been uffordvd to ascertain that It had popular approval und support. When the coursoof events. had vieluid ussuruuees of this fact, no tluio wus lost In extending the new government a iuu anu corui.u welcome Into the family oz American common wc.mli-, TUB KILLISU Or IHIIIIUMIIA. Tho killing of General liarruudla on board tbe 1'aciuo Mall Hteumer Aeanuleti. ubllu an cliured en transit In tbe port of tsan Jose do iHiuieiuaiu.ueuiunucu cueiui inquiry, iiav Ing fulled In u ruTotutiun.irv utteiimt to In vado Uauteiuula from .Mexican' terrltorv General Ilurrundla took passau at Aeaputeo rur I'unumu. xiie consent oi tue renicscni.i tives of tho United Mates was sought to effect his aelzure. first at I'li.iinprlco, whetc me steamer toueueu. anu nut rwarus at Dau Jobo. The euptaln of tin steamer refused to c vouDhls nassenger wit lout a written or the latter furnished tho desired letter, stipulating as the conditions of mi action, that ticnerul lt.imiud a's life- should be spared and tlmt lie should bo tried uuiy tor oiienses grow nig uiu oi ins insurrec tlonurv iiiovemeuts. 'llils letter was nro tluced to the captain of tlio Aeapulco by the luiiuury luuiuiunuur ui r.iu joso iih ins war rant to take tho oasseinrer fi om the steumer. tieneral Jiarrundla resisted capture and wus killed. It being cvliltiil Unit the Minister, Mr. Mlzner, had exoo tied tliu iKiunds of his authority In Intervening, In eompllancu with tliu demunds of tho (juatein.ilau authorities, to uuthorlze und effect, in violation of prece dent, tho solzura on a vessel of tho Cinited mates of a passenger In transit charged w ith fiolltlealofienses, in oriltr that hu might bu leld for such offenses under what was de scribed as martial law, I was constrained to disavow Mr, Mlzner'suet and recall him from his post. TUE NICARAGUA CANAL l'ROJECT. The Nicaragua canal project, under tho control ot our citizens, Is making tho most encouraging progress, all the preliminary conditions und Initial operations having been accomplished within tliu picscrlbed time. TUB CHILIAN CLAIMS. During the year negotiations liavo been re newed for the settlement of the claims of American citizens against the Oov eminent of Chill, principally grow Ing out of the Into warwlth Vera. Tho reports from our Minis tir ut Santiago wart am the expectation of un early und satisfactory adjustment. cm vi. Our relations with China, which have for soveral yeum occupied so Impoitant u place In our diplomatic, history, huvo called for curetul consideration und have been tho sub ject of much correspondence. Thocommunl cations of tliu Chinese .Minister have brought Into view tho wuolo subject of our conven tional relations with his country; and ut tho same time this Government, through Its lega tion at l'ckln, bus sought to arrange various mutters und complaints touching the inter ests und protections of our citizens In China. In pcrsuancouf the concurrent resolution of fiofi.t... I 1M1 I have nronosed to the tlov. crnuient of Mexico, and Great Britain, to consider a conventional regulation of the paBSIng OI unmese lauorers across our souvu cm and northern frontiers. SAUOAN AFFAIRS. Thn Rmnnnn trcutv.sltmcil last vear at Her. Un by tbo. representatives of tbe United tJtates, Geriuany and Grout llrltuln, after duo rutlUcatlon and exchange, baa begun to pro rimm milntarv effects. The formation of the Government agreed upon will soon replace the disorder oi mo past uy u siaoie uuuunis. nance ot methods of friendly negotiation, much tuny bu accomplished In the direction of an adjustment of pending questions and of the Increase of our trade. The extent and development of our trade with tho island of the iAvr. The construction and equlpmentof thenew shlr.s forthenavv liavo made verv aatlsfuc toiy progress. Kincn .March 4, lssii, nine new vessels have been put In commission, and Cuba Invest the commercial relations of tho during this winter four more, Including one United Ktales nnd Sp.rin with n peculiar Im- monitor, w ill be added. Tho construction ot portanee. It la not doubted that u special ar- the other vessels authorized Is being pushed, raiigement In regard to commerce, based both in the Government and private yaids, upon the reciprocity pi ovlslon of tho recent with energy, und watched with the most Tariff tut, would operate most bejielielally scrupulous cure, for both governments. This subject Is now ARMon riATES receiving auciilloii. I Tho experiments conducted during the THE C0MLt.AH service. ' year to tt st tho relative resisting pow cr of The legislation of the past few years has armor plates have been so valuable as to at- evinced on the part of Congress a growing tract great attention lu Kurope. The only realization of the importance of tho consular part of the work upon the new ships that Is service In fostering our commercial relations threatened bv unusual delay Is the armor abroad ami In protecting the domestic rev- plating, and every effort Is being made to re- cnucs. As the scope of operutlons expands, dueo that to tliu minimum. It Is a source Increased provision must bo inaile to keep up of congratulation that thn anticipated In- tho essential standard ot etllelenev. Tho tliieuce tit theso modem ves-els upon necessity of some adequate measure or super- the esprit du corps of tho ollleers and vision and Inspection luiB been so often pro- seamen has been fully realized. Con- seiueii mar i neeo only commeuu too suujcci nucnen and prion in me snip amung to your attention. , tho crew are equivalent to nsccondaryb.it FINANCIAL. I tery. lour lavoraoie consiucruiiou is in- Tho revenues of the Government from all Tiled to the recommendations of the fcecro- sources for the Ilsc.U year ending Juno 30, i rctary. 1KW. wsro f(f.1.lu.iiso.Kl. and the total ex pendltures for the same period wero t.l5S,01S, The postal receipts liavo not hereto mr oeeu inciuucti in mo statement of these aggregates, and for the pur. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR The report of tliu Keen tury of the Interior exhibits with great fullness und clearness the vast work of that department and the satisfactory results attained. The sugges- nose of eoinnarlson the sum of tro.KM2.o7.1ri tlons made bv him aru earnestlv cotninenile siiuuiu uo ueuueten trom oom nines ot tno to tnu consiucruiiou ot ufiiigre, iijoukm account. Tho surnlus for the vear. luclud Ing the amount Hpplled to the sinking fund, wus l(k'l,3lt,IU7.i)i. Tho receipts for lS'K) wero tis,u.io,;u.,i aim mo expenditures ia,i.rj, they can not all bo given particular mention hern. The several acta of Congress Jooklng to the ''.ii'i'MOU oi tin- latK1 1 !imii i.'ii-., 871 In excess of those tif lsw. Tho customs to the more rapid settlement of tho Indians receipts increaseii -,aalrw.-js, anu tne re- upon in'iiviuuai uiioiineuts unn tue rcmor.i- celpts from internal revenuo Jll,.vr,,l!)I.sy, lion to the public domain or lunils in excess while on the side of expenditures, that for tif their needs, have been largely carried Into pensions was $19,312,0"4.ya In excess of the eiieet ao far us the work was con preceding ear. J lined to the l.xccutlvo. Agreements have iM'i'ii coueiinieii niueu .iiuicu ,, ru. Involving the cession to tho United Mates ot about ll,7aii,l?) acres of land. THE rtllLIU DOMAIN. Tho policy outlined In my last annual mes sage in relation to tho patenting of lauds to settlets upon tht- public domain has been car ried out lit the administration of tbo Land Dfllee. No general siiwpk'lou nor Imputation of fraud has been allow ed to delay the hear ing and adjudication of Individual cases upon their merits. 1'ENStONS. The Tlsabllltyrenson act, which was ap tratlon.ulikejust tothenutivesuudcqultublo to the three powers moat concerned In trudo anu imercoursu hiiu tue oaiuuau iBittuus. ' RELATIONS WITH OBJEAT OU1TAIN. The new treuty ot extrudltlon with Greut Hrttuin, alter utiu rutmeuttoii, wus ptv claimed on the 21th ot last March. Its beneU rial work Is already niiDurent. The differ- -.no,, lii.iween thu two governments touching the fur-seal question In tbe Ilehrlngsoalanot yet atliusteu.. u -,,, uo avs-it uy iua uuiiii1 Mnnnit-.ni-whleh will soon be laid uefore Colt Tho offer to submit tbo aueMlon to arbitration, ua prupomjU by Uer Mujcety'a (Juvuriimcnt. baa not beun uccepU'U, for tbu reason that tbo formol eub ml union firoposcd Is not tbought to b'i culcn tttetl to QBBuro a conclusion eatlsfuctory to Mithr mtrtv. It la slnoerttlv bunetl tli ut bo- for tbo opening ot another eeullntf Bfawm 60U10 urrauuemenU luuy bo ejected which will ttsBuru to tho Unltea 6tutva a property rlubt. UitIviJ from BumIu, which wua not iifursiiruniisa bv onv nation for mora than eighty yearn preceding tbo outbreak of tbo The friendship between our country and Mexico, born of close neighborhood und trengtneneu oy many conoiuorationa or in tliuutu Intrrcouree and reciprocal Intcrebt, inti rtvsj liotn more cumnfeunua thun now. nor woro hopeful of Increased benefit to both triet uy run aircnuy ifrrjus, i uiaxuiij oua' it ant growth. Tht oordlal ohrfcctr of pay relation! wlttj ItKCKIlTB ANI KXI'KSriirnithS. Thn Tri'imurv f.t:itrniciit for tho rurrnnt Ilncnl ycur. n.ittly actual und piutly cvtluiat kI, l uh ToUows: lUTt'Ipttfrfun nil potircrpp,$in0.nM,000: total cxiH'iitllluri's, $Vl,fKK),f)0(), U'livlnur a Miiplu of t5J,ff(M,0(K) not tuklnt? tht not.tl ri cripts into nrctmni on citnur wuh. i iv in oi rev- i iniic from ciitotim for tlio luet i'ttcrl8 I'Hthiiiitcd at rJ5J0D,fXM)r but from thi N dut'trd n K'hi of about $in,(H),uM rt-.UIzi-il UuriliK iuu lirst lour inoiuns oi me year, lnr tho Mar 1W2 thu total ftliiiatfl if celplH uri't7.t.(X"MK)f) and thn t-thnatfd cx ptnditurl, VuSUW-W. U'nvln un othnat cd purphi' "f $1.H7,7.I.M, whleli, vlth a Mh nuiaucr m ai iuu ih-kiuiiiiik h iiiu year, will ilvt $ft;,14i,T.io..lS as tho cum nvall abk' Tor thn ri'dciiiptlou of nuNt;milln; bonds or ollu r ihch. Thu itliiiatcn of n--ceipl'T and cApciidltureM for thu ri)-t-oilleu IH'p.utiucnt bt'iu t-iitiat aro not Included In this HtaU'iiii'Ut on cither Hide. l'tmi'!UK OI' SlIA'KU IU'LT.IOX. Thu net "dlm-tlnir lhi mw,hun of sllvrr bullion and thu l-istin of Tii'Uury notes thereon," approved .June H, lvtti, ha- bei-n udiulnlHtered uy tne t cretary (r tne 'irea-- ii rv r Ith im 1'iirni'Ht nut ntiv to lift Into fir- eulidlon at the c.tillewt po--ible dates thu full nniniiiiv auiounis oi i n iiMiry noiet eoiuein plated 'bv Uh provlsloiw, and at the muuo tluiu to kIvu to the market fur Oliver bullion such nuppoit as the law contemplates, Thu recent deprivation In tho price at sil ver has been obseived with regret. Tho rapid rNu in prico which antici pated unil followed tliu pasau of thu an was inuueiKi'ii in mjiiiii tirKieit iy hjhtu lation, and the recent reaction Is lu part tho rcHiiltof theHame cause and In paitof the rectn t iiiouet.iry dKt ui bances, home month! of further trial will be ncccs-mry to deter mine the permanent effect of the lecent lerls lalinn upon tller valut'i, but it Is tfrailfylnK to know tint thu lueieasi-d circulation feu cuied bv the act hasctiTtedand w lllcontluuu lo exeit a more bemllelal lutlucuco upon business and upon general values. 1UH ItKChVT FINANTlAb U.fKltT. The iteeiit monetary dlsturb'tnces In Iln Klanrl are not unlikely to siiLiue-t a re-examination of opinions upon this subject, our verv law supply of gold will, If not lot by InipuNiveleKi-datlonln thu .support d interest of silver, Hive ll 11 position of ud ant.itie in promoting u permanent anil Hate inteiua tlonal areemenl for the fieu usu of silver as a coin natal. aucur-ATioN ofsionut. Thi t.ffntts of tbe Seeretarv to inereasn the volume of money In circulation by keeping ilnwti ilm tn ihiiri miinltiM to tint lowest Tir.ie- tlcablo limit havu betn unieinittlnir, and hi a verv iilh degreu successful. The table prc Henltd by him, showing thu Inereasu of inoiinv In e teulat on tlurlnir tbu oast two tlu- cailes, ami especially thu t.iblu showing thu Increase during tho eighteen months hu has administered the niuii.s or tue department aro Interesting and instructive. Tho In ere.trtii of n.oiiev In circulation dur- Inir thu nlneti ( n months has been In thuaggiegatc $!M,sii,sl.i, or about H.W per capita, and of this Increase only $7,l00,oou was duu to thu recent i-liver Legll.itloi). Th.it this (ubrstantlal and needed aid given to commerce resulted In an enormous re ductlon of the publu debt and of the annual imcrcm cnarge. is ui.iiiur ot iiiere.i!eu mius fai-ttnn. Tlu te have been nurch.isi d tixhl re deemed since March -I, 1U, 4 and 4's per cent, noiuis to tuu amouni oi j-iii.-'.i-xi, at a cost of F.'UV'-Ol. resulting lu tho reduction of the annual Intciest ehaigu of $s,!l",f?J, anu u total saving oi mien si oi ji.ti.iuo. tiik inti:hnal i!i:hM'i:. I notice with gicat pleasure the statement or mo s-ccrciary inai iuu rccinis iroin in ternal reeiuiH ba e. increastd durlmr the last rlseal vear ncailv frnxKi.tiuO, and that thu cost of collecting tills larger revenue was less by T-xM'-l" than for thu same purpose in thu pncdiiig ear. The percentage of eo.t ofeolhcting the customs revenue uas less for thu last ilseal ear than ever before Tim win nm'AitrM en r. Tim rennit nf the Seen turvof War exhibits several gi at living resnlls attained during the vear b wise mid unostentatious tm (hods. The pe'icentuge of desertions from thu army (ail evi MM m ihiiii 1 dmi r nun iuu nv- lartnient nae ong neen seeiiiug a remeuyi mu been it dueed (UirlllLT the liast VO.ll' Der cent., and for the mi.utlis of August and repiemoer, iiuriui; mt-ii iiiuu iue i.ivor.iutu effects of tile net of Juno Hi Werd fflt. :Vt ncr tent, as compartd w Ith thu samu months of ornciii, 11. conns, Thn refltilts ntt. lined bv a reoriranlzntlon and eniisolldatlon J the divisions having charge of the hospital and servlco records of thu volunteer soldiers are very remarkable. This change was effected In Jnly, lssy, und at mm ume mere were e.isrn umuiig m tcntlon, innie than half of thesu being calls from thu rem-ion t iiucu lor imormution nco cssary to the adjudication ot pension claims, i)n the Kith d.iv of June last, though over 300.- 000 new culls had comu In.thcru uas not n single casu that had not uuen cxaminua una answered. coast nr.ri:sK wouks and ohiinancEi 1 cmteur in thu recommendat'Ions of tbo Secretary that nderu:ite and rtgular appro- pi lailOUS ou eoiiiniiien mr .--.rat-, weiuimu uirksaud ordnance. 1'lans havu been prac tlcully tigreed upon and there cm bo no good reason lor Utl.iOiK ui" winimiii in iiii-iu, whlUtthe defeilM-leHS (tlltu of our ITI eat Meu ports furnishes an urgent reason for wisu expcuiiiun. ClAIll HILiltlAi Thn eiieoimiLrcmcntthat has been extended to thu militia of tho Htates, generally, and inosr nnprupriaiuiy, m-aignau-u iuu --.-u tlunal liuaid," should bo continued and en Itinn-il. Thi'Ml 111! I lllI'V OI If. 1 11 iz.lt ioilM COllHtl tnti- In n Ihilfu tienso. thu iirniv of tho United States, while about live-sixths of tho annual cost of their inalntinaucu Is delrayed by tho btaio. TIIK HE PA HTMhNT OF JirSTICE. Thn renott of thu Attorncvdicncral Is, iiiiilur thn l.iu- Hiilnnltleil dlrertlv to (.'(ill' grcss, hut us tho Departments of Justlcu Is iinu of the, executlvo demirtnicnts. somo reference to thu work done la appropriate here. A vigorous und, In thu main, effect ivo effort bus been mado to bring to trial and punlsliiueiit an violators or mo laws; mu, ui olous and teclmlcol olfciiBes should not bo used to swell mo wch oi moomcers or iu harUBS wcll-dlsnonul citizens. Kspecial at tention Is called to the facts connected with thu prosecutions ol violations of thn election Uiws una 1 1 n i iirT. b it i u ?i niiiti k.-tuit o mil curs. Tho miuihcr or convictions sceureu v..r tuiitiv nf them iinmi ideas of iTlllltVi will, It Is hoped, have a salutary restraining luuucnce, THE POST.OFriCE DKPAKTMEXT. The report of thu rostmaster-ticncral shows thu most gratifying progress In tho Important work committed to his direction. Tho business methods have been greatly l..it.N.v.u! lurirn .ii.n(i!li V 111 GXlielldf tures and an Increaso of $4,(IVM0 In rece I nla have been realized. Tho deficiency this year Is $,7300 a nKUIliB, f"-,osw,io.i ittnv ,imii. ........... . . .- i.,d inrf.titi.iit nf the Hurvlcu. ma routes have been extended and oulckenod und greater uceumey ami uispuim in yii uuiiou auu ucoyery u. m imu un.vs.. Tliu- iwri.Tiim I HY t.AW. Tho passigoof tho act to amend certain jcctlons of tho Uevlsed htatutes relating to lotteries, nppioved Heptciubcr W, W), bus been reeclVfii with gieui aim uenei u-u iwi provt d on the i'U of Juno last, has bei n put into operation as rapniiv as was practicable. The increased clerk al force as provided was (.elect i d and assigned to uork, and a consid erable part of the force engaged In examina tions In the Held was reeatkd and added to thu working force or thu olllce. The ex amination and adjudication of claims have, ny reason or improved memous, ueeu mom rapid than ever before. Thero Is no economy to tho (Jovernment in delay, while there is much hardship and Injustice to the soldier. Thu anticipated expenditure, whltevery large, will not, it is believed, bu in ejieess oi iiie esiunuies ni.me unun' uie nactment of tbe I.iw. lb s l lier.il enact ment of the general law should suggest a more careful scrutiny of bills for special relief, both as to tho cases where relief Is granted and as to the amount allowed. AlIIMON' OF NMV fiTATKS. Tbe admission of the States of Wvornlnif nnd Idaho to the I'nlon aru events full of Intel est ami congratulations, not only to the people of thoe Mates now happily endowed with a full natticination in our privileges and responslbllites, but to all our people. Another belt of Mates stretches from tho At lantic to thu Pad tic. TIIK CKVSffi, Tlio rnnnier.itioii of tieonle of the ITnltcd States under the provision of the act of March 1, isiw, has been completed, and the result will bu nt onto olllcially communicated to Congress. The completion of this decennial enumeration devolves upon Congress the dutv of maklmr a new apportionment of licprcseniaii es among inr seri .n riaies,- accoidlng to tlieir respect ivo milliners." IiKI'AltTMF.NT OF AOKirri.Tl'ItK. The renort of the Seeretarv of Agriculture ill-nerves f-tieei.il attention. In view of the laci mat ine ear nas oeeu maiheu in a very unusual uegrcu uy iigii.muit iinu iiraui'-.i i (in iiinoiiL' iuu limner, iook nir in an n reaso in the moms or their business, u will be found that the efforts of tbe depatt ment have been intelliircntlv and srealously devoted to thu promotion of the Interests lutrusieu to us euro. a cry sun- Bt.intlal imirovcment In tbe market prices In the leading farm prod nets diirinir the vear Is noticed. The price of wheat advanced from M cents In October, lii, fl.0fiU lu October, 1KI; com from M cents to fiOtrt cents; oats fnmi pji, cents to 4) tents, and barley from M cents to Ts cents. .Meats showed a substantial but nut so arire an iiicre-i.se. i nu exiKiri iraue In lle animals and fowls shows a vt ry liife-f inert use. the total value of such ex noils for the vear ending .lunu SO, Inijo, w.is K.iKNf.in"!, ana iuu inereasu uvt r inr pre- ceo inir ear was over jia.iwi.ww. .eany uoo.uw moro cattle and over 4.t,0K0,uou more noirs wero uxnorteu iiij.ii in in :i needing car. ino export tr.me ii Iiki r und nnrl: nrfiiliii't 4 nni! in d:iirr. urn duets was verv larifulv Incteased. thu in ci ease In the article o'f butter alone being fiom ki.th:j.s pounds to 'fXtWSiii poumis, and the total Inereasu In the value of meat and dalrv jiroducts eiported being $.II.WKi,lnn). 1 ills ir.uie, so mieeuy iieijuiii 10 ine uiruier, it is believed, will bu et furtln ratid very l.irtri-U inere.ised w ben tbe svstem of Insnee tion ami sanitary supervision now pro Idcd uy law is urougui ruiiv into operation CATTI.K IXSI'KFTKl.N. The efforts of the Seen tarv to establish the liealtbfulness of our meats airnlnst tbu dls paraging Imputations that h.ew bei n put upon iiieui auroau iiiivi1 resiuteu in suosi-in ttal progress. Veterinary surgeons sent out by the dciuirtment aro now allowed to pamci patu In tho Inspection of thu live cattle from this country landed at the l.nglNh docks, and during thu se 1 1 al months they have been on uuiy no case oi contagious pieuro pneumo nin has beep report isl, '1 his Inspection abroad anu tne uomcsuo in-pcciHm ot uve animals and pork pioducts, provided for by inenei in Aiiirusi imni. win iimirii lis mi feet a izinir.oitee for tho u holesoineness of our meats offered for foreign consumption us is any w nero given 10 any iuou prouuci, and Its non-acceptanco will quite clearly reveal tho real motive of any continued rcsli tction of their use; and.th it having been llllliie eiearer, iuu ouiy i iuu im-ihiu' ut uo very piam. THE 1IEKT buGAK INPUsTltr. The Information iriven bv the Secr'tarv of tho progress and piospeets of the bei t siig tr lliuuiiry is inuoi inicrest, it u.is iure.m passed ine experimental stage anu is a eoiu iiierfhil NiieifM4. The urea o er uhlcll the suir.ir beet e.in bo suceessf ullv Cult l .tteil Is viry large, and another field ciop of great value, is oueri-u to iuu i'iim in iuu 1.11 imii Tho hecretaryof the Tieasury concur In tnu rccomuicnuaiiou oi tno ecn iary oi ak rleiiltunt th.it the ntllcial siineris,ou Pro viiled by tho tarilf law for sugar of domestic pruunewon rui.oi ir.uiieiii.u iu uioi purtiuent ot agriculture. TIIK CIVIL-sKltVICE LAW Tho law relating to thu civil service; has, so far ns I can learn, been executed by those having thu powir of appointment In thu classilled strvico with lldellty and Impar tiality, and the service lias been Increasingly satisfactory. Tbo repot tot tbu commission shows u large amount ot good work donu iiuring mo car wun very uiiuii-u ajirupria lions. I.KdISLATION, I conpratulatetho Congress und thocountry upon thu p.issagn at the first session of the Fifty-11 rut L'ongiess of an unusual number of laws of verv high Importance. That thu re sults of thls'lcgjslatlou will bo thoqulckcnfng and enlargement of our manufacturing In dustries, larger and better imukcts forour Ureatlstuus una provisions ooiu at nouio ami nbroad. more constant eiuplovinent and bet tcr wages for our working people, and an Increased supply of a safe currency for tho transaction ut uinuiuss. uu uu, huuih some of theso measures wero enacted at so lain n period that tho bennllcbtl effocts urton comuierco which wero lu tho contemplation m congress nave us yei uut partiauy niani icetcu tucuiseives. . THADK AND INDC8TRT. The general trade and Industrial conditions throughout thu country during thoycar have shown a marked Improvement hir many years prior to lsssthu mcrchandlso balances Tor, out in unit year anu ino year ioj intviiiL' thev turned against us. It Is verv gratifying to know that tho last fiscal year again shows u balance In our favor of over St.ooo.oou. The bank clearings, which fur nlsh a good test of the volume of business transacted for the first ten months of tho ycarlS'ju show, as compared with tho same months of Jkri, an Increaso for tho whole country of about M per cent, while tho In creaso outsldoof tho city of New York was over 13 per cent. During the month of Otto, ber tho clearlugs of thu whole country showed an Increase of 8.1 per cent, trver October, lfeKJ, while outside of Now Yin w thn Increase was lUs Per cent. These figures show that the Increase In the volume F. XI OUT 8. Tbo valuo of our exports of domestic mer chandise durlmr thu last vear was oer flir,, oon.mio greater than the preceding year, ami was nnivexeeetieuonce in our History, a unite $10,00U,oi0of this excess was lu agricultural products. The production of pU Iron al ways u good gauge of gem ral prosperity Is shown by a recent census bulletin to nuvo been I, per cent, greater In ls-n) than In Ihw), and the production of Met 1 HUO per cent, greati r. Mining In coal has had no limita tion except that resulting from deficient transportation. The general testimony Is that labor ! every hen' fully employed, and the reports for the last year how a smaller nurnbtrof emplnjes affected by strikes ami lock-outs than in any ear since lsM. Thu depression fn thu prices of agrl cultural products hail been greatly relieved and a buoyunt ami hope ful tone wus beginning to be felt by all our people. Thesu promising Influences have been In some degree clu eked by tho surprising nnd very unfavorable mom tary events which have recently taken place In Dnglaml. It Is gratlfing to know that these did not giow In any degree out of the financial lclatiotis of Loudon with our people, or out of any dis credit attached to our securities held In that market. The return of our bonds and stocks as caused by a money stringency In Knglandfiiot by any loss tif value or credit in the securities themseUcs. Wo could not, however, wholly escape the ill effects of a foreign monetary agitation, accom panied bv such extraordinary Incidents an characterized this. It Is not belli ved, how ever. Unit theso evil incident, which liavo fur tbo time unfavnrnbly unVcted valuus In this country, can long w ithstand the strong, safe nnd wholesome Itilluences uhleh aro operating to give our people piolilable re turns In all branches nt legitiiu ite trade ami industry. The apprehension that our t.nlff may again and at once be subinltlid to nu portant general change, w ould undoubtedly add a depressing Inilueiico of thu most se rious character. THE Jf'KINIXr TAltlFF. Tbo ficncral Tariff act has onlv partiallv gone Into operation, some of its Impoitant provisions being limited to take tifectat dates yet In the futiiie. The guicr.il pro visions of tho law hae been iu force less than slxtv days. Its permanent clfect on trade and prices still stand iu conject lire. It is curious to note that tho advance in thu juice of ail Ides whol ly unaffected bv the Tarilf act was by niaiiv iiastnv acrmeu to mat act. Notice was not taken of the facf that the gcneial tendency of the mat kcts was up ward from Iniluenees whollv .(part from thn recent tarilf legislation. '1 he nlargi-mettf of our eutrcnev bv the Mherbilt umioubtlj gav e an upw.ini teiiueue in u.mr met n.ui nut Li-it i tfi-i'i on m ii-i s . Put this n i tn ral and desired cm ct of the silver iigislatlon as by many trruncusiy aurioutuu to iuu iun act. TARIFF IU; l!OX. There Is neither wisdom nor sUirircstlon that the subjett of tariff icison shall bu opened bffoiu this law has had a fair trial. It I unite true that eciv tarilf schedule Is subjeit to objections. So bill was ever irameu, i suppose, in.tt in an oi us r,ut ,uei lasmueations nan ine iuu uppiov.ti even oi a paitv caucus, Mich legisbuion is always ami ne'eessai Uy tbe piodm-t of eouipiomlso ,ts io net. ins, mm lie- u--eiii i.m n uu I'Tcenllnn. I tut. in its .iretieral "diliu and elfeet. I think. It wUxutify the sup port of thoM wbo believe that American leg islation should conei u and defend Amer lean trade and the wages of American wulk men. . , The in s nfortnation as io tne terms ui tne act, which has beui so w idely disseminated at home and abroad, w 111 hi- coin cii ii by e. perleme and the evil auguries as I o its results i on i on mien o tne iuu i m i 1 1 jm if . un- "ii Iiil's banks, lulei national trade b ilancts and ihe gem ral prosM ttv ol oui people. Mieady v beirln to hear lioui abioad and from our cu-ttnn -houses that tbepiohibltoiy effect upon luipol tatious luiputi d to the act Is not justified. lbe liupoits at tin- jWut of New l oik ior tne lirsl till ee h i-i ut eie ncailv i pi r i ent. great r than ior me line pel m'd ill l"vs:i and '-"J per cent. gr ater than m tin-same pi nod of ls-s. And so far lioui being an tut to limit expnits, i conn dently believe that undr It we shall s euri' n laigei and mote iioiiiaoie pai iicrpaiittn in foreign trade than we have e cr enjoji d. and that wc shall reenver a jiropoi tiouate liar tteipaiiuii iu lie.-uvi-tiu i-.iiijiiiiinui ui mu wot id. ulur favor. The i'ost.Uillcu Depaitment and oFbUBlncsA was very general throughout tho ltOIUIlITOUV Oil Hi:TAUArOKV M.filsLATION There Is no disposition among any of out people to piomote pi oliiblioi y in in ui.uor leuiolal Ion. Our nd id s aie nilnidi d iml to Hiu hint id others, but to m cuie for our-elves (hose advantagi s thai i.uiiygiow om m our taMired iiositiou as a uilioii. our foi-tu of goeinmi nt, w Ith Us Incident of iuitcisal suflrage. makes It lmprat:c that we shall save our w oik rug people imui tin agitations and dMicsses v nit h t .nit woi U und wages that have no mitgm br xiuifort alwavs get. Ilutali.tr atl i.i.s .i.un-. u wui on loiiml that out uiaiki ts me open to frit udly comuiucial eAeliann'es of ciiouuous Miluc to the other guat Towns. in A U'KOt ITV. Tin re were but twouuthoiN of obtalninu contiolof this iiie-tlon open (o ( ongies 1 1) place ail mese ai ncies upon tne iuu aim-lir-i suhiiit to such tieat agn-ements as toiild be seemed, or lo place them all pies cntl upon the flee list, but subji et to tin re imposition oi spieiutn unites u un- t-nuu tuts I mm which we i cei e them should re luc to give us suitable n-cipiueal beiicilts. I ins latter inciiioti, r mink, poes-.i-s me.u advanlaircs. It eAPie--.es in advance the const ut tif Conguss to r'ciproeit nr laiiircmentsa liciing tiie-e prouncts unicu must have otheiwi-e been delacd ami un asetita hied tint each treaiv w as r.iuneii oy the s nale and the nect s-ary lege-i itiou en iKtedbv (.'oiigre-s. t.xpeiience has Piown that su'iiie tnatles looking to reclpiocal trade have failed to sieuic a ttt-thud vote n the enate lor i atilication, ami oin eis bav Ing pas-ed tli it -tage bavi for ye.ii-s awaiicd the coiicnrn nee of the Uouo and m uate iu siu h nuidilli aiions of our lev cnuu laws as wuc neciss.iry t give clfet t to their piov Mons We now hav e the concur rence of both Houses in advance In a dis tinct and deliniie omr in iieouury io our ports of specific aiticlcs, '1 he l.x ccutlvo Is not leutnicd to deal In con jectuie as to what Congress will ac cept. Indeed this icclpioeilv piovlslon is more than an oiler. Our p.ut of the bar gain Is compleic; delivery lias bten made, and when me countries fioin which we re celve sugar, eoltee, teas and hides, have n incd on l he rlreeiistssucn oi our uouucis ai shall be agreed upon, as an eipuvab ut for our concession, u proclamation of that fact t oinpit it s tnu transaction , ami in ine menu tiineotir own people havu lieu frugal-, ten, coifeoand hides, NEW r.rXilKLvTlON. In addition to the important bills that be came laws befoi e the adjournment of the last sesnmii.some otlur bills id thehiglnst lm puitame wic ull advanced toward a final volo and now stand upon the c.tleiidaisot tho two Houses iu tavoied iiositlons. The present session has a fixed limit, ami It theso incatiures are not now brought to a final vole all the work that has been done upou them by this Congress is lost. Tho pioper tonsldt lalitui of tin se, of an op poitioumcnt bill und of the annual appro priation bill-will, iispiliu not mil) that no working day of the si sslon shall be lost, but that incisures of unuor ami local Inteiest shall not bo allowed to interrupt or retard the progress of lhoo that uieof unlvirsal Inteiest. Iu view of these conditions, I refrain from bringing before ou at this time somo siiggi -tlons that would otheiw Iso bu made, und most earn estlv Invoke our amotion to thn duty of peifectlng tho Impoitant bglsbitUm now well advanced, to some of these measures which seem to inu most Impoitant 1 now brlcily call your attention. AMMUCAX (SrEAMSIIIF USE. I desire to repeat with added urgency the recommendations contained In my last annu nl message In relation to thu developments id American steamshrp lines. Thn reciprocity cluusutd the Tariff bill will bu largely limit ed, and Its benefits ictaided ami diminished, If provision Is not contemporaneously mado to encourage tho establishment of first-class uteam communication between out-ports and thepoits of such nations as may meet our overtures for cnlurged commercial ex changes. TIIK Al STltAI.IAN MAIL. The present situation of our mall commu nlcutlon with Australia Illustrates thu Im portance of e.uly action by Congress. The oceanic Steamship Conmauy maintains it lino of steamers between San Francisco, Hjd ney and Auckland, consisting of three es eels, two of w hich uru United States icgistry and one of foieign registry. For the hcivIcu dono by this line In currying the mulls we pay annually thu sum of $4t,ioo, being, us estimated, tho full sua and United Status Inland postage, which Is the limit Itxed by law, Tho colonics of Now fouth Wales und New Zealand have been paying annually to those Hues 137.00U for carrying the malls fiom sducy and Auck land to hau Francisco. The contract under winch the payment has been made Is now u mm (ho enforccmeiii of tho law with conducted upon a safe und profitable baa Is fused to renew thecontract unless thellnlted flviuputhctlo vigor, and alreaily the pjbllo . Is shown by ilio fact that there wero three states Bball pay u more wmltablo pioporlloti miilli 1 avc t been laigiily frcid ti-oin tbo 1 buudred lust mUutch rvpoitcd I In October, f tbo whulti sum nckssaiy tu innlr. frauduleht and tlemocalfzing appeal a , lKW.lUa bi Urn tho wtiwdv, i ivrtiiurt) cilia iuu. u h rut uu ut,-j w i' i i'tHv.ti uit'in m' Mim""" i--ir-Tu-r7i ,ij. t j i.jti