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the state i Republican.
VOLUME XXIII. JEFFEltSON CITY, COLE COUNTY, 'MISSOURI, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 4,'l8!)4. 2- X UMBER r.. IN OUR OWN STATE. FINALLY DKAD. In her third attempt within week, Mary Wilson was successful In committing suicide, near Salem. DR. QOODIEB DEAD. Dr. James Qoodlor, an old and prominent physician of Monroe county, died of cancer In the stom ach. TO INSPECT AT JOPLIN. Qov. Stone appointed Patrick Mc- Gauren Inspector of oils for the city of Joplln for a term of two years from August 8, 1894.' Mr. McGauren succeeds himself. a pumpkin's oreat onowTii. A large pumpkin growing in a corft Held near St. Ohorls, this state, was found by actual tapellno measure ment to Increase its circumferenco 8 Inches In 24 hours. hit off his ear. A. O. Mayfiold, postmastor at Leb anon, and Clarence Vernon, a young farmer, had a fight Tuesday noon, and Mayflekl had an ear bitten off and was otherwiso badly used up. Vernon was fined $1 and costs. MI8SOURIANS ABROAD. John 0. Herndon, a native of Howard county, has been nominated for congress by Arizona democrats. In Colorado, John F. Shafroth and JolinT. Bottom, both ex-Mlssourlans, have been nominated for congress. The Missourlan goncrally gets there when he goes abroad. THE LONQEST BEAN POD. Mrs. R. W. Crumm, living near Victor, Monroe county, sent the edi tor of the Paris Appeal a bean pod that measured 12,'s inches wide and three-quarters of an Inch thick. It contained 14 beans, very much like a bean. It was a bunch boan, the vine growing about three feet high. FOUND COAL NEAH CHILLICOTHE. There is considerable excitement in Chlllicothe over the discovery of a 4-foot vein of coal but a short dis tance from the city. A farmer bor ing a well found, at a depth of 220 feet, a. 30 inch vein of coal, covered with a rider rich in copper; at 308 feet, 80 Inches of coal, and at a depth of 320 feet, 48 Inches of coal. THREW A LAMP AT HIS WIFB." - John Schneider, a St. Louis laborer, came homo intoxicated and finding that his wife had not kept suppor for him, picked up a lighted lamp and threw it at her. It broke in pieces on her head and the oil that drenched the unfortunate woman's head and shouldeis took fire and burned her in a horrible manner. Sho died at the city hospital. A MOTHER'S RARE DEVOTION. Mrs. Murphy, of St. Louis, aged 85 years, appeared boforo Governor Stone at Jefferson City last week and begged him to pardon her son, Pat, from the penitentiary whoro ho is serving a thirty years' sentence for a brutal assault upon an old woman in St. Louis. Not having any money to pay railroad fare, she had walked all the way from St. Louis. She de clared that her son was Innocent. Governor Stone tieated her with great kindness and promised to look Into the case and take such action as it should merit. The old woman then went to the penitentiary and saw her son. PRETTY LITTLE ROMANCE. Thirty years ago Jim Townsend and Miss Victoria Furr were sweet hearts, both living at Arrow Kock. Jim had a successful rival In tho per son of John Brownlee, alio living there, who wooed and won tho fair Victoria. After a few years Jim married and both reared families. Mr. Brownlee died some years ago, and within the past three years Mrs Townsend has passed away, both leaving largo families behind. The sweethearts of 30 years ago were again free to place their affections where they wonld. They were mar rled last week and will make their future home at Nelson. fellow is doing moro business and ho is getting ahead of you. Each year's effort should be to exceed last year's salos. Tho only sure way to do it Is to advortlso Advertlso in busy times because tho iron must be struck when it Is hot, and advertise In dull times to heat the iron. It can be dono. It is n safe rule to take advertising as you would medicine when you need it. Advertising is the only medicine for sick business, but It must bo of good- quality, just bb medlclno must bo good to do good. It is poor policy to publish a mis loading ad. The plainer and moro truthful It is tho better. Business mon aro coming to Understand this, moro and more, every dav. Tho time has passed when "people like to be humbugged." Barnum is dead. When yon have decided what to say and how to say it, pick out tho boat paper you can find and uso It. Remember that tho best paper Is the cheapest and the place to put your advertising is In tho placo that peo ple look for their nows. Make tho nds. newsy and they will pay. There is nothing mysterious about advertising. It Is an exact science. You nro simply tolling people whero they can get certain needed things. That's all there Is of It. If you can tell them about something they want, or ought to want it you have a good thing to offer advertising will sell it. Most any sort of advertising Is useful, but newspaper advertising Is not only the best but it costs less than nny othor kind service con sidered. You can got moro circula tion talk to moro people for Iobs monoy, in a newspaper, than In any other way. Figure It out and see. A SHORT TALK ON ADVERTISING. Br Charlea Auatla I)ate. It Is continuous effort that pays in advertising a in everything elso. A business man doesn't keep bis store open one day In the week, or one week In the month, or three months In the year. If he advertises that way that is the Impression people will get. It la continuousness that has made each letter In the word "Royal" before the words "Baking Powder" worth over $2,000,000 The owner of Royal Baking Powder recently refused $12,000,000 for hit business a buslnesa built up and fostered by persistent advertising. People are very forgetful. Tbey have to think pretty hard. to remem ber the vice-presidential candidate two campaigns back, and yet he was pretty well advertised at the time, It has been truly said that tho time to advertise Is all the time. In bus! noss there Is no such thing as stand lng still. A business man must go forward or he will fall back. Even If you do Just as much business this year as yon did last, some other THE PIIOFESSION OF WIFE. From Ilurper'a Bazar. Of the three distinctively natural womanly professions, thoso of wife, mother, and housewife, that of wife hus been comparatively neglected of late years. On tho other hand, motherhood and housewifery havo attained tho dignity of sclencos. Tho periodical liternturo of to-day teems with special advice and Instruction to those holding these professions. Now it is submitted that women have become mothers and house keepers altogether too much. Young children must bo DroDorlv. cared for. and homos must be made and kept by women. This is undoubtedly true. But to be a completo mothor and housekeeper is not tho end and aim of every woman's existence, oven though sho Is married, and has children. Many women havo thought so, nnd in carrying out their Idoa havo submergod mind and body, believing such sacrlfico laudable and necessary. But In doing bo they have Ignored and nearly lost sight of a profession of equal dignity and Importance. Nay, of primary and paramount mportance and dignity, since tho woman" and the "wife" may exist without either of the other profes sions, whllo the others cannot exist without these. And tho most perfect peclmen of mother and housekeeper is a very weak-minded and miserable peclmen unless sho has first realized the full completion of her woman hood and wifehood. Tho flist year or two of married life has been heretofore thought sufficient time for a woman to glvo to her husband as companion, com rade, friend In short, specially to her profession of wife. After that she sinks herself more or less com pletely, according to her disposition ana temperament, into being a mother and housewife. However flnoly equippod tho woman may be mentally and physically for social and Intellectual companionship, and for a llfo in which such powers take prominent part, sho appears to regard tho sacrifice of iho best part she consents to it with a good grace, Slowly but surely the husband is rolegated to his newspaper, his solitary cigar, then to his club and his special friends, for entertainment and solace. But his home Is a marvel of order and neatness, his clothing Is In perfect order, and his dinners are marvellously served. What more can the man want? His children are models of health and prosperty. His Wife Is a dovoted mother and noble housekeeper. What can man ask moro than this? POLITICAL. REVIEW OF THE WEEK, Tho past week has boon a compar atively quiet ono In tho political field, notwithstanding that tho con gressional elections are but six weoks away. The active campaigning of public meetings, speeches and tho usual methods of appealing to party spirit and stirring up party onthusi asm havo hardly begun In tho country at large, although well under way in some few states and congressional districts. This does not moan, how- over, that tho party loaders aro idle. A vast amount of preparatory work, especially in the preparation of speeches and other campaign Htera ture, has been going on stoadlly for weeks and mouths. Many" of the leaders aro taking a fow weeks of more or less completo rest after tho long and arduous session of congress boforo taking tho stump. Ono difficulty that has to bo facod in doallng with tho tariff question is tho fact that the stock of criticism and predictions, both friendly and adverse, regarding tho new tariff law has been pretty well exhausted, whllo tho law has not yet been In operation long enough to afford much basis for conclusions as to Its actual effect upon tho business of tho country. Nor is it at all certain that its effect will become sufficiently apparent during tho remaining weeks of tho campaign to supply much campaign material. Nevertheless tho tariff and silver appear likely to contlnuo to bo tho chief topics of political debato lows, tho 104 antl-fusionists bolting till the 0th of Novomber. i during tho progress: Lieutenant It may bo reniarkod that tho A. P. governor, J. N. Gaflln; secretary of A. movemunt is clearly being viewed with moro concern by botli tho old parties as tho campaign progresses. Tho republican state conventions havo generally refrained from any platform declaration on the subject, whllo tho democratic conventions havo generally denounced the move ment. What tho association does is dono with such secrecy that It Is next to lmpossiblu for outsiders to meas ure its Infiuenco and strength with any accuracy. The following clauso In favor of sll- vor closed tho platform: We indorse the lantniAiro used by the Hon. John O. Carlisle In 1878, when ho denounced the "conspiracy" to destroy silver money, as "the moat gigantic crlma of this or any other age," and wo agree with him that "the consummation of such a scheme would ultimately entail moro misery upon tho human race than all tho wars, pestilences and famines that ereroccurred In the history ol the world." Wo are not willing to be parties to such a crime, and In order to undo the wrong already done, and to prevent the further appreciation of money, we favor tho Immediate restoration of the free and unlimited coinage of gold and silver at tho present ratio of 16 to 1, without wait' lng for tho aid or consent of any other nation on earth. Wo regard the right to Issue money as an attribute of sovereignty and believe that all money needed to supplement the gold and silver coinage- of the constitu tion and to make the dollar stable In purchasing power that It will defraud neither debtor nor creditor, should he issued by the general government as the greenbacks wero Issued, that such money should bo redeemable in coin, tho government to exercise tho option by redeeming in gold or siller whichever Is most comeniontJor tho government. We believe that all money Issued by the gtnerniucnt, whether gold, or slher or paper, should he made a full legal ten der for alt debts, public and private, and that no citizen should bo permitted to demonetize by contract that which the government makes money by law. After tho adoption of tho platform tho leaders of the fusion and anti fusion factious announced an agree ment nnd Judge Holcomb, the populist candidato forgovernor, was Indorsed by a largo majority. Tho ticket waB completed ns fol- DID NOT WANT HIM. Lowolllng wanted to introduce McKlnley at Topeka Wednesday, but the republican commltteo would not allow him to do so. RESULT OF GAMBLING. Chauncey Depow. A considerable proportion of fall ures In business and 00 per cent, of the defalcations and thefts and ruin of youth among people who are em ployed In places of trust aro due directly to gambling. I have seen in my vast employment so much misery from the head of the family neglecting Its support, and squander ing his earnings In the lottery or tho poliey Bhop, and promising young men led astray in a small way, and finally becoming fugitives or landing in the criminal dock, that I have come to believe that the community which licenses and tolerates public gambling cannot have prosperity In business, religion in Its churches or morality among Its people. WABHINUTON DEMOCRATS. The Washington democratic plat form Indorses tho Chicago platform of 1802 and President Cleveland's administration; tho now tariff bill Is commended, also democratic legisla tion against trusts; .tho income tax feature of tho tariff law hi com- monded, and frco colnngo of silver Is demanded; tho Heilly funding bill Is condemned as unpatriotic; one transcontinental road is condemned, and tho A. P. A. denounced. MONTANA DEMOCRATS. Cloveland nnd the democratic national administration wore Indorsed by the Montana democratic Btate onvontion. The resolutions favor tho tariff reform, the election of Benators by popular voto nnd the unconditional free coinage of silver. P. S. Corbctt, of Missoula, was nominated for congrosH. Judge L. A. Luce, of Bozoman, was nominated for associate judgo. There are tbreo full tickets in tho field for nil state and county dtllccrs excopt In Meagher county, where tho democrats and populists fused, each taking half tho nomination. Tho legislature choson this fall will elect two United States senators. There was some fusion sentiment, but tho fuslonists were In the minority. CONNECTICUT DEMOCRATS. The Connecticut democratic plat form expresses confidence in and pledges support to President Cleve land; congratulates the people on the recont revision of tho tariff, and applauds President Cleveland upon his skillful efforts to restore the currency In the country to a better condition than It has enjoyed for 30 vears: demands a constitutional convention; raps tho A. P. A movement In strong language, de claring it to be a vicious thing, dangerous to civil liberty and In violation of the declaration of the rights guaranteed by the constitution, Tho acceptance of free railroad passes by public officials is con demned. Tho enactment of a strict corrupt practices act is favored Economy in Btate expenditures is approved, as Is all legislation favor lng the Industrial elevation of work lng men. state, F. It. Elllck; treasurer, G. A. ,lnkhart; attorney general, D. B. Carey; auditor, J. C. Dahlman; com- Issioner of public lands and build ings, S. J. Kent; superintendent of public Instruction, W. A. Jones. Holcomb, Gnfiln, Caroy, Kent and Jones aro populist nominees. Tho regular convention then adjourned. The bolters at once organized into separate convention and began tho work of selecting a straight demo cratic tickot. This was soon made p as follows: For governor, P. D. Sturdovant; lieutenant governor, It. 13. Dunphy; secretary of state, D. T. Rolf; auditor, Otto Bauman; treasurer, Luko Drldcnthal; attorney general, John II. Ames; commis sioner Ul puuuu iaim nr Jacob Blglcr; superintendent of pub lic Instruction, Milton Doolittle. Tho bolters' convention then ud journod, aftor adopting a platform Bimllar to tho other excepting that favored a gold basis. Tho bolter ticket was at once taken tho secretary of statu at Lincoln Ith tho demand that bo receive and register It as tho ticket of tho emocratlc convention. Tho secre tary of state said tho matter of which wns tho real democratic ticket would havo to bo determined by tho courts. NEBRASKA DEMOCRATS. The free sllvor forces won In the Nebraska democratic convention Congressman W. J. Bryan was nom lnated for the United States sonate After renewing their allegiance to Joffersonlan principles, and express lng the belief that a "public office is a public trust" and that all men were created equal, the Income tax was indorsed, election of senators by the people advocated and an amend ment to the constitution making president Ineligible to re-election called for. The A. P. A. movement was denounced in Bevere terms, Itures where Ion for additional revenues, the legitimate demands upon the federal treasury will no longer exceed tho government's In come and necessitate an Increase In tho publlo debt, , The beneficial tllccte of the ndontlon ol ineso entury measures of public policy are aireauy plainly apparent. Kach day gives evidence ol returning prosperity. Mills closed by tho elfects of republican legislation aro reopening nnd their oper atlvca are returning to work. Merchants repqrta Jurgely Increasing volumo of buslnesa and manufacturers arc preparing ,0lfjt? Trd of prosperity which tho ru odHisiehtof the tariff and chtmiwr rnu- aoVcertahily assure. Dncur with President Cloveland thatronow tarlfl law does not embody tho fultlk&uis of tariff reform, but with him aIsUorsa its provisions tor cheaper and frajjKt materials and lower taxes as a sUMflntial recognition of flemn. cratlo I ! "-plee and wo bespeak for tho law an Impartial trial, confident that Its successful operation will convince the people of the wisdom of democratic policy ana muuee mem to demand its proper extension. While favoring, thciefote, such wise modification and readjustment of particular schedules by the enactment of separate hills, as future conditions and the fulfillment of democratic pledges may require, wo deprecate, pending a fair trial of the law by actual opct.ition, any further effort at tariff revision which under present conditions would l.e llkelj to retard Improvement In business and thereby prolong the evils brought upon tho country by republican folly. Tho repeal of tho federal elections law nnd the measures for tho sup pression of trustB wero indorsed; tho platform of 1802 reaffirmed; "honest money" principles upiu'ld; civil service reform commended; the efforts mado by the senators nnd representatives in congress from this state to avert tho Imposition of tho present Incomo tax commended ; and finally "tho honest purpose and high Ideas which have characterized tho administration of i'lesident Cleveland" were commended and earnest support promised in nil his efforts to socurc the enactment of democratic measures and tho carrying out of democratic pleeges. THE GENERAL NEWS. LAUNT THOMPSON HIJAD. Launt Thompson, tho noted sculp tor, died hi New York. KW YORK DEMOCRATS. Amid a sense of wild excitement the. Now York democrats nominated nanlmously for govornor Senator David 11. Hill. Senator Hill wns halrmnn of tho convention nnd pro tested against their action. Daniel N. Lockwood, a Cleveland man, was named lor lieutenant gov ernor and Wm. J. Gaynor, an auti- nappor, for judgo of tho court of apponls. Whitney declined to run, Flower rofused ro-nomliiation and Hill had also declined repeatedly. Tho con vention forced tho nomination upon the senator and it is expected that ho will accept though ho has not yet formally dono so The platform adopted is as follows: Tho democratic party of New York con- ratulates tho people of the state upon the restoration of business confidence and the Improvement ol Industrial condl tlona which are following the repeal by democratic congress ot Its republican predecessor's unsound financial Ieglsla, tton, driving out our go.'d and threaten' ng a silver standard, a worse than war tariff, unnecessarily adding to the cost of living, diminishing federal revenues and over-stimulating favored Industries at the government expenses; profligato ex pendlturcs converting an assuring treas ury surplus Into an alarming deficit these were the 111 conceived and 111 luted products of republican partisanship which brought the country to the verge of financial and Industrial ruin, which wiped out private fortunes, reduced In comes, turned tens of thousands ol men out ot work, closed factories, destroyed life, brought thousands of deserving poor face to face with starvation and Inflicted general distress upon the American peo pie. Tbecompleto transfer of the govern ment to the democratic party was too late to avert these terrible evils: it could only remove the causes and repair the Injury. We therefore relolce that by the repeal of the Sherman law for the purchase of sliver and the storage ot silver bullion all tear ot a depreciated currency has been allayed and faith has been restored In the ability of the government to maintain constant parity between Its gold and all ver coinage; that by the repeal of the McKlnley tariff law, the Inordinate taxa. tlon of the many for the benefit of the few has not been notably diminished and In place of Inequitable and monstrous customs duties which have starved some Industries and overfed others, the tarlfl schedules have been adjusted ao that while affording ample safeguards for American labor tbey reduce the price to the peopt ot necessities of life and encourage the promotion of Industry by cheapening the cost of many raw materials used In man' ulactureal and that by reducing expend VIRTUE OF CONCEIT. The Oik cited Sex," ly w. . Walsh, In N.irth American Review. In Its beginning conceit or vanity Is a vlrtuo, not a vice. It is the conscious senso o' noblesse, obliging man to live up to his noblesse. It is tho desire for admiration, keeping woman up to tho plane of pleasing. In other words, It is a most powerful incentive to rlght-seeminc and i- i V, .,!. ue shades off Into vice is a nice ques tion to determine. But In a broad and general waj wo can say that when ever tho consciousness of deserving admiration or the deslro for admira tion Is overweening and overwhelm ing; whonever it Is a llo or tho cause of Ilea; whenever It Induces the Individual to bo offensive, overbear, ing or ridiculous; whenover It leads to the sacrifice of prlnel, le, honor, and self-respect; whenever It entails the comfort of others then It Is a vice, and Is ptoperly stigmatized by the unpleasant namo of conceit or anlty. Now, 111 which sex is the Inordinate love of admiration at tended with the greater loss of pi in . iple, truth, and self respect in which does It tako on the mora of fensive, overbearing and lidiculous shape? That the couctlt of man Is moro overbearing than tho vanity of Oman is self-evident. For man Is tho stronger sex, and it Is tho tendency ill-dirt cted strength to be over bearing. Undoubtedly this lu a con dition of mind that is unpleasant and vexatious to other minds which are brought In contact therewith. But at least It has tho merit of truthful ness. At least tho man believes in himself. Ho credits himself with the qualities upon which ho conceits himself. Tho fact may not be a fact; to him, however, it is a fact. Hut a Oman's vanity is never entirely truthful, never entirely slncore. It a wild deslro to impress by ap poarlng to bo something which she Is not, and which she instinctively knows she is not. It is a confession of weakness in the very attempt to put on a show of strength. A vice that is based upon an honest mis conception of a fact Is Infinitely less harmfulthanavtce that is based upon wilful distortion of fact. A llo is really the only great crime that a human can commit. Well and wisely did the old theologians, when casting about for a name which should hold up the enemy of mankind to the uttermost detestation, brand him and stigmatise him forever as tho Father ot Lies. And becauso tho vanity of woman is founded upon untruth, it is moro offensive and ridiculous, and entails a'greater loss of principle, of honor, of self-respect than tho con colt of man. U1VKN A DINNER. A dinner was given In honor or Congressman W. L. Wilson by the Chamber of Commerce of London. AKTUK TWELVE YEARS. Captain Henry W. Howgnto, who, over 12 years ago, embezzled over $300,000 from tho government, wns arrested In New York. II. & L. ASSOCIATIONS. The forthcoming report of Carroll D. Wright, commissioner o Inbor, upon building associations, puts Mis souri among the foremost states In tho number of these Institutions. Missouri, It Is shown, has 308 build lng associations. St. Louis, of course leads with the surprising list of 201 associations. St. Louis count v has 10; tho city of Sedalia has 7; Hanni bal, 0; Kansas City II; .Jellcrson City 4 ; St. Joseph 0. One St. Joseph association, the Phu-ulx, has 1IJ01 shareholders. Kansas f 'it V has two that exceed this tho Continental, with JJ310 shareholders, and the Mercantile, with 2077 shareholders. Sedalln has an association, the Kqultable, with 1070 shareholders. rei.khous xori:x. A (lermnn Evangelical Deaconess Hospital wns dedicated at Jerusalem, July .'). Tho edillco with tho lot cost 300,000 francs. It has accommoda tions for fifty or sixty patients. The sick of any religion or nationality aro to lie admitted. Tho statistics of the Baptists in Sweden show 550 ehiireheH, with 30, 201 memheis, 37,231 Sunday school scholars and 3,1103 Sunday school teachers. The additions during tho past year wero 2,210, and lit new churches were organized. Tho Churi.li of Apostolic Faith and Order Is the name of a new religious sect hi St. Louis. Tho movement is a return to primitive methods of Christianity, and omits choirs, pews, salaried preachers and the many re finements of modern Cltrlstiauitv. STRIKK COMMISSION. Tho United States commission appointed to investigate tho Chicago strike, nfter a two days' executive session for the purpose of discussing report to bo submitted to tho presi dent, adjourned until tho last' wee'.: in October. Tho commission was nblo to har monize such differences of opinion as existed, and there will he no minority report. Tho report will be a full document, so one of the mem bers of the commission said, nnd ill, nfter summarizing the facts as t forth lu tho testimony and dis- ussing at considerable length the hemes suggested for adjusting and avoiding differences between labor nd capital, gives its conclusions. Their conclusions, tho commission- rs havo decided not to make public. It would, they say, bj discourteous to the president to do so. "Tho solutir n of the problem wi h liich wo are to deal, "said one of tin commissioners, "is a more dilll.'iilt no than that of the civil war. The government know what It had to do meet force with force. This prob lem Is besot with the .perplexities that surround the rights of capital and of personal liberty, We have bad no experience of other countries to guide us. Tho report will discuss tho question ill nil its phases, and, I think, ofler something practical, although, of course, any legislation must bo tentative." It Is believed Hint tho report will lay special stress on arbitration, and will olfer a general scheme of arbi tration for tho settlement of future difficulties. NORMAL SCHOOLS. Ily Rev. John Border, Judging from certain newspaper statements; It would seem that larg numbers of :ptoople In St. Louis ltav not grasped tho idea that underlies the function and place of the Nor mul School In the educational system of our city, In tho first place, this school Is not a part of tho common school system ot the city. It Is technlcaljutcbool, and one having very clearly doflned purpose. That purpose1' is to educate and supply teachew for the common schools, wero complained of. This Indicates Hint Now York's number is 4,300. It Is nil e.xpoit who sa,s that the average life of n homo of had elmr- j acter under one proprietor Is three years. That makes the 'Initiation fee' on onc-thlid of the bouses fall duo every ji-iir. So the total figutes up In this way: 'Initiation fee' of 1,300 houses ($300 each), $730,000 per annum; regular monthly pdj incuts of 1,500 houses nt $50 per month ($000 ).er milium), $2,700,000 per annum. This gives a total of $3,450,000 per ear for tho disiepu tablu houses, and, Immense an this sum may seem, it is based on hard and undeniable facts. "The blood money paid by the green goods men makes n total sum of great size, but smaller than that paid by the disreputable houses. It Was shown that the main opcratois there were four of them, who con trolled the whole city paid the polleo e;iitnlin $15(1 a nion'h each and the detective biiie.iu fiom $73 to $250 n month each. The average price paid hj merchnnts lor tho priv ilege ol ohstl'lli ting the sidewalks was a . i nr. At least 2,000 mer chants gave this tribute, something In all, $50,001) per nnntiin. Then conio 5,(100 peddlois, who M'eio per mitted to violate eily ordinances for $3 a week. This made SV.S.OOO per minimi. At leat 1,000 owners ot signs, fruit stand keepeis and boot blacks encroached upon the public domain to an extent which the police thought justified an assessment of $25 si j ear, milking $25,000 per an num. To wind up the list it Is ueces s.ny to put some estimate on, the amount paid by salonnkeepr rs. There are about 7,0U0 salooi keeoers In New York ami at least l.tili ol them violated the law and paid fori It. A moileiate estimate Ibis last total at 2 million annually. "The amount tinned Info the pockets ol the city's blue uniforms by the gamblers is at piesout haul to guess nt. There mo three classes ol those contributors: the gamblers proper, tho pool-loom keepers and the poliey shopmen. A conservative estimate (and it probably falls short of tho fact by hull) guesses that the payments amount to $0,000 a mouth in all, or $72,000 per annum. From till these ligutes the follow ing table is made up: FOREIGN NEWS. (froon poAft; MlTPlliUltfc. I'f'.tlitT.H .. Mnin, f i n f t xl.imN, ImiitltU-! r h.ilnuii 72.WjG .'!). J r.w.ouo NEW YORK'S SCANDAL The New York Frets In a carefully prepared article estimates the amount levied In blackmail by the New ork police in the past twenty-llvo years at 100 million dollars. "It Is doubt ful," It says, "If America realizes tho magnitude of the scandal which Dr. Parklmrst, tho Loxow committee and Mr. doff havo laid bare. Tom Gould's testimony showed that the blackmail has been going on for years. Thus, conservatively com puted, tho total becomes moro stu pendous than has been tho caso In any other official steal in American history. The price charged disrepu table resorts for protection was as well established as is the price of pig Iron or wheat and, unlike them, It did not fluctuate When a dls- reputablo house opened its proprietor was expected to pay $300 to the captain of the precinct as Initiation fee and tho expectation was alwaj'B realized. After that, as long as the hoiiBo was running, a regular contri button of $30 a month was called for. Default In any payment was the sig nal for an Immediate raid. Com plaints were received by the society for the prevention of vlco of 1,435 houses of ill-fame during the past year. Mr. Frank Moir, counsel for the society, cstlmatos that less than one-third of the oxlstlng houses (lr.mil tntnl ... S5.tn.Mili "This of Itself," the I'lexi contin ues, "is larger per j ear than the full Indebtedness ol the states of Ver mont, Delawaie, West Virginia, I'loilda, North Dakota, Wyoming, .Montana, Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, Iowa, Wnrlunglon or Oregon. 'It almost equal. each ear the debt of Ni w Ilanipshiio, South Da kota, Mississippi or Colorado. Thai gives nil idea of what the blood money Icviid early by the New Yoik pollen amounts to. This sys tem came lu vogue in I8U1. Since that lime It is estlin lied that over 100 million dolhi"S has been leeeived 111 blackmail. The bonded debt ol New York statu alone equals this great limine. It U l.ugor than the combined debt of all the wesU rn stales. It is doubtful il in the his tory of America any ono famll.v litis fully owned property aggregating In viduu this stupendous t uni. And yet it ropi-en'iits only what the police ol New Yoik City have demanded and received as bribes to Induce them to break their oaths of olllco and pros titute instead of protect the cli." lvs .i amp vor nu:i. "A.ilese. t.lwlns-." that's is I im-iUrine. uilviHMteil l'.v II.iII'h .J. n rii.ll ol Health In the follnttltiK lihlts.utt Witt . 'l.il.e the iltise: A room without n couch of onte sort Is only half (mulshed. Life is full of ups and downs, and all that saves tho Banity of the mentally jaded and physically exbattst'd fortune-lighter, Is tho periodical pood cry and momentary loss ol consciousness on the up-stnlrs lounge or tho old sofa In tho sitting room. There aro times when eo many of tho things that distract us could be straightened out and the way made clear If onu only had a long, comfor table couch onwhoco soft bosom hi can throw blmtelf, boots and brains, stretch bis weary fiamo, unmindful of tidies nud tapestry, close his tired oyes, relax tho tension of his muscles, and give bis harassed mind u chance. Ten mlnuteB of this soothing narcotic when tho bead throbs, tho soul yearns for endless, dreamless, eternal rest, would make tho vision clear, nerves steady, the heart light, and the star of hope shine again. There is no doubt tho longing to dlo is mistaken for tho need of a nap. Business men and working women want regular and sympathetic doses of dozing; and niter a mossy bank in tho shade of an old oak treo that succeeding seasons have con verted into a tenement of song-birds, thero is nothing that can approach big sofa, or a low, long couch placed in the corner, where tired nature can turn her faco to the wall, and sleep and doso away the gloom. The long-expected battle between the Japanese and Chinese forces at I'ing Yang, in northern Korea, has been fought. The tlNpatcltes pub lished from Suo.il and confirmed from Shanghni leave no doubt thr.t Japan has won a victory that not only puts her In complete possession of Korea but seriously weakens the entile mil itary defense of the Chinese Umpire, llesltles losing a large part of tho llowerot bet- army nnd several of, her ablest officers, China must sulfer iiven more from the moral eifect of so dis astrous' ti rout nud tho display of such unexpected tnctlcs by the Jap anese. After keeping up a Bteatly nud elTeetlvu lire on tbu Chinese front nt i'ing Vang the Japanese sent thiee columns lo make a combined attack upon the Chinese Hanks antl rear. Tho att.tr): was made ht .'i o'clock in Hie morning, and the 20,000 Chinese, finding themselves hemmed in on all side-, were utterly demoralize I and lied in till directions. The Chinese loss Is estim.tttil at three or four thousand killed and Homo 15,000 prisoners, including four generals. The Japanise sav they lost but HO killed ami 270 wounded. The Japanese say that this ends tho war lu Korea, and Hut It Is now meiely a question whether China will submit at once to Jiitot terms ns Japan may dictate, or will take the chance of still more anil heavier disaster, l'.v en before tho battle nt I'ing Yang it was repotted that at Toklo wageis wero being laid that tho Japanese wmild he at Pekin caily III November. Emperor William's Konlgsberg speech ,'tgalnst the Mast Prussian noble is still the chief political topic of pis sS comment in Germany; nnd Willie the recalcitrant nobles disclaim nnj opposition to the Kmprior him I'flf and assert that they hold his adviscis alone responsible, tho breach yet remains, and with no prospect of early healing. Tho military mnneti vits in Germany and Austria havo been curtailed more or less by the cholera epidemic, but havo never theless ri ached large proportions, and have been pronounced satisfac tory by those immediately interested. l"i.i:ico is also well pleased with the evolutions of her armies. Meantimu it Is legatded as significant that Dr. finance, litt'i. declared "that "U16 ' liiisslaii limper.ir is stiongly in favor of peace, and that "If l-'ranco begins a war or is the cause of a war break ing out, Hussia will not sustain her." The multiply lug indications of reconciliation between tho Vatican and the Italian government nro attracting mte h attention and every step in that direction ls closely watched in I'uropeau political circles. Another shadow oas arisen over tho relations between England nud I'r.iiiee, growing out of their rival claims in Afrh .t, tho bone of conten tion p. st now being .Madagascar. Tito obsequies id Count of Paris and Proft ssor Von Helmboltz havo been among the notable events of tho week. mi-: RiwoxstiiLt: parties. John. I. Infills 1 claim, that iintvilh:nndtng tho crie.) of coiruptlon, notwithstanding the walls of the Jeremiahs about the deplorable state of polities, that the people of this country are getting jnst txactly as good government ns they deserve. Thero is a great deal of talk about the senate of the United States beluga "banker's club," about "Sugnr titist senators;" but I stand b re to say that if the United States senate lias in it an Imbecile million aire who does not know enough to answer to the yea and nay of the roll call, he Is there because some con stituency sent him there. Not all the millions ot the Vaiitleibllts mul tiplied by those ot all the Asters can put a corrupt man In any office if the people do not care to have him theio. These men are In power be cause tho peoplo do not attend to their duties. There aro more good peoplo than bad people In this coun try; If there nro not then the gov ernment of the United States should quit business, go into the hands of a receiver and shut up shop. I know thero aro a number of people In this country who love to enlarge their plijiacierics ami go auotii mo streets hanking God they aro not llko othor men. mere nro men who nice to talk about the degrading and con taminating touch of modern politics, who get oil and Hock by themselves because they aro too good to associ ate with their fellows. Hut I notice that such men aro generally very doubtful, and in that respect a man Is likeaiicgg: when It takes an argu ment to provo that he is very good ho is doubtful, and when ho Is doubt ful ho is bad. REFORMING THE GAME. Trout the Mellon Intelligencer, Parents who send their sons off to college will bo glad to learn that the national league has drawn up a code which will mitigate tho brutality of foot ball. The game Is all right but tho way It Is played now causos par ents much uneasiness about tho per sonal safety of their children.