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OF NAVAL YAR
HIS PLEA FOR TORPEDO
D0AT3 WAS MADE MORE
THAN CENTURY AGO.
ANTIDOTE TO SEA POWER
PLAN OF ATTACK IN EIGHT-OARED
GALLEYS DIFFERS LITTLE
FROM MODERN TACTICS.
Befor the Ag cf Steam, th Great
Inventor Aeked th President and
National Legiclature to Organize
Defenie with Great Flotilla of Tor
pedo Boatt Aecerted That Such
Engine Would Mean "Liberty of
the Seaa" DemonaUrtlon cf Their
New York. Prophecy rests In every
t!r.e of a book yellowed by a century
in which are act forth the views of
Hubert Fulton on the lubmarlne war
fire of tho future. Attention ha IWn
called to the old Tolume Just at the
time, when teU of under-eca craft
are In progress, under the direction
of the United State navy. Hardly
an element exist of the art of attack
and defense now used la that warfare
beneath the water but wa recog
nised by the genius to whom the
achievements of steam navigation wrw
Coincident with the celebration of
the centenary of the day on which
K.bert Fulton's first steamship trav
ersed the water of New York harbor
his almost clairvoyant Insight is veri
fied. The volume to which he out
lines his plan 1 entitled "Torpedo
War and Submarine Kxpioslonc, by
Robert Fulton. Fellow of the American
Philosophical. Society and of the I'nlt--ed
State Military and Philosophical
It was printed In 1S10 In tbt city
by Wliliain Elliott, of No. 114 Water
street. On the title page, serving as
a text are the words Tbe Uberty of
the Seas Will le the Happiness of the
Earth." Long before steam and elec
tricity were used as motlre power
for craft these words were written.
Not only did the Inventor foresee
practically all that would coma to pass
in warfare, but by a hundred year he
anticipated the argument which are
now being made by the advocate of
pence aainst the use of the subma
Were he here to-day face to face,
with the nienihor of The Hague peace
conference he would bo in a position
to tiwt every argument which they
might make against employing craft
wh'ch. by sending out torpedoes, dual
-out dehth iiiw'ph.
To President Madison.
His pamphlet Is in the form of an
unofficial rejiort directed to James
Madison, president of the Vulted
States, and "to the member of both
bonnes of emigre." In its opening
pacts Mr. Fulton Invite them to fol
low the origin and progr of torpedo
warfare In order that they might "form
a correct Judgment of the propriety of
adopting It as a mean of our national
He speaks frankly of the difficulties
and embarrassment which he had.
- undergone and gives the Impression
that he realises that the campaign for
the adoption of such a method of war
fare will be beset with obstacles of
Although he de not mention It in
this work, he never was a Mo to put
Into practice the far reaching schemes
for the building of submarine Ixiat
which he had In mind. His proto
type of the ctaft which are now be
ing tested was called tho Nautilus. It
was refused In turn by the govern
nu nts of the I'iiIU J states, of tirrat
UiltAtn and of France.
"I believe that it I stem-rally known
that I enil.-avoied fr many year to
.get torpedoe Introduced Intei practice
In France and England," he write
"which, though unsuccessful. gve me
the opiHrtunlty of making numerous
vety liiletrstitig eiifrlineiit on a
large seal", by which I discovered er-
rois In tho romk-lnatloti of the ma
chlnery and methods of fixing the tor
pcdiM-a to a ship, which-error in the
machinery have been corrected, and I
ttt'hetc I have found mean of attach
ing the turpedoew to a Vessel which
will seldom fill of success, It la the
result of my experience which 1 now
submit U your mini deration, and
hoping ou will feel interest In my In
ventlon, I bog for your deliberate l"'
rusal and reflection."
lrgit!tory i ffort to use torpedoes In
navsl iiilatu had tevn made as early
as the sixteenth centus), but vo ri.i;t
tary cr naval authorities even a hun
dred vcar ago believed It would be
od!hl to iutt-otluce ao irregular
plait of ' lighting-
Hi First Esperlment.
Rotert Fultou was working In P.ng
land under the pitr.nge of two uo-
tile-men when, after iiituh m gotiatj. in,
tie Induced H'Uie of the authorities to
witness ills torpctKi e pei inn tit. The
f iwt of these wan Inn In on i tober 15,
1 so j. npn the brig Iurothta. and It is
l.'BirllM-d la full lu thin remarkable
Its fust illustration represent the
l.rlg being cut Ilteially In two by the
trvmendou explosion which proceed
d from (he torpedo which had been
Jevlt-d for the rMirlnient.
"To convince Mr. I'itt that a vessel
-ould be destroyed by th explosion
f a torpedo uudcr her bottom," writes
Mr. Fulton, "a strong built Danl.th
brig, the Ioroth-a, burthen 2'KI ton,
was anchored In Waltm-r road, near
I aval, and within a mile of Waimer
cactle, th then residence of Mr. I'ltt.
Two boats, each lth eight men.
commanded by I.leut Robinson, aero
put under my dlrt-ctlun. I prepared
two empty torpedoes in uch a man
tier that em h ma only from two to
three pounds specifically heavier than
salt water and so suspended them thai
they hung IS feet under water.
"They were then tid on to each
end of a fctnall vn sU feet long. Thus
arranged and the brU drawing IJ
feet of water, tho Hth day of October
was sjwut In practice. Kac.h boat hav
ing a torpedo In the stein, they
marled fiom the shore about a mile
above the brig and rowed down to
ward her; the uniting line of the tor
pedoes !!ng it retched to it full
extent, the two boata were dUtant
from each other atxiut TO feet; thus
they approM-hed In euch a mtnner
that one boat kept the iarlMiard, the
other the starboard lde of the brig in
Directing the Torpedoes.
"So long as the connecting line of
the tor(edo passed the buoy yt the
brig they were thrown Into the water
and carried on by the tide until the
connecting line showed the brig's
cable; th tide then drove thern un-
lit I -r . . ilw
i r - -w - it-
der her body. The experiment belns
repeated aeveral time taught the
men how to act, and proved to my sat
isfaction that when properly placed on
tho tide the tor-pedoe would Invaria
bly go under the bottom of the vessel."
A far as the expert are concerned
who witnessed the preliminary stage
of th! exiseriment. the whole pro
ceeding wa merely the humoring of
a crack-brained inventor. Among
those t wthora Mr. Fulton explained
hi tor(edo Idea and w hat he intended
to do with the Dorothea was Karl St.
Vincent. The nobleman, after hearing
everything the American genius had
to say, reflected deeply for several
"Pitt Is certainly lhn grvjitcst fl
that ever existed." he remarked at
length, "to encourage a mode of war
which theuo who command the seas
do not want and which. If successful.
would deprive them of it.",
This Inventor continued to the final
stage of hi experiment and filled one
of the toi edie with ISO pounds of
powder and set Its clockwork to 18
minute. The experiment began on
October li, lfcOi, at Cvb o'clock in tho
"My dear fellow." said Capt King
ston, one of the exerts. Just a the
oared torpedo boat wa put under way,
"If that thing were placed under my
cabin I should feet no concern for th
l"rgent business." write Mr. Ful
ton. bd called Mr. Pitt and Iord
Melville to London. Admiral Hollo
way. Sir Sidney Smith. Cept. Owen.
Capt. Kingston, fol. focsreve and the
major part of the offlcr of the Beet
under the command of Ird Kcalh,
"At 40 minute past four the boata
rode to ard the brig aud the torpedoes
were tliown Into the water, the tide
carrying them, as before described,
under the initlom of the brig, where,
at the expiration .f IK iuiiii;... the
explosion api'arcd to ralae her bodily
about six lect. Hie si paiati-d lu the
mbldio, and the to ends went down.
In 0 seconds tioihir.g was to txi
e-u of her, except fi.ialing fragment;
the pumps and foremast were blon
out of her. the fore topsail )ard was
M I I
.i.i i '
thrown up to the ecus trte. th fHur
thaln plates with tl.-lr bouts i;v
torn from her sl-b's, the iiiixeii chain
piute and stiiouits. b tug s'. i nr. c- r
than those of the foremast, or the
shelf being more for aid thsu aft,
the miiien mt was b:-keri off lu
to places; these dls"eiles weie
made by mean of tho piece t.lh
were found atlout."
Thl Is the history of the first really
successful torpedo experiment, i e
Slte the res arches which had l---n
liu lit lu eaillcr ccntuiiea, few of th
naval expert of that dc.y bej'ee1 t! at
powder could explode under water.
The ld-a that th shock of u h an ex
pkialon under tho bottrtru of a vessel
would have any fleet upon It wa
! K--.1 upon as wil l and t t.iinerical.
Predicted Natien'e Crovth.
Singularly enough, Mr. Fulton tat
only forew the txti)i.lon of subma
rine? warfare and the growth of the
I'Dlted States as a naval Mier, but ho
predicted with remarkable accuracy
(ho growth of population. Ill f.gure
could fiot of course take Jnto account
the development of railway, th exist
ence of which lie coull tot fort-tell,
nor of the acquisition of thousands
of square nil!- of additional terri
tory. "The Tnited Staten," he wrltf3. "!
doubling her population In 15 year,
or, with probable correctness, ay .10
Ills table of estimate Is as follow:
lo. io.429.fioi; i-v.o, :n;o,;oi; 1SS0,
40,71K.46; 1S20, J1.4;t6,l.
It hapiiens, owing to exceptional
growth, that the population I now a
much a It should be 12 year from
He quote from Amauld to show
that In 1790 England wa the great
naval -power and that Fraace and
Spain were holding their own. Ho
quote the increasing cost of arma
ment in Europe a an argument for
- i v
' X ' SP j . T
devising inirie mean of destroying
them and thua promoting peace.
"1 will also how, he continue.
"the Increasing resources which, if
science doe not check tt, will enable
England hereafter to support a marine
of 1.5o0 armored ships with as much
ease she now doe tho "60."
In consequence of the Invention of
gunpowder, Mr. Fulton declared that
ships of war bad increased to their
enormous sixe. He conclude by say
Ing that not until science shall point
out the way to destroy ships of war
will it give to the seas the liberty
which shall obtain perpetual peace be
tween nations separated by the ocean.
Us of Torpsdoe Defended.
"In numerous discussions," con
cludes Mr. Fulton, "which I have had
on thl subject and it consequences.
instead of giving liberty to the seas
Its tendency would be to encourage
piracy and buccaneering, by enabling
a few men in a boat to intimidate and
plunder merchant ves-l. thereby
producing greater evil than the exist
ing military marine.
Thl Idea I similar to the one
which might have arisen on the Inven
tion of musketa, which, giving to an
Individual the power of certain death
at a distance of 60 or 100 yards, rob
bers might infest the highway, and
roiu ambush shoot the traveler, and
take hi money. Yet there I not so
much robbery now as before the in
vention cf gunpowder. Society 1
more clvillted. AH clvlllxed society
will lu its own interest combine
against the rob!or, who has no chance
"Hut men without reflecting, or from
attachment to established and familiar
tyranny, exclaim that It Is barbarous
to blow up a ship with all her crew
Thl I admit, and lament that It
should lie necessary; but all wars are
barbarous, and parttrulai ly wars of of
fenac. It is bsrbaroiia for a ship of
war to fire Into a merchant vessel.
kill -art of her l-op!e. take her anil
the property and reduce the proprie
tor from affluence, to penury.
"It wa harbarou to bombard, fo
penhagen. set f.t- to the city and
destroy innocent women and children,
it would be barbarous for ships of
war to eiiter the harbor of New York.
fire on the city, destroy piv;crty and
nurd r many of the p mcuMe inhat'-
ltut. tt e liie grst nns. ii
i-il-tft such, a ii-n of tail-ai'U:u "d
illMrcn unless n eu are t .tu to
prevent It. Therefore. It UM-ped.-v
should prevent uch act .f ioU-nce.
(he liivct.tiou miift l-o humaue."
Him- th dundatlon of the govern
m nt, lu 1T!. thivis states hae fve
blhhi-J It of tie 4S a".oru.-s general
)Vun lanl siiii hlng eight. !
ctu.cli ii-un auj M.rjl.iuJ five.
Th Peysl "tsd.
ftmrrllng Author Why. l Tv1.
horn front effi yui r k'. Wss yonr
last bok erf i-riem a tKC
Ins l'v y .No o, ran t ssy ttat it
Tuh!lrjed a fpu!r novel, t-er-tpr
"Ah, then yoi hv writfesj a -jlsy.
I lave iT J.eld that I'.ir writing,
while not the hthet form of art, wal
"1 Iite written bo !y."
Ton haven't? Wl-ere A,4 th tns
clotba crti:e frcm Hew did ,u say
fur that handsome tornoutT"
"1 av abiindoned lltefatura asd
m p-.iti;g clams." N. T. 'Wttkly.
Responsibility of Officers and Di
EvIdenMy President Klcgsley cf th
New York life Insurance company
ta Wmed the great lesson of the
time with reFp-ct to th responsibil
ity and duty cf director of corpora
tlcr.s. Flaking to the new board C
trustees, on the occasion of hi elec
tion to the presidency, he emphasized
the fct that life Insurance i more
than a private business, that life lav
surance trustees are public servants,
charged at once with the obligation
pub'.lc service and with the respon
sibilities that attach to a going bus!
ness which at the same time mast b
administered as a trust"
He also realizes that similar respon
sibilities rest upon the ot&cers cf the
company. I understand, be says.
your anxiety in selecting the men
who are day by day to carry this bar-
den for you, who are to discharge thl
trust In your behalf, who are to ad
minister for the benefit of the people
Involved the multitudinous and exact
ing detail to which it Is lmposslhls
for you to give personal attention. My
long connection with tbe New York
Life covering nearly twenty years
tcy service in about every branch of
the company's working organlxstion.
gives me. as I believe, a profesnd ap
preciation cot merely of the heavy
burdnn you have placed on my houl-
iers, but of the standard of efficiency,
the standards cf faith, the standards
cf Integrity, which most be main
tained at all times by the man who
serves yon and the policyholders In
this high office,"
Best of all. perhaps, he feels that
words are cheap, and that the public
will be satisfied wiih nothing short of
performance. "My thanks, therefore,"
be continue, "for on honor which out
ranks any distinction within the reach
of my ambition, cannot be expressed
In words; they must be read out ot
the record I make day by iay."
Cellierie Under the Sea.
At Cape lire-ton there axe immense
co'.lerie b-!ng v&rked nader th
Ocean. Ttese subirarine mines cover
a thousand acres, and are being lo
crcasej steadily. The mines are en
tered at the shore, and the operators
follow the vein beneath the water for
more ttan a mile. It might be ex
pected that the weight of the water
would force its way into the mine.
The tx-d of the ocean is a t:ht as
a cement cistern. A sort of flreclaj
line the uhmatln root cf the mine,
and the aedtrnent above la h14 In
place and tacked down by th water
pressure until there is cot a crevice
nor a drop of water from overhead.
Careful Public Guardian.
One of the pillar of the city ordi
nances i a traffic policeman atatloerew
at Fourth avenue and Twenty-third
Street. He lose no opportunity' of
making war on person who drop
banana peel In the street. He
pounces upon an offender and orders
him to pick up the slippery menace
to life and limb and to carry it to
receptacle for waste on the sldewaJka.
New York Herall.
Full Prtulrs Wanted.
When the nurse brought the cheer
ing news to Tcpcrton recently that he
had Just bccme the father of tri; li t.
he betroy-d no par;lc-ular atlla'ton.
"i'.iyT" he grow Imply iu:ud.
"tnlv -iie b-y. xir."
"Weil." aid Topcrton. "go on;
me In upen. One boy
ale th others t ' fkelchy Pita.
COULDNT KCEP IT.
Kept It Hid from th Childrsn,
"We cannot Veep Crape-Nut food la
the houe. it goct s fast I have Ui
tide It, tH suae the chiMrcn love tl so.
It I just the food I have been look!!-.
for ever o U-r.; svturthlr.g that I do
not have to stop to piv t-are and aUU 1
Cirai-e .Nui 1 th r.K't K Icct'-icaily
mad fd on the t.nkct. It i per
fccily and cviuj letciy evK-Ve4 at tt
f.tctory auj cau Id served at an la
tact notice, cither with rich v-:4
crx-m. or with hot n.i'.k If a t-t d.h
Is de:rcd. When milk or w'.-r 1
used, a llttla sugar hmld l-e a ! ted.
but when cell rrv&ui is xim-J a'.cn
the Lituir.l grt;-csui ir. w Li. h ran t
Seen gl;tt.iag on the granalt s, is si.f
fl it u'.ly ect tJ satisfy the px'.ate.
Til grape sugar U t.ot jmuiv-J over
the f im;u'-s, as scr.ie -'i ! think,
but evu-.ics fr m ttie (rrmtU-s la th
process cf r..anu!ACturT w h n th
lo S iUtih cf the grtlr. is .ar.Rd frota
stirxh li crep.-ugar by H j nvrjs
of n.anufictute. 1 i is. la 3-ct. is tie
T.rt act i f d'.g st'-.n; ihcrvfote, tlr;
Nuts f-.il 1 j le 4iv.-,;,l :, J , u.v t
pi'ifivtly asstmllatt-U t y the very
'tVi-il st-.uivh. 'Th-fv a lie--son
M1 at the pure too,! facttirie C-f
the pcaluiu fu- I'st'.ie Irer. Mich.
U'S the little kj:h classic; Th
J -t A A ' W ' , .
INCIDENT, OF TH t Ft8CLLIC. j
BrTiv toiler Wk De'ed M;e Ceve j
Af!tc (S.a War Wll Ovtr '
T! wr i crt-r, - l.1 rr-
r:-1-H. J ? fcv-ft had g;vu ia,
''-n Kl.ty Kr.-.::h Is! !,;; f. r.ss-
ters, arid the r'.r.'.t that tid e
it piit doo rV": '
thouiM t- titt.e had co.-he Us tty
rjlght :i "torn iher tajy ft
tomari ti:-ir l"r r-dn!ti htse "
There wa a d;JTrene of r ;1r.'cn h.
t-r. the oS'.cers aid tie -i'r!'-d
mn. The rrn eor'-how or e?5.-r f- .t
that, 'he wr U-it'5 over. 5; ;;.'..&
sv.en:d be tci-irsbly r-!ii The
cheers felt, 'he wtr beirsg at as x1.
our former -tn.s t-irig iv cr
friend, the vi'jtl FTnE?"tt t j ; i. fi-e
should be maintained, lest p-rrLx'-e
h t.-Jer st:bi '.tss of the p-t i
anjor.t wbom we w j.n-r-l
might be CSi'urb-d.
The habit cf forarlcg is cne tist
is easiiy acquired, aid. like all b4
habits, diflrult to diicard. write
William A. Ketrham in ladifcp
S'ar, and oecasi.wi'.:y r-ompUicTs
were received that corn Is the car or
melon in the field 5iA;.per by
night without quid pro q-jo be:r.g left
wltb the former owner, and Tlg.'.anc-e
to prevent uch Itrprjper road act
wa redonbied. Finally one of the oid
boy vs caught with the gls on
his person and. as a wartir.g to evil
doer, was tii tp by the thrtib ia
front of the coinman-inct' quarter,
the commandant being the color.! of
the regiment. Wfces the word ctnve ta
the regiment that oae of the be-? s that
had served four and or.ehslf year
wa subject to the tcEtlia'ion of b
ing tied np ty the thumb in front of
"I Might a Welt D Here for Liberty
a Anywhere Eise."
the colonel" quarter for a few nilser
able ears of corn, ext ifercent ran tish
and In a few ruoments a rcue i-arty
wa organlicd. at the head of whkb
wa the orderly ergeant of Company
. a ce;hew of Thadlc-u Srevens.
the grand old commoner and a devoie
to liberty. The fairly movcv! down to
the colonel quarters ia breal 4ay
light without asking leave or license
of the colonel, cut their comraJe'a
bond and brought him bark to the
regtn-.ean in trtsmrh. The etk-ael
wa outra;c4. He was a g:ict offi
cer; had b-gun a a lad In April, ItoJS.
ss sergeact c fouii-atty ; hal as
cended through every griJe cvc--l,
first l.eutrnant., taptaln. iuit. lieu
tenant cii).-nel and finally s: tho
fie atrilecf his shoulders while b
as yet in tie rye of ti U an In
fant, lucoe.i; ctt r.t to make a cc tract,
but e !:;- rent to romsxar.l a tt
mi Et if - -3 c. n a i-f . ' i I - .
i U-en twic n.t nt:r.ej in gccctal or -
ter for ronsplcuoi: ga:;i:itr U3r
fire, 1 ut he was wit! a! a rtj; J d;s-
clptinariaa k.J gosl f. a! of a e ar
tint t, an t t.ep he tea: ur-,1 vf the out-
?Se that tad l.-en per pet rtej i;;f
military diM-lplise it
took but lit-
t::ie for him to get a guard ; i.-r. j
come u ine regtnient na arrvt tre
nnsleaJ-r. the orderly r-t-ant afore- f
sat-1. an! fcae tim tava to th j
puariSri.w.sw, S--r he rate tr.e con-
o'.il, I if Lim. it g'iaij was i
i n arstivr'y new, but ihey taew
-. :-.it--. h ! r g if Its ci'. !-r as a sol-
and he s a --irii-,l s. l.;u-r
He ought ic have had a ca;-ta:a' t!!te i
to hi tiar, ait i dv-u! a Would '
have hai l-ut I r a fatal tx.,i-iin.ent !
tn ht vh the r?ii! c-f
It fcarv-i ttt lr tl.e t.;o
r at- '
t! u k-s :t w,.u'i thx-x t. r---.a'y
lor hiai ;o lilve the rv;.. :. j;.J at '
would c;h a t t a'i fee ! be ;
itufvi.rs uutii after tt. bai was J
nit'f with she cvme-(.v i' f f f I f
fro." s"i', l.a'.Mrf ia fe! fcr.rva !. It,
ui.t 1 af.tr tit -, rgcn.-v 11 t j
ard - I- hid -:-.i .. '.: lie t:
)a li - ta il, These m- n. bowevef. f
kn. w r! e tvS .- . . i t- was it.a.!. j
arsJ ta he -mr-r so t, t e i
Ct .'. -.il iv:uai4. fca'.d t! at he aou'.d
ki'.l :. Can !.( uv. ic-:lo k j ti-.
hua tbey k- -w i'::at tt as Bv-t. aa
lie ttieat ar. 1 thru l,-:'.a!e.l Th
Cx.k.Crl !. H.a'. -r l- bis it n
iai '.s. l-v.t 1 a vta", jiiao wh:
the i-rlcrty r.-ai,t Wrihd t
ct ti". rt-ce aud Wax a lv- (li U.aa,
and a a twj't of a few inoti.entV
niatuai en.?. i!-S tl 0"t -(l
g'-..at ti ; ;:r4 f.wsa the Wal. IS
r i r mi
j J i- a s- r
fc I 111 IS
I'.'S ' 1 t'.-. fr.- fa.X . tJ !'
r-.n;r.4.i 1 to f Tb ra-r.e
t" :'t '. the wcicif V, - ?.i.'y ex-;-e'i-!ig
m t.- r"-i-i. i:tv.1f
ts t. rslT'-??. Is' :-". !' f
?! -tC:f'S) tt f. re' l.f.
in' r-7t K was. lit
cr.;,-4i rw-i'-l e--t tt
f.e '"- carrv ti rjf'S
ir 1 "'is
n lY.i Jie tf fv rr.-sdl
Vl-g;a and t. Oil Tar Ifl r
! .-! "a I'jVir.! y ff-
r!-ftt d-'1'-' f t'UL.'a f;f
?..r,r.r Tie cr-ii.-aJ ! f vuvl ia f.'.t
rv4ft'!rr.e f.r r'. -g-s n 1 1
l!s cr.rr.-ssr. ! r - f:r irs-i
s- r.t tiers t t (' ' ; : y r.
tti.- t '.- ts tii a-r-.! i;.f -t--.
?,-tr.jf li.-a S4',-Jtx Tu
g-vard carr-e sd w;?S ? -
gvtT. :'-.-6::y ta txt V-fe'i-C se
h'.r.i t'.i'ir, N'r.!tr i, !s-e-ts
tse e-rai,t a.z.4 t?j -',wi,
tvt cr.;-' :! C..-e-!-l ti g-iri t
i-jai f.t.iT g-iox. Tfcy Vi-i He
tr--. i cL.3 ti jrirr.e. Tt-ey frtT-e-i.
"N''W." he :e t !t wv
wrfc aa c-fc. "if ie ri -. k;i: t :-.
t cy 4-
htw or.e tr.K. w-;t s;
frott c-f tins. h: e-re r ti trA-ys'
r ! ft fcre-r i.a..'e. ar-.-! Le
'. !'?. -I . :r ya-s t- l a i t f
g I '.:ri J.iJ txX !vl. tf E be-.
l.-e f-.T Lvr.y. I E.utrt sa w.1 i.t
k- for !ivry a asywtee '. af
ty th erercAl t nS a toirw
wr4 I ;n : ifiew f -trrl - to
Is.jita tiiwl" Ke aor cf t,ie
gr? of tfce kw4 aa4 Mrtei for ti
Tiro!er. Th eoioft-ej o-i4 tin e."3
to "Cre." t-.-t tie or4r w eS.--ML
Th arest tte ffy
of !l-;-i'j- ia the Carres
t-iae. The r-r1!-tt ca i.-.-sj aij
was kj--.J eit. fton ai J jIvs'je
ai:k. The T' t as: .ra sr.4
was fc-.t"H est xr:'!i as fe-a'nVir
discharge. -;: ti-e ciisf-r ei'rts
to -r-re::t it.
The cv'.ctI ta k.tg r.' . W-a
g:Le--i tt lu fa;he-w. Ti. ergKar.
cty aid Ciif y-sti i acjiw--l
The Al ti.'. V-t I ktal! n-rr.
hi 5,f lasrs, frget tie ';.
IT1 iie bfcre 1 11 go to la-lta u-!"
HI FIRST ENCACEMESfT.
How the Sold.er Who Ran from tfca
Eeewy Became Brave F j-t.(tr.
C'M MoSy, wbo cocaan44 ti
Mchy fx-rru'-a daring tie civil Wi
wa so aiaiire4 and bEke-l by hi
wu, write the author of "Rejeia!.
etnees cf a Moty Omerrt::,- that ti
ra:aisd were never qaestxmed.
They wo-jii undertake the een!ingy
impossible at a word cf sax gtmuxa
Ia th Lujt part of the Erryvnie
affiir. when teams were nzneiss w "i
in every d;rwt:oa and the coafusioa
3 tVnisd frjnr-ln tar.d train cf tig by
attached to a heavy pcra&Ie arrtv
j forge wtkh had bercrtie urt r.n tbe
sti-ugyiic; fa vaia ta fr- tto:tvea
Turning to me. be crd-red me tc
tale a man and extricate the stn
fr!-3 the tangle thy were la. an I
brirsg tLea o.it ;:?. Th&t St-ua-iei
Jut as easy as If he fcsl said. "Ti.
a c'.gar." b'.f I did cot Cai ft sa I
took with rrx a jcving fellow who had
-viiied the ecBisnaad. only a few diy.
When we ga'.locxi-d n? to the strus
glir.g tera ted beta ta tistans'.e
thern we were r-l !p.-n hy a i it tf
Infsatrytr.ea tiJdr'B behind a sooe
f-nce. V.'hew the ra!a of bclletj Sat
twl acainit the tntaj of the fo:g
it W7undvj as If there were- a tboasacd
cf them, and Buy jonttt cottpsnn.
this beirtg hi first esgageceat. tt
pled ever la a d-ad faint.
!t w eo t!e: Jttst then t; Vk
a'ter a ick En, for cur fcorsi were;
fras'.tc wl"h f-r and iirltai)t. aal
I tsJ to hci'.J hoti tf theta b.-a t-.
boy fell. I let !.:ra Ite wiser be was,
aad la time g;-t r,y teaca usax'el
acJ tlvt cur!-. I vii Jjt r !.) t:
ld tk.C!3 out when my )vmo;t!-r
rvivJ. (..'ting u? ia a sur;is'.--4
war. 1 urT;e-i (ti tlj h.re r?l gaJ
h f-i i l. Ici!;t nj lo nioun! dy
ta'l i-J rtn-jir a ad get ny tata,
cut a U ! I cc",;,L
Tt't h. dt-ic:.. ;d i;;to cr.e -f
j best sJ .!!-; ta the c--niB 1. sal
I tsut ! tre raj i t IS ' a u, tear
i 'he front in eery enxgeiuect. Thi
j was or, c ? she a a tiixtrt til t.)
b. t:iltiOtJ lu"o our rv.
H lntr,j t West Pant
I a aa!i"ii4 to a ti-at on th !-ft
I cf the s' :r-'. tccu; -4 by 9-)th-c
Vrt liut t-l. br and a yi-r',:r.
j Nig-'.l f.r.at'.y caae. I tsd Sit a can l'e
I aai. with nit- !o ke. for a taV!e. w
wrtti-iis a W-ttr to ti nx-ih-r 1 Jar
io tt was slii'Uiy t-ti'!s;h wSea
c:t-ie s'r-ivs It ba.k cf the !;::
wtth a trw-in. not cr.ty erteriihte;
tho aui. bat i-;.;:njt the t::x a'i
oir te le'tcr and co to the trtit ti-wr.
i i K! t i"-f!v !:r ibe -n.t: a.-.n an.J
j taseu Sovunt cf the ;'Uitt.a wfc-sx
j t.i;' t-U Xh brt,s'a;. blytsn-.ij It cut
tti ". Tti-rei.-;.'n 1 ut dou ii the
i tla' ste and h t its hour 'r .
', Ijttvr on ia the ti',tt fa:!i-.
1 Ncje. :i-tct"- te sal Waits ant
" o'her. va-.i vi-i in eat cf tt J w !
.'.nits, fit- iii -oss, nuinowa. aal w-:a
Oaluiai .i uarf to o( -n ti tent
!a lc one, I ttou I thluii. I -r ri
bji tw i::;-.iil n. wi-o. 0a. Mr-
I lis Ar.?. In AtU;-tic Tlse tweet --t '
etittr ttat Ct-u! I hae K it l . i t. i tar
j Weill i-aw br-a lie laik t:v it
', f-1 . it, of t'-.c c'4 h, ii vl-S I tut I tal
; tuu'.t J and la4 w: h s a boy.
Weal K a jar Fa 's Cos's
Ta an ?!-. meal n'.jii-v.- tti b--aj'y
. ttt) fa'.'.s is .'li" V at d'Uill
rr3e-t t'-l l- iJ"'-" 'sk-
- (l vvf Is w
rll tsjrw thsia ll.-i..