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The Lincoln County Herald
PBDLtSllHD EVERT TltURSDAT nr THEO. I. FISHER. LINCOLN COUNTY HERALD. TERMS OP ADVRRTIHINF.. Ono Square (10 l(nei)orlcs,one lniertlon,..fl 10 Each additional Insertion Tl Administrators' Notices , 3 OS Final Settlement Notice , 3 00 Stray Notices (single stray) it Ofl Each addlttonnl stray In same notice .. 1 00 sT A Liberal Deduction will be made to yearly advertisers. I. OH A YE A R IN ADTANCE SINGLES COPIES FIVE CI4NT8, VOL. 7. TROY, MO., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 29, 1872- NO. 9 CIIAS. MARTIN, Jr., ATTORNEY AT LAW, TROY, MISSOURI. l ILL practice In nil tho Courti of the Third VV JadicUl District. Special attention given t the collection of debti. v6n3 IB. W. WHEELER? Attorney at Law and Notary Public, NEW HOPE, no. 'ATT-ILL attend to any profe-slonal business In VV flio Co'irti of Lincoln, Warren, Pike and Montgomery countiei. ep7'71n36yl GEO Ii. COLLIER, PHOTOGRAPER, TROY, MISSOURI 3ALLERY SOUTH OF DALLINOKR'S OKUQ STORE. Photograph Albums and Picture Frame For Sale at Lowest Prices. ,pf Call and look at my pietufei. tp7n38 T. J. WEBB, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Troy, Missouri, W ILL promptly attond to legal business. Special attention given to Collecting. eSJ- OIBce with J. 1). Allen, in tho old 1. 0. Mldlng. V0n29yl J. 0. GOODRICH. W. W. BIRKHEAD GOODRICH &BIRKIIEAD, DENTISTS, TROY, MISSOURI. DR. BIRKHEAD will be in the office all the time. Dr. UOODRICH will only bo here from time to time, due notice of which will bo circn. Gas for tho PAINLESS extraction of leeth administered at all times by Dr. Dlrkbeail August 31, 1871. v6n26yl IT!. IV. illcLEIiLAN, JTI. !., PHYSICIAN AND SUIIKHON, Troy, jVIitsisoYivi. Office at M. S. Ballingcr's Drug Store Re C. MAGRUDEH, ATTORNE. AT LAW, CAP-AU-URIS, MISSOURI. Will practice in the Courti of the Third Judical District, vOni A. V. McKEE. W.M. FRAZIER. McKEE & FRAZIER, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, TROY, MISSOURI Will practice in nil tho counties of the Third J uillciui Circuit, and In tho Supreme Court of the itate. inch iy U LTO & CREECH, ATTOUNKYS AT LAW AMI HEAL ESTATE AGENTS, TROY, MISSOURI. Will uraciico in nil Iho Oourts of tho Third Judicial Circuit, and tho Supremo Court of the fltate. All business entrusted to their care will be rromptly attended to. OITice over Dr. S. T. East's Drug stoio, Ofllco bours from V a' in. to 4 p. in. vo!0n2 F. T. WILLIAMS, ATTORNEY AT LAW notary' puniiic, WARREItTOiY, MO. January 1, 1869 Inly A. II. BUCKJVER, ATTORNEY AT LAW, ST. CHARLES, MO., Will attend to any professional business in the vourn oi Lincoln, warren, Montgomery.and St. Charles, and in the District and Supreme Courti. v5nlyl HENRY QUlOLEY. EUGENE N. B0NFIL8. QUM.LEY & BOiFlLS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Conveyancers d-Iieal Estate Agenh, TROY, Is&O., WILL practice in the various Courts of tho Third Judicial DliHict (Pike, Warren, Montgomery and Lincoln). Having been en. gaged for two yean past in making an nbstraot cf title of all real estate In Lincoln county, they have necnllar fAnlllfta. fa r,nl.l.iH v.-. notice a complete abstract ot title' of all the annua iu B.m cuuuiy. July 28, 1870. SIXTY-FIVE FIRST PRIZE MED ALS AWARDED. THE GREAT Baltimore Piano Manufactory WM.KNABE&CO., Manutacturera or GRAND SQUARE AND UPRIGHT PIJYOA FORTES, 13 atimore, IVTcl. These Instruments have been before tho Public for nearly Thirty Years, and upon their excel 'lence alone attained an unpurchated prt-tminence, 'which pronounco them unequaled In TONE, TOUCH. WORKMANSHIP Ami DURABILITY. our flQuarc Plftnoa have our New Im proved OviiiTBuno Bcalk and Agrafle Treble. tVfWt would call ipecial attention to ou late ratented Improvement! in GRAND PIANOS and SQUARE GRANDS, found in no other Piano, which bring the Piano nearer Perfection than has yet been attained. Every Piano Fully Warranted fur Five Yean. Illustrated Catalogues and Price Lists prompt ly furnished on application to WM. KNAUE 4c CO., Haltimore, Md. Or any of our regular established agencies. novDnlomO. Notice. fTUIE PARTNERSHIP of Silver, Runner, - Klrkham A Co, has been dissolved by Men. J t'i "n1 ,,un"er disposing of their Interest In the Link and Upson coal lands In Lincoln eountv, -i ii is expected mat thty, with others, llA0.on eet llabilltlei therein. U6s7 xftH. CHASM. VALUABLE FARMS FOR SALE McKEE & FRAZIER, Attorneys at Law and Real Estate Agents, TROY. MISSOURI. 120 Acres No. 1 Two and half miles west of Troy on Truxton and Danville road. Large brick dwelling house 44 by 52 feet front, 8 rocms with hall on first story and crosi halls on second story, fire place In each room, ceilings 12, 10 and 8 feet, cellar 18 by 20 feet with stono walls. Living well of pure water and plenty ol stock water on farm. 70 acres in cultivation, fine orchard of select fruit of all kinds ; all the land under fence. On road leading to coal fields. At low figures and terms to suit purchaser. 80 Acres No. 2 One milo north ot Troy on Louisville road. Nice one story cottago dwelling with 4 rooms) 1 mile from St. L. 3c K. railroad. 40 acres in cul tivation ; young orchard of select fruit, begin ning to b.ar. Low figures and terms to suit pur chaser. 204 Acres No. 3 Throo and. a half miles routh of Troy. A splendid farm, over 100 acres in cultivation, a good dwelling with 7 or 8 rooms, 2 new barns, good outbuildings, plenty of using and stock water, on a nubile road, a fine orchard of select fruit and small fruits, a fine garden paled in. Dwelling stands on a nico elevation with nice vard. Entile farm under fenca and everr acre susccpttblo of cultivation. Splendid tract of tanu, a very acsirauie nome,and is ottered at very low figures. 320 Acres No. 4 Four miles routh of Troy on Mexico road. 200 acres in cultivation, prairie land, frame dwelling with 0 rooms, good orchard of select fruit, Is a fine stock fajro, good barns, plenty fine timber to keep place up, plenty using snd stock water, in a good neighborhood acccssablo in all directions. Good stand for public house and finding quarters. Will sell part or all to suit purchaser. Price vory low. 40 Acres No. 5 Threo miles north of Troy, 20 acres in cul tivation, a comfortable house, excellent land, and will u ake a good littlo home. Very cheap. 100 Acres No. 6 Four miles south of Troy, 70 acres in culti vation, log dwelling with 3 moms, meat house and barn, good well of living water and a small orchard of fruit trees. Half mile of district school house, half mile wost of Sand Run church, same distance from Post Oah and In a good neighborhood. Very cheap and desirable. 120 Acres No. 7 On the Bluff adjoining the farm formerly owned by T RCornlck, Kq., 00 acaes in cultiva tion, balance In timber. Good frame dwelling with three rooms, good cistern and a well ol never failing water. Flvo miles west of Cap-au Oris, in a good neighborhood. 700 bearing fruit trocs of select fruit. Very fine chance to make money by purchasing this place. 200 Acres No. 8 Four miles north of Troy, 70 acres In a good state of cultivation, 2-story log dwelling house 18 by 20 with L 16 by 26, 4 rooms in all, orchard of select fruit of nil kinds, 1 mile west of St. L. & K. railroad, very fine spring of never failing water near the house, convenient to school and churches, in good neighborhood, nnd at very low figures. 4 Lots in Troy. No. 10 Nico piece of property in Troy a block of 4 lots, with comfortnhlo dwelling, good garden, yard, Ac, on one of the finest streets In town. Cheap for cash. 104 Acres No. 11 2 miles east of Chantilla, log dwelling with 2 roo'ns, meat houso and excellent cistern, plenty of stock water, 40 acres In cultivation, at low figures and 03 easy terms. 2 Lots in Troy. No. !2 A good piece of property In tho town of iroy z iois, dwelling nouse anil meat house, enclosed with good fence, on a fine street, and commands a splendid view of the town. Cheap for cash. 1100 Acres No. 13 Of land situated in Lincoln and Piko coun ties on tho waters of Bryant's creek, in survey 1737, within 3 miles of a boat landing on tho Mississippi river, nnd is divided into lots of about 200 acres uacb. All this land Is very val uable, possessing a soil unsurpassed for produc tive ness, with an abundance of water for all purposes, peculiarly adapted to fruit growing and stock raising, with extensive improvements on each and every lot, and tho uncultivated por tion covered with the finest timber In northeast Mlsssouri. All In an excellent neighborhood, of easv access to churches and schools, and from which teams can make three trips to the river in a day. For sale in lots to sutt purchasers and on terms most liberal indoed. Persons desiring homes which will pay and be a blessing to them selves and posterity, could not do better than buy one or all of these splendid lots of land. 257 1-2 Acres No. 14 On the Mississippi Bluff, 7 miles west of Cap au Oris and 7 miles southeast of New Hope, on the Bluff road, 90 acres In cultivation, balance In fine timber. Framo dwelling with 5 roms, tol erably good out buildings. 4 or 5 neverfailine springs on tho place, good cistern near door of dwelling, young orchard or select rruit, near to Baptist and Christian churches and school house, 3 miles from Robinson's mill and store, in a very fine neighborhood, splendid wheat, corn and stouk farm, tho very place to make you a good homo and to get your money back on. Pilce very low and terms to suit purchasers. Be in a hurry else you will be left out in the cold. Lot In Troy. No. 15 Lot No. 75 in Troy, a good property of 4 lots, dwelling with 4 rooms, nice yard, horse and eow lot, a young orchard of select fruit, cood garden, in a desirable part of town, on a fine street and command! a fine view or tne town. At low flsrurca and terms to suit the nuruhaser. Buy before tho St L 3c KRRIi completed, and thereby secure yourself a handsome profit. Troy Properly. No. 16 "Here is the place to get your money back." The Poensalot property on Main, Cherry and Union streets, three store rooms, one fronting on Main and Cherry streets, the other two fronting on Main street, all one-itory frame buildings ; and on the samo lot and immediately back of the store room on tho corner of Main and Cherry 1b a one-story framo dwelling with 4 rooms. This proporty occupies the very best location In the town of Troy for any kind of mercantile busi ness, and will be sold at very low figures and on terms exceedingly generous. If you desire the best business stand in Troy you will find it to your interest to be up and doing, else you will lose a bargain worth having. 140 Acres. No. 17 LOOK HERE, YE STOCK MEN I 140 acres In a fine state of cultivation, 100 acres in grass, balance ready for any kind of grain, all under good fencing in 3 fields, on the Troy and Auburn road, a part of the Jonah Morris farm, 7 miles fram Tror and 3 miles south from Auburn, plenty of stock water, 2 buildings; also the un divided ono fifth part of 200 acres of good tim bered land one mile west of the 140 acre tract, which is also a part of tho Jonah Morris farm. These lands are within a short distance of the St L 3c K R R. are very valuable and In a good condition to yield an hundred fold. Prioe 91,000, too cheap to talk about, terms liberal. sUf Parties wishing to sell or buy wilt consult their own interest by calling on us, niCKISli trltAZfl!iKi 300 ACRES OF LAlf II FOB tS-AJLiE. Cf) ACRES well improved. Situated 6 miles JU west of Troy, Further nartloular'i onn be obtained at tho Tailor Shop, i doors west of I ockioa k Halt' store. tie M. C71 STATE SOVEREIGNTY. Iti Consideration In the Colonial and State Uulnni, Tht Clearfield Republican gires the following interesting history of our Colo nial and State unions, clearly establishing the right of state sovereignty, as held by the founders of the Htpublio. It is an able article, and will bear careful peru eal, both as regards the sound doctrine contained therein and its historical fact. : We propose in this paper to give a brief sketch of the sovoral unions which hare existed betwen the colonies and sovereignties, in order to give the reader a clearer idea of the principles of confed eration on which they have been based. This will porhaps help a certain class of willfully stupid politicians to a better understanding of the present Fedoral Government. One painful conviction crowds itself upon our mind, and we ex press our deep humiliation in confessing it to the world, that a great majority of our statesmen, and especially the members of the United States congress, are totally and stupidly ignorant of (he true charac ter of the Fedoral Union. In 1042, we find the first colonial union formed be tween tho colonies of New England, un der tho title of "ZVie United Colonies of Alew Lnglana, and a "perpetual league of friendship and amity." Its designs was a common defense against the In dians of that section and the Dutch of New Amsterdam, this being then the nsmo of the New York colony. Tho Puritans looked upon the Dutch with supreme contnmpt, and regarded them as an infidel and ungodly people. The sim ple reason for such hatred was that the Dutch were not of the Puritanic, or Sa tanic faith, did not roast Quakers, drown It jptintp, hang witches nor scourge hu raanity whenever and wherever they got the power. The New England Union, with the ever grhspiug instinct of Puritanism, had provisions for onlsrging it by taking oiher English colonics in. But for some reason it was uevcr enlarged, and it took five years, limited as its numbers were, to perfect it, on account of tho jealousy ot each in relation to its perfect independ ence of the other. Observe the pride of State even in these comparatively helpless communities. The Union wss a purely federative organization ; or what its name declared, a league, in which each colony retained untrammelled its own internal separatencss and independence of the rest. By tho influence of Massachusetts, Rhode Island was kept out of the New England union, the ground of its rejec tion being that the Rhode Islanders were dissenters from the doctrine of the Puri tans. In this union no general govern ment was acknowledged, except 'Com missioners," whose duty it was to regu late tho affairs of the common organiza tion. But through the machinations of Massachusetts these commissioners soon began to arrogate powers which did not bolong to them by the articles of thecom pact, until finally, this usurpation hemm ing intolerable to a majority of the col onics, they caused the dissolution of the union in 1673, which ended the first "perpetual union" of the Americal colo nies, after a short and restless life of thirty years. In 1690, Massachuscts addressed a proposition to all the coloniea as far aouth as Maryland, to meetiu convention at Now York, to form some combination or union. This was responded to only by delegates from New York, Connecticut and Massachusetts, and resulted in noth ing; but an agreement betweon these three to furnish each its share of troops for the invasion of Canada. In 169G, Massachusetts and New, York made another effort to form some kind of a union, in order to induce each colony to contribute ita share toward the general defense. It was not proposed to form a closer union, becsuse they knew it would not succeed. Afterwards several efforts were made to have a Captain-General ap pointed by the King, with power to call out the militia, and a proposition was made by Gov. Penn, of Pennsylvania, to form a colonial congress of twenty members, to be elected annually, and a President who should be appointed by the King, with power in time of war to provide for the general defense, to regulate commerce in time of peace, &o., &., all of which was rejected because of the then existing prejudice agsinst any Hort ot colonial union. Even the slightest approach to colonial union was bitterly opposed by some of the colonies, and the whole thing resulted in nothing except to establish courts of admirality among the colonial governmenta. Again in 1753, when the French were making raids upon the soil of Pennsylva nia and Virginia and all along the Ohio river, Lord Holdernes proposed a meet ing at Albany of all the oolonies, to re new the treatiea with the Indians, and devise suob other means a might be neo essary for their mutual protection. The meeting took place in 1754, but was only represented by delegates from Pennsyl vania, New York, Maryland and the four New England colonies. A proposition was introduced for a union of all the ool onies, and a committee of one from eaoh colony was appointed to draft a form for a tinion, Dr. .Franklin suggested a grand council of forty-four members, as follows, vit : Six from Pennsylvania, seven from Massaohsetts, aeven from Virginia, five from Connecticut, fonr front Maryland, two from mod or the Carol int, thier from New Peyser, two from New Harm- ahire and twa from Rhode Islnno. The cewncil was te hero povtr to ppojtiun betwren tne eoiwios tne rjuxrUH at h. and money, to arraAgo colonial defense, Vc, &c, to have a bead appointed by the King, with the title or "l'midsnt Uen eral," who was to have n veto power. This was promptly voted down, on tho ground that it gave the crown too much power. In the following year a conven tion was called in Now York for the pur pose of forming some united action against tho stsmp act. It was in session three weeks, but did nothing but make a "Declaration of Mights and Grievances." Tracing tho colonial history, we find thnt for ten years longer the same almost unconquerable repugnance to any sort of political union existed, until in Juay, 1775, tho increasing exactions of the crown caused n grand convention to as semble on the 10th of May, at which a union of all the colonios was effected under the following style and title : "Articles of Confederation and Perpct ual Union entered into by the Delegates of the soreral Colonics, io., in General Assembly mot, ot Philadelphia, May 10th, 1775: "Art. 1st. The namo of this confed eracy shall henceforth be the United Col onies of North America. "Art. 2d. The United Colonics hereby severally enter intoa firm league of friend ship with each other, binding themselves snd their posterity, for their common defense against their enemies, for the se curity of their liberties and properties, the safety of their persons and families, and their mutual general welfare. "Art. 3d. That each colony shall en joy and retain as much as it may .think fit of its own present laws, customs, rights, privileges, and peculiar jurisdic tion, within its own limits; and may amend its own constitution as shall seem host to its own Assembly or Convention. $ H H Art. 1,1th. These articles shall be pro posed to the several Provincial Conven tions or Assemblies, to be by them con sidered ; and if approved they ore ad vised toempowor their delegates to ratify the samo in tho ensuing Congress ; of tor which tho union thereby established is to continued firm till the terms of reconcil iation proposed by the last Congress to the King aro agreed to ; till reparation is made for tho injury done to Boston, by shutting up its port ; for burning Char leston ; and for the expense of this un just war; and until the Britti.h troops arc withdrawn from America. Un the arrival of these events the colonies aro to return to their former connection and friendship with great Britain ; but on failure thereof, this confederation is to be perpetual." This, although the second colonial union, considering the New England union of 1643, was tho first union that embraced all the American colonics. It was under this union that General Wash ington was made Commander in-Chief of the armies of the United States. By resolution of Congress, July 2, 1776, the namo of the confederacy was changed from "Colonies" to "States," On account of the fortunes of war and other causes, the Congress was of a somewhat migratory character. It met at Philadelphia in August, 1776, and adjourned to meet at Baltimore on December 20. From Balti tuoroit adjourned to meot at Philadelphia strain, on the 12th of March, From Philadelphia it flitted to Lancaster, tlnn withdrew to York, and receded back to Philadelphia, and from there went to Princeton, New Jersey. Here the title clearly expresses the na turo of tho union, viz: a " Confederacy of the United Uulomet and a "ram league of friendship." The meaning of the word federal, from tho Latin fcedut, means a Issgue or cove nant. In this sense wo find it applied to contracts between eovcreign coloniss, for tho colonics asserted their sovereignty or right over the things agreed upon, by this very act of federation. Prior to the es tablishment of the union between them, tbey wero distinct and independent of sch other, and, if wa are to believe the record they left, that it was a "league of friendship, and no more, tbey wote no loss so afterwards, save in matters of ex ternal defense and oommon interests, Although the 'union of 1775 was styled "perpetual," the same parties that formed it broke it up in the second year of Inde pendenceabout three years after they had established it: Congress formed new articles of federation on the 1st day of November, 1777, and by the adoption ol the articlea seceded from the general gov ernment they had formed less than three years before. They went out in the fol lowing order: New Hampshire, Massa chusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Virginia, South Carolina and Pennsylvania on July 9th, 1778; North Carolim, July 21st ; Georgia, on the 24th ; New Jersey, on November 26th ; Delaware, February 22d, 1770, and Maryland on Marob 1st, 1781. The process of seccfinn thon must have been of the Greeley kin J, peaceable, for it oc cupied nearly three years, as the dates above show. First eight States seceded from the old into the new compact, This left but five remaining ; then one went out, then another, in four months on other, and in six months another, and finally, in two yeara more, the last, Mary land, which closed out the "Perpetual Union" established in 1775, There oan be no!questien as to the ob ject and character of iho new union. The title and tint tnree articles ot reledera tion make (hat perfectly plain : Art. "I. The style of tbls confederacy shall be, "The Hotted Slates of America." Art. "Ii. Each state retains its sov ereignty, freedom and tndopendeni-e, and every power, jurisdiction and light, vhicfc u not by thin aoruederatian ex nressla dtltirattfd to the Unite Ssatas Congress assemble. "Art. III. The said states hereby sever ally enter into a firm league of friendship with oach other, lor their common do fenco, tho security of llicir liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, Linding themselves to assist each other, against all force offered to, or attacks mado upon tbrra, or any of thorn, on account of relig ion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pro tenco whatever." Tho diffcronco between the articles of the new and the former union is, that tbey wero more complcto, and wero only designed to make tho union between these sovereignties mora porfuct. The perpetual sovereignty of each state is affirmed and preserved. But these second articles of confedera tion wero soon discovered to be defective, io soma points of vital interest. The war of Independence had necessarily created a heavy debt, and the articles of confederation gave Congress no adequate power to provide for this. They had no greenback presses. The yoar after the peace with England wns declared, in 1785. the "Grand Army" of the United Slates of America was reduced to eighty soldiers, and Congress had not money to psy even these. Nobody wanted the bonds then 7 3-10 in gold and no tax. Mr. Mcdison, speaking of this troublo, said, "The frail and tottering edifice was ready tn fall upon our beads and crush us beneath its ruins." To relievo the coun try fiom this financial difficulty, Virginia proposed a convention of tbo States to deviso some plsn of co-operation, and the convention met at Annapolis, in Septem ber, l ol), with only nve states attending. This small number not despairing, made an urgent appeal for a general conven tion for the purpose of amending the arti cles of compact. It seems it was not lashionable then to do things outside of the Constitution, so as to give the general government power to raise money, "and to become a more efficient agent of the general good." This call was finally responded to by all the States but Rhode Island, and the convention met at Phila delphia on the 25th of May, 1787, and adjourned on the 17th of Septotnber, hav ing during the four months it was in session framed our present Constitution, or so much of it as remains from tbe ra pacity of the mongrel tinkers for tbo last few years, The source of sovereignty in this new Constitution is in no degree ohanged ; the character of tbe powers is in no man ner altered ; they are still "delegated" or "granted" powers; the agency of sov ereignty is not enlarged for the aggran dizement of the Fodcral Government. Tho objoct is stated by tbe preamble of the Constitution, "To form a more perfect union," "ensure domestic tranquility," and to "secure the blessing of liberty to ourselves and our posterity. So that wo see tho object of the third constitu tion is precisely that of the other two. The relations of tbo States to tho Federal Government aro left exactly whoro they were under the constitutions of 1775 and 1777. True, thoy had in those days a few individuals who, in the language nf Luther Martin, "wished to abolish and annihilate all State governments and to bring forward one goneral government ol a monarchial nature." Mr. Martin, in his reports of the secret debates of the convention, proceeds to say that these enemies of State governments and friends of monarchy, "knowing that they were too week in numbers to openly bring forward their system, and conscious also that the people of America would rejeot it if proposed," as of course they would have dooo, for all history of this union shows that not ono single State would have ratified the new constitution if it had in tbe slightest degree endangered the sovereignty of the States. .In one respect this last constitution was a violation of the agreement entered into by the States, for Article 13 of the second confederation, agreed upon in 1777, read as follows : "And the Articlea of. this confederation shall be perpetual ; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them ; unless such al teration be agreed to in a Congress of tbe United states, and be afterwards con firmed by tho legislatures of every Stato." Recognizing the early New England confederacy, we have two colonial unions, leaving but even the colonial combina tions of 1698 and 1754, and at least thice of these were declared to be "perpetual," The New England union, 1643, was called "a perpetual league." It lasted thirty years, as we havo seen. That of 1787, or, if we take it from the time of its adoption by all the states, of 1781, declared that the union ahould bo "per petual." It lived three years. Tho Constitution of the present Federal Union, formed in 1787, singularly omits tho term "perpetual." Dy its prearablo it is simply, "a more perfect union," Probably the framers of this Constttu tion, having witnessed the dissolution of two "perpetual unions," in less than twelve years, together with a third per petual union at an earlier period, may have been induced on that account to loave the word "perpetual" out, aa of no significance, It is well known that Wash inston had verv erave doubts unon the perpetuity ot the Union, So had Ham- ii(on ana luauiaon, anu many oiner lean ins statesman of that day. Luther Mar tin's doubts were so strong on this subject that, in bis report of the convention he ssid, "By the principles of tbe Ameri can revolution, arbitrary power n ay and ought to be resisted1, even by arms, if necessary. The time may oomo when tt shall be the duty of a State, in order to preserve itself from tbe oppression of the General Government, to have recourse to tbo sword, Tbe State wore determined 4i mtt thing thoy did, above all other consider ations, never to surrender the smallest fraction of their sovcrign and indepen dent rights. What a fortunato thing for the bead of Grant and his hand of conspirators, and how unfortunate- for the country, that we of this generation are composed of less conragcous and virtuous materials than our ancestors. Had tho acts committed by this adminis tration been done under the administra tion of Washington, the Adamses, Jof- f'erson, Madison. Monroe or Jackson, tho heads of the perpetrators would not have boecn worth a rush to any ono but a student of anatomy. Mark, we say administration. The reader will understand that thero is a great difference, a vast distinction be tween Administration and Government, which unfortunately neither uur mule headed President nor a majority nf his Congress seen to understand, or if they du they are greater villains than we ever charged them with being. In a future article we will more particularly refer to this subject of Government and Admin istration. In our present accursed Aui train machine, where states are held down under the point of tho baynnot, wo do not recognizo any form of gororment created by the men of tho Revolution. Whatever they mado of Government was of consent, but the mongrel., are making it a government of force. We hopo however tho people will soon rccain their senses and aid in restoring the old government of consent. How Sal Disgraced (lie Family. A traveler in tho State nl IllinmV some years ago, came to a long log hut on tne prairie, near Loiro, und thero halted. Ho went into the house. It was a wretched affair an empty packing box for a table, while two or three chairs and disagreeable stocls graced the rccep- ion room, the dark walls nf which was further ornamented by a display of tin ware and a broken shelf article or two, The woman was crvinc in ono corner. and the old man was siitine on a stool n the floor, a nine in his mouth, and his sorrowful looking head supported by the palms of his hands. Not a word greeted the interloper. "Well, said he. "vou seem to ha in an awful trouble hero. What's ud?" "Ab, we io almost crazed, nein-hbnr." said the woman, "and we ain't got no patience to see folks now." "I hat a all riL-ht. said the ttrancer not much taken back bv the Dolito rslmff "but can I be of any service to you in an mis trouoie l "Well, we'vo lost our cal : our Sal has gone off and left us," said tho old man, in tones of deep despair. "Ah, oo you know what induced her to leave you?" remarked the new ar rival. "Well, we can't sav. nctphhor. aa Imw eho' s so far lost as to be induced, but then sbo's gone and disgraced us," re- marxeu tno umicted lather. "Yes, stranger, nnd not as I should say it as is her mother but there warn't a prettier gal in tho West nor our Sal. she 8 gone and brought ruin on her own head now," followed tho stricken mother, "Who has gone off w ith her?" in- quired tho visitor. "Well, there s the troub e. The .al could have done well, and might have married Martin Kehoe, a capital shoe maker, who, although he has but ond eye, plays tho fluit in a lively manner, and earns a good living. Then look what a life she has deserted; she teas here surrounded by all the luxury of the country," blubbered the father. "Xcs, who knows what noor Sal will have to eat, drink, and wear now?" groaned tbe old woman. "And who is tbe follow who has taken her into such misery ?" asked tho now curiosity excited traveler. "Why, she s cono on and cot married to a critter called an 'Editor.' as lives in tho village, and tho Lord only knows how he's to earn her a living." Dean Swift said: "It is useless to attempt to argue a man out of a thing ho was never reasoned Into, Mrs. Sarah M. Wood, of Millersburg, Holmes county, Ohio, has recovered $1,600 damages from Geo. Schnoor and others, for selling liquor to her husband. A lady ono day wrote to her absent husband the following letter, which may bo quoted us a model in its way : "I write to you becuuso 1 havo nothing to do ; I end because I havo nothing to say. A young lady who, after kissing a two year old boy, made the remark, "I love to kiss little boys," was exceedingly sur prised by a littlo five year old uirl in quiring "if she didn't liko to kiss big boys, too I A man in Danbury discovered that powder fried in lard wns good for boils. lie tried it. The stove cover is in the second story now, though most all tho rest of the stove has been collected. lie was deceived in his lard, ho says. A gentleman in soirch of a man to da somo work, met on his way a ludy, not as young as she once was. and asked her, "Can you tell mo whore I nan find a man?" "No, I can not," she replied, "for I have been looking for ono these twenty years fur myself," A Pittsburg girl taking advantage of tbe right oonoeded tbo fair sex in leap year, has popped the question and found out how it is herslof, Sho says she did not want him any way. she just pro posed for the fun of the thing, and knew him tn bo ton big a font to appreciate the advantage of marrnd life What makes her mad is the fact that he won't lee tbe good ehanco be has tksowti atfajr.