OCR Interpretation


Workmen's advocate. (New Haven, Conn.) 1883-1891, July 25, 1886, Image 1

Image and text provided by Connecticut State Library, Hartford, CT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90065027/1886-07-25/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

T
Jcvics 2, IU. 43
iicui tlaucn, (Connecticut, Sundau, ilulu 25, 1886.
- !
Wet 3 (Cent
mwmwB
ADVOCATE.
.'
.MX
A hAAVLESS JURY.
FARMERS WHO KNOW MORE
LAW THAN JUDGES.
Legal Victory for Hoyentters
Jnry's Verdict Against Law and
Boycott Alliums Hur-raugue-
The People
Will ll-ecitle.
The trial in 1 lie Superior Court of
the four printers who wvre charged
by the boycotted .fouritttl difl ( 'mirier
with "conspiracy" and extortion"
was most farcically ended last Satur
day morning 1 y tin verdict of
''guilty" leing applied to thrt
in
the defendants, leaving
"out in the cold."
As a matter of record
the
fourth
u ssliot t re-
view may he of interest to the read
ers of the "oi;kii:n's A i or vn-:.
A notice printed in the now boycotted
sheet to the ell'ts t that its proprietor
was willing to pay the Cnion price
for composition and run the ollice
under I'nion rides, led the Typo
graphical Union to appoint a com
mit tee to confer with tin Carrimrtoii
Publishing Co., the proprietors, 'i'he
result of this conference was highly
satisfactory to the I'nion, and ar
rangements were made to make the
Courier a good Union paper. Among
other things, the names of the com
positors working there were submit
ted to the I'nion for ballot, resulting
in the election of the most of the
"rats." Printers from ut of town
'were sent for by the I'nion, so com
pletely were the committee deceived
by the promise of the chief proprie
tor, John llcnnctt Carrington, to
make the Courier a I'nion sheet.
Subsequently this proprietor entered
into a combination with his compos
itors not to carry out his promise but
to insist that all the "rats" be taken
into the I'nion, otherwise he would
not consider his promise as binding.
This, of cour.-e, could not be thought
of; as one of the' ruts was believed to
be so "royally" affected that healthy
I'nion compositors would refuse the
risk of working near him or drying
their hands upon the same towel.
Another of the rodents had proved a
base traitor to the Union, and was I
despised and loathed as much as his
brother of the "royal" propensity.
Thus negotiations were cut oil for
the time, and the printers began to
let the Courier aione, while other
citizens followed suit. Merchants
who advertised in its columns were
kindly nottiicd of the fact that the
printers ami their friends would not
pure base of those who assisted the
Courier by patronizim it, and a cir
cular explaining the situation was
distributed. Upon this circular tin
words
"BOYCOTT THE 'COURIER
Ml
conveyed wholesome ami lawful ad
vice to the friends of Organized La
bor; and as a variety was evidently
deemed desirable,
"Boycott the 'Journal and Courier"'
made matters more plain to the cap
tious. Before the circular was issued,
however, other committees called on
the proprietors of the sheet and en
deavored to arrange an amicable set
tlement, warning the erring news
paper men of the drift of public
sentiment; but the kind otlices of
the committee men were not appre
ciated. This caused many good citizen? to
make up their minds to
Boycott the "Courier"
as long as it continued
to employ
non Union men in its
composing
room.
Then came the arrest of the four
member of the Tyjographical
Union, and their first trial in tin
City Court on a charge of criminal
conspiracy. Though there was noth
ing in the'evideuce to warrant such
i charge, the puissant jude lined tin
four pi inters '." and costs" each.
Defendants demurred, bonds were
furnished and the case was appealed
to the Superior Couit, Judge Henry
Stoddard presiding. Meanw hile t he
conspirators oi' the Courier amended
the charge against the four Union
men so as to include '"extortion !"
'The judge permitted .it, overruled
the demurrer, and the legal battle
began.
On the tide of human rights and
unconquerable truth were l!cnjami:i
F. 'iliddeii, known as the Walking
Delegate; David T. McVtmura. com
mitteeman; Thomas V. Mulcahy, e
1'l'esidelit of the Typographical
Union, and ,1. V. lUische, Jr., sup
posed by some to be the editor of the
U oukviia's Anvo ati:; and I'rof.
Johnson T. I'lalt, Taleott II. Russell
and James T. Moran, counsel fur the
Union men. On the side of the bo
cotted were John Helmet Carrington,
chief proprietor; Win. II. Conklin,
who says he is Secretary; Win. Pratt,
the alleged editor ami puiioiner of
Ni -beams; "Dinkie" llaldw in, gen
eral f(ie-tnl ii or. The Nutmeg Stale,
represented by Tiltol) K. Doolitlle,
and CaiTington's hired men, John
W. Ailing, lawyer, and lilvdenburg,
lawyer, temperance orator, and rep
resentative of exemplary virtue.
Those who were non-partisan in
in the matter at the beginning were
the judge, Henry Stoddard, and pre
sumably tin; jury, consisting of 0. A.
Andrews, fanner. Cheshire; Chas.
11. l'oote, farmer, North l'.ranford;
Daniel M. Pose, farmer, Noith Pran
ford; Leroy C. licoclier, farmer,
W'oodbridge; Henry N. Oviatt, sales
man, city; Andrew J. Doolitlle,
farmer, P.ethany: (ieorge S. Pope,
farmer, .Middlebury; Levering S.
Doolittle, farmer, IvYthaiiy; Henry
Church, farmer, Oxford; George
Morse, farmer, Prospect; liichard II.
I lotchkiss, farmer, Prospect; Watson
C. Hitchcock, farmer, Prospect.
It will be noticed that there was
but one resident of the city on the
jury, Mr. Oviatt, who is a salesman
for the firm of Howe & Stetson, suc
cessors to J. N. Adam A: Co., and
prominent advertisers in the boycot
ted Courier. It has been said also
that Mr. Oviatt was once in the em
ploy of the ( 'ourier.
The examination of the witnesses
"for the Slate" (Courier) was of a
complimentary kind towards "ye
gentle boy-cat," but had very little
relation to conspiracy and extortion.
'I'he main fact that stood out plainly
was that some people would
BOYCOTT THE "COURIER,"
and that several merchants had taken
their advertisements out of the paper
for good reasons.
Witnesses for the defense testified
in a manner that placed some of the
Courier folks in a bad light forlruth
f illness, notably the buhl headed little
( ban who earned the name of "talk
ing delegate," and the shiny-pated
purloiner of ' -beams.
After the witnesses had tinished
their their testimony the legal gen
tlemen had their say. lilvdenburg
denounced the prisoners with ail the
vehemence of a hireling harranguer,
slinging in "riot and bloodshed" us
a clincher, lilydchburg had sized
np his sH'cial audience of twelve.
. Taleott H. Pussell opened the ar
gument for the defense, advising the
jury to leave out all extraneous mat
ter and coiiline themselves to the
consideration of the evidence. If it
hadn't been for the power vested in
the SheritT, Mr. Russell's tpcech
would have been heartily applauded.
Attorney James T. Moran followed
with a numlier of quotations from
authorities showing that the nets of
the prisoners were not criminal.
Prof. Plait made a forcible argu
ment, well calculated to convince an
ordinarily intelligent and unpreju- i
diced jury. He scouted the charge
of extortion, and sifted the evidence
in a masterly manner, showing the
groundlessness of the ( barge brought
by the State at the instigation of the
Courier. He might as well have
Nlkcd to a dozen old-fashioned scare
crows. Ailing "took the cake" for blood-
i
aiiij-uiuniicr stumping. His arms
beat the air and his list slammed the
table to the great edification of his
twelve innocent auditors. "Gosh,
it's iv. good iv, er circus!" "Sail in,
Gosh dern yer ! Hit Vin agin !" am!
such like exclamations were almost
expressed in the admiring glances of
the gentle agriculturists. Alling's
exertions grew more terrilic, till at
last he dashed one cull' on the table,
an. 1 the delighted audience ill the
gallery were preparing to see him get
rid of the rest of his shirt when he
suddenly slopped and was led out ti.
gasp f,r breath, lie soon returned,
ami continue,! ins harangue. When
he mentioned the name of '-loiiext
it i . i i
,ioiin Milliner, there was a derisive
laugh from the gallery, which tin
SheritT quickly silenced by a ghinci
of his eagle ce. Ailing then uu
wound his speech, and the Court
adjourned for that day.
The next morning, (Saturday)
J udge Stoddard charged the jury
carefully expounding the law, ami
giving satisfaction to al parties for
the defense. liile he held that
conspiracy formed for the purpose of
injuring another was criminal I
covered tile case lielofe llllll com
pletely by sa.yin
"On the oilier ham, it is equally plain
anil iiol to he denied that the accused
have and always had in common with all
others the right to lie employed by tl
Courier. It is also plain that the accused
have the right to combine together and
with any and all ol hers by lawful means to
raise and hx the vv-a;jes of themselves and
I heir associates and by lawful means to
ohtain employment for themselves and
then-associates. The right of the accused
is perfect to combine with others and to
say to the ( arringtoii Publishing Com
pany, we ourselves and our associates
demand to lie emploved by you. We
won't work for you except under certain
conditions w hich we see lit to makt
And to obtain and seek such employment
lor themselves and sav we won't work
for you if you see lit to employ any er
son not associated wiih us."
Here the Judge quoted from a
Massachusetts case, and continued:
"And if you don't accede to our terms,
we and our associates won't trade with
you. We won't subscribe nor advertise
w ith you, and we will induce all others
as iar as we can to withdraw their pat
rouage.
" The mrusiil n ui v law fnllv I'liiiiliiiiPHiul
r. inspire to kav (hi, uml to sy In the oiik
toim i s ol I lie ( m Huston I'liMii-liiiii; Com
!! llllll it j-tiii roiilinne lo i mil., t lie
( m i hinloii riililisliitig .milium, anil
1IO II I, lllls ln Ussill Illtl'H H ill ultlllllKM
our pat roiiHKt 1'i-om you.
"The accused may do this if their pur
pose U to ohtain employment for them
selves and their associates, even if the
result is that others me deprived of em
ployment by the Carrington Publishing
t 'ompany."
And then that jury went out and
brought in a verdict of guilty of
criminal conspiracy and extortion
against three of the accused, while
they snubbed the fourth, Mr. Busche,
by acquitting Iwm.
Notice of appeal was initncdialelv
given, and the three prisoners were
allowed to depart in peace, upon
bonds furnished by Mr, Patrick
Molloy. The Supreme Court of
Urrors will no doubt enforce the law
against the verdict of the jury.
Meanwhile we are perfectly satisfied
in our own minds that the boycott
will be more vigorously pushed than
ever before, for it is one of those
things that cannot be affected by
juries or judges, but is a matter for
the public itself to decide. If the
public conscience sunt ions it, it w ill
succeed: if not, then it will fail. So
far, however, it has the sanction of
the working jieople, and as they go.
so jtocs the State.
CHICAGO CAR DRIVERS.
Cnn ai;o, July '.M. -The mem
bers of the recently formed union of
North side street car drivers and
conductors, after discissing their
w rongs, have formulated their com
plaints. A lining t hese are the dis
charge of mi n w ho have entered iitou
full pay; the compulsory purchase of
uniforms from the company's tailor
and the exorbitant charges for the
same; heavy security required for
punches; long and irregular hours
and insiiflicieht pay. It is under
stood that the company asked time
to consider.
NATIONAL HOADS.
ANOTHER LETTER FROM
D. SOUTHWORTH.
W.
I uereuse of l'o i it I al i on A loiter the
Lines of llailvta) One Train
per Mi mite lain Cost ol'
Opt i at hoi - - ru Id ie
Sen ice.
When the people by their ballots
cause the National Government to
own and operate the railways ut two
and one-half cents per hundred
miles or less, as proposed by the
Grand Army of Labor, and cause
accommodation trains moving at an
average of six and one-quarter miles
per hour, including stops at every
crossing, to move over a division of
one hundred miles in sixteen hours,
and receive and discharge passen
gers at every crossing or wherever
desirable to the passenger, in the
same manner now in use by the
street railways in cities, people will
build houses and factories along the
lilies of railway throughout the land
until the railway track will resem
ble a street through a city, and jieo
ple will be entering and departing
from trains at every crossing to such
an extent that the accommodation
trains will empty and till every
mile. At that rate a train of twen
ty cars of sixty seats each, would re
ceive and discharge on every mile
L','00 jieople, and on one hundrei
miles P.'O.OOO jieople, who would
each jay the conductor a coin of
three cents, live cents, or have a
ticket punched costing them two
and one-half cents jier trip, 1,2(10
Jieople at two and one-half cents
would amount to .'!() per train jier
mile, or ;!,(KMi jut lno miles p,.r
train. tost ot ojieratioii. I ..";
receipts, tf.i.OOO; proht, !.!IS!.:0.
Some roads would run one such
train iter hour; some one im-i- min
..4.. . ! i. . . .. .... :
iae, or oi ners every live or ten min
utes, or say six or twelve such trains
jier hour. P.et ween New York and
Philadelphia and between other
points where jiojuilation was equally
heavy they would run every minute
or sixty er hour, or 1,-l lu jier day
of twenty-four hours; 1,-Hu trains
earning daily a net profit of I,!)S','
.fi would amount to a daily profit to
the government of L.itLsiio over
and above exjienscs on that one di
vision aione, and only counting the
accommodation trains one way only
each minute, and not counting any
other class of trains. The daily net
profits on that one division would
ay all the losses made on other di
visions by running accommodation
trains on roads through thinly set
tled regions once or oftem-r daily.
There would lie no losses on any di
vision, for that low rate would cause
jieople to settle along the line of
every road very thickly, and they
would be traveling from jdace to
jdace along their divisions hourly
every day on various sina errands
for their family and business. If
there were only sixty seats or one
car empty and Idled ea.-Ti' mi e it
would make l..i jier car or $0
H-r division of 1 00 miles. Counting
the cost of trains at d7.)i) kt 1mi
miles, leaves a profit of ?1 'Vl.'ii) per
train of one car of sixty seats jx-r di
vision ol 1) miles. If there were
one train each wav every hour that
would amount to forty-eight trains
tailv at ?IV..i0 each, would make a
total daily cost of $.Su per division.
If trams moved e;i Ji way every half
hour on the accommodation tracks
then the exK-nses would le double,
or tLliMt daily for those accommo
dation trains. If each tram han
dles iM jiassengers at two and one
half cents on the division of 1mj
miles it will jiay exjienscs, or if each
train averages seven jiassengers jkt
mile at two and one-half cents it w ill
pay it j way. If the forty-eight
trains cadi average beven jiassen
gers jut mile or -'?i in all jier mile
Continued on third page..
NEW YORK LABOR POLITICS
Tile t cut nil Labor In ion Issues a (all
for Organization.
The Central Labor Cnioii hide
Jien.leiit Political Action Coinmittei
met last night at, 1-11 Last Kightl
street, and issued the following
call:
nemg appointed by your honorable
Inidy to dew a plan w hereby the work
men ol the city and county of New
Xoik may take independent political a
tioii in the coming election, and heliev
ing that in order to bring alniut the de
sired results a plan of action must U
a;-iee,i upon whereby (he wage workers
ol w iialevt-r calling, whether connected
w ith the Central LaUir IJnioii or not.
shall lie united in one grand political
gamill ion, w hose objects shall lie the re
iieinpuon ol our city government from
the hands ol plunderers, v hose acts of
i : .. . : ..i . . t . '
spoliation nave iirougia disgrace upon
our cily, and lhioii;h whom the adiuiu-
l.-u auou or justice has luvome a farce.
lieiu v nig that by muled action on the
pait ol II. e w orkers, honest men can l
elected lo administer the a I lairs of gov
ernment and the laws can lie enforce!
ii.,'-. , i . i
eipianj i or ru n uiui poor alike, your
coiiimiiier, aiier carelully considering
the various proiosi(ions laid before
them, respectfully submit the following
lor y our consideration: that every tradi
aim laiMir organization hix months in ex
islenee prior to the call of the confer
ence, or connected with Home central
body represented, to send a delegate for
every bMI meuiU-rs to a conference, w iih
credentials and instructions from their
body, and power to call a convention.
All delegates must lie liona fide working-
men.
In pursuance to the alwive. tin
Central Labor I'nion calls the above
conference at Clarendon Hall, on
I hursday, August ., at 7 p. m. Of
course, this is highly distasteful to
the politicians who are busily en
gaged in warning the workinVmen
of the iiiex'jiedieucy of itidejiendent
Jiolilieal actiou.
LABOR NOTES.
District iTi, K. of L., held n session at
Middlclown last week.
The boycott on Kliret's lieer, it is said,
will lie interfered with by the Knights of
Labor in favor of the
inconsistent, if (rue.
irewcr. leather
A new Hislriet Assembly is to bi
i' 1 I !.. jl ' ' ' . , . .
loioiiieo in mis vicinuy. ji took a long
time for New- Haven folks to make up
their munis to take this step.
District Assembly, No. :)0, held a three
day's convention in Worcester, Mass., Iic
giniiing last Monday. Alioiit l,(MMI dele
gates were present. A desire to divide
up the District into smaller divisions.cre-
atmg u ntimliei of new Districts, is said lo
have lieen strenuously opposed by the
I listrict ollicers.
At a conference of delegrtes represent
ing a few Conservative organiuitions of
woikingioeii in London, held Monday
evening, resolutions were passed denoun
cing the government for causing the en
actment of laws providing for sugar
Inanities, and expressing ho,ic of a lietler
stale of iiliairs under a ( 'onservative gov
eminent to lie formed by lird Salisbury.
The striking lasted in the employ of
II. It. l ay & Co.,lsKitanil shoe manufac
turers ut Worcester, Mass., who have
lieen out a week, resumed work last Tues
day, on the condition a set forth by the
ligreement with the Lusters' Protective
Liiioii. 1 his says that no last era would
be hired by the jinn ill the future unless
satisfactory to the advisory Isiard or
could le given a full day s work, and
from the foreman the lusters exn'ct good
treatment, while in return the same will
lie demanded by the firm.
An iindeiiied repoit is going the rounds
that the K. of L. organization intends
I that is, its ollicers intend) to evpi I all
members of the t wo 'igai niakera" I nioiis.
That is, cigariuakers w ho are riot mem
bers of either the 1 'rogressi v e or Inter
national I'nion, may remain or In-come
Kmghls, provided they iret the waires
stipulated; and the K. of L., cigar laliel
wiil only he issued to factories employ iiig
Knights 01 l.a'.or exclusively. 1 here is
much kk- ul.Uion nt In the result of this
movement. Many think it w ill lost till
the (ieneral Assembly meets.
CARRIAGE WORKMEN.
The Carriage Workmen's I'nion
will hold a meeting at Trades Coun
cil Hall on Wednesday evening,
J uly ','S, at 8 o'clock. A full attend
ance is requested.
A morning wrapper The boarding
mistress.
3LME. DEhESCLUZE
ADDS HER VALUABLE TESTI
MONY. A Letter From a Noble We in an.
Tlianksto l'ixley-Fuels of a Mo
ment ous Strut'gle Kcfus
insr a Crow a Hour
geois IN-public.
To the Wiu k nieit'u Aiinx'ote:
Accept my w arm thanks for your re
publication of the Arfiuitaut's v indication
of the Talis Commune. Mr. Frank Fix
Icy is well know n as lieing opposed to
everything like Socialism and 'Com
munism;" he is well known as the de
fender of the present drastic whirl in
which the production and distribution of
wealth is carried on; hisslalenienl, there
fore, cannot fail to have mime weight
with those who have unceasingly desig
nated the men of the Commune as
"thieves, murderers and incendiaries."
There are great numbers of people who
sincerely believe (hat the sole purpose of
the uprising of the Commune w as phoi
d r. There is a deplorable lack of in
formation concerning this struggle and
its real motives even among Assemblies
of the. Knights of Labor und Trades
Union. The chief source of information
has been the capitalistic press; that press,
on this side of the Atlantic ocean, took
its color from the monarchical press of
Kurope which, reflecting the terror of en
throned "society," poured forth from all
points delirious screams of denunciation
and calumny whose wild passiou was
only eipialeil by Hie ecstatic, joy hIiow u
at t he defeat and bloody massacre of the
valiant men so foully slandered.
1 oiler toMr. Fixley my heartttlt thanks
for the earnest defence published long
ago in his columns an the Uvtiiuuiiy of a
living witness to a most momentous
struggle.
What were the facts?
1. A light between two unscrupulous
and corrupt political pirates for w bat is
called "the mastery of F.uroie" mean
ing t he liberty to murder and plunder at
will.
''. Victory of pirate Hisinarck the
most reactionary ami cynical of the tw ain,
who had used the war cry "tierman
Unity," as a cloak for Prussian desKt
ism. ii. Installation (through plot and con
nivance of the Cernian commanders) of
three disorganized and demoralized fac-
t ions Honapartists, Legitimists and )r
leanists, with the, life long trickster,
tician, and millionaire Thiers ut their
head -these reactionary factions huving
oecn ui no w ise clothed hy the jieople of
France w ith constituent iHiwer hut elect
ed solely toarraiigc preliminaries of peace
or war, after the truce.
4. 1'aris, worn, weary, haggard and
wan w ith the starvation, desolation and
deiitb of a live months siege, jietitioning
this usurping assembly of monarchists
for local municipal liberty, the overthrow
of the cenl raliA'd despotic system of Na
poleon 111 w hich was still in forc.
(i. Answer of the usurping assembly :
demand for the artillery and arms of
the National (iuard. Dufaiire, laws on
over-due commercial hills und house
rents. A tax of twoeeiitiiiienuiM)iujvery
copy of every imaginable iiublieatiou.
Sentence of death against ltlaniui and
riourenslor "sedition. Suppression of
Republican newspaiiers. The appoint
ment of lien. Vinoy, one of the military
aids of the w ar of December, a governor
of Faris; of Valentin, an lmierialist
(ji-ioliiniif,, it its prefect of (silice. Thiers
had al reaity sent titled Orleanist anibas
sailors to the several Kuropean courts.
Faris then knew that she had nothing to
hojie for in the way of municipal liberty
from the three factions w ho, having ful
filled the sole mission for which they
were fraudulently elected, i. (?., to arrange
the preliminaries of peace, refused to re
tire, and audaciously assumed authority
as if clothed with constituent power.
From the lirst day of their assumption
of power the Republicans of Fans hail
leen on the watch. 1 he second Liupire
had more than doubled the national debt,
and plunged all the large towns into
icavy municipal debts. '1 he war had
fearfully swelled their liabilities. France
w as prostrate; her territory dismembered,
her fields laid waste, her village burned.
the blood of her tieople spilled, labor
iroiighl to a standstill; und the Prussian
Shy Im k w as there claiming his bond of
HlllllUIMih
Hut in the fa-e of their immense ruin
the usurping assembly could think of
nothing lielter than the miserable in
trigues ol its several factions to restore
Home one of the Imperial or monarchical
pretenders to the sovereignty of France
these pretenders who had now for the
second lime brou ght with the foot of the
invader the most stupenduous sacrifices
on her people.
These conspirators regarded the work
Contmued on third page.
Ml
i
1st
A
f
4
4 '
V
,J
I 5

xml | txt