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Prof Richard T Blj 'ZZ
Jonni Eopktoi UolvetUljr ADVOCATE gifth ca, go. 26 Xcur SJotk and 2Jcw gaum, jSatutdag, Jfunc 29, 1889 Ue 3 GtuU STARVING RIGHT HERE. -Coal Miners In Braidwood Strike aud Suffer. The great strike of the coal niiuers in Germany, alTecting, as it doeB, thous ands of families, as well as business in terest in other countries, has led the workers, where organized, in all civil ued countries to send aid to the poor families of the strikers. But we can show that the miners of monarchical Germany are only on a par with some of our own "sovereign" citizens when they attempt to go contrary to the will of Capital. Thus we shall record a condition of affairs in Draidwood, Illi nois, which was written for and pub lished unblushingly by a capitalist pa per in New York. Two months ago, before the strike, Braidwood had a pop ulation of about 5,000, all dependent di rectly or indirectly upon the mines. To-day not an ounce of coal is being mined, and the awful blight of famine is upon the little city. Three weeks ago a committee consist ing of two representatives of each na tionality was appointed to take care of the distressed. This committee has had its hands more than full ever since its appointment. The population of Braidwood is a heterogenous one, com prising persons of all nationalities. Of the heads of families employed in the mines there are 500 English, Scotch, Irish and Americans, the last named being few in proportion. There are about 100 colored men, 800 Italians and 150 Bohemians and Poles. As hi the case in most industrial communities, the families are large. Of thirty appli cants for aid to-day the average num ber in a family was six. The single men have pulled up stakes and quit, and the town is face to face with an economic problem far beyond its power to grapple with. Pitiful stories of the destitution there are told. In one house a reporter found a Scotch family of ten absolutely with out food of any kind. The father is a steady hard-working man. There was not in the little cottage a scrap of stuff upon which a dollar could be realized. A sick baby fourteen weeks old lay in a rough cradle. Between her tears the mother, with reluctance born of stub born pride of her race, told her miser able story. She had eight children, the youngest being the sick baby. A char itable doctor had attended the child, but the necessary medicine for the little one could not be obtained any longer. The druggists had shut down on any further credit. In another house was found a family of ten, in which the conditions wer similar, except that none were suffering from illness. The man of the house in this case was a German who formerly worked in the mines, but became inca pacitated by ill health and lias since gained a living by peddling. He rents a small cottage with a considerable gar den, and the latter furnishes the sole supply for his family. Asked as to how they lived, he said: ""We have potatoes and lettuce. In the morning the chil dren have some bread and go to school. They do not come home to dinner, and at night they have lettuce and bread. Soon the potatoes will be good, and then they will have plenty." "Don't you have any meat ?" "We have not had any meat since New Years. We have no money, I pay $5 a month for this place, and it has a big garden. If the potatoes come out all right then we can live. I should like some flour." At another home was found a Ger man woman with seven children. Her husband left two weeks ago to find work, and bhe has not heard from him since. She had not a morsel of food of any kind in the house, and the bare footed children were crying with hun ger. This woman got some Hour and other articles from the relief store later in the day. In a cottage near the Eureka Mine?, there lives an Englishman named Case, who has three children, and a wife who is dying of consumption. The husband is a steady, hard-working man and a flret-class miner. He said that his aver age earnings from January to May had not been more than $17 per month. He bought his little home for f 150 on payments of $1,00 per month, and he still owes $98 on this account. Besides that, he owes $14 for medicine, and he has not a bit of food in the house. He was given a small order for groceries by the Town Supervisor, but when offered some potatoes by an agent of the Relief Committee he declined them, saying that the product of his own garden would soon be ready, and that there were others more needy than he. At the Relief Headquarters on Main street there stood in line for hours yes terday not less than 150 men, women and cnildren white and black. Ger mans, Italians, French, Scotch, English and half a dozen more nationalities were represented. s From every one questioned the same reply was elicited: "We have nothing in the house to eat. If we can only get some flour the chil dren will not starve." The situation is intensified by the fact that the families are so large. Six, eight and ten chil dren below working age appears to be the average. The children go to school barefooted and ragged, and come homejto receive a scrap of bread and any garden stufl" which may be available. There is little or no sickness as yet, but it is feared that using the new potatoes be fore they are actually fit for food may result disastrously. The measures for the relief of these distressed people which have been taken up to date are miserably inadequate. Local tradesmen have sent in Hour and a few groceries. Some money has been obtained from Joliet, and $500 from trade organizations and Socialists in Chicago. Yesterday forty wicks of flour arrived, and this was distributed in lots of twelve pounds each to those who could live no longer without it. But twelve pounds of flour for a family of ten hungry children counts for little. An aged Scotch woman who keeps the Cottage Hotel, and who is the oldest settler in Braidwood, tells with tears in her eyes how she relieved the immedi ate wants of certain of her neighbors. Another llady, the wife of a business man, makes soup and bakes bread every day, which she distributes to the needy. As usual, in all cases of this kind the obtrusive and persistent come to the front, while the actual sufferers stay at home and starve. This is particularly true of the English and Scotch citizens who stick out to the last before making their wants known. It is only when the children clamor for bread that these people can be brought to face the inevitable and apply for relief. One in stance of this fact may illustrate: A woman with seven children tells how she sent her eldest girl to the relief store with a requeet for some flour. It happened that the last had lieen given out, and the child was told to come again next day. "I didn't mind not get ting the flour, though we had no bite in the house to eat, but I could not stand having my child turned away like a beggar." That is what she said, and that is the spirit of the poor creatures who are starving to-day in the State of Illi nois, and within 00 miles of Chicago. BOSTON. Socialist Agitation on the Common and in the Churches. The usual weekly agitation meeting of the American Section was held on the Common last Sunday, and the au dience was a large one, Mr, Norris, of the Society of Christian Socialists, acted as chairman and made the opening ad dress. Mrs. Merrifield followed in a short criticism of the competitive sys tem, aud Mr. Lynch spoke in very plain language, which was well received by the audience. Carl Friede made a rat tling speech, and pictured to the audi ence in eloquent language what the con dition of the people would be under a socialistic regime, and appealed to the large crowd present to better the condi tions of themselves and families, by throwing off their allegiance to the two old corrupt parties, and cast their for tunes with the Socialist Labor Party, the only political party that recognizes the existence of a class struggle for the people's emancipation. Mr, David Taylor closed the meeting with appropriate remarks. A good deal of our literature was distributed during the meeting. Among the audience were noticed several members of the German Section and our veteran, Geo. J. Moul ton. The semi-annual meeting of the American Section will be held at the rooms of the organizer, Mrs. Merrifield, Tuesday evening, July 2, at 8 p. m. sharp. Election of officers and the reading of the reports will be the prin cipal business. SIGNS OF THE TIMES. To show our comrades all over the country how Socialism, in Boston, at least, has come to be looked upon as a thing of considerable importance; indeed we need but mention that the Herald, the leading daily of New England, hardly ever allows a day to pass with out having an editorial on Socialism, not always favorable to us, to be sure, but they are willing to argue the ques tion with us, and that is something that augurs well for the movement. Ever since Dr. Bellamy commenced to preach Christian Socialism in his church the seating capacity has been taxed to its utmost limit, so much so that in the fall he will commence the erection of a more commodious edifice to hold his rapidly-increasing congregation. Rev. Dr. Bliss, also, is battling nobly for the rights of humanity, both in his church and in his paper, Ihe Dawn. NOTES. Comrade M. Lynch will contribute an article to the August number of the SatkmalUt. Comrade Cyrus F. Willard and his charming wife are going to Eurojie next month. Don voyage 1 Comrade Norris, the business manager of The Dawn, and his estimable wife, are workicg in harmony with our Section in making our meetings on the Common a success. CHICAGO. American Section and South West Branch Meetings Intruders. Peace, gentle peace, spread her snowy pinions, and, descending, hovered lov ingly over the little band of Socialists assembled last Sunday afternoon at Waverly Hall. A stranger happening in might have been pardoned for mis taking the affair for a Methodist class meeting. The local reporter, not being accustomed to the odor of sanctity with which the atmosphere seemed redolent, and apparently apprehensive that he might be called upon at any moment to relate his "experience," fidgeted' nervously in his seat, tried to fill in his time by scanning the column of a wicked capitalistic journal, gazing ever and anon mournfully and long ingly toward the entrance, inspired by the vain hope, as he afterwards in formed your correspondent, that Mrs. Parsons and her valiant cohorts might, even at the eleventh hour, conclude to put in an appearance and infuse a little wickedness and excitement into the too decorous and orderly proceedings. Fin ally, in utter desperation, he seized iiis hat and other personal effects, includ ing a not very voluminous budget of notes, and made a hasty exit, mentally vowing that nothing short of an anar chistic riot should ever again induce him to grace Waverly Hall with his journalistic presence. The above, reduced to plain, cold prose, simply means that our anarchist friends arrived yesterday at the very sensible conclusion that the SVaverly Hall "grapes" were exceedingly "sour, and not worth the trouble of plucking. They therefore repaired to a well known West Side resort, where they dispensed their eloquence to more ap preciative ears than they have recently found at the Socialists headquarters, and had, it is understood, an excellent meeting. The exercises at the "Waverly" were, as usual, of a varied and interesting character, , and consisted of sundry reso lutions upon topics of local interest, discussions upon the same, and a short address by Mr. Martin, a delegate from the mining country, who gave a very clear and forcible statement of the troubles in that locality, and the causes of them. He spoke of the conditions imposed by the corporation upon its em ployees, the agreement which they were required to sign and its humiliating terms, almost equivalent to a confession of voluntary vassalage. He declared that the scale of wages proj)osed by the corporation virtually amounted to a de duction of 40 per cent, from the almost starving rates formerly paid. Help had been received, but up to the present time it had been insufficient to relieve, to any appreciable extent, the suffering and destitution prevailing in their midst. He was informed that our committee had on hand a sum amounting to about sixteen dollars, which might still be aug mented, collected and contributed by our members for the Miners' Relief Fund. He was instructed to endeavor to make his co-laborers realize that by a judicious exercise of the powers of the ballot, by wise and concerted political action, they might overthrow their existing condi tions and place themselves hereafter in an independent position. He was also presented with a box of our literature, which he promised to distribute among his fellow workers on his return. Comrade Morgan offered resolutions, and appropriate and interesting re marks concerning the situation of the miners and other matters, and Mrs. Woodman then read a paper on "The Canadian Annexation Problem and Its International Significance," which gave rise to an exceedingly interesting discus sion, which was participated in by Comrades- Morgan, Berlyn, Adams and Hamilton. The last-named gentleman is, we believe, the only genuine, full blooded American on the working-force, the others being, respectively, English, Scotch, Dutch, German and Nova Sco tian. Mr. Hamilton's remarks were, therefore, exceedingly interesting from an American standpoint, and tended to prove that patriotism and cosmopoli tanism are not necessarily at variance. The South West Side Branch, S. L. P., at a regular meeting on the lth inst. discussed plans of agitation. The following resolutions were adopted: "Wiiereas, Hardly a week passes in which accidents do not occur on the Yerkes street railways; and "Whereas, Our citizens are thus con tinually placed in jeopardy, and a num ler of workmen have thus lost their lives, while some have been severely injured, and these occurrences are due to the criminal negligence of the con tractors and Yerkes' greed for gain; and "Whereas, Such a murderous and ex ploiting system can only be abolished by the people owning the street railways; therefore "Resolved, That we call upon the city to obtain possession of the street rail ways and operate them in the interest of the people; and "Rezdved, That we call upon all workers and citizens of Chicago to ex amine the Platform of the Socialist La bor Party, and if they find it worthy to join faid Party." At the next meeting of this Branch Comrade Langner will speak. A question of interest to the members of the organizations connected with the Trades Assembly is, where did the money come from to arrange the pro jected grand demonstration and picnic on Ihe Fourth of July ? The Trades As sembly has no money, it is said, and among the speakers advertised are Mayor Cregier, Frank Lawler and vari ous corrupt politicians. Now, why do these fellows want to speak on this oc casion? Do the workmen of Chicago suppose that these men do this for nothing? Do they suppose that an empty treasury could furnish the funds? Or did the politicians furnish money, so that they could have a glori ous opportunity to pose as working men's friends and throw dust in their eyes? Anyway, where did the money come from? A FINE DELEGATE. How Political Heelers Try to Keep I'm Their Reputation as Workmen. A small clique of bogus Chicago labor reformers of the George Schilling stripe have "elected" one George Detweiler as a delegate to the Paris Labor Congress. Information from Chicago shows that this Detweiler is a character that should not be admitted to a labor congress. A small number of "professional working men" not wageworkers are his "con stituents." The man himself is notori ously untrustworthy. For instance, while editor and part owner of the Knijhtu of Labor, a weekly paper, lie published, immediately after the ren dering of the verdict in the anarchist cise such a glowing indorsement of the infamous verdict that it was repub lished in a large number of capitalistic papers as expressing the Indorsement of the Order of the K. of L. Soon offer he caused it to be understood that the friends of the condemned men could se cure a controlling interest in his paper for about $2,000. Capt. Black, attorney for the "anarchists," Frank A. Stauber, nu, tjahor of the Defense Committee, Al bert Florus and C. G. Dexon (elected by the United Labor Party to the State Legislature in TH8ti) took this bait, and signed a note for the sum of $J,000, in exchange for which they fondly hoped to secure a majority of the stock of the paper. Detweiler sold the note, and refused to recognize the right of the signers to any stock or control. When the note came due the four persons named were compelled to pay the s'.OOO. At the close of the case Mr. Florus vigorously expressed his indig nation; his lawyer stopped him and told him that he ought to consider him self lucky, adding by way of consola tion that this Detweiler had gotten the best of him (the lawyer) some time pre vious to the tune of j $10,000. During the last election campaign this same Detweiler was one of the chief engineers of the Boodle Convention which nomi nated the real estate speculator, Gross, as a workingman's candidate for mayor. In this connection it was currently re ported that he received a large amount of money from the "republican" man agers to run the political "labor" move ment, and the many thousands of his paper that were freely distributed dur ing the campaign seem to prove the statement true. This fellow only poses as a delegate to prove to the politicians that he has a "pull," so that be can "strike" them for boodle at future elections. It is of little consequence to the honest men of Chicago whether he deceives the "re publican" or "democratic" election managers or not, but such a rascal should not be admitted to a labor con gress here or elsewhere. Other Ameri can delegates, no matter what bona fide. later organization they represent, should protest against Detweiler's admission to the Paris Congress. ROCHESTER. On Sunday, June 30, a monster picnic will take place at Germania Garden and Hall for the benefit of our Arbeiter Zeitung. This paper is gaining rapidly here, and is under control of our Sec tion as far as this city is concerned. A tine program will be rendered. Com rade Shevitch of New York is an nounced to speak. The German TypOjjraphia of this city is engaged in fighting with Dr. (?) Mack, editor and proprietor at the Daily Volk blatt. A boycott is placed upon this rat sheet, and has been pushed so vigor ously lately that the so-called doctor will have to prescrile for himself, The "republican" party managers vir tually control the Volkxblutt, and are very anxious to have the boycott re moved. It is thi only German daily paper here, being like our "independ ent" Evening Times, at the service of the highest bidder. The failure of the car drivers' strike made these fellows bold again; so, last week, they arrested Otto Hanish, of the Typographia, and a comrade of ours, under the infamous conspiracy laws. Police Justice Keener, a tool of the "re publican" party, was a tine sample of a Lord Jeffries, as he remarked to our friend Hanish "if he (the latter) had written nil in The -Ijix-d" (a periodical published in the interest of the boycott ly the typos) "he would like to send him up for fifteen years. Men advocat ing the boycott should be expelled from this country." A hearing was set for Wednesday, June L't!th, aud the pris oner put under $1,000 bail. The trial will not come off under this impartial judge, as a jury trial will be demanded. The organized usurers known as the Rochester Board of Trade and Com merce have circulated petitions aud subscription lists for more militia here. This is also the result of the late strike, and shows what bad consciences our capitalists have. The subscription is headed by one of our greatest manu facturers and president of said hoard, Wm. S. Kimball, who owns a large cigarette factory. This gentleman (?) undoubtedly fears his wage slaves might rebel some day, and seeing his huge factory not well enough protected, con sequently clamors for militia. oiss. PHILADELPHIA. At the regular meeting of the Ameri can Section, S. L. P., held at Morning Star Hall, June -'5, the following officers were elected for '.he ensuing term: Organizer, W. II. Bishop, 010 Sartain street; financial secretary, Jacob Senges; recording secretary, Julius Neckcr; treasurer, Oswald Mai. NO LONGER TO BE FOOLED. General Francis A. Walker, the Su perintendent of the last census, asks: "What shall we tell the working clas ses?" and in the course of his answer says: "Whatever we may tell, we shall no$, tell them as twenty or thirty years ago we surely should have done, that the possible amount of their compensation is limited by the 'wage fund,' that the remuneration of their labor is irrespec tive of their own industrial character, irrespective of the present product or industry. The reason the political economist of the old school won't toll the working class what they used to, is the working classes are thinking for themselves; they won't accept the chaff. They are saying: 'Wo are much the lar gest class; we produce all the wealth and have the least of it to enjoy, and consequently we have no use for those who are trying to keep us contented with this state of things by teaching us that it is inevitable, therefore right, and that we must not make any effort to change it. The fiat of human neces sity has gone forth, the new philosophy of humanity for humanity is being sub stituted for the old which is the rule ai.d ruin of the masses for the honor and glory of the few." TO STRIKE OR NOT TO STRIKE The Washington GmfUman said in its issue of last week that every indication seems to point to a strike on the Union Pacific Railroad. Articles of confedera tion have been signed by the local as semblies of the Brotherhood of Engi neers, Firemen, Brakemen and Switch men, and the Knights of Labor, pledging mutual support in the event of a strike. The question at issue is the schedule of wages applying to the Kansas Central. A new schedule has been formulated which the men will not accept. They demand that the former schedule be re stored. The Grievance Committee of the Brotherhood of Engineers and the officers of the Union Pacific have as yet arrived at no satisfactory settlement of the discovery, and a walk-out all along the line is inevitable. Chief Arthur, on the other hand, says there will be no strike of engineers on the Union Pacific, but that the trouble will be amicably settled by the committee having it in charge. The question is, would a concession to the members of any one of the or ganizations involved have the effect of inducing them to break compact with the others? Or would concessions to all of the organizations but one induce them to leave that one in the lurch ? Be sides, what is the available force the capitalists can draw from their reserve army of unemployed? A satisfactory answer would be a great help to the workmen immediately interested. A LETTER FROM BELLAMY. Demanding a Law to Raise the Age for Compulsory Schooling. The following letter from Edward Bellamy was read at a recent meeting of the Boston Nationalist Club. It shows that the gifted author is a mn of progress, as well as the possessor of a large heart: "First of all, we must heed the cry of the children. We must deliver them from the taskmasters and turn them over to the schoolmasters. The present school system of Massachusetts, with its wretched twenty weeks of compul sory attendance up to the age of four teen, with grammar and high schools for a few fortunate ones, is not a se rious attempt to educate the people, aud it is time that this was said plainly. The age of fourteen is no time to bring to a close the education of a prospective sovereign of the United States and cus todian of its liberties. Merely to raise the age limit of compulsory schooling to 15, 10, 17 Tor IS would, however, not help matters, for the reason that in the majority of instances those parents who take their children out of school as soon as the law is off do so because they must, because they are themselves too poor to support them longer in idleness. Now, whatever others may think, Na tionalists do not consider that the ina bility, or even the thriftlessness, of a parent is any sufficient reason why a child should be condemned to the life long serfdom of ignorance. The duty the parent cannot and will not do to ward his child the State must do. "It is my earnest hope that the Na tionalist clubs may see their way clear to formulating and presenting to the vot ers of the State, as a test for legislative candidates at the next State election, a demand for a law raising the age of com pulsory education to at least seventeen years, aud the school year toat4east thirty-five weeks, with a sufficient State provision for the support of chil dren of indigent parents while at school. It apitears to me that this is a measure which all persons who hope for the evolution of a better social order will be prepared to support, The children are of no party. The children have no enemies, and surely it is most rational to Itegin the reform of so ciety with that portion of it which, is most Jpln"Tif!i that is, with the children. The advocates of all modes and schools of reform must here agree, for under whatever figure we may sev erally fancy the hoped-for new order, we must depend upon the children who now ought to be in school, to put it into effect. Those, on the contrary, who disbelieve in all reform or progress, and hold that the present heartrending social conditions are to endure forever, will be quite consistent in opposing the proposed measure. If their view Is cor rect, the schools should all be closed and education forbidden the masses en tirely, that, being more nearly brutal ized, they may be less sensible of their degradation. "The attitude of persons on all im portant questions of improving the edu cation of the masses will, I think, be found to correspond quite closely with their general belief on the larger ques tion of the possibilities of human prog ress. One other point I want to speak of. The transfer to the schools of all children under seventeen now at work in stores, shops and factories, would create a demand for adult labor which would not a little relieve the present glutted labor market. To make work by waste is poor political economy; but this would be to make work by saving by saving the children." ST. PAUL, MINN. At the meeting of the St. Paul Sec tion, held on June lfl, it was decided to discuss t joint Socialist picnic by the Minneapolis ami St. Paul Sections at the meeting to be hold in St. Paul on June 110, which is also the date of the semi annual election of officers for the St. Paul Section. secretary. A GREAT INSTITUTION. The New Y'ork post-otlice is the lar gest business establishment, aflecting the greatest number of people under the government of the United States. It delivers and collects every year a num ber of letters, papers, etc., six times as numerous as the entire population of the Union. It handles in each year over $85,000,000 in money order busi ness, while its own receipts are over $5,000,000, and the net revenue of the government is $3,250,000. Sewsman. TO INCREASE PRODUCTION. Capt. Evan P. Howell, of the Atlanta Constitution, who is a capital story tel ler, illustrated the persistent industry of the Chattanoogans by an anecdote of a man in Georgia who kept bees, and, not satisfied with their proverbial in dustry, actually attempted to cross them with lightning bugs, in order to secure & continuation of honey-making through the night. Boston Herald.