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JW)pKMH'SADVOCAT AM OfrH'Ul Jlll'lllUL at THE SOCIALIST uABOR PAKTV PUBLISH Hi RVEilV WEl.h VI 'HE NATIONAL KXr.TTIVK I CM miTK I! MllIltl I'ltlcM, .- fourth Slrwl, Niov rU I IU. Interest 'Hi; cnrre-i'einieiire miII'IIcI fnmi W'.i Ictac'iuis in nil purls "I 'die vmrl.t. betters re qulrluc iinswcrs hIiuiiIiI . nt .In n turn pusl mrn. StT.SClilH 'ION liA'I I S : One Year (postage free) Six months $1 IK) 51) I'AYAIII.i; IN AllVANCK. MITICK TO M Kilt! ItS.-ilif lu(u HfK-r your mime nf n tin' bI' 1 1 -.i-il .! at tached i viir isi i . r Is hi lHt ol i'X firt urn of (.iiliscri.tl"ii 'I has in.hlM ill' mis III. .t yur nitMTh'tl"H -xiii-' wltli 'In' 'lul "f M IKdl -n-ii.I yi.iir sul.s. Tii-li"h money curly, anil notify us (ii any Unit in de.ll'. cry .r error uri our pint. SOCIALIST LA II OK I'AKTV. NtTIOKkl. KMM I TIVK ( IIMMI1TKK, II. .1. (illKTCII, KTi'tnry, l-.ii"! 1 omih slrcfl. N. V. ItoAUI. or (illlKVAN. CH, KliNKHT ( '- S( IIINIII.1.H, Sei'retary, I lever strict, U'stuii, Mass. Laboii Nk ( o .. i" I'.iist hautli st r 1'Airi V .loll 1'IUNTKHY, cl. New York. I .ronr.u I, 1S!). THE CAMPAIGN. Our numerous and necessarily con densed reports of mass in. clings ledd by Ihevatious Assembly Dislri'-I ,.igniii.i tiolis of the Socialist Lahor parly throughout this city during the week under review will give our readers a fair idea of the progress of the move ment. We make no attempt to describe the grow ing ' ntlm-iasm and increasing colili.ience of our friends. A few week ago their sense of duly alone sustained them. Now, however, it is apparent that a large vote will he caHt for the county ticket of the Socialist Conference, ami that in some .list rictn - the Lighth among ot hers our candidates for As sembly and Alderman may he elected. Hut, whatever the result may he, let us work for principle as if success wore within our reach. It is hy such work onlv that success can in the end he achieved and principle triumph SECOND EDITION. The Central Lahor Union has finally taken steps to enter the political lield As w ill he si en hy our report, of its pro ceedingM, thirty six organizations, m eluding secret societies whose numerical strength is unknown hut questionahh answered the call of this expiring body which a few months ago nu.ahered at least one hundred and twenty homi Jil powerful unions. Some of thestronges organizations w hich an1 still represent e in it for economic purposes were not rcj resented in its political convention vinoim others the Furniture W.ekci and the liarteiidcrs, who have not y withdiawn from the C. L. U., did no participate in last Sunday's proceeding: of that body, (or the simple reason that thev arc represented in the Socialist Conference. As we understand it, the object of t lit niitical movers in the Central Lab. Union is to place m the lieldatieke limited to legislative ollioe-; which will ;us a matter of course, alTord ainplt opportunities f r bargains of all kind. upon the county tickets of the old pur ties. In other words, their plan of cam paign for W is a second edition, itn Droved and enlarged, of that which was i last year conceived and carried out I the verv same men under the nam. "Legislative Reform party." In this light we may realize the fu meaning of "delegate" Cornelius (not Patrick i 1 loody's declaration that "while he could not stomach the Socialists vtry much, he was willing to stand by their candidates if the) would stand by the C. L. U." It means .piite plainly that he and the like of him could not stomach them at all on chction day and that, having made sure of t he Socialist vote for their friends and acquired thereby a political value, they would care but little for the Socialist candidates. But were Mr. Poody in earnest, we might tell him that although he and his friends will have no opportunity of stomaching tin.' Socialists they will he very sick men on election day. TAKE NOTICE ( in Sitttinlay, October 11, nrereption ! will lie tendered to Ji.lin Swintoh at the j Cooper Union by the Socialist Labor1 pari), in eo operation with i.ll the pro- ; grossive lahor organizations of thin city, j " j THE POSTAL CLERKS. i N'ext to the surprising growth of the Socialist movement, throughout this it v, the most, oghitieant happening ol the week was the meeting held laat I Monday at Cooper Union hy the Postal ! 'Icrks' Association. Not because of its I ject, which was merely to impress upon Congress, one month before elec- tion, theohvioiiH necessity of extending to the postal clerks the benefits of the ight hour work-day; nor yet because inything was said there that had not been said previously and inlinitely bet ter hut because of the surrounding cir- uinstances; such circumstaiiceH as ihe inexperienced cunning of those who tad charge of the arrangements could done have brought together. more indii'est ible botch-notch of names and people representing antagon istic elements was never served to an audience from the platform of Cooper Union. August Itelmont and John Svvintoii, Warner Miller and Powdeiiy, L.-vi I'. Morton and Samuel (iompei'H, Archbishop Cornwall and J'r. Mctilynn, th" Lev. Mi'Artlnir and Col. Ingersoll, Llliotf F, Shepanl and Patrick Moody, and numberless ot hers of equally strik ing oipoMtes, were present in person or y letter. 1 'Ooilledoin ami Wayedom had apparently exchanged liild tn iloux throuiili the Post Ollice and were hold nig a love least on tne eve ot their ilemlly coiitiict. .Nay; l roui some ot l lie spt echcH made by eminent: hoodlers, in which the immense supet iority of gov- IlllH mt service as compared with pri- vale enterprise was duly exalted, a "green horn" might have thought that a new light had dawned upon Hoodie limn; that the "ministers of the gospel'' had actually been christianized; that the competitive system of industry was universally repudiated; that Ui'' privi leged class was not only ready but anxious to siincnder its privileges; and that all fear of a deadly conllict should be (lismisied as the wildest of night mares. Hang! Patrick Moody takes the tloor and the love feast is turned into a hear garden. "What have you ever done for the working man'." asks this riifant hr rihli to the clergymen. A silly question, to be sure; a very improper one at any rate; one that no s. If respecting clergyman, newly chris- tianized, would answer in any way but by putting out the questioner. And so the) put Moody out. In the middle ages they would have ro isted him alter cutting his tongue. THE LAND QUESTION. it is reported from Ashland, Wis., prov, ment of the road as to make it that the news of the passage of the more and more valuable-to the stock (icneral Land Forfeiture bill has caused j holders. They assume, of course, that great rejoicing among the squatters of 1 the good of the stockholders is identical the three counties chielly concerned in its operation. "Hy the terms of this bill, says th" dis patch, all boim ti'lr settl-rs on the rail road lands to Ik' restored will gain pref ercitce of site for actual residence. The Ashland Land District is probably cut up more with railroad grams than any other district in the country. There are supposed to be between "..',000,(11 (l and ;!,ooii,tiou acres in this district that will be affected by the" lew lull. Nearly everv uuarter section of any ve'" con- i!iins H Milliliter, and where tli me is and where tti ol unu-ual growth there are some pie w no reiy on uie roan uu uccomuiu instances as high as a dozen cl man's (,aU m fR)n ull anvit,tj. HS to its flUu,e." for the same tract. 1 lie latin , to be restored are within the grants to the We suggest that these (iovernment Wisconsin Central. Northern Pacitie :m.tols iax,. richlv deserved to be and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha roads." kicked out of office as the accomplices No one will grudge the poor sqii.it'ers of the Union Pacilic thieves in a plot to any henelit which they may derve un- ; d fraud the nation. The only way for der present social conditions from he the government to repay itself not provisions of the law. Hut this l-noiit ultimately, but immediately is to fore can in most cases be neither great nor ! ck.se the mortgage upon the road; and lasting. Owing tv the wealth concen- it is also the only way in which the trating process which in a feature of the j wngo system ami 1h now an active in , nriciiHiiro as in any other industry, the Hinall farms that they liaveMiicceeded in wresting from the grasp of railroad monopolists must sooner or later pans into t lie hands of other grabbers. Hut, wens the lienetit great nl lasting, what right, wo should ask, has the national government to enrich the Hniij,,HH (,f t)ie preHeiit at tlie expense of the landless of the future? Why t-houhl the monopoly of enriched squatters be substituted for the monopoly of railroad kings ? In connection with tlnn subject, we call attention to the second plank of the platfotm adopted hy the New York So cialist Conference, w hich reads as fob lows: " That the public domain he declared inalienable; and that its immense nat iit at wealth, now dormant while mil lions of willing workers are sutrering from want in enforced idlenesH, be developed hy the National ( iovernment for the henelit of the whole nation, who collectively owns it and should forever remain the collective owner of it." FORECLOSE! The debt of the Union Pacific Uailroad Company to the United States (iovern ment falls due in 1S!)." and 1H1I0. On January I of this year it amounted to lifty-one million dollars and it w ill Hp proximate sixty million dollars by the time appointed for its payment. It is secured by a part only of the property of the company, although this vampire corporation owns nothing that was not a fiee gift of the nation or paid for with money advanced by the government. Hut it seems to us quite evident that Ihi' enormous slice of the public domain w hich was granted to the Union Pacific can be reclaimed or at least seized hy the United States if the company should fail to meet its obligations. Again, in view of the fact that the corporation has repeatedly violated its charter, and that its management has been marked j 1y fl.ttUl, ,,.,, jOI)) briber and other criminal practices on a stupendous scale, it seems quite plain also that it is not only the right but the duty of Congress to w ipe it out of existence. In this light the annual report of the (iovernment Directors to the Secretary of the Interior is an insult to common sense These men, ostensibly appointed to take good care of the interests of tlu (iovernment, are actually, like their predecessors, acting in the interest of the company by advising that the time for the payment of the debt he extended. In return for this extension they otTer a mortgage on the whole property of the Union Pacilic, which, they say, would increase by thirty-four million dollars the amount of security now held tll(, government; just as the lawyer j ()f a t1t,f mjgi,i 0lVr a security upon i ,, stolen property on condition that he, the thief, would be allowed to keep it, use it. and pay for it out of prolits to be made hy further stealings. They do not argue that the company is unable to pay Its debt, but they promise to so apply its financial resources to the im- with the good of the nation and the populations which are rapidly settling along the line of the Union Pacific, and th. y recommend the passage of Senator I" rye's bill, which, they say, "will re move completely the embarrassment under which the road sutlers at present, will insure to the government the nlti Hnic repayment of every dollar which it has advanced, and will relieve the peo- people may lie relieved from nil anxiety as to its future; for the road will neer , ,, . , , , I .-I U'MII'1 U'l'MI, IIUHVM I, linn (IIILIIWII. be run in the interest of the people until , ,. .. . ! anti monopolist appeared in a new role as it is their own property, as it should I ft rniroail ,lvvver. He is now the Oen- alwayshave been, i oral Solicitor of the Missouri, Kansas it . i Te.vas Railway Company, which he NOTES, ' represents in the proceedings lately ins- The Draconian laws against the Socia-1 titl,t, J jt ll' Attorney lists in Ccrmuny exnired on October 1. "'"'''' the forfeiture of Like all unjust measures of repression, , charter, "hid. it, has repeatedly v.o they served a pu. pose exactly the reverse I "" 1,1 the of that, intended hy their promoters. ! 'Iveston Ac'cn Simon Sterne .a.nfesses Under them the Socialist party has been tlll ,,f ,h" f"ur 'i-!re.l million dollars welded into a compact, well-d.sciplined , body, and raised from a fourth or tilth I " """""""J "1""'"'"'" l"u rate ,,a.ty to the rank of the topmost 1',""irt"1 lif,' "'illil'n doll,,rt, ure party in the (ierman empire, while His- i l,urt' "vvilt,'r"- "lHn which the stock niarck, the quondam ruthlo reckless ! '''l'T dm themselves ent.tled to etd'orc r of the repressive tyranny, w ! ,lr,tw dividends by charging exorb.tant now himself laid by, impotent, neglected and discarded. Let the American Bis-marcko-inaniacs take warning, and save themselves the trouble of entering the lints against destiny. The rule of the people, Socialism, is coining; and as the wind mills did with the silly knight of romance, it will Ihng aside all its Quixotic opponents whether they be iron-listed yunkersor bourgeois corruptionists. The "gallant" otlicers of the Sixty ninth Kegiment had the audacity of emanding the Tompkins market site j for a new armory at a cost to the city of over $10(1,000. As election draws near and an appropriation to this amount for an aiinory site would be too shocking in view of the condition of the public schools, the Armory Hoard advised the ollicers of the Sixty-ninth to look for some cheaper site "below Fourteenth s reet". Castle (iarden was immediately suggested by an unterrilied Major. When election is over, we have no doubt that the Sixty-ninth will he ablu to obtain the Tompkins market and any additP nal amount of money that may be necessary to erect a fortress on the edge of the tenement house district, regardless of the condition of the schools in t'ris or any other district. The large stuns of money recently paid out by the Treasury for the pur chase of bonds amounting in the aggre gate to fifty three millions of dollars since Sept. 1 have not to any extent quickened speculation in stocks; but speculation in cereals has been greatly facilitated, and we make hold to predict ! a corner in wheat at no very distant date. It, is true that contrary to all ex pectations the wholesale prices of food- stutTs have rather declined than ad- j vaneed since the money market has been j amply supplied by the disbursements of the Treasury. Hut this shows simply that the cornerers are conducting their operations with considerable care and sagacity. Know ing that the farmers are in great need of cash, they are aide to keep prices down in spile of heavy purchases. Later on, they w ill drive them up to their hearts' content. If the basis of Congressional represen tation is raised to 180,0110, as 'proposed in Mr. Dunnell's bill, the next Kleelornl College will number 112 instead of -101. The representation of New York will: remain as it is; hut, o ing to changes in other States, the Republicans will gain -l seats (counting 8 seats for the new Slates) and the Democrats live; that j ject to the term "class struggle" gene is, barring out the possibilities of a j rally do not understand what it implies; great lahor movement and of such ;ro- ' and those who use it approvingly do not found changes as may be wrought out j infrequently attach to it a mistaken hy the forces tit work among the far-' meaning A careful perusal of this pas mers. ; sage will he instructive to all ; .aHS strift bet ween the two clas Hear in mind that, the melting of the mass into one compact a. id homogeneous whole requires the strongest tire of prin ciple, and the use of any material calcu- I lated to reduce the intensity of that lire . must be sternly forbidden. We can no 1 more think of compromising principle i for the sake of a false, delusive and transient political union between out- : spoken socialists and timid conservatives j than Dr Mctilynn could think of eilec- ting a religious union of those who iiilieve in the divinity of Christ with those who believe in the divinity of Juggernaut. A dozen )cars ago Simon Sterne, a prominent lawyer of tins city, was also a pr minent "anti monopolist", so-called. Mis ambition was to he Uailroad Com missioner, or something of that sort. In an evij hour he signed a call for a mass meeting, which was held under the auspices of Uoyal Phelps and other ' tax- Piivers" fur the purpose of disfranehisini: every citiz -n who could not justify in a ! Feudalism could not he broken and the ... ... " feudal iord left untjuched. Slavery certain amount ot property. i he mee- , 0,ul(1 not ler,m,,vlHl without overthrow ting, w hich w as attended by John Swin- j ;nkr the slave-holders., ton and a larize number of indignant ! lt cpnnot be d nied that the class Socialists, was a stormy one and resul ted in the arrest of those who were loud in their protests; but it put an end to the disfranchising plots of the plu- tocracy and very effectually killed Simon Sterne as an aspirant to political "lt" l"e " I"1 M,,ru "w rates of transportation Hut his argu ment in defense of these monopolies is actually more conclusive against them than any which he ever presented in his unti -monopoly days. It is, in substance, that the same practices are general throughout the country, and that the economic tendency to consolidation is too strong to lie checked by any legisla tion short of the complete absorption of the railways by the national govern ment. An attorney interested in the Chicago ,ias (.,lse wiys ,,0 application for the vv rit o' .no warranto w ill give the his tory of the various gas companies for ming the Trust, It will show that they have violated their charters in certain respects by joining the Trust, and will ask for the forfeiture of the same. The application will lie placed on the court calendar to be heard perhaps at once, perhaps not for a year. Ought not every "American'1 citizen of Brooklyn to resent the police outrages recently committed in that city? Is there any way of resenting it hut hy voting for the Socialist Labor party ? Our Sections throughout the State are displaying commendable activity, and our friend (Jerau will surely receive a considerably larger vole than was ever cast for a State candidate of the Socia list Labor party. The Nationalists of the (5th Congres sional District of California have bravely put up T. II. Wilsbire as their candidate upon a sound, strong, and aggressive platform. Mr. Wilsbire is a thorough Socialist, an active worker, a good or ganizer and an excellent speaker, We expect to hear of lively times in his extensive district during the campaign Pity it is that corporation greed should associate the distinguished name of Edi son with injustice towards employes but so it is, Mow much of the two millions Webb spent upon "confessions" is unknown but we know he has so far made very little out of them. THE CLASS STRUGGLE. ,'iie following is a substantial transit , tion from the (ierman of a passage in an article by K. Kautsky in the September issue of the AViic Zeil. It is upon the important matter of the class struggle ! in the lahor movement. Those who oh- es of the proletarians and capitalists is not one that can be introduced into or at will left out of the social movement. It is the natural result of the conflicting interests thai exist, between those two ekisses, a conllict that is as old as the cap italist form of production itself, that is born of and can only cease with it. The class strife is not the product of Socia lism; just the teverse, it has furnished the foundation to both Socialism and the labor movement. Socialism does not ,,, ll.io slrif... if ,,nl,- ..lluJj li,. ,,,. ,h.lt 0X1'Mm ,)0int8 to the law- ; thereof, and elucidates its significance, i U is not an invention of Socialism; wherever the contrast exists between ( lass interests, that strife will be found. None better than socialists know that the source of the exploitation, of the sufferings of the proletarians, is to be traced to the whole social system and not to lie charged to individuals Yet, no battle can be fough! against a system without at the same lime locking horns with the individuals who represent ami defend it. Abstract I attics for or against ideas and institutions may be wuv-d only in the heads of thinkers; such, i however, are impossible in practice. struggle going on between proletarians and capitalists is repulsive to the bulk of the cultured class. This circumstance does not, however, prove that the class struggle should be rejected; what it does prove is that the bulk of the cultured (dass, however exalted they may imagine themselves to he above class hatreds, are in fact not unbiased in the matter hut at heart do sympathize with the capital ist. Were their objection indeed to the nature of the struggle and not to its hostile tendency against the capitalist, these would not, as they do, find fault with the proletarians only, hut they would blame the capitalists as well for cnri) ing on this struggle. Truly impar tial in this conllict of classes can he only tlnse book-worms who are able to forget -the world of facts while poring over their dusty folios. Such men may be honorable enough, even useful in some respects; yet are they utterly useless in connection with the" practical matters that spring out of social questions. To all others the social panorama can pre sent no other picture but that of a struggle between an upper and a lower dog, and he whose sympathies are truly ith the lower the proletarians win not feel himself repelled by their class struggle, However distasteful all strug gles may be to him, he will understand that the proletarians do not carry on this struggle out of haughtiness or for the sake of a theoretic whim, but simply because l he struggle that is forced upon them is a social fact; ho will notice that the proletarians are not always the ag gressors, nor the capitalists always the attacked, or the persecuted innocents they appear to be; he w ill be able to per ceive that wherever there is seeinii -ly an unprovoked outbreak on the part of labor, such outbreak can always be traced back to systematic extortion and ill-treatment on the part of the capita list. Of such incidents, of course, those "cultivated classes who feel no sympa thy for the proletarians know-nothing. They only see the insignificant drop that trickles down lroni the overtlowing glass; they only see the bitterness that manifests itseit, all the more vehement and planless, the more oppressed labor has been, the more persistently it has been denied all opportunities tor culture and organization, None more than Socialists deprecate. none more than they endeavor to avoid such planless out breaks hot li by reason of the victims they demand and their utter fruitlessiiess. None more than Socialists strive to supplant the low, personal form of the class struggle with the higher one of principle ; but so long as the contrast of classes continues they neither could, should, nor w ould lay it aside. When to-day a person of educa tion declares he sympathizes with the proletarian but would have nothing to do with Socialism because "it raises the standard of class conflicts", he only shows that either he has no understan ding of what the term implies, or that his sympathies are in fact on the side of the exploiters. In the latter alternative his argument is a flimsy pretext; in neither case does the social movement lose aught if such elements stay away. On the other hand, the social movement re ceives with open arms all those-who are honest in their sympathies with the pro letarian. The view that only the "horny handed sons of toil" are entitled to par ticipate in the class struggle of the pro letarian, never met with general accep tance, and bin not to-day any represen tative among socialists. They reject neither men of culture nor even men of property. The appearance of these ele ments in their ranks, however, affects the class character of the movement no more than did the appearance of the C;nite of Mirabeau, of the Marquis of Lafayette, of the Abbe Siey6s, and of Talleyrand, the bishop of Autun, affect the character of the struggle between the class of the third estate and that of the privileged orders. lt must be admitted there is little hope of eveK winning over to Socialism the bulk of the "cultured classes". They may he easily moved to a platonic admi ration of the ultimate anus of Socialism 'provided it ceased be practical, gave up the class Htruggle, wasted its strength in Utopias, and dropped the idea of giving a direction to the social movement that should redound to the henelit of the proletarians. All talk to the contrary notwithstanding, that which the bour geois hates about Socialism is not what looks Utopian to him, but that which he recognizes can be put into practical o; erution. It is an error to believe that but for Socialism there would he no class strug gle between proletarians and capitalists; the truth is that, without that class struggle there would be no Socialism. What Socialism has done is to give to this struggle, which formerly was spo radic, a permanent object; to unite into one compact body, conscious of its aim, the various disconnected detachments of labor; and it is only by reason of its par ticipation in the life issues between the two classes that Socialism has developed from a sect, or debating, body into a world-wide movement. The consciousness of a class struggle is essential to the elevation of the proletari at. It were idle to claim for it a natural superiority, morally and intellectually, over the bourgeoisie. On the contrary, the proletariat exists under such unfa vorable conditions that both its moral and intellectual powers would be stunted unless this process of degradation is counteracted. This il is that the class struggle accomplishes. Wherever a latxir movement has not yet been set on foot, the laboring class appears as a degraded mas unable by its own efforts to redeem itself, whence it comes that Utopians invariable propose the soiuti"ii of the social question from above downwards. Hut a paiticipation in tl." class struggle, in which so ner or later ail the strata of labor will be driven to take a hand, awakens the proletariat; stirs it up. cau ses it to realize its power; and quickens into activity all of the noblest instincts that lav latent in its breast. Thus hy degrees they become as though horn anew, and develop into the lings of which the uncoming social order wiii stand in need. I li ft! I t , " I, , ill- .