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WOKlv Ai r S rV J ) V O O A T W.
imiiiluT f lln workers; it i beyond i'n power t.i lii'iii-tit all. Ii. In this world it is not of k much i i j ii r t u i it--' to iniuii't' wIki is right, us td discover wild Ims tin' power to eti folee demands 4 Trade unionism does not super induce strikes, hut where the spirit of trade uniouisin is best lor example in tlie lirot lirrliood of Locomotive En gineers Millies are less flt'llent and the moral lone of the organization highest. lie vvu-t followed by three men, till trade unionists, who virtually agreed that the cllicacy of trade unionism, "pure and simple," was slight in these days, mul that a solution uf the lahor jirohlem must come through the halls of legitdation. Mr. (ilyn of Nationalist Club No, 3 came last. After calling attention to the admissions of the trade unionists themselves and to Mr. (rompers' claim that there is no right without the power to enforce it he hesolight the audience to recognize the tine path of industrial enrincipation. viz.: to or ganize all workers without regard to the particular manner in which they exercise their drains, nerves, or muscles, into one solid phalanx, w ho shall go to the polls and ly the peaceful exercise of their constitutional right, regain the country and its bountiful resorces. From the enthusiast ie applause which giveted these views it was i:pparant that the audience whs in full sympathy with them Mr. 'iompers grew restless and expressed his desire to go home. The floor was yielded to him and he forth with sailed into his critics in a style that was anything but parliamentary. He was astonished at the amount of misinformation and ignorance one trade unionist of thirty-live years' standing hail displayed. The impudence of another took him by surpiise because he had dared to ask what was a just wage to re ceive. The third was faint-beared and cowardly because he felt a little dis composed by the failure of a strike in which he had recently been engaged. Coming to Mr. (ilyn he shut the safety valve, an !, looking at him angrily, said : "Ue talks of the spoliation of the worker, but w hat has he done to relieve it? The trade unionist has given his dollars and cents, but he has given his wind." Mr. (ilyn, who has repeatedly given time and money for the relief of oppressed labor, protested against being the recipient of such personal abuse, lie appealed to the chair and was sustained. Thus brought to bis senses Mr. (Iompers attempted to extricate him self but concluded his remarks amidst a storm of disapprobation and emphatic denials of his statements. J. W. The Brewers' National Executive Hoard Nails Down a Traveling Lie. NATIONAL UNION OK THK UNITED BREW ERY .WOHKMEN OF THE U. 6. Edilor Workmen's Advocate: In the last issue of the San Francisco Arbciter Zeitung, whi:h has been sent broadcast in thousands of copies throughout the country, false and malicious statements are made by the President of the San Francisco Federation of Trades, Mr. Alfred Fuhniian, in conjunction with the Executive Commit' j of the Pacific Coat Brewers' Union, which was suspended by our National Executive Hoard, and we are therefore compelled to use the columns of your paper to deny all allegations. The charge of Mr. A. Fuhrman and others, that our National Executive Committee has granted a charter to the scabs of Weinhard, Portland, Oregon, so as to aid the latter in counteracting the etfect of a boycott placed upon his product, we denounce as a deliberate and vindictive falsehood, manufactured by Mr. A. Fuhrman tor the purpose of retaining his shaky position of promi nence, and to injure the honor of our National Executive a:id the respect for our National Union and place us in an unenviable light. Fritz Kofkelein, M'lIXIAM BtKGLEH, Martin Meik.r, Jacob Weber, Geokue (i. Koch. National Executive Quorum, E. Kurzenknabe, Nat, Sec'y. With no increase in its "working" capital the Edison Electric Illuminating Co. has succeeded in doubling its earn ings last year. Perhaps Edison himself gets only what he is entitled to as a great inventor ami, as such, a benefac tor of mankind, but the capitalists who "work" his patents are cettainly exploit ers of the people and it were high time our various municipal governments re sumed their rights in the public franchi ses that have been granted to those bloodsuckers. Can any one understand this pieci of municipal financiering, which the Fas sett Committee has just exposed to view? The revenues of the Dock Department of this city from 1870 to date have lieen $19,388,000 and the expenses f 17,303,000, leaving a balance of $2,085,000. The re ceipts, however, are turned into the city treasury and the expenses are met by the issue of bonds, of which nearly $17,000,000 are outstanding, with $s OOO.ObO interest due on them. Ami so, under the pretext that this great citv reeded line stone bulkheads with broad water front streets, we have accu mulated a debt of $2.5.000.000 and kept our old rotten piers with narrow aud filthy approaches. SOCIALIST AGITATION IN NEW YORK CITY. 11.(1. VtiMilie Ad.li tt B Mils. Mf.l Ini; i" the XV II. Anxeiulily ll-trlrt-'"iiit'tttloii IIhn romtiilttrtl Niilchle. II. (i. Wilshire spoke at the agitation meeting held m the 17th New York As sembly District last Thursday, as fol lows . "The chief point for Socialists to hold to view in presenting the principles of Socialism to the unconverted is the practicability of national co-operation. The ethics of Socialism are so palpable that it is almost wasting time to discuss them. All will admit that it would be an eminently just social system that would give to every toiler the whole product of his labor. "The ground that the opponents of socialism rest their arguments upon, is either the impossibility or the undesir ability of substituting co-operation for competition in the production of commo dities. "As to the first objection it is best answered by an examination of the methods now in use by those who con trol the machinery of production. "For instance consider the production of flour; for certainly if bread is the stall' of life and if we discover that Hour is manufactured no longer competitively but cooperatively, then we have at least demonstrated the practicability of the production of one of the chief necessities of life without the assistance of competition. On investi gation we shall find that a very great part of Hour sold in this city and in fact throughout the United Slates is ground at the Pittsburg mills, in Minneapolis; that Mr. Pillsbury, backed by English capital, not only controls the great ma jority of the Hour mills in the Northwest brt thai he also owns the wheat eleva tors and the water power; that he sells to the retailers Hour at a certain fixed price and requires them to siun a con tract agreeing to retail the flour at a certain advance on the Pillsbury price. "Thus does the Pillsbury flour syndi cate not only dictate to farmers as to the price of wheat through their control of the elevators and warehouses, but they practically take away that vaunted pearl of great value, "individuality", from the corner grocery man and make him simply an agent to distribute flour rather than a free Robbin Hood of com merce who can buy and sell at priceB made by himself as a free agent. "We therefore sen that Pillsbury, the man best qualified to judge as to the practicability of the elimination of com petition in the production of tlour, has most positively decided in the affirm ative. "After considering bread we must na turally consider meat as the next prime necessity. No one need go into any elaborate discussion of the practicability of Mr. Phillip Armour, of Chicago, run ning his business without the famed spur of competition. Has not the Armour leef combination absolute control of the field and is there the remotest pros pect that competition will ever again be re-established in the dressed beef busi ness? "The next prime necessity would be sugar and we find monopoly again triumphant ; and so on down the list of articles that constitute the bulk of the prime necessities of existence. And wherever monopoly is in control we find competition dead and buried beyond the hope of resurrection. "The practicability of doing away with competition needs no theoretical de monstration when we can find so many practical examples. To-day the problem that confronts the bourgeoisie and their political hirelings, their Shermans, HIaines and Clevelands, is not "How to stitle competition" but "How to keep competition alive " Hence their absurd anti-trust laws and the like. "As to the desirability of doing away with competition; at present the people have really nothing to do with the deci sion. Rockefeller, Armour & Co. have decidedl that they don't desire competi tion and therefore the fiat is that com petition is undesirable. But in reality the consumers are benefitetl by the many savings of consolidation and the loud squeals that are heard against trusts come mainly from the weak ones of the bourgeoisie, who are being squeezed into the ranks of the prole tariat lecause they are unable to com pete with their more powerful pluto cratic rivals. "With competition dead already in at least half our industries and dying in the other half we cannot but see the light breaking on the social horizon which betokens the dawa of the new era ; an era when poverty will be un known and men will te brothers. While this change in inevitable and will come alxiut whether humanity wills it or not, yet it is our duty to assist and to hasten this evolution "The Socialist Lalor party is the only ttartv whose platform recognizes butli the inevitability and desirability of the advent of socialism ; it is the party that you are called upon to support by every motive that justice, philanthropy and generosity can summon. NATIONALIST CLUB NO. 3. "What Are We to Do in the Mean time!" H. (I. Wilshire lectured at the Club last Sunday on the above subject. In the course of his address he touched upon the recent silver bill, and showed that if the government increased the volume of silver currency by the free coinage of all the silver they could get, the only effect it could have was to de preciate the value of silver currency comparatively with other commodities. s a consequence the laborer might re- j ceive more stiver iioi.irs inr a given. plant ity of work, bin this would be of j no advantage to him. I lis material con- ; litiinis ami surroundings would remain ! the same No more bread, no better clothes, no better lodgings. The lecturer closed with I lie admoni tion that sincere Nationalists and Social ists must always be ready to explode t be false isiie capitalism w as raising, such as Free Trade Protection. Free Silver, iVc, and wherewith I he bourgeois w as ever striving to befool the proletariat. Pror. White (Prohibitionist) was the only opposing critic, lie believed in fiat money. . ( . Owen was of opinion that "what we should do in the meantime" was to contine ourselves closely to the science of industrial co-operation. We should teach I lie seien! itic correctness of our theory of exchange value, the sui cidal tendencies of th eotnpeli'iv. sys tem and its degradation of the masses, the injustice of the wage-system, and lie many ot her subjects t rented by Marx and other Socialistic authorities. A. Cuban and H, (ilyn spoke in the same vein. In closing comrade Wilshire admitted, for the sake of argument, I hat Prof. lutes proposition of government lssti ing $30.00 per capita was possinle, and then cornered the Professor by showing how the $5(1 tHI per capita, even if paid into the hands of the industrial workers, would in ai-hort time land into (build's or Vanderbilt's crib, ami be withdrawn from circulation. Railroads in New York State. So closely interdependent are the transportation systems of the country that a report of a state railroad coiiimis sion which did not contain some refer ence to the general railroad situation, and to the work of the chief of the rail road commissioners of the country, the Interstate Commerce Commission, would lie an anomaly. Naturally such refer ences are to be found in abundance in the report of the Board of Railroad Com missioners of so important a state as New York. The commissioners in their report just issued point out that the general situation of railroad business throughout the country for the year last past has been a further development of the conditions outlined in their last annual report. Special features have been the maintenance and proposed ex tension of the traffic associations by means of which they have endeavored to keep transportation rates at profit able, or at least living, figures, and the continuance of the tendency to consoli dation referred to in the last report. To such an extent has this tendency gone on that about one hundred thousand miles of railroads, or two thirls of the entire mileage of the country, appear to be now controlled by fourteen separate in terests and corporations. Some reference is made in the report to the decisions of the Interstate Com merce Commission, particularly to the decision holding certain rates of freight on cereals between the Mississippi river and the eastern seaboard cities, to be unreasonable. The influence of the In terstate Commerce Commission on the syBtem of state railroad regulation is seen in the change of the fiscal year for an nual reports of railroads in the state of New York. Numerous railroads of the state petitioned for a change of the date for their annual reports trom neptcmber 30, to June 30, and the board made that recommendation to the legislature, transmitting a bill to carry the same into effect. This bill became it law hut pear. Uader it the railroads are now obliged to make one annual report in stead of two, as before. The number of accidents on the rail roads of the state sh w a noticeable in crease as compared with the preceding year. The number killed in the year ending September 30, 1800. was ()!).", with 1,434 injured, as against 589 killed and 1,10.) injured in 189. The most serious cause of death, whether to em ployes or others, was walking or being on "the track. The statistics of deaths ami injuries from coupling cars show that the statutes with regard to automa tic couplers have so far had little or no effect. Grade crossings come in for the usual share of attention, the board de claring that every year's experience proves that laws are necessary prohibit ing railroads, hereafter constructed, from crossing intersecting highways at grade, except u(on permission, provid ing that existing urade crossings shall he separated, provision being made for the equitable apportionment of the expense between the railroads and the communities benefited, and prohibiting highway commissioners from laying out new highways over railroads ut grade, except upon permission In order to prevent what is popularly known as stock-watering the General Railroad act of New York was amended in 180 by inserting the provision that no company shouid increase its capital tock except w hen sanctioned by a vote of two-thirds in amount of the stock holders and by the Board of Railroad Commissioners, and that under no circumstances should any railroad com pany increase its stock without such approval. The board declares that in the exercise of its discretion under this act it has followed what it deems to lie the spirit of the law and a conservative public sentiment. It r cognizes that stock issued at a great discount affords great opportuniti s for a large proli', provided the earning capacity of the road increases, but that in case it docs imt it offers oppori unities for titiM iiipu-loil- pel s 'tis to nht till posses-ion of I he property at a nominal rate, and a I minister it (or their o n priv.tte benelit w ithout regard to public inlercs's or the I rue int. rests ut t he property. It points out, however, that the law still permits a railroad corporation to increase its bonds without the approval of the boat I, mul to issue them at any discount if it sees tit. The board repeats its previous recom mendations for legislation to prohibit street railroads hereafter la) ing center bearing rails, and to compel such com panies to replace the center bearing rails now laid with a rail of better con struct ion, at the rate of 20 per cent, per annum, w hen so required to do by the local authorities ol any city or village of the state ; to prevent the unnecessary duplication of railroads, to prevent dis cii m i tiit t it ill by railroads against shippers by canal, an I to establish the respons ibility t.f railioad corporations for dam ages by lire ci liiiuiimcati d from their locomotive engines Itradxtrwt'tt. Some tracts of valuable pine lands in Wisconsin, which are still a part of the public domain, have lately been thrown open to settlers by the government. The tlisgracef u1 scenes which usually attend such opportunities of getting rich at the expense of the nation were again wit nessed and the militia had to be called out to preserve order. It is reported that most of the squatters are the tin ploye-t of wealthy lumbermen, by whom they are sent i n salary and in some cases with the promise of a small bonus to secure a title f rom w hich t he bosses will derive an enormous profit. We have repeatedly called attention to the necessity of a popular movement in favor of abolishing our public land law s and proclaiming the public domain inalien able. Last fall the .socialist Labor party of New York inserted in its plat form a demand to this tITect. The subject ought to be taken up by labor orgnnizi tions throughout the country. The stock brokers are enjoying a vaca. tion. The Wall street transactions in stocks last week were one million shares less than during the preceding week, show ing a decline of 00 per cent in spe culation. It does not appear, however, that the earth, or the sun, or any of the heavenly bodies are revolving at a less rate nf speed. It does not "ven appear that anything on earth, outside of Wall street, has fallen into comparative re pose. The industries in the stocks of which the brokers are dealing are neither more nor less active than they were a a week ags. How is this? Are not the brokers and the speculators ami the ca pitalists necessary to industrial life? Are they, perchance, mere parasites living upon the industrial body ? If so, it is an unclean society that does not rid itself of such vermin. The receipt of a sample copy of this paper is an invitation to subscribe 1)1 KKCTOKY OK AMKKICAN HKCTIONH ISohton, Maun Public agitation mtwtlnifB at (I A. U. Hall, UIU Washington st reet, overyHim day evenlnir at " Hi o'clock. Free to all. business niotttlnifs, first Mmi'luy evenings In each month, Ht N Nassau hi. Organizer, P. K. O'NhII, 4S hfen-tt street Charlestown. Hue. Secretary, E. tC. Miller. 1 Adams utreet, Cambridge Biiookltn American Section No. 1 meets every Thursday evening at K'l. Then's Hull, : Tompkins ave.. K. I). Organizer, Mcnry Kulin, 2(11 Kllery st. Bhooki.tn American Section No. 2. W. Dint. Hiifl'iess meeil gs every &l Monday ami agi tation meetings on Weclnt-iiiyn of each month at 17T Montague si., cor (Union Organizer. C. H. Mstc ett, hi Smith st. Hkookltn - American Seeelio" No H, So, Dlstr. meets cvciy week and Frederick Lclse'n Mail, 42T T we ft l st So. oryni.izer, .lames J. Withers WW Mil ave. Chicaoo Hu-lness meeting every Sunday af ternoon, ! o'clock, ut lire.f's Hull, M Lake street. I'uhlie agitation meetings every Sunday at .lung's Mall. M Itanttolpn street Organizer. HtiiIihpI llerlyn, til MB (jreen St., hngiewood. Cook Co . 111. inc(i(i, Ii.i. Jewish Section meets every week. I' Sis-man, Organizer, sfl Johnson street. IlCNKiaK, N. Y. Veet each 1st and .w Sunday, i i m., at ail l.ion st Frank Feist, 21 Huberts It iad. Organlz r. I,o Amielkw. i ai. Me-ttitirs every week. K. V Selmaliel, Mitt Km kwood ave, Organizer Minneapolis. Scandinavian Section. Agitation Meetings, every second and fourth Mon days In each month. Business Meetli gs, every first and third Monday. Organizer, P. I'ederen, I O. Box 1l)S4. Niw York. American section: Agitation meet ings every Monday evening at 25 Kast Fourth ATTENTION! JUST PUBLISHED! A XEW KD1T10X ol Capital," ONE VOLUME, Elegantly Bound in Cloth, -FOUR VOLUMES, Paper Cover, at 30c. Each, At these low prices thousands KF.NH YOt'K THE NEW YORK 25 E. FOURTH street- Organizer, Augie-t Pel aim r, 2.1 Kast Fourth si reel NkwIUu v conn - Meetings at the New Hall. second house troni ecrner Slate ami t 'Impel sts Kiitraiice from stale si. M Knitter, si Urn id -t t irgani.er Nkw II i 'v ( nN. - derm, oi American Section met t ec y 1st and .1 1 Meinlaj s, at the l.a li V l.ecil!ll. 'll'.l Male si I ' 1 1 I a l K i i -1 1 1 , I'a - Agttai .it meetings every Tuewlai' etenlug tt Mcminn Mar Half, northeast corner of Math and callowlilll streets. Secretary, .1 til Necker, 411 Vine street. Organizer, W. II. Bishop, 1119 Sar tain street I'liu.AiiKi.l'HiA. I'a .---Flemish Section meets Firts Sunday hi each month, at the l.ahor l.vceiiui, 111 N Mli st Pe Uruyn, I'M.I tt arnock st. l'liiLAnri i'ttiA, I'a -French Branca meets every second Sunday at It.'Hi a, m. at Asehha' her's Hall, corn, orlana and Somerset sts Ishlor I'liockaei't Sec'y , .'tnis tt h st PuovtnrNcK K 1 - Steeling tirst Sunday of each mouth, 2 o'elnck p in , Slade's iiulldlng, Itoom 22. Organizer, Franklin Burton, Sampson av. Tacoma, Wash Meetings every week at Jeffer son House. 2 OH Jefferson avenue. l'liailt-s lliees. Organizer, 'Uili K street. Wai.tuam, Mass - I'elille meeting eery week. N. It Vaniey, Organizer. 20 High st. Mrs. Mart tiuntiiiig, lice Sec'y, 2ti l.ilierty st. VS' Si i'Kitiott, Wise Meetings every week, organizer, I' O Bo 2.M. Y'inkmi. N. V Meetings on Jirst and third Tuesdays of each month, at S p. m. In Koch's ilall. eor. ''alnsl. A So. Broadway, F.dtniind Mueller, 121 Waverlv Place, or ganizer, l.lhniiy Agent: Fred, llennetts, HS arlmrton Ave. The Directory of seventy German American Sections will he found In Pita Socialist. rtvcvtlscmcnts. MANIFESTO OF TH1J COMMUNIST PARTY. HY Carl Marx and Frederick EngeL Authorized Kiajliuli Traunlathn, Kditai and Aitnvtu'eti by Frederick Fiujelx, "The Manifesto has heivine a historical document which we have no longer any ribt to alter," ritit i:, ... io ts. By purchasing a iiantlt y over IO copies we allow ;T per cent, commission. 1M' ni twit K 1) IIT Tint LABOR NEWS CO. 25 E. 4th ST, New York City. -FREE TRADE- A speech delivered In law hy KARL MARX, translated Into Kugllsli hy l'l.OUKNCK KKIJ.KY-WinCMNKWKTZKY, with a Preface written n 1WT l y FREDERICK ENGELS, and an Appendix containing Kxiracts from 'ha Mlserede la I'lillosophle' hy KAlth MAHX, Trie, BB Cents, Pontage Free. LABOR NEWS CO., 25 EAST 4TH ST , N. Y. CITY. LABOR NEWS CO., 25 Kast Fourth Street. 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