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JjIids IIopklDB L'nivcutty mmwws ADVOCATE. Qcm 5ptHf Sattttdatf, cbniavy 14, 1891 JvLc 3 CtnU ORGANIZED LABOR. WEEKLY MEETING OF THE CENTRAL LABOR FEDERA TION. Seventy Organizations, with u Mem bership (if over HO, 000, Now Hep resented in the C. L. F. The Cloak-makers' New Struggle A Stirring Resolution Down with the Contractors They Are Itlood siifli ingr Parasites and Must l!e Annihilated The Miners' Benefit -Brooklyn and New York Fed erated, etc., etc. The, large meeting room was far too small to hold the delegates last Sunday, and it Incomes more and more apparent that larger and more rommo lious head quarters liniHt kooii he found. A delegate of the Upholsterers' Union was chairman and a delegate of the Hoot it Shoe Workers' was vice-chair man. Credentials were roeeived from the Beer Drivers' Union, Carriage & Wagon linkers, Newspaper Printers No. 1, Typographic Union No. 7. Italian Stone Masons' Protective Union, Amalgamated Brass Workers' No 2, and a new union, the Brotherhood of Tailors, numbering '2,500 members. They were admitted. The Organization Committee reported excellent progress. It has successfully promoted the organization of different trades An English Tinsmiths' Union and a Bonnet-makers' Union are in the course of formation. Three delegates were elected to the General Executive Board to be formed by the Central Labor Federations of New York and neighboring cities. One of the delegates is from the Socialist Section, one from Typographic No. 7 and one from Ale & Porter Union No. 1. A committee of the Working Women's Society was granted the privilege of the floor and stated that the society has nothing to do with the bill for the regu lation of female and child labor which bad been submitted to the C. L. F, last Sunday for its endorsement This so ciety had another bill pending before the Legislature, which in the opinion of the committee was far more compre-hen-ive and better in every respect. Some of its chief features were briefly given and a copy of the bill itself will be handed to the committee of the C. L. t , Action was consequently postponed un til the report of the latter committee is submitted, The Cloak-makers reported several victories over the contractors. A delegate of the New York Section S. L. 1'. ottered the following resolution, which was adopted with great applause: Wherkas, Contractors have on every occasion and in every trade proved the despicable instruments of capitalists in the exploitation and degradation of the wage workers; and some of the most stupendous evils of the competitive sys tem, such for instance as "sweating." can be traced to the existence of this class of intermediaries between capital and labor ; Rt'solved, That the said class should be swept away ; therefore, this Central Labor Federation hereby pledges to the Cliukmakers its utmost support in all their present and future struggles against the contractors with a view to the complete annihilation of these blood sucking parasites. To aid the Singer Protective Union it was resolved to request members of organized labor not to buy any sewing machines of salesmen who cannot show a union card. Confectioners' Union No. 7 report the following shops as antagonistic to unions: Adler, 1504 2d Ave.; Frank, 1st Ave and 8lst st. Roth, Ave A, bet. 81 and f4th st. Referred to the Arbi tration Committee. The Miners' Benefit Committee re quested that $200 so far realized from the late performance be turned over to th Financial Secretary. Granted. It was reported that the Dramatic So ciety of Brooklyn had sent in a bill for $ 50.0l for expenses which the commit tee knew nothing of previously. Some of the charges appeared exorbitant. It was finally decided to pay the bill, but the Corresponding Secretary was in structed to w rite to the Society concern ing the matter. The Carl Sahm Club felt slighted be cause they had not leen mentioned in connection with the performance; they had originated the idea by volunteering to arrange a concert. It was reported that John Stimmel, proprietor of the Germania Assembly Rooms, had opened a butcher store Ht 7 and U 2d Ave. Organized Labor should not patronize this store, as Stimtiel has positively re fused to employ union hands in bis hall. The special committee on Wagon makers' Union reported that it had suc cessfully organized three shops. A special committee was elected to aid the Italian Stone Masons in the com ing struggle with the contractors. The Vest-makers' Union reported that they were arranging a picnic at Broin nier's Park. Everything would be union excepting the lieer. Upon this statement a resolution was adopted pro hibiting all the Unions of 'be C. L. F. to hold pic nicsinany park where union beer was not exclusively sold, at least on the day of such pic nics. The Children Jacket makers' Union won its strike against Boss Klein. Be sides gaming all the concessions origin ally demanded, its members are now working eight hours less per week than previously. They initiated 120 new members. The Progressive Clothing Cutters pre sented a resolution which n cites that the Garment Cutters' District 2;il K. of L., without having previously obtained the consent of the General Executive Board of the K. of L. which is necessary under their own constitution, are press ing a secret boycott against Todd, Sullivan and Baldwin wholesale cloth iers, whose extensive national trade those conspirators intend to ruin because the said lirm, as a friend of organized labor and a fair employer, has refused to dis. criminate between them and the open unions ; that the officers of the aforesaid Assembly are chemers who extort large sums of money from the employers that they persecute "as, for instance, in the case of Alfred Benjamin, who recently paid them $2,500 and yet was not re quired to make bis establishment a union shop". Organized Labor and the public at large are therefore requested to sustain the firm of Todd, Sullivan & Baldwin in its prevent honorable posi tion, and thus defeat the conspirators in their attacks against the trades unions. The resolution was endorsed and will be sent to other central bodies throughout the country. Correspondence between Mr. John McBride. of the Miners' National Exe cutive Corumitte, and the editor of the Workmen's Advocate was submitted, in conseouence of which the money collected for the miners will be held by the Treasurer of the C. L. F. subject to the decision of the Miners Convention to be held at Columbus, O., on Tuesday, Feb. 10. The meeting adjourned at 7.110 p. m SOCIALIST LABOR PARTY. t ent nil Committee of Sect ion New York. The Central Committee held its regu lar meeting last Wednesday. New dele gates were admitted fiom the Gth As sembly District and the Jewish Branch. Tickets were distributed among the dele gates for the Commune celebration. On Saturday the 7th instant, the 12th As sembly District will hold a n.eeting where the question of "Trade Unionism and Politics" will be discussed. The 1 1th Assembly District will celebrate W' h ington's birthday, February 22, with a ball. Three new members were presented from the 15th Assembly District, and their admission was approved. The 18lh and 20th Assembly Districts proposed the monthly publication and broadcast distribution of agitation handbills. The matter was laid over to the next meet ing. On February 19, the 21th Assem bly District will hold a public meeting. On February 16, the 20th Assembly Dis trict will hold a public merting and dis cuss tlie "Miver question. uarry Glyn will be the speaker. It was re solved to recommend to the Section the appointment of a commit'ee on Enter tai.. -lents, also the immediate appoint ment of a committee on the May Demon stration. It was decided that "the mem bers residing in the 21st Assembly Dis trict he enrolled in the 15th. The meet ing adjourned after consideration of several matters of interest to the party. Advance sheets of the annual report of the Illinois Railroad and Warehouse Commission say that there are 14,019 dies of tT-iuk in the State, with stock, bonds aid liabil.ries of $19".5,09S,274. Not quite 4 per cent, of the securities are held in Illinois, so that nearly all the profits of transportation go to capitalists outside of the State which supplies and supports the labor employed in making them. The net earnings per mile of road operated were 2,2:J7. During the year Sob jiersons were killed and 1,064 injured in railroad accidents. The Baltimore ft Ohio has acquired the Pittsburg & Western Railway by purchase. The road was owned by the Carnegies and other leading Pittsburg manufacturers, and it runs from Pitts burg to Akron, Ohio. NEW YORK SECTION. S K. Nhevltrh Vindicated -The Alimiril Humor tli lit H Wan a "Spy" Hraiided "An liiliuiioiiit Mumler" Hid Fear led Work in the Caime of Noiialliun I'rompteO by Pure and Honest Motive))- Important ltoutlue itunhieutt Trammeled. A meeting of the New York Section, which now, under the recent amalga mation, consists of all the former sec tions and branches of the party in this city, was held at the Labor Lyceum last Thursday evening, Feb. 5. John lleinriehs occupied the chair. Comrade Kuhn, on behalf of the Na tional Executive Committee, asked that an arrangement be made for contribu tions from the House Committee to the said National Executive for the ensuing year and proposed that the same be kept at f 20 per week, as it was for the past tim e years. The matter was laid over, to be taken up again after the reports of the House Committee and the Press Management Committee had been sub nutted. Upon lecominendation of the Central Committee a standing committee on entertainments, consisting of live mem Iters, viz: Merz, Wilson, A. Draeniel and Kiesling, was elected. The, Central Committee recommended also the appointment of a committee to arrange an eight hour demonstration on May 1st. Comrade Jonas moved that the matter be left in the hands of the Central Committee. Comrade Vogt moved as an amendment, that a com mittee of seven be appointed to take special charge of the demonstration and make all necessary arrangemedts. The amendment was carried ami the follow ing comrades were elected : Bohm, Vogt, Scldueter, Waldinger, Glyn, Chas. W agner and Schaefer. A motion of Comrade Herzlx rg, that only members of the New York Section be eligible to the aforesaid committee, was lost. It was then resolved to assume and pay the debt of the American Section. A committee of three, consisting of comrades Draetnel, Winter and Luxem burg, was elected to look into the indeb tedness. Hilkowitz moved a resolution of con fidence in comrade S. E. Shevitoh. Jonas moved, as an amendment, the adoption of the resolution and, furthermore, the appointment of a committee of three to send it to the Berliner Yvlkablatt for publication. The amendment was adopted, all except one voting for it. The committee consists of comrade's Jonas, Miller and Hillkowitz, and the resolution reads as follows: "Whereas, The enemies of our cause hive of late industriously circulated the absurd rumor that our esteemed comrade. S. E. Shevitch, was a "spy." Resolved, That the Amalgamated Sec tion of New York, in regular meeting assembled, hereby refutes with indigna tion this infamous slander and declares tfcat the fearless work of S. E. Shevitch in the cause of Socialism was prompted by honest and pure motives, and t at our full confidence in him remains unim paired. In accordance with a suggestion made by the 22nd Assembly District the Central Committee recommended that members of the old Sections who have paid their full dues in the District cam uaign organizations shall receive clear cards, without paying arrears in the old Sections ; provided, however, that this exemption shall not include the mem bers ot the former American Section. Comrade Schmidt moved that every member be required to pay all the arrears for which he may be indebted to the old Sectiom-, and his motion was adopted. Comrade Forker submitted the report of the Press Managing Committee, which was received and adopted. Comrade Kuerschner then submitted the report of the House Committee, which was also received and adopted. When the question of electing two members of the House Committee came up, Comrade II. Merz submitted in writing a motion to withdraw Kuersch ner as treasurer of the said committee, based on severe charges against the honesty of the latter comrade. The matter was referred to the Central Com mittee for investigation. Scbneppe and Prochiiow were re elected members of the House Committee. The request of the National Executive Committee was taken up and the House Committee was instructed to pay $20 per week for the first three mouths of the current year. The committer appointed to take sub scriptions for Hugo Hfllman reported that $J7.9S had been collected, and that a number of lists were still outstanding. Of that sum f 44 had been delivered tc Winter and $23.9S were the balance on hand. The report was adopted and it was ordered that the cash on hand be turned over to the Financial Secretary. The meeting adjourned at a very late hour. YONKERS. The SoelallxU Kxpelled from the Went ehenter Co. Central I.nlior t nlon -rt'luit They Iiil for the Cane of La bor in Yonkei-H -TolitlrHl TrlrkNteri, Slave-Driving Hokmh anil I'rolntlily AIho the ew York '. 1.. t . ill the Bot tom of the Trouble. The C. L. U. of Westchester County decided at their last meeting to expel the delegate's of the Socialist Labor parly. The whole mutter of expelling them was illegal inasmudh as it was not re ferred to the different unions for action. The only cause assigned was that they were a political party. Absolute proof can be furnished that (he Socialists have been the leaders of labor reform and improvement in West chester County. The establishment of the Labor Day parade was brought about by the untiring etTorts of one of our Yonkers 'omrades and against, the opposition of both the men and the bosses. It was the Socialists that suggested and carried out the various lectures on the economic question, which have resulted in making some of the workers of Yon kers "feed themselves at least as good as the bosses." It was the Socialists that suggested the calling of a meeting of the painters and plumbers, just before Labor Day, ltN9, hich resulted in the organization of those traders. It was the Socialists that insisted on the formation of a 0. L. U. in spite of opposition on the part of some of the con servative trade unions, and it was also the Socialist delegates that attended every meeting of that body and held it together through the winter wbe'ii near ly all the other delegates had deserte'd it. It was the Socialists wb, on two different occasions, lent the C. L. U. money to pay the deposit required to secure the Grove for the Labor Day celebration It was a Socialist that was elected Treasurer of the first Labor Day Picnic the only pic-nlc that was conducted with strict honesty. It was a Secia!ist that was elected Treasurer of the C. L. U. and whose honesty was so well recognized that he was again elected in spite of his protest. It was the Socialists above all others that insisted on the proceeds of the Labor Day celebration being devoted to the establishment ol a reading room for the woikingmen of Yonkers. In fact it as the Socialists who on every occasion snowed the workers me necessity of becoming edue'ated in order to release themselves from wage-slavery; and, finally, it was the Socialists who were throw n out of the O. L. U. without a moment's notice or the least excuse, because they were the only men the political tricksters and slave driving iiosses were reallv afraid of. For further jxirticidttrs nee eluewhere our ediUrrud on Wmkem Socialists and tlie C. L. U.) FRANCE. The Miners Taking 8tep In View of a General Htrike Throughout Kurnpe 1 lie Sailor Ol'i;ii'illiK on a Kormhl able St'ule. The miners of the Loire district (France) have issued a call for a national congress of the trade next month, in which they refer to the fact that similar congresses have already been held not only in England, but in Austria, Hun gary, Belgium, Spain etc., and that it were high time the French miners took the same steps in rational organization The congress will have to consider, among other matters of vital importance, 1 The 1st of May manifestation, and 2 the question of a general strike of the miners throughout Europe, which was referred by the International Miners' Congress of Jolimont to the various Eu ropean Federations. A double appeal has also been issued to all the sailors of the French merchant marine for a national congress of their craft to be held at Marseilles from the 15th to the 22d of March, one by the Marseilles syndicate, and the other, in co-operation w ith the said syndicate, by the national council of the Socialist La bor party, signed Jule-s Guesdes and Paul Lafargue, secretaries; Ferroul, treasu rer, and Vuesnel, collector. The miners' great strike at Kevin. which began on the lSMi of November, was still on and conducted with unsurpassed energy at the end of last month. lioy cotting on a large scale bail been re sorted to. Persons known for their an tagonism to the strikers could not enter a raft without causing the immediate desertion of the place by all "goisl citi zens." Likewise, they could not get haved bv anT barber. Unions and' federations are rapidly in creasing in meuiliership. The Socialists are very active and their travelling speakers are received everywhere by large and enthusiastic audiences. BROOKLYN. Proceedings of the S. L 1' Kings Co. Committee. The second regular monthly meeting of the S. L. P. County Committee was held on Sunday, Jan. IS, in the hall of the Brooklyn Nationalist 'Club No. 1, cor. Montague and Clinton streets. Com rade Klein of American Section No. I! presided. The County Organizer re ported that mass-meetings would not be belli every week, as previously ordered, until further action bad been taken by the new committee, While several sec tions reported in favor of holding such weekly mass meetings, the majority ob jected that the financial means of the party did not admit of the outlay re quired to carry mem on success! uuy. The Organizer said that any delay in agitation was hurtful and that every Socialist in Brooklyn should be up and doing, so that the vote cast last fall might be trebled next election. Delegate libers spoke to the same effect. Ame rican Section No. 11 reported some active work. I hey bad organized Section 4 with 21 members and now introduced the delegates of this new Section, who were admitted by the committee and welcome in the field of socialist labor. It was decided that each section shall delegate one of its members to the com mittee of arrangements that is to lake charge of the March (Commune) Fes tival. After the transaction of some routine business and the appointment of com rade's Wagner and Straghten as auditors of accounts, the committee adjourned to meet again on the third Sunday of February at the Brooklyn Labor Ly ceum. Brooklyn American Section No. 1. A regular business meeting of this section was held at Thens Hall on Feb. ), 1891. Comrade Schaefer presided. The financial secretary was instructed to get stamps te the amount of fo from the National Executive Board. The report of tlie ball rommittee was re ceived and its expenses paid. The per capita tax of the county committee was ordered to be paid. The following sub jects were then selected for discussion at the next meeting on i'eli. 1U: 1. The runners Alliance and So cialism. 2. How can we get the eight hour working-day. IS. American Federation. The section resolved tn take 25 tickets from the Arbeiter Buchnen Club for every performance. L VtcicilUHT, Sec' i. Third American Section of South Brooklyn. The Third American Section of South Brooklyn held a well attended meeting on Thursday evening, Feb, 5, at 427 Twelfth street. Two new members were admitted. Five dollars were appropriated for propaganda purposes. The greater part of the evening was devoted to a general discussion oil so cialistic topics, in the course of which a number of members gave their views in a highly interesting and instructive manner. This section was organized Nov. 111. 1890 and has been wonderfully pros perous in the short time of its existence It has an extensive library of socialistic literature for the use of its members. All sympathizers are cord inly invited to attend its public meetings, which are held every Thursday evenings, at 8 o'clock. A Kt.KiN, Sec'y. CHICAGO. Joint Convention of S. 1 I. Kertlonn Hinl Trades I'oloiiH to he llehl neit Sunday l'reparlnjj for the Commune Celebration. At the last regular me'etingof the cam paign committee of the United Socialist Labor party it was unanimously decided to hold a joint convention of all the members of the socialist sections of the city and of delegates represe-ntlng the socialistic trade unions on Sunday, Feb. 15, at 54 West Lake street, for the pur pose of making nominations for the spring election. It is expected that about 40 representatives of trade unions will be present. Last Sunday it was resolved by the various socialist sectiens to hold a grand ("ommune Celebration on Sunday, March 15, at 12th street Turner Hall, which undoubtedly will be a great success. If possible, our comrade Prof. I)e Leon will im the speaker of the occasion. Any surplus made at this Commuae Festival will be turned over to the campaign fund. Fraternally, G. A. HoF.iiN. The receipt of a sample copy of this paper is an invitation to Buliecribe. PORTUGAL. (lood Work of the National Labor Con Krt International Character of the ( litHn Struggle. In reviewing the work of the national labor congress recently held in Lisbon, ( I'rotesto (ierario, the socialist organ published in that city, says that the Portuguese woikingmen may well feel proud of the importance and succeis of that gathering, in which all the indus trial centres of Portugal were represented by their ablest men. Its resolutions were practical and vigorous. Measures were taken for an imposing demonstration on the first of May in favor of the eight hours work day. The Socialist prin ciple of the international solidarity of the proletariat w as proclaimed and the necessity of international action was consequently recognized. The hunibug ology of so-called "patriotism' was rebuked in the following resolutions, that were adopted by an overwhelming majority ; 1 The duty of labor organizations is to strictly maintain themselves on the ground of their class interests. 2 They must neglect no opportunity and no means of obtaining for the wage workers the greatest possible sum of liberty. It The causes of misery being the same in all parts of the world and reacting from each country upon the others, all demands for improvement must assume an international character; the commit tees of the various Portuguese associa tions must therefore keep themselves in constant relations with the Labor orga nizations of Europe and America, ITALY. I'rotrreiin of the Social Movement .- l)ii treiM ami lUeoutent Anion); the I'liemployed. A congress of Italian Socialists was held last month at Lugano. Tlie ques tions of organization and propaganda were the chief objects of the meeting. As to the first it was found that there were still, unfortunately, many ob stacles in the way, owing to the maiRciivres of the anarchistic faction Of the revolutionary movement. As to the second, it was decided to carry on a vigorous agitation in the country dis tricts, and Amilcare Cipriani will be sent out on a lecturing tour throughout Italy. The economic conditions are such in all parts of that beautiful, fertile, yet miserable country that Cipriani will have little difficulty in gathering every where vast audiences of eager listeners. Enforced idleness is increasing at a stu pendous rate. Driven at last by hunger to the necessity of organizing in order to make themselves heard, the working men are calling in large bodies upon the municipalities for work. These, how ever, are impotent; they make tine promises and ask the government for instructions. The government replies that there is no remedy. In the mean time the people those at least who have Home work or some property are freely bled for the support of an im mense war establishment in a time of profound peace. Few now turn to the church for alms, which the fat clergy it self feeds upon but claims to be too poor to give, and fewer still for dry words of consolation or promises of wealth in the hereafter. The Pope, however, is not blind to the progress of Socialism and will issue an Encyclical on Easter Day, calling upon the conservatives of all countries to place themselves at the head of the social democratic movement. His object is obvious. If the masses could again be fooled intoacceptingsuch a leadership as they were in 1789 and IMS the social question would soon be drowned in their own blood. It was announced last week from St. Louis that the American Biscuit Com pany had filed a mortgage amounting to $545,000 on all its holdings in Missouri, Nebraska, Wisconsin and Illinois. The deed is executed to the Jennings Trust Company of Chicago, and is secured by bonds which mature in 1901. The Com pany is fighting the New York Biscuit Company, and the mortgage is placed to pay for the new mill erected in New York. The American Company has a capital of $10,000,000; the United States Biscuit Company, $5,000,000. and the New York Company, 5.000,000. The present mortgage indicates that the war of the biscuit and cracker companies has commenced in earnest. No one doubts that this fight will sooner or later end in a complete consolidation of the industry. Nearly fifty anti-railroad bills are already lief ore the Nebraska Legislature. It has leen decided to make Railroad Commissicners elective.