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THE SOCIALISl LABOR PARTY n'BMHIIKI) KVF.IIY WKKH HI Tm NATIONAL K.XKCI TIVK imH. ('fill rnl Otllew, ,1 Fat Fourth Street. New York llv. lnlcn-.t liifrnrri "iiiliMii'i' snlli-lli'il Co mi irn U'tiiniUis In nil tnit - (it Ilic werM. Letters re qulrtiik' Miiwrr t-In ml1 i j t iln return ujfts. Si ns Kii'i ins Katkh : One Year (postage fret-) Bix months " PAY A U.K. IN AHVANCK.. .Mi MITK K TO M ll'lillti:iS.-Tlit ilut after yiuii' intmr u.uii tin1 icI'lli'sl-liilH-l t taclii"! I" von r .n.tT - tin- Out" of x ill n.ii of xiiInit!.I I n '1 luis im lit' I inriin-I li 't your HUl'MTil'tl X.il'S Willi the lll'l of Mill'll. 1WH - Si-mi yoiu miIim rijiilon tin iiu-y curly. Mini jinllfy us oi uny fitult in delivery or ri roroii our flirt.. tdCI A I.I ST I. A II oil I' A It TV National Kx ki ctiv r i owmittkk, Iikniamim .1 (iltKTHCii, h'i'Tetary, K. I'.iiii'lli si. , V V. BoAHl) or lilllKVANt'PN. A Mot, AN, Kucmlary, li;:i ( liarli- -met, lttim, Mush. La on Nkwk Co., Pa in t .Ioh PiUNTeiiv, i' Kant Fourth street. New York I.IUU'AliY IS!) I. THE THIRD PARTY QUESTION. In a recent telegram from Scraiiton Mr. Powderly was credited with the following utterance: "Many erroneous expressions have been made regarding t!ic approaching convention of the I miles -unions anil the FnrinerH' Alliance. It in everywhere lie inn referred to an u tliinl party move ment. Thin iH a great mistake. parly lineH will not appear at this gatheiing, arid party measures will not lie din cussed. The Convention will draw up a platform. When a suitable one is arranged and adopted it will he pre wilted for approval to hoth the great parties of the day. Should they neglect or j ef use to endorse it another Conven tion will he held and then the third party will assume intelligent shape." If Mr. Powderly has determined in advance what that "convention" shall do and shall not doL lie miiy hh well attend it alone. No one knows hetter than he does that it were a waste of time to present an honest labor platform "for approval ti both the meat part ies of t .lie day ." He knows also, as well as we do, that the St. Louis pint form of the runners' Alliance which those labor organizations that lit has invited to bis convention are asked to endorse as a preliminary condition of admission, is not, an honest labor plat form-is not a labor platform at allis not even a "suitable" platform for the poor farmer, not to speak of the farm iaborer. All this negotiating and trimming and fiddling with "political funnels" and boodle parties is contemptible. Three quarters of the honest toilers on the farm and in the factory would welcome straight out, independent political action upon the only platform that can satisfy them the only platform that they can clearly understand the only platform upon which I hey can all be made to agree and that is, in the words, "Abo lition of Wagedom; National Co opera tion. '' NATIONALISM. In its last issue Tlw A'cir .Vnfmi refers to the fact that while in England there is a proposition before 1'arliaiuetil for organizing the railroad w in kers upon a public basis and holding them to a military responsibility , the recommen dations contained in the last report of the New York Stale Hoard of Arbitra tion are to the same elTect. Our esteemed contemporary suggests two amendments, as fulows. 1 That the otlicer' of railway companies be sub jected to the same rule of discipline; 2 That the railway service be placed under national, not State, control, lie then observes: "The fact that this idea of tin indus trial army, which a couple of years ago was ridiculed as a I'oston Mad', should now be brought forward in the Hritish Parliament, advocated by a State Hoard of Arbitration, and favorably discussed by the most conservative portion of the press, is extremely significant of the manner in which men, in spite of them selves, are lieing forced to seek in the plan of nationalism the protection of society The upshot of this is that the proposal of the British Parliament aud New York Hoard of Arbitration logically means Nationalism, and grants ils full ca-e." We mint hen dissent with Tin1 .i r j Si I li n. That. I he proposition to coll slilute an "industrial ami)'' under "miliiarj" despotir-m should be favor ably received by the middle class and lt organs ma) he taken as a mailer ot course, and the fact Dial it is so received is of itself an excellent, reason w hy I he working class should look upon it with extreme suspicion. We imagine that the railway plutocrats themsehes are rather in favor of such a proposition; nay, that they may have originated it. For (binus reasons genei nlH of armies and "captains of industry" prize mihtaiy discipline far more highly than do privates. They have nothing to lose and much to gain by it. We apprehend that in his otherwise correct view that social developments ire inevitably tending to the nationali zation (or socialization1 ot industry a view which we need not say is firmly held by Socialists- the able editor of Thr .iic Snliini has fallen into the error of mistaking plutocratic militarism for industrial nationalism, or socialism. These two forces are the opposite of each other, and it is precisely from the conflict between them lind the final vic tory of one over the other that the new social stale is to emerge. And right here we have a striking illustration of the importance of a per fect agreement upon fundamental principles, not only of social science but of policy, among those who constitute the force through which industrial nationalism is to be established. The acceptance by by them of the pro posed industrial militarism would sure, ly destroy their cause. All such ten dencies must be resisted at every step and fought at all hazards. MILITARISM. We submit to our re.ulers an impor tant document, an article from the Srmilh liciiiiicitl (liizi'ttc of last month. We need not comment upon it. It speaks for itself and should be given the widest, possible publicity. We I rust that labor papers throughout, the country will give it a prominent place in their columns, and that our friends will endeavor to have it published also by the capitalistic press, in spite of the natural reluctance of the latter to expose the plutocratic class in its nakedness, with its feelings of hatred and schemes of murder. "He kind enough to study this little map, business men of New York, and all who talk about "holiday soldiers," and cry down the usefulness of the National Guard. It represents the lower part of New York City, and the portion of the city blotted out, is that portion occupied almost exclusively by "the Tenement House population." and the factories w here the) work. . here is no exaggeration. The map has been care fully made from actual observation. "Hon ) on observe that the entire business district of the city, the most valuable residences, I he public buildings, the financial institutions, are all located in a narrow can) on between two tie meiidous w alls of Poor Humanity, over shadow iug the cuti) on, and threatening it, as no lirand Caii)on of the West overshadows and threatens the small id renin Mowing between its walls? Then ask yourselves how long it would be lie fori' "this would take that,' if there were no well disciplined National ( iuard. Ask yourselves how long it would be before the overflowing tide of human beings, dammed up on each side of Hroadwny, needing almost everything that a human being can need, taint"d with socialistic doctrines, and debased by poverty, crime, and rum, .vould break the barriers of restraint if the 'aw bai ked up by a hedge of glistening ha)onets and the policeman's club did not prevent it "No need of a National (iuard '" Look at the map, remember the ten riots in this city, and thank tiisl there is a National I iuard. Paste it in your hat. and when an emplo)e or a partner wants to attend to bis military duties, look at the map :i moment, and think whether it is not worth while to encourage him in bis desire to act as a vigilant, painstaking unpaid guard of your person and property.'' THE STOLEN INUREMENT. It is customary among the single taxers to speak of land value as the "un earned increment." The inference is that the improvements on the laud have been "earned" by those w'io possess both the land and the itu rovemeMts, whereas they are simply, for the most part, the stolon products of other peo ple's, labor. We suggest that, they should be called the "Molcli increment." Hut if il be admitted that our suggestion is proper, what becomes of the single-tax theory 1 True, this theory is already so deep "in the soup" that it does not mat ter much what will furthermore become of it. or HOME AND FACTORY. If. was in England that "honii "house industry," so-called, was first supplant d on a large scab' by the fac ility sjstem. Then came France and, later still, Germany. In ( iermany, how ever, tin. transformation was carried on at a more rapid rate, especially during the past twenty years, than in any other j country, True, the number of persoim engaged in industrial occupations nt Inline is still considerable, but the num ber of those whose trade is carried on in factories, shops, etc, surpassed it largely; the first being lio'.t.lj 1-1, while the second is l,0!)li,2i:!. The important industries in which the number of home workers constitute more than one-half of the total force employed in them are: Silk weaving, including velvet, making, (70 per cent.); crocheting and embroidering, (!2 per cent,.); hosiery (.14 percent). In some others the proportions are as follows: Lace making, -17 percent.; cotton weav ing, 11 per cent; linen weaving, JU) per cent.; lace and white linen embroidery, 11-1 per ci nt.; wool weaving, 2:1 per cent.; sewing, lit per cent.; tailoring, 12 per cent. The ratio of home-workers for the whole F.mpire is Sil per 1,000 workers and HH per 1,000 of population; it is greater in the large cities than for the Kinpire at large. Only 20 per cent, of the workers engaged in all industries, ac against I t per cent of those engaged in house industry, are females. With the advance of machinery and the consequent cheapening of the cost of production, the tendency is, of course, to a substitution of the factory made for the home made product, except in those articles which require artistic taste or artisan cunning. The result of compe tition between these two classes of simi lar products is, therefore, a gradual and constant degradation of the home work ers until they are finally compelled to accept factory degradation as the least of the two evils. And an argument, how ever sophistical, is thus afforded to the apologists of the factory system, in support of their assertion that the econ omic and social conditions under this system are an improvement upon those which prevail under the home industry. They carefully abstain from considering w hat thi latter conditions were before the degradation of all workers was initiated by the factory system. In this light, however, we may view the hor rible state of llu families that are still engaged in house industry as the elTect of the competition between the factory and the home product; and we may moreover understand that their growing misery is constantly used as a means for the further degradation of the factory workers. One writer states that in the silk and velvet industry of the Kitine children live )cars oh1 sit in the most cramped and uncomfortable positions, with their legs drawn together and their Packs humped up, at the bobbin wheels. Those who, by law, must attend school are put to work by their parents at li o'clock in the morning and made to work until school time, and on returning from school made to work again until o'clock at night. Another writer, commenting iui the toy industry of Thurmgia. says that children are set to work the moment they arrive from school and kept busy painting wooden figures until far into the night. The hours of laUirof young persons and adults in home industry are practically endless. The basket makers of Upper Franconia and Coburg rise in summer at half jast four and in winter as noon as it becomes gray, and work at night until their eyes are closed j by exhaustion. In making net-work the 1 women sit from i; a. m,, until at least 10 p. in., w ith a short respite at noon only, when they take their scant v dinner; etc.. etc. Such people are, of course, well prepared to submit to twi. ve hours of factory labor and welconu the "mi- ! piovement." The wages jiaid in house industry are las low as thi' hours are long; and they I are steadily decreasing. In the Crefeld district the average wages pi r loom in ! ls72 amounted to $120 a year; they were j only $ 1US in 11177; they have now fallen i below .fill). This decline in turn alTccts ; the wages of factory operatives; curtain I weavers earn in their houses $1.(10 a i week, in factories $1.70; the difference "f ',-'lltH does not, of course, eompen- sate for the additional cost of living of the latter, From these facts Home of the purely economic reasons are sufficiently appa rent why the house workers do not de sert their squalid homes for the factory until compelled to do so by actual lack of work. Hut there are others, of a so cial and psychological character, one of which is plain from this single sugges tive fact: In house industry 00 per ct nt., whereas in general industry 41 per cent only, of the workers are married. In other words the factory system implies o a large extent the destruction of the family ; and against this the workers, not only of (Iermany but of the whole civilized world, have been struggling since the introduction of that system with the uxchsx energy of despair. SWEET WILLIAMS. In a report published by the State De partment at Washington, a certain Chas. P. Williams, United States Consul at lionet), France, gives his version of the recent great strike anil lockout of the Ca lais tulle makers. He lirst states that the manufacturers had themselves contem plated a lockout for the purpose of de creasing production and "restoring a more healthy tone to the trade." He then relates that the strike began with the boycotting of three lace firms (w ho prob ably were the chief conspirators in the projected lockout); that, owing to the etlieieney of the workmen's organiza tion, the boycotted firms were utterly unable to obtain labor; that the other lace manufacturers vainly remonstrated against this "shameful conduct" of the union men, and that finally they locked out all their hands. Williams further asserts that from 100 to MO franus ($20 to $l!0) per w eek were not unusual wages; that this high rate of compensation had a disastrous elTect upon the morals of the workmen, who spent their time and money at low drinking houses or in pltasure excursions. "At the head of the movement," he sins, "was an out sider, Citizen l'eli luze, a former clerk, active and intelligent, who served a term in prison for defamation (of the bosses), where he arranged his socialistic programme. He had succeeded in getting elected a member of the municipal coun cil and was elected a member of the general council on September 27. His role was simple. He promised every thing to everybody, preached in favor of the strikes, and was kind enough to declare that, if he w as elected he would render everybody happy and each work man a millionaire, and above all, abolish all duty on beer and spirits." Were not this report so stupid and self contradic tory as to defeat it own object we would suggest that its author might W illi piopiiei. seit lei in in piisnn lor defamation" of the French workmen in general and of our comrade Dclelu.e in particular; but we shall 1h content j to turn him over to the tool killer. The fact, however, that such trash is pub lished under the otlieial seal of our fed iished under the otlieial seal of our fed- eral State Department, taken in connec- tion with the obvious purpose of it, places Hlaine in his true light before the workingnien of this country. The Silver bill is in the soup. NOTES l r. -i rty is the fruit of labor and the reward of idleness. And so the worker lives in misery nnd dies of t-tarvati. n, wl"'r,"'s "' "I'ilalist lives in opulence and dies of indigest ion, 'mil Litjantuf, All appearances point to exciting times iti tiie near I ill are tunes that w ill test the mi tal of which inen are made, The v.kst plans of Jay Could, Hunting ton and other "eonsolidators" are said to be progressing ipiite satisfactorily. The farmers of Pennsylvania are single-taxers; not, however, in the Henry George sense, but in a quite opposite direction. They want all the burden of taxation to be placed on the railroads and other bloated monopolies. A strange report comes from Connells ville, Pa., which, if true, should rouse thi' people from one end of the country to the other against certain coal barons in particular and against the private ownership of mines in general. Fifty-six acres of the Moyer mines, owned by W. J. Hainey & Co., are on lire. No effort, it is said, was made to save the men who were in the mine; but the Hord lands Creek, six feet wide and swollen, was immediately turned into the mouth of the shaft, and with an utter abandon for the unfortunates entombed the pro perty will be saved. The newspapers are radiant. A Phila delphia beauty and a New York mil lionaire were married last Tuesday. The lucky son of his father is John Jacob Astor. Twenty-five hundred invitations were sent out for the wedding. Pinard the caterer and Thorby tne florist, worked for days as they never did. "If tne people nave no tireau , sam a foolish queen, "why don't they tat cake?" In a previous issue we referred to the vast accumulations of wealth, actually belonging to no one, but controlled by the directors of life insurance companies. We named, among others, the New York Mutual, whose assets ars very nearly 1.10 million dollars. The Metro politan has just issued its annual report, which shows assets amounting to 120 million dollars. Its income lact year from premiums paid by policy hofjlers was nearly $:SO,000,000, while its dis bursements for death casualties and endowments were only $1:1,000,000. In other words the policy holders, as a body, paid more than double as much as they received. Of the remainder seven million dollars went to agents and direc tors, and the net surplus, together with the income of previously accumulated assets, went to swell those accumula tions. Once more we say, it were high time those vast sums wen1 turned into the public treasury and life insurance became a public service. The sugar refiners under the new tariff will have free raw sugar. The refined article being trustified will remain at' the same price for the consumers, but the revenue which our national govern ment derived from the duty on raw sugar will simply go into the cullers of the trust. From the large number of American citizens whose to's protrude through their worn out shoes, it would seem that we do not produce enough for the home consumption. And yet it is a fact that our I'xports of shoes have increased from about $400,000 in lso, to $700,000 in 1MI0. According to Hnttlshrd's the total number of failures in the United Slates from Jan. 1, to Feb. 14 this year was 2,001. Pig iron production is 22,000 tons less per week than a month ago, and 2!,000 tons less than a year ago. The sales of all kinds of goods are not by any means as large as last year. Neverthe less, the outlook for spring trade is generally reported favorable. A statement of the number and value of farm animals in the United States for the year 1XM1 has just been published by the Department of Agriculture. There . . . l l. i : . . i ..i i appears lo nar in-rn nine i uaiie in j nu,nbers as compared with the previous yenr, except on the Pacific Coast and in ! certain portions of the Kocky Mountain area, w nere tne winters oi i--"." ana ls'.HJ were unusually severe and the losses heavy. The number of horses . on f;,rms as reported is 14,01(!.710; the average price of all ages. $07 a de cline of last year of $l.v4. The number of mules is 2,2!M.535, having an average value of $77.S, a decline from last year of 37 cents. Tire number of milch cows is 1(',019,591, an increase of 06,708 from last year; the average value per head is if'JMW, which is less by .V,' cents than last year's average. There is an increase of dairying in the South, especia l)- in tlie mountain region, w bich oilers inducements of cheap lands and abundant grasses. Other cattle ag gregate :ni,s7).ii-lv. Including those on ranches, the highest value is $2.1.1)4 in Connecticut, the lowest, sfs..i( in Arkan sas, and in Texas, sJs.m.i, The estimated number of sheep is f!, fil.l'.'ti; the aver age value, $'J.. 11. The aggregate number of swine is .10,(12,1, liiil. The Hudson County Central Labor Union has become a Central Labor Fed eration and elected three delegates to thi' pint executive board of the united C. L, F.'s of New York and vicinity We trust and expect that other centers of industrial activity will soon follow suit. The New York Arbeiter Zcitunij, w hich is the organ of the Jewish shak ing trades, will celebrate ils first anni versary in the large hull of the Cooper Institute on March 0. The Socialists have won a great vic tory in the canton of St. Gall. Switzer land. Their candidate for the National Council received 6,000 votes and was elected, defeating the middle class can didate by a handsome majority. A resolution introduced by our com rade Ferroul in the French Parliament,, demanding the nationalization of the coal mining industry, received the votes of (iiJ deputies. Our pompous, theatrical and bilious friend, 'quire and simple" (rompers, is. sending daily to the press of this city wonderful telegraphic reports of his Na poleonic receptions in the West. Ac cording to those reports the "simple" people of those parts, in their admira tion of the "pure", carry him on their shoulders, serenade him, and otherwise feast him on tally of the crudest sort. Viewed through his own telescope, pigmy Gompers is unquestionably a gi gantic Barn urn. Nationalist ( lull No. 3. Mr. Edelman delivered a lecture last Sunday, entitled, "What shall we do to be saved ?" Lest his audience might suppose he was about to launch off into theological sermonizing, he informed them at the opening that he had no such intention, and that his desire was to consider how we shall save ourselves from the ruin which a general panic might at any time precipitate. He said that any one who could under stand the events of the last ten years and analyze the conditions then and now pre vailing, could not fail to perceive that we had as a people retrogressed rather than advanced on the road to happine.-s; that in truth, as our late plutocratic wind bag, Senator Ingalls, was forced to put it, "instead of the land of the free, and the home of the brave this was fast becoming the land of the rich and the home of the slave." He referred to the fact that under our system destruction and ruin are not un frequently agencies of lelief. The burn ing of a city like Chicago, by causing the employment of workers, seems to them a benefit; one man's disaster is another's luck; and so the interests of men are antagonized and all claims of brotherhood become mere hypocrisy. He related how in his profession (archi tecture) about ten years ago, they looked down upon the mason and the carpen ter; but when the development of capi talism reached that profession and made competition intense, then the eyes of the architect were opened to his relation with all other industrial workers; so that be among others was now one of those dangerous bipeds known as labor agita tors The members of the firm with which Mr. Edelman was connected went to bed one night w ith thousands of dollars to their credit in the bank and woke up the following morning worth $:J.(1S. That was in 17:1. When he was a boy, he heard people asking where the Huns and Vandals could come from to destroy our civiliza tion. He could tell them now that we were rearing them in our midst; tramps and idlers forced by society to crime and outlaw ry. A "Christian civilized society" pro vides that those willing but unable to work shall starve quietly and in a con stitutional manner, but it takes extreme pains to enforce this law with enough bayonets. Nevertheless, when t .e next crisis comes the question will not be "how to get rid of the hungry ?" but "how are you going to feed them ?" The farmer can no longer lie relied upon to answer the bugle call and shoot down the discontented lalxirer. In coi elusion the lecturer said our chief aim must be to discover truth and disseminate it. "lVies Prohibition tend to lienetit the laboring classes" will be debated next Sunday afternoon ; Prof. Wright in the affirmative; Moses Oppenheiruer in the negative.