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WORKMAN'S AJ3VOOATE, i -it s A PLEA THE CLOAK-MAKERS. FOR To vrtjunizvd luUr and i faniuindtd jiublk! Seldom has u labor orpini.atit n in the short period of one year of eiistence been subjected to such a .series of severe trials as the New York clonk imkers' union, The great lock-out of last summer with its thirteen weeks of starvation and heroic struggle, involving six thousand workers, is still in everybody's iti'inury. Last year the cloak manufacturers were finally forced to recognize the light of their employes to protect themselves by organization and to concede to them somewhat less inhuman cotulitii lis of life. The modest demands of their ' hands" seemed to the cloak-manufacturers an insolent interference with their business management and some of them de termined to destroy the organization that had forced them to make a few con cessions to humanity and civilization. The present troubles of the eloakmak- ers are the result of a preconeertei at tack upon the union, About six weeks ago the contractors of the tirni of Hliitueiilhal liros. cc Rot tenberg locked out their employes num bering about IJ50 and told them .hat they would not be re-employerf ui less they abandoned their union and as an evidence of their withdrawal delivered up to the contractors their union bonks. The union called on the firm, in accord ance with the agreement made last year, to require its contract' rs to reorganize the union. Hut the iirm iti direct viola tion of that contract, refused to comply with the union's request. Fifty men di rectly employed in the firm's establish nient thereupon went on strike. These are the facts and they show clearly that there was a well planned conspiracy be tween this firm and its contractors aim ing at the very existenct ;f the union. The trouble in the shop of Benjamin and Caspari originated from a similar at tempt. Some three months ago this tirni commenced to send a large part of their work to scab contractors in New Haven, Newark and other places, thereby redu cing the earnings of the union men em ployed in New York to $ '' and $2 per week For two months the union en deavored to induce the firm to abandon this unjust diserjminatioii, which was clearly in violation of last years' contract to have all work done by union labor. In spite, of repeated promises the linn per sisted in this unfair practice. To be thus victimized meant for the emplo) es who had not yet been able to make up lor the loswps of the long strike during lasl summer, not only present disiiess, but hopeless starvation for the still reason that reduces them to absolute idleness for several months in the spring and early tummerof every year. When all peaceable negotiations failed, a strike was decided and 400 employes of this iirm have been out for four weeks. In both cases, as soon as things had come to an open conllict, the manufac turers loudly proclaimed their intention to destroy the union. When the unfor tunate affair took place at Jamaica, they eagerly seized the opportunity to secure the assistance of courts and police in their campaign against the union. At this juncture we see looming up behind the firms directly interested the Cloak Manufacturers' Association, whose lawyer, ex-Judge Uildersleeve, assumes the role of prosecuting attorney. We will here state that whatever wrong was actually committed at Jamai ca, the union has nothing to do with it and is in no way responsible for it. And let us express our opinion, that the friends of labor, whatever they may think of that occurrence, should not and, we trust, will not allow themselves to be prejudiced by the wilful misstate ments of the capitalists who want to exploit it to strike a blow at organized labor. This, intent is clearly apparent from the wholesale arrest of innocent men and the outrageous persecution mili tated against Joseph Harondess, the first ollicer of the t'loakma'"jrs' Union. The courts aided the i ;.n,altsts by unwar ranted severity and the imposition of excessive bail. The bieak-down of the witness or complainant Veintein and the collapse of the prosecution based on his '-afliilavit" shows both the scandalous wantonness of the proceeding and the disposition of the capitalists ami officials connected with this affair. As to the charges now pending against liarondess a sub-committee of the under signed committees elicited during an interview with William Fischell, the alleged complainant in one of the cases, the following statements: Committee: Did you make the charges against liarondess personally or on re quest ? William Fishell: We did so on request and that is all that we did. Committee: Did you not authorize your lawyer to ask for high bail? William Fischell: We have not any lawyer. Committee: Is not Mr. Gildersleeve your lawyer and did he not act on your request yesterday in J-tferson Market Court ? William Fischell: No, Sir, he is the lawyer of the Manufacturers Association and is in no way instructed by us to be present in coui t. The Committee had reference to the proceedings on Sunday, March 19, when liarondess was held to excessive bail on Mr. Fischell s charge in the ubsence of the complainant. Does not this clearly point to a con spiracy of the capitalists aiming at the destruction of the I'nion ? It is for organized labor and labor's frinds lo say whether the conspiracy shall succeed; whether these t,000 wage workers, that have found protec tion in their organization against inhu man exploitation, shall lose their pro tector and be forced back into helpless slavery! It is for you to say whether the machinery of government shall be need to light capital's battle against labor, to trample upon lalwr's rights, to terrorize and demoralize the labor move merit by victimizing its active members! We appeal to you for your moral and financial assistance on behalf of the suffering strikers and the innocently persecuted, so that this organization may be saved and the plans of the capi talists and their tools may be defeated. THK t'u.MMlTTF.I'S OF THE NkV YOHK CKNTHAI. LaMOU FEI'KKA- tiox, Tin: Socialist I.ahou I'AliTY AND T 11 K L'.MTKH 1 1 1. liHK W TllADKS. Individual members of the Cloak makers' union and organizations altil iated with it have in the last four weeks contributed ever if 7, (Kill to the support of their locked out fellow workers. Otlur unions are reuuested to come to their assistance. THE BAKERS. lieclii oils Adopted hy tl"' Sixth An na. I t omentum of their International I nion, 10 ml oiling t lie Kim-IuIInI Labor ratty anil ('oiiileiiiniiit; Samuel Uom peris A Model Trade Union IMatfonn No 'I'ure anil Simple" Aliout it. At the sixth annual convention of the Journeymen Bakers and Confectioners' International Union, held at Indianapo lis from the 2d to the 7th of March, the following resolution was adopted: Wiieheas, It is becoming more evi dent every day that the condition of the working class cannot he perinanently improved by trades organizations founded upon an exclusive trade union basis, the present productive system swelling the army of the unemployed at an appalling rate, which reserve army threatens ruin to the best organized union; and Whereas. In order to secure a perma nent improvement in the condition of the working-class, it is imperatively ne cessary that the workers should take political action and by the ballot conquer the political power for the purpose o substituting for the present industrial system of exploitation a co operative productive system; and Whereas, The policy of asking con cessions from the old parties, and advo cated by prominent trades union leaders, will never t-eeure to the workers their full rights; and Wiieheas, Furthermore, we see in the realization of the platform of the Socialist Labor Party the only hope of securing our rights hy lawful means; therefore be it Jiesohvd, Hy the Journey men Hakers' and Cotifect. Int. Union in convention assembled at Indianapolis, ltd,, on March 2nd, lbfll, that we fully endorse the platform of the Socialist Labor Party anil urge our meniuers, wherever a sec tion of the Socialist Labor Party exists, to join the same; anil be it furthermore Jienolved, That we most strongly con deinn the action of Samuel Uompcrs, President of the American Federation of Labor, at theconvention held at Detroit, Mich., from Dec. 8th to i;j, lW, in re ference to the rejection of the Centred Labor Federation of New York for no other reason but that a section of the Socialist Labor Party is represented in said body; that we hilly endorse and approve the position taken by our delegate and Int. Sec'y August Delabar at the said convention. The following l'ECLAKATIOX 01-' I'KIXt ll'LES, which we commend to the attention of Organized Labor throughout the coun try, was also a lopted : Society at present, is composed of clas ses whose interests are antagonistic. On the one hand we have the possessing class, owning almost all the soil, all the houses, factories, im ans of transporta tion, machines, raw material, and all the necessaries of life. This class is hut a small minority of the whole people. On the other band e have the work ers, posse.-sing nothing but intellectual and physical power, which they must sell to the possessors of the means of production in order to live. The workers are the mi lions. They receive for the product of their labor only so much as is necessary to live a life cf misery and starvation. Every improvement in machinery, every new discovery of hitherto un known forces of imture the possessing class appropriates for the exclusive pur pose of increasing its possessions; through this process human labor is more and more replaced by machinery The workers who have become super fluous are compelled to sell their labor at any price in order to save themselves from starvation. The value of labor gradually decreases; the laboring people Hre being impoverished more and more, their consuming power is more and more lessened, and the Consequence is that the commodities produced remain upon the market without being bought by any one, commercial stagnation setn in. production is decreased, and even partly sus-x-nded. The vrisia has arrived. The possessing class press into its service the power of the State, Police, Militia, Press and Pulpit, to protect its possessions produced by others, and to enforce the "sacredness" of property. In consideration of these facts we declare : 1 -That the laboring class must eman cipate itself from all inlluences of its enemy, the proprietary class; that it must organize locally, nationally and internationally, for the purpose of setting its united power against the power of capitalism; and that it must independently, as a class, defend its interests economically as well as at the elections, municipal. State and mi tional. For this struggle an indepen dent and progressive labor press is indis pensable, 2 National and International Trade Unions are apt to exert a powerful in tluenee upon production, juices, the hours cif labor, regulation of apprentice ship, and the support of their members in all the dillerent phases of life. 3 The conllict through which tin have naturally to go with the organized power of capitalism lead them to recog nize that till Trade Unions must form one great, powerful body; the solidarity of the interests of labor is proclaimed, the workers mutually assist each other. Soon the fact will be recognized that the entire system ot production rests upon the very shoulders of the laboring class, and that, if the workers only dis play their tirm determination and exert their power, a new system based upon justice might he easily introduced. Arrayed against the power of capital ism and its minions stands the power of the laboring masses, i-elf-iehant and conscious of their ability to overwhelm their antagonists. 4 There is no power on earth strong enough to resist t he will of such a majo rity if it be enlightened in regard to its rights; it will accomplish its aims am onjects irresintihly. "Natural justice is upon its side. The eirth, with all its wealth, belongs to mankind. The re sults and triumphs of civilization have been achieved through the course of thousands of years, and with the assist ance of all nations. The organized work ers will come to carry out into reality these principles, and they will establish a state of affairs under which every one will enjoy the fruits of his labor. NATIONALIST CLUB NO. 3. Ilevheit Spencer's Anti-Socialism lti liewed by T. IS. Wakeiiian. T. H. Wakeman lectured last Sunday afternoon on "Liberty Under National ism.' He said that the last election showed the awakening of an honest pub lic sentiment. The increased vote cast for the Socialists in this State, the strength developed by the farmers in many parts of the country, and the in dependent demonstrations made at the polls by other parties which are also aiming at the substitution of co opera tive industry for our present wasteful competitive system, are evidences of the forces at work and of their direction. He outlined the rise and ultimate suc cess of thH Abolition movement, through which the emancipation of the black slaves was brought about, and he marked the sameness of motives and progress that characterize our movement for the abolition of white slavery. He then reviewed the capitalistic system, under which no individual can be more hu mane than his fellows without going under in the business Kt nitride. He showed the absurdity of talking "free land" under conditions that made it im possible to use land without capital. The only way out is to turn over indus try, ns a w hole, into the hands of the people. In the course of his address the lec turer referred to the recent utterances of three able writers, whose respective notions as to the future conditions of liberty under the Socialist system pre sented a striking contrast. Oscar Wilde and Prof. Ely maintained and demon strated that those conditions would be such as to give each individual the larg est possible chances for free develop ment, while Herbert Spencer contended without proof that they destroy personal liberty. The main argument of the lat ter in support of his assertion wa, tint the trades-unions were already now tyrannical, although they were only a minor power in the land, and that they would be more tyrannical still when they had developed into socialistic bodies anil conquered the political pow er. Mr. Wakeman showed the weak ness of this argument by observing that it was precisely because the trades unions had not the political power that they were frequently compelled to take the sort of action which Spencer calls tyrannical. Hut, while Herbert Spen cer had for some time past held that society was an organism and that, as such, the whole body was sullering from the disease that affected its parts, he had just now turned round and re jected the remedy of Socialism through which alone the sick parts could be cured. Spencer, said Mr. Wakeman in conclusion is an evolutionist that will not evolute. Officii. The General vote on the question: Shall the Workmen's Advocate be turned into a Sunday paper published by the AVic York Vulkszeitumj ':" is closed, with the following result: For the plan, - lo'5 vote-. Contrary, - - 22 " Hesides, ten (10) Sections voted unani mously for the plan without giving the number of the votes cast. The Nat. Kxixttive Committee, Beuj. J. Gretuch, Si c'y., etc. N.B. A detailed account of the vote will be sent in circular form to every Section, Brooklyn, March 17, 1891. Hy order of our coal barons a duty of 75 cents per ton, equivalent to pro hibition, is inposed by Congress upon foreign coal "for the protection of American labor." Of course, coal is to this lull amount dearer here than in Ftigland. On the other hand, however, the American miner, far from being paid 75 cents more per ton than bis F.nglish cousin, is paid less than 75 cents in till on an average. . His was, in fact, are so low that bituminous coal is now exported in large quantities from this country to the West Indies and Soul Ii America in competition with liritish coal S. 1,. 1 Seel ion New York. I'E.U ES OE MKETIXH. Central Committee 25 H. -Ith st., 1 Hrd Tuesdays f and at s p. m, Ith Assembly Dist. 1H" V. Hroadway, Fridays. 5th Assembly Dist. 212 .-spring st., I'd A: 4th Mondays. ssembly Dist. its Cannon st., 1st X' !lrd Wednesdays, " " 1st Saturdays. Ui") Allen st., 2d and lib Fridays. " III F 5th st., 1st iV :id Fridays. " iv'' K. Mb st., 2d & 4th Saturdays. " Ms Fast lltli st., last Thursdivs. " !tal W. ';itlth st., 2d iV lib Wednesdays. " -Kill F. Mlh st.. 2d and 4th Fridays. " 40S W. 41st street. Saturdays. " 21(1 F,. 4 1st st,, 2d and 4th Wednesdays. " IMS Tenth ave., 2d and 4th, Tuesdays. " ailt. F.. 54th st., 1st and lid Mondays, " 1122 2d Ave., 2d and 4th Saturdays. " Beckers' Hall, 107th st., 1st and Hd Sa turdays. " Frederick Hall, :id ave.. near I."i7th st., (1th 7th Nli 10th 12th Uth 15th Kith 17th 18th 19lh 20th 22d aild 21th isi i mirsdays. 2d Mondays business meeting. 25 K. 4ih st., 1st and ltd Wednesdays, 2ol Broome strest, Tuesdays, 25 F, 1th st., 2d and 4th Fridays. Liedertafel Polish Branch Jewish Branch American Branch Editor Wanted!! For the two weekly papers: "I. A .IJacker-Zeiliing' AND "Bakers' Journal" a competent Editor is wanted. Salary, $25 00 per week. All applications should be sent to TltKO. Wauner, 20! Sheriff St., Cleveland ()., until April s. THE EXECUTIVE BOARD of Journeymen Hakers' & Confec tioners' Int. Union of America. r.s.- The papers are printed In New York. NEW YORK Labor News COMPANY, 3 EAST 4TH ST., NEW YORK', PUBLISHERS AND DEALERS IN iABORL-ITERATURE CAN T A I, By Karl .Marx. Price, hound, if 1 . 75 The most scientific ever produced. work on Socialism CA IRA. Hy Lawrence ('ronlninl. Price, bound 1.25 Paper 50c. A history of the French revolution from a socialist standpoint. LOOKING BACKWARD. By Fihvanl Bellamy. Cbth, f 1.00 Paper 50c. Don't fail to read this hook. LOOKINU BACKWARD. wti.nan Translation 50c. THE CO-OPERATIVE COMMON WEALTH. By Lanrei:te ('ronluml. Cloin fl.00 Yher, .30 lu exposition of modern socialism. ALMOST PERSUADED. A NOV F.I,,, Hill I,. Ilarheii. paes. 50 edits. Cloth, fl.OU, ;uti NEWS FROM NOWHERE; AN EPOCH'OF REST, lli'liik some c luii!ofi from mi I'topum Kotimni llv Will I AM MllttltK, Price, cloth ;i tm, "It Is a I'liiinnintr s-lorv if tin' future nf Km; liiihl niidor tuvoml i lty "- t'riiie iiniitiotiM ut tinman i ijiiiil nr. ,iorns i wt'ii1 in u i-otitury tu-uine nro coll urt'il unit i lii'i'ifiil .... iiinlo ivhvKlilmr t, ri-.nl about The notion takes plui-i' In a ilivum Hint the iloii Is ijulti. plausible enom:h to hi rn jo tin iu. w r. ai orris mis 1 tie ml Mint ace over Mr. Hell amy ot a line vein of Iniai;! native rower. .Sews lioiu Nowhere' Willi he louml of less eat Iron formation than the worhl lamoti 'l.ooklm; Hili kwai'.l.'" rhioatio Inter (leean. Tills s a Soelalist romane , pn t urine; au iiuuiMiiary future slate i.f soeiety hi whleh there Is a solidarity ot labor. Mr. .Morris Is a ureal author, eilllor anil poet, oi imikiiiiui. Annua; in m i's ut ins works are "Tlio earthly rarmlise," 'T.ove Is I'nouch," ete AN EXPERIMENT IN MARRIAGE. IIT H AS. ,1. ItKI. 1..IY. A STl'llY OFTIIK I'ltollI KM OF Til H NKX KS i ne novel is a iut'iimi- nne, nut it tmisesses elements of Interest that at onee rh:illenue t he rentier's attention. . In short, fit this woinlerlul community, murriatfc lasis only as Innir as love endures. Ihioreo is free, and men ami women lire ieniii(leil to remain until they timl their ideal. The honk is sure lo hint tleuly of n int ers, for, while it may he open to erlt lelsni, It cannot he ilenicil thai it is siillielently Interest llitf "--Home Oallv Sentinel. Very Intel est inn 'nail Kiiucestlve. Send fur It at oner Price, paper, 50c. A STRIKE OF MILLIONAIRES AGAINST MINERS; or, The Story of Spring Valley, Hy 111 Mi 1). l i ny 11. Prici 50c, our bail wealth nunc to an 'It Is liiuli time l-llll." KlIltTHOII. PAPA'S OWN GIRL. Price, 50c. 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