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There is no substitute for CIRCULATION Dally average lor September 6119. Member Audit Bureau ot Circulation. Member Associated Press Full leased wre service. THE WEATHER OEEGON: Tonight and Saturday lair ecept rain northwest portion; colder to night east portion with beavy frost. except rain northwest portion; colder tonight east portion with heavy frost. IT! illTTl cTTY FORTY-FOURTH : YEAR . NO. 250. Prejudice Against Catholics and Jewish Merchants First Plea Capitalized by Klansmen . Organizing Knights of Knightie and Pillowcase In Portland J5y Harry N. Crain. g0 paramount has been the po litical activity of the Ku Klux Klau in Fortland, and so cosmo politan has become its membership that the public generally has lost sight of the origin of the move ment there in the maze of issues championed and capitalized by the Kluxers in their campaign for po litical power. Judging from the diversity of uses to which the hooded organization has been put it is not entirely improbable that Fred L, Gilford, George Branded berg and other leaders in the movement have themselves allow ed their original vision to become obscured by the possibilities of more extensive and, therefore, more remunerative operations. Came of Own Accord. Thn klan in Portland, unflkfl the nreanization in most other Oree-on communities, was not brought in by designing local influences for a specific purpose it came In of its own free accord as a part of a nation-wide drive for members and more graft by Imperial Wiz ard Simmons and his cohorts. L B. Callaway, wandering kleagle, is credited with organizing the Portland klan. Callaway had no visions of maiding up a political machine in Oregon. He was interested simnly in fleecing gulliable persons ot anti-Catholic, anti-alien and anti- jewisn prejudices out of donations. The marked success of his early work was due nrineinal- ly to the hold he secured in the Federated Patriotic Societies, com prising most ot the anti-Catholic iraternai orders, Including the Orange lodge. To the extent that all of the survivors of the A. P, A. fiasco of bygone years lined un immediately with thn new n-sm- Jiiation, it might be said that the .v.Mi.w uuilllg 1LB ursi aays. hut a revival nf the A. r. A, Jewish Sentiment Capitalized! Hut the klan went, farther, it made capital of the an tt-Jewish sentiment incident to the strong hold which the Jews have on Port land in a business and commercial way, wild stories to the effect that the Jews and Catholics were in aeciet alliance tin Rtnrvn th -Pro testant out of Portland being f ree- 'i "icuiaieu. one of these master pieces of klan finHnn mi tho story that a Catholic department ui Meier & Frank discharged 100 Protestant girls without cause or complaint and replaced them ""a uatnoiic girls.. v- Scottish Kite Invaded. P view "of subsequent develop- ui it j3 interesting to know that it was under Callaway's direc tion that the Scottish Rite lodge of Masons in Portland was first ln valed. In this move the klansmen en went so far as to claim the Stable empire to. be a branch of "Mtiah Kite Masonry, pointing to toe fact that ImrHs)l Wi.o-i aim. ; ' m and the members of his im mediate imperial family are all MOttlsh R)t u . jif . una ana tnai me lights of the Ku Klux Klan was Wn within the Scottish Rite j'Mge of Atlanta, Ga. If J' Was about this time that Gif Brandenberg, who are, iw. Way" now fading warring C i . WUhin tne klan made C , st aPPearance In the or- S I1!0' Major L- O- Powell, CT S kIeaeIe ot the Oregon C. ' aIso made his debut during flhl8 noHnrt ... it . . . !Jui i e movement, ln- Lim. Powell, a Mtesourian ntinued on Page Seven.) PEKING 'ALARMED OVER REBEL GAINS Affioy. Mil,. , . . . . M ov ,Vess- Ping is alarm--t.,,' he naonal aspect of the W ,n Fukien Province, at rL?Plta1, Fochow recently the cen ?4 br torce3 opposed to i j Btral republic. Kay Linaerst00 that "Peking fcorta paa sedition from the u' Genera?0 frm the 80utb ine 7. v vChen Wung-Ming, 4nent f" ? the na"0nal lryf-ni- "Patching an fokien t KwanetuS province to Jtt'hward ,heck the advance -"derr.- .the tesurgent army Ptor o Tsung-Chl. the ia Amoy Is less 'lopmenU are awaited 5iouaiyi U. MARINES ON GUARD AT U1VH Terror Reigns as Japs Evacuate And Red Army N ears Fear Massacre and. Looting. Vladivostok, Oct. 20. (By As sociated Press.) American atd British marines were landed here today to guard the consulates of the two nations. Peking, Oct. 20. (By Associat ed Press.,) The Chinese govern ment Is sending warships to Vladi vostok to protect the Chinese resi' dents there. The military gov ernor of Heilung Kiang has been instructed) nd reinforcements to the bor white gua Toklo, I in VladiV 3 prevent the routed g om entering. 05 JO. Terror reigns j as the completion of Japanf racuation approach f , to dispatches re , accoi ceived he day. Last night the city waSM iged in darkness by the failvJf t the lighting plant While i roamed the streets in the darkness pillaging business houses and residences and holding up pedestrians. On the outskirts of the town Japanese troops ahd red forces of the advancing Far Eastern Ire' public army are reported to have clashed' ' . . The original plan of the Japa nese was to turn over the admin' letration of Vladivostok to the municipal government and to hold the reds outside the neutral zone until evacuation was complete. Then the municipal authorities to take possession of the war muni tions left behind by the Japanese and the latter sought to open ne gotiations with the red to give the republican troops and thus avoid, an Interim of disorder. The Chita commanders refused to ne gotiate, and the clash between the Japanese and reds is reported to have followed. LLOYD GEORGE BY LONDONERS London, Oct. 20.-Mr. Lloyd- George received one of the-'most remarkable ovations ever witness ed in the guild hall this afternoon when he rose to propose the health of the prince of Wales, who was guest of the corporation , of the city at luncheon. For several minutes it was impossible for Mr. Lloyd-George to proceed and he was visibly affected. In the early part of his speech the little Welshman was nervous, an unwonted condition for him but he soon regained the mastery of himself. He avoided reference to the political situation. "My sword is in my hand," was the keynote of the farewell of Mr. Lloyd-George to the great throng which gathered at St. Pancras sta tion to give him an enthusiastic send off as he left for Leeds today to deliver an address tomorrow. "I thank you from the bottom of my heart that you have come here, this great assemblage to cheer me on my pilgrimage," he said. ''I am a free man. The bur den is off my shoulders, but my sword is in my hand." SALEM HOSPITAL INSTALLS APPARATUS The Salem hospital has in stalled a modern boiler of super ior efficiency, such as used in similar institutions in large cities. Rapid progress is being made in placing the elevator apparatus. The automatic electric unlocking door device with self-closing doors and safety appliances is being placed. It is the hope of the directors that the work of finishing the first unit of this greatly needed Institution will be rapidly accomplished. "Y" Campaign Near End. At the meting of the canvassing teams of the T. M. C. A. this noon it was found that there is but $459 more to be raised in the Cam naiirn nf 112.000. A total of $432 was reported to hare been raised during the past 24 hour, ine teams innppt to raise the full ambunt by tomorrow evening and bring the campaign to a successful OVATION GIVEN Primes Go Up as In Eastern Markets With export inquiry reviving and domestie wholesale dealers in the east unable to get delivery on orders placed and seeking to ex tend their purchases the dried prune market in this section of the country has taken on renewed strength during the past two weeks, but real activity has been prevented by the refusal of grow ers to sell. Already the market here has strengthened from to a cent and there is every indication that it will go still kigher. The sud den determined activity of the buyers is one never-falling indica tion of an advance and there are many other factors in the situa tion which forecast greater strength. . Both the Oregon Growers Coop erative association and the Cali fornia association are now out of the selling market and are insist ent bidders for the crops of the independent growers. The Oregon association has announced that it will be necessary for it to prorate on 30s, because they are admitted ly oversold on this size, and says that grading lot its first 5,000,000 pounds shows only 1 per-cent of 30s. -. Its growers also' report al most a complete absence of 70s, 80s and 90s. The packing plants of both of the associations are swamped and no new bookings are being made until it Is possible to determine even approximate date3 of possi ble shipment. The California association, SUBSCRIPTIONS TOTAL $575,000 FOR UNIVERSITY Subscriptions aggregating $575, 000 are known to have been ac tually subscribed to the Willam ette universtiy campaign iw t. million and a quarter dollars en dowment. Men are now soliciting all over the state but as yet no reports have been sent in. Of the amount actually known to have been subscribed, $205,000 was pledged ta Portland Wednes day. Dr. Doney, president of the college, yesterday subscribed $2500 and the remaining $350,000 has been pledged by the Rocke feller fund. The formal launching of the campaign has been set for Sunday, October 22, and from then until Sunday, November 19, a pro gram "of education is, to be broad cast. The intensive campaign will be started November 19 and con tinue until December 20. ROSEHLUTH FREED ON $40,000 BAIL New York, Oct. 20. Captain Robert Rosenbluth, who was lock ed up in the Tombs prison, last night, charged with the murder of Major Alexander P. Cronkhite at Camp Lewis, Wash.', in October, 1918, was today released in bail of $40,000, furnished by Felix M Warburg, banker, who gave as se curity his Fifth avenue home val ued at $400,000. At a hearing before a federal commissioner next Thursday, Ros enbluJth's counsel will fight to pre vent his removal to the western state for trial. GOVERNMENT SUES ' ON WAR CONTRACT Washington, Oct. 20. Return to the eovernment of $454,188 In connection with war contracts was asked in a suit filed at the decision of Attorney General Daugherty in the federal courts at Cleveland, Ohio, today against the Cleveland Brass & Copper Mills, Inc., and their sureties, the Fidelity & De posit company of Maryland. , BELONG BRINGS MAN BACK Constable Walter DeLong, of Salem, today left for Astoria from which he will return Arthur A. McMulIen, charged with non-support. McMullen, who was arrested yesterday, was taken into custody on complaint of his wife who re sides in Salem. He will be ar raigned in the justice court before Judge TJnrnh. THIS COUPON AND FIVE CENTS will admit any child of 12 years or under to the Special CAPITAL JOURNAL MATINEE Roy Stewart in The Radio King THE BLIGH THEATRE SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21, 10 A. M. SALEM, OREGON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 20, which remained discreetly silent during the first reports of dam ages to the prunes In that state during the drying season, now makes the admission that the Cali fornia crop will be 10 per cent short. Other sources place the shortage at as high as 25 per cent. California is also short of the small sizes and the few lots mar keted lately have brought the growers an- average advance of about of a cent over previous offerings. What ia probably the strongest indication of an advance is the. an nouncement of the California as sociation that it believes "fully 75 per cent of the 1922. prune prop has been sold into the hands of the Jobbing trade." They pre dict a material advance in the price. ' ' - Locally the market has not re acted to any considerable extent to the advances offered by the brok ers. A few small lots were report ed sold early in the week at 2 cents but, so far as can be learn ed this bid has disappeared com pletely. Eight and a quarter cents is the prevailing price in and around Salem no new transactions reported. At Dallas three or four lots of 50-553 have been sold this week at 7 cents, and 8 cents is being offer ed for 40-503. Epecially choice lots have brought bids of 8 to 8 cents. Some hill prunes, 60 65 s, are moving at 5 cents lto this part of the valley. It is the duty of every repub lican in Oregon to support the re publican ticket on November 7 to assist, rather than hinder, President Harding in solving dif ficult problems which loom be fore the administration. Above all, the voters of Oregon should return Ben Olcott as governor of the state of Oregon. So declared Senator Charles McNary this af ternoon. Senator McNary arrived In Sa lem last night. He will be here for a short time before beginning a stumping tour of the state. "Originally my plan was to re main in Washington and complete some important hearings pending before two senate committees, but when I was requested by Walter Tooze, chairman of the republi can state central committee, to come home and tender my serv ices to the committee, I felt that I should comply with the re quest," Senator McNary said. shall return after the election and complete the committee work prior to the regular session of con gress." Governor Olcott's - administra tion has been of such a character as to justify his reelection. Sena tor McNary, feels. "I am exceedingly anxious to have the state endorse the Hard ing administration by electing tha state and congressional candi dates," he said. "I feel sure that a defeat anywhere along the lino might prove an embarrassment to the administration." President Harding, he explain ed, has a stupendous task before him a task that has begun to show upon his face. "He is work ing under the great pressure to bring about normal conditions and should have the support or all who believe in the policies of the republican party," Senator Mc Nary said. The administration, working through congress, has effected many economies, and passed much helpful legislation. Senator Mc Nary declared. Portland, Ore., Oct. 20. Wal ter P. Dickey, president of the Livestock State bank of North Portland, today announced his resignation in order to take charge ot the operations of a large New Tork bank in the territory between Denver, Great Falls and Arizona points and the Pacific coast. RETURN OLCOTT MIRY URGES OREGON VOTERS LEGION PICKS COT FOR NEW LEADER Texan Chosen National ' Commander By New Orleans Convention at Closing Session. Convention Hall, New- Orleans, La., Oct. 20. (By Associated Press,) Alvin M. Owsley of Texas I was today elected national commander of the American Legion. Five national vice commanders were, elected as follows; . Edward J. Barrett, Sheboygan( . Wis.; Robert S. Blood, Concord, N. H.i Chile P, Plaumer, Casper, Wyo.; EarigCocke, Macon, Ga.; Wilson B. Miller, Washington, D. C. Father William B. O'Connor of Ohio'swas elected national chap lain by a vote of 714 to S46 over Rev, Ezra Clemmons of Minne sota.' After benediction by Father O'Connor, commander MacNider declared the convention ad journed. A resolutions committee report, urging congress to act on pro posals "before ,lt for sale and oper ation of the Muscle Shoals nitrato plant, was passed by a large majority. .Owsley Most Popular The vote for Owsley was over whelming, Owsley was carried on the shoulders of Teyas legion nairesjto a place on the platform beside retiring Commender Mac Nider, , who grasped his hand and then turned to the assembly. The Texas band broke loose. "Bill" Deegan of New York led in the capitulation of defeated candidates, and moved .the vote be made unanimous. The vote was announced as: Owsley 674; Deegan 251; Thompson 205; McCormick 16. MrOwsley was introduced by Commander MacNider. "Please accept my heartfelt gratitude, " said the vnew com mander, "for the greatest honor that could come to one who served in the world war. "We. pledged to America in the world war that we were her defenders. We must now pledge even greater service. "There are four great princi ples on which we rest: Hospital IzationV rehabilitation, adjusted compensation, Americanization. I pledge- the best energies of my manhood and my sacred honor." With Judge K. M. Landis be tween them, the new and old com manders of the legion posed on the platform for a photograph. 30 Years of Age Alviii M. Owsley, newly elected commander and acting director of the American Legion barely 30 years old gained distinction as a soldier and statesman in the lone Star state. He had resigned a position as district attorney at the outbreak of war to attend the first training camp , open , to volunteers and had been assigned as a major in Infantry in the 36th division. In this capacity he had recruited his own battalion and a large portion of the division in northern Texas. After serving as divIsion'sinsur ance officer and senior in Third officers training school at Canp Bowie, Texas," Mr, Owsley went nrsraoaa with his division. He was made adjutant of the division and took part in two major en gagements in Champagne and the ArKonne. After the armistice Mr, Owsley went to London, where he attend ed the -courts of Jaw ana studia English procedure. He resumed the practice of law Immediately following his discharge in July, 1919 and was-appointed assistant attorney general of Texas. As head of the legion's legislative commit tee in that state, he won out in a fight for a $2,000,000 hospital for disabled service men. He esigned his Dosition as assistant attorney general in February, 1921 to be come assistant director of the legion 's national Americanism commission. LAUS11E SELECTED ' FOB EB EAST MEET Paris, Oct. 20. (By Associated Press.) The Near Eastern peace conference date has been tenta tively; set for November 13 at Lausanne, - The preliminary con ference, which it bad been pro posed to hold today in London, was abandoned after Francs had refused to approve of London as the meeting place. France is urging the necessity ot holding the meeting as soon as possible beeause the Turks are be coming daily more restless, of ficials say. 1922 BONARLf DISSOLUTION Rapid Progress in Selec tion of Ministry Like ly to Call General Elec tion at Once. London, Oct. 20. (By Associat ed Press.) Premier Designate Bonar Law, in a message to the newspapers this afternoon says: "If I am elected the leader of the conservative party I may be in a position to advise the king to order Immediately the dissolution of parliament. This would give plenty of time to get the Irish home rule bill through." London, Oct. 20. (By Associat ed Press.) Andrew Bonar Law appeared to be making rapid pro gress today in forming a cabinet to replace the fallen coalition gov ernment. . " This was evidenced by the an nouncement that Marquis Curzon and the earl of Derby, both men of influence of experienced cabi net ministers, have agreed to serve under him in any capacity. Mr. Bonar Law cannot officially announce the formation of his ministry until he is elected head of the unionist party to succeed Austen Chamberlain but it is gen erally conceded that this election will be only a formality. Plenty of Timber. Although the split in the union ist ranks has deprived him of such cabinet material as Mr. Chamber lain, Lord Birkenhead, the earl of Balfour and some lesser lights, po litical experts believe Mr. Bonar Law will find plenty of timber among the younger members of the party who have shown promise in the political field and are mark ed for advancement at a favorable moment. The conservative party organiz ers were busy today arranging the meeting at which a leader will be elected to succeed Austen Cham berlain. It is understood that the Carlton club, which yesterday saw the deposition of the old leader, will be the scene of the choice of his successor. The election of Andrew Bonar Law is a foregone conclusion, and as the party's vote has been reg istered he will be in a position to begin formation of a cabinet to succeed the resigned Lloyd-George ministry. - It is believed "in conservative quarters that the cabinet will be completed before the end of next week. Prominence is given to a story that Lloyd-George proposes to form a center party with Mr. Chambering and the leaamg coalition unionists, it being insin uated that this connotes important opposition to the regular conserv atives. Others scout this as whol ly groundless, declaring Mr. Chamberlain and his followers will make no attempt to obstruct Mr. Bonar Law in his work. Meanwhile Mr, Lloyd-George, bereft of his rank as prime min ister, but still giving evidences of retaining to the full the indomit able courage and fighting spirit which has characterized his 30 odd years of political life, was making his way today along the first stage of his trek "into the wilderness" with those of his com rades who 'had remained faithful to his leadership. It was certain that he would prove to be a difficult opponent in the coming battles, as there are admittedly few men in the country who possess such mastery of the art of politics as he. The unionists, the liberals' and the laborites alike were conferring and working intensely In an at tempt to solve the problem con fronting them. Former Premier Asqulth, who was in the country when he heard of the collapse of the Lloyd - George government, rushed back today to confer with his colleagues as to what line the liberals should adopt, and other conferences were proceeding among the various party leaders. It Is declared in high political circles that .the government which Mr. Bonar Law has in view will be prepared to continue in all essen tial respects the work of the late ministry. The keynotes of his pro gram, it Is indicated, will be the strictest economy In Internal ad ministration and a. better under standing with the allies In Inter national affairs. , j ' Insurgent Captured Belfast, Oct. 20. The capture by Free State forces operating In northern Gal way of Commandant General T. McGuIre, member of the Dail Elreann and one hundred men under him, is announced in dispatches received here today, , PRICE TWO CENTS Widow for Sale for ; $5000 Receives Nine Proposals for Marriage Des Moines, Iowa, Oct. 20. Within a few hours after she had told - the world that she was for sale to any men who would furnish her with $5000 with which she could pay for an operation which would re lease her from the bands ot paralysis, Mrs. Ruth Scher merhorn, 23 year old widow, received eight proposals of marriage. Fifty per cent of them were of the ''kidding" type, she said, but the other four were bona fide. She has not yet ac cepted any of them. N Constantinople, Oct. ; 20. (By Associated Press.) The sultan's government has been soundly snubbed by the first dignitary of the Turkish nationalist govern ment to arrive here since Musta- pha Kemal Pasha's army consoli dated the strength of the Angora government by its victory over the Greeks. Rafet Pasha, military governor of Thrace, upon his arrival at his Stamboul residence yesterday, found waiting there official repre sentatives from the grand vizier and the ministry of the interior. The representative sent In his card first, the stubby little general smoothed out the wrinkles in his tunic, gazed at the card In a pom pous, official manner and said: "Who is this person? I know of no grand vizier; there is no such office or official." Next came the envoy whose card Bald that he represented "Field Marshal All Riza Pasha, minister of the interior." Again Rafet assumed his official air. "I'm sure I don't know any such person," he again announced. Speaking in an interview of the future position of Turkey, Rafet Pasha earn: "We know we have one of the biggest armies in the world and we are today the most powerful military nation. We have achieved a victory which I am confident no other army could have won." a "ON R Tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock at the Bligh theater the second installment of "The Radio King", a special serial feature, will be shown for boys and girls under 13 years of age by The Capital Journal. Children who appear with a Capital Journal coupon,' published elsewhere, and five cents, will be admitted. The picture is held to be one of the best shown here for some time and is especially well suited for an audience of children, ac cording to Manager Frank Bligh. Last week a free matinee was shown by The Journal and the largest crowd of children which ever jammed the theater was present. In connection with the serial two prizes are to be given away by the Ace. 300 MORE IN B Three hundred new members is the goal of officials iu charge of the Salem chamber ot commerce membership drive which will be gin here next Monday and con tinue for three days. A meeting at which final plans will be perfected will be held at the chamber tonig'St. Chairman C. P. BiBhop, Vice-Chairman T. M. Gregory, President J. 'C. Perry, "Colonel" R. O. Snelllng, "Col onel" Henry E. Morris and Man ager Bob Duncan will be present. According to present plans the campaign organization will be di vided into two regiments ot seven companies each. Mr, Snelling will command one of these and Dr. Morris will have charge of the other. Each company will be mads up of three workers, he cap tain and two privates. At th meeting tonight the city will be divided into districts and pros pects will be apportioned as equal ly as possible. - KEMALS ENVOY SOUNDLY S U B S SULTAN'S RADIO KING ROW HI mm on Trains and news stands five cents 1 6 WDBBLIES ORDERED OUT OF PORTLAND Heralded Exodus Peters Out Of the 200 Arrest ed, 118 Discharged Dozen Held. Portland, Or., Oct. 20. Sixteen men were placed In a patrol wagon and a sight seeing bus at police headquarters here today and start ed for the city limits, Where police had announced the men would be ordered to leave Portland because of their alleged connection with the Industrial WorkerB of tha World in the longshoremen strike here. A crowd that packed the street in front of police headquar ters Baw the departure. This was the heralded exodus ot the men rounded up by the police Wednesday night and yesterday. Of the more than 200 taken into custody 118 were discharged by Municipal Judge W. A. Ekwall. A dozen foreigners were held for in vestigation by immigration offi cials and the rest were- either turned loose by the police or had not been arraigned. Word was received here Izzt night that itinerants at Seattle had been ordered to Portland to help flood the Jail. Thus far, however, no such Influx has made itself felt. Portland, Or., Oct. 20. Police were gathering together at tho jail early today a batch of pris oners arrested in connection with the round up of Industrial Work ers of the World, to escort them to the city limits and turn them loose with the order not to re turn. All railroads and roads leading Into the city were closely watch ed, and during the night several additional parties of itinerants were taken into custody and sent to the jail, which again was over crowded. Altogether nearly 120 additional men had been rounded up early today. The city has enrolled 74 addi tional policemen under an emer gency ordinance passed yesterday by the city council to deal with the situation brought about by a strike of longshoremen in which the I. W. W. are involved. In the basement of police headquarters riot guns were being oiled and made ready for use if necessary. Simultaneously In the bertillion room clerks were busy examining the fingerprints ot men arrested with a view of identifications. Police Lieutenant Thatcher, who had charge of the campaign against radicals and obstruction ists here during the war, examin ed a quantity of literature seized yesterday by the police at I. W. W. headquarters. "The idea is the same, butt tho language is, different," he said. 8213 SMITES Eight thousand two hundred and thirteen residents of Salem are registered for the November election. Of these 4,442 are men and 3,771-ere women. Six thousand three hundred and fifty-four republicans are regis tered, of whom 3,442 are men and 2,912 are men. There are 1,460 democrats 772 being men and 688 being women. Other registrations for Salem are as follows: Prohibitionists, 109; progres sives, 5; socialists, 39; independ ents, 174, and miscellaneous, 72. TOLERANCE URGED BY SPEAKER HERE A greater interest in churches and schools and more tolerance in matters of religion were urged by M. J. Duryea, ot the state cham ber of commerce, in a speech be fore the Marion County Commun ity Federation at the Salem cham ber of commerce last night. His subject was "The Pilgrim Spirit." The tendency toward religious strife was deplored by Mr. Duryea, Each man, he felt, should be per mitted to worship as he chooses. About 75 persons were present at the federation meeting. Don ald Marvin ot Portland served as song leaders. Harley White and George Grit- fith ot Salem gars short talks. ARE REGISTERED close.