, ni.i in, i i i iiiiii mi n mi ' " ' -...-.-.. ,-.,,. . .... , -j ....
. At J
Sanonskg . frttman.
J. s. FOUKE,
. . ravineM in advance ......... , . v . $ 2.00
- Da. " ' withi ij montli..'.i .... ... 2 5JS
Da. " : after th expiratiea of six month. ..i.. 2,50.
.A laiiureto nowy Viol a desire todisconlinue,ia under
aiood a wishing to continue the subacriplioB. and the pa'
par will ba sent accordingly, bat alt order to discontinue,
wma mrrjOT r pwa, win oe launiuuy attended to.
- Law ot Newspaper. v ' -
' 1. Subscriber wh do not rive express notice to the
"'contrary, ar eouaidered as wiahiug ta Conliuue their ant
tecriptious. .. . 1 .- .
- If subscribers order the discontinuance of (heir pa
pers, the publisher ma; continue to send them unlit all
arrearages are paid. ' ;-. ' .
3. If subscribers He-elector tvfaa toak their papers
from the office to wltt:h lhT"re direcleJl tliev are bald
Responsible till they aetllo their bill and order their pajers
OlSOOnilUUeO. - ' V " v, ,; ;,"
. 4. If sabecribers remove t other .places, .wilhoat in
forming the publisher, anil the paper in aent to tlie form
er flireeiionthoyare'hwldvwpiiiwihle, -S ." i ft
5.. - The court a have decided that refusing to take a
tiea-spiDor or periodical from the-ntlice, or removing; and
. leaving A one died fur, i prim O'aoie evidence of iuten
tionat fraud. - " ; ' j ; c Vfi- r " -
Haw to rroe r ptn Fiml see thai yon have paid
"fur H ap to the time vou n Jo slopt. notify the post
rnwMerofToar desire," and ask him to uetif; the publisher
auder hi frank, Us i authorized to doj of Jou wish
e discouliune. ' '. ' ' ' , ;
Pot t r 35.
HOW SOFTLY OX THE BRUISED HEART,
A SONG BY. C D. sti-art. n i .
, How softly tn the bruised heart s f
. A word of kindness falls, ij -.J - c
- And to the dry and parched soul '
The moist'ning tear drop calls; " " ' -:
O, if they knew, who walk the eartlt
i -. :'-'Mid sorrow grief and pain.: ;. -i.
.- The power word of kindaesa hath.:
. . "Twere Paradise agaia -.a ;.. .
The weakest, and the poorest, may ; v
j, . ? .'. This simple pittance give, ,1v .Va-:-.'"--I
And bid delight to withered hearts ; - : ,i. ,
k Retura agtua and live; v 'V-V
O, what is life if love be lost? j. , "t v ,
t If Man's unkind to man- V " 4 4 . . . ," ;
i Or what the heaven that waits beyond ,w
-: ; Si This brief but mortal span f ;
- - ! .i.,,''.-';;:.;rw j-,,-; !:
-'-!A stars upoi the tranqnil Sea . ' .
s ."t Jn mimic glory aliine, -v , . ;
: So words of kindness in the heart . ;
t..' if r Betray tlteir source- divine i; t , ; -.
: O, the n, be kind, whoe'er thou art ' .
' "That breathest mortal breath, ,; ''..:;
t l;Aod it shall brighten all thy, life,., tlvi ;t
h 4 J .r And sweeten every death.,
lil i 0 ( t i i onto u 3 .
h ;,;VFLOWERS IN, HEAVEN;:;
Where la' that radiant horr 'S' r'
Slhtll are not aeek, it aud rcp ao iuon I" ' '
" - -f ' . - : : J, Htlill'.
,1'sat alone in my "school-roonx 'The. busy 'be
ings who had been about me all the day had ta
ken their dinner baskets 6a their arms, and trudg
ed off over the hill, in the path which led to their
several homes. " V" K' : ' ;i -' r ' '' ?
1 My desk was strewed over with withered wild
fljwers. Some were bSFjrings of infantile hands,
while others had been brought in by the botani
cal class. I hai dwelt for a longer : time that
flight than Iwaswjat up jn the beauty of the veg
cuible world, ad the goodness and wisdom of its
Creator. ' I spread before ' thgni the beautifully
tinted corolla of the field lily, and showed them its
thread-like stamens with golden anthers, and its
curious pistils. From another wild flower, I drew
the delicate and nioely Notched calyx, and explain
ed to "them , jjg various 1 uses, and asked if man,
with all his boasted powers, had ever planned or
executed anythingone half as lovely. 'V
I turned over the pages vf God's holy word,
and read " a description of the riches' of Solomon,
"and yeV" I continued, "in all his glory he was
not arrayed like one of these." If it is out of our
power to make anything as beautiful as the Tittle
flower which we- cruslr ander-our feet at almost
every step, should we not be humble? ,
s ,' A breathless interest pervaded the little group,
'and their voices were more subdued than usual,
when they came to wish me " good night"
- After the echo of their footsteps had died away,
and the room had become silent, I. opened a book
and began to -read.: - Sotm my attention was ar
. rested by a quick lkrht step, and a little girl of five
summers slid in beside me. 5. Her little, pale, sweet
: ace was turned up toward me, while her sun-bon-'
' - net had fallen back, loosing the dark : brown curls
which strayed in rich profusion around her face
. - ? I thought Frances had gone home ?" said I,
? as I lifted her to a seat beside me. ' Is she not
T afraid her mother will be anxious about her."
t i " I thought Miss Barber would tell me more
- about God, and the beautiful flowers. she replied,
t and I have come back to hear. - - 4 ' - ;
She had gathered a bunch of buttercups, and I
! and took them from Tier little hand, and told her
: T again of their eurious structure." I spoke to her
' 5 of hat most beautiful of God's creation, the moss
; rose and said that He had placed the Magnolia
Grandiflora upon the eartb, to render it more kvely
: ' more tike heaven. ,! J : - ; i f-'"11""-" '
f: She cauo-ht tbe idea with' enthusiasm. Will
there be flowers 4n heaven she asked ?. she asked.
" "There will be every thing bright and bcautful
there,"" I replied, "and if flowers can add any
thing to the beauty of the golden conrts, we shall
surely find them there." ' - -
- "O," said she, " I hope the angels vill wear
- wreatlis of them ; I am sure X, shall love better to
look upon them and to hear them sing!" . j. -y. -
These were among her last words as I parted
from her that evening: The next .day, Frances
- -was not in her seat : I enquired for her and they
: . told me she was not well I never saw her again.
A lew:, days after,- her eoflfin passed my window,
t . covered with a black pall, and followed by a train
, of mourners I watched them until they disap-
- peared in the circuitous road that led to theillagc
: erave-yari and then I turned with a sigh, and
"'I said "Tkb, Fbahcks, 4hkrb abk flOwurs
T Hkavew, tob tor; abb ihbbb. ' ' '; , ' : ;
Put that rieht back where you .took it from,"
as the girl said when ner lover snaicnea a kiss.
WEBSTER'S EULOGY ON MASON.
Among the truly great men of New England,
was Jeremiah Mason, a distinguished lawyer and
politician who after a long course of honor and use-
lulness, died in Boston, on the J 4th of , October
ass. Attne opening of the-bupreme Judicial
youn 01 Massachusetts, on the 1 4th of November
last, Mr. Webster presented to the Court resolu
a j f occasiot of Mr. Mason's
death, and proceeded to pronounce upon his de-
ceasea friend a euloffv. that in simohcitv. imnrp.
v t,"-. e eloquence, nus rarely been
truuunuu uyanv Similar etlort It Was. we remom.
1 . ' . ...
oer, warmty commended at tbe time, but we have
nererMn it n nnnt nut I n . Ti - Li:.t.j
t. ij ! w. 11 itm puuiiHoea
ui the Boston Advertiser, oilast week. The fol-
inir the nrinrinl - ai-anta in Hf- trA
ft us v uuc. - jiner runiaiv sitptn.n.
. o -- 1 f i "i. xuaauu a iuk ana
. coining ot character is really permanent but
virtue and personal worth. They remain. What-
ever of excellence is wrought into the soul itself,
Deiongs to Dotn world. Keal goodness does not
attach itself merely to this life, it points to another
world. Political or professional fame" cannot last
o welling upon his political eminence and profes- hood. To such young men, and there are too ma
swnal fame and character, Mr. Webster said : ny of them, and young females too, we would say,
'-'c :. -a-;-:;.' . Pitts. Gas.: let your winter evenings be well spent in acquiring
forever, but a conscience void of offence before f"? .Is Baore severe and less agreeable than phys
God and man. is an inheritance for etornitv. Rfli. ca toil, but set up your stake and march to it with
gion, therefore, is a necessary, an indisDensible ele-
rm-nt in any great human character. There is ho
living without it 1 Religion is the tie that connects
man witn his Creator, and holds him to his throne.
If that tie be all sundered, all broken, he floats away,
a worthless atom in tbe universe, its Drorjer attrac-
tions all gone, its destiny thwarted, and its whole j'gnenen people so are we removed from barbar
'uturc nothintr but darkness, desolation and rWth 'sm- As it is with nations so itis with individuals:
a. mau wun no sense ot religious duty is he whom
the scriptures describe in terse but terrific man -
a . 1 . - - ...
ner as "livinff without God in thn w-lH eWi,
a man is out of his proper beintr," out of the circle
r it 1 - 1 - .
in nn 1113 uappiness, and away, tar away Irom the
purposes 01 nis creation.
A mmd like Mr. Mason's, active, thousrhtful nen-
etrating, sedate, could not but meditate deeply on
iifa condition 01 man Delow and feel its responsibu-
ities. He could not look on this wondrous fram
"Tbis universal frame thus wonderon fair,"
without feeling that it was created and upheld by
an intelligence to which all other intelligence must ;
oe responsible. 1 am bound to say that in the
course of my life I never met with an individual
in any frofession or condition of life, who alwavs
spoke and always thought with such awful rever-
enceof the power and presence of God. J No irrev-
erence, no lightness, even no too familiar allusion to
God and .his attributes ever escaped his lips. The
very notion of a supreme beiner was within him
made up of awe and solemnity. It filled the whole
ot bis great mind with the strongest emotions. A
nn, like him, with all his proper sentiment and
sensibilities alive in him, must in this state of exis
tence, have something to believe and something to
hope for; or else as life is advancing to its close and
parting, all is heart sinking and oppression. De-
pend apon it whatever else may be the mind of
an -old roan old age is only really happy when, on
feeling the enjoyments of this world pass away, it
begins to lay a stronger hold on those of another.
air. Mason's religious sentiments and feclinirs I
were the crowning glories of his character. One scurc and of a logical naturc but a continued ef
with the strongest motives to love and venerate frt fr some time to master such a work, imbibes
him, and the best means of knowledge, says: I
. .1 ... 0 . J . I
i ooiar as my memory extends, he alwavs show-
ed a deep conviction of the Divine author of the
Holy Scriptures, of the value of the institutions of
Christianity, and of the importance of personal re- j
Iigion. But he did not, until his residence in Bos
ton, make any public religious profession. He then
very soon entered the communion of the church.
and has continued since regularly to receive the
Lord's Supper. From that time he has also ha
bitually maintained domestic worship, morning and
evening. . The death of his sons r reduced a deen
impression upon his mind, and directed it to an in-
.. .. 1 r
creased degree to religious things.
"Though he was always reserved in' expressing
religious feeling, still it has been very apparent for
several years past that his thoughts dwelt much
u,,..ulM raigluu8, uuues, ana especially
upon preparation for another World. Within three
or four years he frequently led the conversation to
such subjects,' and during the year past, immediate
preparation for his departue has been obviously the
c instant subject of his attention. His expressions
in regard to it were always deeply humble, and in
deed the very modest and humble manner in which
he alwavs Spoke of himself wns most markerl.
"His whole life, marked with uniform greatness.
mauuui, uuu luiegruy, 111s aeep numiiuy, nis pro-
found reverence for the Divine Maiesty. his habit
ual preparation for death, bis dependence upon his
Saviour, left nothing to be desired for the consola
tion of his family under this great loss. He was
gradually prepared for his departue. His last years
were passed in calm retirement; and he died'as he
wished to die, with his faculties unimpaired; with
out great pain, his family around bis bed, tbe pre
cious promises of the Gospel before his mind, with
out lingering disease, and yet most suddenly called
awny. - :
Such, Mr. Chief Justice, was the life, and such
the death of Jeremiah Mason. For one I would
pour out my heart like water. . I would embalm
his memory in my best affections. His friendship,
so long continued, I esteem one of the greatest
blessings of my life ; and I hope that it may be
known hereafter, that without intermission or
coolness for so long 4 period, Mr. Mason and my
self were friends. . . r. "; r -. ....'.
He died in old age ; not by a violent stroke from
the hand of death, not by a sudden rupture of the
ues 01 nature, but by a gradual wearing out of life.
He enjoyed through life.indeed, remarkable health.
He took competent exercise, loved the open air and
avoiding all extreme theories or practice, controll
ed bis conduct and practice of life by the rules of
prudence and moderation. . His death was there
fore not unlike that desenbed by the Angel,
admonishing Adam : -
"I yield it just, said Adam, and submit.
But ia there yet no other way, besides
These painful passages, how we may come
To death, and mix with ourconnalural dust!"
' There is, said michael, if thou will observe
The rule of 'not too much' bv temperance taught,
In what thnu eat'st and drink'at: seeking from thence
lie nourishment, not gluttonous delight;
Till many years over thy head return,
So may 'at thou live: till, like ripe fruit thou drop
- Into thy mother's lap; or be with ease
. Gathere'd, not harshly pluck'd; for death mature.
This it old ago." .
WINTER EVENINGS FOR MECHANICS.
a luui uur arm cnair we won in aiciate a ten
words of advice to our young friends respecting the
employment of their winter evenings. We arelfbt
among the number of those who think that all kinds
of amusements "should be discountenanced"
"trifling employments.'' There is nothing which
- tends more to elevate man and woman than ration-
al and social amusement The grand question is,
the rationale of the matter. Let everv one choose
to their tast in thia
oe not impure and foolish. We would direct at-
I tention tn tha stnnr.n. r :J u r..i
1 """'UK VI fcUO X1J1I1U Wlbli U9CIU1
ll4 .. i.n , J .
w tun unremittingly aurmg tne summer sea-
son from sun rise to sunset, and have no opportun-
J I ;M ur 1 1 1 . , -1 . .... ,.
1 it v. ana npvcr nan rr nnnirinrr a mntaha ahm
ucjuic mcy were ooiieea 10 ton lor tneir liveii-
Uie euucaiion you possiOly can. J I you are
near an evening school, do not neglect to attend it
and Pa7 attention to your studies. If you are not
.r. a scnooi, De sure and have a good book, a
''"S copy nd a slate m the house, and dig out
ot tnem a11 the gw contained therein. Mental
unflinching perseverance. You may bebatHed' of-
tened an" 'eel discouraged, but whenever this is
the case lay down your studies for a moment and
renecl upon "e prize before you. The difference
Deteei "n American and a savage, is in their ed-
ucauon, ana just m proportion as we are an en-
f . .:it c. 1 1 , 1 . . 1 . 1
uwiu nu ms ievei, except it may oe ine
) fortuitous circumstance of being born rich, and even
1 ma' n our country is not of so much conseauence.
Young mechanic remember that you have a title
I 4t. t.:t.r. i.i
1 " 15 Ulsura' vuiw iu we commonweaitu.
iet not thy mind recoil, .
At transitory pain or manly toil :
I - Be thine the task, be thine the care,
I ; Jooiy to sutler and sublimely dare,
I Wisdom waves on hicrh a radiant nrizp
And each hard step but leads thee to the skies.'
., We hope that the young men belonsinff to our
various Mechanics' institutes are availing them-
selves 01 tne winter lectures and the good books in
the libraries. In the Mechanics' Associations
throughout the State, (of whieh there are now a
great number, one in almost every village, and oth
States, wc hope that the older members are by
practical lectures scattering the good seed in good
wil. You-hare still a great task before you, but
"knowledge is power," & ia union there is strength."
0 would not dictate to any man what course of
study to pursue, we only say lay out the track.
then on to it like a locomotive. We regret that
there are so many vicious and foolish books read by
our young men rank trash they are to mind and
body. They tend to make a man like nothing but
an old shoe in this world and .good for nothing in
the next Our young females, too, are perhaps the
most criminal in this respect We are afraid that
the fine matronaly character of our old American
'ady s t disappearing from among us. We know
that it is a hard task to study a work that is 00
a task for it, and every one knows the difference in
;. r 1 f , 1 -" . .....
pou 01 ueneni in peing acquainted wun tne use-
sciences, instead of the heroes and heroines of
romance. . To those who would desire to know the
valuC of winter evenings in acquiring useful infor
mation, we may spend them well now, and tell us
in ten years after this what has been the result
We predict that California with-all her gold would
be no equipoise for its value. If at this moment we
were offered all the wealth of Mexico as an ex-
! change for the information we possess, so as to
leave the mind a savage blank, we would not look
at the offer' as a measure for the enjoyment re
would lose. Ihere is many a sermon contained in
the old maxim :
" 'Tis education forms the common mind.
. Just as the twig is bent the tree's inclined."
With our excellent School Libraries, there is no
excuse for iemorance: let the winter eveninsrs be
well employed, and there will be none needed.
It we loot around us
we perceive one vast
union, in which no one can work for himself, with-
L -i-; f, tv,,i. . f. tii ,;i,,t
working for himself; since the happy progress of
one member, is the happy progress of all, a glimpse
of truth, that by. the harmony we see in the midst
of variety, elevates the soul, and becomes to it a
power and a blessing, btill more so, when a man
comes to regard himself as a necessary member
of this great union. The feeling of our dignity
and power grow strong, when we say to ourselves:
My existence is not aimless and in vain. I am a
necessary link in the chain, which, from the full de
velopment of consciousness in the first man, stretch
es forward into eternity. All the great, good and
wise, among mankind all the benelactors ot the
human race, whose names I find noted in the his
tory of the world and the much greater number
whose good deeds have outlived their names all
all these have labored for me. I have entered into
their fair harvest on this fair earth, which they in
habit I followed tn their -footsteps spreading
blessings. I can undertake the solemn task that
they undertook that of making our common broth
erhood wiser and happier. I can build on, where
they were forced to cease. I can bring nearer to
perfection, that magnificent" temple which they left
unfinished. ;But even as they, I, too, must leave it,
and go hence. : Oh ! this is the sublimest thought
of all! I can never finish the sublime task, I have
undertaken, therefore, so sure as this task is my
destiny, I can never cease to work ; and, consequent
ly, never cease to be. That which men call death,
cannot break up this work, which is never ending;
consequently, no limit is set to my existence, I am
eternal. I lift my head boldly to the threatening
mountain-peaks, to the sounding cateracts, and to
the driving storm clouds swimming in the sea
of fire, and say. I am eternal I defy your power
Break, break over me ! and Earth, and Heaven
mingle yourselves in the tumult! My will alone.
with its purpose shall float bold and triumphant,
over the ruins of the universe; for I have com
prehended my destiny, and it is more durable than
ye. It is eternal ; and I also am eternal !
FEBRUARY 24, 1849.
SPEECH OF MR. TAYLOR, OF OHIO,.
On the question of referring the bill to abolish the Slave
Trade in the District of Columbia, to the committee of
tne Whole on the Stale of the Union, Feb. 2, 1819.
r . rti ,
m.t. j. ATLOR saia ne aia not propose to occupy
much of the time of the House; but he had risen
principally to make an explanation of his own po
sition on tnis quesaon, having been very much
misrepresented here and elsewhere in regard to the
resolution which had been introduced some weeks
ago by the gentleman from New York,-Mr. Gott
fie would first say, he hoped that the motion
made by his friend and colleague, Mr. Edwards,
who had introduced this bill, would be carried by
the House; and that the bill would be referred to
the committee of the whole on the State of the
Union and printed, that all might see it and be
enabled to act understandingly and deliberately
upon the subject ' He here distinctly avowed him
self in favor of the principals of the bill. He wish
ed to see it, to examine it, to ascertain whether
there was anything unconstitutional in it or not
and if there was, he told his friends from the South
he shrunk from no responsibility here, and he was
ready to vote according to the dictates of his best
judgment upon this and upon any other question
which might arise out of tbe subject of slavery.
Now, in reference to the resolution introduced
several weeks ago by the gentleman from New
York: It had been represented ia various parts of
the country by Democratic papers, and by the pa
per falsely calling themselves "Free Soil" papers,
but which were political nuisances in the country!
that he (Mr. T.) had . shrunk from voting on this
resolution, lie was not present in tbe house when
the resolution was introduced ; he was absent on
business, as was frequently the case with gentle
men. 11 be had been here, he should have looked
into the resolution, and then votad according to the
dictates ot his best judgment
I A voice, "liow would you have voted 7"J
He would tell gentlemen, if they would hear him.
While he was willing to vote for a law prohibiting
the slaveholding States from sending their negroes
into tbe District of (Jolumbia for sale, he was not
disposed to vote for any insulting preamble prefa
ced to such a resolution or bilL He was ready to
vote for the amendment proposed by the gentle
man from Indiana, Mr. Smith, J upon the recon
sideration of the resolution, tie had voted to re
consider it, for the purpose of voting for the substi
tute proposed by that gentleman. ' . '. . . " -
And now, while he was on the floor, he bad a
word to" say with regard to the struggle which
seemed to be disappointed portions of tbis confed
eracy. There was a manifestation of disappoint
ment by a great party on the one hand, and by a
small party on the other, who were doubly, trebly
disappointed in the result of the recent Presidential
contest Those who favored the election of Gener
al Cass had failed most signally to- effect their ob
ject It was natural that they should feel morti
fied, wounded, disappointed ; Hud, so far as they
presented the question of slavery here by the in
troduction of resolutions, or by speeches calculated
to alienate one portion of the confederacy from the
other, it was only an involuntary manifestation of
of theregretj the despair and sadness that perva
ded the party at their overwhelming defeat- There
was another party, doubly, trebly disappointed, who
were known by the euphonious name of Barnbur
ners, who had set their trap at Buffalo to catch all
such as choose to come into their organization.
They had succeeded in entrapping the political Ab
olitionists of the State which he in part represent
ed, as though they were taken in a steel trap of a
hundred horse-power, and they 'were unable to ex
tricate themselves. ' i7ence they came up here, a
few men on this floor, manifesting these feelings,
and were introducing systematically, frequently,
and unnecessarily, propositions which were calcu
lated to disturb the peace of the country, without
giving the house an opportunity maturely to con
sider them. They were asked and forced by the
previous question to vote upon tbem without reflec
tion and without fully understanding their nature
and objects. He sympathized not with these
If these gentlemen represent the "anti-slavery"
society which met on the 12th of May, 1843, in the
city of New York, where Wm. Floyd Garrison pre
sided as president, and whose proceedings ne j
found published in the N. Y. Tribune, (but with
which the-great body of the citizens of that city, he
believed they had no sympathy and would find no
response from any part of the people of the State
of Ohio, which he had the honor in part to repre
sent They threatened to dissolve the Union of
these States, and break down the American
churches, to carry out their purposes. He had no
sympathy with them. He looked upon them as
disortranizers and disunionists. who ought to be
scouted bv every (rood man in the country, frornl
the North or the South. He had before him the
resolutions passed by that meeting, and he would
read one, that the spirit which they manitested
might be seen and understood by the country :
"Unsolved, That slaveholders, as such, can have
no rights ; that they have no rightful existence on
earth; that they were never created by God, and
constitute no part of the human race ; they are of
monstrous and diabolical origin; and no law, no
compact, no religion, that endorses their humanity,
is to be obeyed or tolerated."
This was the spirit of these fanatical abolitionists
who composed this anti-slavery society.
" Now, he said to his southern friends here, that
while they dealt in wholesale denunciations of the
North, they did great injustice to the moderate, in
telligent, and conservative men of all parties in the
North. Who were the men in the North who com
posed this miserable faction, and who were instiga
ting trouble in the country ? Many of them came
from the South. That the house might know, and
that the attention of the country might be called
to the facts, he would name a few of the leading
spirits who had come among them at the North,
and who were exciting this spirit of faction sad
In the first place was Mr. Birney, formerly of
Kentucky, once a slaveholder, who either sold his
slaves himself, or had them wrested from him by
the strong arm of the law, and afterwards remov
ed to Michigan and became a Democratic Aboli
tion candidate for the Legislature. Afterwards he
was the candidate of the political Abolitionists for
the Presidency of the United States. Avery
small number of the people in the State of Ohio,
and some in New York, sustained him for that high
Office; but the great body of the people of Ohio,
let him tell gentlemen, were as sound as the peo
people of any portion of the Union, upon all con
stitutional questions in - reference to slavery in the
ooutnern - states, and tney had no desire to inter
fere with it, so far as it was guaranteed bv the con-
a! a i ii. - TT . 1 .
- mi t ) 1
xney uau in vnio a nigmy educated, accom
plished, plausible and eloquent -gentleman from
South Carolina, Mr. John C. Vaughan a gentle
man whom ho personally knew who, he under
stood, wus engaged in the laudable business of ed
iting an Abolition paper in tbe city of Cincinnati,
to enlighten the people of the State with reference
to slavery m the southern states.
They had also in Ohio Mr. Stanley Matthews,
(now Clerk of the fouse tf Representatives in that
state,; formerly ot Tennesee, where he edited a
Democratic paper in favor of Polk and Dallas for
the .Presidency and Vice Presidency now editing
what was called a "Free Soil" paper, and cultiva
ting the spirit of faction, to break down the beauti
ful institutions which our forefathers reared for us.
Now, what do we see in the city of Washinirton ?
A Mr. Baihr, who, he nnderstood, was from the
State of Vnginia, conducting an Abolition naner
caiiea me -.national rjra."- 11 ne was wrong, he
hoped some centleman would con-pet him ffa
II -J . 1 ..V , IT-. .. X ! . A
did not know the gentleman, but he nnderstood he
was from the State of Virginia, located in this me
tropolis, propogating his political Abolition doctrines
that our friends in the South might charge unon
the North that they were instigating this spirit of
i . 1 . 1 1 -.
tauuun auu political ADouuon.. ,-
lhen, again, during the excitement at the last
session of Congress, when the negroes were stolen
from this district by three kidnappers, and, when
the excitement reigned at its' intehsest height, he
had seen, in a Baltimore paper, the card of another
gentleman, (a Mr. Snodgrass, he believed,) who
edited a similar paper in the city of Baltimore, and
who hailed from Virginia, and who eedorsed the
publications of the editors of the National Era.
.Now. he trusted his friends from the south, when
they spoke of Northern fanatics who would destroy
this glorious Union of ours, would recollect, if there
... ..... .1
were any such there, that they were not confined
in the North ; the South had abolitionists, fanatics,
disorganizers, who, if they could not live at home,
came among them at the North, throwing in their
firebrands to excite a popular indignation against
the institutions of the southern states.. -
He had said much more than he anticipated
when he rose; but he would embrace this occasion
to say, that he saw all the delicacy which surroun
ded this great question touching the abolition of
slavery in the District of Columbia. He looked to
.those who had gone before, us for information up
on the subject He was not disposed to legislate
hastily upon it: and while he was ready to prohib
it the importation of negroes into this District for
sale, he looked for information to the wise men who
had gone before him, and he found that the ven
erable patriot who, honored and beloved, sunk into
this chair (pointing to tbe seat formerly occupied,
by Mr. J. Q. Adams) at the last session of Con
gress, expressed himself, as late as the year 1843,
in the city of Pittsburgh, against abolishing sla
very m the District of Columbia without the con
sent of the inhabitants, i He had a copy of the
peech of that gentleman before him, and he would
read an extract from it: , - -
Mr. Adams was waited on by a committee of
the political Abolitionists, urging, him to meet
and address them. This he declined ; answering
that he was as much opposed to slavery as any of
them, and especially to the representation of slaves
in Congress, but expressing his opposition to the
abolition measure of the day, as follows: .
" On the subject of abolition, abolition societies
anti-slavery societies, or the liberty, party; I .have
never been a member of any of them.
" As to the abolition of slavery in the District ot
Columbia, I have said that I was opposed to it
not because I have any doubts as to the power of
uongress to aoonsn slavery in me district ior a
have none but I regard it as a. violation of re
publican principles, to enact laws at the petition
of one people which are to operate on anotner peo
ple against their consent As the laic now stands
the people of this JJistnct have property in ttieir
slaves. . .. .t. - , ;
" I do not admit these laws are in accordance
with justice, for it can never . be true that one man
can rightfully have property in another man.
Still, these laws have had an existence since before
that part of the country became the JJijstrict of
Columbia, and was brought under thjjT JJwer of
Congress, and I think, they should nofcaue altered
without the consent of the people of the District"
He would state that he could see no reasonable
objection, and he had heard no reasonable objec
tion urged upon any one side of the House, against
the adoption of the resolution of the gentleman
from Indiana, offered as a substitute for the reso
lution of the gentleman from New York the sim
ple effect of which substitute was to instruct the
committee on the District of Columbia to enquire
into the propriety of preventing the importation of
negroes into the District of Columbia for sale.
The State of Maryland prevented the importation
of slaves within her borders for the -purpose of
sale. Such a law, he understood, existed in that
State; and he understood that the bill reported
this morning by his colleague, (Mr Edwards) and
now under consideration, was merely a conscript
of the law of Maryland upon this subject But,
he repeated, when such a proposition was introdu
ced here, instead of voting upon it without under
standing it under the pressure of the previous
question immediately after it was brought before
them, let them have it printed and referred to the
committee of the whole on the Str-tfc of the Uuion,
that they might legislate without haste, without
violence, and with a proper understanding of the
whole subjeet. . ' -
He would avail himself of this opportunity to
say one wod with regard to the recent distinguish
ed sectional southern convention which was held
in another part of this Capitol. He regretted to
see sectional meetings held in any part of the U.
States. He had read the two addresses presented
in that convention, and it was neediess to say that
he disapproved of them both.
Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, rose to a point of or
der. -. . ' , , ""' '
The Speaker. . The chair rules out of order re
marks upon that convention, if the point of order
is made. Z'' "'. :
Mr. Taylor said he would not speak of the pro
ceedings of that convention, then, but would re
fer to the allegations which were constantly urged
.against the north in this House by southern men,
that then- slaves escaping into the free States could
not be reclaimed, and that there were-organized, i t
bodies to prevent the master recovering his slave,
and to help him on his transit to Canada. So far 's -
as that part of Ohio which he had the honor to
represent was concerned, the declaration was per- 1
fectly unfounded." " No master evercame within;
his district without having all the benefits which. I
the Constitution of the United States and tbe law-
gave to him. : there were various instances in .
which these laws had been carried out to the letter. "
and the master had taken home his slave. ; . .
Another thing; he bad resided in the State of
Ohio for twenty years, and he had never known or '
heard there of any such secret organization as
were alleged by some of their southern friends to -
exist, to aid the fugitive slaves from the elavehold- ;
ing States in their transit to Canada. - . -; :
They did not want the free negroes' of the slave- -
holding States in the State of .Ohio; and he feared -'
the time was rapidly arrivinirwhen they would be 1
compelled to adopt the policy of Illinois, and ckso -tbe
door to the admission of any free negroes from, - -the
slave States, or they might Ibe overrun by such '
a population as these States should choose, to send J
them. The Governor of Virginia had recently re-
ported the Legislature of that State , that there t.
were 'about .fifty thousand free negroes iu Virginia, -and
recommended that they Should be expelled-'
irom mat state. - unio wan tea none 01 mat popu
lation; the greater portion of itwas a pauper pop-'5 '
ulation. ; They did not want any more of it - -'
He was opposed alsc'to placing this black race, !
free or slave, upon a platform of equality with the "
whites, because he thought they were unworthy to'
stand upon that platform, and jhat they were inca
pable of exercising the rights of citizenship. He"'
should give hii consent to no such proposition as to
allow the free negroes and the slaves to vote upon
any political questions." The Constitution of the v -United
States contemplated that tfie white citizens' - .
of the country should . do the legislation of the
country, and not the negroes. - He dissented from
the views of his colleague, (Mr. Giddings.) who, .
, j . 1 . 1 - ?
I some weeks since, desired that a vote oithe free
negroes and the slaves of this District should be
taken upon the; question altering , the relation of
master and slave here. Such views and opinions .
found no countenance among: the great . Jbody of .
the people of Ohio ; and .he ."wished . his friends '
from the north and south to understand it'
He had said a great deal more than he bad in- .
tended when he arose, and wished to say, inconclu
sion, that he looked upon every effort, from every
quarter of the Union-that looked Jo a dessolution
of the union of these States, as proceeding from
an ill-judged quickness of action, from a disorgani-
zing spirit, and from a feeling utterly at variance :
with the peace and tranquility of the country; he
stood:bv the Union. He stood by it as Washing
ton recommended we should stand by it; and he :
" looked indignantly " upon any man, north or south
who would deliberately ao any act m this Halk or
in the country, calculated to violate the integrity of
the . Union, or break down the constitution under.
which we;' all lived and had prospered, and under
which, he trusted, the country might prosper and
be united forever. :i. . . . ,
- ; A TOUCHING STORY. .
Hon. A. H. Stephens of Georgia, in a recent ad
dress at a meeting in Alexandria, for' the benefit
of the Orphan Asylum and Free Schools of that '
city, related the following anecdote :: ;'': - v -
A noor little boy in a cold night in June, with
no home or roof to shelter his Jiead, no" paternal Or""
maternal guardian or guide to protect or direct him
on his way, reached at nightfall the house of a rich
planter, who took him in, fed, lodged, and sent him
on his way, with his blessinjg. Those kiad attentions
cheered his heart, and inspired bim with fresh
courage to battle with the obstacles Of life; Years
rolled round; Providence led him on; he had reach
ed the legal profession ; his host had died ; the cor- -morants
that prey on the substance of man bad
formed a conspiracy to get from the, widow her es-"
tates.. She sent for the nearest counsel to commit
her cause to him, and that counsel proved to be
the orphan boy, years before welcomed and enter
tained by her deceased husband. . The stimulus
of warm and tenacious gratitude was now added
to the ordinary motive connected with .the protes-
sion. He undertooK ner cause witn a wm not eas
ily to be resisted; he gaine"diit;- the widow's es
tates were secured to her in perpetiiity ahd Mr.
Stephens added, with an emphasis of emotion that
sent its electric thrill throughout the bouse, 'that
orphanboy stands before gou!' r: i :
MILITARY ESCORTS .AC0RS3 THE
r PLAINS. ,: .. j;
The people-of St Louis have drawn up "a pe
tition to Congress praying mat noay to estaoiisn
a safe commercial communication from rorfc Lev-
enworth to California, lor tins object they ask
for a military force of 600 or 80tt men, and . half
dragoons and the other half riflemen the whole
force to ba divided into four detachment of 150
or 200 men ; two divisions always to whiter in Cal
ifornia, and two at Fort lievenwortb. . ihree di-
fvisions to act as convoys for the gold treasures of
California and the parties having them m cnarge.
The potency of words. rf On words rest the
axis of the intellectual world, '! A word haih struck
a million hearts, and envenomed
. j - . . i.:
every hour throughout ineir naru puisaufu.
winded word hath hung the destiny of nations.
Ona winded word, hath human wisdom been
willinsr to cast the immortal soul, and to leave 11.
dependent for all its future happiness. r '
Thr is nothins purer than honesty nothing
sweeter than charity nothing warmer than love
nothing richer than wisdem nothing brighter
than virtue and nothing more steadfast than faith..
These united in one mind, form the purest, sweet
est, warmest, brightest, and most steadfast happi
ness. : ; '
---V;- , . ": -t
How beautiful aro ibe smiles of innocence
how endearing the sympathies of love bow sweet
the solace of friendship bow lovely the teara of
affection! These combined, are all characteristic
of Woman. They are'tbe true poeixy of human
ityrich pearls clustering around the altar, of do
mestic felicity. - ' - ;- ; - - ;
, C i-5saW; j. j. - - wmmi rnr - - ' .
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