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tP-r-z THE BASHFUL COCJSIX.
- BY MRS. HARRIET B. 8TOWE. Mistakes and misunderstandings are not such bad things after all, at least not always so circumstan ces alter cases. . I remember a case in point Every body in the country admired Isabella Edmunds and in truth Bho 'was admirable -creature ,. jnst made for admiration,' sonneteering, and. falling in love with and accordingly all the country was in love with her. ' .. . - Now I shall hot' inform my reader how she looked; you may just think of a Venus, a Psyche, a dladonna, a tairy and angel,' et cetera, ana you will have a very definite idea on the point. But Miss Isabella bad a sister. 'Little Kate,' for she was always spoken of in the diminutive, was some year younger than her sister, and somewhat shorter in stature. She had no pretensions to beauty none at all in short, sir, she looked very much like Miss G., whom you admire so much, though you always declare she is not handsome. It requires a very peculiar talent to be over stocked with good grace, and in this talent Miss Kate excelled: she was placid and happy by the side of her brilliant sister as any little contented 'star that for ages had twinkled on, unnoticed, and almost clisped by the side of peerless moon. In deed, the only art or science in which Kate ever made any great proficiency was the art and sience of being nappy, and in this she so excelled, that one could scarcely be in her presence half an hour without feeling unaccountably happy himself. She had a word of sprightliness,a deal of simplicity and affection, with a dash of good natural shrewd ness, that after all kept you more in awe than you would suppose you could be kept by such a merry, good natured little body. Not one of Isabella's adorers ever looked at ber with such devout ad miration as did the laughing, loving Kate. No one was so ready to run wan ana iena 10 De up siairs and down stairs, and everywhere in ten minutes, when Isabella was dressing lor a conquest. It came to pass that a certain college valttudi arian, and a far off cousin of the two sisters, came .. down to pass a few months of his free agency at his father's and as aforsaid, he had carried off the .first collegiate honor, besides the hearts of all the ladies in the front gallery at the commencement. So interesting, so polite ! such fine eyes and all .that, was the reputation he iett among the gentler sex. But, alas! poor Edward, what did all this ad . .vantage to hurt, so long as he was afflicted with .this unutterable indescribable malady, malady com monly rendered bashfulness, a worse nuIiSer than any ever heard of in Carolina ; should you see him ia company, you would suppose bins ashamed of his remarkably handsome person and cultivated mind. When he began to speak, you felt tempt ed to throw open the window and offer him a 'smelling bottle.ha made such a distressing affair of it; and as to speaking to a lady, the thing was not to be though of -.Whew Kate heard that this rara avis was com ing to her father's she was unaccountably interest- -e'd to see him, bf course because her "cousin, and because a dozen other things too numerous to mention. : v ; .He came, and was for days an object of com miseration as well as admiration to the whole fami ly circle.-.After a while however, he grew quite domestic; entered the room straightforward instead of stealing in sideways ; talked off whole sentences without stopping, looked at Miss Isabella full in the face witnout blushing, even tried his skill a sketch ing patterns and window silk read poetry and '.played the lute with the ladies romped and f ro ikked with the children, and in short, as- John ob served, was as merry as a psalm book from morn ing till night. -v Divers renoris beo-an to snread . abroad in the c o I m t r aeghborhood, and great confusion existed in the camp of Isabella's admires. It was stated with : precision how many times they had ridden, walked and talked together, and even all they had said and in short, the whole neighborhood was full of. ' Thal s'range; knowledge that dolh come We know uut how, we know not where." .w:A for Kate, she always gave all admirers to her sister,' ex-officio; so she thotight of all men she had seen, she should like cousin Edward best for a brother, and she did hope that Isabella would l;I:e him as she did, and for some reason or other, she felt as if she eould not ask any question about it. At last, events appeared to draw to-ward a crisis. Edward became more and' more 'brown studious' very day and'he and Isabella had divers solitary walks and confabulations, from which they return ed with a solemnity of countenance. Moreover the quick sighted little Kate noticed that when Ed ward was with herself he seemed to talk as though he talked not; -when with Isabella he was all ani mation and interest a reveries, and broke off the thread of conversation abruptly, and in short, had every appearance of a person who would be glad to say something if he only knew how. 'So, said Kate to herself, 'they neither of them speak to me on the subject I should think they might Bell I should think" would, and Edward knows I am a friend of his. I know he is think ing of it all the time; he might as well tell-me, and he shall.' ; The next morning little Kate was setting in the ' little back parlor. Isabella had gone out shopping, and Edward was she knew not where. Oh no, here he is, coming back into the self same room. 'Now for it, said the little girl mentally ; I'll make A charge at him." She looked up, Master Edward ' was sitting diagonally . on the sofa, twirling the leaves his his book in a very unscllblar-like manner; looked out of the window, then walked up to the ..sideboard. and then poured 3 tumplers water iCen .he drew a chair up to the work table and took up -first one ball of cotton, and looked m all over, and Jaid It down again ; then he took up the scissors and minced up two or three little bits of paper.and then began to pull the needles out of the needle Jbook and put them back again. 'Do you wish for some sewing, sir ? said the young lady, after having very composedly super intended those operations.' 'How Ma'am, what? said he starting and up . setting the box, stand and all upon the floor. 'Now, cousin, I'll thank you to pick up that cotton,' said Kate, as the confused collegian stood staring at the cotton balls rolling in diverse direc tions. . 'It takes some time to pick up the strings in alady's work-box.' But at last peace was restor ed, and with it a long pause. - 'Well, cousin,' said Kate in about ten minutes, if you can't speak I can ; you have something to ; tell me, you know you have. 'Well I know I have.' said the scholar, in a tone of hearty vexation. ' There's no use of being so fierce about it,' said ' the misehtevpus maiden, 'nor of tangling my silk and picking out all my needles, and upsetting my work-box as preparatory ceremonies. There is never any use in being a fool Kate, but I am vexed that I cannot say' a long pause. 'Well, sir, you have displayed a reasonable fluency so far; don t you feel as tho'. you could .finish 1 dont be alarmed : I should like of all things i to be your confidant' But Edward did not finish ; his tongue clove to the roof of his mouth, and he appeared to be going into convulsions. 'Well' I must finish for you, I suppose.' said the young lady. 'The short of the matter is, Master Edward you are in love and have exhibited the phenomena thereof this fortnight, Now you know I nm a friendly little body, so do be tractable and tell the rest Have you said anything to her about it V fo her to whom?' said Edward, starting. 'Why. Isabella, to be sure it'sshe isn't it?' 'No, Miss Catherine, it's you !' and the scholar, who like most bashful persous would be amazingly expicit when he spoke it all. Poor little Kate ! it was her turn to look at the cotton balls and to exibit symptoms of scarlet fever but that's no concern of mine. Highly Important! Another Farewell Address!! Citizen Samme dary Resigns!!! The following intensely interesting document was ushered into daylight through the columns of Monday's Statesman. It will be read with pro found sensations from the Lake to the Ohio river. It will stir up the muddy and stagnant pools of patriotic fueling m many a noble heart. It will De printed on satin and hung up in the sanctum sanc torum of the faithful every where. Hear, O ye people of Ohio. Listen to this Bombastes Furioso this Don Quixote this Jack Falstaff this But do read ! TO THE PEOPLE OF OHIO! Havinff been aDDointedby the Convention of the people of Ohio, held in this city on the I Oth day of May 1848 as a member ot the "committee oi puo lie safety," in a crisis ot great danger to the pub lie Deace and the security of the state government, and the crisis having now passed by the repeal of the Hamilton county division, I hereby tender my resignation, into the bancs that gave it. In thus resigning a post, which I hope I held wLh satisfaction to the public and honor to myself, permit me to congratulate the peace, order loving and constitutional abiding citizens of Ohio, on their triuphant success in repelling from the public coun cils up to the hour of the repel, those, who would have received th: demand of a broken constitution and the wages of treason. Seldom in the historv of nations and politics was there ever so successful an overthrow of a fraudu lent law, holding in its own sections the vitality of the state, and that in a peaceable manner ano un der the forms and established usages of a state. It is a matter of deep congratulation of all friends of constitutional government that the severe and bitter agitation of now two years in time, has end ed so peaceably and yet so successfully. Few hoped for it thousands doubted it, but the end has proven the correctness of issue, and the far seeing judgment of those who set the ball of re sistance Amotion. There is a deep moral in the triumphant result that should sink deep into the hearts of all men who attempt to violate the writ ten law of the land for partisan ends. May it not be without its just influence in all future'time. My labors being at an end as a member of the "committee of public safety," I bid my worthy and extended colleagues a parting adieu, and remain the peoples very humble servant, ever ready to serve them on any equal emergency. & MEDARY. Columbus, Feb. 4, 1850. Now, we rather guess the worlr1 never saw a production quite, equal to that! We are so over come with feelings of sublime admiration at the manner, as well as the matter, that we can hardly find words to comment thereon to-dav. We shallJ ever thank the citizen that he has added such a gem to the political literature of the nineteenth century. We "do not know what his "extended" colleagues will do! We don't know what the state will da We don't know what the people will do, now that he has withdrawn from the "committee of safety !" Verily, if there was ever a most supremely ridicu lous affair, this is one. Read it, study its gram mar, its diction, its swagger. It is rich beyond all former specimens. Great man! ureat writer!! Bah!!! A Painful Picture. The Boston Daily Ad vertiser publishes the following extract from a let ter of an American at Berlin : But all things are tame beside our Min ister Hennegan. He is the most mannerless and utterly vulgar man I ever met. Though now re covering, lie has during a consiueraoie lime oeen almost dying ot delirium tremens, tiis presence here is the greatest possible disgrace to our coum try I cannot here tell you about him ; the stories which are current, and unhappily authenticated, surpass all belief. His manner and conv irsation are unendurable; his debauchery with women so gross and continuous that the servants in the hotel are scandalized. In coming across the frontier, he swore and quarreled with the poliece who demand ed his-passport, attracted a great crowd, and after long abuse, flung the pass at last in the officer's face. He was so insane m his hotel with delirium tremens, that he thought himself pursued by fiends from hell, and persecuted by women whom he saw in the stove and every : where about the room The figures in the pictures on the walls, be insist ed moved about and mocked him. He opened his windows and called in a crowd of persons to assist him in driving out imaginary women ; and was one day taken up for dead, so far had his disease pro gressed. o Quick Digestion Healthy Food. Of all the the articles of food, boiled rice is digested in the shortest tine an hour. As it also contains eight-tengths nutricioxia matter; it is a valuble sub stance for diet. Tripe and pigs' feet almost as rap idly. Apples, if sweet and ripe, are neit m order. Venison is digested almost as soon as apples; Roasted potatoes are digested in half the time re quired by the same vegetable boiled, which occu py three hours and a half more than beef or mut ton. Bread occupies three hours and a quarter. Stewed oysters and boiled eggs are digested in three hours and a half an hour more than is re quired by the same article raw. Turkey and goose are converted m two hours and a half, and a half sooner than chicken. Roasted veal, pork ,nnd salted beef, occupy five hours and a half the lon gest of all articles of food. Scien. American. The best rules for preserving health and strength are go do bed early rise early take as much exercise as you can in- the open air, without fatigue eat and drink moderately of plain nourishing food and especially keep the mind diverted by read ing the Freeman. When a daughter remarks: "Mother I would not hire help for I can assist you to do all the work in the kitchen," set it down that she will make a good wife. THE FREEMAN: FREMONT, OHIO. J. S. FOIKE, Editor. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 161850. Notice Extraordinary. The readers of the Freeman will, no doubt, be gratified to learn that it is the intention of the publisher to materially enlarge it, at tne close ot the present vol ume, so that it will compare favorably with any weekly paper published in the State. No pains or expense will be Bpared to make the Freeman one of the best papers in the country. Especially shall it be our aim to adapt it to the wants of the citizens of Sandusky and adjoining counties, so that they may not be under the necessity ol demoralizing themselves with the filthy publications of the Eastern cities at osr. hollar a tear. While our readers may be gratified with the promises made above, there is an.i'her feature after mature delib eration, we have deten,. i led to adopt, which we hope will also meet their fu.ptolmtion, to wit: ALL SUB SCRIPTION MONEYS MUST INVARIABLY BE PAID IN ADVANCE. The losses and inconvenien ces attending the publication of newspapers on credit are so great, that the 1 1 . is already abandoned to a consid erable, and ought to be completely so by the newspaper press. Jt is a little qiaftr for each subscriber to pay in advance for his newspaper; but a publisher who trusts in small sums over several counties, is at great expense in collecting mem, ami m many instances lie tans entirely to obtaiu any remuneration for his paper. Accordingly no man will be considered a subscriber to the Freeman, after his present subscription exp;reg who has not paid the subscription in aduance. To enable every man in this and he adjoining counties to subscribe for the paper, we efT. r ii at the following terms: To single mail subscribers, one year, at $1 50 To eclvbs often and udwards, to one address I 37 To clubs of fifteen " 25 . Town subscribers will be charged $1 75. The differ ence in the terms between the price on papers delivered in town and thosa sent by mail, is occasioned by the ex pense of carrying. We trust the Whigs of Sandusky and neighboring counties, will lend their aid and influence in procuring subscribers for the Freeman. It will continue as hereto fore, to advocate the principles of the Whig party, and lend its influence to advance the interests of our common country. In thus appealing to the Whigs, we do not wieh our Democrat'" friends to suppose that we would object to receiving the dollar and a half from them. On the contraiy we will be glad to send them our paper, and it shail be our constant aim to benefit them, and if possible, convince them of the "error of their ways." Whig State Convertion. The Whig State Central Committee have issued the following call: TO THE WHIGS OF OHIO. In accordance with the nlmost unanimous sentiment and advice of prominent Whigs from different sertions'of Ohm. the Whig State Central Committee have fixed up on Monday, the 6'h day of May next, as the most conve nient time, and Columns tlie pine" for holding a Con vention of DeVpates of the Whigs of Ohio, for the pur pose of nominating a candidate for the office of Governor, and transacting such other business as may come before the Convention. J. RtnGWAT I.. Hicvt., I. Eugmsh, J. B. TBowpeow, J. Griram, W.DEsmsott, Jr. Columbus, February I, 1850. Times of holding the Courts of Common Pleas in the 13th Judicial Circuit of Ohio for 1 850 : Erie, February 18; May 20; Oct 7. Huron, March 11; June 3; Sept. 16. Sandusky, March 25 ; June 1 7 ; Oct. Wood, April 1 ; October 28. Lucas, April. 5; June 24; Nov. L Ottawa, May 7; Sept 10. 21. Whenever the Democrat will propound to us questions which Gen. Taylor and Henry Clay advocate, we shall take great pleasure in answer ing them. But as long as he asserts as facts, in his interrogations, things which are absolutely at variance with the acts and professions of these men, we must respectfully decline any notice of them whatever. As a sample, we will state one of the questions put to us: Do we support the resolution of Mr. Clay "to sanction and permit the cursed slave pens and the slave traffic in the District of Columbia." All know that Mr. Clay's resolution was right to the contrary of this that Mr. Clay advocates the suppression of this traffic, and the discontinuence of those pens. Fowler & Wells' Publications. These enterprising publishers are sending forth a variety of publications, got up in the very neatest style. In neatness of execution but few book pub lishers equal them, none excel. We have receiv ed from these liberal as well as enterprising pub lishers the following publications :. American Phrenological Journal. Monthly. $1 a year in advance. The Water-Cure Journal and Herald or Re - forms. Monthly. $1 a year in advance. Chronic Diseases, especially Nervous Diseases ot Women, liy D. Kosch. translated from the German by ChasDumming. pp.61.. Price 25c. Psychology, or the Science of the Soul consider ed Physiologically and Philosophically. With an Appendix, containing Notes of Mesmeric and .Psychical experience, isy Joseph Haddock, M. D. With engravings ot the .Nervous System, pp. 109. Price 25c. The Physiology of Digestion, considered with relation to the principles of dietics. By Andrew Combe, M. D., Fellow of the Royal College of .Physicians ot lidinburgh Author ot the Prin ciples of Physiology, etc., etc. Tenth edition. Illustrated with engravings, pp. 375. Price 25c. Sherwood's Manuel for Magnetizing, with the Vibrating Magnetic Machine, and for the Mag netic or Duodynamic treatment of diseases, with a brief synopsis of Animal Magnetism, llomce pathy and Allopathy, with Anatomical and oth er illustrations. Revised by H. II. Sherwood's - successors, pp. o o. rnce sue. The Science or Swimming. , By an experienced Swimmer, pp. 87. rnce 12c. AH the foregoing works can be forwarded by mail, Address, Fowler & Wells, Publishers, 129 and 131 Nassau street, New York. 3TThe Democrat says that we were in error in stating that he voted against the non-intervention resolution, as it finally passed the late Locofoco Convention at Columbus. Presuming that friend Orton is correct, we cheerfully place the matter right before our readers. We made the statement from memory, having read the proceedings in a borrowed paper. He not only voted, then, for the anti-slavery resolutions that were so summarily dis posed of, but also for the pro-slavery resolution which passed thus proving to his political friends that he is bound to keep on both sides. o S?Our thanks are due Hon. A. E. Wood, for valuable public documents sent us. f3T We had not thought that our article com menting upon Mr. Wood's vote for Speaker of the House of Representatives, would so have irritated the sensitive feelings of the champion of Old Hun- kerism, Free Soilism, Biologyism, to say nothing of half a dozen other isms, which are now being trum peted through the land, as to cause him to resort to so scurvy and billingsgate a style of defence. Our friend is generally careful not to let the excitement of the moment, or his feelings, overcome his better judgment, but in the present instance, we are sor ry to say, his "good angel" has entirely forsaken him, and he has fallen into that strain of roisrepre sentation and abuse but too prevalent among the Locofoco press. The editor of the Democrat is pleased to say "That paper, (the Freeman,) though formerly pro fessing opposition to Slavery, is obliged to turn short corner in the face of all its former acts, and sustain a pro-slavery administration." This paper was established here nearly a year ago, and has supported Gen. Taylor's administration since that time, in every measure it has proposed for the con sideration of Congress. The editor of this pape also supported Gen. Taylor for the Presidency, as a choice between him and that 'arrant doughface, Mr. Cass, prefering to see, a man occupying; th Presidential chair who recognizes the right of Con gress to legislate upon the subject of slavery in the territories, rather than a man who says such legis lation by Congress is unconstitutional the doc trine of Mr. Cass. Wherein we "have turned a short corner," we cannot possibly see. If our friend will select and publish any articles written by us, without garbling or misconstruing them, showing that we have been inconsistent on the subject of slavery, we will cheerfully publish them that all may see what a truth-telling Old Hunker he We have always argued and maintained that the territories acquired from Mexico should forevei re main iree, ana rather than ndvocate a measure that would admit of a traffic, so unnatural, so inhu- human, god-abhored and unrepublican, as that in human flesh and blood in those territories, we would suffer our right hand to be severed from its place. Our friend further says: "and even the publica tion of malicious lies of a personal nature against him, (Mr. Wood,) are without hesitation resorted to by our neighbor of the Freeman." To such kind of arguments we have no disposition to reply. But such remarks are very naughty in our friend; and never should be dealt in save when more sol id arguments cannot beobtained as probably was the fact in this case. We will state, however, that he is at liberty to apply any epithets to us he wish es. They won't hurt us. His objects are well un der stood by this community, and many of his par ty have become heartily ashamed of their self- constituted leader. This special pleading of the Democrat to create an impression that we have taken special pains to misrepresent and abuse Mr. Wood, both in his political and private transactions, is as small a trick perhaps, as we ever knew it to be engaged in Mr. Wood, (and we have once before said the same thing,) as a man, is respected by all who know him; and has many warm personal friends in both po litical parlies where he Is known. As a neighbor he is kind and obliging; and withal, a gentleman and hence our belief that he will hold in utter con tempt the man, who retorts with epithets the most abusive upon an opponent, for an honest difference of opinion in political matters. We do not approve of Mr. Wood's vote on the election of Speaker. We said, and we still think, if he was opposed to the election of a slave holdor to the office of Speaker from principle, he should have cast his vote not only . against Mr. Cobb, but for Mr. Winthrop, who is denounced by the South as a "Northern Abolitionist" As the Democrat's great leader and adviser Father Ritchie would say, nous verrons. Tlie Medina Democrat. The following extract is taken from the last num ber of the Medina Democrat. In speaking of the nomination of Judge Wood, and the action of the state convention upon the resolutions introduced by Mr. Warner, the editor says : "For ourselves, and for the Democrats of Medina county, we repudiate this action of the Convention. It is a platform we cannot stand on without violating both principle and honor. 1 he democracy of this county have taken a stand on this question in favor of i reedom, and we mistake them ll they will swerve trom it Judge Wood besides is a mum candidate. Before the convention met, a series of questions as to his opinion in regard to prohibition of slavery extension, and its abolition in the Dis trict of Columbia, were addressed to him by by our delegation, and he did not see fit to reply thereto. If it is democratic to support candidates for office who refuse to make public their opinions upon questions of transcendent importance, then we have not rightly understood either the creed or practice of the party." Biology, Again. Professors Wilson and Dunton have closed successful and highly interesting series of lectures and experiments in this new and marvellous sci ence. They are no quacks, but men of science, who apparently,' thoroughly understand what they are doing. Democrat Mn.' Fouke : The following dialogue was heard a few days since in explanation of the Science of Biology. If you think it worth a place in your pa per, you are at liberty to publish it for the benefit of mankind : A. "I sav, nigga, what's dis de white folks calls nol Iigy." "O Cutr, cant you neber know nothing; Its feel- in de bumps to see wheder dat was a sheep or a hog you took toder night "Oh hush! you don t take de meaning; its mag netic Boligy I wish to municate." "Dats Byohgy ; now I explain : De snake charm de bird till he kotch him, an de man charm de pockit till he fotch out de shilling; den he say "all right" Dis is de "scientific" way ob raising de wind when de sun shines. JNutt ced, yah! yah!" X3T F. M. Bell, Sergeant-at-Arms, and H. Chase, Ohio House Representatives, will please accept our thanks for public documents received. St. Valentine's Day, February 14th, 1850. The following are said to be several of the Valentines received by the young ladies of this place on St Valentine's Day. How we got hold of them won't do for us to say ; but in these days of Mesmerism and Biology, there are many things take place, entirely inexplicable to the uninitiated : valentine 1st. Sweet sre the hours we have passed away, ' In friendship's closest pleasures: Where beauty has traced upon your brow Intellect large, which I must allow ' ' - Has attracted my eye when beholding you, In connection of those I have bid adieu; In relation to this then, I must confess That to you 1 owe one lonely kiss. VALENTINE 2d. ' Upon your fair brow are lineaments shown, That tells a tale tha's hard to be borne, Cheeks that red as roses shine; When to play coquet you are inclined. Some you give the mitten and others the sack. When they fly to the left then to the right track. VALENTINE 3D. Dear Em to me yon are a rose-bud true, As fresh and fair as the morning dew: Love awakens sweet, glorious streams, As 1 thiuk of you in my nightly dreams. VALENTINE 4tH. Around thofre laughiug eyes are made Thoughtsof wealth, truth and pleasure, And many a lad must bow the head In order to obtain such a goodly treasure; Then unto thee 1 fain would ask Have you enjoyed yourself since Thursday last? I hope it has been to your heart's content. As good as you did when to Bell's you went. With sleigh load full and horses four. You had good company, some fifteen or more. VALENTINE 5TH. Let love, truth, and friendship in your heart combine, As we strew your paih with laurels entwined; Vested with beautv vour name is endeared To friends, whose fidelity always comes near. In sickness or death, yonr.hands are ready, . To administer help to friends that are needy. VALENTINE 6TH. Would I were any thing that thou dost love, A flower, a shell, a wavelet, or a cloud. Aught thnt might win a mornenl's soul-look from thee, To be a joy forever in thy hear!; That were in truth divinest joy to mine, A low, sweet, haunting tune that will not let Thy memory go, but fondly twines aronnd it Pleading and beautifying, for unto thee Mosic is life, such life as I would be. A statue wrought in marble without stain. Where one immortal truth embodied lives Instinct with grace and loveliness, a fane, A fair Ionic temple growing up Light as a lily into the blue air. To the glad melody of a tuneful thought, In its Creator's spirit, where thy gaze Might never weary, dedecated to thee. Thy image shrined within it, lone and loved. Fremont, Feb. 14, 1850. Philom. Henry Clay. Whatever difference of opinion there may be about the propriety of adopting the compromise resolutions of Mr. Clay, it will be admitted on all sides that he bore himself gallantly in the fight at the time of their introduction. Mr. Mason of Vir ginia, and Mr. Davis of Mississippi, attacked him for his admission that slavery does not exist in the territory we have acquired from Mexico. His re marks in defence have a boldness and decision that entitle them to the admiration of every good citi zen. However much we may differ with him about the propriety of prohibiting slavery in the Territories, we cannot but admire the manner in which he meets the slavery propagandists. We quote a few remarks of Mr. Clay from the Intelli gencer, upon this subject : " I am extremely sorry to hear the senator from Mississippi say that he requires, first, the extension of the Missouri compromise line to the Pacific, and also that he is nt satisfied with that, but requires, if T undorstanrl him correctly, a positive provision for the admission of slavery south of that line. Ann now, sir, coming from a slave state, as I do, I owp it to myself, I owe it to truth, I owe it to the subject, to say that no earthly power could induce me to vote for a specific measure for the introduc tion of slavery where it had not before existed, ei ther south or north of that line. Coming as I do from a slave state, it is mv solemn, deliberate, and well matured determination, that no power, no earthly power, shall pnmpel me to vote for the pos itive introduction of slavery, either south or north of that line. - Sir, while vou reproach, and iustlv ton, our British ancestors, fnr the introduction of this institution upon the continent of America, I am for one, unwilling that the posterity of the present inhabitants of California and New Mexico shall re proach us for doing just what we reproach Great Britain for doing to us. If the citizens of those territories choose to establish slavery, and if thev come here with constitutions establishing slavery, I am for admitting them with such provisions in their constitutions ; but then it will be their own work, and not ours, and their posterity will have to re proach them and not us. for forming constitutions allowing the institution of slavery to exist among them. These are my views, sir, and I choose to express them ; and I care not how extensively or universally they are known. The honorable sena tor from Virginia has expressed his opinion that slavery exists in these territories, and I have no doubt that opinion is sincerely and honestly enter tained by him ; and I would say, with equal sincer ity and honesty, that I "believe that slavery nowhere exists within any portion of the territory acqvired by ti-s from Mexico. He holds a directly contrary opinion to mine, as he has a perfect right to do and we will not quarrel about that difference of opinion." The Odd Fellow. The Washington Globe thus bears testimony to the great increase and no ble mission of Odd Fellowship: We believe that in the whole history of the world. there is no instance of any society of men unaided by power, wealth, or political influance, who have from an humble beginning risen so rapidly to be both numerous, and opulent, as the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. This fact is itself an elo gium on the order on its objects, its conduct, and its administration. The great aim of it is to do good, and the only aim we believe. To comfort the sorrow-stricken, to heal the sick, to feed the hungry, and clothe the naked, and to relieve the necessitous, are cardinal purposes for which Odd Fellowship was instituted. So far it has nobly ful filled the mission, and its success has far exceeded everything that could have been anticipated. Ev erywhere the Odd Fellows are erecting noble buildings, called halls, and they are not built for show altogether, but for use, and they are made useful always we believe. o Disunion in Tennessee. A writer in the Nash- ille True Whig, of the 1st instant, asserts that there is not in Tennesseee one man in a thousand who favors disunion in any shape, or under any circumstances. Further Foreign News. " 1 :' - ARRIVAL OF THE NIAGARA IREIi A3VO-SOCIA t. DUMOCBACY. From the Dublin Irishman. - . , , Ireland runs rapidly toword her destiny. It is before her, and man or devil, force or fraud, shall ia vain attempt to stop her career. She has suffered long, but the greatest misfortunes are not without advantage. We have lived to the age of reason, when revolt, insurrection, or revolution may b guided by the hand of wisdom when reflection has pushed instinct from its throne and instead of the reckless spring of the mountain tiger, w have learned to bide our time, and choose both day and ground. - Is this nothing ? History is the text book of the present, the- apocalypse of the future. In the mad revolutions the stubble that burned for a night, and then was scattered as ashes to the winds of heaven we see what we have to avoid. - In oth ers, methodical arranged, concerted, and bearing the impress of produce, we see examples worthy of imitation. t . -, . Ireland, we have said, marches strongly and in evitably to the goal of political independence. But, as Frenchmen have found, she must have more than lhat, or independence itself will be but a tinselled plaything, a dyed garment stretched over the back of misery. We must became socially democratic, as well as politically so. To speak plainly for no good can come of disguise no great benefit can be derived from struggling for half a victory ; Ireland must be thoroughly and radically revolutionized in all her social relations. ' ; " The tyranny of capital must be plucked down. The grinding influence of great master employers must be eradicated, and by salutary provisions its future growth must be prevented. : ' : It is idle to talk of confining our views to the ad justment of the land question, the first establish ment ot the occupier, and the debasement or the annihilation of the agrarian aristocracy. . All these are necessities, solid in themselves, and essential to our indepencence. . But we must go much further. The landlord aristocrocy is nearly rotted off the stem; but be hind it, partially unobserved, a new aristocracy has sprung up, infinitely more formidable, because ap parently more consonant with reason and sound principle. - . The aristocracy of money, the men of keen, cold calculating soul, who gloat over ingots and blank accounts, and fatten on the blood of famished and overtasked nature these men commit their sys tematic crimes on humanity to an extent and with a sanctimonious eclat to which the brutal and bare faced exterminator can never aspire The one is the prowling wolt that weeds the uocks by secret depredations, the other the hungry lion that springs on the keepers themselves. Look at the manufacturing towns of England -to take a broad example and see how popular and general misery, degradation and immorality have kept pace with the growth of individual wealth. Find the man of largest capital examine its effect on the artisans and employers whose labor it pur chases; you have only discovered an overgrown cess-pool, sending forth its physical and moral mi asma to a circle which lesser wealth can ' neither reach nor aspire to. Yet the conventional perversion of society, and the crooked maxims of a heartless political econo my, elevate such a man' into a demigod, a philan thropist, a patriot 'See what employment he give," is the exclamation ; 'two thousand souls kept ia bread through his munificent enterprise!' : Two thousand souls sunk in misery and debasement, say we, through his narrow avarice.- " Two thousand souls, and look at them the h 1 i tl, i..,t i.t, ,i, r..i..: ii'it j, luc vmppcu vueen, nil Kkiici man hood sunk in premature old age, youth steeped in precocious depravity and di that money may be trebled for the bloated millionairo. The case is less apparent in Ireland but not less black or ruinous. The righls of labor, are even less regarded than in the English factory, or miiie, or farm. Our petty tyrants oppress on a grander scale. They make up for the fewness of the ob jects by the intensity of the infliction. Ihis must be correct, or nationality and. inde pendence will be but the dream of the drunkard. What will be the advantage of escaping from the wholesale tyrant, if we leave ourselves in the hands of a host of paltry oppressors. We must tumble from its base the complicated structure of social tyranny ; and as 'the laborer is worthy of his hire,' see that he procure it We must discard the blood-stained maxims of political economy, which say, 'let competition rule the labor market' and enthrone in their stead, rules dicta ted. by the principles of humanity and the laws of natural equity. We must study the rights of man more and the rights of property less. It is well to study and become familiar with our necessities. It is profitable to know the length and breadth of our wants to mark out the goal we aim at in all its forms and features. We have seen how in other countries necessity produced blind impulse often ending in popular defeat, and oftener in popular mistake. We aspire to see our Irish democracy made up of a race of reasoning, thinking, forsueing men men who will anticipate, and consequently be pre pared for, every phase of events and every emer gency of fortune. The principles we have suggested will be brand ed as the communist and anti-social; they will bo held forth by theoretic sstatesmen and hireling writers as the newisease the baneful leprosy of the nineteenth century. But we ask, can society exist in the condition which a benignant Providence designed without such provisions ? Can it be the law of a benevolent Creator that the prosperity of a nation and the wealth of individuals, should only be raked together by the suffering and misery of the multitude ? ' Is this an inevitable rule of nature, or a subtile rule of perversion of selfish and powerful men ? TKie ia a miAclinn tTiA flnfitrpr tn wblfb tl rlpmft- crats of Ireland must write on the tablets of the future with the honest strength of their rough hard ' hands, and the manly vigor of reflective minds. They must solve it for themselves, perhaps for the world. We have hung long in the reerguard of civilization, and been a disgrace to the name of liberty. We have been the helots of a serfdom to which the tyranny of Sparta was a stranger; and, worse than all, we have submitted without a sin gle struggle that could be honored with the name of national, or a single effort that could be hallowed by the smile of prudence. Is the task difficult? the prize is great . To create a nation to dash down a tyranny to write a new name among the kingdoms of the world to raise the flag that has rotted in degradation for five hundred years to blot out the name of prov ince, and, greater still, to wipe away the curse of provincialism, to establish political equality and make our social institutions keep company with it to redeem the sempstress and the artisan to put the song of joy and plenty into the heart of the laborer to raise the hallelujah of affluent pros perity from end to end of our land to unlock the resources of a pregnant soil, and bid our mineial