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rm - -1' O .r- tr NUMBER 13. - VOLUME II. FREMONT, SANDUSKY COUNTY, JUNE 1, i860. FREMONT ; FREEMAN: t J.S. FOCKE, Editor and Publisher, r The Fkkm, fa published e very "Saturday morn ing Office lo Bucklaitd'a Brick Building third alory; Fremont, Sandusky eonnty.OhiOi 'J'::. s ; . -T "MS, w;v.., ; Siairta mail subscribers, per year. : ,. ftl 50 Club of ten and upwards, to one address .1 37 Chibaaf fifteen " " , 124 Town eubecrihere will be charged Ml 75. The dif- tSerenc in the tarma between the pnee o paper .deliw-red town and those sent By mail, la occa sioned by the expense of carrying. : , , t, "When the money ia not paid in advance, aa above DecifieoVTwo Dollars will be charged if paid wilb- Ifftae year, if- not paid until after the expiration of the year. Two Dollars and fifty centa will becnarg d. Th-se. term will be strictly adhered to, Haw to Stop Pah riret aee that yon have paid for it up to the time you wiah it to atop; notify the Post Master of vour di-sire, and ask him to no tify the publisher, Bnderhia frank, (at he ia author ised t do J of jour wiahito dfcwtitrue.i y -risT RATES ADVERTISING,: - f f On soJare -1 3 liaeefirat -insertion... ....$0 50 .Do .jt each, addition! insertion.. .! 25 Do " Three months.,. ; . ." 9 "0 "DoW Six months... ....I.. . . .'. .3 50 Do : ";OnB.yaar.;... ....... 500 Twa squares Six ,tnoutha..i .i... .....' 6 00 Po. v On vear... ........ .... .... 10 00 Halfcolama Ona year.... .... .... ... ....1 00 One column One year.. . j. .... ......... 0 00 Bnsintaa Dirtc tors.: f 1 F R E M 0 H T F R E E 31 A H ' O B P K I if T I G OFF! CE i We are now prepared to eaecute to order, ja a S4at and expadittoos martuer, and upon the fairest lerma; almost all deacripliona of . '7GB PRINTING;: .. J SUCH ' A S BVSIKESS CaBBS, BtLt IIkads, CinccLAM, t r . CATii.ooct a, 8now Bills. jBSTICEat Bl.AWLS, -LAWTEaa' BLAHS, tilLL? UF LADIROt, ClBTiriCATiiS, - Drafts, . -. . , Dills. ' ?.'' Bask Chicks, i I, aw Cas,-i !'- XUAKirMTS, f.t Bam. Ticekts, tc, rrc W. .nl1 ar to thoaa of our frianda who are in want of auch work, yon , need hot go abroad to (fet iV done, when it can oe- done joat aa od at home. f l-gOBfS OP TEMPER A3SCE. , , Fob Enrnmi Division No. 432. Stated tniugs, every Tuesday evening at iha Diviaion Room4a the old Northern Exchange". .' ; ' -CAiDiETSOFtEaPEBAJfCE." 'To STriKasoa; Sectiok, No. I09,: meet avo wry Thursday evening in too Hall of Jho Sons of Taperaac. ;;- -f ; -. - ."I.- O. O. V.,:, V- CanoHta Lobok Xo. Yl, meets at thOdd.Fel liwa' IJall. in Morahonae'a Buildiag.verj Satur ay evening. ?. ..j-, f g,- , : .... ROBERTS, HUBBARD A CO., ; ; . j . MAKUFACTCRKRS OP J ' T-' -" Copper Tin, and Sheet-Iron Ware, StTf i. W'iol, Hides, Sbf ep-peits, Rags, ALSO, ALt jBOBia OF GBSUINE-XAKKIK SOTIOK8 e Pcasc) Brlefc Blocky Zii. Tt FREMONT, OHIOi V 2 ; STEPHEN BCCRLAJfB & COM ,Tr,...,...V j ri . .;BKALE113 XW f .: S.:V;-a, ' ST Drigs, Medicines. Paints, Dye-Stnffs,: Book, Statlonaay, Act ' ' RREM0NTr OHIOv ISA LI'II , P, B UCKli AIiDt ' Attorney and Counsellor at liawv ioaal hositiMsid Sandusky and adjoining counties. " tteoSecob4Uiyof Tylei'a Block.' "- ' """FREJlbNTOHIO? 'r' .i''K" ' . . JOHS li. GKEENE, i 4,;: -jitAXTJOR E Y.iA T ..L-A W ,, v. Ana Proaeciiriiif Attorney, for Sandtuky county, wiU attend to all profeestoaal buaioaaa eutrueted to bis care, with promptness and fidelity. .- . .- J j. Office At the Court House,- . . ,,v irr - r r rREMONT, OHlO ; ' ytetw CHESTEIt EDCEBTO.l v Attorneyand Connscllor at Iaw, And Solicitor in -Chancery will earefully attend a all profeasioaa! buainesa left in Ilia charge.--. JU will also attend to the collection of claims Jfcc, iu thia and adjoining eountiea. ,' 1 " . '( . Office Over Sardia Birehard'a office, " - ' f FRE M OMT, OHtO:, X'l Xi,-' B J. BABTIiETT, xu,aK ii iAttorney and Counsellor at Law, - Wiltgive hia undivided attentioa to profeaaionnl usineaain Sandusky and the adjoining couatiee 15Xffiea--Orei' Oppenheimer'a Store. 5S m ; ; f - FREMONT.'QSIO', -4: p V S ! C I AN' AND SURGEON : Offitje-rNerth aide of the Tornpikenearly oppo mte the Pool Office: :. f i vv ? FREMONT, OHrOr ' ?;::l t -sh; i PIEKBE BEAlGBASDi PHYSIC I A N-.-A NDiSUKOEO Nv .tRespvctfally tenders hi profeaaroOal services to the oilixena of fremont and vicinity . - -; j.:a-.Offico--"Ono:dooe north of E. N. . Cook's Store. Jai?PORT AGE ' COONTY iJ : jJIntBal Jirc Insurance Company. ; -TKf B..P. BUCKIiAHTBa Aent: -; ; JW FREMONT, OHIO. ? L' . tost.3ffice: HOCKS k J na regular rosi-uuica pours, uuui luruiar uu " tice will be aa follows: " ,. .' . From 7 to 12 A.M. and from I to & P. M. Sundays from 8 to 9 A M, and from 4 to 5 P M. mj- r-A 'W. M. STARK, P. M. filrVi i.-r' ".-rTr.-'.,.t . r r-, , ,r.... . M ' X ? Farms to Iet! r- ' SEVERAL FA RMS, near Fremont, and conve nient to the Turnpike. C TO RENT- J3J Soma of these have' Eighty to Ninety acres clear- ad thereon, with comfortable Houses, Barns dkc. e-Wtf Eoqaira of' i: SAML. CROWELL,' Oeneral Land Agent. V . JttBskalunge, March 2, 1850 51 4 , . -, : "ivi -AND GENERAL ; : I n FREMONTT SANDUSKY COUNTY,' O. WMYKESSLERi Proprietor. 't) MR". KES8LER, annoanoes to the Traveling " Public that he baa returned to the above well n stand and ia now prepared to accommodate In the best manner, all who may favor him with their patronage. ! " . - 5 -' -iNoeflbrta will be spared to prdmote tha comfort and eonvenienco-of Caests. f- 4ai is"-"-' O Good Stauii and careful OitUM iit. aV tendance. " . . . Fremont, November 24, 184936 - - ' r '"ARRASTT,, Mortgage, j and , Quit Claim Peed for sale at the :. - -.4 J) 0 1 trg ... From the Boston Post. THE MIJiEB'S DREAM. The day was doue he swallowed a crust The last he had in hia locker He pieced hia head on a bag of dust, " And his hands on the pick and rocker.- And there, hy the Tuba's lonely stream, Hia tent by the lonely aky, - - He dreamed the moat aurifeious drsam -. Alasl that 'twaa all in bis eye. . . He saw the noble palace of gold, ... Which the ancient Spaniarda sought, The dome of gold was lofty and bold, And the pillars with gold inwrought. 1 .: Oa a glittering throne the Inca sat, (Of solid gold 'twas builded) "His mutton was served on a golden plats, ' And hia gingerbread was gilded." And the goards wore golden plumes to tell And their helmets shone like suns And they fired at a mark with golden balls, , : Which were caat for their golden guns. , The golden rod waved in every hieexe. And the gold-thread grew iu the brakes Goldfinches twittered in all the treea, And gold-fish swam in the lakes. I give the all," the Inca cried, . My guard, my palace, my throne : : ' And the river's bed end this mountain's side, '. . Their treasures are thine alone. " . Now ever his dream a change hath come: -" "The fielda are rocky and hare: y , He dreama of hia old New England home," : '. ' And the memories clustered there. , He walks by the run at Seamonr's pond, Where he hauled the pickerel in. Ah! the grapes of which he waa so fond, In the former age of rn. . - -' Hurrah! Point Rocks! The ocean's shore, v . And the marching tides deploy, : With the same wild roan and the same wild roar That thrilled him when a boy. .. . . Now the school-house red, with its copper roof. And its dust, and noise, and fun, . . And the female's whisk and sharp reproof, ' And the shout when school was done. ' - . . .. y j . . . - And be dreams of the Sabbath day, 'And the Sabbath bell doth toll, - " . And serious faces throng the way, ! ' . And serious thoughts the soul. i- . . - .; , -.: And when in dreama be uaaaed to roam, ' ' - And waked bv the Yuba river, . : . He thought of his wife and his child and bis home, And of tod, the perfect tiiver. " . . . 'r - Why change the treasures of the heart t . v For glittering lumps like these? , ' , So across she Isthmus he took a start,' " ' And cam home by wsy af Chsgresj f "' i. . ; - -. - - , Triskioist.. . . P. S Ha brought the lumps with him. . . . . 11 isctUantons , ; . The Brave Boy. . . . ". I tras sitting by the window in the second story of one of the large boarding houses at Saratoga Sprints thinking of absent friends when I heard sbouts of children from the pi azza beneath me. '-. ', , i- -i-: .': - "0 yes ; that's capital ! so we will ! Come on now 1 there's William Hale. Come on, William we're going to have a ride on the , Circular Railway. . Come with ns ?" ' . : ; . . r " Yes, if my mother is willing, j I will run and ask her,' replied William. .,- : - I'C, O S so must run- and askv your ma. Great baby, run along to your ma ! Aintyou ashamed?, I did'nt ask my mother.", Nor L" ''Nor I," added half a dozen voices. vs i"Be a man, William, cried the : first voice, come along with as, if you don't want to be called, a coward as long -as you Jive, t Don't you see we are all waiting? : -yr w 1 1 leaned forward to catch a view of the chil dren, and saw : William standing with one foot advanced,- and his hand firmly, clenched in the midst of the group. He was a fine sub ject for a paintor at that moment- His flush ed eye, compressed lip andr-changmng cheek all told how the word coward was ranking in his breast 'Will he prove himself indeed one, by yielding to them?" tho't I. ' It was with breathless interest I listened for his answer, for I feared that the evil principle in his heart would be stronger than the good. But no. --''I will not go- without I ask mother 1" said the noble boy, his voice trembling with emotion; "and I am no coward either. I pro mised her I would not go- from the bouse without her permission, and I thoiddbe a base coward, if I were to tell hep a wicked lie.'." I saw him in the evening among the gather ed crowd in the parlorV-He was walking by his mother's side, a 'stately -matron, clad in widow s , "weeds. tier gentle 1 and - polished manners, and the rich full tones of her sweet voice betrayed a southern birth. -Ii was with evident pride, she looked on her graceful boy whose face was one of the finest. I. ever saw, fairly .radient with animation and intelligence. Well might she be proud of such ; a 6on,- one who could dare to do right, when , all cwere tempting to do wrong. I shall probably never see the brave, beautiful boy again, but my heart breathed a prayer that his spirit might not be sallied by worldiness and sin, never, in coming years, be-tempted by the multitude to evil. Then will he be indeed a boy to the widow's heart, a pride and a ornament to his native land Our country needs . such stout brave hearts, that can stand fast when the whirlwind of temptation : gathers thick and strong around them she- aeeds men, who from infancy upward, have scorned to be false and recreant to dutyf"'- ' ; -' 1 ? Would yon, little boy, be a brave man and a blessing to your country, be truthful nota. Never, never tell a lie, or deceive in any man ner, and then, If God spares your life, you will bo a stout hearted, a strong and fearless champion of the truth. -' :,a ... r - - i, v--.t . Youth s Companion. .Energy and Enterprise. There are at this time. no. less than eigh teen ocean steamships contracted for ana on the ways, or receiving their machinery at this port Setting down their . average value of each at C2 5,000, we nnd that there is here invested, or is in process of investment, an ag gregate capital of $4,900,000, equal to nearly five million of dollars . New Yoik's ocean steam marine will soon furrow every ocean. According to our figures, something like thirty five have already been built or contracted for. . ','j.r" , - . . Jour. Commerce. A wise and frugal government which shall restrain men from injuring one another, which shall leave them otherwise1: free ' to regulate their own pursuits of industry - and improve ment, and shall not take from the mouth of la bor the bread it has earned: This is the sum of good government, and this--necessary to close the circle of pur felicities. Jefferson.' : V 1 . i o "' -' v'-:.s Sea!ed proposals," as the chap eaid when he kissed his sweet heart English and American Statesmen. Richard Cobden and John Bright recently made speeches in Manchester, England, in fa vor of free trade and reform, in which they scouted the idea of , "hereditary Statesmen." "We will take another case to show that af ter all, these hereditary statesmen have no great reason to plume themselves. We will go to another country. In the year of 1775, England had very extensive colonies on the other side of the Atlantic. , Ten years after terwards these were colonies no longer, but they stood forth before the world ns an Inde pendent and a growing Republic. Now, 1 would like to know where America got her statesmen from. . It is quite clear that up to 1775 people in t this country I mean Lord North and the statesmen of that day never supposed for a moment that there were any statesmen in the colonies of America; but yet, somehow or other, they found . statesmen. There was a man named George Washington. (Loud cheers.) Now George Washington was a sort of a neighbor of ours, because his fami ly emigrated from Cheshire, in his own coun try he would not have been a. statesman that is very certain. (Hear, hear and laugh ter.) t And if you will go down through the whole list of American .Presidents, from beo. Washington, their first, to Zachary Taylor, their present President, I should . not like to ask whether, if you take the whole list 01 them, they do not equal in character, in sagacity, in patriotism, and in having acquired and deserv ed as enduring fame, as that of any prime min ister, we have had from Lord , North to Lord John Russell. (.Hear, hear,' and cheers.) Well, in this country, it is thought necessary to have very distinguished men- men of great and high birth adequately to represent the British nation . at foreign courts with about 10,000 a yearv (Cheers and laughter.) ;, The Americans had an ambassador once, named Franklin and lie is a man that will be thought of long, even after a great many English ambassadors have been Jorgotten. (Cheers.) ' Lately, iu this country, we had Mr. Bancroft, ambassador from the.United States a, man who has written one of the most, per haps the most admirable history of his own country a man qualified in every respect to represent the true worth and dignity of the Republic to which be belongs. Will, I want to know w hether, if yoa trace all the Ameri can ambassadors from Franklin to Bancroft, they are not fit to stand side' by side in the pagof history with the aristocratic ambassa dors which this country has sent out to for eign courts ? - (Cheers.) But now we will go to thr American senate. It is considered low on this side of the country to go into detail in this matter. ' It is not - considered quite dis creet, seeing that we live under our glorious Constitution. (Hear, hear.: :)Now the Amer ican Senate answers in some respects, but in a very slight degree indeed, to our House of Lords;' that is, it is called "the upper house;" it is a- representative assembly, and it consists of two members from every State in the Uni on. : It consists now, I believe, of .sixty mem bers. Bear in mind it is an elective Assembly. It dare oppose the will of the" House of Representatives; it exerts as as great an influ ence over public opinion in ' America as the House of - .Representatives; nhd' perhaps a greater influence, -There can be no doubt that the existence of that Senate has been -one of the main causes of the consolidation of the great American confederation, and of the very wise and just policy which; on" the whole, that confederation has ' observed look . at their House of Representatives Bills in that house are not passed by one-fourh of its members; they do not Corne down in their vhhe waist coats at half past 11 o'clock, and Vote they know not.how and care not how, so- that they follow the particular maa whom they suppose to be the leader of their party. ...There is-an infinitely better attendance in the American House of Representatives than there is in the House ot Commons in this country, and an in finitely better and more: real attention to the interests and. to the wants of the constituen cies. . - - . "... ; "Now, look ;.lhis republic has existed for 70 years people said it - would not exist 70 months. -: It has had in all that time, about 4 years of war. It has no national debt (Hear, hear.) X here is just bow . some, four or hve millions of existing deficiency, means of pay ing of which are about to be, provided- They do not incur a debt without taking 'steps to pay 11 on again, . out irora i to 1815, a period of no more than 25-' years,":', under your glorious . constitution, - with your . hereditary Houso of Lords, with the commons represent ing the lords and not the people ; (cheers) we have added to our national debt more than 580 millions pounds sterling;': (Sha.ne, shame.) In America they . have few taxes compared with w hat we have; they have not the inter est of that enormous debt to pay ; and have not an enormous standing army and a fleet to scour every sea, and to bully and insult on every coast (Cheers.) -.They have an army no greater than wo pay for in Canada at this moment; and therefore, they are free from the interest of that debt, and free from the vast amount of 17 or J8 millions, which we pay annually- for - our peace armament. And bear in mind, that although in America eight or ten millions per annum are not entrusted to a favored sect for the purpose of instructing the people in " morality and religion there is no evidence to show that the people of the United States of America are- not at least as moral and religious, and much better educated, than the people of this country are. (Cheers.) And they have less pauperism, and less crime than we have ; and they have less of that which is a standing disgrace to the con stitution of England they have less of insur rection. r, j .. ji . ..:-;: A "No class of men in.. America ever met to gether, to denounce the, government and the constitution and to say that they arc not fair ly treated by the House of Representatives or the Senate of the United States. They feel all of them feel that they are' as one before the law; that their government and the law are just, equal, and paternal to ihem. I speak, of course of the free states of America, where slavery does not prevail. " But" exclusively of slavery and slavery is an evil which America will overcome (cheers) exclusive of slavery, and speaking of the free states, I say that they afford a spectacle to the world of which histo ry has no parallel, and which it "would be a happy thing for the population of this country if we were only at some rapid and . sensible pace approaching to. (Cheers.) iv Mr. Bright proceeded. .His nllussion to California and its ' Constitution, shows how deep is the impression which this -new State has . already made on the- world; He' re marked! aji .j;i.x c.-.-' '.; -: "Now you have heard of California. (Cheers and Laughter.) The population of California has just dropped down there. They were not born there ; some of them may have been were possibly in this room last year; they have gone to California from almost every part of the globe, and they are not perhaps, the most satisfactory kind of population ; for the very fact of their going there shows that they were discontented somewhere else, and are of a restless and locomotive character. But these California people sit down to make a constitu tion. They have a convention; they agree Upon certain propositions: they go to a gener al election: ' there electing a governor and senate, and a house of repsesentatives ; they form themselves, in fact, into a state. The propositions of their constitution you have read, no doubt, to some extent, published as they have been in the English papers, i Well, I am bound to say that I believe the leading features of that constitution approach more to what I would call the true moralitu of government than is to be found in the glorious constitution of this country or any other coun try of Europe (cheere.) ; And when you look at the U. b. of America, do not forget this great fact, that that great confederation con sists of 30 distinct and independent States, and in every one of those states these principles of popular government have prevailed for a long series of years, and have been found to work with perfect success and to maintain the secu rity of person and property, and the tranquili ty of the community. Now, I have no inten tion whatever in bringing these facts before this meeting, to argue against a monarchy. I would not say that all the beneficial results which have been attained by the government of the United States might not be gained in this country by the maintainance of monarch ial institutions. : Cheers. .' But they never can be gained so long as that great branch of the Legislature which your constitution in ths ei y says belongs to you, does not beloug to you, but belongs to the hereditary branch of the Legislature, which in its own house is par amount and predominant, and which has no right whatever to exert an influence torough the Commons House of parliament Cheers. 1 .. A Mother' IiOve. . ( ' . The Indianopolis State Sentinel relates the following:- .,'..- We do.jjet know when we were more affec ted than on Saturday last, at seeing an aged widow, apparently about sixty years of age, who came in the stage from Logansport, and who had travelled some four ..hundred miles alone, bringing with her the petition of Judge Chambeilain, and the Associate Judges of the Porter Circuit Court, with a large number of the citizens of Du Page county, Illinois, (the county in which the old lady resided) to Gov. Wright for the pardon of her son, now in the State Prison, who was in the . spring of the year 1848, in the Porter Circuit Court senten ced to seven years imprisonment in the State Prison for larceny, having served already two years and more. ; : , , : ... ; s . The son in prison is the father of two chil dren, now dependent upon the mother and this grandmother for support, who are repre sented by the petitioners to be poor. . This old lady- has made two trips from Illinois alone to Indiana, and it seems from her story, corrobor ated by Judge Chamberlain, that, amidst all her troubles, she has never despaired ; that at the end of a year from bis imprisonment she endeavored to obtain the aid of the court, for his pardon v this failed. : At the end of the second year, true, to a mother's love, she again Started and has now travelled more than seven hundred miles for the pardon of her son. i We wished at the moment, that we had the power to hand the pardon to this aged and de jected female, and we would have felt some what indignant at the Governor (as much re spect as we have for him) if he had refused to pardon the son of this old lady.' But we must confess that when we saw the Governor take this old lady to his house, and keep her oyer the sabbath, on Monday morning accompany her to cars and hand the pardon to . her for her son, and see the glad tears start in the widow's eye, we were glad in our heart, that Wright was the Governor 01 Indiana; and though he may have erred in thus acting, (which we do not believe) it was an error on the right side. No father, brother, or sister could have shown the deep solicitude,' as did this mother for her son, and we now believe with all our heart, that the sweetest word in the English .vocabulary ia toother.. Canadian Parliament State of Parties. ;The Toronto Examiner gives the following classification of the members of the Parliament just convened: . Ministerialists, 84 ; Clear Grits, 22 ? Tories, 20 ; Annexationists, 7; majority against Min isters, when they don't behave themselves, 15. We have given to Ministers, Messrs. Chav eau, Duchesnay and Savifineau, though from their known and habitual independence, they might as'wefl have been placed among the Clear Grits. ' Besides them is .Scott, of Two Mountains, who has already upset two admin istrations, and it is therefore difficult to say what he may not da ' On the other hand, we have claimed Mr. Smith, of Durham, as a Clear Grit, though it must be confessed his views, on some of the questions that ' divide parlies, nre not fully known. We repeat, that our classifacation Will be found to be substan tially correct "" " - . ; The Wood-Chopper. . The Cincinnati Gazette says; The . Locqfoco papers have commenced sneering at the Whig candidate for Governor. The people have heretofore responded to the like contemptuous geers. Gen'l Harrison Was the object of Locofoco railings he lived in a "log cabin," and drank "hard cider;" and Gen'l Taylor was ridiculed for having slept forty years under A tent, and nick-named " Old Whitey." The " people appreciated these sneers, and they will the following: . "Booby Bill, as he is freely termed, is a mid dle aged man of over six feet in his stockings; and a good wood chopper, was spoiled when he was made a J udge." Thus speaks the Locofoco Zahesville Auro ra. . 80 Judge Johnston was once a wood chopper, and a good one too, Was he ? Well, we opine that these silk-stocking "democrats" will find, that he is still a good Woon-chopper. 3T Last week a Mrs. Crozer died in Hal ifax, Vt., at the advanced age of one hundred 1 . I and seven years. " ;: - - Mr. Winthrop on tie Constitution. We commend to every reader the following, which we believe will find a cordial response in thousands of patriotic hearts: ' ' "For myself, I acknowledge my allegiance to the whole constitution of the United States, and I am willing to unite in fulfilling and en forcing, in all reasonable and proper modes, every one of its provisions. I recognize, in deed, a power above all human law-makers, and a code above all earthly constitutions! And whenever I perceive a plain conflict of jurisdiction and authority between the con stitution of my country and the laws of my God, my course is clear. I shall resign my office, whatever it may be, and renounce all connection with public service of any sort Never, never, sir, will I put myself under the necessity of calling upon God to witness my promise to support a constitution, any part of which I consider to be inconsistent with His commands. ,; :.'. . : "But it is a libel upon the constitution of the United States and, what is worse, sir, it is a libel upon the great and good men who framed, adopted and ratified it; it is a libel upon Washington and Franklin, and Hamilton and Madison, upon John Adams and John Jay and Rufus King ; it is a libel upon them all, and upon the whole American people or 1789 who sustained them in their noble work, and upon all who, from that time to this, generation, after generation, in any ca pacity, national, municipal or state, have lifted their bands to Heaven, in attestation of their allegiance to the government of their country; it is a gross libel upon every one of them to assert or insinuate that there is any such inconsistency! Let us not do any such dishonor to the fathers of the Republic, the framers of the constitution. It is a favorite policy, I know of some of the ultraists in my own part of the country to stigmatize the con stitution of the United States as a pro-slavery compact. I deny it sir. I hold, on the other hand, that it is a pro-liberty compact the most effective pro-liberty compact the world has ever seen, Magna Charta nat excepted and one which every friend of liberty, human liberty, or polifical liberty, ought steadfastly to maintain and support, "to secure the bless ings to ourselves and our posterity.' This was the grand climax in that enumeration of its objects which constitutes its well-remembered preamble. This was the object for which it was avowedly, and for which it was really framed; and this is the object which it has, in fact, beyond all other instruments, advanced and promoted.". - . Just and forcible, too, are the following re marks, presenting a view of the matter un der controversy which deserves to be well con sidered: ! "Sir, the constitution is to be considered and judged of as a whole. The provisions which relate to the same subject-matter certainly are to be examined together, and compared with each other, in order to obtain a just in terpretation of its real character and intent Let this clause then be taken in connection with that which has authorized and effected the annihilation of the African slave trade, as a lawful trade from any part of this vast Amer ican Union. Let the few cases in which indi vidual fugitives may be remanded to their captivity in conformity with one of these pro visions, be compared with the counties instan ces in which whole ship loads of freemen would have been torn from their native sou and ported into slavery but for the other, and then tell me what is the just designation of the com pact which contains them both. Suppose, sir, for a moment, that the framers of the 'consti tution had resolved to ignore the existence of slavery altogether; suppose that the idea, which I have sometimes heard suggested as a desirable one, had been adopted by them at the outset, and that all the pre-existing rights of the states in regard to slavery, and all its incidents had been left unrestricted and unal tered, would that have better subserved the great cause of human liberty We should have had, indeed, no fugitive slave clause. But for every slave who made his escape we should have had a hundred slaves, freshly brought over from Africa, Brazil or the West Indies, as long as there was a foot of soil on which they could be profitably employed ; and every one of them must have been counted, not as three-fifths, but as a whole man, to swell the basis of that representation, by which the slave interest would have been rendered predominant forever ih our land. "Undoubtedly, Mr. Chairman, there are pro visions in the constitution which involve us in painful obligations, and from which some of us would rejoice lo be relieved, and this is one of. them. But there is nonej in my judgment, which involves any conscientious or religious difficulty. I know no reservation, equivocation or evasion in the oath which I have so often taken to support that constitution ; and, when ever any measure is propoaed to me for ful filling or enforcing any on 3 of its clear obliga tions or express stipulations, I shall give to It every degree of attention, consideration and support which the justice, the wisdom, the pro priety and the practicability of its peculiar provisions may demand or warrant. In leg islating, however, for the restoration of south ern slaves, I shall not forget the security of northern freemen. Nor, in testifying my alle giance to what has been termed the extradi tion clause of the constitution, shall I over look those great fundamental principles of free governments the habeas corpus and the trial by jury." Pheria, til., 15. Murder. On Monday, while Bishop Jan son Bishop of the Swedes colony, Bishop's Hill, was standing in the court house during the adjournment of the court, with some four or five lawyers, Root a man who had some for mer difficulty with the Bishop in relation to his wife, entered the court room and shot the former dead at the first fire of his pistol. Root was immediately arrested, did not exhib it the least symtora of excitement and before the coroner's jury had risen from holding the inquest over Bishop Janson, the grand jury which was in session at the time, indicted Rout, who is how in custody; His trial was contin ued to the next term. St Louis Union. -- Clergyman" whose turn It was to preach in a certain church, happening to get wet, was standing before the session room fire to dry his clothes and when his colleague came in, he asked him to preach for him, as he was very wet "No sir I thank you," was the1 prompt reply ; "preach yourself, you will be drjvenoogh in the pulpit". ,, - - . -i- .. For the Freeman. .: .:. itAiar. ..'-":- We know not the value of blessings enjoyed, ' Tis onlv when thev're fled far awav. When their long absence rashes our hopes void, o, then we long for one cheering ray When the swert rain descended in showers. Clothing with verdne the nlain and the field. : , Rearing with amiles oar loved garden flowers, . uiu our nearta men aue gratMude yield? Now when the clouds ere as fickle as we. Promising oft to open their stores, The value of rain all clearly see, Hope it may come when e'r the wind roars; The b'ees'd rainy day! did we despise it? )i :x. It curtailed our work, datnpeo-d our pleasure, Ah! did we then prop -rly prize it f : When each drop 10 the earth waa a treasure. Return rainy day, thou art blessing, . Tho feet iu the mod, cloths through were wet. We'd joy, thy libations possessing, - - Thy sweet pl.cioua drops ae'd ne'- r forget. Fe exhalatioua from lakes and rivers, ,u: Float not away lo far distant land. Condense in soft rain, corns here and give ns Tribute, we have good right to demand. There's water enough in world and the aky. Were not the rough wind so eapricioU", ' Tes, waft gig every laden dond by. Depriving ns of rights the most precious. Then O, ye winds, I charge ye, henceforth, Let each thirsty land have its due sh ire. In all your dominions, from Sooth to the North, Then we'll have water, and aoine to spare. But to Him who rules Earth, sky and saa. Be our praver, and Warm supplication. That mercy will from drouth aet ua free. Ann save ua still Irom feanul starvation. , My offering, O Lord, en thy altars laid. To Thee be as precious as Elijah's of old. O, may thy rains no longer be staid. - We beseach Time, the blessing no longer withhold The PresidentOur President. When traveling and abiding near Gen. Tay lor, in the last summer, during his visit to 'Ni agara, in the many excellent opportunities of seeing him at rest, away Irom the cares and annoyances of office, I was most impressed with the unaffected strength of character which developed itself. He had no pretensions he made no parade. When in the grasp of des perate sickness at Erie, or in the calm of slow recovery, he was the same sure and earnest man, regardful of all around him more as a spectator than actor distinct in judgment and determined in deed. 1 beard him pic- tare fo.rth the pleasure he ever had taken, and which seemed of the most acceptable m the pursuits of agriculture. I listened with avid ity to his delineation of the struggle and the vic tory of Jbuena Vista. In the story 01 the farm and the battle-field he was alike calm," unpretending, unobtrusive. Himself was not in the foreground. The impression he fast ened upon the mind was that of greatness, which used no ornament as it needed none- which was truthful, because it made no move ment that was valueless. This man stepped from the tent to the cab inet from the shout of battle to the voice of council. The whig party were only the agents of the people in selecting and electing the President He has justified the good sense and good judgment of those, who, amid the excited and tumultuous scenes of the Philadelphia conven tion in 1848, resolutely addered to his name. They were of the old whig party. . It was not the voice, of the neophyte. .The men , who started with the answer of the plain and strong name of Zachary Taylor, at the roll-call who kept at it who amid a storm of earnest voic es, that made the columns of the Chinese Museum hall ring again adhered to that name were of those men who had been with the whig party when it was a struggling and striving never a despairing minority. The Green Mountain . stale struck the first blow. It was an opening where victory was sure to follow; and whatever was said, or may yet be said, of that convention, its con vocation will remain' in the memories of those who ware present thereat, as one of the great days of the age. . The country has seen with surprise in sev eral of the city presses, grave and well argu ed advice to the whig parry, that it should recognize General Taylor as it leader ! Why, who ever thought of any one else? The whigs look at htm as their leader, as surely as his brave forces did in the days be led them to triumph; and then, as now, whatever might have been the predictions and doubts, and waywardness of others, it was safe to follow Old Zack. - - - . , -.. " ----- - His policy in peace is of the same steady and ready school as was his conduct in war. The moald of his mind is an even one in battle, rough in council, steady. , v , . , The whig party in the country sees no oth er peril in present circumstances, than that which arrises from the temporary alienation of individuals. Its strength consists in having a distinct and fixed principle, progressive, not fanatical, conservative, not stationary. . , . More than a year - and a-half has passed away since the election which terminated in the success of lien. laylor. At this very hour his strength is greater in this state than it then was. Those who received his nomina tion cautiously and timidly, have exchanged their doubts for confidence and that class of our voters who feared that we had rejected a certain for an uncertain friend, have confessed that the "old man" has shown that be is one of the best of whigsv . They are right, yet he is such an one as he said he should be. .It is the ultra whig who has proceeded so far as to have at least one foot out of the whig foot steps, while he who kept on his even path is where he Was, with and of the partyi The country, in every throb of the pulsa tions of its prosperity, feels the wise and be nign influence of such a President His name is known throughout the realm nf civilization, and honored and respected, and if need be, feared; while at home while debates grow furious he turns from the congress to the constituency, nnd finds that the people are calm as he. They know the pilot and are con fident of the voyage. .-.- , . , N. Y. Courier and Enquirer; 3 Hodro-Elmctric Light The editor of Burritt's Christian Citizen confirms the ac count of the wonderful discoveries said to have been made by Mr. Payne, of Worcester, Mass. The Citizen is published at Worcester, and the editor has visited Mr. P's house and af firms that "it is lighted and heated with cold water." . - 3rA yonng man at Burlington, N. J., ate a piece of honey comb, in which a bee was con cealed. While in the act of swallowing it the bee stung him in the throat which swelled so as to occasion within half an hour, his death by suffocation. - - S . gtS Green peas are selling at 62$ Cents per peck, at Norfolk, and strawberries at 37 J cents per qiiart. Fro-i l&sfturid fitw-?orkr. , TUKSIXG Of 8 A SE1T LEAFf.T Or, the Hfisfortnne of OroHing too! ... His Corn .::- t . : Some forty years ago; in one of the' -mounrf tainous towns of Massachusetts, bordering orf this State, lived on.old man named Sewell His location was on a stony, -fifty acre lot of. land, from the proceeds of which he had con-, triv'ed to subsist and bring up a large family mostly boys. 'Among them was one named , Jacob; a tall curly-headed, good-looking deni-' zen of the forest, as a grenadier recruiting of ficer would wish to look at He had received -a common school education, and had read of a fairer world than his borne of rocks and stones, and frosts and snows.'", Jacob made op his mind to turn over a new leaf in the account book of life; and one fine spring morning; as -the time arrived for looking out good sites to ' :: plant hills of corn among the flints and granite of his native hills, he slipped through the old . . 1 . . . man s nngers ana was missing. I he old father could not comprehend what , it meant It was a new phase in hia parental ; system rebellion against his authority that could not exist in his imagination. , He looked , . in the well, in the barn and up garret, and ' would not give it up, tnat be could not possi-. bly leave such a eomfortable home, until he was inf jrmed by one of Jake's friends, that h r was going to sea. Now Jake had gone to fee- but not to the deep, rolling, blue sea the great deep but to skk if there was not some far-off country, less serile . and stony-hearted, than his home on the mountain some country , where they did not shoot the rye into the1 . ground among the stones with a musket, and grind the sheep's noses to'a point; ; to. allow" tnem to pick out the herbage. - .- ' . Jake trudged along his weary journey, with his bundle on bis back; sometimes working bis passage, and sometimes for pay, until he found ' himself on the rich bottom lands of the Wa bash, in the employ of the owner of a large -' plantation. Jake knew bis value and got great wages, and he was worth the price. The for est melted before his axe and handspike, and -' ' the way he made the corn and wheat grow - was a caution to the idle hunting and fishing Suckers and Hoosiers of that region. . . In a year or two Jake began to feel his oats, . The rigid economy and indomitable industry in which he was educated, stock to him like a poor cousin to a rich relation ; he could not shake his habits off if he would." lie had mo- . ney and saved it He dressed well, and held his head up as if he was beir to a baronetey in . Uie old country ; he rode bis own horse, and i went in the bust company ia that remote and private region. ' . . , i. ;.s,: ,- One day Jake's employer said to him, "1 want five or sis hundred dollars, and I wish you to go to widow Kingsford and borrow it tor me. mere is a mue coolness Detween us, . but I think she will not refuse. .s So off he started for Mrs. K's house, and knoking at the door, who should appear but ' the fair widow herself. '." "Ah ! good morning, Jacob ; walk in" "No ma'am, excuse me; I am in a hurry. . The fact is, Mr. Burton wants to borrow five . hundred dollars ; be wants to enter some land." "Well, the fact is, Jacob, 1 do not like Mr. ? Burton very well but I will lend it to you." "Me ! I don't want to borrow money ; I've no I . useforit" ' ; J "4 -w-j,. ; "Well, -why don't yon find bo use for it ft Buy a plantation you could make yourself rich." ,-: .. : ,."e;.,. , . h "Why, ma'am, what could 1 do?. I bars no - . wife no". ... I, .'.-,--... V ,t-':. .-.o. .1 "Well why don't yon get one then ?" " ' . . "Because no one here would have me, thai , I would have." ' ' "Well no Jacob, if I was ten years youn- gef, you would not sat that again. -" V "If I was properly situated Mrs. Kingsford if you were ten years older than, you are ; -- I would say it - , .' "Are you in earnest ?" , ,- " "Never more so in my life, I assure, yptt." "Pray come into the house.' - 1 suppose. I V must let you have the money." - Her heart softened toward Mr. Burton, and all mankind she had not an 'enemy left in any corner of her heart and in a few minutes they were hand in hand. ; x' ,. . Six months after that, saw Jake's horse in ', the widow's stable the halter about both necks in blissful matrimony, and Jake the ow- . ner of all the land he could see, with ; money j -and means, cattle and and credit, to his heart's v content He was no longer Jake.but Mr. Sej well and those who wished to flatter him ' wrote Jacob SewbLl, Esq. . " - . '.'.: ' X . Having now become settled abd a man of , family, the yearnings after his humble" home -camo thick and heavy, on his mind. -: His aged " -father and mother if alive; bis brothers and . sisters; what was their situation ? ' The tho't , followed him like thd spirit of lost happiness , i. so he wrote a "penitent letter to his father . relating all his wanderings and all his good ,- fortune. ' ' ' ' ' His disappearance' and loss was a sore sub ject to the family, as he was the favorite son w and brother;. They often thought of him, but . seldom spoke his name, except in their prayers ; -when he never was forgotten The rejoicings , were therefore great on the receipt of the news of his existence and success in life, ' and aftef being so long given over as lost J butther -old squar-toed father was nevet quite recon-- ciled. .."' ' "- - ' ' - A year dr so after, a distant neighbor called V-:-one day; and, among other inquiries asked - if- he had heard from Jacob lately. He answer-1 . ed in the affimativei "Well, how is he getting along?" .- "Ah, poor, Unfortunate boy unfortunate boy!" .. .. : " . ... ; - .- 1 :,,,:,,.; 't i - "Has he got the western fever?".-: 5 k -,'No." - ' , - . . ..--'. :-::: :2..ii' ' ; "The yellow fevr?" ' ..:''. : 'No, no; worse than that Hi corn groti " edso high, he could 'nt harvest itl"i :: v . Force of Habit. - r. f We should like to have seen Bishop Boane y when the following dialogue came off; V - The Right Reverend Bishop Donne, of Newf Jersey, we are informed, mentions a laughs- . ble anecdote of himself, which i somewhat to the following purport r ' . . - .- , He was traveling in the cars, between Jfew. York and Bordentown, and having occasion to :. leave his seat for a moment, found on his re turn that it was occupied by another person, who pertinaciously refused to surrender it: -No Sir! he had paid for a seat, and ghoul J sit where he liked. After a little further re- monstrance the Bishop observed. ''-"Do yout ' . know who I am sir! 1 art Bishop Doana of New Jersey." "Ydu are V exclaimed the ob l stinate passenger 5 "are too that d 1 -d Ptae - tJifs You can't bare this seat Bishop Doane V'