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THE TIMES N15WHL00MFIKL1), PA., tXTOllliH 25, 1881.
)rolHKi'il loooniotlva wlilxtle from the direction of the edition. "Tliere'e the train now I" pxi'lulnia Mr, ltuoli. "Yh, anil tliere'H your Mary wltli the t,weetltrltr," miys Htuitiuli, n a gill of twelve with a handful of wild roues conies In at, the gitte. "Thank you, Mary, I wouldn't have mlsNed of tlicin jlowerx, not for anything. You iniint 'ome over to-niorrow J thrre'll he annie hody for you to play with." " Yea'in," Mary replU'a with n Miy smile. " What Is It about Hume lirlor ronen V" Mrs Ilolihlna null of Mis. Hush ng they walUeil away together, leaving Hannah to receive the travellers ulone. "Why, Elder Dale told Hannah very particular, that he wanted her to have some sweet-brier rosea on the tea-table when they got here no other Mowers otilyJiiHt them. Funny notion, Isu't JtV" womeniiTgermany. EVKUYWIIKUK in Continental Eu rope there Is a contempt for and an -opprefwlon of woman. Everywhere there Is laid on her the menial drudgery that niUHt be done, hut which men will not asslrit In doing, nor for the perform ance of which will they provide median 4cal appliances as American men do. JSvery where (die Is robbed of a proper compensation for her labor. lut Ger many, the land of literature, science, scholarship, music, art, culture to whose universities we scud our rods for thorough mental equipment the land that boasts of lis advanced civilization this Germany leads In mean treatment of women, nod has a pre eminence hi that kind of civilization which leave nothing undone to exalt man, hut Ih content to regard and treat woman us a serf. The country was In the perfection of Us midsummer beauty ns we Journeyed -through It. But I could not enjoy Its beauty, for here, as In Virginia years and years iigo, women were forced Into em ployments ununited to them, degraded to extreme menial service, and robbed of all that makes life worth living to u "Woman. Eight-tenths of all the agricultural laborers were women. They were hoe ing the immense sugar-beet fields, or, on their hands and knees, were weeding where a lioe could not he safely used, staggering under heavy loads of manure, which they brought from a distant place of deposit, they distributed It as It was needed. They were mowing, raking, pitching the hay on carts, or loading It s It was pitched. They were reaping, and stacking the grain in the fields, or tearing it home on their heads and 'Shoulders, which had been so loaded that we scrutinized long nnd closely, before we discovered the motive power of the Qieripatetio graiu stacks marching away. In the llelds where the first crop had teen removed, women were driving the ox or cow to plough for we saw no ploughing with a yoke of oxeu A the ox or cow was dispensed with, and one woman drew the plough while auother held It. If there was extra hard work to be done, loaded carte to be hauled away, wheelbarrow loads removed, the work was assigned to women, who bent them selves to the tusk with patient and per aistent energy, while meu looked on, emoklug their eternal pipes, without to much as lifting a ringer hi help. Scan tily dressed, generally bare-headed lu the blazing sun, quite as often bare-footed and bare-legged, they were bronzed in complexion, thin of flesh, bent and Ine lastic in figure, without joy lu their 'Work, or hope In their faces. For work of a day, twelve hours long, when these women boarded themselves, uey are paid an average of twenty-five cents. When they are boarded by their -employers, their wages average ten and twelve cents a day. Men doing the same work, working side by side with these women, receive nearly twice as much. tHard as is this farm work, women pre fer it to house-service, when they have the strength for It as the great majority of house servants work for board and -clothlug, and very meagre board and clothing at that. "When we went to Gcrmuu cities we saw what Was more repellant I Women, fcare-footed, or wearing modern clogs, were at work everywhere In the streets, with brooms of rods, and stiff brushes, wlth hoes and shovels and hand-carts, directing the floods of the gutters, clear ing them of debris, shoveling it into carts, aud repairing whatever damage the heavy rain had wrought. We took an early drive through Mun ich, before the city had awakened. Early as was the hour, the sun only just touch ing the lips of the msjestlo Bavaria, women were astir everywhere. They were collecting the offal and refuse from houses and stores; sweeping yesterday's dirt from the streets into piles, which other women shoveled into hand carts ; clearing the tracks of the tram-cars from obstructions; harnessed into bakers' and tullk carts, and distributing their sup. piles to their customers ; scrubbing the floors of shops; moving In all directions to prepare for the business of the day, that men might not only find their hreakfust ready, on rising, but the streets aud the shops In tidiness and order. Wandering among the architectural wonders of Vienna, where everything old and ugly Is being displaced by modern and beautiful structures, we halted he side a magnificent building In process of erection, to study Its design. Imme diately, we canio upon women mixing mortar, and far above us, at a dizzy height, snw other women climbing lad ders, bearing on their head: and should ers hods of brick, stone and mortur, for the use of masons. We spent a day In the picture gallery at Dresden ; I stepped out on the street, und found myself launched In a stream of women, all bending under the loads of the baskets strapped to their backs, each of which Is made to carry sixty pounds. Home were young, hut many were past middle age, and sonic were white-haired, tottering under their load, their sad eyes looking Into mine wearily and hopelessly, lu some of the towns of Wurtemburg there are brigades of women water-carriers attached to the lire departments. They buy their own equipment of fire costume and tin water-pull, und at stated times are drawn up in line before the district Inspector, to go through a drill aud sham lire to test their efiloleucy. In sliortr there Is no sort of menial work that Is not done by German women, and Austrian women ns well. I have seen them sawing und splitting wood on the streets, aud then carrying It on their backs up several stories into houses. I have seen them moulding brick ; tin. loading freight cars ut depots; building the road-beds of railroads ; getting stone out of quarries ; yoked with clogs, cows and oxen, pulling heavy loads along the highways; making and mending the roads; repairing the embankments of canals ; dredging rivers nnd small Streams-for the sake of the fertilizing mud ; doing any drudgery that n.eu are glad to be rid of. The German universities, to which we send our sons, each of which numbers its students by thousands and its emi nent professors by hundreds, are not for German women, llurdly Is a "higher education for women" thought of lu Geimuny. The German woman is com pletely subordinate to the German man, who treats her as his intellectual Inferior, and evidently so regards her. He Is willing she should share the beer garden with Mm, and the theatre, but not the university nor the field of literature. Ia A Dizzy Tower. A New York Journalist, who has Just climbed a shot tower, 175 feet tall, thus tells in the Mar of that city how he felt : The reporter followed and climbed, and climbed, until his feet ached. It was one continued narrowclrcle, mount ing higher and higher into the vaults of the heavens above. The helix of the stairs were so narrow that the reporter was in continual dread test he should run against aud dash his brains out. Then ills head grew dizzy, and it was no longer possible for him to tell whether he was going up or down, or merely chasing himself around a circle with a bewitched lantern as his guiding star. At first an effort was made to reach some clear perception of what was going on, but it was soon abandoned lu hopeless bewilderment. There was one thing certain, however, and that was that however cool the top of the tower might be Its interior was very warm, and that each moment it seemed to be growing warmer. This, added to the dizziness and the fatigue of climbing, rendered the ascent anything but pleasant. There suddenly occurred an incident which banished all thoughts of dizziness, fatigue and heat. This was the sudden descent of a shower of hot shot through the narrow opening around which the stulrcase circled. "Good heavens 1 What's thatV" ex claimed the reporter, as he pressed him self against the outor railing. "That? Why that's the shot going down. They pour the melted lead thro' a sieve at the top, and by the timeitgets to the bottom it forms itself into globules of lead, or shot, as we call it." "And do they pour it down in that reckless manner r" Isn't it liable to scatter V" "Oh, no, not if they're steady up above." It was very comforting to know that if the boiling lead was poured down by a steady hand, it would graze one's elbow by about au inch, and if not, that a shower of molten lead would fall upon one's head and shoulders. To descend was about as risky as to keep on climbing up more so, In fact, for the shot was more apt to scatter do w below than it was near its poiut of de parture; at least that was how the re porter reasoned with what little powers or reasoning were left in him. Resuming their dizzy ascent, a plat form wag ut lust reached where there glowed a red-hot furnace, on which was placed a hissing pot of boiling lend. Two men were at work there pouring the dippers full of the metal Into a pan with n sieve-Ilka bottom, through which It full Into a well of water at the foot of the lower. The atmosphere on this plati form was too warm to make a prolonged stay agreeable, and the ascent was con tinued. What amount of time It look to reach the top Is not known. It seemed to be about six weeks ; hut the watch man said It was not quite so long, and he appeared to be a truth telllng man, When the lop was gained, however, the reporter was far from Inclined to cry "Excelsior I" What he felt like doing, and did In fact do, was to seat himself on the last step and try to breathe. After a time he succeeded, nnd with time also the whirling seiisnllon In his head began to nbale, Then lie looked from the tower to the ground, 171 feet below, and drew back to the centre of what seemed to him a ridiculously nar row platform. Home people say that when they stand upon a great height they feel a desire to Jump dowu. Not the slightest longing of that kind arose In the Star reporter's breast. He felt that he would like to get do A n, but the Jumping process never even suggested Itself to him. The desire to descend was not lessened by the discovery that the lower was swaying to and fro In the breeze, and that he expected each mo. ment to see It topple over. Just us day hud fully opened, the watchman of the tower thrust his head above the scuttle door and bade the re porter good morning. If he wished to get some Idea of shot-making, now was the time, he said, as he was about to make his last tour of the tower and building, and could explain the details ns he went around. The explanations were given Intelligently and fully, and the following Is an attempt to summarize the information obtained : Lend shot, though sometimes made of lend alone, are almost Blways formed of mi alloy of arsenic and lead, the arsenic being Introduced In the form of nrsnnlous ueld or the sulphuret (orplment). The object of the addition of the arsenic Is to render the hard, brittle qualities of the lead, which Is contaminated by Iron and antimony, softer and more ductile, and of the proper consistence, when melted, for taking the globular form. Up In the lofty apartment, from which descends the stream of lead, stand two meu, their hands inensed In thick bags aud grasping heavy Iron ladles with which they dip out the molten metal from the kettle aud pour it Into the col lenders. Blistering as the molten metal Is, the men dash their ladles into It us if it were water. This Is hard labor, and rapid besides, for the lead runs through the collender almost like quicksilver ;' while if it Is allowed to become a little chilled in the bottom of the vessel then the holes are stopped, and the careless workmen have no easy Job In cleaning them. Five tons of lead are often thrown dowu In half an hour In the establish ment visited. The collender Is simply a copper pan' the bottom of which Is per foraled and which rests In an iron ring. In fulling to the base of the tower the particles of semi-fluid lead, acted upon alike over their whole surface by a cur rent of air, are made to assume the globular form, and by the time they reach the bottom they are sufllclently hardened by cooling to bear the shock of striking the surface of the water iu the well below. The size of the shot Is only approxi mately fixed by the sizes of the holes in the collenders. The mass is always larger than the hole from which It ex udes, and, as the period of dropping Is not exactly uniform, perhaps half a doz en sizes are produced from the same sieve. Again, large sized shot require to be dropped from a greater height than small sized, and while in some cases 100 feet is sufllcient, in others an elevation of 150 feet is hardly enough. After the shot have reached the bot tom of the well they are at once lifted out by an elevator and thrown upon an inclined drying table, over which they slide, falling ultimately intoa wire gauze rotating cylinder. Here they are rolled and ground together, and In this way the minute burrs upon them are removed. From the cylinder another elevator lifts the shot upon a screening table. This consists of a series of places arranged at gradually decreasing heights. Between each there is an interval. The shot be ing started at the end of the highest plane will, if perfect, roll from one plane to another, jumping over the interme diate spaces; if imperfect, however, the latter becorie pitfalls Into which, sooner or later, it tumbles and is carried off into a receptacle, the contents of which go back to the melting kettle. The good shot, after passing this ordeal, reach the separators. This is for convenience in future separating. The shot are next elevated to the top cylinder of a series arranged on an in cline. They are conical in form and in clined, and are covered with perforated sheet brass. Each cylinder serves as a sieve for a particular )m of shot, retain ing that and allowing all smaller slates to eene. The shot, ns the cylinder re. volves, traverse Its entire length, nod then the small ones run out Into the next cylinder below, and thus the sift, lug goes on until each cylinder has pick, ed out the particular cluss of shot to which it Is adapted, The sizes of shot are standard. The smallest s known as "dust," and then comes No. 112, which Is 0,05 Inch In diameter, 2,ft(l shot going to the ounce. The slues then Increase by one-hundredth r on Inch to up to tweuty.three hun dredths, of which there are twenty-four shot to the ounce. The shot being now assorted, m1InIi lug alone remains to he done. This Is accomplished by placing the shot to. gether with plumbago In a box, which Is rapidly rotnted. This Imparts the glossy black smoothness demanded by sportsmen. The shot are then weighed, bagged and are ready for commerce. Buckshot, which range In size from twenty-two to thhty-two hundredths of an Inch, are moulded. The moulds con. Hist of a series of pivoted bars, the outer pair of which have handles. The upper edges of these bars are hollowed to form the moulds, so Hint when they are closed together, the upper half of each cavity unite and It Is only necessary to pour the lend Into the apertures. The shot are thus at once moulded to the proper size, so that rumbling and polishing only are subsequently required. THE CONTENTS OF AN EMPTY BARREL. GAZE nt an empty barrel. It has not the eppearance of possessing Unca pacity of exciting men to fierce hate and deeds of blood. But listen. The Fin negan brothers reside In the same house. Now It chanced the other day that James wanted to :ack stuirin a barrel, und he wanted the barrel perfectly dry. Ho he set the article out In the backyard where the sun would shine on It. He did not explain this to his brother, and when Michael came along aud saw the barrel there he thought : "If that barrel stands there It will dry up and fall to pieces." As it was a good barrel he de sired to save It, and so got a pall and filled the barrel with water. Then he left, aud presently James came out to see the barrel. He found It full. "Dang It," said he, "why can't they let things alone!" and he dumped the barrel. He hadn't been gone ten minutes when Michael returned. Happening to glance at the barrel he observed that It was empty. He thought the water had leaked out and proceeded to refill It. When James came round again to see if the barrel was dry, he was put lutoastateof great wrath. He dump, ed the barrel and went to tell his mother not to use it for a cistern. And while he was gone Michael strolled around again. "Begorra, that bar'l lakes fasht," he remarked, and was rather ugly at having to lug another barrelful of water to refill it. But he did It, and when James found it that time he was so mad lie danced up und down and tore his hair and swore. He duipped the barrel, and as he did so Michael looked out of the window aud saw him. In a minute they were fuce to face In the yard. " What d'ye mane, makln' me work.by dumpln' the barTi"' yelled Michael. "Ye dang fool, why can't ye lave it alone?" asked James In a whisper that could be heard in the next yard. When two brothers fight they always put more ugliness into It than they would with anyone else. But a policeman heard the racket aud came in and separated them and bore them to the station. Thus you see thata tight came out of the empty barrel. About Cheek. No, my son, cheek Is not better than wisdom ; it is not better than modesty ; It is not better than anything. Don't listen to the siren who tells you to blow your own horn or it will never be tooted upon. ' The world Is not to be deceived by cheek, and it does search for merit, and when it finds it, merit Is rewarded. Cheek never deceives the world, my son. It appears to do so to the cheeky man, but be Is the one who is deceived. Do you know one cheeky man In all your acquaintance who Is not reviled for his cheek the moment his back is turned t Almost everybody bates a cheeky man, my son, Society tires at the brassy glare of his face, the noisy assumption of bis forwardness. The triumphs of cheek are only apparent. He bores his way along through the world, and fre quently better people give iyay for him. But so they give way, my boy. for a man with a paint-pot In each band. Not because tbey respect the man with the paint-pots particularly, but because they want to take care of their clothes. You sell goods without it, and your custo mers won't run and bide in the cellar when tbey see you coming. tW Love's secret ia to be always do ing things for God, and not to mind Ik cause they are such very little ones. piosir ,:. .,(1 . H- j J v THECREAT rttf mmmmm Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago, Baokaohe, Soreness of the Chest, Gout, Quinsy, Son Throat, Swellings and Sprains, Burns and Scalds, General Bodily Pains, Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet and Ears, and all other Paint and Aches. No Preparation n earth equals St. Jamma Oft, as. mnf,uri; imiln nw rh-up KxU-innI lieiticdy. A trial mml. tit the eoinpn naively iHllliiic outlay ef Ml Onla, nii'l every itr siinVrlhK with iu can have chitip mul poHtlve iriHr of lis claim. lllreotlniis In Eleven languages, SOLD BY ALL DRnooiRTS AND DEALERS IS MEDICINE, A.VOGELER & CO., llnttlnwrf, M4., V. H. A. May a.lSHl y JOSSER & ALLEN CENTRAL STORE NEWPORT, PENN'A. Now offer tits public A KAIIK AND KLICOANT ArlHOKTMKNT Of DRESS GOODS Consisting of all shade suitable for the season BLA CK A L PA CCA 8 AND Monvniny Goods A SPECIALITY. BLEACHED AND UNBLEACHED M TJ BLIN B, AT VARIOUS PltlCKH. AN BIILR! SELECTION OK PR1NTB' We sell and do keep s good quality of SUQARS, COFFEES & SYRUPS And every tlilug undor the litmd of GROCERIES I Machine needlei and nil for all niakei of Maolilues. To be convinced that our good are CHEAP AS THE CHEAPEST, ISTO CALL AND KXAMINK STOCK. No trouble to uliow oodi. Don't forRet the CENTRAL STORE, Newport, Perry County, Pa. HELP Vournf lvc hy mikliiir nmnry wh-ii a iroMeu (!han! In nlTcri'd, tlnrnty alwftyn kHi,rr lvrtv from vinir tlfxir. Thiu.lu. .i-.. . take rtvanUvn of the kiwI i-Iihim fur funking immry tint rnlT.T..il,riiicrlly Iwi oine wealthy, while tlio wliotlo nrt lrniniveaitrh ehahrea remnlii lu poverty Yik want many men, wmieti, bora and vlrla to work for tiarhrhl In their own lornlltlea. The buxliieaa will nay more than ten flmea ordinary waxea. Wn furnlah ail pi.iialve outfit anil all thut you need, free. No one whneniraireafailato make money verr raiddly Yon can devote your whole time to the work, or only roiir aj.are inoniHiite. FiSl Information and all that la neeile.1 out free. Addreaabi'IJiMON a CO., 1'urtlaiMi, ilalna INSTATE NOTIOB.-Notlcf) la huroby given. 1J thatlttM-a of ailinlhlatrntlon on theeatate '' v. H. H. ltlehinoiid late of Torone town. , in, ferry County, i'a., deeeaaed, have bemi granted to the iindeiralKiieU. I'. O. Address Landlauurg, l'errv County, fa. Allperanria Indebted to aald eaf ate are refiiet en to make Immediate payment and thrme liavInK clalma will preaent them duly authenticated for settlement to ALBERT E. RfCHMOND. Chas. If. Hwilet, Att'y. Administrator May 10. 1H1. Permanent Employment. WANTKD.-I1. If. Patty ft Co.. nuraerv men. want a few good reliable men toaell tree, vine and ahritba. ihroiiith thia ruare. They froinliettteady employment to vnod aaletmen ortull part'culara addreaa li. If. Fatcv. Co.. Geneva, N. Y. 37 4 G RAND BOULEVARD HOTEL, Corner 30lb t. and II road way, WAY YORK. On Both American & European riant. Fronting on Central Park, the Grand Boule vard, Broadway and Fifty Ninth Street, this Ho tel occupies the entire square, and waa built and furnialied at an eiia-use of over ItoO.utD. It la oue of the moat elegant a well aa flnett located In the city i haa a paaaeoRer Klevator and all modern improvements, and Is within oue t'luare of the depot of the With and Eighth Avenue Elevated li. k. Cars and still nearer to the Btoad way cars convenient and accessible from all parts of the city. Kooms with board. 11 per day. Special rates for families and permanent guests. Aug 21. 'e0 1) J (E. HASKELL, Proprietor. E.tate of Samuel Miller, Deceased. LETTERS of Administration on the above estate having been granted to the under. aiKiied. a persons Indebted to ald estate are re quested to make payment, and tbo having claims to present the same without delay to WALLACE DbWITT, Administrator. 8epL 2J. liLJ ( liarrmburg. fa.