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Judsonia weekly advance. (Judsonia, Ark.) 1???-1922, April 20, 1922, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91050157/1922-04-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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4
ll'ME u.
JUDSONIA ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 1922.
$1.50 Per Year
S’lRST STRAWBERRIES
The first quart of strawberr
I „f the present season v.a.;
ight in last Thursday, April
by Phillip Roth, Jr. It was
|ught to the Advance office
Mr. Roth was given a years
Iscription to the Advance for
iO Saturday, April 15, ojhn
rsons brought in four quarts
[ich were sold at auction and
^ught from $1.25 to 60c per
irt. The same afternoon Jim
ns brought in a case lacking
quarts, which'were su'd lo
lly for 60c per quart.
Monday, April 17, Mr. Kit
shipped out the first case
the Shippers Union. It was
|d for $6. Tuesday Mr. I.eas
shippd the first case for the
fuit Growers Association. It
is sold for $6.50.
|The first case last year was
ipped on April 6th.
[it is expected that a few cas
wil lbe brought in today,
lile quantity shipments will
[nimbly start about the first of
|xt week.
-o
Education is a wonderful
ing. At a recent election 915
arvard Students cast 965 bai
ts.
BAPTIST CHURCH
Our seryices throughout Sun
iv were well attended. 197 in
Linday School. This was a little
"f, but it was because of Eas
r Outings.
Of course w'e do not blame any
for this because Easter
)mes but once a year.
We had an unusually large
jmgregation Sunday night. Five
appy young people were bap
zed. The ferns and flowers
laced around the bapt’-stry pre
pnted a most beautiful view.
Subject for the morning hour
fas, “Refusing to come to Jes
s’” At the evening hour, “O
jedience.”
Next Sunday at 11 o’clock
II the churches of our I-.ivt
’ill meet at the Baptist Curch
TO IMPROVE PARK
Do you want Juusomn to nave
one of the prettiest parks in
the county
Our Park has every natural
advantage that could he ; sked
for, and with the help of every
one we can make this the prett
iest spot in the county.
During last year a good fence
replaced the old one, trees were
removed and trimmed, electric
lights were placed throughout
the park.
Yesterday and today the en
tire grounds were cleaned. Self
closing gates were put into op
eration.
One of the things that must
be done now is the planting of
flowers. The park committee
though this means is going to
ask everybody who can spare
flowers, either seed or plants
preferably plants, to send a list
of same to some one of the com
mittee, who have planned the
arranging of same.
This is the season to do this
work, and let’s everybody d<>
our bit in the matter, and make
for our town a park that could
do credit to a town much larg
er.
Dr. R. L. Little
Jennings Monk
John Henson.
(Committee)
for the commencement exercis
es of the graduating class of
our school. This class of seven
boys and gills is a fine bunch
of young people, enthusiastic
and brim full of confidence.May
leal success go their way. Rev.
ffreenleaf of Searcy, will p.eaeh
the sermon at this hour. Every
body come.
S. C. Vick, Pastor.
Clean-Up Notice
The town will haul all you,
rubbish and tin cans away if you
will gather them up and set
handy so same can be collected.
Next week, April 21th, a wagon
will be run to collect all such
rubbish. Please collect all such
stuff and have ready for wag
on. If for any reason they don't
get yours, j hone me.
J. A. Bauer, Mayor.
THE RIDDLE OF T.IE SPHINX
“There is a wondrous creature, and its like is not
found on earth, in air, or in water. At first it goes
on four legs, then it goes on two, and at last it goes
on three.”
If you cannot guess this riddle, come
into the Farmers & Merchants
Bank and we will tell you the solution
also tell you how this wondrous
creature can greatly assist itself
when trying to go on three legs.
/
Farmers & Merchants bank
FOUR PER CENT PAID ON TIME DEPOSITS
THINGS BEGINNERS
MUST LEARN FIRST
Explanation of Terms Used
Radio and of Its Basic
Principles.
in
Due to the great Interest taken In ra-!
dlo since broadcasting stations have
been started, many radio tbrnis are1
seen and heard that may be unfamiliar ,
to the novice. Some of the most com
monly used terms are explained and
defined below.
Like light, heat and sound, radio
energy is propagated in the form of a
wave motion. Every one is familiar I
with the wave motion set up on the
surface of a still body of water by the
dropping of a stone into it.
Every time a point on the surface 1
of the waves goes through a complete
set of motions and starts to repeat
those motions the wave Is said to have
gone through a cycle.
The number of complete cycles gone
through per second is the frequency, j
The human ear is responsive to
sound frequencies up to a few thousand
cycles per second but is not capable of
responding to the higher frequencies
encountered in radio. Arbitrarily a
frequency of less than 10.000 cycles
lias been called an audible frequency
—one wldch can he heard—and fra-i |
quencies above 10,000 cycles, radio or
Inaudible frequencies—because they
cannot be heard by the human ear. |
The particular type of wave which
propagates radio energy is an electro
magnetic wave. All of us have seen
hits of iron and steel attracted by the
little toy magnets made tip in the form
of horseshoes. This attraction of the
magnet for the hits of iron and steel
showed tile existence of a magnetic
nut from this station have a frequency
of 835,000 cycles.
FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
In a radiophone transmitter there
are two requirements that must be
fulfilled. First, there must he a source
of high-frequency current, say. between
15,000 and 1,500,(MX) cycles so con
nected to an antenna and ground sys
tem that energy in the form of electro
magnetic waves will be radiated. Sec
ond. there must he some method of
controlling this high frequency current
or modulating it so that the variations
In the amplitude of the high-frequency
current will he directly proportional
to the voice or music to be transmitted.
The high-frequency current is known
as the carrier-wave and its function
Is to radiate into space in the form of
electro magnetic waves and by its va
riation in amplitude carry with it the
variation in the tone at the transmit
ting station.
It Is the ttequency of the carrier
wave that determines the wave-length
on which a radiophone station is trans
mitted. ISy experiment it has been
found that elegtro-inagnetie waves
1 nr. cl at Urn same velocity that light
waves travel, that is, 186,00ft miles per
second. Wave-length is the distance
between any two similar points on two
successive wnves; for example, the dis
tance from crest to crest of any two
successive waves in the same direction,
measured in meters, a unit of length
equal approximately to one and one
tenth yards. Converting 186,000 miles
to meters, the equivalent is 300,000.000
meters. The length of an electro-mag
netic wave is equal then to 300,000,000
divided by the frequency. Suppose a
station was transmitting on a wave
length of 360 meters. The frequency
of the carrier-wave would lie approxi
mately 835,000 cycles.
Just as a violinist tunes his Instru
ment, that is, makes a certain string
emit a note of higher or lower pitch,
or, technically speaking, a sound wave
of higher or lower frequency, by ad
justing the tension on the string, so
may the electrical constants of the
antenna circuit of a radiophone trans
mitter^ be1-jchanged in^m-der to have
mrnmmm \\, . / ^
• ■ ■
^3*
Amateur Radio Operators Erecting Aerial on the Roof.
•eld about the tip* of the magnet and
this same kind of a field propagates
the electro-magnetic force, except that
unlike the toy magnet, Its power comes
off In the form of wavy motions. This
electro-magnetic force propagates ra
dio energy In all directions.
The medium that transmits the elec
tro-magnetic waves Is the same me
dium that transmits light—the ether.
This medium Is supposed to fill all
space, even that occupied hy fluids and
solids. Little is known about its prop
erties.
In radio it Is more common to speak
of wave length than frequency. The
wave length of any wave motion is the j
distance between any two successive
crests In the same direction. The
wave length depends upon the tre
quency. If the frequency Is high the
wave length Is short. On the other
hand if the frequency is low the wave
length is long. Numerically the wave
length Is equal to the distance trav
eled by the wave in one second divided
by the frequency. Suppose, for ex- j
ample, that It were desired to know
the wave length of an electro-magnetic
wave having a frequency of 835,000
cycles. Electro-magnetic waves travel
at the same speed as do light waves,
that is, _180J>00 miles per second. Di
viding the 180,00(5 by 835,0(50 the wave
length would be .223 miles or 396
yards. In radio work it Is measured
In meters. A meter is equal to ap
proximately 1.1 yards. Converting 306
yards into meters the wave length
would be 396 divided by 1.1 or 360
meters. This is the wave length on
which KDKA operates. It also means
that the electromagnetic tvayoa sent
the station emit a earner-wave of a
different frequency.
If a tuning fork having a natural
period corresponding to middle C be
placed near a violinist who is playing,
the fork will vibrate when the musi
cian plays middle C, but all other times
It will remain quiescent. This phenom
enon of the tuning fork vibflating
whenever the musician plays the cor
responding 1 ote on the violin is known
as mechanic \1 resonance. If a radio
receiver be ai'lusted so that electrically
its natural pi ’tod of vibration will be
835,000 cycles (360 meters wave
length) every t me a station transmits
on a wavo-leng h of 360 meters, cur
rent will be s® up In the receiver by
electrical resonance. Stations trans
mitting on nn.v wav “-length other than
860 meters will not cause a current
to be set up in the ireceiver.
The portion of a cadlo receiver that
changes the waved Qgth at which It
Is electrically RisoftaTTt is cane's a
tuner. Suppose that “A" stRtion trans
mits on a wave-length of 200 meters
and "B” on a wave-length of 360 me
ters. By adjusting the tuner until the
constants of the receiver make it elec
trically resonant to a 200-meter wave
or a 360-meter wave, either .of the two
stations can be picked up, but both
stations cannot be picked up simulta
neously. This is the reason that more
than one transmitter can be operating
at one time and yet only one can be
heard on a receiver without interfer
ence from the others. J
The other necessary part of a radio
receiver is the detector. The function
of this portion of the receiver is to
Utilize the small currents In the tuner
that are set up by a transmitting sta
tion and make them audible through
the medium of a telephone receiver. If
the telephone receiver were connected
directly to the tuner the high-frequency
current would not operate the dia
phragm of the receiver and even If the
diaphragm were set in motion it would
be too fast a motion to be picked up
by the human ear.
in a simple receiver the detector us
ually consists of two pieces of mineral
In contact or a piece of mineral in con
tact with a metallic spring. Either
Combination is known as a crystal de
tector. A detector of this type is noth
ing more than a rectifier; that is. when
an alternating current Is applied at the
terminals the current is allowed to
flow only in one direction.
How One Editor Uses Radio.
The editor of a paper in an iso
lated town in the northwest is using
the radio In a most ingenious and ef
fective way. An anmateur radio friend
In a big city 50 miles away buys the
latest: editions of the city papers as
soon as they are off the press, reads
the best news into his transmitter, and
a4typlst in the country office copies the
news as it comes in over the office re
ceiver. The editor, through this in
genious plan, is always “First With
the Latest" in his home town.
-o
A resident of Chicago opened
his front door and blew three
short blasts on a police whistle.
Twenty policemen appeared al
most instantly at the door.
“Gosh, this is embarrasng,”
said the res-of Chi., when he
saw the largemob of bluecoats.
“I only wanted a. quart.”—Ex
Warning
I have instructed both day
and night marshals to arrest
anyone from this date on who
is found drunk or under the in
fluence of strong d rink and
place in calaboose until they so
ber up. Now take warning; ev
erybody gets the same treat
ment and will lie seen after the
next morning with a fine.
J. A. Bauer, Mayor.
The radish market is reported
as stiffening, late returns show
a price of around $7.00 net per
barrel for some shipments.
Salesman J. A. Adkins ha. re
ceived wires stating that the
quality stuff was h'i ging go'd
prices while the wilted, small
and otherwise defective stuff
was unsalable. Quality is what
counts.
—Bald Knob Eagle
For Side—Irish potatoes, $2.
per bushel. J. A. Rogers.
GRADUATING ( LASS
—o
The graduating .exercises of
the Jurlsonia High School will
be held at Beals Hall, Friday
night, April • 28th. Dr. Gibson
will be present and deliver the
annual address. The commence
ment sermon will be preached
at the Baptist Church next Sun
day morning by Rev. Greenleaf
| of Searcy
The graduating class consists
of Vera Stewart, Vernon Rog
ers, 1 felen Tyre, Theo Moseley,
Florine Overstreet, Neal C mley
and Thomas Young.
Prof McVey and faculty da
| serve much credit for conduct
ing a very successful term of
school.
The program for the graduat
ing exercises and the commence
I ment program will be found on
! page eight.
I ~
One evening a farmer met his
man with a lantern and asked
him where he was going.
“Courtin’,” was the rply.
“Courtin,” said the farmer,
“with a lantern?” I never took
a lantern with me when I went
I courtin’.”
“Yes,” replied the man, “an’
look what you got.”—Ex.
I
TO-NTGHT
APRIL 20, 21, 22
THE NORCROSS
STOCK CO.
Curtain 8:15
T uesday
April 25th
J. P. McGowan
in
Discontented Wives
also
“Late Dodgers”
Show at 7:30
Admission 10 and 25c
! ELECTRIC
NOTICE
NOTICE
YOU CAN PAY YOUR TAXES
AT OUR BANK.
CALL AT ONCE AND SAVE
'EXPENSE AND TRIP TO
SEARCY.
IF POSSIBLE BRING THE DE
SCRIPTION OF YOUR
LAND WITH YOU.
A. O. ADAY, Cashier
BANK OF JUDSONIA
FOUR PER CENT INTEREST PAID ON TIME DEPOSITS
JUDSONIA, ARKANSAS

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