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in the Labor World. BY R. E. CROSKEY JUDGE. GREELEY WHITFORD KILLS THE LOAN SHARK LAW. “In the opinion" of Judge Greeley W. Whitford the Shark Law is unconstitutional. What do you know about that? Truly our system of law-making is a huge joke, when a lawyer temporanly wearing the judicial ermine can undo the work of one hundred other learned men. most of whom are lawyers, and say that these men are a bunch of ignoramuses who do not know their business when they pass such a law. And that is practically what these decisions, declaring laws unconstitutional, mean. Aside from the general reputation for fairness and knowledge of the law of Judge Whitford. which, to say the least, is certainly not of the best, upon what excuse of authority can any half-baked lawyer, serving his first term, or last term for that matter, as a judge, presume to have a better knowledge of the law than the lawyers who compose the judiciary committees of the two branches of any state or the national legislature? The judiciary committee of the last general assembly, in both senate and house, was composed of a number of lawyers who rank far above Greeley W'. Whitford. They passed upon the constitutionality of the Loan Shark favorably or it would never have been reported from their respective committees with recom mendations “that it do pass.’* Upon this recommendation both branches of the legislature passed the law. from whence it had to be passed upon by the attorney general of the state before the governor signed the bill making it a law. Surely these lawyers know as much, some people will say more, about the law than ever Greeley Whitford does and yet. by virtue of holding the office of district judge, this man assumes power to declare this law unconstitutional. How much longer will the people stand for this usurpation by the judiciary, this tra\es!y upon justice, this mockery of the will of the people? How much longer will people stand for corporation hirelings, sitting as judges, destroying every law that is enacted to protect the people from the extortions of the i corporations, whether by unjust charges or from injuries by accidents or any other form of tyranny? Truly our judicial system is rotten to the core and needs revising. Our judges at the present time have arrogated to themselves far more power than any mere king or emperor reigning over a constitutional nation dare assume. The idea of one little old district judge having the power to undo the work of the whole executive and legislative branch of our state government would be excruciatingly comical were the results not so tragic to the working people. It took nearly two months to try this test case of the loan shark law, postpone ment after postponement was taken, heaven knows what for. but this we do know, that some thousands, of dollars were ready to be used to defeat this law when before the legislature, and that Representative Bellesfield. the labor man from Pueblo, had to watch over it night and day to see that the bill was not tampered with as was the case with the law passed by the preceding legislature, when a “joker” was inserted by somebody, somehow, making the law inoperative in towns of more than thirty thousand population. We also know that Mr May of the firm of Whitford and May was the council for the defense who made the plea that the law was unconstitutional, the Whitford in this case being Clay 8.. a brother of the judge. We also know that Judge W'hitford was both biased and prejudiced, and plainly showed it in the boycott case against Devlin, the striking iron molder. over ruling every point made by Devlin s attorney. We also know that District Attorney Willis V. Elliott could take quite a prominent part in prosecuting, being on the job himsell to try and hand it to Devlin, but this paragon of perfection whom a lot of fool union men supported last fall was conspicuous by his absence on the prosecution of the loan shark law. leaving it to his assistant. C hiles, who has of course taken an exception and been given sixty days to take an appeal. This may be taken if some one pushes it. but. judgirtfc by the past, we can look for no prosecution for violations of the labor laws if the district attorney can possibly get out of them. This has been amply demonstrated by Elliott in the cases brought by Labor Commissioner Brake for violations of the municipal eight-hour law', every case of which he has had killed. This whole bunch are closely allied with the influences that Judge Ijndsey is showing up in his “Beast in the Jungle" stories. The laboring people will never be able to get anything resembling justice in this country until they vote to gether to kick the rotten corporation crowd out of office. ORGANIZED LABOR SHOULD STAND PAT FOR THEIR CANDIDATE. (By R. E. Croskey.) It teems that <he committee of twenty that have in charge the matter of amend ing the city charier, do not w ant an organ i/rd labor man to Ire nominated as one of the proposed three water commissioners. This is the usual policy when the unions get mixed up with “the best people." as they term themselves. Ihe committee of the I rades Assem bly that was appointed to investigated the "water proposition" did such good work that these "best people" were glad to fall in line with it. »'or a long time these Ward Clubs. Christian Citizens Union „nd Municipal Ownership League floun dered along and really did nothing prac tical towards evolving a practical scheme to beat the Water company in its pro posed grab of either a new franchise or several millions of extra dollars that they proposed to charge the city for their plant. A committee of the Trades Assembly was appointed and the members of this committee have so far shown themselves to be more than equal to the task, getting data on the subject that the members of these other various committees did not show that they were able to gel. and sys tematizing the fight so that practical results could be achieved, and now forsooth, the members of the committee that have so far demonstrated that they are the most com petent men on the job, are not quite the proper people, you know, to have placed one of their number as a water commis sioner. Organized labor has shown the way, and by the eternal gods the committee from the Assembly should stand pat and DF.MAND that one of their number should be named as a commissioner. The committee of twenty is a four-cor nered affair, having an equal number of UNITED Labor Bulletin Boost the Label VOL. IV. its members from the Trades Assembly, the Christian Citizens’ Union, the Munici pal Ownership League and the Ward Clubs, five members from each. Ihe committee from the Assembly have caucused and have presented the name of P. J. Devault to represent organ ized labor. I have known P. J. Devault for many years, and if there is a more honest or competent man in the state of Colorado to fill one of the three commis • sionerships I shall have to be shown who he is. P. J. Devault has carried a union card for upwards of thirty years, and there has never been a questionable act done by him in his many years in labor’s service. He is an educated gentleman, far above the average, and equal to any man that will be named from any source, for office as a commissioner. P. J. Devault once served as assessor of } eller county, one of the most intricate counties of the state to assess, and he showed himself not only fully competent to fill this position, but he is pronounced the ablest assessor that this county has e>er had; in fact, his valuations are the stand ard upon which the major part of the property in this county is valued at to-day. He won his office by the strength of his personality and the respect that the voters of that county had for him. Running on an independent ticket he beat l>oth the Demo cratic and Republican nominees over three hundred votes. Devault is in addition to his scholarship a man who has had ex periences of the world that few men have the opportunity to gain. It may not be generally known, but he is one of the men who accompanied General Grant on his famous trip around the world. The majority of the committee of twen ty want to switch the name oT Devault for that of Andrew Chalmers. Andrew Chalmers is a good, able man. He has served as president of the Denver D ENVER, COLORADO, DECEMBER 2A, 1909 | Trades Assembly, and made a good re cord as a supervisor of the city, but he is now a business man. and if he has shown any interest in labor in recent years I have failed to discover it. He was named as an honorary member of the committee to entertain the delegates to the American Federation of Labor convention, held in Denver. I was present at nearly all the meetings of this committee but I failed to see Mr. Chalmers at any of them. I have nothing whatever to say against this gen tleman any more than that he. at the pres ent time, is not a representative of organ ized labor, and we want and must have an active member of labor’s cause and not a passive "has been.” Outside of the labor members, there are some good men on this committee of twen ty. men who have been fighting for years for an honest city and state administra tion and for clean politicis, but these gen tlemen seem to be tainted with class preju dice ; they do not seem to think that any body but a "business" or "professional" man is capable of holding public office. As a matter of fact, some of the ablest public servants this state has ever had have come from the ranks of labor. It is true that once in a great while an organ ized labor man is elected to an office that he is not quite big enough man to fill, but these are few and far between, and our enemies make the most of it when such a calamity occurs, but what about the fail ures among the business and professional men that are constantly occurring? Peo ple seem to take these as a matter of course, so that it causes no comment what ever. The ability of a public officer elected from the ranks of labor has to be above the average of our public servants to satisfy labor’s critics, and as a general rule it is. The members of organized labor in our last legislature had no trouble holding their own in both the senate and house. Organized labor and the Trades As sembly committee must make a determined stand and insist that one of the proposed water commissioners is an active card man. because it is the only guarantee that we have of having union conditions prevail, should the proposed purchase of the water plant by the city be successfully consum mated. ♦ ♦♦♦♦ HISTORY INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIA TION OF MACHINISTS. In no form of thought has the wisdom ( of ages manifested itself when creating adage or proverb than In that which it shows how great achievements come from %mall beginnings. It would almost seem that throughout the ages, the smaller the beginning of any great move ment of importance, the greater the re sult when the fullness of time decreed a harvest. Though this is marked by many ; modern instances, no instance is more | pronounced than that exhibited by the i origin, rise and growth of the Interna- l tlonal Association of Machinists. Start- 1 Ing very humbly a little more than a de- i cade ago. it has reached proportions not i dreamed of by Its founders. This organization had a very humble i origin Indeed. It came into existence i without any beating of drums, or any great revolution of nature. The sun did ! not stand still, neither was the veil of the temple rent. Nothing occurred but 1 Its o\yn creation. On a May morning in i 1NS8, or to t>e more accurate, on May the I LABOR AS WE SOPE TO SOON SEE IT. sth. five machinist were at work be neath a locomotive! in the shops of East Tennessee. VirginUl and Georgia railroad in Atlanta, Ga.. ar. : as is usually the case, when men he- • a job of this na ture. the opportunity i? taken advantage of to discuss matters of current interest or importance, splr; yarns and have a quiet social time f-neralfcy. These five tnen. however. har-Vned to be of a seri ous turn of mind nd discussed matters of importance to their craft. Among other things that came up for discussion was the advisability and necessity of craft organization The necessity of this impressed itself so strongly upon their minds that they and there decided to form a Local t nion of Machinists. A meeting was i.eld that night and the germ that came nto existence beneath the locomotive materialized, and an or ganization was formed. It bore the euphonious name of the United Machinist and Mechanical Engi neers. and bore it until the first conven tion of the new rganization was held, this taking place a year from date, and in the same city, namely: in Atlanta, in May. ISSS. Though only a year in exist ence the organiz. 'ion showed 34 lodges on its register, nd had penetrated 14 states, which sta s sent representatives to the convention The next cot ention was held in Louisville. Kv ginning on May sth. IS9O. when the a>~ >ciation showed on its roster 91 lodges. - presenting every state in the Union, as veil as Canada, three lodges having bi ti established in that country, nameky »t Stratford. Montreal and Winnipeg. e organization having now assumed an lternationnl character, the name was eh. ged from National As sociation of Mac nists to International Association, whirl name it still bears. A great many onstitutional changes took place at th. Pittsburg convention, which in no sma degree contributed to the success of the »rganization today. Up to this time th. more silent features were those of a aternal or secret so ciety. with very 1 Lie to identify it as a trade union, but he change above re ferred to altered is and it became more closely identified vlth the labor move ment. The next conv. ion was held the year following in the yof Chicago, and by this time the V xican line had been crossed and the organization had 253 lodges. This wa in 1593. No convention as held in the year 1594. as the men 'rship, by referendum vote, decided it ■ a unnecessary, so the next convention is held in Cincinnati, beginning May t. . 1595. At this con vention 436 lodg. were on the roster. It was at this c ivention that the next great forward stei was taken, for the or ganization made . plication for member ship in the Amor an Federation of La bor and was acc< »ted. It may be said from now on the International Associa tion of Machinists became thoroughly in touch with the great labor movement of this continent; i was also decided at this convention that future biennial meet ings should be h d. Governed by this rule the next convention was held in Kansas City. Mo in 1897. The next convention was held In Buf falo in 1899. and It was here decided that in view of the splendid work done in Canada by the organization, the next ■ convention was held in the City of To- j : ronto, Canada, on Monday. June 3d. 1901. i I and continued in session until June 17th. j • This was the year that our organization > • was conducting the nine-hour movement i » throughout the country, a great many t strikes being on while the convention i was in session. It became necessary for ? quite a number of the prominent dele - gates to return to their respective locali ; ties in the interest of the men on strike. : The machinery of our organization was i considerably reorganized, and quite a j [ number of new features added. One of I s these being the adoption of vice-presi r dents as organizers. J The next convention was held in the city of Milwaukee, Wis., in the year 1903, ? beginning Monday. May 4th. and con -1 linued In session for 12 days. This was i • a notable convention, being one of the largest ever held in the history of our \ ' organization. Two more vice-presidents; ■ were added as permanent organizers and j • this was the last convention where the ‘ • Grand Lodge officers were elected upon 1 the floor of the convention. 1 The next convention was held in the i • city of Boston. Mass. This was the first s convention held after the adoption of the ; 1 referendum system for electing Grand; ? Lodge officers. At the time of the con vention no result had yet been an i nounced as to whom the new officers . might be. Later the Election committee j s was enjeined from counting the ballots, j ? which resulted in many of the present j » officers serving four years on a two-year' t term. 1 At the Boston convention it was de- j ; elded to hold the next convention in the \ . city of St. Louis, whenever the member • ship decided to hold a convention by ref- 1 erendum vote. The result of this vote was in favor of calling the convention, i ; which convened in St. Ixiuis. Monday. . September 9th. 1907. > This being the 12th bienuial conven- j > lion of our association it was called to \ •- order in the Druids hall. St. lwouis. Mo.. - at 10 o’clock a. m . Sept. 9th. and lasted j i to Sept. 19. 1907. There were many - changes made in our laws at this ineet • ing. One of the best laws that was - adopted was the Day's Pay Assessment, which was to run for three years, begin • ning with January. 1908. each member was to pay an amount equal to a day’s i pay. this was to be payable each year for ! three years, and at that time our mem bers were fully employed all over the • land, as the country was at the height of i its prosperity, but the delegates had • hardly reached their homes, and got fair . ly rested up from their trip, when the • panic came on and hit our members about as hat'd, if not harder, in some lo- L calittes. than any other craft, but as we - were nearing the time for the Denver • convention to be called to order we - could look back over the past two years l and point with pride to the splendid nian - ner in which our organization weathered i the storm. During that time we have f had several expensive strikes to fight, t which terminated in our favor. We fur ther paid every obligation that was con « traded by our organization, as well as i paying several thousand dollars in death benefits to our deceased members, and - at the conclusion of the St. Louis meet- I ing it was decided that the convention • would convene in Denver. Colo., the sec t end raonday in September. 1909. DO IT NOW No. 20 EMPLOYER’S LIABILITY Wage=Earners Should Vote As They Talk. +++ + + In previous issues of The BULLETIN we have attempted to point out some of the iniquities of the present laws regulating the liability of employers for personal in juries to employes and to illustrate by example the injustice of those laws in operation as applied to indi\iduai cases. Such illustrations can be continued by the thousands without exhausting the records of industrial accidents for a single month. Our pur pose has been accomplished if we have succeeded in arousing the interest of those who have read these articles in the important question of securing adequate protection for employes. Organized labor has been so constantly engaged in trying to secure a fair day’s work, and in trying to perfect their own organizations that it is not surprising that they have given so little attention to the other question. Unionism is now so well established among laboring men and women, and labor is so well organized that it is high time to agitate this question until adequate protec tion to life and limb becomes an accomplished fact. The American people are justly proud of our industrial progress, but industrial progress is purchased too dear if it is obtained at the price of industrial slavery. The business world has so controlled and manipulated legislation and judicial decisions in this country that those who toil with their hands are producing an amount of wealth which would have seemed fabulous in any previous period of the world’s history, but when the toilers have produced the wealth, the schemers take it away from them. In trying to obtain just laws for the physical safety of employes, we encounter the same difficulties and meet with the same obstacles which prevent just laws for the protection of men against capital in every department of industrial activity. What is needed is to revolutionize popular opinion, to establish new standards and hold up before the people new ideals of human great ness. It is necessary to instill into the minds of laboring men and women a just sense of the essential nobility of mere manhoed and womanhood, and a just appreciation of the real dignity of labor. Why should fifty thousand men toil and sweat in unsanitary conditions and in unsafe places to work in order to enrich the Armour family Why should the Penn sylvania coal barons be permitted to reap millions upon millions, which they never earned, but which unjust laws permit them to wrest from the honest toil of men who slave and drudge in the darkness and danger of a coal mine Why should men. women and children in every department of human activity produce the wealth and then not only turn it over to a non-producing class but produce it under unsanitary and dangerous conditions which can be easily remedied? This ill adjustment of the relations of labor to capital can be remedied in only one way, and that remedy will come, if it comes at all, by the laboring people themselves becoming politically active. Let the members of organized labor study industrial and social conditions in America and compare those conditions with the conditions in the various countries of the world. Let them study American laws upon the labor question and compare them with the laws on the same subject in other countries and they will discover, if they have not discovered it before, that there is less industrial freedom among the wage-earners of America than they themselves have realized. This knowledge would be a stepping stone to that political activity which is necessary to secure sound legislation and im } partial courts. So long as you continue electing corporation magnates to make your laws and corporation lawyers to interpret them, the present deplorable conditions will continue. No one but a fool would expect such men as Aldrich and Cannon and Hughes and Guggenheim to legislate for the protection of employes against their employers. He would, indeed, be a fool who would expect a lawyer whose professional life has been devoted to the service of utility corporations in stealing franchises, corrupting the ballot, unjustly influencing courts and legislatures, manipulating juries, counselling and advising claim agents, whose business it is to fix the evidence in advance and in making it safe for corporations to injure, defraud and kill their victims. I say. he would be a fool who would expect employes to get much sympathy from such a man when he has been elevated to the bench. The remedy is plain, you need to wake up and those who think they are awake had better pinch themselves to make sure of it. Stop bowing and cringing and scrap ing before the idle rich: stop worshiping at the shrine of the golden calf; stop taking off your hats to thieves in high places; stop voting for those whom you know will do all in their power to further fasten the chains of industrial slavery. Organize for po litical action: vote for your own interests and not against them. When your interests are at stake, stand together; forget petty differences but never forget that you are members of a great body of employes who are the victims of hard conditions created by vour masters. Make yourselves felt as a political power and you can secure sound laws. Every laboring man and woman should feel a sense of personal humili ation and shame that they sit quietly by and permit American legislation for the pro tection of wage-earners to lag a generation behind the legislations of Europe in so many respects, 'l ou have relied upon politicians and they have betrayed you; you have relied upon the public press and it has misrepresented you; you have relied upon the pulpit, and it has misunderstood you. If you would succeed you must rely upon yourselves. Sustain your own cause at all times and at all hazards; fight the enemies of that cause at all times and under all conditions; and give no qu^"3er 4 SHORT HISTORY OF DENVER LODGE NO. 47, I. A. of M. In the early '^o s there were a few ma chinists in the city of Denver who or ganized themselves into a local organiza ; tion which was more of a social organiza tion than a labor organization, for at that time the National Association of Machinists had not been organized. This did not take place until May 5th. 1S8S. On Nov. sth. I$9". Denver Lodge No. -17 was organized and worked under the jurisdiction of the National Association of Machinists until the reorganization of the parent body, which took place at the convention held in Louisville. Ky. The change was made ou May llth. 1891. since which time the organization has been known as the International Associa tion of Machinists The local in Denver has grown from a handful of members until at the present time the local has a good standing mem bership of 550. The organization has se cured several increases in pay for its members, also good shop conditions. The local pays a sick benefit, which is a great help to its members when sick and in need. At the present time the lodge is just recovering from a 10 months' strike of its members on the Denver & Rio Grande railroad, which we are pleased to say terminated in favor of all concerned. Have just succeeded in securing a new agreement with a three-cent per hour raise on the Rio Grande railroad, also a new agreement and four cents per hour Increase on the Colorado & Southern Incorporating the Denver Label League Bulletin H dims Owned and published by the Denver Label League No. 1, in the interest of Organized Labor. By C. A. IRWIN. railroad, a new agreement and three cents per hour increase on the Union Pacific railroad, which makes these rail roads pity 40 cents per hour in Deliver. We. are initiating new members uud reinstating dropped members at each meeting and expect to see our member ship increase very fust In the next year as machinists are beginning to realize that it is to their best interest to be come members of their craft. The local main tains an office at Its headquarters in s<>J Club building. where all traveling members report when ar riving In the city and ascertain the con ditions and chances for employment. All of the railroads in this city tele phone to this office when machinists are needed, also quite a number of the con tract shops In the city do the sume, ami in that way we keep our members pretty well employed and we hope in tbu near future to see the machinists in the con tract shops in this city receiving the same increase in pay as our railroad brot hers. ♦+♦ ♦ + A justice of the Supreme court of N»-v York declares that a wife is not ouUllet to more than half what bur hushatu earns Hut, blesa your heart, what a« count does the average woman take of the uverage things a mere Judge may say? Hands off! ♦ Obey punctually, speak frosty. The answer of Jeremy lleotbeui, the groat English law critic, when asked what constitute* a cood ettiieit.