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Denver Jewish News
Vol. V. Isaac M. Wise Centenary Anniversary AimKKSN BY RKV. HICNICY BEK KOWITZ OF I*IIILAI>KIJ*HIA. Tlu* Oiio Hundredth Anniversary ol the birth of the Hov. I»r. Isaac Mayor Wise is 1 icing commemorated by a sjk*- cial session of tin* Central Conference of American Itabbis, to In* licM in ('in einuati, April 2 to 7. Bill). The an niversary address was delivered last evening in the I‘luin Street Temple from tin* pulpit occupied by Dr. Wise for nearly half a century. 'Flic honor of delivering the address was bestowed on the How Or. Henry Berkowitz. itaiitii of ltodcph Shalom Congregation, Philadelphia, and Chan cellor of the Jewish Chautauqua So ciety. After an introductory address by Or. I.ouis Crossmun. pn*sident of tlie Conference, Dr. Berkowitz spoke on Or. Wise as “The Pioneer leader of American Israel.” lie reviewed the, century and pointed out tliree great tides of influence that entered into the life currents of the times, by which the career of Or. Wise was mightily determined. These were the forces that inaugurated, first, the political emancipation, second, the in tellectual freedom, and finally the re ligious reformation of the Jew from Medievalism. Into these currents Or. Wise directed the course of his |*oo pie. The rare gifts with which he hud liepil endowed gave him the vis ion—clearer than that of any of his contemporaries; and the vigor, more lusty in energy and more powerful in execution—that made hint, us all now .freely acknowledge, the pioneer lead er of American Israel. Ills independent spirit revolted against the galling restrictions under which the Jews of Bohemia lived and, in IS4P. a young man of 27. he ven tured forth with wife and child to America. Perhaps tin* most pathetic moment in the history of the young immigrant, was that of the disillusion ment which came to him op his land ing. When face to face with the sordidness and pettiness of the reali ties. ills heart sank and gloom en veloped his soul. Out of this torpor lie was roused hy Dr. Max Lilleiithal. (lien off ((dating in New York. "The impression I received in the Lilleiithal home." he wrote later, “perhaps de cided my career in America." It was then that lie proved himself tin* man of far-reaching vision Like , Moses, whom the Midrash portrays as on ling his eyes from Ml. Neho over : the Promised Isind. and forecasting tlu* great events there to come to pass, j so Dr. Wise planned a glorious future lor Israel in America. With character- I ivtic vigor he set himself at once to transforming his vision Into a reality- j He un- to transform the Jew in Aiuer- j ica into an American Jew. He lound , the Jew here still a European. There were Sephardic Jews, Hutch .lews. Polish Jews. Herman Jews. Koch group kept up the distinct Minlmgim or modes of worship, languages and customs. The timid, hunted temped of the European Ghetto still clung to them—wlmni Longfellow depleted as ••The Ishinaels and Unguis of man kind." To raise the Jew to self-conscious ness, to make him realize that he. the heir of noble traditions, nan come at last into the* heritage of freedom and was no longer an outcast ; to make him lift up his head and walk erect, a man among men: to feci in every pulsebeat of the Jewish heart an an swering throb to the inspirations of the New World—this was the ambi tion that fired the heroic soul of our Master. Into that capse lie flung him self unselfishly and labored tor its achievement from 1848 to his death. As the pioneer leader of that courageous fight, he soon recognized that indiv idual and spasmodic efforts were un availing. Therefore, in* plead, argued, labored, tried, failed and tried again and again, until at last. In 187.‘t. ho succeeded in organizing the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, with its- Board of Delegates on Civil and l.cllginllS Itighls. 111 tln* heart Ilf lliis achievement lay II si ill deeper purpose. Tim l nion was to bring In American laiael its vital participation in that second trend or mighty influences that had come to recreate the .intellectual life of the world. In I lie spirit of the great ra tionalistic .Jewish philosophers. l>r. Wise set himself, slong wtlh the oilier creative minds of his day. to separ ate the false from the true in the great mental upheaval that followed the discovery of the principle of evo lution. He wrole a number of vul iinhie treatises. Hid he was not content therewith. lta was pre-eminently a teacher. In tin* columns of his two great journals, the Americau Israe lite and llle Deborah, he popularized | a knowledge of the new seiernv of Judaism. From earliest days, lie kept Ids clear vision bent with wrapt in ' lent on one definite goal, the found ing of a School for the Training of ! kahhis and Teachers. It was not un ; til 1x75 that this purpose was ful ! filled, when the Hebrew Dnion t’ol ! lege was opened in t’lneinnati.* From j its balls have graduated two hun dred Kabbis. Thru them, the whole educational movement umoiig Ameri ! can Jews has been dins*ted along modern lines. The inevitable outcome was the founding of the reform of religion up on a definite and firm basis. From tin* first. I)r. Wise clearly saw tha£ life was creating in this land a new fieople—American Israel. He became the avowed champion of an American Judaism. While others discussed tin* relative merits of the Sephardic, Pol ish or Herman prayer books, he dis carded. them all as alien to the new spirit and he produced the “Minting America,*’ pioneer of all like efforts which were finally harmonized in the Cnion Prayer book. His zeal and ini-; tintive imiiellcd him to introduce most j of the Reforms now prevalent, yet he [ was not prompted by an overmastering individualism. On the contrary # lie labored untiringly for years to secure the consensus of Itabinic wisdom and effort. It required a new generation of ltubhr& —homogeneous in training and imbued with the American spirit. Thus came into being his last great creation, the Central Conference of American Itabbis, over which lie pre sided ten years until Ids death. In a stirring peroration. Dr. Berk owitz pictured the spirit of Dr. Wise, the pioueer, still impelling to Cnion and now active in the united efforts of all branches of American Israel to bring the blessings of political eman cipation to Jews in all lands. He told of the delegates of the Conference and the Cnion now in Paris tailoring to secure such an article in the covenant of the League of Nations. The collapse of ihe centers of Jewish learning abroad places upon American Israel the onus of future leadership in Jew ish education. The free spirit of the New education must Inevitably lead to the spread of that reform which aims to bring religion and life into honest conformity. The old autocracy that bound the Synagog to a final code is destined to fall because there is no final code. The law of unfold- , meiit reveals the values of the gifts or each age to the religious life of the i race. Our age is witnessing the glor ious fulfillment of the prophetic words with which Dr. Wise spake his vale dictory to the Conference on his 80th birthday. “All thinking men and wom en will, within a quarter century, rec ognize in the ethical monotheism of the Hebrew prophets, which is the es sence of our reform, the true religion for mankind.” The war has taught nations the supremacy of the moral law. Today, the visions of Micah and Isaiah tor disarmament, arbitration and justice have become the practical issues of our statesmen. At such a time, reactionaries are heart! ridicul ing tin* mission of Israel; Socialist- Nationalists declare religion negligible and subordinate to race, nationality and culture. The whole unselfish ca reer of our great leader Inspires us, in the fa<*e of these false outcries, to face the future Inspired by new cour age and exalted by new hope. LARGE SUM ENTRUSTED TO BARUCH. Washington—President Wilson Ims placed sir*o,ooo at the disposal of Bar nard M. Baruch, to he spent as he "may find necessary.” as technical ad viser of the Peace Commission at Paris. The money was a lot ted from the Na tional Security and Defense Fund of jjpoo,ooo,ooo, which was placed at the disposal of the President by Congress in April, 11)17. The Sundry Civil act. making appropriations for the fiscal year of 1010, also made $.10.000,000 available for national security and de fense. to Im* spent on order of the I’resident. SCIENTIST DIES. Science in France Ims sustained a great loss by the death of Dr. Hippo lyte Kernheim. Honorary I’rofessor at the Faculty of Medicine of Nancy, and Officer of the Legion of Honour. Professor Hernheim was celebrated tliruout the world by his studies on hypnotism: he was the founder of the Psychological school at Nancy and the creator. In France, of psychiatry. One loose cord loosens many.—Tal mud. RUMOR OF BOLSHEVIST RISING IN ARGENTINE RESULTS IN POGROMS IN BUENOS AIRES. | Head Buried in Common Brave, Aged .Men and Sirk Women, Beaten. Zion- In! Organization Finally Disprove* Bolshevism Charge and Ends Po groms. j IVtails have just la*en received by the Zionist Organization of America of a pogrom, in Buenos Aire*, Ar gentine. on January Hilt last, with all the usual Hast Kuro|»ean features, when durum a strike, a rumor was spread that the ••walk-out” was the beginning of a Bolshevist revolution incited by the Jews. Kven articles of worship were torn oj»en to make certain they contained no dynamite. The Zionist Federation of Argentine, which has made an official report of the pogrom to the American organi zation is unable to estimate the num ber of killed, In•eause the police were busy all of one night removing corpses I*rotn the streets of the Jewish quar ter, and burying the victims in a com mon grave. It was only the energetic intervention of the Zionist Federation of Argentine, which enjoys diplomatic relations With the government and with representatives of foreign gov ernments that prevent (Hi cite pogrom from having even more tragic results But the fire of hatred still flares, and the Jews are seriously contemplating emigration. “The pogrom had the* effect of uui lying the Jewish community. llealiz iug tiie importance of tin* Zionist Fed eration. all, even its opponents, came to it for protection. Directors of the !. ('. A., tin* representative of tin* He foriucd Temple. amL the Jewish stud ent element all turned to the Federa tion to take (lie pro|a*r steps to stem lids anti-Semitic out-hurst. I’nder the leadership of tin* Federation there was organized a committee of tin* Jewish Community which began act ing cnei g -tieally. OFFICIAL POLAND INDIGNANT AT JEWISH PRESUMPTION. (By I. J. P. B.) Pari*—DcouiiHo'nro in Poland laid dared to take their grievances l»e -lore the Penet l (.’onfcrenwatl'Hris, and l*ecause of the consequent sympathy created all over the world for the rec ent victims of Polish atrocities, l>ep uty (iloinhinsk.v, speaking in Parlia ment. for the government made an indignant. tho veiled at tacked against Polish .lews, calling them malicious accusers, and Ih*s lulrchcrs of Poland’s good name, lie argued that in making of the Jewish question there, an international prol» loin, an issue for the League of Nil lions, to he dealt with nr the Pi»M<*e Conference, those representatives Ked uhout Pogroms in Poland and soiught to discredit the country liefore the world. Hitherto denying the existence of a Jewish Question in Poland, and suppressing so far as possible, all re ports as to Pogroms, tilomhiusky now claimed that Pogroms in Poland, were a purely national question, a strictly private affair for Poland alone to den' with. He ended his fiery attack with a motion that Poland appoint a com mission of l.» to investigate Jewish grievances. Of all the Jewish l»eis utles, Noah Prilucski. of the peoples party, was the only one to object to the appointment of such a commis sion. In a counter-attack against the 1 olish tioverninent, he accused it of giving offieial aid and encouragement to all nnti-semitic persecutions against Jews, and of her attitude hetore the world of friendliness to tho Jews, as being masked and insincere.. ORTHODOX JEWS HAVE CHIEF RABBI AFTER 17 YEARS. „ New York—The orthodox Jewish congregations of flie United Staten, ufter being nearly seventeen years without a chief rabbi, aguin have an official heuring that title with Uu in stallation Tuesday night of Dr. Alim ham Aaron Jmlelowvltch, formerly ot Boston. The ceremony of installation was witnessed by nearly 12.000 rubliis from all imrls of the United States at the Synagog Schaari Shumoyim. "AGUDATH ISROEL" PLAN TAL MUDIC ACADEMY IN JERUSALEM. (By I. J. P. B.) London—Agudath Israel. tlirn their recently-opened Bureau at Zurich. Switzerland, which was a result of the Congress of Orthodox .lews, hue resolved to f«>uml a Talmudic Academy ut Jerusalem. The aim will be to get she most highly equipped Rabbis of the day. as teachers for the Academy: and it is hoped tlds Academy will be come. iu time, the* most important Rabbinical Seminary iu the World. Wednesday, April 2, 1919 COMMEMORATION ODE On the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Itirth of Imar M. Wise. .Muster, thy disciples send This soul-message to .'their Friend: Wo ure come from far uud near. Just to say we hold time dear. Hut the pilgrimage we make To the tomb for thy sweet sake In not merely to attest How our love of thee is hlest: Nor to chant tin* Kaddish quaint. For our Hahhl-I'atroi^Saint. And the llullcl to intone Are we at thy headstone prone; For the plighted l’aith we prest When we bedded thee to rest On thy pallid lips we would Reaffirm in rev’rent mood! With nidified bunds we swear That thy standard still we hear: That imdimmed thy spirit shines O'er a thousand pulpit-shrines; .That unfnlt’rlngly we plod Toward the altar-flairs of find; That wo feel thy presence near. When assailed by donht and fear. As a har of eloud. bj uay. Thou still leadest us our way; As a bar of flame, by night. Thou art still our beacon light !- A new Most's, thy commands All tl»y people understands. Awed by thy transfigured fare, l'riests and Levltes pray for gruee; Dazzled by seraphic-glow. Aet they venture near to go And the Tablet Twain they tuko I.ut to eherish. not to lireuk. With (Soil's finger thou didst write For the modern Israelite A New Version of the Freed That has served his erstwhile need. Keen-eyed Prophet that thou wast. None of thy Isdiests jre lost: To this glorious promised land Thou didst guide our Pilgrim hand ; Read the Ancient Cotie anew; Flash its precepts clear to view; Preach like Kara to disdain •Foreign lives'* tliai mmle us rain; And complete allegiance give To the Stale wherein we live! Hullowed by thy spirit still. We art' pledged to ilatiiy will: Hear uloft the torch which fell From thy grasp, Gamaliel 1 Kindle each Hebraic soul To Its God-appointed goal. That the Flag of Faith may fly Proudly in American sky! Visioned in our dreams, thou art Nearer to our yearning iieart. I.o! our mystic ear lias caught Bath-Kol whispers of thy thought; A)id our spirit-fancy brings Messages on gossamer-wings, in the cadences of prayer Wistfully we sense tliee there; C’er the runes of cryptic lore Still we see thee bend and pore; And we hear thy voice; it sways All. thru these GenumukiL l>uys; And we feel the dear caress Gf thy hand upraised to bless; And we know that all is well. Wise lives on in Israel! —George Alexander Kohut in Ameri can Israelite. APPEAL FROM POLAND TO SCANDINAVIAN CENTRAL RELIEF COMMITTEE. (By I. J. P. B.) Copenhagen—Tin* Central Relief committee of Poland ami Lithuania sont nn urgent appeal for help to tin* Scandinavian CVntral Relief Commit* 100 at Copenhagen, in which tho situa lion of tho .lows in those countries is represented us desperate. Prices, tlte appeal claimed, wore high be.voud be lief, and food was nowhere to l>e had. All business negotiations were at a stand still, so that thousands ot small dealers were without occu putiou und without bread. Further more. it looked ns tl««* many institu tions—particularly the Talmud Torahs and Yeshivas—would have to bo elos ed. All this in face of the fact that relief funds and all sources of help in Poland, were utterly exhausted. The appeal ended with the statement, that eonditiems there are growing worse every day. and that if a collo»«l cut ustroplic Ls to Im* averted, help must coine at once. To avoid such a cal amity, and to prevent the collapse of Ihe relief system in F.urope. the Scan dinavian committee will turn tor help to the joint distribution committee of New York. A vhry unusual occasion in tlio af fairs of Jowlsh congregational lift* of Now York City was the special Ser vice of Welcome held by the New Synagog. Broadway and Seventy-sixth street, to greet tlie hundred new mem bers and their families who Joined the -congregation within the preceding six weeks. The New Synagog was or ganized by Rabbi Kphrajm Frisch in June. 1015, with a nucleus of ten lay men. Norman Hapgood On Jewish Commonwealth PRESIDENT OK THE LEAGUE OK FREE NATIONS ASSOCIATION. Zionism Is, in nnt‘ iosp*s-t at leflst, .is interesting to other peoples us it Is to .lews. If we leave out the re ligious basis for it. it still lias a per leetly sound foundation in tlie essen tial prineiples of democracy. Jieiuo eracy can be conceivesl in two ways: one is a process of standardization, of increasing uniformity, or wiping out all the differences that have made the past picturesque and multiform, and ushering in a period when every one thinks alike, dresses alike, and lias similar customs. The other and more fertile met lust of conceiving It includes the encouragement of the special traits of different individuals, nations and races. From this point of view it would be a great misfortune tor the Chinese, the Hindoos, the Run siuns, the Germans, the French, the Italians, and the British to IsM-ome practically uniform in their mental pro cesses and in the gifts thut they de velop. Progress lias consisted in the development of different attributes of which the most useful and interesting are kept alive. In my opinion the two most notable ruce?4 (hut we have had sinoe the dawn of history are the Ancient Greeks and the Jews. The Greeks had more artistic quality amt intellectual brilliancy than guy other people, hut the Greek civilization and Greek gen ius disap|M»ared. The Jews, who have provided the religious and el Ideal in spiration and (orientation of the mod em world, have shown a supreme |s»wer to survive. In spite of their being scattered for centuries and sub ject* to the fiercest, persecution, us .veil as to the temptation of comfort that lay in merging themselves thru inter marriage, they have persisted as a distinct people, and their influence on world thought is vastly out of proportion to thoirfinuibers. It would l,e a misfortune to the future* to have these traits dlsap|H*ar, and It [ is froiii (Ids angle of Pciiiiicritcy a* n vuried and interesting system of life. | thut Gentiles are as much interested in Zionism us arc Jews. Incidentally u possihlp interest of Zionism for non-Jews may Is* found in the link Ik*tween Eastern and Western methods of thinking that Pal i stino may offer. The Jews ure an , Oriental people largely oceidentallzed. With Arubiu and Armenia free, the near East- will play a large role in the culture and ulso In the practical utfuirs of the world. The mutual In* I tlucnce of Orient and Ocehhoit will j i*e more likely to Ik* peaceful and help ful thru the existence of this <*onnect -1 lug link of thought; and this point. | in tin* present relations of Europe and ! Jsja, may well develop int# high im : (M.rtance. 1 In what I liuve said it is implied that Zionism makes for the preserva ! tioa of characteristic Jewish traits. | This seems to la* Indisputable. The 1 Zionist Movement is not primarily a • materialistic movement. It is u spirit uul movement. It is based on the de sire of the Jew* to have a center for their natural civilization, for their characteristic culture. The Hebrew language, which in the opinion of some great scholars comes next to Greek in richnesu, is to he the lan guage of the* Jewish population in Palestine; a Hebrew T'niversity is 1 under way. The soil is poor; life is hard; and most of the people who go : to Palestine will go because of ideals | that move them. Not only will Pal -1 estine hs an ideal be a roul encour ! sgement to the best things in the Jew ish genius, hut It also will tend to prevent the Jewish traits from running into undesirable attributes. We all | know that every individual and every ! nation has the defects of Its good ! qualities. The strenuousncsH and de termination of the Jews, rightly di rected. make for the strongest ami most elevated conduct. Wrongly di rt ctcd by unfavorable circumstances, they make for a certain roughness in ilie race that 1 am confident will become rapidly less when the Jewish mind all over the world is focussed on its ideal home ami when it no longer feels itself to Ik* a people with no center of its own. Tills does not mean, of course, that any attempt will lie made to get all the Jews to Pal estine. It does not matter how many are there, and indeed uo very large population could be supported there. The misunderstanding of this fact often makes trouble among those who are poorly Informed about the mean ing of Zionism. Including some who should have a better understanding. ' For instance. Representative Kahn of California, writing in the New York Timex, says: ’There is the practical objection—against the huddling to gether in a confined 'territory of en ornionx numbers of'tin* .lewish jm*o p|e. As every one ktirns, Palestine is small; it eonld never support tin* millions of Jews who live in countries where Jewish persecution is a matter of common wcurence. Tliat huddling together lias had a baneful effect in Itiissia. Itunuiiiiu. Calieia. and Poland. The result would lie a continuance of these disadvantages in the proposed new home.” No Zionist of a spark of intelligence intends any such huddling, or intends any forcing of Jews to Palsetine. or any appeal to any except such as are led li.v race-idealism, on the on» hand, or by the need of getting away front .“.u unsuitable environment, on the ether. .Mr. Kahn’s prominence and influ ence i»orhups make it desirable that I should correct some of his other mis takes, for the lienefit of others who may not understand the real nature ami probable effects of Zionism. Mr. Kahn says: ’The Jews of Pal estine are a small minority of the pop ulation. Will the other people who live there consent to domination by this minority?” No body intends to ask such consent. Palestine will be autonomous, with equal opportunity for all. The Jews |»ellove their energy and aspirations and culture will give them the ieadcr • sldp. l have soon no n*que.*t to the Powers for special favors to tin* Jew ish population. 1 take it that if any other race wishes to found a Univers ity in any other language it will is* free to do so, or in any other way to gain intellectual or political leader ship. Numbers alone do not give the Inst word in a region like Palestine, where the component parts of the imp utation are in such different states of development, but the Jews would certainly not try to force Jewish vul ture on other peoples, even if the v.hole matter were nor under the supervision of the League of Nations. This is eharaeteristie of the critic isms leveled at Zionism, in that it takes a purely imaginary view of tlie facts. The objection that Mr. Katin puts first is perhupx the one that has the easiest popular ap|M>al. He says: Tt creates a divided allegiance, as !*•- tween our country anil its Stars and Stripes and Zion with its white flag with the blue star. The Zionists, even in tills country. are bent upon fol lowing their flag. The real American Jew knows hut one flag, the Stars and Stripes. The American Jew sings the Star-Spangled lliumer as his na •ionul anthem. The Zionist sings "The Hutikvah” as ids." Now as a (natter of fact the citizenship of the Jews is constantly, allho almost always un fairly. criticized today. Zionism promises to decrease this erlt’eisni. not to increase it. Who questions the Americanism of our friend Patrick tx»- catisc of liis warm sentiment for Ire land? Was it wrong for C’oi. ltoose velt to lie proud of his Dutch blood ! Is it wrong for me to he interested in my Knglish tradition? I>oes Mr. Coudert’s French culture hurt his Americanism? No. Such backgrounds do not lessen patriotism. They enrich it. Between two Jews, one of whom takes no interest in the notable and exceptional qualities of ids race, and the other of whom is alive with the ticautiex of Isaiah and with the vision of further services rendered to man by Jewish spiritual thought, do not tell me that the former will make a finer, more elevated, more contrlhn tive American than the latter. If three miiilou idealists live in Pales tine they will hold up a torch, need ed in a world tending toward uni formity. They cannot possibly by the vision they portray tempt the Ameri can Jew away from devotion to the l>est in American civilization: the suggestion of such a danger is ridi culous enough to carry its refutation on its face. Mr. Kahn’s remaining argument is that, persecution, in those count res A-liere Jews are Mow persecuted, would he excused uml Increased by In my opinion the exact opposite would happen. We hope to bring about a great spiritual broadening thru the Covenunt of the nations. Will the Americans want to throw out the Poles or Czekhs because there are now to he a free Poland and a free Bo hemia? Will these people be tin* worse for looking across the seux to a free homeland of their language and their peculiar culture? Why should the jews alone he hurt by knowing tliut the country to which they trace their hfptory is still there, uspiring and free? Let us close with a word about the No. 14. TRUE AMERICANS AND FAITHFUL JEWS. ( liaplain Richmond, Formerly Rabbi at Trini(la«L Colo., Thus Chararter ixes “Boys'* Overseas. In n letter which llit* Zionist Hr gnntzution <»r America has just re • eived from Chaplain Murry IC. Itich inoml. who is with tin* American Ex peditionary Forces in France, Clm|i* lain ICielimond reports that at a meut ing which lie arranged at Kmhnrka tion rump Bone Sect. li •’Somewhere in Fnim*e." he secured the enrollment us shekel payers of eigtuy-two young nett who did not find Zionism Incom patihle with Americanism, Chaplain ICielimond writes that not only did every Jewish young man at tlie par tieular meeting beeome a shekel pay er. hut that the Protestant Chaplain, t•. M. Whitmore, asked for the priv ilege of |»eing the first nn’ii on the list. Chaplain ICielimond writes further: •The enthusiasm was all-compelling and I only wish that the parents of these young sailors could see them on that night assembled in a Protestant t liii|m*l to hold Jewish services, in spired by a religious fervor that is characteristic of energetic Americans and true Jews. 1 am anxious that lids incident should be known widely, so that the young men and women •night lie inspired by their uct and so that their parents may know that their sons, thn thousands of miles away from them, are yet linked to litem by the th*s of a common heritage and a common hope; so that Jewry may know that their sons, the com ing Judaeans, are not only true Amer icans but also faithful Jews, and that they are in the same breath ready to die for Americu. if need be. and to live for Zion.** immediate method of securing uiid safeguarding this home of culture und of aspiration. 1 huvc Ihh*u interwtwl in Zionism for many years, liut dur ing the last four years my attention has Ih*cu given particularly to the imlliicut aspect of it as affected hy the world war. and during those four years 1 have l*s*n discussing it with influential Jews and non-Jews in dif ferent countries. If seems to me per fectly apparent that the safety of the Palestine State and its ability to de velop in Its own way de|H»nd on the creation of a stuvessful League of Na tions. It depends on the harmony of man. Tliis is true of ail small coun tries. and indeed of all countries, great and small. If the coun tries are to put; their energy into thinking aliout how they can protect themselves from onslaughts of force, they are not going to turn their prin cipal energies to developing what is most Itcuntiful and original in their intellectual and spiritual possibilities, if we have a Ixuigue of Nations suc cessful enough to remove this fear from mankind, we may expect ex tremely interesting growths in art. literature, economics, religion, ethics, and political welfare in many differ ent countries taking many different directions. In none of the new small er states will this Is* more true than In Palestine. If Asia Minor is going to he a football of contending ambi tions the ideal side of the Zionist movement is likely to be mostly swamped in complications that no one can foresee. If. however, the world proves equal to the task of introduc ing cooperation in place of fear and bate, then, under the protection of such cooperation, we may well hope for a renaissance of the human mind : with the vigor and variety implied in that word reimissanee. Kvery Jew, therefore, who is n Jew in his ideal ism as well ns in ids race, should he one of the most intense workers for the success of the League. He ought not to be satisfied with u mere nega tive adherence. He ought to see that Jewish societies take an active part in the attempt to break down the factious nppo4lti<m on tlie part, of some members of the United States Senate. Ho ought to do his part to see that tlie outcome is one that will allow the highest hope for the noblest elements that, have thru the centuries marked his race.— The Maeeabaeati. In an article published in tlie Cana dian Kngle (Yiddish). I>r. A. Prag ma of n legend that makes of the Japanese direct descendants of one of the ten lost Trilies of Israel, which by the way. were never lost at nil. He also speaks of a largely Increased Jewish community in Ja pan. composed mainly of refugees frotp Jlumia. He also speaks of the splendid work done among the Jewish immigrants in Japan by Samuel Mason, the representative of the Im migrant Aid Soclty of New York.