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Denver Jewish News
Vol. VI. Valiant Men Bowed Down by Hatred and Enmity i JOSRPII S. BMM'K, TIIK CHAMPION i OF ISRAEL'S CAUSE SUSPENDS [ HIS PAPER. | A Contribution to the History of Anti- Semitism. By DR. OOTTHAKD DECTSCH. Tin* year IS7O marks an epoch in modern Jewish history. Chi September -ml the battle of Sedan was fought. Napoleon was compelled to surrender, the French troops had to he with drawn from Rome, and the pope whose throne was only maintained thru the military aid. furnished him by France, chiefly owing to the Influence of the bigoted empress Eugenia, retired pout ingly to his imaginary and self-ini posed prison in the Vatican with its 1.100 rooms and miles of parkways, v. Idle the troops of the Italian kingdom marched thru the breach of the Porta Phi on the memorable day of Sept. -1, 1870. It is one of the pranks of history that the first troop entering Rome was commanded by the Jewish artillery Captain. David Hogro. Tin new order of things abolished the last ghetto of Euroi>e. which had long liecn a disgrace to civilization. At the same time the new empire of Germany was ruled by a Protestant dynasty. Cleri calism had to admit its defeat and to prepare for a new battle. Its handiest weapon was the charge, ibis time a always, that the new order of things was made by the Jews ami for the Jews. One of the first leaders in this war fare was August Holding, professor in the Catholic divinity department of the uendetny of Muonster. This man. horn 18.10 in Neuennlir on the Rhine, the same village in wldeli Isaac I.eeser. • lie pioneer Jewish author of America, was horn, was quite unknown before. Altho teacher of Hebrew, be was so ignorant that lie could not read a line of an nnvocalizcd Helinw text. It Is, however, not necessary in tin* eyes | of the public to know anything about Judaism when you write about it. pro vided you villify it. Holding knew flint, mid so be wrote his pamphlet ‘***Der Tnluilidjude** In 1871. which is a very careless abstract of Klsonmen ger's bulky volume, cutitled “Eut deektes Judentlmm." which appeared in 1701. Eisenmenger possessed some Jewish learning, altho his l>ook con tains a numlier of ridiculous errors, which arc not uncommon with Christ ians who cannot so readily penetrate in to tin* meaning of rabbinic terms. Roll ling copied not only Eisoiinieiiger s mistakes, hut added some of Ids own. liccuuse lie wrote so carelessly that he uhl not always understand Eisemneii ger’s antiquated German. \s i.ne in stance we may quote that li*» makes the T.ibei.d say. a snake swallowed the head of a raluii. mistaking Eisen menger's i*xpressioa ‘Ttabin” (she raven) for rabbi. T!it» pamphlet was a success from the publisher's po.nt of view mid was several times reprinted within a few years. Abstracts of it weie constantly published in the Catholic papers of all countries and embodied in anti-Semitic pamphlets written in nil languages. The first years after the Franco-Ger man war were not favorable to anti- Semitic agitation. Tlu* movement was ldictionary, and the world was in n stage of lilieralism. A change began slowly with the financial crisis of 1573. The world again needed a scape goat. and nltlio numerous members of the highest uristrocracy whose names were utilized as bait by frenzied finance, were more prominently in volved in the fraudulent schemes than jews, the latter were made the target of nil attack of which a German author, Otto Glngau. was the leader. \ few years later came the decisive move of the anti-Senitilc forces thru the organization of the “Christian So cialist party.” under the leadership of the Prussian court-chaplain. Adolph Stoeckor. in 187!). The movement Ik*- gan to assume a political shape in Hungary, where a distinct unti-Senii tic party was formed in tlie parlia ment and It led to n most revolting case of ritual murder charge in Tisza Eszlnr, 1882. This ease, which together with those of Konltz. 1 Son. Poland. 1!KM». and] Kiew (Mendel Beilis) 1011. is one of the darkest blots on modern eiviliza lion, and has recently been made the subject of a soul-stirring tragedy h.v the Vienna poet. Arnold Zweig. Tin* ;-oet gives the facts with historic nc < iiracy. nltlio interspersed with scenes , f allegoric mysticism. A young girl Esther Solyinosi. was raped by an anti- Semitic estate owner, choked to death pud thrown into the river. As it hap pened shortly before Passover, and av , ,i,e country had been stirred up liy anti (Continued on Page Two.) PALESTINE DECLARED PART OF NEW SYRIAN "KINGDOM." New *‘KJng” Will Boycott Countries Occupying Arab Territory. Emir Felsul, the n»wly*elecli»d “king" of Syria, declared n lmycott against countries occupying Arab territory, in cluding Franco and England, and lias organized a commission for the pur pose of bringing Moslems and Christ ians to a Iwttor understanding. Posters displayed at Damascus, whore the Syrian congress proclaimed tin* hide pendence of that country, declared : “In spite of himself, the Moslem Is a brother to the Christian and the Jew. The Arabs existed before Christ. Moses or Mohammed and freedom and inde pendence are rights of Syria. lto ligion is of ISod and the fatherland belongs to ids ehildreii." Tlie Syrian congress signed a decree asking foreigners to evacuate that re gion, and Palestine and Mesopotamia are reported to have lieen Included. \ committee organized in Lebanon lias issued a statement alleging the dis triet was Illegally represented in tli“ congress of Damascus when the inde pendence of Syria was declared. Le banon is a section of Syria supposed to lie anxious for a French mandate, but the Turkish nationalist ami Sy rian movements are so generul tliruout Syria ond Cilicia that it seems im probable Franco can continue her oc cupation of district there unless she receives strong reinforcements. In a later dispatch it was reported that Einir Feisal bus given the French until April <5 to leave Syria, and the Arabs have ordered the British out of Palestine. Einir Feisal lias later been ordered to explain to the Allied Su preme Council the fact of his allow ing himself to lie crowned as King of Syria. Premier I.loyd fleorge an nounced that recognition was denied him by the Allies. After his coro nation. Emir Feisal declared that it would not affect relations with Allies. To a quest ion raised in the British Parliament last Friday, the Under Sec retary of State for Foreign Affairs declared that Palestine was not in cluded in the new Arabian State, now lieing formed. Wlien Cardinal Pn l|oin visited Iloi •fu. an entertainment was given in his honor liy the residents of that city. The Cardinal was asked by some Mus sulman to deliver a message to the Pope, requesting that the Holy I.and should not lie given to the Jews. The Cardinal answered. “The victory of the Allies largely depended on the sup port of the Jews who have given their blood as well as their money. The large loan which France Is nt present negotiating for is lieing largely sup ported by Jewish hanking houses. How can; we then he ungrateful to a people which has offered swell friendly and useful aid to the world?*’ SCOURGE KILLS MORE THAN WAR Extract from Cable Sent by Henry !*• Davidson Head of Red Cross. Paris. March 24.—N0 matter how ninny treaties are signed or not sign ed. world pence will not We established until Central Europe amt the Near East are thoroly cleansed and disin fected. America is just ns unsafe ns Europe from typhus and the white plague now spreading over the world with light ning rapidity. Two million three hundred thousand infected Russian refugees are now press ing against Western Europe’s border in their mad rush westward, in the hope of escaping death under the most horrible conditions. Conditions as bad as in Russia pre vail in Hungary. Serbia. Austria. Mon tenegro. Turkey and Syria and tliruout the near east. Poland is especially severely stricken. More people are daily dying now than during the war. Whole populations are being wiped out. The fatal germs pass from one country to another, owing to the lack of sanitary devices. Unless quick relief is provided the world will see a tragedy greater than that of the last five years. Montenegro, for Instance, with its population of 430.000. liv.s only four doctors, no hospital supplies and no medicines. The same applies to the whole of Eastern Europe. The King of Denmark has recently appointed George Cohen as the Head of the State Department, a very high distinction to be attained by a Jew. Ho is a strict observer of the tradi tions of bis faith and does not work* on Saturdays. This fact, altho well known, did not stand in the way of bis appointment*. Ills brother. Dr. Nuphtali Cohen, also an orthodox Jew. for some time has held the position j of Attorney-General of the chief court l of Denmark. Commission Permitted to Go to Soviet Russia WILL C.O AT OWIS RISK TO HIT (OR STRICKEN JEWS IN THAT COUNTRY. Washington, 1). C.. April I.—Permis sion was granted to the Joint I>W- Irilnition Committee of Now York h.v the State Department to send a I'kraln ian Commission to Soviet Russia. Tin* Commission must, however, go at its own risk, the* Department having elear ly stipulated that it eon Id not issue any passports. The Joint Distribution Committee has accepted these conditions on be half of the commission, which is now in Poland. The members are Judge llarry Fisher, of Chicago; Professor Israel Friedlander. Max Pine and Maurice Kass. The upplicutinn for permission to send the Commission into Russir was made to the State Department by Louis Marshall, of New York, who e\ plained that thousands of the Jewish population of Russia had been killed and famine and typhus were prevailing to such an extent that conditions could be ameliorated only “by finding away where by medical aid and food sup plies can 1k» distributed forthwith.” In a letter to Mr. Marshall. Frank L. Polk, I'mler-Seeretary of State, laid down these conditions: “First—The purpose of their going Is solely to extend relief to the suf fering and that they will not take with them supplies which if seized, might Ik* diverted to military use. “Second—That as this Government maintains no representative in the ter ritory in question, ami has no rela tions with those who are there in con* trol. it will not Ik* In a position to ex tend any protection to your represen tatives. If they go. it must Ik* nt their own risk, and under such arrange ments ns they can make with the local authorities, without Involving tin* Gov ernment of the United States in any way. “In a general way you may Ik* as- ; sured that it is the desire of the De partment to facilitate the distribution j of relief to innocent sufferers in Ru»-; sla.' It Is necessary, however, to take every possible precaution against the misuse of supplies which may be furnished.” ORGANIZATION OF ORTHODOX JEWISH COMMUNITES IN GERMANY. (By I. J. P. B.) Halberstadt —At n convention of Jewish Orthodox Communities of tier many it. was decided that these 'or ganize themselves into one distinct tody. It shall l>e the purpose of this new organization to limit its scope to strictly religious matters. In all other questions which may not he termed re ligious the Orthodox Communities will take independent action in common with the rest of the Jewish popula tion. SWISS WANT NO NEW JEWISH CITIZENS. (By I. J. P. B.) Zurich. —In the local State Assembly the liberal. Dr. Ilalfer made the fol lowing inquiry: “Is it true that since 1010 all requests by Jews to become naturalized citizens are not banded over to the Naturalization Commis sion on the grounds that the exact statistical data concerning the nuin her of Jewish citizens, native and naturalized, in the state must firs' be collected before any more Jews may be admitted to citizenship?” LOAN FOR JEWISH COMMUNITY IN BUDAPEST. (By I. J. P. B.) Budapest—The local Jewish Kehil lah has been left without any financial lesources because its whole capital lias been requisitioned by the Bolsheviki. In order to support its enaritable i» stitutlons the Kehlllali decided to is sue bonds for four and a half million kronen, to be paid within r»0 years. Recently the Budapest Jewish Ke liillali was donated three and a half million kronen by Bernart Brown of Flume, with which to found a Kosher hospital in Budapest. A building lias already been bought for the purpose and soon the hospital will he opened. Iterr Brown also promised to contri bute a quarter of a million kronen annually for the support of the new institution. Portland. Ore.. March 24. —At the thirteenth annual meeting of the Jew isli Relief Society held here this morn ing Dr. X. Mosessohn. editor of The Jewish Tribune, formerly of Portland, now of New York, was elected Honor ary President of the society, in rec ognition of many years of service to the organization. Wednesday, April 14, 1920 MY WAGE By JESSIE B. RITTENHOUSE I bargained with Life for a penny. And Life would pay no more. However I begged at evening When 1 eonnted iny scanty store; For Life Is a just employer. He gives you what you nsk. But once you have set tlie wages. Why. you must bear the task. I worked for a menial's idle. Only to learn, dismayed. That, any wage I had asked of Life. Life would have paid. Fa ell to ids work, his wage at evening bell. Tlie strength of striving service. Quarter Million Rebuilding Fund Launched Rig Drive to Restore Burned Strur tore Is Started in Denver. Tlie big event in Jewish eireles this week is the project**! drive for the Quarter Million Dollar Rebuilding Fund of the Jewish Consumptives Re lief society which will he inaugurated in Denver and the Rocky Mountain region the week of April 10-20. Our city is justly prm.it of having initiated this grand S monument of American Jewry in : the campaign against the White blague. Sixteen years ago it set the wheels in motion tor the organization of this soeief v now numbering close to a hundred thousand monitors residing in every town and hamlet in this great land The Jewish people of this country have enthusiastically aided the organization and transformed into n gigantic insti- ! tutlon the original eight tents and a shack put up liy the Denver pioneers, j Now that a conflagration lias con ■ sumed the most important building on the grounds of the J. .C. It. S.. Denver i Jewry again comes to the front by | lending off the campaign of rest ora- I tion. By its nolde example it will ; stimulate other cities to rto likewise. ] We. residents of Denver, art* priv j ileged to see daily the Jieneflccut work r.f the JJ‘ Or ft. S. fnirf Denverite, reading tiiese lines, has not at some time or other lmd occasion to ask help from the organization for an unfortu nate whose sad plight on mo to hi* knowledge? Let us then show our ap preciation in a material as well as a moral way. by a generous contribution to tills sacred cause. A committee* of one hundred rep resentative Denver Citizens will par ticipate In the drive. They will leave their business or profession for the week and devote their time and labor to this momentous project. They have set as their goal in thl« city the sum of $30,000. A number of our townsmen and members of tie committee have already announced their contributions of one thousand dollars to the cause. Five hundred. S2OO and SIOO clulw are being formed. The most enthusiastic Individual in this city for this Rebuilding Cam paign is the chairman. Mr. Louis Stern, a trustee of the J. C. It. S.. who i* heart, and sotd in this grand move ment. Associated with him and ably seconding the chief are Messrs. Max Neusteter. Ren Grimes, have Harlem. Milton Schaycr. I. Amter. H. 11. Frames*. TL .T. Schwarz. Sam Isaacson. Max S. Schaycr. Win. 11. Goldberg. Max Goldlraum. A. B. Cowcn. J. N. Lor iier. Wm. Hahn. Mesdaraos 1. Rude. O. M. Shere. Emanuel Friedman. Louis Adeltnan. I. Barnett. S. G. Elbe, each heading n team of able lieutenants. With such a coterie of enthusiastic live wires, the sum-ess of the cam paigt) is amply assured. Get ready for « Die haul. The cause needs it and deserves it. MIZRACHI SEMINARY OFFICIAILLY OPENED IN JERUSALEM. The official opening of the Mizraclii Seminary for Tenchors in Jerusalem took place on tin* 24th of Adar. At the opening ceremony. si>eeches were de livered hy the aged ltabbis of tho “Miz rad Ilaralmniin.” Mr David Yellin, and Dr. ITssishkin. Dr. I ssishkin greeted the new school in the name of the Palestine Commission, and Mr. Yellin on behalf of the city of Jerusalem. The classes of the Seminary have already l*een opened, and now studentts are be in;: admitted daily. London.—Among those whose ex tradition is demanded by the Entente, is <Sonera 1 Moringer hy whose order the Rabbi of Lunev ill*' and bis daugh ter were burned alive in the synagog. Rabbi Louis J. Kopald of ltuffalo lias been elected head of the New \orl; State Conference of Charities and Cor lection. Another Galician Commission in America For R PROMINENT LEADERS HERE. HAVE DOCUMENT SHOW ING EXACT NEEDS OF PEOPLE For the first time In tlie Inst five years, tin* Galician Jews hnve sent u commission to America. • who can in telligently tell what has happened ami describe the conditions under which the Jews are at present living In Galicia. Tills Commission consisting of four prominent Galician .Jewish leaders has been sent by the “Jew ish National Council/’ which is rep resentative of the Jewry of that coun- I ry. The four commissioners. lir. Tnn nenhnum. Dr. Paehtmnn. Mr. Julius Dialer amPMr. Moses Frostlg. are here to propose to the Galician Jews of America: that they should first of all rebuild the destroyed towns and villages in Galicia and also invest tlieir money in building factories for the purpose of putting the Galician Jews on an economically independent basis. This Commission has brought most astonishing documents of each city in Calicia. which give the exact number of people who are in need of help. They also specify the exact necessities of each and every community. It is also part of the delegation’s work to attempt to reorganize tlr* liquidation of money orders sent from America to relatives in Poland. Meetings of the “Reconstruction Committee” or the “Galician Federa tion." in New York will In* arranged in all principal Jewish centres, at j which the Commission will put its re-! construction plans for Galician Jewry before the Jews of America. Several conferences with all relief organizations will Ik* held lieforc the 1 commission presents its views to the I public. The program is not based on principles of charity but upon solid 1 eelf sustaining reconstructive efforts The members of tlie Commission are experts. In economic, financial, political ! and national questions, and arc cap able of taking up all tlie proltlems .which face the Jews of ftaliclu. ! Dr. Morris Patclmran In the j prominent position which he holds as | a Jewish leader doing practical and * ncial work in Galicia may In* com pared to our own Louis Marshall. Another niomlier is Dr. Joseph Tnti nenbaum prominent for Ills work on the Joint Distribution Committee, of Vienna. At the Peace Conference in Paris lie was an active memlier of tin* Jewish Delegation, and helped in form ulating the Jewish national demands for minority rights in nil countries controlled by the Allies. Mr. Julius Elsler. a third, commis sioner. is the Director of the “Crcdli I'nion Rank” of Lemberg. He is an expert In financial questions, and will help establish a more efficient sys tem of sending money to Galicia. After studying hanking conditions in Amer ica it will 1n» ids duty to find some means whereby American Jews send ing money to their relatives in Gnlieiu may lie assured of its proper delivery, and exchange. The fourth commissioner, is n well known writer. Mr. Moses Frostig. the editor of the Lcnilicrger "Tagchlatt." Mr. Frostig is well acquainted with the political and social life «f tin* Galician Jews. Is well liked and trusted by them, and therefore is qualified t* l represent them in America. The delegation deserves the oarnesr support of the entire American Jewry. JEWISH EX-SOLDIERS OF GERMANY AGAINST JEWISH NATIONALISM. (By I. J. P. B.) Berlin—To stem the tide of the anti Semitic movement which has been vie orously spreading all over Germanv. mi organization of Jewish ex-soldiers was founded to protect Jewish rights in Germany. At its first meeting ii was proposed by some of the soldiers who are strongly nationalists that the organization place itself upon n solid Jewish nationalist basis. When the proposal was put to a vote it was re jected by a great majority, upon the claim that only a loyal thoroly Ger man body will be able to fight German anti-Semitism. CONVICTION OF AN EDITOR (By I. J. P. B.) Warsaw—Even to print any infor mation about pogroms upon the Jews is considered a very serious attempt in the eyes of the Polish government. Recently the editor of the "Gloss Bun dn" was convicted and sentenced to six months imprisonment for printing nn article about the pogroms in Pol and. This paper is the official organ of the Jewish Socialists of Poland. MWMSH-.IRWISH ORGANIZATION IN MOROCC O. Cultural Conditions of Jews Improved. Special Institution Established in Madrid. (By I. J. P. B.) Morocco—Upon fin* initiative of Dr. Cuita, a Union lias I>oeii founded in Morocco to strengthen and develop tin* friendly relations lietween Monwon Jewry and Spain. It slmll be tin* pur- IKJse of this Union to spread honest information among the Spaniards about Moroccon Jews and on the other huiul to make tin* Jews of (lie Afric an province good Spanish patriots. Tin* organization intends to oj>en courses of study in Spanish culture and history for Jewish students. It will help Jews to liccomc Spanish citizens, and furthermore will support groups and individual Jews who wish to visit Spain cither to study there or to establish business relations. Tin* Union will also undertake to improve tlie cultural, material and sanitary con ditions of the Moroccon Jews. A special institution will lie estab lisiied in Madrid for Moroccon Jews who come to Spain. The idea of the Jewish organization has liccomc very popular in ail parts of the country. In Tot nan alone over 1.000 Jewish members have already enrolled. Many other cities have taken up tin* move ment with as much enthusiasm. It , seems that the Union may eventually serve to unite all the Jews of Morocco. ALL GALICIAN JEWS DRIVEN OUT OF LOWER GALICIA. (By I. J. P. B.) Vienna —The government of Lower I Austria, at tile head of which is tli»| Socialist. Sevar. lias decided to deport all Austrian and Hungarian .lews from the province. Inspite of the great need of coal the government lias as signed special trains for the unfor tunate undesi rallies. ZIONIST FILM COMPANY IN VIENNA (By I. J. P. B.) Vienna —The Zionist Organization of Vienna lias umlertaken to produce n areut photoplay depicting Dr. Hend's life. In the role of Beni appears tlw* ruinous Jewish actor ScliiUUuaot. 'J*TTe; other parts are also taken by prominent Jewish artists. “CHRISTIANIZATION" AND “AMERICANIZATION" President Loo M. Franklin, of tie* Central Conference of American Rab bis, has made public the results of a Conference between representatives of the Federal Council of Churches of Christ In America, the Home Missions Council, and the Central Conference of American Rabbis held in New York City on March Bth. at which a clear understanding was reached on the question of “Americanization.” and “Christianization” which grew out of | the discussion of tin* sunjeet before 1 tin* Episcopalian Convention in lie- j troit last year. As a result of this Conference, the following Resolution defining the po sition of those concerned was adopted j unanimously, and since approved by 1 the Administrative Eexecutlvo com mittee of the Central Conference of j American Rabbis. The Resolution. 1. That we apprecite this oppor tunity for tlie free exchange of thought and conviction K*tween representa tives of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America, tin* Home Missions Council and the Cen tral Conference of American Rabbis. 2. That we disclaim, and deplore, the use of the term “Americanization” in any case where it is made to mean or to imply that there is no distinc tion between the words “'Americaniza tion” and Christianization.” or carries the implication that .lews, or people of other religions and other races, are not good Americans. So church should use the term “Americanization" as a cloak for proselyting to its dis tinctive religious views. 3. That we desire to co-operate with each other as brethren, in all efforts lor Americanization and for promoting righteousness in the American peopp*. 4. That we express the desire for further conferences and continued fel lowship. “We call particular attention to the second paragraph in the statement said Rabbi Franklin. It should l"' added that the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America rep resents practically all the Protestant ; churches in this country. A new Yiddish-Hebrew dictionary is | being prepared by “Sefatenu” a He brew speaking Organization, which I now has a membership of more than 400 in Jerusalem. It is also issuing n list of useful words in Hebrew. Fng ; lisli. French, etc. No. 15. News from Here, There and Everywhere Philip Harrison, brother of Hr. I>on Harrison of SI. I«ouis. at iiis home in New York. lie was Assistant Cor poration Counsel of New York. The Jews «>f Lee<ls are much in censed by the npi>earnnoe of a plu eard outside a Dancing Hall which reads "No Jews admitted." This is Hie second time recently that such an occurrence has been noted in Kua la nd, as. a sliort time a so. when em ployees were wanted for a London shuving saloon, it was announced that no Jew would Is* allowed to t*oin|H»te for the job. Adolph Lewisohn of 881 Fifth ave nue has loaned Ids hallroom for a lee- I ture to Ik* given on Friday afternoon, ! \pril 10, under the auspices of the i Hook Committee of the Art War Re lief. which is establishing a model i children’s library in Brussels and one in France. Miss Janet Richards is j to s|H*ak on the European situation and America's relation to it. Mr. Louis E. Benjamin has been i appointed Judge of the Supreme Court ,of the* Cape Province. The new Judge I was born in 18(13 and was • educated | at the South African College and at j Cambridge, and for many years was ■ Professor of Ijiw at the University of , Ca|»e Town. Forty years ago there 1 was a Jewish Judge in the Cape , Province. Mr. Simeon Jacobs, who also served as Attorney General. I In order to raise funds with which j to pay off the deficit of the Jewish Orphans' Home, New Orleans rabbis nave volunteered to tour southern j states and appeal to the public for ; support. A thousand feet of motion picture film showing activities of the home will he circulated in picture shows thruout the South, and directors of' the home believe nearly everyone will l>e reached in this way. Tlio realization of a long cherished hope of the congregation of Eutuw ! Place Temple. Baltimore. Md.. for the j erection of a synagog house in which ! to conduct Its social and compinnity ' activities, was given tangible expres sion recently, when, at a meeting held in the synagog parlors, more than $r»S.. (HH) was suhscrllted toward the new building. Tin* new building, which will soon rise adjoining the synagog at Kutaw Place, will he throe stories high and will cost in the ne’ghlmrhood of 81100,000. By the death of Henry 11. Living ston the Pittsburgh community has lost a type of a Jew who showed in life the possibility of being an Orthodox Jew and a man of the world. The Tree i.f Life Synagog has been deprived of one of its oldest and most esteemed members and ardent supporters. He • was one of Its oldest nicnilHsrs and , served the congregation as president 1 and vice president for nearly twenty five years. Mr. Livingston was horn in 1841. He was one of the pioneers in Pittsburgh. After many struggles, lie lieeame very successful in business and at the time of his death was ; prominently connected with several I financial institutions. Only nine months ago his wife died and it was the grief over her death that hasten ed his own. He is survived l»y five daughters, Mrs. 11. B. Rosenthal. Mrs. G. Lash, both of New York: Mrs. Sam uol Stern, of Philadelphia: Mrs. L. B. Foster, of Aylesboro avenue, and Miss Surah Livingston, of Pittsburgh, and by two sons. S. N. and Dillinger Livingston. Mrs. Ricardo M. de Acosta of 830 Parke avenue. New York has an nounced the engagement of her daugh ter. Miss Mercedes de Acosta, to Abram Poole of this city. Miss de Acosta lx a sister of Mrs. Rita L.vdig and Mrs. Oren Root, and has done considerable literary and dramatic work, being the author of several hooks, one culled "Moods,” During the wAr she was en gaged in the Censorship Bureau, and was also identified with Red Cross : work. Mr. Poole is a brother of Mrs. Walter Weyl. whose lute husband was editor of the New Republic, and of Ernest Pooole. He was graduated from Princeton, class of 'O4. and is a Trustee of the Chicago Art Institute and a Director of the Chicago Art ( lub. having spent much of ids time abroad, studying art. He was a stud ent of painting in Munich. Bavaria and in Italy, and also studied at the Beaux Arts in Paris and at the Sur inam*. lie was awarded the Grand l*rix of Rome and Munich in 1000. During the war Mr. Poole served as a Captain in the 343 d Infantry. 80th Division. Later he was transferred end made Battalion Commander of the ; OL’d Infantry of the same division.