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The Denver Jewish news. [volume] (Denver, Colo.) 1915-1925, June 09, 1920, Image 1

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Denver Jewish News
Vol. VI.
Citizens Protest Judge
Hersey’s Attitude
JURISTS IMPARTIALITY QUES
TIONED IN TRIAL OF ZITHER
MAN SLAYER.
A protest signed by n large number
*»f citizens of Denver. Jews and non-
Jews. many of them prominent in civic
affairs, was made public Saturday.
They protested against the action and
conduct of Judge Henry J. Hersey. of
the criminal division of the District
court, during the recent trial and ac
quittal of Win. W. Clawson, on a
charge of murder. Clawson had l>een
charged with the killing of Joseph
Zuckerinan, which occurred at the rear
of bis home in Dale Court, November
lit*. A brother, Jacob, was shot thru
the shoulder a moment later.
Clawson is said to have quarreled
'vith the Zuckermans in a horse trade.
He escaped and was arrested In El
Paso, Texas.
Clawson was acquitted of the mur
der charge May .*?. but was rearrested
almost immediately on a charge of as
sault to kill Jacob Znekcrman. a
brother of the deceased. He gave bond
and was released for trial at the be
ginning of the fall term.
The citizens felt there had Im*oii a
miscarriage of justice when this man
was freed, and that it wfts due to the
Attitude taken by Judge Hersey 1k»-
fore whom the case was tried.
The statement is as follows:
“A large part of the community was
shocked by the acquittal of William
Clawson. It appears that on Nov.
lIHO. William Clawson went to the
home of the deceased. Jacob Zucker
man, shot him five times, several
shots taking effect In the back, and
while making his escape shot the
brother of the deceased, Joseph Zuck
erraan. twice and then fled the state.
He was apprehended as a fugitive in
the state of Texas and returned for
trial.
“He was acquitted by a jury. As is
well known. Juries are prone to com
mit errors, but the circumstances that
differentiate this murder trial from
all previous murder trials is that the
judge who presided at the trial as
sumed what we earnestly tielierc to Ik*
a strange and extraordinary position
—and what we believe to Ik* the un
precedented and unparalleled conduct
of the trial judge inspires this state
ment and is the occasion thereof.
“Altho it was undisputed that the
accused came armed to the home of
i lie deceased aml shot him there unto
his death, yet It seems that the trial
Judge could not understand why so
serious a charge was brought. Here
are his words during the trial: ‘lf
{lds is the character of testimony the
d strict attorney had. I am surprised
that this serious charge was filed.*
Again. I say with the knowledge the
district attorney had from the inquest
of this testimony produced here, that
they changed the testimony. I am sur
prised this serious charge was brought.
That I* what I mean.* Further. *He
may be guilty of something and not
of the serious crime with which lie is
charged.*
••We believe flint this is tlie first
time In the administration of justice
in this state that a judge occupying
the exalted position on the district
bench insisted that the charge of mur
der was too serious a charge to be
lodged against one who, on the face
of It at least, had shot another to his
death in ids own home and in the
l.qck and thereafter made his escape
from tin* state. We are confident that
this statement of the judge Is unex
ampled and unprecedented. Yet this
iiid?v tells us. if press reports are to
be ivedited. that ho is ‘responsible to
no one for ids judicial acts. They
speak for themselves.*
-So tested, the judicial acts of this
judge would indicate a peculiar state
• 0 f mind and a singular process of I*oll
--iiing If murder were not the charge
to have been filed against one who
' killed another, what should have been
the charge? And what, therefore, are
we to think of the judge who could
find no warrant for filing such a *»-
clous charge against one who had as
sassinated another In Ids own home?
•This Judge could not understand
, that the fact that the accused shot
1 ti.e brother of the deceased twice in
the course of ids escape was a cir
kouustnuce that should have been per
[ mitted to he considered in evidence,
k ,| 11,1 accordingly refused the offer of
I Hi,.'prosecutor to show thqs* facts.
I Thruout the course of the trial lie ruled
► favor of the accused. Consistently
[ j,i« attitude In Ids rulings, and Ids
Liclief openly expressed that there was
serious In the charge, he
i Khook hands and congratulated the ac
■L |IS( .|l upon his acquittal.
P \Ve feel that the accused had very
Ir" (Continued ou Page Two.)
UNDER PRETENSE OF DEFENDING JEWS GOVERNMENT GIVES
CONFLICTING ORDERS.
Official i Unite to Pogroms in Poland
(By I. J. P. B.)
Warsaw —Tin* Jewish deputies or flip
Polish Parliament presented their
Premier with a iuernorandmn in which
;liey charged the Government with in
citing to pogroms under the mask of
counteracting the anti-Semitic activi
ty. Tlie memorandum is of great his
torical significance, because it ex
poses in unmistakable terms the
treacherous and deceitful conduct of
ilie present Polish military regime,
ilere is a complete translation of it :
“The ever rising wave of excesses
committed by military men upon Jews,
demands the most energetic safety
measures on the part of the Govern
ment.
“Officials of the War Department
adopt various means against these
outrages. Simultaneously, however,
with their orders to stop the lawless
ness against Jews, they come out with
statements which annul completely
the possible influence of these protec
live measures. To this type belong
not only the famous communication of
the press division of the War Depart
ment. which categorically denied the
attacks of soldiers upon Jews and
which referred to the complaints of the
victims ns acts of agents provocateurs,
but also to the personal letter of the
Minister to the Third Division of the
War Department. While condemning
the excesses, the Minister adds in that
letter that some mythical part of
Jewry will exploit them to the injur?
of Poland.
“Naturally a declaration of this sort
by the Minister himself must rouse a
feeling of hatred for the Jews and a
desire to revenge among the military
men —for no one will seek to determine
just what pnrt of Jewry the Minister
refers to and to wlint part, let us
say. a particular Jew win* passes none*
soldiers the street tielongs. The
latter will gladly use the declaration
to mask the torturing of defenseless
people.
“We. therefore, consider It necessary
to remark that if n thing is fought
and if something is condemned, that
should !»e done without anjr mndifica
tlons. Circulars which may lie under
stood to mean that It is not convenient
f:> bent the Jews at this time altho
according to their conduct they deserve
such treatment, we consider to lie uot
only useless hut. on the contrary, of a
kind that would tend to arouse the fool
lug of hatred against the Jewish pop
ulation even more.
“Such circulars lead to attacks of tin
kind that we have witnessed at the
Brest Railway Station on the Ist of
May.
“We must protest against similar of
ficial declarations which arc extra
ordinarily harmful and which Insult
our honor without cause.”
WIVES OF ALIKENS MUST KNOW
ENGLISH FOR NATURALIZATION
Offvego, N. Y.—Supreme Court Jus
tice William H. Itoss iu a letter re
ceived here, states that since the act
of June. IJKKS. amended in 11)01). 1!)10
r.iul 1018. provides: “That no alien
shall hereafter lie naturalized or ad
mitted as a citizen of the I'nitcc!
Statens who can not s{>cuk the English
language." we have this anomalous
situation: a husband liecoiues a citl
zen by naturalization, which presump
tively carries with it the citizenship
of his wife. hut. ns she herself could
not be naturalized owing to the fact
that she is unnhle to speak the Eng
lish language, she* Is not a citizen and
not entitled to vote. In this, situation
the court is unnhle to determine
whether the wife might herself in* law
fully naturalized unless either she np
pears in person and submits to an ex
amination in court, or the court is sat
isfied by reliable information that she
herself might lawfully become a citi
zen.
NEW JEWISH ORGANIZATION IN
GERMANY.
(By I. J. P. B.)
Berlin —A nrw organization Ims boon
founded In this city to encourage farm
ing among German Jews. Since it is
very difficult for the families long
established in) industrial centers to
leave their homes and become pioneers
In a new environment, tills organiza
tion has decided to liegin its program
with the following measures:
1 Poor children and orphans should
l»e brought up In farm schools in coun
try districts with a view to their be
coming farmers in adult life.
2 Jewish war Invalids should be
established on farms.
The Lord maketh poor and inuketb
rich, he bringeth low. and also lifteth
up.—Samuel.
Strauss at Head of Permanent Jewish Congress
TEMPORARY ORGANIZATION AT
AN END, NEW ONE FOUND AT
CONVENTION IN ITIILADEMMIIA
The temporary American Jewish
rongrefn met for its second session
in Philadelphia, May .'W> nml .‘ll. and
adjourned. Immediately thereafter a
new and permanent American Jewish
Congress was called into iMMug.
A stormy scene marked the opening
of the second session of the American
Jewish Congress. The disorder was
caused h.v n clash between Judge Ju
lian Mack, of Chicago, president of
the congress, and Judge Gustave Hart
man, of New York, when the latter
attempted tr> Introduce a resolution to
make the congress a permanent insti
tution. Judge Mack ruled that the res
olution was out of order, and Judge
Hartman appealed from his decision.
Rabbi Stpehen S. Wise, of New
York, took the chair ami immediately
at least a dozen of the 400 delegates
rose to their feet to make motions
or to rule on a point of order. Judge
Hartman then stated why he appealed
from the decision of the president, and
In his address stated that the con
gress was needed in the future to safi
guard the rights of the Jews in this
country and elsewhere. He said that
the delegates must determine between
the great musses of Jewish people and
the small groups who controlled or
ganizations.
In reply. Judge Mack told the dele
gates that if they voted to uphold
Judge* Hartman he would resign from
‘lie presidency. Immediately a great
furore broke out among the delegates
who were finally quieted by IbibM
Wise. They voted to uphold the dc
cision of Judge Mack, by a vote of 14:
to GG, and the resolution was with
drawn.
Judge Mack held that the congress
which lmd lieen organized only for >•
specific object, the return of Palestim
to the Jews, must adjourn in accord
ance with an, agreement, after hearing
the reports of the delegates to {h<*
Paris Peace Conference, headed by
Louis Marshall. He said that if tin
delegates then wanted to reconvene
rhey would In* at liberty to do so.
In owning the session, Nat bar
Straus, the famous New York pliilan
tliropist, and honorary president of the
eongress. asked that the meeting Is
conducted peacefully.
“If you want me to go to Palestine
If you want me to carry on the fight
for you. then for God's sake, let us
have peace." be warned, ns the be sus
pected trouble. He was introduced by
Dr. Louis S. Rnhiusohn. chairman of
the Philadelphia Congress, who in
turn introduced Judge Mack as- the
chairman of the session.
A moment after Judge Julian Mnek I
of Chicago, had announced the tem- t
porary American Jewish Congress at ;
an end. the delegates headed by G. j
Ruhlik. of New York, immediately
called to order the new and permauent \
American Jewish Congress. This o<- j
ctirred at eleven o'clock Sunday night. 1
and so enthusiastic were the delegates!
that they Immediately began the work
of electing temporary officers.
They chose Louis Llpsky. of New
York, as temporary chairman, and
Bernard G. Richards, of New York, as
secretary. During the course of the
session. Rahhi Stephen S. Wise, of New
York, delivered an eloquent address
on the necessity of such a congress.
His address was delivered to such an
enthusiastic audience that rhey cheered
for five minutes after he concluded.
When Monday morning’s session was
called to order, the work of appoint
ing a nominating committee to ap
point 71 members of other committees,
was tiegun. William Edlin, of New
York, was appointed chairman of this
important body. On a plea of Rabbi
Wise that funds were needed to assure
the permanent operation of the con-
gross, the delegates present pledged
£.■>7.000 immediately. An address pf
great Importance was delivered by I'r.
Joseph Bloch, of Vienna, a commis- 1
sinner to tlio congress In which lie ask
ed the congress to use Its Influence hi 1
helping Jewish emigrants in European j
towns where no American consul cx- j
ists, by asking the authorities at Wash- j
ington to appoint a vice-consul in Cra
cow or Lemberg.
Dr. Bloch also suggested that loan
societies 1m? established in Europe
where money could he obtained ut mod
crate rates of interest. This would j
permit fanners to cultivate land now
Idle, and business men to rebuild their
places which were destroyed in tlio
war.
The officers of the American Jew
ish Congress arc: Nathan Straus as
president and an executive committee
of seventeen. Assisting Mr. Straus
are the following: Vice-presidents.
Wednesday, June 9, 1920
The Day of Rest
By DR. G. GOTTHEIL.
Comp, O Sabbath day. and bring
react* and healing on thy wing,
And to every troubled brea-t
Speak of the divine holiest:
Thou shalt rest!
Kart lily longings bid retire.
(iuard otir passions’ hurtful fire;
To the wayward, sin-oppressed.
Hrlng thou the divine behest:
Thou shalt rest!
Wipe from every cheek the tear
Banish rare, and silence fear;
All tilings working for the best.
Tench us the divine behest.
Thou shalt rest!
DR .H. PEREIRA MENDES BECOMES RABBI EMERITUS OF
SPANISH-PORTUGESE SYNAGOG
Now York—Dr. If. Petrira Mendes’
career of active ministry of forty-throe
years in tlie local Spanish and Portu
guese S.viutgog lias oinled. Ho has In
come emeritus minister of the ancient
congregation and will henceforth l*e
free to seek to regain his health
which, for the past four or five years,
lias left much to lie desired. Had
Dr. Mendes desired he could have re
mained the active spiritual guide of
the congregation until the end of Ids
life. Ills successor has not yet been
chosen. Dr. David de Sola Pool, who
was his assistant for a number of
years, resigned some two years ago to
engage in practical Zionist work in
Palestine. He is now reported to !*e
returning thence to this .countr. but
.whether lie will be elected to succeed
Dr. Mendes is not known as yet.
THE JABOTINSKY COURT MARTIAL
The British I*«rl in men t hat lteon in
considerable excitement since the news
of Mr. JalH)tinnky*s sentence for or
ganizing a self-defense grotto in Jeru
salem during the recent ritAliecame
Known in England. Mr. Chßphill, tin*
Minister of War. had to acflfer many
***
ties. Unfortunately, he f* not ns yet
in tlie possession of tin* official re
port from General Allenby. Jaltotin
sky’s sentence has since t»cen reduced
to one year’s imprisonment without
bard laltor. and the sentence of tl*o nin,.
teen otlier Jews from three years’ penal
servitude to six months Imprisonment
without hard lubor.
During his trial. .Tabotinsky retained
iin attitude of pride and firmness.
There was one scene which made a
deep impression on minds of the Pale
stinian Jews. One of the judges said
to him: “We accuse you of having or
ganized the Jewish guard.” Jabotin
sky’s reply was: “What! you are ac
cusing me! General Pols and General
Storrs should replace me ini the docks.
T accuse them of having organized the
pogrom in Jerusalem, while I proudly
confess to having founded‘the Self-dc.
fense Corps.”
According to latest advices. Jabot
insky is allowed much liberty in his
confinement, lie is busily engaged In
writing and frequently confers with
his fellow prisoners. The Jews of
Palestine have almost made a saint of
him. Collections are being made for
the Jewish National Fund among all
parties of the Palestinian Jischub. in
all towns and colonies, to insorils* the
condemned man in the Golden Book
of the Jewish National Fund.
THE STRENGTH OF THE JEW.
We Jews have parted with many
tilings; with some voluntarily, with
others against our will: hut we have
pnrte<l with nothing that we can not
spare. Our strength lie< in the purity
of our faith, in our simple, direct 00111
munion with God. in the strong sense
of fellowship which binds us together,
those who have lived and suffered to
gether. and who have made sacrifices
for each other, and who have been
supported by the same ideals thru cen
turies of incomparable martyrdom.
This Ims lioon our strength, together
with our adherence to those laws of
life and conduct which fll men may
read within, tin* pages <>f that Bible
which we have as a free gift to tin*
world, but our own rights in which
we have never surrendered. —Rabbi A.
A. Green, London.
Col. Harry Cutler. Loon Sanders. Rabbi
M. S. Margoltcs. Gednlinh Bublick. PL
L. S. Rubinson ami So! Bloomgardon
(Yelioash) : Treasurer. Mitchell
(Boston): Executive Seerotary. Bor
nard <• .Richard' and Honorary Sec
retaries. Max Hollander. William Ed
-lin and Isaac Allen.
While there were delegates
present at the congress, there were
about 800 of other pitots, including
commissions from Jewish communities
in Poland, rkrainia. Vienna. Coiwtan.
tinople and other European centres.
Report of English Commission on Palestine
HERBERT SAMUEL FINDS SPLEN
DID POSSIBILITIES FOR DE
VELOPMENT.
Tlu» Right Honorable Herbert Sam
uel. former Postmaster Oeneral and
Secretary for Home Affairs of (Jreut
Britain, widely mentioned the first
High Commissioner of Palestine when
the English Civil administration sup
plants the military binder the terms of
the* mandate granted to Croat Britain,
lias just returned from a trip to Pal
estine and deelares that the country
offers wonderful opportunities for the
future and that the present financial
condition is satisfactory, except for the
excessive cost of livinjt*.
Mr. Samuel was sent to Palestine at
the head of an English Commission to
investigate and report upon the econo
mic and financial conditions of the
Holy in view of the prolaibilfty
that England would be granted a man
date over the country, for the purpose
of establishing a Jewish National
Ilomelnnd. Now that the mandate has
been granted. Mr. Samuel, in view «f
his interest in Zionism and the fact
that he has had an opportunity to
study the country first-hand, together
with his standing as a British states
man. is reported authoritively as the
first civil head of the Palestinian gov.
crniuent under the British mandate.
In his statement, based upon tie*
findings of his official visit to Pal
cstine, he says: “The country, taken
as a whole, is undoubtedly under
populated and undercultlvated. With
a proper equipment of roads, rail
ways and lmrbora. its prosperity is
capable of great expansion. With
modern methods of irrigation and dry
farming, the question of water sup
ply presents no grave olistacle.
“Now that the cause of malaria is
known and methods of Its prevention
established, the great hindrance to the
-•veil-being of the population could la*
diminished and finally removed. The
water power of the Upper Jordan U
-rtfflcTent to pro tide adequate aloctrit
force for alt parts of the country and
its use In the towns and villages would
enable numbers of Industries to Im*
established with success. In addition
a variety of artistic handicrafts could
find a homo. Now that railway com
munication has been established witli
Egypt the tourist traffic will undoubt
edly show a very great extension.
The chief obstacle to the develop
ment of the country Is the excessive
tost of living, according to Mr. Samuel,
hut the financial position Is satisfac
tory as the growth of prosperity Is al
ready bringing in an increased rev
enue. Taking up the question of the
Arabs, he declared that opposition to
Zionism on their part was not deep,
ns sheiks and jieasnnts living around
the Jewish colonies had expressed to
him their goodwill toward the Jewish
colonists and tlielr appreciation of
what the Zionists had accomplished in
Palestine for the good or all.
“There Is maple room in Palestine
fur a far larger population. ’’ he con
tinued. “Those who will immigrate
will arrive gradually us conditions per.
mit. They will not boa pauper class
to ho u burden upon the rest, hut of
the same industrious progressive type
ns those who in the last 30 or 40
years have founded the Jewish colonies
in the various parts of rlie country.
They will brlug with tnem capital
which will help promote the prosper
ity of the whole country to the ad
vantage of all the inhabitants. No on,-
who visits the districts in which these
colonists are found can doubt that if
they laid never been established the
1 country as a whole would now l>e much
! poorer. If more were established the
country would In the future Im* so
: much the richer.
I “I have been struck by tlie fact that
opposition to Zionism does not go deep.
I The sheiks and fellaheen*, (peasants),
i in the villages around the colonies live
on the best possible terms with their
Jewish neighbors. A considerable mun
[ her of sheiks came to see me to ex
press their good will toward the Jew
ish colonies and assured me that their
advent had enabled the neighboring
Arab villages to grow richer by giving
a model for the improvement of their
systems of agriculture aml by increas
ing the amount of employment. They
informed ine that in the Aral* vil
lages there was no opposition what
ever to further immigration along sim
ilar lines.”
Zion Meyers, son of Rev. Isidore
Myers of Los Angeles. Cal., ami broth
er of Carmel Myers, the noted moving
picture actress, lias written a musical
comedy. ‘Blue Eves." which Walter
Hast will produce next year. Hast’*
lather was a noted cantor some years
1 ago •
PREPARATIONS BEING MADE TO
AFFORD JEWS ON FARMS AND
OUTLYING DISTRICTS RELIG
IO U S AFFILIATION.
Part of Program of Union of American
Hebrew Congregations Sjnagog and
School Extension.
An extensive synugog nm] school
building program, involving expendi
ture of half n million dollars, lias Imhmi
embarked upon by the Union of Amer
ican Hebrew Congregations. The pur
pose of this elaborate building pro
ject is to afford .Jewish families in
outlying fanning districts an oppor
tunity for religious practises and edu
cation. The venture is one of many
activities characterizing the Union’s
ten-year program of expansion to in
sure the survival of Judaism in Amer
ica.
It is estimated by tlie Union that
there are 0,000 families and 12.000
children on farms strangers to Juda
ism, To afford these every oppor
tunity of religious expression and
training schools and synagogs will Is*
erected in the various communities
ihat are now cut off from tin* tradi
tions of the House of Israel. In the
post on effort lias been made to reaeli
Jews in isolated fanning districts tlmi
traveling rabbis, hut it was found that
the great weakness of tlds system was
the lack of meeting places and schools.
J. Walter Freilierg. president of the
Union, when talking of conditions in
rural communities, said:
“Why make good farmers out of
Jews if the proe«*ss makes poor Jews
out of farmers. The synagog in tin*
rural district represents problems, that
will tax our utmost ingenuity. But
this program of building must Ik* com
pleted in order to keep under the in
fluence of the House of Israel those of
us who today are entirely without ro *
ligious instruction, and opportunity to
pnticipnte in religious observances."
A correspondence school, giving
training to 12.000 children, was in
stituted. but it was poiuted out that
altho much good lias resulted from
its activities yet it had not been ade
quate to cope with- the jdtuallou It
was further found thar the corres
pondence school could not be made to
take the place of the synagog or school.
A corps of three thousand religious
teachers and rabbis lias been assem
bled. and as schools and synagogs an*
completed enough teachers or rabbis
will lie sent to them to start work im
mediately.
Manny Strauss, chairniun of tin*
Advisory Committee, who lias lieen ac
tive in the affairs of the Union many
years, and who has contributed lib
eally to the success of its work, said :
“We have received pledges aggre
gating three-quarters of u million dol.
lars to dute. This amount Is pa .rabb
in ten years.
“The encouraging tiling ulsait sub
scriptions received tlius far is the
In rge number of men and women from
all walks in life who have made c on
tributions. The real purpose of the
campaign is to build up n great army
of followers. Size of individual sub
scriptions are meaningless In so fur as
the purpose of the campaign is con
cerned. We are trying to serve tin
great. mass of the Jews thruout the
length and breadth of tin* 1 nited
States, and the only effectual way in
which this can Ik* done is to have as
many us possible represented in tie
fund in a material way.
"Two million dollars of the
000 sought is to go to Hebrew Union
College. Board of Delegates on Civil
Bights, and the Department of Synagog
and School Extension. One million
dollars will Ik* devoted to the work
of the Pension fund while s.'*oo,ooo
is to go to the Building Loan Fund.”
JEW KEPT AT PRISON WALL
(By I. J. P. B.)
Warsaw —A provincial Jew in his
long flowing garments stepped on the
sidewalk of the military prison on
lika Street, ignorant of tin* fact that
lie was before such an institution and
that it. is forbidden to walk on its
sidewalk. He was immediately noticed
l,y the sentinel who grubbed him and
forced him to stand with ids face to
the prison wall.
Not knowing what to expect next,
the Jew wept and fainted from fear.
Hundreds were soon gathered upon the
scene. Passing policemen were asked
to intervene, but they claimed that it
nos none of their business. Someone
called up the Jewish Deputy of the
Polish Parliament, Dr. Furbstein. and
he at once communicated with the city
administration and with the heads of
the prison. In the next half hour, an
order was issued that the Jewish pris
oner be freed.
If a word spoken in its place * :
worth one piece of silver, silence in
its place is worth two. —Tulmud.
No. 23.
Baron Edm. Rothschild
to Save War Orphan
THOUSANDS WILL BE SENT FROM
EASTERN GALICIA TO PALES
TINE.
Huron Edmond do Rothschild, head
of tin* famous family of European
financiers, has proposed as a means
of solving? the problem of providing
for the 2n.000 Jewish war orphan* in
Eastern Galicia, that they in? sent to
Palestine, where they will have an
opportunity to grow up with the coun
try, in an atmosphere which will per
mit of their freeest development.
In making tills proposal, ltnron
Rothschild promised to give ids full
est support to carrying thru the pro
ject as soon as conditions permitted,
which is expected to he some time
after the civil administration sup
plants the military government in
I'ah'stine and Great Britain lifts the
han on immigration.
The condition of the Eastern Gall
clan war orphans is described as most
pitiful. With orphanages overcrowd
ed. an acute shortage of houses, these
war orphans are reported in many
»nses to Im* living practically on the
streets, picking up what fo«Ml they can.
Their mortality has lK*en high, from
diseases resulting from hunger and ex
posure. particularly tuberculosis.
Baron de Rothschild’s plan to trans
port these orphans to Palestine, will
give them an opportunity to grow hack
to health, us well as work on the
Jewish farms, which will give them
enough funds In time to acquire hold
ings of their own in Palestine.
It is stated that Mrs. Pomcrnnz-
Melzer has just returned to Vienna
from Paris where she had a number
of interviews witli prominent Jews in
connection with the organization of
relief amongst the Jewish children «-i
Eastern Galicia.
FIRE SWEEPS LIDA
(By I. J. P. B.)
Yilna. Polantt —On the night of the
thirteenth of April a five sudilonly
broke out in Lida. With lightening
rapidity it spread until it destroyed
whole series of Jewish homes.
Ono of the victims of the conflagra
tion was the well-known and beloved
Doctor Warsliawsky. who was over
whelmed by the flames whileasleep. I>r.
Warsliawsky was an exceptional char
acter. For the last few decides lie
pluyed an important part in the social
and health activities of Lida Jewry.
The poor always came to him for aid.
for he was known not to accept any
fees from them. His memory will
linger iig the minds of the population
for many years to come.
THE INQUSITIONS ON THE POLISH RAILROADS.
( BY I. J. P. B.)
Warsaw, Poland—The Lodser Tag<»-
lilatt warns its Jewish readers, par
ticularly those wha have long beards
to avoid travelling on tin* 1— :*►<» p. m.
train at tin* Alexandrov Kailway Sta
tion.
It states that attacks upon Jews oo
cnr upon tliLs train day after day.
Jews are beaten, and their beards torn
out with tin* roots by the armed l’oseu
troops who travel at this particular
hour.
LAW STUDENTS STRIKE OVER
SOCIALIST CLASSMATE.
New York.—Jacob M. Uoldenkoff. »
Bcnior member of the Albany Law
School, wbo was recently expelled for
holding radical views, came Imck t*»
school during last week-end on »n in
junction issued by County Judge John
I. McMullen, of Schenectady. When
Coldenkoff made his appearance in
class the 270 odd students of the law
school walked out of the class declar
ing that they will not return as long
us their socialist class-mate is per
mitted to stay with them. The in
junction which restrains the school au
thorities from interfering with Clold
enkoff's legal education will be fought
in the courts by the school authori
ties.
JEWISH MINISTER HEAD.
(By I. J. P. B.)
Ilcrlin —Enmnuel Wurm. the German
iood administrator illed ufter a sp
here operation, at. the ajre of sixty
tliree.
The deceased was for many years
a Socialist member of the German
Heichstatj. In contrast to many Jew
ish Socialist colleagues. Herr Wurm
took a deep interest in Jewish activi
ties. He was not ashamed to have peo
ple know his Jewish descent and never
tried to hide the fact that he was a
Jew. His death has l»een a source of
urief to all who knew him.

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