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Denver Jewish News
Vol. VI. Tremendous Issues Face America ZIONIST WORK AND RBMEI WORK IN TIIK PRESENT Ills TOR 1C MOMENT DEMAND SOU - TION. By DR. JOSEPH TANNENBAUM (Written l».v :i iiicmlicr of flu* liullciuti Jt*\v i.-li l *0111 hi I mm ion no iv hi I Ida country.) Eastern .lt*\vr.v may be compart'd t«» imi old dried up fruit, whoso juice bus been absorbed. and meat consumed. It 1ms (>omc out of the war. starved, sick and wounded. Strangled by brut al force, downtrodden b> systematic, bloody persecutions, tortured and mur dered by the armies of its own country as well as by the invading forces <*f the enemy, destroyed by ravaging epi demics. and debilitated by chronic hunger and destitution. Eastern Jewry has lost much of its former elastic structure and equilibrium. It can no longer stand on its own feet. Tin* sick brother across the >ea must be led by the hand and guided until hr will regain enough of Ids old vigoi to be able to walk by himself—a deli cate and gentle hand it must be. foi only such can remove the hopelessness which prevades Eastern Jewish life and bring rodiunt light Into the despairing faces of our unfortunate brethren. Only a lovable, sympathetic brotherly hand can halm their burning w ounds. With Impatience they look west ward, where they expect their sun to ri.-e. History has made American Jewry the exponent of her eternal life will, and the. future will show whether she has wbely chosen. p.ut. mean while. we of the present have it as our duty to ascertain wlmt the moment which bridges the past and the future demands of us. It is our privilege to live in a period which may be culled ‘TJottordaemnierung.” and l»«* the driv ing water of the wheel of fate. A new st:rr has risen over the.ne bulous. black night of the Jewish diaspora to disturb the leaden clouds which spread themselves like a black mantle over our horizon to obscure our future. Eretz Israel is ours. The sii k nurses new hopes, and with .hls.Ja#L might moves Ids weary liinbs and pre pares to leave his dismal prison to seek freedom and a new life in the land of his forefathers. So well suited.is the Jewish people to the present moment as If the Invisible band of some great master bad been at work. The Jewish people must today wander to Palestine. The war and its consequences have destroyed the people’s equilibrium. It •ms lost its center of gravity and hangs suspended between heaven and earth. At present It Is in a flowing state which cannot be solidified into a mass, for ns soon ns there is any semblance of stability, new persecutions, new v f.food.-,|"mis sweep it away. That I* why our whole people is today at tie* doors of the East, prepared for the march, waiting merely for a command to set itself in motion with all that be longs to it. The majority are easily prepared for travel. They have noth ing to tsfcke along. The war tooUYvery thing away. A question arises: Is thc-lnnd ready to receive so many millions of people? At Paris this question was discussed with much vehemence. There were i some who warned us not to tie up the national question with economic prob lems. because we are now going to build our historic home, not to deal in philanthropy. That Is very errone ous. for the material condition of our people is in every sense of tin* word a national problem—a problem so vast that the existence of flu* race depends upon its solution. Mass movements do not let them selves be directed with n baton. The waves of humanity now surging and beating against the wall placed by de crepit politics in the way of the most primeval rigid of men to free move ment —these will, when the proper mo ment arrives, break thru all harriers that may stand in their way. In Paris I once showed one of om leaders two refugees who came from Poland to Paris without a passport, without mon ey. and even without a knowledge of the prevailing language, in order to bo sent from there to Palestine. Most of the way they had traversed on foot in the course of a few months. I re .narked at the time. “These brave youths are merely symbolic of our peo ple. They are not exceptions. Our wlioo people feels as they feel. In Vienna hundreds of young men. who have left everything, and inspite of all warning came to the city to he enabled to work on the soil of their rational home, hang about the corri dors of the Palestine office.” I re call one scene in Paris which I shall lemembcr as long as life lasts. Last I Continual on Page Two.) LIVING STANDARDS OF ARABS TO BE RAISED TURF SCHOOLS ESTABLISHED BY JEWS. To raise the standard of living of the Arabs so that they can meet on common cultural ami economic grounds with the Jewish settlers in Palestine, the Jerusalem correspondent of the Zionist Review, official organ of the I-'nglish Zionist Federation, advocates | in the latest issue of I lie Review that the Zionists liegin immediately to edu cate the children of the Arab peasants, who comprise u large proportion of the Holy Land's population. While the Zionists in all their 2."- year struggle for a National Home land in Palestine have always affirm ed their friendship and interest in the Arab population, and the Arab peas ants have in turn approved the aims of Zionism and Jewish immigration, there is a wide breach between the two peoples Itecuuse of their differences in living, education and economic posi tions, and the Zionists realize they must attempt to raise the Arabs stand ards in order to bring out the be. t development of Palestine. "In the colonies it should be our aim to bring education and enlighten uient to the children of the surrounding fellaheen (peasants).” the Review co-- respondent states. "If for various reasons they can not attend Hebrew jclmols. Jews should found schools for them in which Hebrew should be caught. There is a distinct economic advantage to be gained by raising the standard of living of the Arab work er. especially in the possibility it will give to the coming generation to co operate Intelligently with the Jews in developing tin* land, while at the same j time inclining tht»m towards that co operation. "The excellent services rendered in this direction by the American Zion ist Medical I'nit. which has treated Jew and non-Jew alike, cannot) be overestimated. Many an Arab owes Ids good health to an Zioni-t doctor, and to that extent is closer to an understanding of tile friendly char acter of Zionism. Such measures av • ■ bound to succeed in bridging the dif ference between Arab and Jew. for .rliejr will remove ignorance, iluofoc to progress, and inspin* confidence, the foundation of friendship. "As Western'measures are introduced Into the colonics, the more enterprising Arab villagers in time copy them. Thus as they gradually leave primitive and wasteful methods of agriculture, tho\ i will also substitute for tlielr medieval i ideas and customs modern tendencies ; and manners. The outstanding feature ; of this problem is that with the Jew ] Isli renaissance the Arab must pro gress and this progress must lessen the gulf that divide him culturally and therefore socially from the Jews." The friendship that the Arab peas ants, who comprise 70 per rent of the population, have for the Zionists was shown by the protest from 28 Arab villages to Major Ceneral Sir Louis J. Hols, Chief Military Administrator In Palestine, against the anti Zionist riots In Jerusalem. In this protest the peasants pointed out that the mass of the Arabs was not opposed to Zionism that the riots wen* fomented by the effendis or rich Arab absentee land lords.- who exploit the peasant class and that the Arabs ns a whole wen friendly to Jewish immigration, realiz ing Its obvious advantage to them. However, these peasants, who an* illiterate, primitive and living tlu* same life they have lived for eenruries, are so far below the standards of the Jewish colonists that they can never really cooperate Ylosely and iis social equals, until they have been the re cipients of a carefully planned out system of education. This the Zionists have already start ed. as a Hebrew school founded espe cially for Arab children, with sheiks ks some of the Instructors, has been established by the colony ltosli Pinnli. The experiment has been highly suc cessful, the Arabs willingly sending their children to the school. ADOLPH REINACH’S LIBRARY FOR CITY OF NIMES. (By I. J. P. B.) Paris—Tlio famous archaeologist. Adolpli Iloinneli. a nephew of Joseph Ileinach. lias left his extensive library to the city of Nlines. Adolph Reinaeh f«*ll in the recent war. fighting for France. Before Ids death he expressed the wish that his library, considered to la* one of the i idlest of theological collections in the world, should not he sold hut should be donated to the city of Xinies. His widow has complied with this last re quest. Saul obtained the kingdom because he considered the honor of his slaves equal to his own. —'Talnlud. In the Field of Jewish Labor FI'RRIERS* STRIKE IN NEW YORK —A POSSIBLE FEDERATION OF ALL THE NEEDLE TRADES. By ELIAS LIEBERMAN. (By I. J. P. B.) On tl*o 27th of May Mh* furrier* of New York went out on strike. Heing well organized, their strike practical ly paralyzed the whole industry in New York. As yet. the employers and em ployees are In a test of strength. A certain number of bos-es have already settled, hut their number is not large enough to justify anyone in calling the strike a success for the workers. The strike was not unexpected. alMm there were hopes of it’s being avoided. Since tiie causes that led to the final break are very characteristic of Me* economic condtion of many industries ut the present. I lielieve it important to describe them. For the last few years the furriers witnessed a state of “prosperity” There was simply enough work, and the workers were able to make a denar living. This favorable condition at trtreted many new workers to the trade. The employers were anxious t<- take in now workers, ami so. little by little, a few hundred half-skilled work ers. novices, were added to the trade. At the start, the I'nion was rathe:- backward in admitting these new-oom rrs into its ranks. Intuitively, tie organized workers felt that tin* “good days” would not last long, and tha* the merflow in the trade might become an evil from which all the worker would have to suffer. Itut here tin workers struck a basic question, name ly. whether the doors of their Union should lie closed to new workers. This problem was often discussed by the rank and file of the I’nion. aim finally the open door principle won out. It was decided to accept all tin applicants Into the I'nion. Meanwhile, u certain uunmiah! gentleman. Mr. Sluck. who is much hated by the workers, came along. The buyers had stopp<Hl ordering furs, ami the fur manufacturers liegan laylnp off their employees. I' Then the I'nion asked the Kmploy ers Association to confer with it. aim proposed that whatever work there I should la* divided equally among tl: workers in the shops, and that durin; the slack period the week should lie cut from the usual 44 hours to 40 hour of work. These measures were de inunded by the I’nion as a check upot the evil of unemployment. They wen not incorporated in the existing agree ment between the Association and the I’nion. The Union imped that sinci its relations witli the Association had been friendly for eight years, the rep resentatives of the Association would i>e sympathetic toward it in its present straits, and would recognise the justice of its demands, and "stretch” a point of the agreement. Contrary to the I'n ijm’s expectations, tin* representative* of the Association refused to accept the proposed relief measures. Then the Union was compelled b make demands, the most important or which were: 1. AH discharged work ers should l>c reinstated. *J. The equal division of work among all of the work ers, up to December 31st. Itediictioi. of the number of hours of work pc week to 40. 3. Wages should not I < reduced during the time of the agree inent. To these demands the Association re plied quite curtly that it did not lu* lieve them adequate to meet the prob lem of unemployment, and that onij a rise in business could eradicate thi* cvil. !(; refused, therefore, to gran' them. That in brief, precipitated the strike. In normal years the season of tin trade would naturally have ended tin strike. because it would have solved the problem of unemployment. This is. however, a bad year, aud yet the strikers hope that the manufacturers will change tlieir attitude and that the strike will soon lie settled to their sat isfaction. At the last convention of I lie Inter national Ladies’ Garment Workers T’u ion. which was held in Chicago last May. it was recommended by the of ficers of the Union that the Interna tionnl attempt to unite all of tin* needle industries. This decision adopted un animously by tlie convention, found a favorable reception in the whole .few isli field of labor. It immediately be came the subject of the day. In order to understand the signifi cance of such a step it is necessary to hear in mind that if* this resolution should lie carried out in actual practice it would mean that all the workers em ployed in manufacturing clothes, in the men’s clothing, women’s wear, lints. Wednesday, June 16, 1920 FAITH Oli! liearf. sail heart, do not despair. The 111 (ti*row may Iks l»riirli: :im| fair. Am! bring to you the thin?: yon cra\*c. If you arc patient. oil in. mal brave. The darkest clouds tvjll roll away And bring to you a brighter day. Trust, and the help is always nigh It comes from faith in the Most High • Isabella I*. Davis, in American He brew. JEWISH ART EXHIBITION IN SWITZERLAND. (By I. J. P. B.) Zurich—On Mn.v 2nd. Mio Swiss so clet.v of Jewish scientists authors and artists, “I la much.” oprtied its first art exhibition in tile studio of Hie well known artists M. Ilellignlil. and M Sc hwartzkopf. Altogether the* work of fourteen Jew ish artists were . exhibited. among which were those of tin* father and son fJllcenstein. The elder is too well known to need any further comment His son also np|*eurs to Ik* a younr artist of temperamental genius, will* a fine technique. Much attention wa* also given by tin* local critics to tin works of Joseph Itin. Clregor Italiin ovitz. and Marcel Slodki. The exhibition is being well attend ed. and the local press lias given it much publicity and serious attention. OLD JEWISH DISABILITY REMOVED BY THE GOVERNMENT. (By I. J. P. B.) Warsaw. Poland —'The l*«*ll-li Gov orninont bsocil a decree according 1* which the disability ' law < rciunininp from the old Russian regime whirl did not permit Jews t<> enli*r I lie in in ing industries were repealed. Much is made of this decree h.v tin official and seini-official Polish news papers which seelc to tfxploit this rov ernmental net for propaganda purpose. They wish to show the world that the Polish Government Is "Rood" to the Jews. The-fact remains, however. that hy tlds latest decree, the Polish Gov ernment has only beifri'thjjWtP favor ities. the fan,iJu*s. ed in the mining industries and were compelled until now t<> ei renin vent tin law. Tin* rest of the .lew’s of th». country will not In* benefited hy it. fancy leather goods. etc., would belong |o one labor federation. lu other words, the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, flu* United Garment Work ers. the International I ►idles’ (S.irineiil Workers, the United Cloth lint and Capmakers, the Faney Leather Work ers, and the Furriers Unions.” —nil these organizations with their many locals would form a federation of al most three quarters of a million work ers. Such a federation, if well or ganized. must have influence upon the policies of the labor movement and would he a power to bo reckoned with. It would in fact lie tin* only power in control of the working conditions in the needle industries. With this in mind, it is no wonder that all those interested in the labor movement are watching the progress of this plan with the greatest anxiety and interest. Yes. the plan is quite a beautiful one. and well appearing, but will it Ih» realized? It is perhaps too early to speak of the possible success or failure of tide plan and. therefore. I wish to limit myself to a few remarks about the dif ficulties which lie in the way of it materialization. In theory all the above-mentioned Unions will agree to the plan. In practice they will n f be inclined to sacrifice a particle of their autonomy for its realization. If every union should insist upon its own sovereignty and freedom of notion, doubtful indeed would be the success and power of the proposed federation. Another of the great impediments will bo the action of the American Federation of Labor As is well known. tl«* Amalgamated and the United noth Hat and Cap makers Unions are out-ide of the Fed oration of Labor altogether. Knowing all the difficulties, the pos sibilities of materialising the idea of one federation in the needle industry do not seem to be as brilliant as many suppose. The last lecture for Jewish students of Ohio State Unix i>ity. Columbus. Ohio, was delivered b\ Or. Henry l'ng lander, professor at the Hebrew Un ion College on the beginnings and Development of Reform Judaism. ’’ Dr. Fnglander lectures mu t have effected concrete results, as a number of sen tors asked him for suggestions of read ing material which "ill help to keep them informed on things Jewish after they leave college tie- year. Dr. Krauskopf Tells of Three Kinds of Jews ADVANTAGES IN BEING A JEW, AND THE riUDE IT JUSTIFIES DEFINED. By Rabbi Joseph Krauskopf, D. D. (’lose observation and study of mi in bers of our ]s*ople. during nearly two score years, have led me to the con clusion that Jews may In* grouped in three categories; the first, composed of those who regard their Jewish birth a misfortune; the second. <•0111 posed of those to whom their Jewish birth is a matter of indifference; the third, composed of those to whom their Jewish birth is a source of pride. Those Who Regard Being Jews a Mis fortune. The first named Is much to be pit ied. Being Jjnvs only by necideut of birth, knowing nothing of the place of honor, which despite ignominy and persecution, the Jew occupies in the pages of history. In the balls of learn ing. in the hives of industry, in the marts of trade, in the laboratories and observatories, in the arts and profes sions, knowing nothing of the debt of gratitude which the persecutor him self owes to the Jew. they sic but the disadvantage of what they call “acel dent of birth," and try to conceal it. displaying by such attempted conceal ment not only their ignorance, but thell cowardice as well. Those Who Are Indifferent. The second of these categories, the indifferent class, see no reason either for being proud of their people or for | being asliamed of them, care little j whether their people are understood ! and appreciated, or misunderstood, and ill-treated, whether their cause is ably j represented, whether the Rubhi’s la-: bors in lielmlf of the Jew and .Tuda- ! ism are supported or unsupported. Be-! yond attendance upon a couple of serv ices during the year, they recognize | no further religious obligation and dis charge none. If they have their chil- | dren instructed in the religion of their | fathers, that instruction hears little or no fruit, for the indtfferenee of the , parents transmits itself, before hmg. j to their children. They are usually j anxious to have their children marry within the fold, little realizing that were such support ns they give gen eral. the fold would not keep Intact very long. Those to Whom Being .lews Is a Source of Bride. Tin* last of the categories named is. in point of number, probably the least; ( in point of intellect and character. 1 however, the highest. It represents the aristocracy of Israel, the continuation | of that chain of worthies of which first link was fastened to the Bock of Sinai and the last link of which will probably be attached to the Bock i f Eternity. This is the class which the Scripture lias named The Oiosen People, and which name history lias more than confirmed. This is the clas« which, like its forbears, sees glory in its sufferings, sees a distinction in martyrdom that is reserved only for the highest and best of mankind, only for those who. espousing great truths, championing great principles of rigid and justice and lilierty. dure to fare u world in arms, dare to suffer and to die. sustained by the consciousness that, tho felled ns malefactors today, they will hi* raised ns benefactors morrow, tho anathematized an enemies of (2nd. they will, in due time, be con 1 secrated as Saviors of men. Tills is j the class that whines not of suffer ing. that loses not patience when, un der tribulation, that looks upon its Via Dolorosa ns the Road to Triumph. Advantages of the Jew. Is It a shame to be of the company nf Socrates. Suvnnaroln. Muss. Bruno. Servotus and the hundreds of other ' misunderstood, mistreated and subse- j quently glorified martyrs? Is it a shame for tile oldest of people to bo uf the youngest today in point of vi tality. energy, enterprise, intelligence, j progress! Is It a shame to have suffered everywhere, and to have been conquered nowhere? Is it .1 shame to have been downed by mighty nations, and yet to have outlived the mightiest of them? Is ii a shame * • have been packed into dark ghettoes. and to have kept the lamp of knowl edge burning even in the darkest ages? Is it. n shame to have suffered en slavement. and yet to have written tin* word liberty into the dictionaries of tlic world? Is it a slmmo to have been denied admission to the public school, and yet to have been tin* found er of it? Is it a shame to have been denounced in the church;**, 11 ml yet see these very churches avail themselves of the sacred literature and the re ligious practices of them whom they NEW YORK TO ELIMINATE DRIVES. WILL HAVE AN ALI YEAR ROUND CAMPAIGN. An effort to eliminate the ‘drive* as a factor in raising funds for pliil nnthropic purposes was announeed last week by Arthur Lehman of the Fed eration for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies of New York. .Mr. liOhuidii made public the appoint inent of a permanent Business Men’s Council, whose members have pledged themselves to devote a definite time each week to continuous propaganda for sporadic ’drives.’ The plan is ex pected to prove one of tin* most radi cal innovations in modern philan thropy. Mr. Lehman, who is chairman of tile council, said drives for charitable funds laid irritated the public. The new plan aims to stimulate the Inter est of business men in the work of institutions affiliated with the Fish-r --ation. ’lt lins long been known that bus! ness men can best bo approachcij tlirti their business.' said Mr. Lehman. ‘lt also lias been found in many eases that attempts to enlist the support of a particular industry found that industry involved iu difficulties of its own. This difficulty, we hope, will lie eliminated by the a 11-yea r-a round work.’ Tlie council includes in its member ship leaders in nearly a score of 4n dnstries. It will lie aided by the heads of trade auxiliaries and members of trade committees. The officers of the Business Men’s Council are Arthur Lehman, chairman; I'ercy S. Strauss, associate chairman : William (! old man and Manny Strauss, vice-chairmen The memliers of the council include David Anspnchcr. Benjamin Dublin. Ben Krdmun. Dr. I. E. Ooldwnsser. S. C. Lamport. Herliert Lehman. Sam A Lewisohn. Herman I,issuer. Dudley I>. Slcher, Henry F. Hamstag. Fred M. Stein. A. Van Uaalte. Felix M. War burg. Edwin S. I/orsch, Louis .1. Fo l*ertson.'Joseph Cullman anil Joseph ftutmnu. THE JEWISH NATIONAL FUND RECEIVES LARGE BEQUESTS. The Head Office of the Jewish Na tional Fund has lieeu informed tliaf Mr. Ootz, of Moscow, has bequeathed the Jewish National Fund £"»0.000. Another large liequest of aland £l7*- 000 from Mr. Louis Rosenhliiiu of Hrlghton. has lieen received. His estate amounted to more than £.'12.000 Mr. Koscnhlmn left £I.OOO to the Fund for erecting a Hebrew university i.i Jerusalem. His dwelling-hous<>' and landed estate are to lie used for a Jewish orplurnage. in which Hebrew is to Ik* spoken. The remainder of his estate falls to the Jewish National Fund for the purchase of Land and for settling members of the decerned** family in Palestine. Two further sums of 10.000 lire (Ttal.> were left in wills to the Jew ish National Fund some weeks ago in Florence and Triest. denounced? Is it a shame to have been branded as Deicide.*:. even while labor ing hard to keep si I’ve amt unpolluted the idea of the one Hod? Is it a shame to have been caricatured and defamed, and yet to know that greater honor than lias been shown to Jesus, the Jew. and to his Jewish Disciples, has never been shown to any other man? Is it a shame to have been barred from non-Jewish society, and yet to have found in one’s own people a domesticity and morality superior to those of the others? Is it a shame to lie denied association with people who pride them selves on being descendants of those who invaded Knglnnd with William the Conqueror, or sailed in the May flower, or fought in tin* War of the Revolution, or signed tie* Declaration of Independence, when one din pride himself with descent from those who fought in the first of all revolution* for political and religious liberty, from those who signed the earliest of all declarations, the Declaration of flic Decalogue? Being a Jew a Justifiable Cause of Pride Who that is a descendant from a people as ancient and honored as Is rnel. a people over whom neither gods nor nations nor men have pro\ailed. | who that is familiar with the -story i of their marvelous achievements, who that ponders on tin* providential choice ] and protection of them, can help feel- j ing and believing that of all prides | that of being a Jew is one of tin* j most justifiable? A new Yiddish-llebrew dictionary i* being prepared by •Sefatenu.* a He- ; brew speaking organization, which now j has a membership of more than j in Jerusalem. It is also issuing :i list of useful words in Hebrew, Fug j Ihh. French, etc. No. 24. News from Here, There and Everywhere When tin* Arango opera Company sailed for C’uba last -month it nuui hereil among its prineipals the Auieri euii soprano. Jean Barondevs, who is •« duughte-r of lion. Joseph Baromless, former Connnissioner of Fducatiou for' .Yew York oily. This is not Miss Ilur emless’ first opera tie engagement. for site was a member of the lira tale Company several years ago. At a testimonial dinner Riven to liahhi Jacob I. Meyrowltch by the members of < ’oiigrogntion B’nui Je*sh urun, of Leavenworth. Kas.. prior to his departure for other fields, he ex pressed the tlesire that he might leave the city with the debt of .<r».r»(*o on the synagog paid up. In less than half an hour more than the entire amount was snlwcribed. The seventieth birthday of Mr. Kraus, president of the B’nnl R’rifli. was celebrated in Jemsaiem by the* local lodge wiiieli re*solve*d to found :i colony near that city in lilk na.me. Itabbi A. M. Ashinsky of the Congre*. Ration Beth Ilnmedrosh Hagodol. I’itt burgh. has Inaugurated a series of Sun day afternoon sermons and discussions. lietween “Mint-ha” and "Mai-iv’’ serv lees at the synagog. Following each sermon a general ••i|uiz’* is conducted. As a tribute and as an expression of their loving esteem to the late Max Xusbaum. president of Congregation liar Sinai at Baltimore. Md.. and also to jierpetuate his name, a number «>f ids friends have completed a fund of $2,000 to In* known as the Max Xus liaum Memorial Fund of the Daughters in Israel. The Interest is to provide yearly the cost of vacations for de serving working girls in the Blue Ridge Mountains at the lodge maintained there by the Daughters in Israel. Regular religious services have ltocn conducted during the summer at Tem ple Mt. Sinai. K1 Paso, Texas, since I *Ol7. and the attendance has I teen | good in spite of tile hot weather. Tills good record has lieeu partly due to the c'fforts of' the Sisterhood and It ‘in tends to promote Temple attendance I during the coming summer months. The largest vessel tlmt ever entered the San Francisco port. carrying the largest number of passengers ever brought hero liy one* ship, was tin* transport Mount Vernon, conveying laick tin* Czecho-Slovnk soldiers who laid Ih*oii detained in Russia. They were* ill-treated by the* Bolshevik, but came to like* tin* kindly Americans. There were* 11.000 such soldiers. There were also 000 (lornum, Austrian und ilungarian prisoners, likewise* happy to Ik* getting homc*ward. Some of tin* derma ns formed a hand under a high class musical leader. Among the* e* pris oners wen* 70 Jewish captives. Mrs. Rika dreonolwum. NS years old. widow of Louis Oroenebanm. died May 30, in Louisville. Ivy. She* is survived by four sons, Samuel. .!ose*ph. Julius, and William and one* dangliter. Miss Florence* Greeiiebaum. Kiev;—Vera Clierebriakovn. one* of tlie* principal authors of tin* Beiliss blood accusation plot, was sentenced io eleatli and e*xceute*d I y tin* Revolu tionary Tribunal here. A novel undertaking is til. Jewish Lyceum CM renit of Texas, with head quarters at Waco, which lias recently I ***ll established. Tile executive* com mittee of tile* Lyceum e-omisls of Selig DcMitschuinn of San Antonio and Rab bis W. Willncr of Houston, and \\* lfo Mac-lit of Waco. It is intended to living Jewish speakers and artists of fame to the* Texas citie»s whies are mem bers of the Lyceum Fire-nit. Books of season tickets will lie hold to vfrsiy expenses and the surplus, whic h it is l.opesl will amount to a substantial sum. will lie devoted to encouraging education in Texas. Among the famous literary classie-s issued in Yiddish translations by vari ous firms in America, are the collected works of George Brandos in 1.7 vol ume's. for which Braudes himself 4s to write a spee-ial introduction: Darwin’s ‘Origin of Spe-e-ies.’ Tolstoy’s ‘Anna Karenina’: a couple* of works of Tur genieff: two volumes of Ihsc*n*s Dra mas: and ‘Jean Fhristophc.’ by Remain Holland. Mrs. Xicliolas Kopolotf. formerly' Miss Lillian Segal, of Fast Boston. Mass., offered a pape»r in e*onjunctlon with her husband on tin* subject of “Bacteriological Factors in Sugar Dc terioration” at tin* annual me*eting of the Society of Aim-rie-nn Bacteriolo gists.