Newspaper Page Text
Why Are the Jew* Mis
understood? (Continued from Page One.) fundamental change in his environ ment, and by his own emphasis on ac customed hate he creates a situation which is neither American nor perma nent. As the Hebrew’ becomes more definitely Americanized, lie enters in to the freedom allowed to all men to worship as they please, and he .attains a certain honorable distinction in the community because of his religions status. America is justly proud of its breadth of view and inclusiveness, the Jews constitute an interesting variant to the mind of the average citizen. I would, therefore, emphasize at the start the fact that the Jew Is not misunderstood because of his faith fulness to the religion of his Fathers. If there is a temporary misunderstand ing it is because lie brings it with him from Europe, and it cannot grow or survive iu the American atmosphere of toleration. Reasons For Prejudice: The Fhy cliological Reaction In the Jew To wards Oppression. What then are those qualities iu the Jew which mudc it possible for Mr. Ford or the LoDdou "Moniiug Post” to come out publicly against him, and is there anything that the Jew can do himself to answer such charges, not merely by words, but in terms of deeds? 1 would remind the reader that the history of the Jewish people for the past two thousand years has b<*cu a tragedy. The Hebrew lias been the. Cinderella iu the household of the world—treated with studied injustice, deprived by special legislation of the rights of holding land, entering higher occupations and of participating free ly in the life arouml him. This pres sure of hatred, prejudice and persecu tion from without has been a great formative influence In producing the Jews of today. He has been preserved, however, from absorption and destruc tion not only by his fidelity to nls re ligion, hut also by the strong racial characteristics which will always make him a marked figure iu the world. The greater the pressure brought to bear on his industry and longing to express himself the more ingenious and de vious necessarily have been his mental processes in seeking an outlet for-the cousuiuhig fire within liim.- I’liable to stand up and declare himself boldly ’•primus inter pares,” he hud to resort to uunniug. cleverness aud evasion iu , order to exist. Inevitable Maladjustment to New Con ditions. The refjult lias been that when plac ed at last in the presence of unlimited opportunity it lias not been possible for him at once to adjust himself. The scars of the years of bondage mark him still. His anxiety seems too great, his mind too eager, his patience aud endurance too highly developed amid his present surroundings. He wishes at once to achieve all things uml cannot lielieve that there lies be fore him centuries of increasing lib erty uml recognition. Thus hi* ap pears to push himself unduly, to in sist upon himself unnecessarily, to overreach that comfortable under standing which others have acquired gradually during these two thousand years. He has all the seif-conscious ness of a stranger iu the world of freedom and this makes him unable often to express ids best desires uml his most generous impulses. 3. The Disconcerting American Milieu. Again, in the tumult of our groiu cities, where on his arrival he is herd ed with the least desirable class of our citizens, he finds life still a struggle against cruel conditions, aud his first knowledge of American political uml industrial methods aud manners is u travesty on what we lielieve the nation stands lor. There seems to be no point of contact between the Judaism of Eastern Europe, which lie brings with him and the teeming thousands of the slums that surround him. Moreover, America unconsciously aims a dentil blow at the observance of the Sabbath. He finds thousands of the more fortunate of his race quite careless of its observance; and when the sueredness of the duy passes, as it too often does amid the screaming competition of our American life, tip* laitlifulness of two thousand years goo* with it. aud he flings off his al legiance to the <lod of his Futhcrs in order to plunge deeply into the op portunities of a new land which seems contemptuous of all that is old and that speaks of sacrifice and daily dis cipline. This tragedy is raking place on an enormous scale in our midst, and ilie loss to our American life in terms of splendid energy, mental übility and vision is beyond compute. •I. The Black Sheep in the Jewish Fold. When religion is gone the moral fabric is shaken to its foundation. The Jew because of his very strength can be tlie victim of Ids own passions to a degree that is scarcely possible with any Western race. His full is com mensurate with tlie height from which lie falls. And to one who knows uml cares the .most tragic results of our superficial -Americuuizutiou are the Jewish gunman and the Jewish prosti tute. 5. The Jew a Victim of Easy Abuse. Now, the average man dwells more easily upon the faults of others and ulmost reluctantly acknowledges their virtues. As a mental process it is far easier to criticise than praise, uud thus the Jew offers the mosc striking op portunity in American life for every lonn of abuse, from the snicker of the vaudeville theaters to the almost ■silent denunciation expressed in terms of aloofness by great religious bodies. We are all familiar with the part play ed by the villain in melodrama, he gives quite us much pleasure in his way to the audience As the hero or, heroine. The crowd can empty all its spleen upon him, and there are many who find more satisfaction in the hiss than in the cheer. With the millions of newly-lauded immigrants throng ing to our shores uud going thru this sudden and violent change there is' ample opportunity for the critic, who cloaks his nutural instinct under the sanction of an age old religious pre judice. An element of discord and disunion is thus inaugurated in the midst of our Amerieau ideal of in clusiveness." 6. Jews Critical of One Another and pivided Among Themselves. The Jew himself is in purt respon sible for this because of that luck of cohesion which is a well-recognized luciul characteristic. There have been three waves of Judaism which have broken upon our shores. Until 184 S the Spanish and Portuguese Jews were practically the only ones known in America. They had attained in many cases an honored position in our East ern cities, the result of years of quiet arid Uiguified conduct hi the presence of a critical community. They had a sense of aristocracy all their own. Then with the Revolution in Germany came the second wave, of German Jews: This was a much larger migra tion and in due time swept uway al most eutirely the memory of the orig inal colony. There wus a definite antagonism between these- two groups which lias only ceased because the German Jews overwhelmed the situa tion by their numbers and their com mercial success. They now represent the van of Reformed Judaism and liuve maintained tlieir positiou by the establishment of great commercial or ganizations hitherto unknown in the United .States. Then in the -eighties” occurred persecutions in Russia, def initely staged by the Imperial Govern ment, and a,s a result the third npd greatest wave of refugees swept into our cities. The Russian Jew is in the asceudunt, he is rapidly becoming the typical Jew to the average citizen. Having been subject to a greater gov. eminent restriction, frequently break ing out iuto brutal persecution, he is more intensely Jewish than those who preceded him. u stronger adherent lo the old religious observances of his race, looking ulmost with skeptical eyes upon the possibility of Amerieau ideals. He does not hesitate to con demti openly those Hebrews who came before him to iliis land, and he de nounces their more lilieral religious views us not ueceptuble to the God of Israel. He lias created another rift i:i the Jewish community and claims that be alone lias been fuithful to the great traditions of the past. It is a matter of profound regret that the task of Americanizing the Jew from Eastern Europe cannot be curried out with greater definiteness by those of ills race who understand what, the Amerieau opportunity menus. Hint the process of development must be so violent and destructive, and that a race so strong and capable must exhibit to the cold scrutiny of those outside its leust fortunate characteristics ut the start. The Two-Fold Remed): 1. ..Unity Among Jews. If there is one prayer which should be offered for the Jews of America it is a .prayer of unity, in spite of tlieir internal differences tlieir problem is one problem, and in the minds of most .Americans they are classed together, the fault of one the fault of all. It will require a new form of self-sacri fice on the part of the Americanized Jew to go with outstretched hand to Ids co-religionist who lias just arriv ed, to insist upon those things which they all have iu common, and which are the most sacred possession of any race, and with iufinlte patience and love lead these outlanders into the great American heritage which eventu ally awaits theta all. 2. Greater Emphasis Jly Jews on tile Religious Ufe. Nothing less thou a religious motive win make this sacrifice possible on the part of those who are already citizens uud huve established them selves so strongly in the new land. An endeavor to improve the Jew which iguores his religion and his es sentially religious nature ,is terribly at fault. First- must be placed first, or else he will .enter into Ameri can life with the impression that he lias reached a point iu evolution where God can be cast aside, and the human intellect is sufficient, to load and con-i trol the human animal. In the great war we beheld Ger-I many, the most efficient country in the j world, go down in ruin because she hud tried this experiment and lias com pletely failed. And when her soul was revealed in terms of deeds a shudder went thru out the world at the sight of so much intelligence and industry gone wrong. I earnestly hope that in spite of tin* many and intricate difficulties in the way, that the American Hebrews who now understand the great privileges and the great temptations of American life, will set themselves seriously to rhe task of leading gently by the hand | the thousands who are now turning their faces to the land of Hope. America the Opportunity For the Jew. The Jews in America will la* a very great element in the formation of the future. In fact, within the lives of our children this country is hound to become the Jewish stronghold of tin* world. This transition will happen all too swiftly, and only a deep conviction of what Is taking place, and a faithful organization of American Jewry can avert vast waste and loss in the trans formation of the European Jew into a staunch American. It is not merely a matter of life and deatli to millions of human beings, it is far more than this, the moral and splrftual hope of a great people. Only the Jew Can Save the Jew. As a Christian 1 have devoted years of my life to the study of the Jewish Ideal. We need ills Cod consciousues* more than any other one rrnit in mak ing our dream of democracy coiue true. This trait is potentially re-born when each Hebrew child is brought forth in the congested tenements of our city life. Think for a moment of the pos sible loss In terms of the race which produced Abraham. Isaiah and Jesus, if they are neglected. The problem is so great that all petty differences disappear ns we contemplate it. It is l>eculiarly the Jewish problem. Only the Jew can help the Jew at this mo ment in our history. By all Niat you hold most sacred Iti the past, and by the shining vision of your own future. I conjure you to devote your best thought and strength to the supreme task of gathering into the great store house of American ideals the wonder ful gift that is coming to us across the seas. Perhaps you will bo “en tertaining Angels unawares.” The op portunity of Democracy is a two-edged sword; it lias within it the hope of sal \ntion and also the possibility of swift destruction. This century, even this decade, will bring to pass results which may be everlasting gain or will scud down iuto the abyss thousands who liuve come to offer us their best. Will the Jew save the Jew? Why Misunderstood? Why misunderstood V Not because of religious differences, except in so f.ir as the feeling of separation which is brought to us from Europe creates a corresponding enmity lien*. Surely misunderstood, because the Jew is the strongest race in the world, because lie is a stranger in tlu* land of free dom and has not yet learned to adapt himself to tile standard of energy ami the conventional “give and take,” and the sociul understanding which lias grown up during his two thousand years of exile from .the interior life of the Kuropeun family. Misunder stood because of Ills greater keenness, because of the habits of mind and method which have been forced upon him by centuries of deliberate injus tice, because bis best lias rarely Ik*o:i asked for, believed in or desired. Mis understood most of all in these duys, boeuuse he is divided against himself, because be is primarily an individual, and because in ibe midst of the keen competition of our American life lie lias cast aside the guide and the dis cipline of the past in order iu on" generation to grasp everything tlu* present holds. The Jew will he a Jew until the end of the chapter. He must learu to keep house with himself, rec ognizing at once his great gifts, his great temptations and nis peculiari ties, and reiuemberiug also that any permanent success lie may ever attuin must is* accompli slu'd by u full rec ognition of the God that ho has reveal ed to the civilized world. Only by holding fast to Ills religion can lie es cape the fate of Esau “who for a mor sel of meat sold his birthright. For ye know how that afterward when he would have inherited the blessing lie was rejected: for lie found no place of repentance, nltho in? sought it cure, fully with tears.” The Responsibility of the American j Jew. It is a great and terrible responsibil- i Ity to be an American Jew. It new*, hitates a higher standard of Uviug and I loving, a willingness to put aside* the small differences and the years of | hate, in order that in due time lie | may not only In* completely included in the American family, hut that lie may bring with him a spiritual vision, which in the midst of the building of a nation, and the strong emphasis which that necessitates upon lputerlul things, is the greatest need of the present and can ulouc save ns, from the fate of any national organization, •however efficient., that has forgotten God. The processes of evolution are necessurily gradual. Only those tilings remain which are till* results of a nat ural growth. Infinite patience, a THE DENVER JEWISH NEWS steadfast faith and a persistent quest of the highest caw aloue lead us thru the great labyrinth of American pos sibilities. enable us to take the right turning, and bring us at last out into the sunlight of the Father of All. •While we have time let us do good unto all men, but especially unto them thut are of the household of faith.” NATIONAL FARM SCHOOL TO ENLARGE SCOPE. 11l an effort to aid in finding a remedy for the rapidly growing menace of national food shortage, the Nation al Farm School at Doylestown, Pa lms instituted a movement for the en largement of its scope, so that it may train a larger number of scientific farmers. The purpose of the average agricul tural college is for the extension of the* knowledge of the farmer boy in mut ters agricultural, but the aim of the National Farm School is to bring tin* present-day opportunities of the farm to the city boy—to give him sufficient, training in scientific farming so that after the proper apprenticeship he can own and successfully operate his own farm. The National Farm School, which was founded twenty-three years ago by its president. The Kev. Dr. Joseph Krauskopf is entirely non-secturiau and is open and free to ail youths from all parts or the country who are morally, mentally and physically healthy, who have a common school education and ure desirous of making the pursuit of agriculture their life calling. No charge is made for tui tion. board and lodging. Nearly 87 per cent of tiie school a*re following agri culture with eminent success thruout the United States. At present the school Ims accomnio. dations for about one hundred hoys, but in view of the urgent need of greater food production. Doctor Krauskopf feels that a valuable serv ice would be rendered to the nation if the school were enlarged so us t<* provide for the training of one thou saml or more young men. According to Doctor Krauskopf the time is at hand when the nation must turn a listening car to the plea of "Back to tin* farm." "The hack to the farm idea" he said, "lias just become something more real thun a fad or the ideul dream of the impractical city man who fond ly hopes that sometime in the ne bulous future he may escape the drab drudgery of the city job by going to the country and raising chickens and gardcu truck for a living. The need of getting back to the fa rip has In come an imperious thing and if "c hope to continue to l»e a self sustain ing nation, we must heed the call Captains of Industry cry that we must speed up production in our factories, but there is just as urgent a need that we hasten the production of food on our farms. New York State headquarters of the reboot nre loeutetl at No. litli Ellleott Square, JlufftUo. Anne Bancroft Cons liuino. National Director General of tile l-'arui School Intension \A urk In charge ami Ulclianl .1. Spillanc, Finan dal Editor of the Philadelphia hedger ns General Chairman of Extol talon work. The National Committee in cludes Dr. Joseph Krauskopf. Hart Blumeutbal, director Temple Kencseth Israel, Philadelphia Alfred M. Klein financier. J. 11. Silverman, direct manager Edison Electric company. Na tional treasurer. Harry 1). Hlrc-h vice president of Federal Trust company. Philadelphia. secretary. National Headquarters are at 1001 Chestnut street, Philadelphia and checks may he sent to T. M. Silverman, treas urer. PUBLIC SCHOOL LECTURER'S REMARKS ABOUT JEWS LEADS TO CONTROVERSY. (J. c. D. Service.) E. L. CnMidgll. director of Public lecture of this city. recently addrcss «ml the following letter to lecturers assigned to discuss “The Trend of the Times” us the result of complaints received hy him that Itev. Dr. 'Wil liam Caeter, one of the lecturers, lmd made references to Russian Jews which members of the Jewish faith resented. In his letter Mr. Crandall said: “Two. great groups of our people just now are in a highly sensitized condition, psychologically, almost amounting to hysteria. 1 refer to those having either Jewish or Irish blood. Unless we belong to one of these groups, we may find it difficult to understand them. M hat is even more dangerous is to fancy >ve under stand them when we don’t. In point of fact we don’t and we can’t unless we have lieen lushed with the same losli. Most of ns haven’t. “We have embarked on a campaign of free speech. Does free speech how ever mean that wo must talk about all things at all times regardless of the wisdom or unwisdom of such pro cedure? There will be many tempta tions to touch questions; some angle of which will needlessly hurt or inflame. These temptations will come chiefly in the current events, explanations, or in the open forum discussions. It will January Clearance .p . • An event of this kind is of utmost importance to patrons of q , £ the “GEM” —for they know that the merchandise offered is of undoubted quality and newest in style. When the “GEM” vOfflS) )pUua| makes prices like these it means values that cannot be Dr. 68868 equaled in Denver—prices that stand out alone and above Included competition. SOME ONE-FOURTH and ONE-THIRD OFF Most of Them HALF PRICE and Less Hundreds of Wonderful Beautiful Coats Dresses MOO and $125 Coats 593 $6O to $75 Dresses Beautiful Coats of finest Seal Plushes. Duvet Superiors ami' finest .Bolivia*, with deep collars AH* of rich fur and exquisite linings. These Coats were originally priced up to $125 ami are really worth that price today. Beautiful evening and social Dresses of fine vol e.. , eionroolc vets. ‘lmmunise, jet and georgette, embroidered «piO 10 *>JLUU tricotines and fine velours hi tinvy and all the popular colors, worth up to $75. 49*50 $5O to $6O Dresses Coats of Baffin. Yukon amt Hudson Boat IMuslios 00.95 with elegant fur collars and cuffs. Coats of cut t » Bolivias with self or fur triiniuingH. Coats of— Duvet de Laines and Frost Glow hi new wrappy iiuNlels. choice at $49.50. Another group of lovely Dresses—embroidered tricotines. soft velvets, fine taffetas, georgettes $55 to $75 Coats at I and satins lieautifull.v liiade.new and orgii al models for street, evening and afternoon wear. m *7C worth up to $4lO. ■ »4* $4O to $5O Dresses Gootl Coats —stylish and new model* with every A A.Mn detail of Hue coats: all the ln*st wool materials as ■ well as plushes. with fur or self collars and plain m . - or fancy silk linings: every wanted color and size. at $114.75. Smart Ljrcvtues and Daiieing Frocks- — satins. taffetas, georgettes. tricotines and fine jerseys— s4s to $5O Coats at I braided ami embroidered in every new color. worth to $5O. 0A.75 $25 to $3O Dresses 1A 95 Coats worth double —plenty of Plushes with fur fl collars: Velours. Bolivias. Hilvcrtips and Lama m * ■" cloths in all colors and line sHk linings- a group tliaf will solve the question of economy In coats for Anothe gotip including malty '* pretty dresses this season. f‘ ,r street and social wear, tricotines. serges. satins, jerseys and georgettes—in all sizes; worth — SPECIAL- to s:h>. $35 and $4O Winter Coats SPECIAL You will jump right in ami buy wlien you wo Suapoy Jln-sacs with incur,Hum i«I Im thi-M' ,'oata lit tills uriee—plushus with I'm- pleated skirts, new tricotines. velours clusks collurs —bnflvltis. velours mill silvertones with mid iihtiu velours with fancy Jacket effect*: aelf or full trimmings—smart J1 A 75 worth to fSi, at. vQ 95 costs, worth so*Y anil $4O, at. only ,m| y ¥ Every Suit in Stock now in price groups $35 and $4O SUITS, ALL NEW MODELS $7O and $B5 SUITS, HIGH GRADE— -silk-lined jackets and in all ffl7 Cfl ultra-fashioned models.in every f« Cfl the new colors V• • »3U new high-class material ipJOuJU $5O and $65 SUITS, NEW STYLES— ALL OUR HIGHEST PRICED SUITS ripple and tailored styles; plenty M 9 Cfl are included at this price— (14 Cfl of navy blue flaiwU beautiful, original models lake courage to avoid these tungles sometimes, for we shall of course l»e accused of dodging. In my opinion, however, it is the part of valor as well ns discretion just notv to avoid every topic that is loaded, as these are. with political, social and psychological dynamite. ‘*1 have appealed to you In the name of the •cause.* What Is the cause/ Not free speech, surely. That is only a means to an end, and a means which all too many of our undigested citi zenry exalt into an end. The 'cause is a completer America. That means completer assimilation of difficult in gredients. Let us stick to those themes that will help along these lines and avoid all that might tend to hinder that process. Let us beware of the dangerous process of putting 'new wine in old bottles.* ** On receipt of this letter Or. Carter tendered his resignation in a letter in which lie intimated that tin* Hoard of Education was seeking to put a muz zle on free speech. Replying official ly to this communication. Director Crandall, said : “There has l>een slight friction in some other centres, particularly on tin:, Irish question, and 1 felt that the members of ‘The Trend of the Times’ faculty should not aud would not re sent a suggestion that might come in time* to provent just such an Unite cretlou as you committed in referring to u eectuin element In our popula tion us ‘the offscourings of Judaism' or 'tin* offscourings of Kuropc.* or whatever you did say. ••The essential point of difference between you and me seems to he that you apparently regard the rigid of free speech ns involving the rigid to use bud judgment. There are plenty of subjects, uml controversial sub jects. which we can discuss without 1 wounding anybody's sensibilities. As I said to you at tlic hearing at the Krasinas Hall episode. I aui afraid you cannot quite distinguish between ‘treading on people's corns,* us you cull it. and trampling on human hearts. •‘The suggestion in utv letter that wc should he mindful of the adage. ‘Meat fer strong men. but milk for italics.’ docs not imply that .either the Jews or tin* Irish or any other group of our cosmopolitan people are infants. It does imply that there is a state of mind bordering 0:1 hysteria in large i sections of the public tody.v on certain questions affecting these gropps. ••Whenever such hysteria manifests , itself it is an evidence that the pub lic mind is in a state of very dedicate equilibrium, and is liable to be very 1 easily, very unreasonably, inflamed. At such times a prudent man will be cautious in wit at ho says. It is use less to prolong tin* discussion, ami I do nut feel called upon to answer at any greater length the specious and facetious argumentation with which your letter is filled. ‘The fact is that as - a lecturer, act ing under my dJreetlon and in co operation with n dignified l*ody of men anil women, you resent sugges tions. For my letter of Dec. 2 was neither a coinmuud nor even request, hut merely a piece of friendly advice. You call this being gagged. I trust and I feel quite sure that your col leagues on the faculty of ‘The Trend of tin* Times’ will not agree with you.” A scholarship to the I'nivcrsity of Pennsylvania lias been awarded to Eva Aptakcr. a Jewish girl iu the city of Philadelphia. Of Hie one hundred pupils from the city high schools who competed for the twenty scholarships to the univer sity. Miss Aptakcr was the only girl to win. Miss Aptakcr is of Russian birth and has studied in tlic schools of the city, graduating with high honors from the Germantown High school. The scholarships, which are for four years, were awarded by Mayor Moore.