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Denver Jewish News Vol. VIII. May Jewish Young Men Go to College? Harvard is not tin* first American ttiiivi rsit.v to attempt to limit tin pro. portion of .f«*\vs in its midst. It is merely tin* frankest. Other colleges lmvt* gone far further without admit ting it. The Harvard Faculty passed a measure )>cnuittiug more elasticity in considering candidates for admis sion on other grounds than those of vharncter and of scholarship. The Faculty did uot at first realize that this meant* discrimination against the Jew: when it did. it rescinded tin* action taken. Yet tin* honorable action of. the Har vard Faculty does not solve the prob lem of the Jew in American colieges. Tin* incident merely calls attention to the tendency in American universities to establish an academic Pale. Co lumbia I'niversity lias in the past two jours reduced the percentage of .lews in her incoming classes from 40 per cent to 22: New York Fniverslty Isi re ported to have effected an even more stringent mind ion; and other uni verities have adopted or are consid ering similar methods. It is a matter which college presidents have discuss, ed among t4u in selves, and which has i*een whispered about at Fnotiltj miss ings. It was high time to Imtil it out into tin* limelight. l>*t us face the question in all frank ness. in the two decades before the war a Hood of .lews poured out of Russia and Poland into the Fnltisl , States. They had not the sum cul tural background as the Herman Jew. | isli immigration: they came from’ tin*, ghettos of the Pale; the tradition of persecution and discrimination, even | of pogroms, ran red in their veins. We let them heap up in our dingiest tene ments iiud tolerated exploitation of them in our darkest sweatshops. Their own efforts, their readiness to toil ; night ii ud day. have brought them a little of tills world’s giMsls. and they are now sending their sons to college With all their limit, for money they have retained an extraordinary respect for learning. V larger proportion of jews go to college than of any ether race in America. They are accord ingly. flooding tiie universities in the cities where they have congregated. The College of the Ci y of New York l as become n:t overwhelmingly Jewish eidlege—more than '.hi per cent of its students nre Jews. Columbia’s Jew ish percentage ctypt steadily .upward until. In P.H». the freshman class en tering the college was more than 40 per cent Jewish. The Wharton School of Commerce, the largest department of the I'niversity of Pennsylvania, has *J7 per cent Jews, and the medical school is reported to have even more. At Harvard the percentage, which ten years ago was lietween - r > and 10, lias reached, 20. And these Jews, coming increasingly from noor immigrant homes, are often unable to live in the eidlege dormitories or to share i:i un dergraduute 1 if< —even if they were wanted. Many of them live* at home eat a pocket lunch on tl\l* college campus, and leave the university grounds to earn tlio money for their tuition, by night work. Many retain tiie gregniousness born of life in tin* Pale, and remain only hnlf-assimilnt ed. It: Is natural that university officials should attempt to stem this tide. A- Mr. .T. P. davit put it in tiie New York : Evening Post.’’ there are “col leges which arc simply young gentle men's country clubs for tin* nleasant prolongation of the period of adole scence.” There is also tiie genteel tradition at Harvard. Va'e. aud Prince ton. flraduation from them lias in tin past earried with it a rather elemen tary but still real degree of social prestige. Tin* infiltration of a mass of pushing .voting men with a foreign ac cent. accustomed to overcome discrim ination by self-assertion, would obvi ously change the character of under graduate lift* at any of these institu tions and lessen its social prestige. So the discrimination lias begun Some colleges have appointed local alumni committees which meet and I ass upon candidates from their cities, a method obviously open to abuse. Oth ers have adopted tests of "ehiirueter.’’ or a system of psychological tests. It is widely charged that the psycholo gical tests have been used to discrim inate against Jews: ccntainly tin* drop in percentage of Jews which has fre. iMicnfly followed their application is extremely suspicious in view of the previous complaint tha/' the Jews ran away with ail the prizes and scholar ship. Columbia College lias combined wiili mental tests a study of tin* 11 i»i»1 i (•jiiil's record. Net ynly wore lus "out side” school activities considered, hut the principal of his high school is asked to mark him) upon a series of character traits, including "fair play” “public spirit.” "interest i:i follows,” and leadership"— traits in which a school principal of old American stock I- likely to rank low the hoy from an immigrant homo who is excluded from some of the social life of his fel. lows by perjudice and by the need of earning his own way from more. Other colleges have definitely limited their total attendance, thus creating a wait ing list—and, as the director of ad missions of one Kastern college said to an editor of ‘‘The Nation.” with a waiting list you can tie almost any thing." This kind of concealed ex clusion of course disgraces any uni versity which adopts it. If a college Is to exclude Jews or to limit them, let It state that fact, and give its reasons. With a fill I realization of the com plex and tragic nature of the problem we go further: we say that tin* col lege or university which wishes to be the Alma Mater of the lenders of the America of tomorrow can make neither score* nor open exclusion on tin* ground of race or creed. The character of our universities Is chang ing already: it will be still more changed by this infusion of strange Mood. Some of the Inanity of tin* aristocratic tradition will he lost. Ilut America in (hanging: it is no longer a nation of Anglo-Saxon stock: It is a nation molded' by that stock but js*r petunllv being transformed by the Inter comers. The American uni versity must change to either moving with tin* country or in the reverse di rection. Kitiier it must become a lim ited social institution, living on mem ories of other duys — and a university which bars a persecution-scarred race cannot* keep alive the traditions of hi toiled uni integrity of noblesse oblige, and of essential democracy which have made our elder universities play so great a role in American life—or It mu<t open its doors frankly and fairly to all who can meet Its require ments of scholarship. The social unity of undergraduate lib* may suffer: but in Intellectual vigor there will lx* gain. A university like n perparatory school, will, if it wishes prestig* as a social club, exclude or discourage the newer immigrants: a university which dedicate* itself to the pursuit of triiili end which wishes to maintain 11-vK as a hearthstone of the mind can make no such discrimination. Only tin* Itus sin of the Czars did what our uni versities are beginning to do: only Poland. Ktunnnhi. and Hungary do so today. America cannot afford to class itself with the most backward in Kurope.—The Nation. SIX RABBIS GRADUADUATED AT HEBREW UNION COLLEGE (•ymnnsitlm to Be Erected by Mrs. Freiberg The graduation exorcises of the He brew Cnion College took .plnee June 17th nt the elm pel of the college. He grees of nihhi were conferred upon six young nu*n. They are Ferdinand Myron ISKorman. IV A.. of Newark N J.: Julius Mark. IV A., of Cincinnati ; Samuel IT. Markowitz. M. A., of I’otts town. Pa.: Klihu Starrels. I! A., of Philadelphia. I'a.: Harry Joshua Stern TV A., of Steubenville. 0.. and William M. Stern. TV A., of San Fran, cisco. Calif. Tin* degree of doctor of divinity was conferred on Prof. Solomon I). Free hof. Honorary degree of doctor of He brew law were conferred on Prof. Moses Ruttenweisor. Ph. D„ and Prof. Louis rjrossmnn. D. P. There was a large attendance at the exercises, representatives coming from various Jewish communities thruout the country. A report on the dormi tory campaign which was conducted by the National Federation of Temple Sis terhods. under the direction of Mrs. Abram Simon, was read, announcing that SIOO 000 had already been raised. The total required to erect the dormi tory is $2.70,000. and it is expected that the remaining sum will he obtained within the next few months. Announce ment was also made that plans for the dormitory will soon he adopted and that ground will be broken shortly, and it is expected that the dormitory will be ready for the students, begin ning with the college year 102. T It is learned that President Ober gon of Mexico will soon publish a de tailed statement regarding the conces sions Mexico is prepared to give to Jewish settlers from Eastern Europe. OPINIONS Personal • Local • National • International Booze Selling on Government Ships Strikes At Foundations of Republic Individual Respect for Law Dif ficult in Face of Governmental Violation—Biblical Command ment Is Cornerstone of Society By VICTOR NKI.'HAUS. "ONOR thy father and thy mother” is one of . the most important “H of the Ten Commandments. It is violated and disregarded every day. So little attention is paid to it by our diverse Christian denominations that its disregard is simply appalling. Others of the Commandments are of a mutual nature. They; are much like the contract sociale [ of John Jacques Rosseau. It’s a case of don't kill me and I won’t kill you, respect my prop erty and I’ll respect yours. But the commandment requir ing children to honor their par ents is the very foundation of ' moral life. It is the cornerstone ' of our social institutions. It is the very beginning of law and order. And only respect for our laws will maintain the institu tions of society. Lack of such respect is re sponsible for the orgies of crime, for the licentious conduct of our growirig youth. We are prone to wonder here 1 in democratic America how au- ' tocratic governments maintained themselves so long in Europe and withstood comparison with a 1 modern democracy. Some of us may have come to a wrong con clusion in answering this ques tion and we may have been equal ly at error in assuming that the success of democratic govern ment is assured for all time. : There are people whose opin ions are worthy of consideration j and who honestly believe the : monarchist form of government is best for them. They argue that the majority of countries are not ripe for self government and that the most economical, as well as the most efficient, is not 1 a government of the people but ' a system headed by a king who, inherits his power and position. The greatest advantage of a j hereditary head of a government is the fact that his power is un questioned by any of his law abiding subjects. They unques- • tionably accept him as their ruler. They engage in no con troversy that can split the citi zenship asunder and endanger its solidarity. “In the name of the king” is far better understood by the ignorant than is our “in the name of the law.” One may see j a king but one may only sense a j law. Theoretically, the monarchial government should be efficient— there is no excuse for it being: otherwise —as it has the advan tage of training from early youth the holders of official positions. Governmental administration is a life career. The king is born to his office. He inherits both policies and the machinery for putting them into effect. The | foundation of his throne is the respect of his subjects for their ruler and what he represents. Now, let us analyze the ma chinery of a republic. There never are less than two dominat j ing political parties and usually Wednesday, June 28, 1922 By Victor Neuhaus jthere are minor organizations i which have some issue its sup porters hope will be the big ques | tion some day. The material avail- I able for the differentoflicesisnot always the most intelligent nor the most honest nor the most sin cere. It is the greatest wonder that under such donditions dem ] ocratic governments have not broken down altogether. Much i of this is credit to the United States of America which holds the leading position not only among the democratic nations but among all the countries of the world. That all democratic govern ments have not succeeded as the United States is demonstrated by a step across the boundery line into Mexico. In Mexico there are men just as sincere and just as honest as in our country. But in the land to our south, strife between influential fami lies has been kept alive thruout the years and has been a breeder of continuous revolutions. No matter what its form, gov ernment— whether monarchial or democratic—must be founded upon .respect of existing institu tions if it is to endure. And respect must start at the begin ning. Individuals who cannot command respect in •their own homes cannot command, respect • when they are associated togeth er as a government. Children who do not honor their parents cannot expect respect from the children they, themselves, will rear. And individuals who will not honor one another certainly cannot be expected to honor or respect law. Respect for authority must be taught from the cradle. The youth, who honors his parents, honors authority. And respect for authority is synonymous with good citizenship in years to come. A republic can be maintained only so long as its citizens honor and respect its institutions. They must have reverence for their forefathers whose accomplish ments made possible the govern ment in this country today. And this respect for law must be collective as well as individual. The government which refuses i to obey its own laws can hardly ] expect those laws to be taken | seriously by individuals. It is most deplorable to discover a law | means one thing for us as in dividuals and another thing for us as a government. We refer to the merchant marine prohibi tion scandal. ' One branch of our government is bending every effort to appre hend and punish individuals who : violate the prohibition law. An other branch of our government, at the same time, is brazenly ( violating that very lew. Citizens iare not permitted to sell intoxi | eating liquors but government owned ships, with governmental sanction, maintain floating bars over which is served any alco holic beverage the wettest “wet” j desires. This is a much more serious matter than a mere dispute be tween “wets” and “drys.” It may mean the weakening or the very , downfall of our government. | Why should the meanest crim inal feel any compunction about committing the most atrocious ' crime when the government, thru subterfuge, tried to justify its evasion of the law? We all know a government own- I ed ship is just as much United States territory as is the post office building here in Denver. And we know the prohibition law applies to a United States vessel in mid ocean just as much as it does to any home here in Den ver. Our lawmakers have a great responsibility. It is their duty to consult not only their own in clinations but the interests of all the people as well. They should no more enact laws which are too much in advance of the times than they should permit anti miated statutes to remain in ef fect. Both work a hardpship up on the people without bringing about any noticeable amount of good. No law can be respected or uni-' versally enforced unless it is bas ed upon the principle -of equal justice to all. And its necessity for the mutual protection of all must be apparent. It has been said repeatedly that the best gov- 1 eminent is the one that governs least. Especially is this true in a republic. The majesty of the law must be established in our country as firmly as it is established in Eng-! land. It must be looked up to 1 with the same respect and ven eration as are the crowned heads of the smaller European coun tries. Like the king, the law can do no wrong. To achieve this degree of re spect for authority we must de pend upon education. Children .must be taught to respect their parents, their teachers, even their honest antagonists. The fanatic who has no respect for the ideas of others will alwaysj be a danger to society no matter how excellent his intentions may be. Children who grow up with filial respect naturally have re spect for all authority. They ac cept laws as they find them. They recognize governmental rules as something to be obeyed—not an inspiration for mockery. More people are law abiding thru fear of losing the respect and confidence of their fellows than thru fear of punishment. And it is because they were rear ed in accordance with that com mandment : “Honor thy father and thy mother.” LAST OF THE NATHANSOHN, LEAVES THE FOLD Warsaw. Victor \'at hansohn. niein ' her of tin* wVII-knmvn assimiintionist family in Poland with whom eonver- J sion to Cutholieism liad become a 1 tradition, was yostorday baptized and married a Christian. 110 was the las of tin* Xnthansohns who had surrep litiously clung to tin* faith of Ills an 1 costors. Announcement of his withdrawal from tho Agmlath Israel, tin* militant orthodox organization has boon made hy Dr. Nathan lUrnbaum. who now j ]imposes to create a joint organiza ' tiott of all religions. Tho ohjeet of ! ihe proposed organization will lie to light religions laxity among all faiths. Dr. Itirnhantn declared puldie !y. adding: “A Catholic or Moslem hoHever is nearer to tin* than a Jew ish apikores.” Itcscntment over the recent speech hy Dr. flskaw Cohn. Jewish Socialist Deputy. i:i the Prussian Diet, in the course of which he is alleged to have slandered Generals llindenhurg and LudcndorfT. is widespread in many patriotic eirchs ip Iterlin. The slnr is vehemently objected to hy (icriunn officers, the three largest officers* or gani’/ations having passed resolutions denouncing the insult on their chiefs. MOVE TO ORGANIZE MEXICAN JEWISH COLONIZATION ASSOCIATION. Chicago .lews Act on President Ohre gon’s Oiler of Trael of Land for Jewish Seltiers. (Jewish Telegraphic Agency) Chlcngo Aii organization to Im* known as tin* Mexican .lewisli Colonizn flon AssiM-iatioii lias been In 11 ik*li«ml lien* following (In* publh-ation of President uhregon's letter to Paul \V. Itothen herg. offering facilities for the settle meiit of east Piiropcnn Jews in Mexico. The new assoeiafion it is learned will lie a closed corporation, without stock, and is to he incorporated under the laws of the State of Illinois.- Leading in this movement are Judge Joseph Sliiiluian. Paul Kothculicrg and Assistant District Attorney Pittman. A group of live Chicago Jews including Philip (iinshurg. publisher of the "Jew ish Courier" will leave for Mexico with* |in a week. They will In* accompanied by agricultural, geological and indus trial experts. After looking over the ground, it is planned to complete the ur , rangeinents w*ith the Mexican CJovern i incut. Jewish organizations, not a lily ! the Joint Distribution Committee and | American Jewish Committee, it is said. (will In* asked to lead their aid to the Association. | The Association*}* mission to Mexico., I it is understood will he conducted hv Senator Hchlnimer of Arizona, a friend iof President Ohregon’s. The Senator is I due to'arrive here on Friday, the mis | sioil expecting to leave for Mexico City \ the next day. 1 Many well known Chicago Jews are evincing great Interest in the project, persons close to the initiators say. Julius Uoscuwuld. millionaire philan thropist. is lielleved to he int«*rested hut awaiting the outcome of the proceed ings at Mexico City. Fifteen thousand dollars for initial expenses of the mission will Is* raised'! it is cxp**cted. at the meeting of the newly-foruied Mexican Jewish Colonizn- i tioti Association on Tuesday evening. j BILL TO GIVE WOMEN INDEPENDENT CITIZENSHIP WILL CAUSE NEW HARDSHIP FOR IMMIGRANTS. (J. <\ R. Service) Washington Following: closely on j the heels of Hi** proposal now hill j jo lowor quoins from tliroo »«• two percent Iho House Imm ignition oom mil too ill a s|H'oini meting Mini hear ing look stops to priw-ooil with) a hill recently int ro»luoo*l hy Representative I'nhle of Texas ami momhor of com mittec wliioh wouhl ropoal tlio pro visions of existing law* antomalUnlly conferring citizenship upon wivos of naturalized ami nativo citizens ir respective of tlioir previous national ity. I'mlor Representative t'ahlo'- 1 proposed moasuro tlio allon wifo of an American citizen would romaln an allon. Accord Ihg to Congressman Siegel of Now York tills hill would oroafo great hardships It would chantro status of foroltru wivos of nat uralizod citizens now admissible a* oltlzons since tliov automatically un der tlio present law Ikh*Olllo American citi/.ons although living abroad will help tlio oarly rotrlstration of the Man 1 da to. And that is. after all. what ; was aimed. DELEGATION LEAVES TO EXPLORE MENACY, TERRITORY. (.r. B. Service) Chicago The .•-.•wish «i g\t mu loj « \plorc Ihe Mexican territory offen d Itits.shui .lews headed by Paul Until., enberg. left Chicago tl»i«* evening ami ] is due In Mexico Monday morning The delegation of seven Is accom panied by several engineer.!. agricul tural experts and newspapermen. If the result of the investigation i» favorable, tin* del«*ga!hin will prn , red to Mexico City to resume nogotln i otis with Mexican (toveriiincnt. sc* oiling charier and *!»«*.» returning to He States Jo submit Iho-case |.i rep resentatives of American Jewry. Before his departure Mr. Itotheuberg issued a statement to the press, say i ing that lie was eager to bring a truth | in! report and if the report is net fa | \orable In* would be the first t• • re ' ioet the offer whieli was made will. the liest intentions, lie i.< ream'- l*° ! said .to step aside and let leaders of I Amerienn Jews net. being eontent with | having conirihuted something that may j henclit tile Jewish people. Representatives of all emigration or i gaiiizaf ions liav»* decided to sever re ; bit ions with the Jewish Workmen's Emigration Committee of Warsaw ns it rosull of the hitter’s refusal to have a commission investigate eltnrges of graft made by tin* Yiddish emigration [ weekly, t lie “Emigrant.” No. 26 Author of Annapolis Insult Penalized OI.MSTKAI). EDITOR OF -U'CKV < ||A«" LOSES LETTER OF REC OMMENDATION FIM NIH IM. KV POSE OF TRICK ON LEONARD KAPLAN. IIIN RIVAL IN SCHOL ARSHIP. 1.1 .m. Inh Telt-frruttliic Washington -Acting s.nvtiirv ,of Navy Roosevelt this afternoon an nounccd tlmt lu* liiiil sent a letter to Rear Admiral Wilson. Superintendent ol tin* Xuvnl Academy demanding :i full n:nl imim*<l inti* r»*|H»rt i*f I!««• treat ment «if Knsign # l«eonnrd Kaplan in the “Lucky Rng." the Academy Year Rook. placing his biography on the hist page pi*rfornti*il so thnt It could Im* torn out hy his classmates aml op posite. obviously maligned <»n tiei-oiint of his Jewish origin, in a fictitious hiogrnphienl coluinn lioinleil ••l’orky” mill nttrihuing his l.irliplm-e ns "Zion Cottny of Cork."’ Roosevelt also sent a telegram reply ing to one of protest from Congressman Siegel, who is now in New York, in forming him of demand made upon, tin* Superintendent, the notion having Is’cn taken lH*fore the receipt of Represen tative's Sh*gel’s wire. That* Admiral Wilson had already taken cognizance of the matter before Roosevelt's action was shown also to day hy his revocation this morning of letter of commendation Issued on grad uation to .1. !.. Olmstead editor of the ••Lucky Rag." as one of the four high est in class. The pr«*sent official ac tion followed the expose in the Sen ate by Senator Sutherland. West Vlr. ginia. Kaplan's home state. The Senator's action was entirely on his own initiative, bused on a local newspaper item, neither Kaplan nor aor anyone else having approached him alsiut the matter. •'I am concerned." he told the Jew ish Telegraphic Agency, "not • illy by this incident alone but what it n • .v uncotisi-Jously n-veal. of a fee ing against Jens at Academy wldeli must be thoroughly ilives igated and nipped in the hud." Senator Sutherland also made pnh lle the letter lie seat to President Harding yesterday, asking "Immediate steps to punish those guilty of this offense and to prevent its recurrence hereafter in any school controlled hy t Joveriimeiit." The Senator's letter further declare* •'Tills treatment of this young man apparently for the purpose of stig matizing him because ality and possibly to act as deterrent to others of the same nationality from entering the school. I am sure will appeal to your as being un-American and most reprehensible." , Members of the graduating class in Washington today protested against the imputation of Anti-semitism point ing to the fact that there are five «>r six other Jews in the class against whom no unfriendly attitude what ever Inul been manifested, their bio graphies appearing the same as other members of the class. Kaplan's unpopularity they claim lay entirely in Ills overzcnlous study ing at the expense of student ac tivities. On th<* Cither linlid. champions of Kaplan call attention to the references to "Zion" as showing anti Jewish animus. Kaplan was second in class t Mins tend, editor of the "Lucky Rag. being first. The two had run neck and neck through course. Many here com ment o:i Oltns cad's unsportsmanlike attitudi in stooping to his unsavory trick, and spoke in admiration of Kap lan's cfNirngcous silence aml gritty four years' surivlval of snubhling. justifying Mr. Siegel's description of him flint "no finer specimen of Amer ican manhood and gentlemen had ever lieen at Academy." DEPUTIES BOARD MORE REPRESENTATIVE. (.!. <*. I*. Sendee) London Tlic newly-ooiistitnted I ton rd of .lowi-h Deputies i* now com prised of L’.'t2 delegates including ropre setrtntlves from Hourly till synagogues mid parties. it whs announced tit the iiiontlily mooting today. Loading Jewish orgunlxntlons over sons are being asked by tin* Deputies to support tin* I'fTort of tin* League of Nutlons to obttiin modifications of the n*st riot ions on Jewish immigration. I>isonssion on tin* jirovlons dooision nf ibi* 1 tonrd to solid in delegates to tin* general Koron Ilayesod Coiifordnce re suited in tin* proposal lining roforrod back to tin* I,;iw Committee. Advoontos of tin* Koron Iln.vesqri nre oonfldent the i I ton til will participate.