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Denver Jewish News Vol. VIII. PYRAMID OF DOLLARS TO BE GATHERED SOON THOUSANDS OF HOMELESS JEWS WAITING TO ENTER PALESTINE REPORTS MRS. RU'IIARM GOT THE1L AFTER TOUR IN EUROPE. •‘Pyramid of Dollars’' to Be Gathered By Hundreds of Women Workers Speaking to » gathering of several hundred women at a banquet at Pennsylvania Hotel on Tuesday. No vendH»r 14, Mrs. Richard Gottlioll. President of the Keren Ilnyesod Women’s League, who has just return ed from a tour of Europe, reported that she found thousands of Jewish refugees living in the most precarious conditions op the outskirts of cities, in tents ami other plan's of tempor ary shelter, aud encouraged l>y the one* hope that they would be enubled to emigrate to Palestine. The oc casion was to murk the l>eginni»g «*f the new year of active work} for the Mrs. Richard Gottheil Kmji Hayeaod by the woipcu who took a prominent part In tbe cam paign* last year, when they raised In New York alone $75.4100 and snl>- Htantlal sums in Cblcaxo, Cleveland, Boston, and other cities. The gathering was presided over by Mrs. Simon ItoUicuberg wlio pre sented a program of activities for the coming year, of which one of the features is a so-called “pyramid of dollars,” a plan under which,, with a dozen women giving one dollar apiece, und each giving the names of ten other women, each of the latter to gjvo one dollar apiece and the names of eight other women, etc., the sum of $120,000 Is expected to Ik* raised. Mrs. Gottlienl spoke on the condi tion of the Jews In Europe as she ob ■ served them and dwelt particularly on the plight of the refugees. "Instead of dwelling long on I lie misfortunes of our people, let us rut her devote our thoughts to the cure,” she concluded. "As in the duy.4 of old Deborah, and Miriam were fJio harbingers of vic tory to a discouraged people, so we. the women of America, uniting un der the banner of the Keren llayesod, will have the glorious privilege of making Palestine again a land flawing with milk and honey.” Emanuel Neumann, Secretary of the Keren Hayesod. who preceded Mrs. Gottheil, praised the achievements of the women in the campaigns hist year. Not only had they raised substantial sums of money, lie said, but they had lieen instrumental In creating enthu siasm among all the workers, men and women alike. RABBIS AGAINST BIBLE TEACHING IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS. (J. C. B. Service) San Francisco —In connection with the decision of the Appelate Court <•©• during the Bible a sectarian book and therefore prohibiting its use in Californian pTfhlhj schools. Inform Rabbis Martin Meyer and Jacob Nieto declared in an interview, that they were glad to the decision. The Bible should be omitted from public instruc" tion of school children because it "ill caus>* denominational conflict, they stated. INVENT NEW INTERNATIONAL JEWISH PLOT. (Jewish Telegraphic Agency) Vienna —A new anti-Semitic dally lias started its appearance. The first issue contains the first chapter of a new revelation regarding a great in ternational Jewish plot which the paper-declares has been prepared by the Elders of Zion. The paper says that the following chapters will con tain discoveries of a startling nature. AUTON CHAMBERLAIN, HIS BROTHER NEVILLE AND COL ONEL AMERY SUPPORT ZION IST POLICY. (Jewish Telegraphic Agency) LondQD —Tim** letters. addressed to Itov. Dr. Cohen of Birmingham, nil supporting tin* Zionist policy, wore dis closed at tlio time of the election*. They were from throe Birmingham randidnoN; Austen Chatnberlnln. the lute lead of the House of Commons, ids brother Neville. Postmaster Gen eral and Colonel Amery, Minister of Admiralty. Austen Cl»aml»erhiJn wrote: “I can not conceive any new Government re pudiating the pledge given by lA>rd Balfour, or alter in any way tin* policy of the late Government, regard, ing Palestine. “The acceptance of the Mandate iin posed obligations on this country which I am confident all British Gov ernments will feel-lK>und to fulfill.” Neville Chamberlain wrote: "I consider this country definitely pledg ed to uphold the Balfour IhHilara tion. I rJioiild, therefore certainly oppose any proposal to retract our promise.” Colonel Amery wrote: “I hope that it may la* possible to reduce the| ex penses of Palestine hut I s«*e no reason for abandoning the general policy we adopted or going hack on the pledges we made.” “YIDGESCOM" TO COMBAT MONKEY LENDERS. (Jewish Telegraphic Agency) Mo«co\r—To counteract the activi ties of usurious money lenders now flourishing in all parts of Russia, delegates to the “Yidgescom” or the Jewish Public comity! t tee decided ut its three-day conference here to estab lish nil Industrial and Agricultural Credit Rank. The Conference recommended also the expenditure for relief of a mil lion dollars next year, of which a small ptvtion, probably not more than teu per cent, will -be niwd locally, the main support coming from the Joint Distribution comlttee, the “Ort” and other organisations. Particular ly. the “Yidgescom** looked to the con. tinued support of the Landsman- M'luiftcn In America, on whose co operation this Jewish relief system largely depends. It was decided also that hereafter the “Yidgescom” will concentrate! Its activity on children's aid and profes sional and technical education. Discussions regarding the scope of the “Yidgescom” work brought forth an Interesting suggestion by the Left Tonic Zion lender. Ostrowskl. who Is a memlter also of the Praesidium. that the “Yldescom” ultimately bocoe the basis of the “Jewish National Pro letarian Autonomy.” Tills wad vigor ously opposed by nil speakers, who stressed I.* temporary nature of the Yidgescom.” which, 1 they declared, was established in order to aid the Soviet Government nut 11 normal con ditions permitted the goremment to handle the situation alone. It might nko ten years, it was pointed dut, before the .Government reaches such a stage and then the “Ylflgesqom” will disband. It was the sense of the conference, therefore, that the activity of the “Yidgescom” inns he the (Jerritorial and not national, although* it wfll work mostly in parts of the country chiefly populated by Jews. ASK AMERICAN AID IN UNEARTHING CITY OF DAVID. (Jewish Telegrnphlc Agency) Jerusalem—The aid is Invited of Governments that are members of the Ivague of Nations as weH as of archeological societies in the United States engaged in excavations in Pal estine, 1n the task of laying bare tin* site of tiie City of I>avi«\ in Je rusalem. The invitation has been ex tended by the Government of Pales tine. MARCUS AARON ELECTED PRESIDENT OF PITTSBURGH BOARD OF EDUCATION. (J. C. B. Service) Pittsburgh, Pa.—Marcus Aaron yes terday succeeded David 11. Oliver as President of the Board of Public Edu cation of Pittsburgh. JOINT DISTRIBUTION COMMITTEE AIDS IN ESTABLISHMENT OF JEWISH ARTISANS’ BANK. Vlennn —The Joint Distribution com* niittee bus agreed to support the estnb lishmen of a Jewish Artisans’ Bank on condition that, the Jews of Vienna contribute 100.000.000 kronen towards it. FEDERAL OFFICIALS TO LAUD WOMEN’S WORK COUNCIL OF JEWISH WOMEN COMMENDED FOR IMMIGRANT AID. Atlantic City.. N. .I.—At the opening meeting of the Hoard of Managers of ilie Connell of Jewish Women, which is convening at the Breakers Hotel. Miss, Hose Brenner of Brooklyn. X. V.. President, referred in her message to the tribute paid to tills organiza tion by Commissioner General of Im migration Husband, and National Im migrant Aid ngeuoies. Throughout the various centers of Europe, a pamphlet “What Every Emigrant Should Know*’ Is distributed by the Council’s rep resentatives to snv<* prospective emi grants the pain and disappointment of being turned away at Ellis Island because their Journey had been under taken without sufficient and proper information. Miss Brenner declared: "I desire to lay especial stress up *ll Hie excellent publications of the I department of Immigrant Aid. its noteworthy monthly bulletin "The Immigrant" and the highly laudable pamphlet “What Every Emigrant fthouid Know.” Governent officials as well as every volunteer agency inter sted in immigration lias commended lour Department on these publications. “I venture to declare that no agency devotee! to social welfare dur ing the past year, add a more val uable contribution to American thought and opinion than lias ls*cn rendered by this Department of the Council in its analyzing and clarify ing of the prevailing chaotic theories amV prejudices regarding immigration problems. # This fortunately is a work in which every Council Section, no matter how small, and every member if the Council of Jewish Women, may assist, and I have repeatedly urged upon the Sections and tlielr members, their duty la these days of confused thought and unformed opinion, to in form themsolveii thoroughly, fmpor ially and sanely upon the great prob lems of Immigration, concerning which the Council claims the right to speak with the authorative knowledge horn of long experience. The Council lias never taken a single step to encour age or stimulate immigration, hut as an organization of American citizens uliose particular function it long has been to prepare the foreign-born woman for tier American environment and her American duties, it asserts our obligation to prepare the way for saner, j uater methods of immigration policy and to this end invites the co operation of every Council member.” Mrs. Harry Stemberger of New York City. National Executive Secre tary, announced in her annual report !hat the Council of Jewish Women now includes 4.5.000 mijmliers thruout the United States and Canada, and tlint the Council’s publication "The Jewish Woman” lias been welcomed professors of soelologly and librarians at the most prominent universities and colleges. At a special afternoon meeting open to the men and women of Atlantic City. Mrs. Alexander Ko lnit. of New York City, chairman of the committee on European Reeon struction, described the work of aid and instruction Indng offered to Rus sian refugees through the Council’s Immigrant Center established at Riga* Lntvia. Mrs. Nathaniel E. Harris, chairman of the committee on Foreign Relations, announced the organization of a Council of Jewish Woen at Itig*. TEN JEWS ELECTED IN BRITISH PARLIAMENT. (Jewish Telegraphic Agency) London—Teu Jews were elected- to tlie House of Commons: Sir Philip Sassoon. Sir Walter Defrece. Major Brunei Cohen, son-in-law of Sir Stuart Samuel Lionel de Rotheliild. Samuel Samuel and Sir Harry S. funnel were the conservative members elect ed. Sir Alfred Mond. Sir Arthur Levy Lever E. A. Straus. Lloyd georgeans, and Sir Percy A. Harris, liberal. T T p to the present counting, the Con servatives are leading with a big ma jority. Among the pro-Zionist dele gates who were elected are Colonel Josiah Wedgwood and Ramsay Mac- Donald. Honorable Edwin anffl-Zionlst, Winston Churchill and Arthur Henderson, leader of the Labor Party were defeated. A violent cam paign was waged against Henderson by the Daily Express, the Daily Mail and other papers because of a state ment ho had given to the Jewish Cor. respondent Bureau favoring Britain’s remaining in Palestine. Wednesday, November 29, 1922 Indian Summer ». WE fit MItCHEI-U '<• The stillm *h that dotl| wait on change Ik here; Some pause of expectation owns the hour; And faint ftud far I hear tin* noa complain Where* grey and nnswprlcss tl»o headlands tower. Slow fails rlie evening of the dying year. Mihfy and dim the 1 waiting forests lie. Chill ocean wind* the wasted wood land grieve. And enatward loitering the leaves go hy. Trust thou the craft iof Nature. Lo! for thee A comrade wise she* moves, serenely sweet. With wilful prescience mocking sense of loss For us who mourn love’s unretum ing foot. Trust thou her wisdom, she’ will re concile Tin* faltering spliff to eternal change i When. In her fading then shalt touch Dear luiml long dead and know them not as strange. For thee a golden panfldc she breathes Where in the mystery of this re pose. Wlille dentil !» dreaming life, the waning wood . With war-caught ifcht of licnvcn divinely glows. Thou, when the final loneliness sounds near, Anti earth to oartli recalls her tired child. fn the sweet constancy of Nature strong Shalt dream again—li©w dying Na ture smiles. TURKISH GOVERNMENT ORGANIZED JEWISH OPPOSITION AGAINST BRITISH MANDATE. (Jewish Telegraphic Agency) Londou—/The London Jewish Chron icle report* that Ifnnihl Bey. one of Kenny’s representatives in Constant I noule has confident (ally requested the Chief Rabbinate of Turkey to or ganise meetings in favor of transfer*- Ing the Palestine Mandate to Turkey. The Rabbinate replied that it bolds aloof from polities. It has. however, furtiier reports say. been requested to send a delegation representing Turk ish Jewry, to Lausanne. It appears that the Turks are in close touch wl*h the Palestine Arabs and are inciting them to revolt against British rule, the Jewish Chronicle states. RABBI AS KEMALIST ADVISER. London—Rabbi Chaim Naliomn. for mer Turkish Hahn Baacbl. a conspicu ouß adherent of the Turkish Nation alists, lias arrived In London and i« understood to be holding discussion! on Kemalist matters with members of the British Government. Rabbi No hou is also proceeding to Lausanne, it is stated, but in a private capacity, as “an unofficial advisor of th*s Kern nlist delegation.” JEWS URGED TO ESTABLISH RUSSIAN EMIGRATION CENTERS (Jewish Telegraphic Agency.) Moscow —Some foreign Jewish or ganization should make it its task to estahlh-) 1 ! immigration centers in various parts of Russia and Ukraine to handle the problem of Jewish emi gration. according to the considered opinion of well-known communal work ers. They point out that the Jews in America are causing their relatives great hardships by encouraging them to sell their few possessions and leave tlipir homes without complete docu ments or funds. Hundreds of such emigrants are already stranded in Moscow and in towns on the Prussian border, most of them starving an 1 suffering all the extremities of the cold weather. 4889 PALESTINE IMMIGRANTS IN NINE MONTHS. (J. C. B. Service) Jerusalem —During tlic nine months ending September 1022. only 5880 Jewish immigrants' entered Palestine, according to official figures just pub lished. The decrease is a-, counted for by the fact that for the period of Jour months following the Jaffa riots 1n 1921. Jewish immigration to Palestine was practically suspended. Jewish immigration picked up slightly during October 1022. when 720 arrivals of immigrants and pio neers were reported. SEES DECLINE OF ANTI-SEMITISM EVERYWHERE Situation of Jewx Improving, Is Presi dent's Report to American # JewW» Committee. (Jewish Telegraphic Agency) New York Anti-Semitism is no longer a force which Jews have to fear, except in Central ami East Eu ropean rerun tries where reactionary elements, and particularly the rem nants of the Monarehist parties in (Jermany, are making hatred of the Jews a hand-maiden of their political schemes, was the re-assuring report rf Ismis Marshall, President of the American Jewish committee, to over sixty Jewish leaders from all parts of tin* country assembled in tlie six tieth annual meeting of the commit, toe Sunday morning at Hotel Astor. Mr. Marshall declared anti-Semitism still exists in Latvia, Poland and Hun gary and that these together with Ausria and “to a lesser extent.” Ro mania. arc not endeavoring "to honor the letter and the spirit” of the |M»lliicnl principles covered under j • Minority Rights.” Aside from tills, j neither in Europe nor In I*. 8. is feel ing aguinst the Jew being cultivated by any. except «. few irresponsible bi gots to whom the American people will pny no nttcution. The notorious worjf of Henry Ford in the l>earl»orn Independent has diminished until it appears now iu the form of nccom para Ively little-circulated pamphlet. The report pointed out tliut the <•<>011011)lc life of the Jew was taking a distinct turn for the better in Europe and that the new economic policy of the Russiau Communists liad led to an improvement iu the condi tion of the Jews. Mr. Marshall took occasion to point n linger of warning at perpetrators of an insidious evil now ulniost two years tld. iu referring to an abuse Jews have permitted ttr gnfW tip fn thetr midst which, he asserted, will breed more antl-EeuiJtism, than “twenty Henry Ford’s” unless it is stopped now. He referred to the scandal ! caused by fake rabbis dealing in “boot- I leg” winet under the pretext of furu | lulling it for sacramental purposes. Mr. Marshall said that professor Louis ! Cinsberg of the Jewish Theological ; Seminary had made a deep study of ' tint use of wlnb in Hie Jewish ritual and had come to the conclusion ihat | the* fermented wine was entirely per missible. Mr. John L. Bernstein, of the Hlas, and Mr. Isidore Henf.ifleld, of the Joint Distribution committee, brought [the attention of the delegates of an | other evil which has grown up during the last eighteen months, viz., tlie j widespread business of accepting un- I deliverable food and clothing packages for delivery in Russia and the l’k ralne. “These sharpers, often renting a small office, and combining in one person the President. Treasurer and Secretary of their fly by night busi ness. flood the' /Yiddish newspaje s with display advertising and have al ready managed to collect hundreds of thousands of dollars from their vic tims for sending packages to Russia, at from si> to sls per package, plus insurance, while the parcels are rot ting by the thousands in Itovnl and other ports, absolutely undeliverable,” Mr. Hershgflohl said. “They know flint the J. I>. C.. A. A. A. and Idges coro. all responsible ajul influential agencies, refuse to accept these pack ages.” Mr. Bernstein advised .his fel low delegates to endeavor to induce people not to lie misled .by those swindlers and their huge display ad vertising. 14,279 JEWS IMMIGRATED JULY-SEPTEMBER, 1922. (J. C B. Service) Washington—l4.27o .lows immigrat ed in to tho United States from all parts of tin* world in the three inonhs July-September of the new quota year.. In the same period, only 223 Jews emigrated, according to fig ures compiled hy the Department of Labor. The figures from Poland and Rus sia for this period show once more that their quota has not yet been ex hausted. About 30.000 immigrant* from Poland and Russia will sill have to be admitted in order to til! the quota for these countries. From July jto November only 305.920 Immigrated to this country but during the first three months. July o September. 32- 713 emigrated: thus not even 40',r of the entire quota, which amounts to 1357,803, has been filled. 15,400,000 JEWS IN THE WORLD IS CONSERVATIVE ESTIMATE. More Than 3,300,000 Jews in the ('nited States. Over 9.000,000 Con cent 1 uteri in “Jewish” Central Eu rope. (Jewish Telegraphic Agency) New York—Jews throughout the world numlnr 1 "*.400.(KM), according to it summary of statistics prepared h.v Dr. H. S. Liallold, Jewish statistician directing the Department of Informa tion and Statistics of he Bureau of Jewish Social Research and publish e<l in the American Jewish Year book, just off the press. l>r. Lin Held’s esti mate is conservative, being bused on (lie latest censuses and available re liable estimate* Of this nuralter, 0,250,000 are con centrated in. what Dr. Lin field calls, the “Jewish” Central Europe, a reg ion. comprising tin* countries of Uk raine, West Russia. White Russia. Latvia, Lithuania. Poland. Roumaniu, Hungary Czecho-Slovnkia and* Austria- The Jews constitute 8% 95 of the td- tal population of the “Jewish,” Cen tral Europe. To the west and south of this “Jew" isb” Central Europe, there live 1,- «*>.4*X* 4ew« against a tot*} popu* inrlon : wlille to the north of the “Jewish” Central Europe, the Jewish population i* even smaller: 143.000 Jews among a population of 80,000,- <ioo. constituting less than oue fifth of one per cent. To the south of Europe, across tlic Mediterranean Sea. 280,000 Jews live amoiiK the Mohommedan Arabic speaking countries of North Africa. 3.03 per cent of the total population. In East Africa. 30.000 Fata alien live in Abyssinia: while in South Africa, then* are nearly 50,000, mostly Asli kenasic Jews. In Asia, the Jews are most pop ulous in Palestine. At least 85.000 Jews live in Palestine. 12% per cent of the total population. Next come the neighboring Semitic countries of Syria, Mesopotamia, and Arabia with a Jewish population of 140.000, a lit tle more than one nml one half per cent of the general population. In Asia Minor. Central Asia, and Si beria, 325,000 Jews live among ti e population of 50,000.000, constituting n little over one luilf per cent of the total population: whiid in! Japan, j Chinn. India, and beyond, less lian j 25.000 Jews are scattered nnrnng a | population of 715.000.000. ' In tin* whole continent of Austro l -lin there are not more than a little over 17.000 Jews. With regard to the United States, the author adopted the figure arrived at the census taken by the American Jewish Committee in 1018. namely. 3,- 300.000. If that figure was correct then, the figure must he considerably j larger now. In all of North Amer ica. there are nearly 3.425.000. In all of South America, a little over 108.000 WANT SAMUEL TO PUNISH SABBATH OFFENDERS. (J. C. B. Service) I Jerusalem—A petition signed by or i panlzatlons representing several thou sands Orthodox Jews has been bund led to Sir Herbert Samuel, tlie High | Commissioner, requesting the promul gation of ari ordinance against pub ic infraction of the observance of the j Jewish Sabbath. Jewish "students of the law classes i conducted by the Governmental Tx-gal \ Department, have declared a strike ns a protest against the nomination •if Dr. Israel Delian as a lecturer. The objection to Dr. Delian is based < n hrs anti-Zionist record, particular ly on his having headed the Orthodox Delegation t'at comn’ained against Zionism to the late Tyml Northcliffe. Passion is at first as slender ns a spider's web: but in the end. it l*e ' comes like a thick cable. —Talmud. No. 48 EDUCATION THE FIRST NEED IN PALESTINE EXCERPTS OF KEATI'RE ARTICLE BY DR. ARTHUR RUPPEN Taking <»re *»f the immigrant* on their arrival in Palestine and preserv. lug the health of the people, impor tant as these activities are. are not more important than educating the rising generation. The work of <‘diica tion goes to the heart of the Jewish purpose. Palestine can never become the Jewish homeland unless we have there a genration flint is educated in the national spirit, and is aide 10 speak the national language. Hebrew. The rising generation is the nucleus of tin* new population of Palestine, and it is one of the first requirements that we give them the right kind of education. The money spent on tills purjmse will, of course, bring no re turns in the commercial sense of the word, but it will bring the highest returns in the national sense. Girls’ School hi Td-Avev. Recognizing the fundamental Im port a ucu of education, we must rec ognise that one of the moot Important accomplish in cuts of the Keren Hay «sod in the maintenance of the Pales tine Educational System. Thirf System minifies to all the towns and colonies In the country. Even in colonies where there are only ten children, a school or kindergarten is maintained, so as not to leave the children with out knowledge of the Hebrew •lam gauge. This system of schools and kindergartens comprises more th n .TOO teachers and more tliun 13.00fc children. Among the schools, there nre two (iymnnsiu. one in Jerusalem and the other in Jaffa, which educates nearly one thousand children. There is also the Rcalschule in Haifa, already mej. t.oned, which prepares children for the higher technical school, besides normal schools for preparing teach ers and kindergnrtners. One of the difficulties which ct>n fronts the educational problem in Pnl i stine. is the multitude of languages which must be learned. In the first place, there is Hebrew, our own na tional language. Then there Is Ara bic. which cannot he ignored, because jit is the language of the majority in ; the country. We <annot nfTo.-d not I to enable our people to converse w»* J the Arabs. Finally, there must be i taught at least /one European lan guage. English is essential for all commercial purposes. If you are a merchant, you ore unable to get an order from the Government if you cannot speak with the official in Eng lish. Thus, for the average man three languages are necessary. In the vil ! luges it may be possible to get along j with only two. .Hebrew 1 and Arabic, but it is a great handicap to the Jew* spirituhlly if he does not know |nt least one European language. He lis always eager to come in contact with tlie outside world, j Within the limits of those condi tions everything is done in order to I give our children the most practical ;education we can afford, in accord ance with the most modern European methods. The leaders of our educa tional system. I>r. Burin. who is at the head of the Education Department of the Zionist Executive. Dr. Biram. the bend of the Technical School In Haifa. Dr. Mossinsohn. Dr. Yell in. nre always on the lookout for improve ments. TO ORGANIZE BRAZILIAN JEWRY U. C. R. Service) Rio I>o Jnne-io. —TRo first Brazilian Zionist Conerenoo will convene l in Rio do Jnnoiro today. Tlio Conference will aim to organize Brazilian .Towry ns woll ns to tnk" measures to strengthen the Zionist movement there.