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bi‘ prominent in nil pursuits of life, whether in peace or war. Surprisin': would it have been hail they not so mani fested themselves, for if any people on the face of the earth have proven that they are loyal, brave and true, it is tln* Jews, who for centuries and centuries have gone through the valley and shadow of persecution and misery. Thus we find that on the staff of Wash ington, General Green and other great American generals, there were prominent citizens of Jewish faith. Among the signers of the Declaration of Independ ence there were eight Jews of the city of Philadelphia. Thus we find that when Robert Morris was bankrupt, and in need of money, and when the soldiers of the American Revolution were starving at Valley Forge, there came forward to the rescue a Polish immigrant, one of the de spised ones, Hyman Solomon, and gave for the cause $285,000, equal to millions in those days; and that money was handed to Robert Morris to replenish the treasury of the United States and make it possible to feed the hungry and starv ing soldiers, and to clothe those who dur ing that sad period left their bloody tracks in the mid-winter snows. That is what Hyman Solomon has done, and the republic owes the money to-day! The proposition was brought up before Con gress that a gold medal be given to the living heirs of Hyman Solomon, at my suggestion. It was endorsed at a late hour, and at the next session the bill will pass. There was no medal ever struck in the mints of the United States that will speak to future generations more strongly than that which gave to the an nals of history the name of the Polish Jew, the American citizen. Hyman Solo mon. Thus in the war of 1812, in the Mexi can War and in the Indian War, you will find men of our race anil religion fight ing in the ranks for the maintenance of the Constitution of our country. In the struggle of the states on both sides of the Potomac the American citi zen of Jewish faith fought as each one was convinced of the right on his respec tive side. In 1876, when William B. Hackenberg compiled the United States census, there were at that time 150.000 Jews in these United States. In 1861, naturally, there were a great many less. Therefore, have we not every reason to be proud and grateful to remember that in that great struggle there were over 10,000 Jewish soldiers whose names I gathered from the records of the War Department and other records: a larger proportion of American patriots of our faith in corre spondence with any other faith in these United States! And yet some ignorant individual stated that the Jew is not brave, is not loyal and cannot be patri otic! And why should the Jew not have Til K JEWISH OU T LOOK been patriotic, especially in tlii s great land of ours/ In other lands lie does not enjoy equal rights: lie cannot breathe the air in common with his fellow citi zens of other faiths; how much more should the American citizen of Jewish faith contribute to this great republic of the west, where he stands on a plane of equality with-the best and the fore most ; where he figures in peace and war, and where in every city and hamlet of our great country, when given the oppor tunity, he stands among the best and the most excelled in all the lines of civic duty and achievement. That Jew would be indeed recreant to his faith and a traitor to humanity if he did not live for the best of this republic and, if need be, die for the republic which gives him the privilege of proving to the world that the Jew to-day, as in all the days of the past, is a man, and when given the op portunity will vindicate his manhood. Thus, my friends, the American citi zens of Jewish faith have been, and are patriots, soldiers and citizens, and the re public has recognized this. Time and again, from the earliest days of the American republic, from the days of "Washington and Jefferson, down to this day of Theodore Roosevelt, our gov ernment lias been just in dealing with the American citizens of Jewish faith. It can be no secret that in IS7O Gen eral Grant appointed Benjamin Peixotto as our Minister to Roumania, who ob tained good results. Peixotto had been five years the Grand Master of this or der, which was fully equipped to dis charge those duties, and General Grant gave him that immemorial letter, which I quote: “The bearer of this letter is a citizen of the United States, Benjamin F. Peixotto, who goes to Roumania to dis charge the duties of an unpaid mission.” “In our country where we recognize no nationality or creed, only citizenship, we hope and trust that Mr. Peixotto will be received in the spirit of kinship with which we have endorsed him this day.” This letter, my friends, was written in my presence, by General Grant, a man whom so many persons say has been un couth. For eight years 1 was as close to General Grant as I have been to any limn alive, and T know what he felt and what he did. In the Berlin treaty there was an Eng lish Jew, who, although baptized, re mained a Jew in all his feelings. Benja min Disraeli; and when in 1872 the cry of distress came from Bessarabia, banish ing the Jews of that country, it was General Grant who came to the front and a cable was sent to our minister, who was not afraid to tell the Russian Czar what the feelings of his government are; and the result was that the ukase was recalled. 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