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their children to keep them away from opportunities. ” “I spoke with one man in a southern state. He had been sent out from New York. He was making; a good living;, but was discontented, lie said: “If I were in New York, evenings I could gro to the Yiddish theaters, hear a lecture, visit people whose conversation 1 enjoy, join a club, enter some movement: in short, after working; hours In- a man. Here 1 have nowhere to go. no one to talk with, nothing; to do with myself.”' “In New Orleans, proportionately, I believe, the richest Jewish community in America, I found among; the Russian Jews but one center that was donated by a Zionist fora Hebrew reading; room. In other places there was not even that. This, in my judgement, is a serious mat ter. Then they are talking; of a return to the (ilietto. where they expect to find all life is worth living; for.’’ “Hut,” the interviewer interposed, “the grroups of Jews are growing. They will soon be large enough for their so cial needs.” “ It is true that they are growing, but not sufficient to overcome the discontent. 1 have attempted to formulate the prin ciple of increase of Jewishness in Jew ish groups. Jewishness increases in any one group at a geometrical ratio in pro portion to the size of the group. That is. if there are 100 Jews in one group and an other of 200, the Jewishness or Judaism of the former will be one-quarter of the Jewishness of the latter, instead of be ing one-half as much. Hut until the group is of some strength, there should be something done to keep the spirit alive, to make them feel there a sense of relation to the greater community. The danger lies in the smaller group before they attain their Jewish strength.” “It is our duty to remember that the success of dispersion means the introduc tion of a new problem, which will grow with our success.” “Did you observe the workings of the Industrial Removal Office, which is en gaged in relieving the congestion here?” “1 shall have something to say of the Removal Office which I shall be pleased to give to the public in another inter view. ’ ’ —American Hebrew. No two of our children are precisely alike. In their budding natures we may discern what they are going to be. The child who stops to look at every pebble, to pick every flower, who brings her mother a bouquet and shows skill in the blending of colors and some knowl edge of color effect, may one day be a botanist or an artist. To check her for littering the house with weeds and rub bish is not only unkind, but may do her harm in diverting her from pursuits to which nature is leading her. TIIE JEWISH OUTLOOK Tolstoy to the Czar The London Times publishes a trans lation of a letter of Leo Count Tolstoy to the Czar, written when Count Tolstoy believed himself to he dying. Addressing the Czar as “Dear Bro ther," Count Tolstoy begins by saying: that he does not wish to die without toll ing the emperor what he thinks of his course as a ruler, and pointing; out what gloat evils may come to him and his peo ple, but how he might make Russia pros perous and happy if he would discard au tocracy and all its cruelties and recog nize tiie fact that one can sooner arrest the How of a great river than stop that incessant progressive movement which is established by God. Count Tolstoy blames tlie emperor’s advisers, whose “strenuous and cruel act ivity is arresting the eternal progress of mankind.’’ lie tells the Czar how his people groan under oppression and hate the oppressor, and warns him not to be misled by the little coterie surrounding him by believing the Russian people are devoted to him. “The autocracy,’’ says Count Tolstoy, “is an outgrown form of government, which may answer the demands of a peo ple somewhere in Central America, apart from the whole world, but not the de mands of the Russian people, which is growing ever more enlightened by the enlightenment common to the whole world, and. therefore, it is possible to maintain this form of government and the orthodoxy connected with it only by violence, special control, arbitrary exile ments. executions, religious persecutions prohibition of books and papers, distor tion of education and in general every kind of bad, cruel deeds.” Count Tolstoy sets forth the desires of the Russian people as: “First—The working people desire to be delivered from special laws which place them in the position of a pariah, deprived of all the rights of other citi zens. “Second—The desire freedom of re moval from place to place, freedom of education, freedom of conscience, and. above all. freedom in the use of land.” Then comes a. strong appeal to the Czar to think earnestly and prayerfully as to his duty in the premises. “Dear Brother,” says Tolstoy, in the course of his appeal, “you have but one life in this world, and can spend it pain fully in futile efforts to arrest the God ordained progress of mankind, evil to good, darkness to light; or you may, en tering into the needs and desires of the people and devoting your life to their satisfaction, peacefully and joyfully pass it in the service of God and men.” Please tell them that you saw their ad vertisement in the Jewish Outlook. 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