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Published by The Jewish Outlook Publishing - Co. Office: 522 E. and C. Building, DENVER, COLORADO. TWO DOLLAR# PER YEAR. Single Copies Five Cents. NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS AND AD VERTISERS: Make all checks and money orders payable to Dr. M. Collins, treasurer and business manager of the Jewish Outlook Publishing Company. Entered at the Denver Postofßce as Second Class Mall. JEWISH CALENDAR Wednesday. Aug. 2 New Moon Ab. Thursday, Aug. 10 Fa»t of Ab. Thurs.-Frl., Aug. 31- Sept. 1 New Moon Ellul. Saturday. Sept. 30 New Year (5666). AUGUST 4, 1905. EDITORIAL It is still an open ques tion whether the Jewish Jar gon can be called a lan- Jewish Jargon guage. Those who would deny it that dignity, claim that it is a corrupt tongue, unaesthetie and impossible of grammatical analysis. The partisans of Jargon argue that it is a spoken tongue, and posseses a literature which runs the entire gamut of literary ex pression. One thing is certain, that Jargon will never perish. One form of it may disappear and become obso lete, only to be supplanted by another. The Judaeo-German of New York would not be recognized in a Lithuanian vil lage. For every word lost, another equally strange is coined. In a few decades there will be developed a com plete American Jewish Jargon, with a new literature and an original vocabu lary. This is already apparent, if we consider one term in particular which is now in vogue from one ocean to the other, and is in grave danger of creep ing into a new edition of the Century dictionary. We refer to the famous or infamous, as the case may be, term, “kike.” The word does not readily THE JEWISH OUTLOOK lend itself to philological treatment, re cent as its coinage is. In this respect it beai’s the chief characteristic of other Jargon corruptions. A theory is ad vanced which belongs to the realm of popular etymology that it was origin ally applied to the tribe of Russian im migrants whose names were graced with the Slavic ending “ky. ” These were called the “ky-ky’s,” and finally going through the linguistic process of con densation, became “kykes,” or “kikes,” as we know it. If there are other theories extant, or better still, if any one is in possession of llic exact history of the word, we would be thankful for the enlightenment. Difficult as is the philological interpretation, a succinct and clear cut definition of the word is equally unobtainable. Originally the term was applied to those Russian im migrants of the metropolis, whose one great and unpardonable crime was that they were thrifty and wise and could teach their aristocratic brethren of Ba varian extraction a thing or two about the accumulation of the all-powerful dollar. The Bavarian grandee would mention the “kike” as an object of rid icule and loathing, yet he would not disdain buying the “kike’s” goods in preference to the merchandise of his Broadway kinsman. We are reminded of Zangwills, king of Sclinorrers, who as a sepliardic gentleman despised the Ashkenazic upstart, but did not refuse to accept the latter’s alms. This defin ition applies to the word in its origin. To-day it is used by almost everyone in describing anyone, and a definition becomes elusive. Every time we imag ine we have found a real bona-fide “kike” wc are astonished to hear that somewhere there exists a type nearer the real definition of the term. But re cently we heard a metropolitan maiden refer with snobbish mien to the despised tribe of “kikes.” This' aristocratic dear would be classed in the same category in a certain uppish community we know of. The term has jumped geographical and national and even religious bounds. No longer is it limited to the Russian Jew. Noble Bavarian hurls the epithet at equally noble Prussian and Swabian, and, tell it not in Gath, we have heard of “kike” goyim, too. Now then, what is a “kike?” We invite expressions of opinions in the pages of this paper. Baffling as this word may be from the view points of etymology and definition, psychologically it is explainable. The term gives us a correct picture of the so-called rinity of Israel. Its usage makes us understand clearly how Sephardi loved Ashkenazi, how the Ger man Jew loves his Pollack brother, and how fond the denizen of the boulevards is of his Ghetto coreligionist. “All Israel are brethren” must have been the satirical mot of some great Jewish hu morist. Do eloquent preachers and lodge orators think of the pariah “kike” when they use this text and shout broadcast the message of the solidarity of Israel? At the Louisville conference of American rabbis, a yong southern rabbi had actually the courage and ef frontery to accuse the American Jew of patronizing the Russian Jew. This provoked the wrath of one leader in Israel, who indignantly exclaimed: “Do we not maintain charitable institutions for the Russian Jew?” This great man did not perhaps know that the Russian Jew may not care for that charity in deed which is uncharitable in word and which dubs him “kike.” BEN A MITTAL Reviews The New Era for August will contain the following articles: “Israel’s Tribute to Hay,” a symposium of opinion. Judge Samuel Greenbaum, Hon. Montague Lessler, Isaac N. Seligman, Rev. Dr. Joseph Silverman, Hon. A. S. Solomons, Hon. Oscar S. Straus, Judge Mayer Sulzber ger, Hon. Simon Wolf; “John Hay, with Spe cial Reference to His Attitude to Judaism,” Eugene H. Ledman; “A Hebrew Letter from Hay;” “To John Hay,” sonnet, George Alex ander Kohut; “Iron Hoofs,” a story, Joseph Leiser; "Topics of the Day in the Talmud: The Quest of the North Dole,” .1. D. Eisen stein; “Jews in Japan,” N. E. B. Ezra; “A Lyric,” Louis K. Anspacher; “The Jewish Literary Renaissance,” Joseph Vogel; "In Ancient Footsteps—Cairo,” (second article), Richard Gottheil; “Crocolo’s Synagogue,” a story, Heinrich York-Steiner; “A French View of Heine,” Gustav Karpeles; "Caroline Gomperz-Bettelheim;” “The Falashas,” Prof. Dr. Rosen; “Jews and the American Law.” Albert M. Friedenberg; “In Stageland;” "The Book World;” “Notes and Comments;” “Necrology;” “Of Interest to Jewish Read ers.” Conditions of the Jews in Russia Reviewing the condition of the Jews in Russia, the following facts are tabulated from reliable authority that: Since the first day of May 500 Jews have been murdered in riots. Ten thousand Jews have been wounded by mobs. One thousand Jewish women have been outraged. Several hundred houses belonging to Jews have been torn down. Five hundred shops belonging to Jews have been sacked. One thousand dwellings occupied by Jews have been plundered. Such things are but adding to the debt Russia is contracting. She will have to pay and pay with dear interest. She is sowing the wind to reap the whirlwind. She is alienating herself from the sympathy and respect of the civilized nations. And now in the hour of her distress there is no word of sympathy. —Terre Haute Gazette.