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FILIPINO DELEGATE TO CONGRESS
Copyright by WtIAM Ft»c«tt Pablo Ocampo Oe Leon, the delegate selected by the Filipino assembly* Is like his colleague, a lawyer by profession, a native of Manila and a member of a well-to-do family. He was also a Filipino patriot, was imprisoned by the iSpaniards and afterwards exiled by the Americans, but after two years was to return to Manila. He gave up politics for a time and devoted him eelf to his law practice, but he became director of La Patria and drifted back Into public affairs and was elected to the assembly by the Naclonalistas. Mr. Ocampo is practically a pure-blooded Filipino. The majority of the assembly were anxious to have their delegate a true representative of their race. Mr. Ocampo was further favored both by his radically patriotic record and by his present conservatism. The assembly leaders considered it good policy to send a moderate nationalist to Washington. These two delegates will en deavor to obtain from congress the reduction of the import duty on Filipino sugar and tobacco. They say the cattle plague has killed off 90 per cent, of the working animals, and that the Filipinos are in a worse position than they Have been for 30 years. They are also interested in the Japanese question, being, like all thq Japcated Filipinos, suspicious of the Japanese. TO SAVE THE BUFFALO. APPEAL IBBUED FOR PRESERVA TION OF AMERICAN BEA^T. Plan Proposed Is to Have Herds Es tablished on Suitable Ranges Under Government Auspices. Meriden. N. H.—The American Bison society, with headquarters in this city, has issued an appeal for the perpetuation of the American buf falo. To best preserve the animal the society has planned a systematic campaign of ambitious proportions. The president of the United States Jg the honorary president of the organ isation, and the honorary vice-presi fdent is his excellency Earl Grey, gov ernor general of Canada. The secre tary is Ernest Harold Baynes, whose post office address is Sunset Ridge, Meriden, N. H. The following is an extract from an Address issued by the society: BUYS OLD CHURCH BUILDING. .Former Sheriff Bids In Edifice to Save It from Desecration. t Clayton, N. J. : —To save a church from being converted into a pool and billiard room, ex-Sheriff Wilson T. Jones bought the Franklinville Presby 'terian church. Mr. Jones bought the structure.to save it from desecration because his mother worshiped there. At the suggestion of the “B. G. T.,” a secret society of 13 of the prettiest girls in the village, Mr. Jones will take out the old-fashioned benches, remodel and refurnish the interior and give the building for the use of the town for fairs, suppers and other such oc casions. The B. G. T. society will have charge of the building and hold its regular meetings there. was built in 1850, the land beingspurchased from (Lawrence Cake, an old\ptelkeeper of 'Franklinville. \ Although the congregation was al ways small, the church flourished until the First Presbyterian church of Clay ton was built, which took many of its members and has finally received them all. MISER HAD ODD SCHEME. Bought Farms Cheap by Pretending to Be Foolish. Cumberland, Mo. —Amos McEIBIh, A miserly hermit, who died at Spring field, W. Va., a short time ago, at the lage of 90, left an estate valued at |9250,000, consisting of timber lands land farms in various counties of Maryland Trad West Virginia. ! The deceased had a most novel scheme to purchase land at a low price. He would visit public sales jdrotsed in a manner that would have dhamed the average hobo, and, while tMdding would act like a lunatic, mak ing ridiculous offers, so that the auc tioneer would knock the property down to him at a cheap figure in order to get rid of him, never thinking ghat such a seedy looking individual would have the money with which to good hip bid. But the moment the property was idniAred his Meßlfish would produce the money and demand his right. He MW married, end his heirs are scat farad In various parts of the country. “The American bison or buffalo, our grandest native animal. Is In grave danger of becoming extinct, and it is the duty of the people of to-day to preserve for future generations this picturesque wild creature, which has played so conspicuous a part in the history of America. We owe it to our descendants that all possible effort shall now be made looking to the per petual Increase and preservation of this noble animal, whose passing must otherwise soon be a matter of uni versal and lasting regret. “It is conceded, particularly by all authorities, that, owing to the uncer tainties of human life and the changes in fortune and in policy among pri vate individuals and private corpora tions, the buffalo cannot be perpetu ated for centuries, and preserved from ultimate extinction, save under gov ernment auspices. At present nearly all the buffaloes in the United States are in private bands, and with few STATUE OF SHERIDAN Copyright w Waldo* fawoott. The above photograph is s model of the monument which ie to be erected to the famous cavalry leaderHn Washington. The statue depicts the general in ths act of reining in his horse and returning a salute of his men. Unlike any of the other statues in the national capital this one will not be placed upon a high pedestal, but will stand within three feet of the ground. A VERY PATRIOTIC FAMILY. Kansas City, M6. —“lt Is showing a great deal of patrotlsm when all of the male members of a family go Into the government service,” remarked the re cruiting sergeant at the naval station. “Yesterday afternoon a man came in here whose name Is Benjamin Har rison Adams, from near Joplin, Mo. “He said that he wanted to join the navy, as all of his brothers were In flw army or navy. Three of the Adama boys have seen naval service and two •f them are in the army. The father exceptions are for sale to anyone of fering a reasonable price. Many are sold every year, some for propagating purposes, and others to the butcher and the taxidermist. Moreover, most of them are in a few comparatively large herds, and should contagious disease at any time strike one of these, so great a percentage of the now remaining buffaloes might be wiped out at one blow as to make the perpetuation of the remainder prac tically an Impossibility. “In the belief that Americans gen erally will be found in sympathy with a carefully planned movement to save what might well be termed their na tional animal, and In order that all who desire may take part In the work of preservation, there was recently or ganised In New York city the Ameri can Bison society, which in accord ance with its constitution has for its object “the permanent preservation and Increase of the American bison. “This society will seek to have es tablished lfi widely separated locali ties, under government auspices, sev eral herds of buffalo, on suitable ranges (preferably government land), such ranges to be chosen from a large number that have been recommended by competent persons. These herds, under proper management, should in crease until the race was no longer In danger of extinction. “With this end in view, the Ameri can Bison society has now begun an active campaign. A bill calling for national aid in the establishing of sev eral buffalo herds is already under consideration. In the meantime the society purposes to make a deter mined effort to organize the interest of the public In the fate of the Ameri can buffalo, and presently bring it to bear in such a manner that it will re sult in the governments of both the United States and Canada taking ac tive measures to insure that animal's preservation and increase. “The officers of the society are pre pared to do the work incidental to this campaign, but, in order that this work may be carried on promptly and vigorously, they must have the sup port of those whom they believe to be in sympathy with them. This sup port can best be given by joining the American Bison society and by urging others to join it. The work to be done requires money, and for this the so ciety depends entirely upon member ship fees and dues and occasional pri vate subscriptions. “The extinction of the buffalo would be an irreparable loss to American fauna; more than that, it would be a disgrace to our country. The passing of any great and noble animal is a calamity which all thoughtful persons should seek to avert. But the buf falo has a special claim upon us, inas much as the great service he rendered the country in early times were repaid with indescribable brutality and perse cution. By a series of cold blooded massacres nover equaled by any other nation calling itself civilized, a great race of animals numbering countless millions was reduced to numbers so pitifully small that for a time it was regarded as practically'extinct. The least we can do now to partly atone for this ruthless slaughter is to join in measures to prevent what must other wise be yie final result of perhaps the greatest wrong ever inflicted by man upon a valuable wild animal." was mu army man, too. It’s very sel dom that you see all of the family in the service, Isn’t it?” Adams is the youngest of the five boys and has just passed his majority. It Was Surprising. Wigg—Old Goliath must have been surprised at little David knocking him out with a stone. Wagg—-Well, very likely such a thing had never entered his head be* fore. —Life. LIVE STOCK 80RTING PENB. Two Arrangements Which Will Be Found to Work. I venture to send a rough sketch of a hog sorting pen I planned several years since, and which I have found to work satisfactorily, writes a corre spondent of Wallaces’ Farmer. I use it 1 mostly for sorting hogs for market, and when I wish to sort out a certain kind or size of hogs I go among them with a can of paint and a paddle while they are busy eating and daub a little paint on the backs of those I want to sort out. Then the whole herd is let into the large lot (A), see Fig. 1. From one corner of this lot an opening is Figure 1. made about 16 or 18 inches wide and 30 Inches high, and 3 feet from center of opening is set a post (d), which is the end post in division fence between two smaller lots (C and D). Hang a light but strong gate from post so that it will swing easily from side to side of opening to let the hogs in either yards C or D as wanted. The fence between lots A and C should be a tight fence of sufficient height to screen the man operating the swinging gate (from shoulders down) from sight of the hogs in lot A. A small platform, shown at E, is built at one side and above opening, upon which the opera tor stands. Two men drive the hogs Figure 2. slowly through the opening, which is alternately opened to allow’ the marked hogs to go into one yard and the unmarked into the other. Some oats or shelled corn may be thrown into yards B and C to keep the hogs aw’ay from the swinging gate until the job is done. The gate Is swung from side to side as desired by means of a strong handle fastened se curely to the gate about 8 inches from the loose end and extending about 3 feet above the gate. Another correspondent gives his plan of sorting pens. Fig. 2. These are general plans and may easily be altered to suit individual cases. As they stand they are for hogs or sheep, and I have found them very efficient. I do not think they would be practical for cattle, as one man could not oper ate both gates at “f” if built on a large scale. “a” and “b” is a fence across corner of feed lot. Gate at “a" may be opened when not in use, and the fence will not interfere with stock. Two gates at “f.” Gate “e” is not essential, but greatly simplifies sorting, and makes a small pen of the alley, which is very convenient for ringing or castrating. Opening at “b” and “c” to be closed with hurdle after hogs are in corner “g.” Outlook for Bheep. There is no danger of any person getting into trouble in predicting that from now on the sheep is to be re turned to its proper place on the farms. And why not, when It makes far more money out of the grass and the weeds and the seeds, the roots, the grains, the hay and anything else fed to it than any other kind of ani mal we raise, and it does that without one needing to milk or grind for them? All that is required is to give the feed as it comes froni the field, only that turnips had better be cut. Does that not tell, and tell materially, when the labor saved is corsidered, how we can farm, farm well, and cut down expensive labor bills? —John Campbell, Woodville, Ontario. Avoid Grads Animal. Never use a grade animal for breed ing, however good its appearance may be. Whatever of merit, style or qual ity he may possess has come to him from some thoroughbred ancestor, but he has no power to transmit his fine qualities to his progeny to any degree worth figuring on. The improvement has ended with himself. The grade will breed the herd down instead of up, and there is no profit that way. TUBERCULOSIS IN STOCK. Most Important Factor in Bpread of Disease Is In the Manure. The bureau of animal industry has made a number of tests showing that the most important factor in the spread of cattle tuberculosis is the manure. It has been generally sup posed that milk was not as likely to be affected unless the cow’s udder was tuberculous. The bureau has found, however, that the manure from diseased cows Is usually heavily laden with tuber culous bacteria and as these are eas ily and almost surely introduced into the milk, under ordinary methods of milking, a single tubercular cow may affect the milk of an entire stable. Hogs, according to the bureau, also easily acquire tuberculosis from fol lowing cows in the pasture or from feeding from skim milk or separator milk from tuberculous cattle., The great increase- in tuberculosis among hogs is stated by the bureau of ani mal industry to be almost entirely traceable to their association with af fected cattle, and the bureau strongly recommends the sterilization of all skim or separated milk from public creameries before it is fed to calves or pigs. Tuberculosis among animals is not necessarily acquired through the mouth or nose as has been generally supposed. For instance, tuberculosis of the lungs was produced in hogs by inoculating them in the tips of their tails. There has been considerable dispute as to whether human and bovine tu berculosis are practically one and the same, the famous Koch theory rais ing a storm of dissension —at least as to whether human tuberculosis or consumption can result from the con sumption of tuberculous milk, etc. Dr. Melvin, chief of the bureau of animal industry, holds to the view that the two forms cannot be classed as separate and distinct and that meas ures to protect persons from infection from tuberculosis from animals are highly necessary. "But whether,” he said, in speaking of the matter, “the subject is regarded from the standpoint of protecting hu man health, or of promoting the wel fare of the live stock industry, it is be yond question of argument that it is highly important for our stock raisers, farmers and dairymen to eliminate tu berculosis from their herds." Dr. Melvin's predecessor as chief of the bureau of animal industry, D. E. Salmon, also held that bovine tuber culosis was transmissible to humans and he took the very sensible view that even admitting there was doubt about the matter, the only safe course to pursue was to assume that it was transmissible and to make and enforce regulations accordingly. STOCK SAYINGS. Farm animals can stand more cold than most people suppose and still be comfortable. A balanced ration for a given pur pose is one that contains the proper amount and proportion of digestible carbohydrates, fats and albuminoids to accomplish that purpose in the most economical manner. The importance of taking good care of the brood mare and her foal, and of feeding the mare well so as to make her yield an abundance of milk, can not be overestimated if a first-class, vigorous colt is to be raised. It is always well to pay attentio.n to the color in mating a team as a fancy consideration, but size, and especially strength and action are much more im portant in mating a team for useful ness and to make a pleasant team to work and drive. A cow may possess all the signs ia the world that are tokens of a good milker and yet be a poor milker from the fact that the early care of the cow and heifer was faulty, nothing being done to stimulate milk-giving. FEEDING GRAIN TO SHEEP. Trough Which Is Easily Kept Free from Rubbish. For a sheep trough procure two 6-inch boards, a, about 3 feet long and at the bottom of each fasten another board, b. Make a flat trough and let Swinging Sheep Trough. the ends project above the top. Bore a hole through each end and als.D through the standards, a, and hang the trough on bolts. After the sheep eat and leave the cobs, or if it rains, says the Farm and Home, the trough can be turned bottom side up and quickly cleaned. Immense Btock Business. The Union Stockyards, Chicago, have now been doing business for 42 years. A report has just been made of the number of animals of all kinds received during that time. The totals for each class of animals follow: Cat tle, 84,804,114; calves, 4,525,305; hogs, 246,859,208; Bheep, 79,505,895; horses, 2,309,556; grand total, 418,004,078. During the year just closed the re ceipts were: Cattle, 3,305,314; calves, 421,931; hogs, 7,201,061; sheep, 4,218,- 083; horses, 102,087. The number of cars used in hauling these animals to imarket totaled 287,981. WHEN ALBERT PROPOSED He Tried It et the Wrong Time. With every desire to be temperate In my language and charitable in my thoughts, truth compels me to the statement that Nellie Putlow’s young est brother—Albert Sidney Putlow— is a bo.v who will one of these days come to a bad end. To know Albert Sidney—to know him thoroughly—is an education in ju venile depravity, a lesson in tabloided flendishness. He’s right enough super ficially, mind you, but when you get at the soul of the boy your faith in the innocence and harmlessneas of juve nility generally Is gone forever. It was last Christmas eve when I probed the depths of Master Putlow. I’ll tell you In what circumstances. For very good reasons I wished to secure freedom from Albert Sidney’s attentions on the evening in question. I felt, somehow, that the task of ask ing his sister Nellie a certain question would not be made easier any way by having her young brother buzzing around offering to regulate my watch or exhibiting some homemade marvel in the clockwork mouse line. Master Putlow, 1 may tell you. Is a prodigy in a mechanical direction. When other small boys are learning to play football he is fiddling about with spur wheels; when they are dreaming of getting their international caps Albert Sidney’s sleep is punctu ated with visions of cogs, ratchets and perpetual motion. "I’ll have none of him," thought I and during the afternoon I sent around with my best wishes for a happy Christinas, a book calculated to keep any other nine-year-old boy as quiet as an oyster till each of its 240 pages had been dog’s eared as black as coal. In the evening I called round. Nel lie’s father and mother were, as I expected, out on a Santa Claus excur sion to their married daughter’s* ‘"Al bert’s at his book. I suppose?” I marked, when I was asked into the front parlor. “No,” said Nellie; "he's doing some thing to a Waterbury watch in the back. Been busy all day. Look here," pointing to an old-fashioned clock fixed to the wall. "He unearthed that from the lumber room three days ago. It hasn’t been going for ten years and he’s cleaned it, put it in order, and fixed it up as a surprise for dad. It’s going splendidly.” Of course I didn’t mind a little bit about the book not claiming the boy’s attention. So long as he was occupied elsewhere I was perfectly satisfied 1 . We talked about nothing in particu lar for five minutes, then I braced self up for the ordeal. Nellie waß in the rocker and I was on the saddlebag lounge by her side. It was then or never. "Nellie.” Ir whispered, glancing at my cuff, on which I had penciled my headings. “Nellie, I have long— *’ “Whirr!” She looked up, not at me, but at the clock. "It’s going to strike," she said. "Bong!" The thing had a note liks Big Ben. "I have long—” “Bong!” "Rotter jump in at the in tervals,” thought I, for anybody would have needed a megaphone to make himself heard above that din— "long felt that life —” "Bong!” "isn’t it splendid?” Nellie smiled. I decided to wait till the awful thing had finished. "Bong! bong! bong! bong! bong!” At the eighth stroke I gave a sigh of relief and started again. “I have long—” "Bong!" "That’s too many." sa-‘d Nellie. "What are you saying?” "Bong!” "Bong!" I was losing patience with that lirr>- ber-room find. It occasioned me ik> surprise that the clock was somewhat erratic after master Putlow’s atten tions. but that it should seize just that, particular time to exhibit its vagaries annoyed me. “Never mind,” I thought, "it can’t strike more than 12." I had altogether underestimated capabilities. When I had counted 2t whirrs and bongs. Nellie started laugh ing. I walked to the door and called til Albert Sidney. He came, bringing an odor of cloc>; oil into the room. "Something's the matter with that clock’s striking gear," I said, witfc forced calmness. "Been strikin’ long?" he asked. "That's the 39th time," I answered as another “Bong!" set all the man tel-shelf ornaments dancing. Albert Sidney whistled. “Thought It might go like that," he grinned. "Good clocks often do. It hasn't struck for ten years, you see, and now it won’t stop till it’s done all Its back striking." Great Jupiter! A lightning calculation told me thftL-roughly speaking, 560,000 bongs were overdue. At four to the minute it would be some time, in April before that awful clock was up-to-date. "I—l think I’ll be going,” 1 gasped, deciding on a postponement, and on the 78th stroke, I shook hands with Nellie, glared murder at her brother, and hurried off. At the bottom of the steps I stopped to shake my fist in the me chanical prodigy's direction. “You horrid boy!” 1 heard Nellie say. A howl came from Albert Sidney. “You’re as big a chump as he was to take in that tale about that thing workln’ off Its back strikes,” h* said; “I only fixed It to go like that for a lark. There! I’ve stopped it now. Go and call him back if you want him.” I fled. The prospect of Master Put low as a brother-in-law was too awful.