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5.000 policemen athietes Vj]& CT/0N TEJTyAR&r AST of Pittsburg they look upon the man who goes to Chicago as brave. A woman vis itor is hailed as a her oine upon her return. They regard Chicago as the frontier of the United States, teeming with wild holdups, ghastly murders, the mecca for confidence men and desperado gangs. Such is not the case to-day. Perhaps it was* E_ a quarter of a century ago, but the present-day Chicago is perhaps the most carefully guarded city in the country. The why and wherefore of this greatly improved condition is 5,000 policemen-athletes. And the reason for the athletic force is the civil ser vice law with its physical require ments, which the man who would be come a “cop” must equal or excel to become a full-fledged minion of the law. He must have a perfect chest, heart, lungs, his muscles must be strong, his bones well knitted, he must be at least five feet eight inches in height, and not more than six feet five inches. Applicants in taking physical tests must tip the scales between 160 and 250 pounds. Obesity, muscular weakness and poor physique are insurmountable barriers to the man with a craving for a place among the “finest.” Every muscle in the body undergoes a test, which is made by the use of machines and weights. The Chicago policeman must be able to carry himself well, he must be shifty on his feet, quick to think and act. His eyes and ears must be perfect and his family tree must be absolutely devoid of hereditary diseases. In fact the Chicago force to-day is one which de mands that a man be a soldier, athlete and min ion of the law combined. During certain months each year examinations are conducted and dur ing the fiscal twelvemonth 6,000 men were ex amined. Of this number about one-half were suc cessful. First the doctor looks over the appli cants, then the physical examiner takes the men in hand and puts them through the most rigid tests required anywhere in the world. After that the written examination is given in which each applicant’s education is brought to the fore. Civil service tests are severe and absolutely honest. It is up to the applicant himself to pass the tests. You cannot be appointed upon the Chicago police force by possessing acquaintance with a man “with a pull.” So great has been the success of the system installed by President El ton Lower of the civil service commission and his aides —H. D. Fargo and M. L. McKinley—that to day every city of any size in the United States has its eyes focused upon the details and meth ods employed by the Chicagoans. Since President Lower became the leading light in the work of giving Chicago an efficient police force, great strides have been taken by the city toward making its citizens absolutely safe from criminals. Pfeycical Examiner Edward G. Westlake is in a measure responsible for bringing out the best, bodily qualifications in the men who are turned over to.him for inspection. Bays Examiner Westlake: “Stage fright during the physical examination is one of the worst setbacks which the tests meet. When a man becomes ‘flustered,’ knowing that a good job depends upon his every movement, it is quite natural that the best be knows will not push itself to the surface. Hence it is the duty of the examiner to allay the fears of the applicant as much as possible. "Consequently I have found that it helps men to do their best by applying suggestions and occa sionally allowing a man to lay off for a few mo ments until be can compose himself. When the period of embarrassment passes, as it invariably doos, the best that is in the applicant is bound to come out. The men take the tests purely upon their own merits and perhaps the most severe of the weight-lifting requirements is that of lifting a 34-pound dumb-bell f:ttr. a lying posture, the weight being held back of the applicant's head. This Is to test stomacn tfluscleo. It does not By WILLLARD W.GARRISON seem difficult to the observer, but try it Just once and you’ll feel that passing the physical test is far from easy.” Mr. Westlake is a newspaper man on the staff of the Chicago Evening Post and bis 20 years in the newspaper business, part of which was spent in knocking about in police districts as a reporter, taught him much regarding the needs of the de partment. Before ho entered a newspaper office, he served as a railroad fireman. The constitu tion which that rigorous vocation gave him, along with an enviable muscular development, has stood him in good stead in demonstrating the use of the tests before admiring gatherings of would be “cops.” Firemen and stationary engineers are also in cluded in the civil service physical tests and to day Chief lloran of the fire department is work ing hard with the civil service officials to have the standards raised so that an even sturdier force may be secured to battle with Chicago con flagrations. Following is a table, showing what is required in the way of height and weight be fore the strength and agility tests are given: Minimum Cir ferenoe Minimum Maximum of Chest Height. Weight Weight Quiescent. 5 feet 8 inches lf>o pounds !'•<• pounds 35 inches 6 '* !> ** 155 ” 195 “ 35% 5 “ 10 “ ISO •* 200 “ 36 5 “ 11 “ 165 “ 205 “ 57 6 “ M 170 ** 215 ** 37 6 * 4 1 “ 175 “ 220 “ 38 6 “ 2 180 ** 230 “ 39 6 “ 3 “ ISS “ 235 “ 40 6 •* 4 “ 190 " 240 " 41 0 “ 5 11 195 “ 250 “ 42 “ Before the applicants face Physical Examiner Westlake, they arc scrutinized by physicians and records show that Gt) per cent, are rejected. To show some of the men’s overestimation of their qualifications it is recorded that recently 1,500 filed applications in a bunch and of this number only 370 succeeded in emerging unscathed from the medical, physical and mental tests. Mr. Westlake lays out a table of tests, showing the figures which Indicate meritorious, perform ances. The table: Strength Test. Cupnrity of lungs 290 Strength of buck 215 Strength of logs ;>o<) Strength of upper arm (H. P.) 10-10 Strength of fore arm (R. L.) 6S-b7 Pectorals 82 Traction pull 57 Dumb bells no Abdominal muscles .* no Adductors *’” H 5 Rope ‘ ” ino Ladder 100 Agility ..L joo Condition (Excellent, Good. Poor) Good Successful applicants must be able to expand their lungs about four inches, exhibit strength of back, logs, upper and lower arm. Then there is a test of the pectoral muscles, a traction pull, the lifting of dumb-bells weighing CO and 70 pounds, testing of the abdominal muscles by the lifting of a 30-pound weight behind the head from a prostrate to a sitting posture. Following these tesis come rope and ladder climbing, which, with the agility examination com plete the physical work. Then the applicant condition is marked “excellent,” “good,’’ “poor.” As a resuit of the requirements of the civil service law tho Chicago police, fire ami stationary* engineers' departments now have a standing eligible list, the num ber of names running up into the hun dreds. Hence neither Chief of Police Shippey nor Fire Marshal lloran are ever worried about securing good, stur dy men. They are always 011 hand ready to report for duty at. a mo ment’s notice. Scarcely a mouth passes but that new themes of work are suggested to the civil service commission, tried out and either accepted or rejected. It was the civil service body which gave the impetus to the move for an ideal police force and which eventually re sulted in the formation of Chicago’s famous "beauty squad” of coppers un der the direction of Maj. Boudet, a soldier who has seen service in tho Cuban campaign in the Spanish-Ameri can war. Maj. Boudet and his “beauty squad” head the list of Chicago policemen ideals and the force is proud of them. The beauty squad pays more attention to soldierly tactics than other sections of the force and is per haps some thing of an experim on t in tho prop osition 01 in trod u c i n g military tac tics into the work of the policemen. [ PSC7V&3L MU/CL£ T£JTJ Maj. Boudet’s charges perform a manual of arms, which, if anything is more complicated than that which the soldier is compelled to learn. One of the prettiest sights imaginable is the series of evolutions which these policemen carry out. There are some tax-paying Chicagoans who scoff at pretty evolutions, but they. Maj. Boudet claims, are not of the far-seeing class. He points out that the drilling of policemen in this manner teaches them to handle themselves with grace and ease and makes them abler in the duties they per form. Only recently the beauty squad, about 100 strong, gave militiamen of the First Illinois infantry, sta tioned it Chicago, a drill exhibition in the big First Regiment armory. So perfect were the evo lutions that even the soldiers were awed. The po liceman formed revolving wedges, hollow squares, five-pointed stars, circles and other ingenious for mations, the perfection of which had taken them months to accomplish. The squad is formed on the order of a military company. There is Maj. Boudet at the head, a first, and second lieutenant and the regulation number of sergeants and corporals. Gaining a place on the Chicago police force to day is perhaps as difficult a feat as the average man of middle age would care to attempt, and for that reason the department is composed of tho best physiques that the city can furnish. The same is true of the fire department, the efficiency of which is evidenced by the fact that during tho past fiscal year every conflagration in Chicago was put under control before the fire could spread to adjacent buildings. The medical test, which firemen as well as po licemen undergo, follows: IS THE RESPIRING MURMUR clear and distinct over both Lungs? Is tho character of the Respiration Full, Easy and Regular? Ar. there any indications of Disease of the Organs of Respiration or thojr Appendages? ? Vs IS THE ( 11A RAFTER of the Heart’s action Uni form. Free and Steady? Ar* 1 its Sounds and Rhythm Regular and Normal? Are then- any indications of Disease of tills Organ or of the I Mood Vessels? IS THE SIGHT Good? Is the Hearing Good? IS THE Al’l ’ I .IGA NT subject to Cough. Expectora tion. I’ltth ulty of Breathing, or Palpitation? ARE THE FUNCTIONS of the Brain and Nervous System in a Healthy State? Has ?lie line, or Spinal Cord ever been diseased? IF THE APPLICANT has had any serious Illness or Injury, state expressly what effect. If any, is per ceptible in tiie Heart. Lungs. Kidneys or other Abdominal Organs, or tho Skin. lives. Ears, Limbs, etc Has appi'eant been successfully va« oinate.|?...'.’.. Any TFMoRS or Evidences of Surgical Operation?.... ABU KIDNEYS normal? HAS THE APPLICANT any predisposition, either h* reditary or acquired, to any constitutional dis ease. ns Pbythfsls, Scrofula, Rheumatism? HABITS use ot Stimulants and Tobacco DEVOL HAS RECORD NEW CHIEF QUARTERMASTER ON PANAMA CANAL. Is Known as Expert in Organization and Supply Work by What He Did in Philippines, San Fran cisco and Elsewhere. Washington.—Maj. C. A. Devol, wilt succeeds Jackson Smith as chief quar termaster for tho canal commission on the Panama canal, has made a record furnishing supplies to tho United States army in the tropics equal to that of Jackson Smith in providing men and means to build railroads and manufacturing concerns in Mexico and South America. Maj. Devol entered the army in 1879 as a second lieutenant of infantry. Appointed a captain and quarter master in August, 1896, he built tho posts of Fort Yellowstone, Wyo., and Fort Hancock. He joined Gen. Otis in May, 1898, and assisted In organiz ing the expedition to the Philippines, with which he left f or Manila in Au gust, IS9B. On arrival the major im mediately assumed charge of tho transport service and tho Manila Dagupan railroad. The military necessities for which Maj. Devol wag called upon to provide, required an expenditure of over $7,000,000 Mexican currency, within 18 months. He had about 50 transports in commission supplying tho 65,000 troops in the field. In July, 1900, lie was ordered to the United States and assigned as general superintendent of the army transroi't service between New York, Cuba and Porto Rico. He remained in charge until the service was discontinued in 1901. After he had taken charge ol and reorganized the largest army clothing depot in tho United States Maj. Devol was ordered to San Fran cisco, in entiro charge of the trans port service on the Pacific. His stock /MJ. CADZVOL> . of goods as quartermaster of the de partment of San Francisco amounted to about $2,500,000. At San Francisco Maj. Devol purchased everything need ed for the United States army of the Pacific coast, of Alaska and In the Philippines. To take these supplies 15 transports, some of which had been Atlantic liners, were employed. When San Francisco was shaken by the earthquake and ravaged by the great fire Maj. Devol took complete charge of all the supplies donated by the states to supply tho wants of the 500,000 homeless, hungry people. He organized and distributed these sup plies to all parts of the city. For this work he was made a mem ber of the army general staff, on which bo served until he was ordered to the isthmus in June. As chief quartermaster for tho canal commission Maj. Devol's work com bines the departments of labor and quarters, that of material and supplies, and a portion of the work formerly done by the sanitary department. The value of the stock to be carried by the chief quartermaster will be about $3,000,000, and his work will be to care for and repair the commission quarters, to do police work, to secure the labor necessary for the canal work and to transport it to the isthmus. The total expenditure o£ Maj. Devol’s department for the year ending June, 1909, will probably be about $3,000,000. Austrian Bureaucracy. Austrian bureaucracy, especially in matters connected with the collection of taxes, is often extraordinarily pedan tic. in a large village in Lower Aus tria there died last November a brick layer named Stephan Schmidt. A few days ago bis family received an official letter from the district tax office ad dressed to Herr Stephan Schmidt and reading as follows: “You are hereby officially notified that on account of your death taxes for 1908 have been written off.” Woman Accomplished Linguist. Miss Marteina Kramers of Rotter dam. Holland, is one of the most ac complished of women linguists. She can read and speak thirteen different languages. She is the editor of Jus Suffragii, the official organ of the In ternational Woman Suffrage Alliance. She receives reports from the different countries affiliated with the Interna tional Alliance and translate them for her paper, which is printed in English. | It Didn’t Work. "I would like,” said the gentlemanly agent, "to call your attention to a lit* tie work which I have here,” “Well, let mo call your attention to a whole lot of work which I hav» hero,” replied the man at the desk. —- Chicago Record-Herald. Husselton (out of patience)—Great Snails! Why, this train is simply crawling along, conductor. What’s the matter? Conductor (without batting an eye) —Perhaps tho engine has turned tur tle. By Way of Chicago. A pupil of one of the public schools In Chicago sends this communication: Dear Sir: In our school this morn- Ing an amusing dialogue took place. A primary teacher of Chicago, wish ing to Impress on her pupils the nec essity of greater quiet, said: “I am a great deal larger than any of you, yet I don’t make any noise when I walk around tho room.” “Perhaps,” remarked little aevon year-old Kenneth, “you don’t wear shoes.” “Oh, yes I do,” quickly replied the teacher, “just look. Did you ever see any larger than mine?” Kenneth surveyed them carefully. “Yes,” ho replied slowly, “once —in a show.”—Waverly Magazine. Cruelty to Skeletons. The Heiress —But it’s nothing extra ordinary for the count to have a fam ily skeleton, poppa; nearly all noble men are similarly situated. Mr. Bigpile—Of course they arc, darn ’em! They can’t earn enough to keep a little fat on their poor skele tons’ bones! Anticipated Cause for Sorrow. Ina came in from the country on her fifth birthday to visit her cousin May. At night they were put to bed early. An hour passed, when heart-breaking sobs were heard from the children’s bedroom. "What’s the matter, children?” asked May’s mother, entering the dark room. From under the bedclothes Ina sobbed out: “May won’t give me any of her peanuts.” “But Muy has no peanuts,” replied her aunt. "I know that.” sobbed Ina, “ but sli*» said If she did have peanuts she wouldn't give me any.”—The Deline ator. The Inner Voice. Mamma was trying to teach her four-year-old daughter the differenco between right and wrong. She said: “Listen, baby, and you will bear a lit tle voice in your heart, which will tell you what God wants you to do.” A few days later, having some dis turbance in digestion, and hearing a rumbling noise within herself, she called to her mother: “Mamma, mam ma, come quick; God is talking to me in my stomach.” Anybody can preach economy—the thing is to practice it. DENVER DIRECTORY everywhere for $27.00. Semi for our free cat ■ lokua of saddles and harness. Lowest price.'' In the U. S. The Fred Mueller Saddle A llar neer Co.. 1113-11) Larimer St.. Denver. Colo. BROWN PALACE HOTEL European I'lan. 51.50 uml I pwurd. w r REPAIRS of every known make Ol ! l I L of st-ove, furnace or range, tiro. A. Pullen, 1331 Lnwrenee, Denver, I'ltono 725 DHkl I IMV Dealer In all kinds of MKK- Dllll I. LUUA CHAN DISK. Mammoth cata log mailed free. Cor. 16th and Blake, Denver. FREE LACE SAMPLES Do you want them? 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