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BY SEA and RIVER
in JAPAN m? wz<jr Atami! The name calls up one of the strangest and loveliest spots in Japan, a place where the orange trees seem to be in perpetual fruit* where warm winds blow almost all the year round, yet where the sea rolls in with unceasing thunderings, loud as on any Atlantic coast, to be drowned in their turn by the terrific roar of the geyser, which bursts forth thrice in the 24 hours, clouding the air with its fierce white steam. On either side of the smooth curves the bay the rocks run far out into sea—black, forbidding rocks, honey-combed with deep caves, where you can row through arched water ways, rough and crested by the ever lasting breakers beyond, and come out into the sunshine again accompanied by huge sea-birds startled from their eyries by the passage of your boat. Your boatman must steer carefully, for the depths are spiky with sub merged crags running up to the day light here and there, in island spires, where scarlet lilies have taken root and are waving their flaming banners in the midday sun. That is in high summer; but If it be winter, the land may be clothed in snow, the sea is one stretch of frosty diamond and sapphire, softened In the foreground by clouds of surf that breaks over the rocks in pearly spray, bluish in the shade and rosy gold where it leaps high against the sun. And behind you, through the foot-hills, one road to the outer world runs low between groves of greenest trees covered with the tiny fiery globes cJ the Mandarin or ange, which will cnly grow in warm and sheltered spots. Directly behind the town the other road winds through the rice fields, «p to the ruined temple in whose ( grove stands the oldest tree in Japan, the great camphor tree, reputed to have lived for a thousand years. Still it flings out tent above tent of radiant though its base is so worn Wpftj hollow that a little chapel has yeen made in the trunk, with a seat where travelers can rest and meditate on the superiority of trees to men. No wonder that earth clothes grate fully the venerable roots of this patri arch tree! Ages ago, the local wise men say, when the geyser tore its way up from the heart of the world, it belched its boiling flood into Atami bay and killed all the fish, so that the people were desperate, seeing their livelihood destroyed before their eyes. Then the good priest of the temple, praying earnestly for his flock, threw a branch of the sacred tree on the sea, c ommanding the boiling spring to re turn to earth and do no more damage. Instantly it obeyed; and I am sure that the priest, like a practical Japa nese, took advantage of its submission to set reasonable hours for its bub blings up, -for, since the memory of man, It returns every eight hours, fill ing the hundreds of water-pipes that are laid to carry it away and provide hot water for the inhabitants of Atami. Dropping from here and wandering through a hundred aspects of the ever varying Japanese scenery, there is a footpatn to Miyanoshita; but one must leave Atami at daybreak to reach that little warm-bath paradise before dark, and then one will be very hqplth ily tired! The Atami fishermen are rough, rather saturnine fellows, accus tomed to the hardest work and the moft constant risks. They have to beat out a considerable distance for their catch, and the sea found those coasts is as capricious as a spoilt smiling at one momtH and going into rages at the next. The By MRS.HUGH FARSER JTATUUUHIMA „ a.tarrs boats keep pretty close together, and run to harbor (with an alacrity that is instructive as to the strength of the storms) at the first symptoms of a squall. So many have never come Home at all! Although Atami is but a short dis tance down the coast from Tokyo, change and progress have made but little way there. The old beliefs hold tenaciously, perhaps because they are really the oldest beliefs of all, and the men who wrest a living from the sea are those who come closest to the un tamed elements in nature, and, there fore, have more of the primeval man in their composition than any inland folk can retain. What can representa tive government and higher education do for the toilers of the sea? Their business is with an element that laws cannot bind nor armies terrorize, that will smile or frown at its own mysteri ous will, as it has smiled and frowned since the world began. So they let the new instruction preach to those who lead easier lives than theirs, and they cling to the old observances which give them 1 ope, and incidental ly bring some gaiety into their own hard lives. Just in the warmest moment of the long Japanese summer a great reli gious festival is held in honor of the sea. It was my good fortune once to be present at this ceremony, and it has remained the most picturesque of all my Japanese memories. For days beforehand the great triumphal cars were being built up and decorated to carry bands of geishas; the big drums were tightened up to give tlicir most deafening noise; the streets were gar landed with flowers from end to end. When night—and the full moon — came, the gilded, flower-smothered cars were dragged down the street, over sands and as far into the waves as the naked fishermen could stand. Then flowers and offerings were flung on the waters to honor the deities of the sea, who, in their turn, were ex pected to bless the cars, their occu pants, the men who drew them and all the families and interests of the strange old-world village. I remem ber that sake was flowing freely after wards, and that the feasting ended with a gorgeous riot, which seemed like a dream of the old Japan we poor moderns can never see. Very different from the deep-sea fisherman’s life is that of the river and canal boatman. With its one sail set to catch the softly constant breeze, his little craft winds in and out of the endless waterways that are never ruffled by off-shore storms, and.draws Into snug shelter when the steady Japanese rain pours down. The in land boatman sees, perhaps, more of the country than any of his fellow-in habitants, and he has less trouble than most of them in providing for his wants. The river fish are rather poor in flavor compared with those of the great “Black Salt,” as the local gulf stream is called; but they are readily caught and furnish many a good meal. The Japanese are all fond of fish ing; It suits tb*;lr patient, philosophic temperaments. I have heard prim, el derly court ladies acknowledge that it was the one relaxation which gave them real pleasure. I am sure they envied, as 1 often did, the life of the river boatman, who, never hurried In the delivery of his cargo of rice or straw, stones or earthenware, can cast his netted stone down for an anchor under the shade of a spreading tree, throw a line and wait for the gladden ing nibble that is sure to come in 11 m«. WIFE OF JAPANESE AMBASSADOR Baroness Takahira Is Woman of Wide Culture. Washington.—Baroness Kogora Ta kahira, wifo of the Japanese ambas sador to this country, arrived in Wash ington recently to begin her second social experience in the land her own country has taken as its proto type. Like her immediate predecessor, Viscountess Aoki, who was also her successor in the embassy in Washing ton, Baroness Takahira is a woman of broad international social experience and one whose early education was Baroness Kogora Takahira. mainly received from European schools. Like her, too, she lias adopt ed the English style of dressing foi all occasions except those when of ficial etiquette makes the wearing ol her native costume de rigueur. These occasions are every year becoming fewer and farther between and so. tn prevent the graceful garb of the Jap anese from being entirely forgotten by the official world, Baron Takahira, at the close of his last term of office here, presented Mrs. Roosevelt with 12 miniature Japanese women, each one adorned in a perfect specimen ol what a high-class native lady would wear for this, that or the other occa sion in the Island of Nippon. These figures have since occupied a cabinet In the state parlor Mrs. Roose velt reserves for her personal use ai the White House. Officially, it is known as the red room and few are tivo callers admitted for the first time who do not want to know the history of their “doll majesties.” FRANCE’S PERPETUALMOURNING, Strassburg Monument Always Draped for a Lost Province. Paris. —Eight stone figures, each rep resenting an important town now or at some previous time in France, rise upon lofty pedestals around the Place de la Concorde, in Paris, one of the largest and most beautiful squares in the world. One of these figures at tracts particular attention because it is always, year in and year out, hung with crepe .and mourning garlands. This Is the Strassburg monument and the crepe expresses the grief of the French people over the loss of Alsace- Lorraine, of which Strassburg is the capital. Louis XIV. annexed Alsace-Lorraine to France in 1681, but in the war of 1870-71 the district was regained by Germany. Strassburg, whose garrison Strassburg Monument. against the Germans for six weeks, but the city finally was surrendered Sep tember 27, 1870. The Strassburg monument, like that to Lille, one of the seven others, was designed by Pardier. An organization known simply as the Patriotic society keeps it draped. Where’s the Good Time? “They tell me,” said the colonel, “that if you want to go out fo’ a good time without feelin’ the effec’s of the licker, you mus’ talk a teaspoonful of olive oil befo’ you staht. That’ll sort of line youah stummic and keep the licker frum goin’ to youah haid. “I don’t think much of that tlieah way of doin’. In the fust place, it ain’t treatin’ youah stummic right to fool it laik that, and in the second place, how you goin’ to have a good time, I’d laik to know, if the licker 4on’ go to youah haid?" India’s Increased Coal Output. Mining in India has increased largely, according to the annual re port of the chief inspector of mines in India. Last year the coal output was 10,526,468 tons, an increase of 1,400,000 tons over 1906. Production of manganese rose from 436,442 tons in 1906 to 642,082 tong, and 152,000 people are employed. THE DAIRY GOOD STANCHION FASTENER. Is Simple, Easily Made, and Never Fails to Hold. The cattle stanchion 1 use, as shown in the accompanying sketch, is sim ple and easily made, and never fails to hold, writes a correspond-nt of Prai rie Farmer. The top pieces of the stanchions are made of 2x4 stuff. The loose bar is Wire Loop for Fastening Stanchion. cut at an angle of 45 degrees at the top and should be long enough to ex tend about 1 % Inches above the top pieces. C is a loop made of No. 9 wire about nine inches long with a hook bent at. right angles on each end. These are fastened to the top pieces with fence staples so as to hold the bar in proper place when closed. A shows the stanchion open and B closed. DAIRY SCHOOL COURSE. It Is Absolutely Essential to the Man Who Would Run Creamery. The day is past when a full-fledged butter or cheese maker could be pro duced in two or three months, and even an apprenticeship of a year in a good factory is not any longer con sidered sufficient for the man who is to take charge of a creamery or cheese factory, and do the right thing by his employer. In these days of strong competition, it is absolutely necessary for the butter and cheese maker to be as well informed as it is possible for him to be in order to hold -his own, and a course at one of the dairy schools will mean a great help to him; in fact, he is seriously handicapped without such a course. That is not saying that the old butter and cheese maker, who never went to a dairy school, is not in many cases as competent as the one who did, says the Northwestern Agriculturist, he oftentimes is, and sometimes a great deal better, but it should be remembered that he started in when the factory way of making butter and cheese was quite a new one, and by keeping his eyes open and doing more or less ex perimenting at the expense of his employers, lie was enabled to make of himself a first-class man. Many of his class to-day realize the im portance of a dairy school course, and, as of late years, a goodly num ber of the students in the school this winter will be found to be old. ex perienced makers. Surely, if such men can and do derive any benefit from a dairy school course, the younger men derives still more. RAMSHACKLE DAIRYING. It Is the Kind That Does Not Pay— Get Good Cows. No one would keep a hired man who- insisted on earning less than half of liis wages, yet it is fully as unbusinesslike to keep cows that will not pay for the food they consume, de clares Farm and Home. Many of us just aim to keep a certain number of cows. When we dispose of one we purchase another to fill the vacancy. She may be better than the one sol’d, but the probabilities are that she is not so good. As to breed, some are Durhams, some Herefords, some Jerseys and some grades. We breed one year to a Durham, the next to n Jersey and the next to any mongrel that happens to be convenient, because the service fee is less. Each breed has its merits fully admitted by all fair-minded men, but one of the greatest evils against which we have to contend is the tend ency to cross the breeds. In pioneer days it was often unavoidable, but in this day it is entirely wrong. Good Butter in Demand. The average country storekeeper can hardly get his hands on enough good butter to supply the demand. There was a time when country but ter was a drug on the market, but that time has passed now. Perhaps the buying and shipping of cream is in a measure responsible. Washing Butter. The time to wash out the butter milk from butter is when it has reached the granular stage. Good but ter comes not by any chance, but from good feed, properly separating the cream and careful churning. The cream should always be churned whan ready. BUTTER COLORS. A Good Thing for the Farm Butter Maker to Let Alone. Butter colors are a good thing for the farm butter maker to let alone, declares the Farmers’ Review. Some of the coloring compounds that have been put on the market in the past have been made of coal tar, and without doubt many butter colors are still on the market that are made from this material. Colors derived from coal tar are supposed to be poi sonous, and some of the states have prohibited their use. But even if they are harmless, it is better to let them alone. Skill is re quired in their use, and it is difficult for the unskilled butter-maker to get the same shade of color in different batches of butter. In the creamery it is different, as so much butter is made that the use of the coloring matter can be reduced to exact proportions. In the creamery, milk is received from all kinds of patrons and all kinds of cows, and the artificial col oring makes it possible to turn out a uniform product day by day. So the use of a vegetable coloring matter in the creamery can hardly be con demned; for by it alone is a uniform ity of color possible. But on any single farm the color of the butter will be uniform, as the milk comes from the same cows all the time. Cows differ greatly as to the color of their cream. With some cows it is of a very deep yellow color, and with other cows it is so light as to l»o almost colorless. The color fac tor is largely a matter of breeding. A I man can improve the color of his but ter by using for breeders only the ! cows that produce milk of good color. It is true, however, that some of | the best Durham cows produce cream j very light in color, and when a man ; has a good cow of this kind he can j not afford to discard her, just because j of the lightness of the color of he'' I butter-fat. He can help himself by ; keeping other cows that will make up ' for the deficiency. . The color of farm butter is a mat | ter of sentiment only, and with some ! consumers it counts for nothing. While a man has private customers for his butter, he will have no trou ble on account of color, so long as he lets artificial coloring matter alone, if a person is selling butter on the open market, the posession of a good color does go some distance in secur ing sales. If after all a farmer determines to use butter colors in the making up of his farm butter he should reduce its use to a science and learn to always use the same proportion. This is not > an easy thing to do; for it is hard to i use little enough of the butter color ! in a small batch of butter. | The feed of the cows has some bearing on the color of the butter, and it is this that gives to June but ter its high color. The cows are at that time receiving a very full ra tion of succulent green grass, and the green color in the grass comes out in the butter-fat as yellow of a pro i nounced shade. Good clover hay ! cured in away to retain its original i green color helps some in keeping 1 fall and winter butter of a good color. CARE OF MANURE. One Farmer Who Has Put a Manure Bin in Cow Stable. Not being blessed with a very fer tile soil, we have learned by experi ence the value of fertility, writes an Ohio Farmer in Agricultural Eplto ndst. We have constructed a new cow stable in one end of our barn. As shown by sketch we use the swing ing stanchion, and by the way our partitions between stalls are of heavy woven wire fencing, which admits Cow Stall and Manure. more light. We like them very much. Our gutter behinnd the cows is of cement. On the outside adjoining the barn we have a manure bin. It is SxlG feet in size. The floor and the sides to a height of two feet are also of concrete. Above this, boards are used, except a space in the middle, which is loft open for convenience In loading. This could be closed with doors if desired. Wo keep our horses in box stalls and haul the manure from them direct to the field. By the liberal use of bedding and absorbents we hope to make more and better manure. DAIRY NOTES. Germs, it is said, multiply faster in pasteurized milk than in any other kind. Therefore keep the pasteurized milk in a cool place and use it as soon as possible. Never use the milk utensils for any thing but milk. There never was a dairyman yet who could offer an excuse for keep ing scrub cows in his herd. The rea son is very simple; there is no excuse. At present high prices the dairyman should raise as much of his own feed as possible. If cows that are well fed and prop erly cared for do not prove profitable, dispose of them and get others. In building up the herd it will be found the fall fresh cow It the best and so is the fall calf the best to buy. Don’t use cheap salt in making but ter. Use table Balt ait the barrtl kind is too coarse. One of-the Essentials of tile hanpy homos of to-day is a vast fund of information as to the best methods of promoting health and happiness and right living and knowledge of the world’s best products. Products of actual excellence and reasonable claims truthfully presented and which have attained to world-wide acceptance through the approval of the Well-Informed of the World; not of indi viduals only, but of the many who have the happy faculty of selecting and obtain ing the best the world allords. One of the products of that class, of known component parts, an Ethical remedy, approved by physicians and com mended oy the Well-Informed of the World as a valuable and wholesome family laxative is the well-known Syrup of Eiga and Elixir of Senna. To get its beneficial effects always buy the genuine, manu factured by the California Eig Syrup Co., only, and for sale by all leading druggists. Have Little Care for the Morrow. In the Congo the extravagance of the average white man is astonishing. Champagne is the invariable order of the day for men getting a few hundred dollars a year, and the official usually lands in Antwerp after three years with enough money for a spree, when he must sign and go back. —World’s Work. Th«*re to more Catarrh In this portion of the rounlrj than all other dlHoiwea put toKCthor. nnd until the lust tow years wan supposed to be Incurable. For a tcrent many years doetors prnnouneed It a local dl*ea.“e and prescribed local remedies, and by constantly falllm; to cure with local treatment, pronounced It Incurable. Science has proven Catarrh to be a constitutional dis ease. and therefore requires constitutional treatment, ilall's Catarrh Cure, miuiutnetunsl by F. J. Cheney A Cc.. Toledo, Ohio. Is the only Constitutional cure on the market. It Is taken Intcrnully In dom-s from 10 drops to a toaspoonful. It acts directly on the blood and mucous surfac«-s of the system. They , offer one hundred dollars for any eaae it falls to cure. Send for circulars and testimonials. Address: F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo. Ohio. Sold by I)rum:lst.s. 75c. Take Hall's Family Pill* for constipation. He Would Talk. “This la a busy wire, I tell you.” roared the excited man in the tele phone booth. And from the other end of the wire came this: “I don’t care, I will talk.” “Get off the wire!” shouted the other, beside himself. “You don’t want to talk with me.” But it was no use. “I’ve paid ten cents to talk,” came the answer, “and I’m going to do It.” And talk he did, busy wire or not. The Still Alarm. A tourist in an out-of-the-way region of England put up one night at an amiable old lady’s cottage, the village inn being full. Now, the tourist was very deaf, which fact he took pains to Impress upon the old lady, together with In structions to wake him at a particular hour In the morning. On waking a great deal later than the time appointed, he found that the amiable old lady, with a commendable regard for propriety, bad slipped un der bis door a slip of paper on which was written: “Sir, it is half-past eight!"—Harp er's Weekly. NOT UP TO THE RECORD, ■’~•- ■ ■ - - Boy Had, at Least Once Seen Larger Pedal Extremities. A pupil of one of the public schools In Chicago sends this communication: “Dear Sir: In our school this morn ing an amusing dialogue took place. "A primary teacher of Chicago, wishing to impress on her pupils the necessity of greater quiet, said: “ ‘I am a great deal larger than any of you, yet I don’t make any noise when I walk around the room.’ " ‘Perhaps,’ remarked little seven year-old Kenneth, ‘you don’t wear shoes.’ “ ‘Oh, yes, I do,’ quickly replied the teacher; ‘just look. Did you ever see any larger than mine?’ "Kenneth surveyed them carefully. " ‘Yes,’ he replied, slowly, ‘once —in a show.’” —Waverly Magazine. ASTONISHED THE DOCTOR Old Lady Got Well with Change of Food. A great scientist has said we can put off “old age” if we can only nourish the body properly. To do this the right kind of food, of course. Is necessary. The body manu factures poisons In the stomach and intestines from certain kinds of food stuffs and unless sufficient of the right kind is used, the injurious elements overcome the good. “My grandmother, 71 years old,” writes a N. Y. lady, ‘‘had been an in valid for 18 years from what was called consumption of the stomach and bowels. The doctor had given her up to die. "I saw so much about Grape-Nuts that I persuaded Grandmother to try it. She could not keep anything on her stomach for more than a few minutes. ‘‘She began Grapo-Nuts with only a teaspoonful. As that did not distress her and as she could retain it. she took a little more until she could take all of 4 tcnspoonfuls at a meal. ‘‘Then she began to gain and grow strong and her trouble in the stomach was gone entirely. She got to enjoy good health for one so old and wo know Grape-Nuts saved her life. ‘‘The doctor was astonished that In stead of dying she got well, and with out a drop of medicine after she began the Grape-Nuts.” “There’s a Reason.” Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Read “The Road to Well ville,” In pkgs. Ever read the above letter? A new one appear* from time to time. They are genuine, true, and full of human interest.