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Not content with sending wireless
messages for hundreds of miles through the ether, Mr. Hans Knudson, a Danish engineer, has recently per f:ed an electrical appliance by means which actual photographs may be t through the air without wires and reproduced with great fidelity at a re ceiving station hundreds or even thou sands of miles away. The photograph shown at the left is the small piece of apparatus which sends the photograph, and on the right is reproduced a pho tograph of King Edward VII. of Eng land, which was actually sent by Knud son’s apparatus, and reprodpced 100 miles away, the whole process occu pying only 12 minutes. ENGLISH AUTOMOBILE HOUSE. The latest development in automo biling for pleasure is the construction of a real house on wheels. The ma chine shown in the photograph con tains comfortable sleeping accommo dations for four people, a kitchen with a small coal range, and a combined din ing and living room. On the top are plenty of seats for lounging in pleas ant weather. Mr. Charles Fletcher of London, England, and his family lived in this machine last spring and sum mer, during a tour which covered a large part of the continent of Europe. Touring in this way, one is quite inde pendent of hotels and may live with more than gypsy freedom, going wher ever the condition of the roads will permit. SPINELESS CACTUS. «pe spineless cactus is one of the ard Burbank's recent productions ■which holds out promise of great fu ture usefulness. It can be grown, of course, in the most arid deserts, and, the spines eliminated, it will furnish, when properly prepared, very nourish ing forage for cattle and horses. Fur ther experiments are now under way SPENDS TWO YEARS AS TRAMP STUDYING WORTHY UNEMPLOYED ESCENDING to the level of the humblest member of the great army of unemployed that I might keenly suffer the deprivations of the worthy homeless and gain D M a full understanding of their needs is what I have been doing for the last two years. A young man who accosted me one night and asked for the price of a meal took me for the first time Into the highways and byways of the men who lack work. This lad struck me as not being a common vagrant and I took him to a restaurant and bought him a meal. He told me that he had come west looking for work. I undertook to veri fy his story and found it true. His case caused me to think and it was through him that I got my first in centive to work for the erection of a lodging-house in Denver, for iHilch the law provided. I called on Mayor Speer and told him of the NEW WONDERS Of MEN and NATURE on the Burbank farms, In the direction of producing a cactus which will fur nish an appetizing addition to the list of vegetables edible by man. A CAR THAT CARRIES ITS OWN TRACK. The. curious automobile shown in the photograph, which carries with it its own track, is designed for use in the rougher parts of the United States where roads are either altogether miss ing or are practically impassable dur ing a large part of each year. The track consists of a number of heavy feet, linked together to form an endless chain. This chain is revolved by the sprocket wheei shown near the rear of the photograph. With this machine great weights can be carried over the roughest ground. It will even go up and down the sides of an extremely steep ravine and makes nothing of or dinary ruts and mud holes. A number of these strange automobiles are in By EDWIN A. BROWN. need of a lodging-house for the city’s poor and reminded him that the law provided for the erection of some sort of shetler for the homeless. He ad mitted a knowledge of the law, but said he* thought such a place would only encourage idleness. I told him I did not think that all the homeless human beings walk ing the streets of Denver were im posters. To carry out my plans I obtained an outfit of shabby clothing, includ ing overalls, with the idea of appear ing as a man out of work for some time. Then I went into the lower end of the city and began scraping acquaintances. My shabby clothing was the badge that brought confidences and I began to get facts. Every un fortunate that I met I asked, "Where do you sleep?" What I learned will be a convincing argument for the erection in every city of a municipal lodging-house. One night, asking a passing hobo use in the undeveloped regions of the northwest. NEW LINK BETWEEN BCIENCE AND BUBINESB. Out at the University of Kansas they have taken a step which seems to be the last link needed to bind together science and business. In the big chemical laboratory of the university eight or nine post graduate students are already at work, each of them try ing to solve some problem which means a fortune to the business man or corporation directly interested. The young man shown in the photograph, for instance, is spending three years in the study of the chemistry of bread. During this time he is supported by a fund appropriated by the National As sociation of Master Bakers. Another student is working to find a better enamel for lining the inside of steel bath-tubs. His scholarship of SI,OOO a year is paid by a large corporation, which will be directly benefited by his work. These post graduate students will also be paid a certain per cent, of where he slept, he directed me to the brickyards on the edge of the city. Arriving there, I found it to be also a tile making plant, with many fiery kilns In operation. The em ployes were cleaning out the fire for the evening. I approached one of them and asked where a fellow could find a place to sleep. He led me to a kiln, the fire of which had been raked out a short time before. “In there," he replied, gruffly, yet kindly enough, pointing to the interior of the kiln, which was still warm. I looked In. There on the floor of the kiln were at least fifty men, sprawled out. I entered. Some of them were asleep. No one spoke to me. I tried to sleep, but could not because of the heat. Every little while I crawled to the opening for air. I was deter mined to stick it out. That experience was one of my flrßt and strongest arguments for a municipal lodging-house. In the morning we were aroused early by By Henry M. Hyde the extra profits which their discov eries may bring to the manufacturers who adopt them. In many cases, also, they will step directly from the univer sity Into extremely responsible and well paid positions. BASKET WILLOWS THE NEW FARM CROP. Willows for use in making baskets are a new farm crop which the depart ment of agriculture is doing its best to introduce in this country. At pres ent vast quantities of basket willows are imported from France and Ger many, but already large plantations have been established in western New York, Indiana and the vicinity of Balti more. On a single acre of rich, well drained bottom land, as many as 34,000 plants may be set out, and if tended with the same care given to other crops, the net result may well exceed that of any other acre of the farm. Cuttings of the variety of willow which has proved most successful may be obtained from the department of ag riculture in Washington. j the appearance of the working men of the plant. Coming out into the cold air, all of us half clad, the chill was insufferable. Every day some of those who had sought like resting places the night before were taken with pneumonia and necessarily be came a charge of the city. In Chicago I went into a police station and inquired where I could get a night’s lodging. The lieutenant told me I could find several places in the neighborhood where I could get a bed for 10 or 15 cents. I told him I had not a cent. Turning to a patrolman he said, kindly: ‘Here, show this man to the North Union Street Municipal Lodging-house.’ I found the building to be an old one, and nothing to boast of from an ar chitectural standpoint, but the in terior was a revelation for order, cleanness and watchfulness on the part of the attendants. Every feature of the place was good. The sanita tion was perfect. After having a bath clean night clothes were given to me and I was led to the dormitory. The beds, the floors and other equipment were faultlessly clean. New York has a half-million-dollar municipal lodging-house. I stayed there one night. I entered the build TO SAVE TEN THOUSAND LIVES. Two million men and women em ployed in various industrial pursuits met with more or less severe accidents last year. During the same time the Inumber of male workmen 15 years of , age or over killed by accident was be ing about 10:30. As I ascended the stairs a young girl, maybe 15 years old. was in advance of me. The great portal opened, one of the matrons embraced that girl, clasping her in an affectionate motherly hug. They have a wonderful system In New York. After registering I was taken down-stairs, stripped and given a bath. My clothes were placed in a bag and taken to the fumigating room. After the bath I got clean under clothing. As I stood with the others who had entered with me, a man entered with a bucket and a pad dle. Sticking the paddle in the bucket he then gave me a swat on the head. ‘What is that, I asked, taken somewhat by surprise. ‘Germicide,’ he replied, ‘that’ll kill ’em all." He was going to swipe me again when I remonstrated. One paddleful is enough. ‘‘Better kill ’em all,’ he ex claimed, laconically. The municipal lodging-house at New York accommo dates 1,000 men and fifty women. It is an excellent place and a splendid example to every city in the country. How different is this sort of treat ment than that I found meted out to the unfortunates at the Helping Hand mission in Kansas City. There I remember a poor lad suffering from & ♦ tween 30,000 and 35,000. In other words, one out of every 50 people in the United States—counting men, wom en and children —was killed or injured by accident. In addition to this great economic loss hundreds of thousands of people suffered from illness directly due to the conditions under which they work. In Europe much more progress has been made in the direction of safe guarding the lives and the health of employes in industrial institutions. The photograph shows an air strainer which is used in Germany by workmen employed In polishing brass and in oth er pursuits where the air is filled with flying metallic fragments. The glasses shown serve to protect the eyes from the same danger. THE TRAVELING ROOTLESS CAC TUS. The curious round object shown in the photograph is a rootless cactus, a native of the great California des ert. For eight or nine months in the year, in th(* shape of a flattened globe, the plant is blown about the flat sandy* floor of the desert by the winds which sweep fiercely in from the ocean. When the first cloudburst breaks over the desert in the spring, the dried-up cactus sends out a perfect network of thread-like roots, often spreading over a circle whose radius is ten feet. From these roots spring small shoots each of which becames a cactus like the mother plant. The young plants suck the life out of the parent. When the few weeks of the rainy season are over the roots dry up and in the place of one there are perhaps 100 little balls left to be tossed about over the desert floor, some of them traveling 40 or 50 miles from the spot where they first appeared. (Copyright. 1909, by Joseph B. Bowles.) inflammatory rheumatism in bad form. The first cry of the city authorities against these lodging-houses Is the great expense, yet they think nothing of adding hundreds of thousands of dollars to the cost of constructing other municipal buildings for no other purpose than making them ornamen tal. Is it not strange how we human beings would prefer to pay taxes for the support of criminals in the peni tentiaries rather than take a cheaper means to prevent the making of criminals? Every man who walks the streets unemployed is looked upon as a vagrant or suspicious character of some sort. I tell you that 90 per cent of those unemployed men are honeeL I know it from experience. Do not take the estimate of the police depart ment. The police department is look ing for criminals. With the police, every beggar is a suspect. Twice I have been arrested while wearing my disguise and was thrown in jail. I do not know whether you understand what a bullpen is. They are dungeons, located generally in the middle of the jail building. Into these they herd the vagrants, the criminal* and the suspects of both sexes."