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DEGREASES IN NEW TARIFF BILL Schedules as Compared with the Rates Under the Existing Dingley Measure. HIDES ON THE FREE LIST Marked Reduction In Wood Pulp and Print Paper—Rough Lumber Down from $2 to $1.25 Per Thousand Feet —Wool Schedule Shows Little Change—Corporation Ta* Law Pro vlded For —Bonds to Build Panama Canal. « Washington.—The schedules of the oew tariff bill, with comparisons with rates under the Dingley measure, are as follows: Rough lumber goes down from $2 to $1.25 per thousand feet, with cor responding reduction in the differen tial on dressed lumber. The wool schedule underwent no change of consequence, but the en tire cotton schedule was reconstructed Bereno E. Payne. Republican House Leader. and the phraseology greatly changed in the hope of preventing reductions through decisions by the courts such have characterized the administra tion of the Dingley law during latter years. In many instances the rates intended to be imposed by the Ding ley law were cut by the decisions, the reductions in some instances being from 60 per cent, to eight per cent, ad valorem. It is estimated that the rates fixed by the bill are about three per cent, higher upon an average than those collected on cotton last year. Probably the most marked reduc tions throughout any schedule ip the bill as a result of the action of the two houses and of the conference com mittee are found in the metal sched ule. Beginning with a decrease in the rate of iron ore from 40 to 15 cents per ton, there is a general reduction ihroughout that portion of the bill, pig iron going down from $4 to $2.50 per ton. and scrap iron from $4 to sl. The reduction on many of the items in this schedule amounts to about 50 per cent., and this reduction includes steel rails. There is an increase on structural steel ready for use and also a slight increase on razors, nippers and pliers, and on such new metals as tungsten. Rates on Hosiery Increased. The rates on hosiery are generally increased. In the much contested mat ter of the rate on gloves the high pro tectionists fail to score. They sought, through an increase made by the house, to raise the duty materially the Dingley figures, but were aw gonized by the senate, and the won, the only change made in thw entire schedule being one slight reduction. The silk schedule was reconstructed with a view of imposing specific rath er than ad valorem dutiec, with the re sult that the average duty will be somewhat higher under the new law than under the present statute. Oil cloths and lineoleum are heavi ly cut, but otherwise the changes in the flax, hemp and jute provision were not material. A slightly in creased duty is provided for hemp, both crude and hackled, and also on certain high-grade laces. On linen yarns and mattings there is a reduction. Sugar and tobacco duties remain substantially as they are under the Dingley law. The free importation of considerable quantities of both of these articles from the Philippine is lands is permitted, and a material change was made in the internal reve nue law by an amendment taking the tax off the sale of tobacco in the hand. There is a uniform increase on spir its, wines and liquors of 15 per cent. Raise Rate on Hops. In the agricultural schedule hops are increased from 12 to 16 cents a pound and there is also an increase on lemons, figs, almonds and pine apples. The publishers win their fight for lower wood pulp and print paper, the rate on the ordinary newspaper print paper being fixed at $3.75 per ton in stead of $6 as under the Dingley law, and on the higher grades of print pa per $3.75 instead of SB. Mechanic ally wood pulp is to come In free of duty Instead of paying one twelfth of a cent a pound as under the Dingley law, but provision is made for a countervailing duty in case it becomes necessary to protect this country against Canada's inhibi tions upon the exportation of woods to the United States. Hides of cattle come in free and there is a corresponding reduction on leather and leather goods. The free hide provision is based on the condi tion that on and after October 1, 1909, sole leather from the hides that are to be admitted free will pay a duty of five per cent.; grain, buff and split leather 7 % per cent.; boots and shoes, the upper leather of which is made from such hides, 10 per cent., and harness and saddlery, 20 per cent. This schedule of rates will re sult in a reduction of 15 per cent, on boots and shoes, 20 per cent, on har ness and saddlery, 15 per cent, on sole leather and 12% per cent, on leather for uppers, if made of the hides that are put on the free list by the pro vision. Bituminous coal is reduced from 67 cents per ton to 45 cents, and there is also a reduction- on gunpowder, matches and cartridges. Agricultural implements go off from 20 per cent, ad valorem to 15 per cent, and the older works of art are placed upon the free list. Petroleum, which re ceived much attention in both houses, slips through without any duty, countervailing or otherwise, and most of its products come in under the same terms. Increases in the chemical schedules are as follows: Liquid anhydrous ammonia, from 25 per cent, ad valorem to five cents per pound. Manufactures of collodion, increased five per cent. Coca leaves increased five cents per pound. Fancy soaps increased from 15 cents per pound to 50 per centum ad va lorem. The list of decreases In this sched ule was much longer, the principal items being as follows: Boracic acid from five to two cents per pound. Chromic acid and lactic acid from three to two cents per pound. Salicylic acid from ten to seven cents per pound. Tannic acid, or tannin, from 50 to 35 cents per pound. Sulphate of ammonia from three tenths cent per pound to free list. Borax from five to two cents per pound. Borate of lime and other borate ma terial from four to two cents per pound. Chloroform from 20 to 10 cents per pound. Copperas from one-fourth cent to fif teen hundredths of one cent per pound. lodoform from $1 to 75 cents per pound. Licorice from 4% to 2% cents per pound. Cottonseed Oil on Free List. Cottonseed oil and cotton oil from the dutiable to the free list. Flaxseed, linseed and poppy seed oil from 20 to 15 cents per gallon. Peppermint oil from 50 to 25 cents per gallon. Ocher and ochery eartlfß, sienna and sienna earths, and umber and umber earths, if ground in oil or water, from 1% to one cent per pound. Varnishes from 35 per cent, to 25 per cent, ad valorem. Methylated and spirit varnishes from $1.32 per gallon and 35 per cent, ed valorem to 35 cents per gallon and 35 per cent, ad valorem; white lead, acetate of lead, and a number of other lead products, from one-fourth to one eighth of a cent a pound. Bichromate and chromate of potash from three to 2 % cents per pound. Chlorate of potash from 2% to two cents per pound. Crystal carbonate of soda from three-tenths to one-fourth of one cent per pound; chlorate of soda from two to 1 % cents per pound. Hydrate of, or caustic soda, from three-fourths to one-half of one cent per pound; nitrate of soda from 2 % to two cents per pound. Sulphate of soda, or salt cake, or miter cake, from $1.25 to $1 per ton. Strychnia, or strychnine, from 30 to 15 cents per ounce. Sulphur, refined or sublimated, or flowers of, from $8 to $6 per ton. In earthenware and glassware there is but one increase. This is slight and is made on the smaller sizes of plate glass. The decreases in this schedule include: Fire brick, glazed, enameled, and so forth, from 45 per cent, to 35 per cent, ad valorem; brick, other than fire brick, if glazed, from 45 per cent, to 35 per cent, ad valorem. Plaster rock, or gypsum, crude, from 50 to 30 cents per ton; if ground or calcined, from $2.25 to $1.25. Unpolished, cylinder, crown and common window glass, smaller glass and cheaper values, reduced one-eighth of a cent per pound. Onyx in block, from $1.50 per cubic foot to 65 cents per cubic foot Duty Lowered on Marble. Marble, sawed or dressed, over two inches in thickness, from sl.lO to $1 per cubic foot, with other reductions on the entire marble paragraph and on other stone. There is a general reduction in mica to 30 per cent, ad valorem. There was before a mixed specific and ad valorem system. Structural steel, fitted for use, falls in the basket clause at 45 per cent, ad valorem. There also is an increase on razors, and upon nippers and pliers. Lithograhpic plates are increased from 25 to 60 per cent ad valorem. Chrome metal, ferrosilicon, tungsten, and other new metals used in the manufacture of steels, are made duti able at not more than 15 per cent, ad valorem. Tungsten ore is made duti able at ten per cent. The duty on watches was read justed, remaining at about the same as the Dingley law. A duty of one cent per pound was put upon the zinc in the ore where it contains more than 20 ncr cent, of zinc. On zinc with less than 20 per cent, there is a lower rate of duty. Zinc now has a duty of 20 per cent. There was an added duty of one half of one cent per pound upon plain bottle caps, and on decorated bottle caps the duty was increased from 45 to 55 per cent. The reductions in the metal sched ure are more numerous and generally more marked than in most of the others. Heading the list is iron ore, which was decreased from 40 to 15 cents per ton. Pig iron, iron kent ledge, and Spiegeleisen, were lowered from $4 to $2.50 per ton. Scrap iron and steel from four to one dollar per ton. Reductions were made on bar iron, round iron, slabs and blooms, structu ral steel not fabricated, anchors, iron and steel forgings, hoop, band, or scroll iron or steel, steel bands or strips. . Railway Bars and Bteel Rails. The reduction on cotton ties is from five-tenths to three-tenths of one cent per pound, and railway bars and steel rails from seven-twentieths of one cent per pound to seven-fortieths. Iron or steel sheets were also re duced, and the duty on charcoal iron is made six dollars a ton, instead of sl2. Other reductions in the metal sched ule affect polished sheets, rolled sheets of iron, steel, copper, or nickel, steel ingots, cogged ingots, blooms and slabs; round iron or steel wire; steel bars or rods, cold rolled, cold drawn, or cold hammered, or pol ished; anvils, axles; blacksmith’s hammers and sledges, track tools, wedges and crowbars; bolts; cast iron pipes; cast hollow ware; chains; lap welded or jointed iron or steel boier tubes; cut nails and spikes; horse shoe nails; wire nails; spikes, nuts and washers; cut tacks; steel plates engraved; rivets; cross-cut saws, mill saws, circular saws, pit and drag saws, steel band saws and all other saws; screws; wheels for railway pur poses; aluminum; momazite sand and thorite. Tin plates reduced from one and one-half to one and two-tenths cents per pound. Duties on table and carving knives reduced and the minimum limit of the Nelson W. Aldrich. Senate Leader. rates on these knives is made 40 per cent, ad valorem, instead of 45. Ma terial reductions are made in the rates on files and the duty on cash regis ters, jute manufacturing machinery, typesetting machines, machine tools, printing presses, sewing machines, typewriters, and all steam engines, is reduced to 30 per cent, ad valorem from the existing rate of 45 per cent. Until January 1, 1912, embroidery and certain lacemaking machines, and ma chines used for the manufacture of linen cloth, and tar and oil spread ing machines used in the construc tion of roads, are to be admitted free. Lumber Schedule. In the lumber schedule the only in creases were those on shingles from 30 cents to 50 cents per 1,000, and on briar wood and laurel wood for the use of pipe makers from the free list to 15 per cent, ad valorem. The rate on sawed lumber was decreased from $2 per 1,000 to $1.25 per 1,000. There was also a diminution on timber from one cent, per cubic foot to one-half cent, and on sawed boards of white wood and kindred woods from $1 per 1,000 to 50 cents per 1,000. The re duction in the differential rates in favor of dressed lumber averaged about one-third of the Dingley rate. Paving posts, railroad ties and tele phone poles are reduced from 20 to 10 per cent, ad valorem; clapboards from $1.50 per 1,000 to $1.25; laths from 25 cents to 20 cents per 1,000, while fence posts and kindling wood were taken from the dutiable list and placed on the, free list. The only change in the sugar sched ule consisted of a reduction of five hundredths of a cent in the differen tial on refined sugar. In agricultural products broom corn was taken from the free list and made dutiable at three dollars per ton. Hops are increased from 12 to 1G cents per pound. There are also in creases on lemons, figs, almonds, pine apples and chicory root. The reduc tions in the agricultural schedule cov ered bacon and hams from five to four cents per pound, lard from two to one and one-half cents, fresh meats from two to one and one-half cents, and starch from one and one-half to one cent per pound. Tallow, wool grease, dextrin, peas, sugar beets, cabbages and salt were also lowered. The wine and liquor schedule was increased throughout to 15 per cent, over the Dingley rates. The cotton schedule was recon structed and readjusted to bring the duties up to those collected during the first four years of the operation of the Dingley law and to the rate then col lected under that law. Since that time the rates have been lowered, in some cases from 60 to 6 per cent, by court decisions. These new rates are equivalent to an addition, on the whole, of three per cent, ad valorem increase over that collected under the present law for last year. Cotton Hosiery. Cotton hosiery, valued at not more than $1 per dozen is increased from 50 to 70 cents per dozen pairs; more than $1 and less than $1.50 per dozen pairs, from 60 cents to 85 cents per dozen pairs; more than $1.50 and not more than $2. from 70 cents to 90 cents per dozen pairs. The remaining rates on stockings are the same 14s under the present law. Hemp is increased from S2O to $22.50 per ton and hackle hemp from S4O to $45 per ton. The cheaper laces remain as in the present law, but there is an increase from 60 to 70 per cent, on some of the higher priced laces. In this schedule single coarse yams are reduced from seven cents to six cents per pound and gill net tings from 25 to 20 per cent, ad va lorem. There was a general reduction in carpets and mats. A reduction from 20 cents to 15 cents is made in hydraulic hose. Oil cloth, including linoleum, was re duced about one-third. There was practically no change In the wool schedule from the rates of the Dingley law, but there was a re adjustment between tops and yarns and a small decrease on cloths with a cotton warp. Mechanically ground wood pulp was exempted from duty and placed on the free list with a provision for a countervailing duty against Canada. The lower grade of printing paper was reduced from $6 to $3.75 per ton and the higher grade from $8 to $3.75. There is an increase on surface coat ed paper and lithographing prints, in cluding postcards and cigar labels. Common window glass of the lower sizes, in which the imports are heavy, is given a reduction, and where changes were made in the chemical schedule there was a general de crease, except upon such articles as fancy soapß and perfumes, which were increased. Other Reductions. Bituminous coal goes down from 67 cents to 45 cents per ton, and there are reductions on gunpowder, matches and cartridges. Agricultural imple ments are cut from 20 to 15 per cent, ad valorem. Hides were placed on the free list, while the rate on band and sole leath er is reduced from 20 per cent, to five per cent, ad valorem, on dressed leather from 20 per cent, to 10 per cent.; boots and shoes from 25 per cent, to 10 per cent. Fireworks are increased from 20 per cent, advalorem to 12 cents per pound; wearing apparel made of fur from 35 to 50 per cent, and the higher class jewerly from 60 per cent, to 85 per cent, ad valorem; pencil lead is given specific rates instead of ad va lorem rates with a slight increase. For the first time moving picture films are named specifically in a tar iff law. The bill gives them a positive rate of 1% cents per foot. Petroleum, crude and refined, in cluding kerosene, gasoline, naphtha, benzine and similar petroleum pro ducts are made free of duty and are left even without a countervailing duty. The Dingley rates on women’s and children’s gloves are allowed to stand. The only change is a reduction on “schmaschen” gloves not over 14 inches in length on which the rate is made $1.25 a dozen pairs instead of $1.75. Miscellaneous Provisions. A provision is included in the bill which levies on all articles upon which any foreign country pays a bounty or grant upon its exportation, an additional duty equal to the amount of such bounty. It is required that all imported ar ticles capable of being marked with out impairment of their value shall be stamped with the name of the manu facturer and the country of origin. A very elaborate provision for the administration of the customs laws was adopted by the conferees. It is practically the same as that adopted by the senate. It is intended to pre vent undervaluation of articles on which there is no foreign market by which true values may be ascer tained. Provision is made for the estab lishment of a customs court of ap peals, with headquarters in Washing ton. It will comprise a presiding judge and four associate Judges, at salaries of SIO,OOO a year. There are to be appointed to conduct govern ment cases before this court a special assistant attorney general at SIO,OOO, a deputy assistant attorney general at $7,500, and four attorneys at $5,000 each. The internal revenue tax on tobacco is amended, making the rates on chew ing and smoking tobacco eight cents a pound. No change was made in the tax on cigars, except those weigh ing under three pounds per 1,000, which were increased from 54 to 75 cents per 1,000. The rates on cigar ettes were increased to $1.25 per 1,000. A prohibition against the use of coupons or special gift pledges is incorporated in the new law. The provision granting farmers Iks free sale of leaf tobacco places a restriction on the retail dealer which requires him to record every sale amounting to two pounds or more to one person in one day. A number of other Ironclad requirements are in cluded in the redraft of this section adopted by the conference committee, by which it was intended to prevent any frauds upon the internal rev enues, and at the same time give as much of a local market as possible the tobacco grower. The grswer ha . contended lor unrestricted sale ol amounts up to ten pounds. Foreign-built yachts are subject to an excise tax of seven dollars per gross ton, which is to be collected an nually v on the first day of September. In lieu of the excise tax the owner of a foreign built yacht or pleasure boat may pay a duty of 35 per cent, ad valorem on his yacht, ’this will entitle him to American registry. The excise tux provision was adopted be cause of the fact that some question has been raised about the ability of the government to enforce collection of import duties. Corporation Tax. Every corporation, joint stock com pany or association organized for profit, and every insurance company is required to pay annually an excise tax of one per cent, upon its entire net income over und above $5,000. This feature was put into the bill to raise additional revenues to apply on the treasury deficit. The section was prepared by Attorney General Wicker sham, assisted by other able lawyers in the administrative circle, and great care was taken to guard against double taxation. It provides a form of publicity which will enable the gov ernment to exercise supervision over corporations. The form of returns which must be made by corporations, and other features of the corporation tax law were made public in detail during its consideration in the senate. It is estimated that from $20,000,000 to $30,000,000 a year will be collected under this form of federal taxation. The secretary of the treasury is authorized to issue Panama canal bonds to the amount of $290,5G9,000, which sum, together with that already expended, equals the estimated cost of the Panama canal. It is not intend ed that the bonds shall be issued ex cept as needed to provide money to carry on the work of canal construc tion. The bonds are to be payable 60 years from the date of issue, and will bear interest at a rate not exceeding three per cent. When the bonds are sold the secretary of the treasury will restore to the working balance the $50,000,000 paid originally for the canal property and the canal The re-enactment of the provision authorizing the issuance of treasury certificates for money borrowed to meet public expenditures, increases the amount of the authorization from $100,000,000 to $200,000,000. A large number of other provisions that are in force under the existing tariff law are included in the conference bill, with a few changes in phraseology in several cases. The drawback provision of the Ding ley law is incorporated in the confer ence bill in lieu of the drawback of the house bill which intended to per mit the substitution of domestic ma terial in the manufactured article for export to the same quantity that the imported material, upon which a drawback was obtainable, was used in the manufacture of similar articles for domestic consumption. An addi tional provision was adopted entitling users of domestic alcohol in the man ufacture of perfumery and cosmetics to secure a drawback of internal rev enue tax to the amount of alcohol used in an exported article. Senate Ideas Accepted. Practically all the administrative features of the bill which were adopt ed in the senate were accepted by the conferees. They include a new maxi mum and minimum feature, a corpo ration tax law instead of the inheri tance tax adopted by the house, au thorization for a bond issue to raise money to build the Panama canal, as well as numerous other features. The maximum and minimum provi sion prescribes duties in accordance with the rates named in the dutiable list until March 31, 1910, when 25 per cent, ad valorem is to be added automatically as the maximum duty. The president is authorized to apply the '"minimum rates, however, to im ports from a country which gives its best rates to the products of the United States and is made the Judge as to whether a foreign country ac cords to the United States treatment which is reciprocal and equivalent. When he finds that this condition ex ists he is to issue a proclamation put ting in effect the minimum rates and until the time of the proclamation the maximum rates will apply. The president is empowered to em ploy such persons ns may be required to secure information to assist the president in the discharge of the du ties imposed upon him and informa tion which will be useful to the offi cers of the government in the admin istration of the customs laws. The reciprocity treaty with Cuba is not af fected by the maximum and minimum provision. The president is empowered also to abrogate those reciprocity treaties which can be terminated by diplomat ic action. It is made his duty to give 10 days’ notice after the bill becomes a law of his intention to bring those treaties to an end. All other treaties which contain no stipulation in regard to their termination by diplomatic ac tion shall be abrogated by a notice of six months from the president to those countries, the notice dating from April 30, 1909, on which date Secretary Knox notified foreign gov ernments that the United States would soon ask them to enter into new tariff relations. GENEROSITY OF THE GOURMET Frenchman Partial to Properly Cooked Chop, But He Did Not Alto gether Forget His Wife. A Frenchman hesitates to pay two dollars for a pair of ready-made trousers, but it is his delight to spend a fiver on a meal. The speaker, a waiter, smiled. “My brother, Gustav of Dax,” he said, “is a renowned gourmet. They talk all over Dax of Gustav's way ol grilling a lamb cutlet. Is it a good way, but expensive? Oh, la, la!” “La, la?” The guest frowned. “What do you mean by ’la, la?’ ” he inquired. “It just means *gosh,’ ’jingo,’ ‘my goodness,’ anything like that,” said the waiter, impatiently. “About my brother Gustav. He always grills his own chops. He won’t trust the work to any one else. He does it like this: He lays three chops, one on top of the other, on the grill. Seated before the fire, he turns the chops over and over till the two outer ones are done to a very dry brown. The middle one only is the one he eats. Ah, but it must be delicious. It has received, you see, all the rich, delicate juices of the oth er two.” The guest sneered. “And does he throw the other two away?” he asked. “Oh, no,” the waiter answered. “He gives them to his wife.” —Buffalo Ex press. CHILD HAD SIXTY BOILS. And Suffered Annually with a Red Scald-Like Humor on Her Head. Troubles Cured by Cutlcura. “When my little Vivian was about six months old her head broke out in boils. She had about sixty in all and I used Cuticura Soap and Cutlcura Ointment which cured her entirely. Some time later a humor broke out be hind her ears and spread up on to her head until it was nearly half cov ered. The humor looked like a scald, very red with a sticky, clear fluid com ing from it. -This occurred every spring. I always used Cuticura Soap and Ointment which never failed to heal it up. The last time it broke out it became so bad that I was dis couraged. But I continued the use of Cutlcura Soap, Ointment and Resol vent until she was well and has never been troubled in the last two years. Mrs. M. A. Schwerin, 674 Spring Wells Ave., Detroit, Mich., Feb. 24, 1908.“ Potter Drug St Gbem. Corp., Sole Props.. Boston. Evening Things Up. There is much rivalry between Judges Rosalsky and O’Sullivan of the general sessions in New York and last w’eek it looked as if O'Sullivan had the laugh on his rival for all time. He had a man before him whose name was Rosalsky, but who swore that he was an Irishman. But Friday things were evened up when a man named Flynn was brought before Judge Ro salsky and swore that he was a Jew. Important to Mothers. Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA a safe and sure remedy for Infants and children, and see that it Bears the Signature of< In Use For Over JJO Years. The Kind You Have Always BoughL A Trying Time. Judge Why did you strike this man? Prisoner —What would you do, judge, if you kept a grocery store and a man came in and asked if he could take a moving picture of your cheese? —Harper’s Weekly. OWES HER LIFE TO Lydia E. pinkham’s Vegetable Compound Vienna, W. Va. — “I feel that I owe the last ten years of my life to Lydia . .... E. Pinkham’s Vege table Compound. Eleven years ago I was a walking Hl .Vf 1 shadow. Iliad been ; £jJ| under the doctor’s •fm carebutgotnorelief. W i j My husband per .. > * jr suaded me to try •>, ••’ Lydia E. Pi nkham’s Vegetable Com- JhiagHHQ/V pound and it worked like charm. It re- HEHHMB&iI lieved all my pains and misery. I advise all suffering women to take Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound.” —Mns. Emma Wheaton, Vienna, W. Va. Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Com pound, made from native roots and herbs, contains no narcotics or harm ful drugs, and to-day holds the record for the largest number of actual cures of female diseases of any similar medi cino in the country, ana thousands of voluntary testimonials are on file in the Pinkham laboratory at Lynn, Mass., from women who have been cured from almost every form of female complaints, inflammation, ul ceration,displacements, fibroid tumors, irregularities, periodic pains, backache, indigestion and nervous prostration. Every such suffering woman owes it to herself to give Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound a trial. If you would like special advice about your case write a confiden tial letter to Mrs. Pinkham, at Lynn, Mass. Her advice is free, and always helpful.