Newspaper Page Text
he SPIRIT of in
ternationalism in it broadest applies- m tlon was the per- ■ vadlng cbaracterls- \ tic of relations be tween the various | countries of Ameri ca during 1908. The year was T marked by numerou* gatherings of the mpreeentatlre elemenU of nation atdife both In Latin America and the United Btatea and on all occasion! Indications of a unanimity of senti ment and community of interest were markedly displayed. Of paramount importance was the carrying into effect of the various conventions of the Washington Peace Conference of 1907 entered Into by the republics of Cen On September 15 the Central American bureau was inaugurated in the capital •of Guatemala for the furtherance of reciprocal interests among the nations of Central America and with the as eembUng of the first Central American conference at Te gucigalpa, Honduras, in the first month of 1909, additional emphasis la given to the intention of the nations inter ested to embrace all feasible means for the development of their material possibilities. The participation of Pan-America was a feature of the Lake Mohonk conferences of 1908 and 1909 and active In terest was indicated in such industrial assemblies as the International Fisheries congress, the Irrigation congress, the Tranß-Mississippi Commercial congress, the Rivers and Harbors congress and the Conservation congress, all of which were held in the United States and attended by delegates from the republics to the south. In the field of science the Fifth Pan-American Medical congress, meeting In Guatemala City during August, was an event of note, and the gathering of savants of the western hemisphere in Santiago de Chile in December, for tbe purpose of holding the first Pan-American Bcl* TRADE OF AMERICA IN 1908. Imports. Exports. Total. Argentina Rep.. . 9272,972,786 1366,005,341 |638,978,077 Bolivia 16,323,000 17,514,000 33,837,000 Bnsfl 177.460,000 220,475,000 397,926,000 CMto 97,661,421 116,489.411 214.040.832 Colombia 13,613,892 14,998,744 28,612,636 CMtk Rlon 6,629.406 7,767,626 13^86,930 Cnba .. 86418.291 94,60*424 179,881.71» JDomtaican Rep. .. 6.117,468 » 9.486444 14,618.807 ■a—dor 8460466 8446471 164*6427 Ona terns la 6411486 6.756.143 12,667,729 Unit! 4.701,160 3,478448 8,180.008 BaiM 2,829,979 1,884,060 4.664,089 r H«XtOQ .......... 110,800,000 121470.000 232,170.000 , . Mww. 3,000.000 4,600,000 7,100.000 M TSMU 1.787,106 0,603,046 Vnmßw ....... 3.000,704 3,731,745 7,001.734 . >Mra (attlmtod). 1i.000.0M *7.760.000 63,760,000 i MMor ......... 6.717477 10,038437 '5ni3MM .... 1,110,440.831 1.763,333,247 3,303.333433 ' On£«» 34,313404 37430433 71430437 rfwomU 0,773410 14480430 34430,040 J T Totals ......61,000,70047063437414.20064447410447 Wealth of Latin America entitle congress, marked by tbe four I.atln-American scientific congresses previ ously held. As a compli- ment to this cooperative action, Washington was se lected for the next meeting place of tbe congress, in 1912. Intellectual stimulus has been aroused through the holding of students' congresses and the year 1908 was marked by an Increased number of Latln-American stu dents in United States universities ns well as by a vastly augmented interest on the part of the United States in the applied educational methods of Latln-American countries. Not the least contributing factor in this interest is the better knowledge being daily acquired through the tide of travel which Is setting toward Latin America and for which improved communication facilities are largely re sponsible. With the assembling of the fourth International Con ference of American States in Bnsnos Aires In 1910 the common interests of the American nations will be still further accentuated and the results of the previous meetings at Washington, Mexico and Rio de Janeiro reported on in the light of recent events demonstrating tbe status of America at a whole la world affairs. The aggregate of trade for the various countries com posing the International Union of American Republics daring 190* was 64447.013447, against 66,415.733.197 la the preceding year. This loss of over 1850,000,000 la at tributable to well-known economic causes which affected commercial centers throughout the world. In the total for the year tke share of the United States to reprsasated by 834(9433,938. composed of iss- BY HERBERT F. JACKSON The following table gives the chief weights and measures In commercial use In Mexico and the republic! of Central and South America, and their equivalents in the United States: Denomination. Where used. U. 8. equivTnt Are Metric 0.2471 acre. Arobe Paraguay 25 lbs. Arroba (dry).... Argentine Republic.... 25.3171 lbs. Do Brazil 32.38 lbs. Do Cuba 25.3664 lbs. Do Venexuela 25.4042 lbs. Arroba (liquid).. Cuba and Venexuela... 4.263 gala. Barril Arg. Rep. and Mexico.. 20.0787 gals. Carga Mexico and Salvador... 300 lbs. Centaro Central America 4.2631 gals. Coadra Argentine Republic 4.2 acres. Do Paraguay 78.9 yds. Do Paraguay (square) 8.077 sq. ft. Do Uruguay 2 sc. (nearly) Cubic meter Metric 35.3 cu. ft. Fanega (dry) Central America 1.6745 bu. Do Chile 2.575 bu. Do Cuba 1.599 bu. Do Mexlbo 1.54728 bu. Do Uruguay (double) 7.776 bu. Do Uruguay (single) 3.888 bu. Do Venesuela 1.599 bu. Ftasco Argentine Republic 2.6096 qta. Do Mexico 2.5 qts. Oram Metric 16.432 gr. Hectare do .7. 2.471 acres. Hectoliter (dry). ..do 2.838 bu. HoctoUtor (llq.). ..do 26.417 gals. Kilogram (kilo). ..do 2.1646 lbs. ports. $1,116,449,681. and 025, composed of $1,423,169,- 820 and $1,923,426,205 for imports and exports, re spectively, in 1907. a de- WEIGHTS AND MEASURES. crease of $477,313,097 being indicated. Latin America figured in the grand 1 J total for $1,977,737,019, showing a de cllne of $89,647,589 In the trade vol ume as compared with the previous year. Imports into all of Latin America during 190* amounted in value to $893,253,998. against $1,000,297,852 in 1907, the indicated decline for this branch of trade being $107,043,854. On the other hand exports with a total valuation of $1,084,483,021 show a gain of $15,578,701 over the figures for 1907, when Latin-American mer sbandlse was shipped abroad to the value of $1,068,904,320. From the foregoing statement it is seen that In spite of certain adverse conditions In the financial world the demand for articles of Latln-American origin created a i trarift hn’anrp in., favor of the producing countries to ths 1 (Anßfil or vi91.2y!1 ( U23. in which sum the exports for the year exceeded the imports. In the year’s trade total for Latin America the United States* share was $468,21G,455, as compared with $558,- 279,201 in 1907, receipts of Latin-American merchandise figuring on the trade lists of the country for $271,498,425 and shipments of United States goods to those countries being represented by $196,718,030. as compared with im ports worth $317,726,133 and exports $240,653,068 in 1907. In considering the figures given above, adverse con clusions must not be drawn as to the value of the Latin- American field of trade. The falling off in the exchange of commodities for the year 1908 with the United States, as already suggested, was due almost entirely to unfavor able and unusual economic conditions. The reliable measure of such value is determined by comparing the statistics of the present with those of 10 years ago, and here a great increase is shown. The outlook for the com ing year is good, and there is an awakening among busi ness men in both North and South America to the possi bilities of trade exchange heretofore undeveloped which must have a beneficial effect on Pan-American commerce. Denomination. Where used. U. S. equivTnt Kilometer do 0.621376 mil*. League (land)... Paraguay 4.633 acres. Libra Argentine Republic.... 1.0127 lbs. Do Central America 1.043 lbs. Do Chile 1.014 lbs. Do y Cuba 1.0161 lbs. Do Mexico 1.01465 lbs. Do Peru 1.0143 lbs. Do Uruguay 1.0143 lbs. Do Venezuela 1.0161 lbs. Liter Metric 1.0567 qts. Manzana Costa Rica 1 5-6 acres. Marc Bolivia 0.507 lb. Meter Metric 39.37 in. Pie Argentine Republic.... 0.9478 ft Quintal do 101.42 lbs. Do Brazil 130.06 lbs. Do Chile, Mexico, Peru.... 101.61 lbs. Do Paraguay 100 lbs. Do Metric * 220.46 lbs. Buerte Uruguay 2,700 cuadrap. (SeeCuadra) Vara Argentine Republic.... 34.1208 In. Do Central America 33.874 in. Do Chile and Peru 38.367 in. Do Cuba 33.384 in. Do Mexico 33 In. Do Paraguay 34 In. Do Venezuela 33.384 in.