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IMPORTED NURSERY STOCK
CARRY DESTRUCTIVE PESTS Winter Nests of Brown-Tail Moth Brought to This Country From France—General Warning Given to Keep AH Plants Under Strict Watch—Insect Exercises Deleterious Effect on Health. (By C. L. MARLATT, Entomologist, Unit ed States Department of Agriculture.) Winter neats of the brown-tail moth, each filled with hundreds of young larvae, and occasional egg masses of the gipsy moth have been brought in to the United States, the former in enormous numbers, during 1909-1910 on imported nursery stock, and the im portations for the season 1911 are again bringing in these brown-tall moth nests. This infested stock, com ing largely from nurseries in northern France, has been scattered widely over the United States east of the Female Gipsy Moth. Rocky moutains, and while every ef fort has been made to trace these Importations and Inspect and disinfect them the probability of many unre ported shipments or inefficient inspec tion is very great. A general warning is therefore giv en to all users of such imported plant etock, namely, to nurserymen, fruit raisers, and purchasers of ornamen tals for city or part planting, to keep a)J such imported stock under strict watch to see that these pests do not develop. It is scarcely necessary to comment on the tremendous danger which the importations of nursery stock of the last three seasons have brought to this country. The enormous cost of the gipsy moth and the brown-tail moth in New England is now well known. Throughout the infested dis tricts of New England orchards have been completly destroyed and forests largely obliterated, and even where woodlands and parks have been pro tected at an enormous expense their beauty and value have been vastly lessened. .Massachusetts has spent millions of dollars in an effort to control these and with their spread to other jstates the work of control has been taken up in these also. The National government has been asked to come to the rescue, and is now appropriat ing $300,000 a year in the mere at- I tempt to check the distribution of these pests along the principal high ways. Massachusetts and the other infested New England states are now spending more than a million dollars a year in control work. In spite of tthese efforts and thin enormous ex The Brown-Tail Moth. penditure the gipsy moth and the brown-tail moth are steadily spreading in New England and great damage is experienced form them yearly. Ex termination is entirely out of the ques tion, and all these expenditures must go on indefinitely at a probably in creasing rate, unless some natural check by means of parasites can be brought about. In addition to the great destructive- TWELVE VARIETIES OF DUCKS There are 12 standard varieties of flucks raised in this country as fol lows: The white Peking, white Aylesbury, colored Rouen, black Cayuga, colored Muscovy, white Muscovy, Indian run ner, gray call, white call, black East India, crested white and blue Swedish. Of these varieties the first seven are ness of these pests to orchards and forests, their establishment in any suburban residential district means an enormous depreciation in property val ues, as is now illustrated about the city of Boston, and very notably less ens the attractiveness of coast or mountain summer resorts. The north shore towns of Massachusetts and low er Maine resorts have already felt this Influence, and for such regions as the Catskills or Adlrondacks the estab lishment of these pests would be most disastrous, Inasmuch as control over such extended forested mountains is practically Impossible. When it is realized that these two peats have bees widely distributed, on Imported nursery stock, in 22 states during the years of 1909 and 1910. and are now coming in on imported stock from France and Belgium, the danger to the whole country is fully apparent, and this danger applies to every or chard and to every owner of private grounds and also to our entire forest domain. The tax from these pests, should they gain foothold throughout the country, as measured by the ex isting cost in New England, is almost beyond estimate. In addition to the great monetary loss, the brown-tail moth exercises a very deleterious effect on health. The Winter Nest of Brown-Tail Moth hairs which cover the caterpillars oi this moth are strongly nettling, and not only are they so from accidental contact with the caterpillar which may fall on clothes, face, neck, or hands from an infested tree, but also from the myraids of hairs which are shed by these caterpillars when they trans form to the chrysalis state. The lat ter fall and find lodgment on cloth ing, or collect on the face, neck, or hands, and frequently cause very dis agreeable and extensive nettling, the effects of which may last for months. Breathed into the lungs they may cause inflammation and become pro ductive of tuberculosis. The brown tail rash is well known throughout the regions infested in New England and thousands have suffered from it All of the assistants who have been connected with the government work with these pests in the New England states have been seriously poisoned. Two of them have had to give up their work and go to the southwest to at tempt to recover from pulmonary trou bles superinduced by the irritating hairs of the brown-tail moth, and the death of one man employed on the work was due to severe Internal poi soning contracted in field work against larvae. This insect is. therefore, a most undesirable neigh bor, even if it were not responsible for great injury to orchards and orna mental trees. considered profitable to raise; the two varieties of calls and the black East India are bantams and are bred more for the show room; the crested white may be considered as almost purely or namental, while at present but little is known of the blue Swedlßh in this country. The Illustration shows a Rouen drake and duck. Good Jokes SIDE LIGHTS ON HIS CAREER. A deputation from the Literary guild had waited on Dr. Samuel Johnson and asked him to make a speech be fore that body on a certain date.’* “Gentlemen,” he said, “I shall have to refer you to my press agent. Mr. Boswell. Jim, hare I got to make a spiel anywhere next Tuesday night T “Why, no, doctor,” answered Bos well, in an undertone, “but you’ll hare to pass it up. Tou know it will be two weeks yet before you get your glad rags out of bock. Gentlemen,” he add ed. turning to the callers, “I regret to say that Dr. Johnson’s time will be fully occupied for the next fortnight” This Incident on mature reflection, was suppressed by Mr. Boswell when he came to write that immortal bi ography. Diverse Tactics. Both boys had been rude to their mother. She put them to bed earlier than usual, and then complained to their father about them. So he started up the stairway, and they heard him coming. ’’Here comes papa,” said Maurice. “I’m going to make believe I’® asleep.” "I’m not,” said Harry. "I'm going to get up and put something on.” — Harper's Monthly. A Life Subscription. He sits on the sofa, from time to time opening his lips as though about to say something important, but each time hesitating. At last the fair young thing looks up at him with a radiant •mile, her red lips parting delicious ly over her ivory teeth and her glow ing eyes thrilling him to the soul. “Obey that impulse!” she murmurs. He did, and in June she took him for life.”—Life. Then We’re All Guilty. “Homer Davenport is asking for a divorce on the grounds that his wife has treated him in a cruel and inhu man manner.” “Then he ought to have it.” “But how could she have done that when he weighs over 200 pounds?” “Perhaps she laughed at one of bis cartoons.” THEBE COPPER MINES. The Artist—l should like to paint your portrait Were you ever done In oil? The Countryman—No, but I was done in copper once. Matrimony. "Man wants but little here below,” You've heard It said: That’s what he Rets, the records show. When once he’s wed. Btory Got the Near-Sighted Man. “While 1 think 1 am rather Inclined fo give, yet I try to be discriminating, not to give to every beggar with an idle and obviously untrue tale, but,” said the near-sighted man, “I fell im pulsively for a story new to me this morning. “ ’Boss,’ said the man as he looked at me, 'l’ve lost my spectacles and I’m trying to get together enough money to buy another pair.' “You know if I should lose my spec tacles I should be lost myself and on that story 1 gave up without another thought." Useless Talk. “How’s business?” said the man in the barber’s chair. “Oh, I’ve plenty of it, but a lot of It Is unsatisfactory." “What do you mean by unsatisfac tory?” “Why. you know, I shave the men up in the deaf and dumb asylum!”— Yonkers Statesman. She Was Suspicious. Cashier —I’m sorry, madam, but l can’t honor this check. Your hus band’s account is overdrawn." Lady—Huh! I thought there was something wrong when he wrote this check without waiting for me to get hysterical.” The Part She Won’t Like. “She thinks that man with the medal is a hero because he doesn't pose.’’ “She’ll think him something else soon.” “Why?" •He doe* n’t pro-pose, either." TROUBLE. AH kinds of trouble! You can pick and choose. If you want a cause to kick. There’s more than you can an. Tou can hear the war cry Any time you please. Bometlmea it’* In Bpanlah, And sometimes In Japanese. All kinds of trouble! Anything you like! The trusts are out for plunder. There are rumors of a strike. And yet we're takln’ notice. meanln* for to boast. The things that never happen Are the things that fret ua most. Why They Change. Ashley—l have noticed that men are the most changeable creatures in the world; lots of them part their half in the middle when the are young, but hardly one In a hundred keeps the practice up. Seymour—Why is that? Ashley— Principally because hardly one in a hundred has any hair in the middle to part. THE RETORT UNPLEABANT. Mrs. Hoyle—They teach children very differently from the way they did when I was a girl. Mrs. Doyle—l didn’t suppose there were any schools at all when you were a girl. A Rash Promise. Whene’er It comes my time to die And Join the ghostly pack. You won’t hear me exclaiming: "I Will send a message back.” Still He Refused. The poet had asked Father Time to turn backward in his flight, and had encountered a stern refusal. “If you don’t.” stormed the poet. “I’ll recite all the stanzas of it to you!” Pale but determined, old Father Time took his medicine like a ilttla man. In the Morning. “When I awake in the morning, the first thing I do is to congratulate my f elf upon the fact that I have lived to see another day.” • “I don't. The first thing I do when I awake in the morning is yawn and wish I didn’t have to get up for an other hour.” Was a Terror. Conceited Fop—l warn you to be ware of me for they say I am a dan gerous man with the ladles. Debutante—Do you really dance as awkwardly os that? —Meggendorfer Blatter. Harmless Amusement. “I see somebody has sold you a gold brick at one time.” “Yes,” said Farmer Whlffletrees. ”1 paid $2 fer that brick. It’s worth Its weight In gold to amuse the summer boarders.” A Sad Canine. Giles—There goes a handsome wom an who Is leading an unhappy life. Miles—How do you know? Giles—Why. don’t you see her drag ging that poor dog along at the end of a string? HARD TO GET THERE. The Preacher—There Is always room at the top. The Deacon —Yes —but the elevator Is not always running. Hardly. This Russian dancer, so far as We are concerned will get the hook; No man on earth can dance away That we'd think worth three plunks a look. Neither. Seymour—ls Register's hotel con ducted on the American or the Euro pean plan? Ashley—Neither, I should say; Judging from the appearance of the cooks and the waiters It's conducted on the African plan. Beats Washday. Cltlchap—What do you consider the most delightful season In the sub urbs? Mrs. Urban—Spring. All our neigh bora clean house then and their rugs and carpets ars exposed to view. THE BOUDOIR COMBINE ALL COLORS EXTREME OF BLENDING MARKB FANCY BLOUBEB. fe Well for Home Sewer to Take a Look at Some of the Designa Dis played In the Btorss Use of Chiffon. It would be a liberal education to the home sewer for her to examine the relays of fancy blouses forever ap pearing in the shops before starting in with her own sewing. These bodices, all of which have been designed by capable persons—some, Indeed, are copies of high-priced French garments —all give splendid ideas for the blend ing of materials. The oddest contrasts In color are seen, the most unique ef fects, and so many different tints and textures are put together that one wonders a little sometimes of the manufacturers weren’t simply using up scraps. Yet everything has Its reason for being to those who understand the art of dress, the wild contrast in color alone being one of fashion’s latest madnesses. Then in the very use of the linings under the veiled waists there are unnumbered hints. One sees the same lining, a coarse foulard with STOCKINGS FOR LITTLE ONES New Design Will Provo Boon for Wor ried Mothers of Healthy, Romping Youngsters. When the summer comes and the active boys and girls, filled with the zest of life, are rolling hoops, jump ing rope and playing ball, garters do get broken and mothers are in despair not only because of this, but because of the big holes that the catches some times tear In little stockings. Now. however, a novel kind of hosiery has been put on the market for the youngster, obviating all diffi culties of this kind. These are nothing more or less than stockings which reach all the way to the little waists, having a straight piece back and front, which is of elastic material, with button holes which button right onto the lit tle underwaists. Such hosiery is not only practical, but prevents all possibility of the garter showing beneath small skirts or bloomers, and also serves to keep the underwaist In place. The stockings come in brown and black and white. Coats for Summer. White Is to be fashionable this sum mer, and nothing Is prettier than a white cloak. White satin evening cloaks faced with black are smart, but not practical as compared with the same style of coat In light-weight cloth. These coats should be cut on some loose model, and can be trimmed or plain. The sailor collar and revers of velvet covered with heavy lace are effective, but they are equally effective of plain velvet, and velvet for the moment seems more In favor than satin as trimming. Heavy embroidery and braiding around the bottom of the coats, with the same trimming re peated on the wide turned-back cuffs and sailor collar, make the garment most elaborate. Sometimes the revers are faced with satin, not velvet, and this obviates the too heavy effect of so much braiding and embroidery, which always looks stiff.—Harper’s Bazar. Belt for a Child. As a relief from the dull and patent leather belt for the heavy linen frock for the little maiden there are velvet belts. These velvet belts differ from those of the grownups in the fact that they close In front with a large flat bow Instead of a regular buckle. crude colors and patterns, on another counter, but how different it looks when the veiling or chiffon Is over it. The colors are softened or entirely changed. the pattern beautifully blurred, dimmed, made the mysterious symphony it should be Instead of the hard board of geometrical arabesques it once was. The exception in such cases, where a thin goods is put over a patterned lining, is with the checked doublings. These show the exact pat tern through, but since a check when veiled Is very smart the result is charming. Some of the ready-made fancy blouses are incredibly cheap, one de sign showing chiffon in various deli cate tints over thin silk linings with big flowers. These have silver and gilt tinsel yokes and sleeve edges, the shape of the waist on the kimono or der, and a contrasting embroidery in coarse floss and tinsel at the front. One little beauty of a faded and yet deeplsh blue had red roses and green leaves in the lining and a sort of purple embroidery with tinsel touches on the front. Other waists in the same design were in every color Imaginable, the embroidery matching or contrast ing, and the universal price was Just five dollars. The bodices are for wear with the smarter coat suits of cloth or velvet and for house use. They look best when matching the skirt or suit at some point, and of course they would be Intensely vulgar if relegated to every-day wear. In fact, the fancy bodice signifies some elegance in the get-up, though a veiled waist in a dark color —matching the dress—with out much trimming may be used with a very plain frock. The illustration shows a seml-shlrt waist style that is as suitable for a middle-aged woman as a young lady if the sleeves are made wrist length for the older wearer. Crepe de chine, foulard, alpaca, cashmere and flannel are suitable textures, and with the trimming modified the design Is quite possible for linen, madras and pongee or other wash shirtings. As pictured, the waist Is part of a dress of dim green cachemire de sole with a trim ming of black satin. For the elderly wearer the w’alst can be closed at the side front, the back openings seeming a little too foolish for those above a certain age. MARY DEAN. Cut Both at Once. j Before cutting out sleeves always double your material and cut the two together. Then you are bound to cut them right, and they will match prop erly. If the material he striped, see that the stripes come directly over one another. Pin the material to make sure, as nothing looks worse than two sleeves, the stripes In one of which do not match those In the other. FULL SET OF UNDERCLOTHING Comfort and Style In These Dainty Garments That Small Maid Will Appreciate. This little set may be made up In fine longcloth or maddapollam; the little petticoat has the skirt edged with embroidery, headed by tucks and Insertion; It is gathered to the bodice, that is trimmed at neck with beading and embroidery, the armholes being feather-stitched above em broidery. Material required: IVi yards 36 inches wide. The nightdress, combinations and chemise are all cut square at the neck, which is outlined with beading threaded with ribbon and edged with embroidery. The legs of the knickers and combi nations are gathered to bands of In sertion edged with embroidery. Materials required: for the night dress, 2Vi yards 36 Inches wide: for the chemise, IV4 yard yard 36 inches; for the drawers, 1 yard 36 Inches: for the combinations, 2 yards 36 inches.