Newspaper Page Text
Hard Lot of the
Unhappy Sailor HE recent strike of seamen was a result of the general dissat isfaction among men In all parts of the world over pay, hours, accommodations aboard T ■hip and food, which, they say, has been steadily growing worse for the last ten years. While the cost of liv ing and the necessities of life have gone up and the wages of laborers ashore have risen, the big steamship companies have done nothing to bet ter the conditions of their crews, it is asserted. Officers, engineers and firemen at ■ea have four hours on duty and eight hours off, while the men who have to stand the brunt of the elements on deck have four hours on deck and four below throughout the voyage, except In port, when they work from 6 a. m. till 6 p. m., with half an hour for breakfast and an hour for dinner. The food served, the men say, is cooked generally by an assistant scul leryman, who does not know enough to boil salt water, and the biggest At lantic liners are little better in this reßpect than the 2,000 ton tramps, ac cording to the statements of the crews. Eight years ago the British board of trade investigated the system of pre paring meals for seamen and found that when a man was unfit to do any thing else he was shipped as a “cook" for the seamen. Cook for the Sailors. As a result of this investigation the of trade passed a law compell ing all vessels sailing under the Brit ish flag to carry a cook who had passed an examination before an in spector appointed by the board and re ceived Its certificate. The wages of & ship’s cook, S2O to S3O a month, did not attract a rush of promising appli cants for examination, and conse quently there were not enough to go round, those possessing certificates demanding higher pay. To get around this law the steam ihip lines signed a certificate cook on each vessel and then transferred him to the Incoming ship just before sail ing time, replacing him on the out wardbound vessel with a man selected by the chief cook as the most useless assistant in the potato peeling, dish scouring department. With the advent of the big liners, whose decks are kept wet by spray throughout the winter months, the mortality and sickness among seamen has Increased greatly, the chief ail ments being rheumatism, pneumonia, lumbago and pulmonary diseases, which have filled the workhoukes of Liverpool, London. Hull, Shields, New castle. Bristol. Southampton and oth er European ports with brokendown seamen. Many of these men get sick through lying in damp bunks under leaky decks. How a Great Charity Is Dispensed. It 1b asserted and with apparently grounds that the thousands of 'Xillaro collected on the big ocean Übers to aid the orphans and aged seamen benefit only a very small per centage of those in need. The sal aries of some officials of these chari ties in Liverpool are SIO,OOO a year, it is said. To get an orphan taken in re quires the backing of the local clergy man or magistrate to testify as to the respectability of the parents, and only Bailors who have led pious lives afloat and ashore can hope for pecuniary aid. There are few pious sailors, ac cording to custom house officials, and the majority, who love their rum and tobacco, are left high and dry on a lee shore in their declining days. The wages paid to sailors, even on mall boats like the Mauretania, do not allow of much room for saving. They only amount to $22.50 a month, out of which $3 must be paid for uni form, cap, Jumper and trousers when they need renewing, which is often at sea. Firemen do not have to buy a uniform and get $27.50 a month. Lin ers not in the mall service pay only S2O a month, with an extra $1.26 to quartermasters and lookout men. This applies to Liverpool, Southampton and London, but in some British ports — Cardiff is one—the wages for able sea men are only sls a month. The day a •hip arrives in the home port wages cease and the seamen are off pay until they sign on another ship. To keep the fireman satisfied a limited number aiw kept working on the ship all the time she Is at home, unless the vessel is out of commission. The pay of sea men on ships belonging to other na tions, except the United States, is lower than the British ships. Cause of Recent Strike. To remedy these conditions seamen struck for a minimum rate of wages at all ports and a board of arbitration to which they can appeal against the Ship Owners’ federation, which is the trust the humble mariner now has to fight singlehanded. Owing to the poor pay and generally uncomfortable surroundings, it is said, the class of seamen has deteriorated, officers as well as men. Modern education has caused even sailors to think and per ceive that there is no future in a sea faring career except to rise to the rank of bo’sun, which pays S3O to S4O per month, and their number is lim ited. The only successful strike in the mercantile marine was that by the officers of the British India company, in the East Indian coastal service, who struck 15 years ago and tied up every steamship from the Persian gulf round to Shanghai. The vessels re mained in port for days, costing the company thousands of dollars, until the officers’ pay was Increased 30 per cent, and their demands were granted. During that time the strikers were en tertained and assisted by wealthy res idents at various ports and by pas sengers who had to wait in hotels to go on the ships. Officers of Atlantic liners are dis satisfied also with their pay. and be cause of lack of recognition by officers of the company until they attain a commander’s rank. It is said that di rectors of the biggest steamship lines out of Liverpool will ignore the chief officers standing at the gangway and shake hands with the chief steward standing beside him. Old fashioned skippers have it in their power, ow ing to the confidential report system in vogue, to ma* the career of any junior officer, who may never know what has kept him back. Pay of Steamship Officers. The pay of the officers on the big liners ranges from $35 for juniors to SIOO for chief officers on the biggest mail steamers. Out of this their uni form, gold lace and badges must be paid, and, with washing added, the junior officers has little left at the end of a three weeks’ voyage. When officers are unattached, which hap pens not infrequently, they are put on half pay. In the last five years many officers, some of whom have attained the rank of first officer, have left the Atlantic liners to take positions ashore in the United States, and others now in service are on the alert to get a start in any business that holds out some hope for the future to avoid spending the rest of their lives at sea. The average pay for captains of the fastest and largest mail steamships In the Atlantic trade ranges from $4,000 to $4,600 a year. An exception is Commodore E. C. Smith of the White Star liner Olympic, whose pay has been Increased to $6,000, It Is said, to mark the advent of the biggest liner of the mercantile marine into the service. These men have in their charge vessels valued, with freight, at $8,000,000 to $9,000,000, in addition to 3,000 lives on board. Risks the Captains Run. Although a captain may be in com mand for 20 years without an acci dent. an error in judgment, even when not entirely his own fault, may cost him his position and end his career at sea. Most of the big lines have a hard and fast rule that commanders who meet wltl accidents must resign. The underwit JjpMso keep the record of captains ana even when the com pany might feel inclined to give an old and tried employe another chance the underwriters will decline to take the risk of the ship, except at very high rates. The employment of Chinese and Japanese crews on British vessels has increased very rapidly In the last ten years because it has become mors difficult each year to get European sailors of the standard that went to sea a quarter of a century ago. The opinion of experienced captains or to day Is that the scarcity of officers and men will continue to Increase unless some improvement Is made in the pay and conditions afloat in the mercantile marina WESTERN MINING NEWS IN BRIEF Western Newspaper Union News Service. THE TREND OF METAL PRICES. Silver 51% Lead 4.45©4.55 Copper 12.37 Mj @ 12.50 Spelter 4.60 Colorado. The Old Gold mine at Cripple Creek has produced to date $368,034 gross. The Jerry Johnson mine at Cripple Creek produced twenty-seven cars of ore during July. Many mines at Cripple Creek are troubled with the great flow of water into their workings. The St. Thomas shaft on the north and east slopes of Bacon Hill, in Crip ple Creek district, will be started up soon. Messenger & Co., leasing on the East Griffith property at Georgetown, have struck a ten-inch streak of lead zinc ore. The San Antonio mine at Ouray, with a force of twenty men, is making good progress. No ore is being shipped. Ore has been found at the head of Dexter creek in the Ouray district, that assays as high as $35 a ton in gold and silver. The St. Paul Mining, Milling & In vestment Company, at Cripple Creek, who hold a three year lease on the Jef ferson, began operation August Ist. Plans are gradually rounding into form for the construction of a low grade mill by the Elkton Consolidated Gold Mining Company, at Cripple Creek. Shipments are now regular from the Joe Dandy property on Raven Hill at Cripple Creek, and the ore that leaves the mine is returning close to S2O a ton. Leasers on level B at the East Grif fith mine at Georgetown, have opened a streak of galena from ten to four teen inches wide. The returns show sls to the ton in silver and lead. A strike has recently been made in the lower workings of the Mabel M. Shaft of the Gold Dollar property on Bacon Hill, Cripple Creek, which is averaging better than SBO a ton. A car of ore expected to return in the neighborhood of $25 to the ton has been shipped from the Dahlgren & pall lease on the Last Dollar prop erty at Cripple Creek. They are work ing at a depth of 100 feet. A body of smelting ore two feet wide has been uncovered on the third level of the Tenth Legion mine at Georgetown, that returns values from 3.50 to 4 ounces gold to the ton. There Is also showing four feet of mill dirt that is worth In the crude sls a ton. The shipments of coal from the mines at Oak creek are making con stant increases. There are now leav ing these mines over 800 cars a month. The increased production is due to the fact that during the present year con siderable development work has been done. Two of the richests strikes in the history of Boulder county have re cently been made at Springdale in the Earl vein at the Rip Van Dam mine. At the Earl an eight foot vein of S9O ore has been found and $2,000 was the showing for 136 pounds of ore dis covered in the Rip Van Dam mine. An important strike has been made on the Jerry Johnson property at Crip ple Creek. The discovery is at a depth of 110 feet, where the vein exposed measures better than twelve feet be tween walls and carries values from sl9 to S4O in gold to the ton. The strike is upon the extension of an old vein. The ore body of the Capital mine, in the upper Clear Creek district, runs from eighteen inches to two feet wide and shipments that have been made return better than SIOO a ton in gold and silver. The leasers on this prop erty have been realizing $3,000 a month net for a period of eight months. A contract has been let for the in stallation of a Reed electric smelter at the Royal Flush mine at Hahn’s Peak. This will be the first one for the state of Colorado. At present it costs sl2 per ton to get the Royal Flush ore to Denver. With the new equipment the railroad transportation charges will be elimated and the ore can be smelted for $1.92 per ton. New Mexico. Good mill ore is being mined at the Socorro, Mogollon. One thousand tons per week are being handled. Eight thousand two hundred and thir teen troy ounces of gold and silver bul lion was the result of the recent clean up at the Ernestine mine at Mogollon. Ore treated during the week was 700 tons. The last bullion cleanup at the Deadwood mines at Mogollon amount ed to 5,200 troy ounces gold and sil ver. The past week 420 tons of ore were treated, with twenty-five sacks of concentrates. The Treasure mine at Mogollon, ow ing to the recent heavy rains, is being operated at full capacity again. Work is being pushed. Better than fifty tons dally are being hauled to the mill and being treated. WORLD’S BIGGEST OIL WELL Great Mexican Gusher le Btill Thow- Ing Out 125,000 Barrels of Oil Each Day. Mexico City, Mex. —With the gate valve holding in at least 300 pounds pressure the great oil well In the Po trero del Llano field in Mexico Is still doing regularly more than 125,000 bar bels of oil per day. It Is one of the wonders of the world. It is by far the biggest producing oil well ever drilled and is so admitted to be by all oil men who have witnessed Its performances. The output of oil during the first 92 days the flow was struck was more than 12,000.000 barrels. This la a World's Greatest Gusher. conservative estimate. In view of the fact that several million barrels flowed into the Buena Vista river and thence to the Tuxpam river and out to sea. going to waste In this manner, an accurate estimate of the total out put cannot be given. But that this big estimate Is not far wrong is shown by the fact that approximately 8,000,- 000 barrels of oil from this well have been saved and are now in storage. One earthen reservoir covers more than 45 acres of ground and Is more than 30 feet deep In the central por tion. It now contains 5,000,000 bar rels of oil. Other smaller reservoirs are full of the product and an army of men are kept constantly at work con structing additional storage places for the unremitting flow. The market value of the crude oil at the well is $1 Mexican money or 50 cents gold per barrel. The value of the dally output is therefore more than $60,000 gold or nearly $2,000,000 per month. Even at the present rate of flow it is found Impossible to save all of the oil, and many thousands of dollars worth of It goes to waste each day. BEE STING FOR RHEUMATISM Hoosier Farmhand Sufferer Tries He roic Treatment and Says It’s Great. Owensville, Ind. —That bee stings have healing and curative qualities is vouched for by James Cross, a farm hand who suffered with rheumatism In the toes of one foot. He was told that a bee’s javelin would chase away the rheumatic pains and he tried it. He captured twenty-five bees, put them in a tight paper box. cut an inch slit in one end. through which he poked his toes, and waited patiently for something to happen. When the imprisoned and thorough ly angered bees saw five human toes in front of them something happened very quickly. Stingers dashed at the toes in great haste. Cross made ugly faces and writhed but stayed with the game. At the end of two minutes the bee battery had exhausted its ammuni tion, but when Cross attempted to pull his toes out of the box he found they had swollen to three times their nat ural size. The slit in the box was far too small and he was forced to cut the box to pieces before he could release himseir. • Did the remedy cure the rheuma tism?” he was asked. "Well, I can now do the Isadore Dun can toe dance to a queen’s taste, as oil signs of rheumatis pains in my toes have disappeared,” he replied. Law O. K.’s Press Camera. Newport, R. I.—A newspaper photo grapher has a right to take a picture of anyone in a public street, accord ing to a decision by Judge Stearns in the Superior court. The Judge in structed a jury to return a verdict of S4OO in favor of a Boston newspaper photographer who had alleged assault and personal injury against Harry P. Walker while the photographer was taking pictures of a Newport society wedding. Fowl Fatten on Locusts. Hazleton. Pa.—Farmer! of the sur rounding valleys have learned that the 17-year locusts are not such a pest as they feared they would be. The lo custs are good food for the chickens, which devour them with avidity, and aeem to be getting fat on tneir new rations LATE MARKET QUOTATIONS Western Newspaper Union News Service. DENVER MARKETS. Cattle. Beef steers, good to choice. .5.00(05.75 Beef steers, fair to good... .4.50(8)5.00 Heifers, prime 5.00(06.50 Cows and heifers good to choice email@example.com Cows and heifers, fair to good 3.75(0)4.25 Stock cows and heifers ....2.00(0)3.75 Canuers and cutters 1.50(03.25 Veal calves 4.00(07.00 Bulls 2.75(03.75 Stags 4.00(05.00 Feeders and stockers, good to choice 3.75(04.25 Feeders and stockers, fair to good 3.25(04.00 Feeders and stockers, com mon to fair 2.75(03.25 Hogs. Good hogs G.8O(06.96 Sheep. Lambs, good to choice 6.75(07.25 1 jambs, fair to good 6.25(00.75 Feeder lambs 4.65(05.15 Yearlings, fair to choice ...4.50(05.00 Yearlings, feeders 3.35(03.85 Wethers, fair to choice ... .3.90(04.30 Wethers, feeders 2.85(03.40 Ewes, fair to choice 2.75(03.85 Ewes, feeders and culls 1.50(02.76 Hay. Colorado upland, per ton. .16.00(017.00 Nebraska upland, per ton. .15.00(016.00 Second bottom, Colorado and Nebraska, per ton .13.00(014.00 Timothy, per ton 14.50(015.50 Alfalfa, per ton 11.50(012.00 South Park, choice, per ton 19.00(020.00 ban Luis Valley, per ton. .13.00(014.00 Gunnison Valley, per ton. .14.00(015.00 Straw, per ton 4.00(0 5.00 Grain. Wheat, choice milling per 100 lbs 1.30 Rye, Colo., bulk, 100 lbs 1.15 Nebraska oats, sacked 1.53 Corn in sack 1.34 Corn chop, sacked 1.35 Bran, Colo., per 100 lbs 1.25 Dressed Poultry. Turkeys, fancy, D. P 17 ©19 Turkeys, choice 15 ©16 Turkeys, medium 12 ©13 Hens, large 11 @12 Hens, small 10 @11 Broilers, lb 18 @20 Ducks 13 @14 Geese 7 @8 Roosters 6 Live Poultry. Hens 10tt Broilers, lb 15 @16 Roosters 5 Dycks 11 @12 Turkeys, lb 17 @18 Geese 6 Butter. Elgin 26 Creameries, ex. east, lb.... 27 Creameries, ex. Colo., !b 27 Creameries, 2d grade, lb... 23 Process 23 Packing stock 18Vf* Eggs. Eggs, case count, case ...$4.50 MISCELLANEOUS MARKETS. Flax. Duluth —Flax to arrive, $2.00; July, $2.10 asked; September, $2.00 asked; October, $1.94 asked. St. Louis Wool. St. Louis. —Wool, slow; medium grades, combing and clothing, 18(0 2UM*c; light fine, 17© 19c; heavy fine, 14@15c; tub washed, 25@30c. Money. New York —Money on call, steady, 2%<02% per cent; ruling rate, 2% per cent; offered at 2M> per cent. Time loans, firmer; 60 days, 2%@2% per cent; 90 days, per cent; six months, 3% @3% per cent. Eastern Live Stock. Chicago—Cattle—Market generally steady; beeves, $firstname.lastname@example.org; Texas steers, $email@example.com; Western steers, $firstname.lastname@example.org; stockers and feeders, $3.00(05.35; cows and heifers, $2.10(0 5.85; calves, $5.50©7.75. Hogs—Market 5c higher; light, $6.85(0 7.50; mixed, $6.75(07.40; heavy, $email@example.com; rough, $firstname.lastname@example.org; good to choice heavy, $email@example.com; pigs, $5.50©7.15; bulk of sales, $6.95(07.25. Sheep—Market weak; natives, $2.50 ©4.10; Westerns, $firstname.lastname@example.org; year lings, $email@example.com; lambs, natives, $firstname.lastname@example.org; Westerns, $4.50(07.00. Metals in New York. New York —Standard copper, quiet; spot, July, August, September and Oc tober, $email@example.com. Lake copper, $12.75(013.00; electrolytic, $12.62Vfc@ 12.75; casting, $12.37(012.50. Tiu —Quiet; spot, $41.25(041.50; July $41.00(041.40; August, $firstname.lastname@example.org; September, $40.90(0 41.50; October, $40.S5© 41.50. Lead — Steady; spot, $4.45(04.60, New York. Antimony—Cookson’s, $8.50. Iron —Locally iron is steady; No. 1 foundry northern, $email@example.com; No. 2, $14.75(015.00; No. 1 foundry southern and No. 1 foundry southern soft, $14.75 ©15.25. Eastern Produce. Chicago — Butter — Steady; cream eries, 20@25c; dairies, 18@22c. Eggs—Steady; at mark cases In cluded, 6 (013c; firsts, 15Vfcc; prime firsts, 17c. Cheese —Steady; daisies, twins, llVfc© 12c; Ybung Americas. 13 Long Horns, 13%<013V&c. Potatoes —Easy; choice to fancy, $1.40(01.45. Poultry — Steady; turkeys, 12c; fowls, springs, 14c. Veal— Steady; 50-60 lbs.. 8(09c; 60 85 lbs.. 9V4(S10%c: 85-110 lbs.. 11c. Lost In Practice. “She Is a woman with a very strong ralnd.” “Not as strong as It was.” “How do you know?’’ "Just heard her giving her husband a piece of It.” He Knew. “The Malays have a queer marriftg# custom,” remarked the traveler. “Th# groom holds his nose against a small cylindrical object. I couldn’t quit# make out what It was” — "A grindstone, probably,’’ interposed Mr. Grouch. The Ideal Combination. Baker —Is their restaurant well pat* ronized? Barker—Oh, yes! They have meals with their music. Alternatives. “There’s a belief that summer girls are always fickle.” "Yes, 1 got engaged on that theory, but it looks as if I’m in for a wedding or a breach of promise suit." Stung. First Fan—lt was a ten-inning game, wasn’t it? Second Fan —Can’t say. It was only a one-inning game for me, as a wom an with a spring hat sat down in front of me at the beginning of the second inning. One Advantage. “So you have adopted a baby to raise?” we ask of our friend. “Well, it may turn out all right, but don’t you think you are taking chances?” “Not a chance,” he answers. “No mater how many bad habits the child may develop, my wife can’t say he in herits any of them from my side of the house.” Some Feeling. One day small Tommy was given a piece of fish for his dinner. “What kind of fish is this?” he asked. “Shad,” replied his mother. "Well,” said Tommy, “a shad must be pretty sure of anything it feels in its bones.” And Spreads Rapidly. “I’ve given up telling my wife any thing.’’ “So have I mine. It simply goes Ip at one ear and out at the other.” “That isn’t the trouble with my wife. It goes in at one ear and comes out at her mouth. The Worst of It. Merchant—lt seems to me that you ask high wages considering that you have had no experience in this busi ness. Clerk—Ah, but you forget that that’s just what makes It all the hard er for me. Quotations of History. With extreme reluctance Hercules had put on women’s garments and was spinning wool. "Look at me!” he exclaimed bitterly, “Ain’t I a lovely thing to be courting a Queen of Lydia!” Worse than that, he suspected the wool of being three-fourths cotton. A Good Carriage. “Ma, I didn’t know tne Swift's kept horses.” “They don’t. What made you think so?” I heard pa telling a man that Mrs. Swift has the finest carriage of any woman he knows.” Not the Same. “Do you believe a fish diet Is cal culated to strengthen the brain?” asked the innocent youth. “Can’t say that I do." replied the wise guy, “but I believe that going fishing invigorates the imagination.” Pointed Paragraphs. The man who kills time wastes am munition. Make friends, but don’t expect your friends to make you. It’s a pity a jealous woman is un able to keep the lid on. A man seldom enj«*vs doing a thing unless he doesn't have to do it. Poor old Adam! There were no tonsorial artists or safety razors in his day. HOMESEEKERS EXCURSION RATES TO TEXAS AND NEW MEXICO POINTS DUR ING 1911. On the first and third Tuesdays of each month during the entire year The Colorado and Southern Rail way will sell round trip homeseekers* excursion tickets to a great many points in New Mexico and Texas at greatly reduced Final limit 25 days allowing liberal stop-over privileges. For detailed information, rates, etc., call on your nearest Colo rado and Southern agent or address T. E. Fisher. General Passenger Agent, Denver, Colo. DENVER DIRECTORY DPJJ I I nnif Dealer In all kind* of MKIt- Dl/n I. LUUA Cl! A NPISK. Mammoth '•at*. In* mailed free I’nr Kith Sr Blake. Denver. ACQAVQ reliable : prompt HOOHIO ssM» ! , Wrt«fc and Copper. $1.50. Gold and Silver refined and bouKht. Write for free mailing Hacks. Ogden Assay Co.. 1711 Tremont Strv.t. Denver noil lived Hound-Trip Sl'.M.lIKIi YOUII IST FAUES to th© PACIFIC COAST via Th© Denver A Klo Grande Hnllrnnrf "The Scenic Line of the World." #5O from nil mitlii line polnta In Colo rado to Pacific Conn! deatlnntlona. Tickets on sale daily to September 30. 1911. Final return limit October 31. 1811. Standard and Tourist Pullman Sleeping Cars are operated daily through to San Francisco and Los Angeles without change. Through electric-lighted train con sisting of steel coach. Pullman and Tourist Sleeping Cars Is operated dally Denver to San Francisco via Salt I.ake Cit v and THE WESTERN PACIFIC RAILWAY without change of cars. For Information regarding train ser vice. reservations, etc., call on local Rt# Grande Agent or address Pr*ak A. Wadlelgh, General Passsnger Agent, Dsnver, Colorado.