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war in A fried indicate that the British are held by the Boers in front of Lad ysw ifh with true Dutch Determination. VOLUME IV. What Outsiders Think of North Park As a Stock Country. Mr. H. A. Crafto, in a well-written letter to the Breeder's Gazette- of Chicago, November -189 D, gives a very good-description of the parks of 'Colorado! After giving their area, 'altitude, etc., ho speaks of pur North park as follows: i North park probably furnishes the best example of cattle-raising. It is situated in the most northern part of \ dhe State and about contrail yas re gards longitude. It is oblong in shupe, and- sixty miles long and forty miles wide in its widest,part. It is almost entirely surrounded by lofty snow-capped mountain ranges, The great continental divido itself bounds it on the south and west; while the Medicine Bow* range forms an eastern and northern*enclosure/ It can be entered only through narrow passes, unless one scales the alpine koine of which rise to an altitude of 15,000 feet above sea level. Deeply is it'burled in the midst of a iriighty hinge, anil no railroad yet reaches Within a hundred'miles' of it. Pro visions for its 2,500 inhabitants are Ml hauled in upon hbuvy freight wagons, over rugged' lnmAitain*roads, aud the mails are carried by stage lix times a‘week. During the winter the passes di-ift deeply With snow, And occassionally as Was the case last winter/ the roads bdciluic impassible for da} •s together and the paVk is cut off from the outer world by insur hioimthble barriers. But now a'tele phone cdiupaily is aboii't to extend its line into the park, so that in the fu ture cbnmninieation will not he com pletely cut off provided no accident happens to the lelephbuo lines. Bui Ml the numerous homes throughout the park have heeu made comfortable and are well supplied with provisions, so that there, is little chance for suf fering no matter how severe the leather may bo. The surrounding mountain slopes contain some of the finest bodies of timber in the State, and numerous saw-mills are located in the gulches, from which any amount of good building material may be obtained. And during the autumn after the beef crop litis been disposed of, the ranchers take their big wagons and repair to the nearest and best market and load up with enough supplies to’ last through the printer. Aud besides there is one small town in the park, with a few fjores, lyhieh may he resorted to in cases of emergency. [He must mean gulden. And we have* a newspaper, too, Mr. Crafts. Come back next summer and we’ll show you one of jhe livliest towns in the state.—Ed. North park is extremely well wat ered. The North Rlattc river has its pise in the south end and flows nprth- : Ward through the park for its entire length. Leading down to this larger are numerous creeks, which have their rise in the surrounding fountain ranges and ure continuous ly fed by the springs, the rains and pelting snow and ice of the higher peaks. Thpse streams are peopled with an abundant supply of mountain trout, which not ouly furnish food for the people of the park, hut food and sport for the summer tourists, who come in by the score with their camp wagons and other paraphernalia. But best of all these streams furnish tin ample supply of water for irriga tion purposes, and hundreds of miles pf ditches have been taken Put and large areas of both bottom and table jauds are watered and made to pro duce abundant crops of hay. The bottom lands produce wild grasses principally, but line timothy and clo ver are grown on the irrigated up lands. The bed of the park, ii must lie understood, is uomoQscd of rolling prairie land, rather more broken than that of the plains, with hero and there an oval shaped mountain. These lands were originally covered with buffalo and gramma ami other grasses native to Colorado, besides largo areas of sage brush or ‘ -grease wood,” as it is known among the cattlemen. [No, it is sago brush. Grease wood, is quite a different article. A “tender foot” is apt to gel things mixed a little up here in this high altitude.— Kd.] The ground upon which this grease wood grows lias been found to b® Well adapted to the culture of tim NORTH PARK UNION. A LOCAL JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OP THE WORTH PARK ' 4 othy and others of tlitr tame grasses. The ground beneath the bushes has beau enriched by the decay of fallen leaves and sprigs during a great many years, aiid the soil has been loosened up by the growth of the bushes, so the ranchmen grub out these bushes, burn them off, ■ and then seed the ground to grass by simply giving it a good harrowing. Tbo hay produced iu North park is particularly nutrfr tious, and as gootl beef can be made from it as from Nebraska corn. In fact the beef produced in the North park, when taken either from the rauge or feeding corrals, is ready for tho block, and is shipped to the slaughter-houses without supplement ary feeding. North park is a most desirable stock range in more than one respect. The mountain * ranges that-surround it Oct as a barrier be yond which the - cr.ttle seldom if ever stra}*. It is estimated that 100,000 head of neat cattle are kept iu the park constantly, but so continuous are tho surrounding ranges of moun tains that it only requires the services of some tcu cowboys to keep them from straying, it only being necessary, to guard the passes. Above the lower grassy slopes of tho hills is a belt of dense pine uud spruce timber, much of it growing so thickly that it is with difficulty that a mounted man can make Ins way between the trees. Miich fallen timber is also encount ered in these forests, so that cattle do not care to stray into them to any considerable distance and leave the good feed cf their pastures behind. But even should the’cattle push their way through tho limber they would next encounter tho steep, rocky and barren mountain sides, and after ward the peaks capped with snow both summer and winter. So the North park cattlemen,' when they have once placed guards at all the posses, rest assured that their herds arc safe from wandering beyond the surrounding mountain ranges. There are u few very large ranches in North park. Swift & Cat.. tho Chi cago packers, running a herd of some thing like 10,000 head; but the ma jority of the stockmen run moderately sized herds, while some ot the rauehmen merely cut their hay, which they sell to'thoso keeping cattle. The ranches as a geueral thing front ou some stream and the ranges stretch back to the hills. After the weather becomes severe in the winter tho cat tle are lc( in the hnyfields to graze and have access to sheds ancj corrals near the ranchman’s home. There is plenty of timber near at hand with which to build comfortable shed 9, and mauy are built, but there are thick groves of willows growing along the borders of the streams which af- > ford fair shelter for the cattiq faring stormy weather. The snow hecom ing too deep for the cattle to -rustle” < their feed, the haystacks, are drawn i upon, the hay bejng hauled out from i the stacks and fed from racks. Un der such enro the cattle conic through i the winter in fine shape. The semi annual round-up still prevails in < North park, a condition necessary < from the fact that there is such a large expanse of common range. The calves are branded at the spring round-up and the beef gathered at the ' fall round*up, which begins in Au- , gu9t. The beef creatures are trailed overland to the nearest railroad point, the majority of the shipping being done from Laramie City, Wyo. The North park beef is always of first class, as the prevailing climate and conditions seem favorable for the de velopment of a perfect animal. The dry, cool atmosphere, nutritious feed, pure water and plenty of shade in the summer are points that go to make up an almost ideal stoek-growiug section. Tho herds are almost abso lutely free from disease and there nTe no conditions to prevent their full development of bone and brawn, while the grasses readily produce fat. Kstes park, from which wo tako our illustrations, is smaller in area, but about the same natural conditions prevail there as are to be observed in North park. From the Southwestern portion of Estes park rises Long’s Peak, one of the giants of the Hocky Mountain range. Its summit rises to nearly 15,000 feet above sea level and is a great point lor tourists, who make frequent ascents during the Walden, Larimer County, Colorado, Friday, January 26, 1300 summer months. Tot stock ranchec i may found qndpr its very brow l and horses, which are more venture some mountain climbers than cattle, 1 inay frequently he met with almost to i the very summits of tho highest , peaks, cropping tho scant herbage : from the boulder fields and yolcanic ; beds which in certain plaeos prevail. I One o! our illustrations shows a • group of mountain plirabers, both • human and equine, near tho summit i of Long’s Peak, the l>old precipices i and banks of snow beiug plainly iu • view in tho background. The stock- : • tpen of the Rocky Mountains arc as 5 a general thing a prosperous and con tented class and their lot in many re . spects is to be envied. [This lotter i was accompanied by two beautiful i views of Estes park which wo would - be glad to reproduce, but at present • we cannot. Our readers can look out for some ■ interesting cuts, however, • during'the spring and summer.—Ed. The People Sympathize, But The Goverment Does Not. . ________ » On Jan. 21 at tho Grand Opera house the largest auditorium in Wash i ingtou City, a notable gathering of Boer Sympathizers wes held. 1 It was addressed by Senator Mason of Illi nois, Allen of of Nebraska, Congress man Bailey of Texas and Clark of Missouri and Do Armond, Cochrane, Rhea Lentz aud Van Slelen and others, all of whom expressed stroug sympa thy for the Boers in their light for their homes against great Odds. The house was packed to the doors, and at the conclusion of the meeting the following ringing resolutions were adopted. “Whereas, the American people still cherish the lessons aud memories? of 17TC, and therefore fully understand aud realize the rapacious war which Great Britain is waging against a small, lmt pat'rotic (x'oplc. who*o mis fortune is the possesion of natural wealth coveted by British greed. -Whereas, In the prosecution of this cobber warfare, Great Britain has ha 9 been balked as yet. of her tyran nous designs, and lsa9, therefore, re sorted to unlawful and barborus war tactics, as is her wont, to wit: “I.l’be arming and mobilizing of savages. “2 The distribution of dum-dum bullets to her soldiery, coupled with the boast that the British government posses 100,000,000 such bullets. “3 Tho illegal seizure of peaceful merchandise on roißc from the neutral ports of the UnitetJ States to friendly Portuguese markets. “Whereas Jig president of the Uni ted states has not taken proper no- , tice of these outrages, making it nee- j essary for the people at large to ex- j press their will through public ’ assemblages, and serious warnings therefore, the citizens of the Ameri can capital , in mass meeting assem bled, have ! “Resolved. That the peoplq of 1 the Orange Free States and the South \ African republic are and of light j ought to be independent, and their , civilization is recognized to be equal morally to that of any other people, j the false witness of tfie British press . to the contrary notwithstanding. , Therefore the precipitation upon them of savage foes in alliance with trained soldiery threatens the repetition of the horrors qf Wyoming, Fort Darien and other events, bitterly pemom bered by the American people as ruth less instances ofßriti.sh perfidity and dishonor. The attention of the pres ident of the United States is respect fully directed to this feature, which is a notorius matter, of common repute throughout the world. “Resolved that this meeting, in concert with the American people throughtout the land, sends its sym pathy and good will and heartfelt encouragement to the Boers, and re minds thorn that as we triumphed against the same foe, so may they. “Resolved, that we beseech and stronuously urge tho president of the United Statos to exercise the preroga tive vested in him by tho peace con. ferencc lately arranged by the powers of the civilized world. We beg him to offer his good ollices as a mediator between the Roers and the British, for the deliverance of those unfor tunate Englishmen and their families, now being punished vicariously for ! the crimo of a brigand cabiil ot 'gold r grabbers and laqd-huugry conspipa - tors, qot one of whom is at the forc , front of the battle, > “Resolyed: That we solemnly pro : test against the shipinont of niuni s fcions of war from this country for i the use of Great Britain.” —Denver Republican. t ‘ Thus the “plain people” pf our i country manifest'their sorrow at tho ; death of a Republic ip Africa while i bur government secretly'if not openly i sympathizes with England in bridging about this doath. Shades of Jeffer i' son. Jackson and Lincolui What are , we coming to. County Commis sioner’s Proceedings. In the Fort Collins Courier of Jan, IS we find tno following items' of irn torcat to North park people. Jan. 5. bills as follows allowed. ROAD FUND. An itemized hill here follows, in which occurs. IV Bain, work in district 0 $179.00 W. M. Curry, “ “ “ u J 2.00 J. Gaither, “ “ “ “ 10.50 W. M. James, “ “ “ i‘ 27.00 James McGregor, “ if “ GO.OO Harry* Lairipman, “ ff “ 18.00 L. C. It'ammakcr, “ “ “ 3-1.00 .1. J. Simmons, “ “ “ ISO.OO R. Rector, “ « “ “ 30.00 Lee Whitaker,“ “ “ “ 78.00 CUas. Merrill, “ “ “ “ 81.00 David Jlendrickson, stringers 20.00 Norm Davis, repairs 14.50 Total $771.30 In district No. |U. W. G. Mellon, work $ 03.50 W. (>. Crospy, “ 13.00 11. C. ltambQWj “ 14.25 J. Hauswortli, work mol ‘V l ) 3.75 Gee. W. Clark, work 34.50 Orr&Lund “ 0.50 1 Total $135.50 At 12 m board adjourned sine die ' and the now board organized with the following named members present: John Hahn, Aaron Kitehol and J. 11. Sargisßou. On the motion of Mr. Kitehol, John llnhn was elected chairman to serve during the ensuing year, Board visiteij county jail and re ported same in good condition. Adjourned until Feb. 5, 1900. Kind Words That Others Say of Us. In a private letter Mr- F. W. Ott, founder of the North Park Union, extends good wishes to us as follows. Vour letter gives me the first in formation that you have control of, the Union. Permit me to congratu- j late vou and extend best wishes for ' your success. Yours very truly, i F. W. Ott. Fort Collins Express of Jan. 20: The North Park. Union ofiice had a lire aud came out with a new editor upd publisher all in one week. K. J. McCall urn is the new editor, A. B. and Jean McCallum proprietors, and the issue is one of the best looking ever sent out of that olfie. [Thanks Mr. Express, hut things are just a little mixed, especially our initials and we are also proprietor, A. B. and ! Jean being publishers. One is 17 j and the other 1 5 years old. IS KJJgI K. J. MaoCALLUM, MAN ACC a • CTaM gw\S Groceries, Dry Goods, General Ssgfi Ranch Supplies Always in £ tock. NORTH F> Aff/r PHARMACY. A Complete and Up-To-Date Line of Drugs and Patent Medicines. Carefully Compounded. P. W. FISCHER, PRGPRIEtbR, u Pen Paste and Scissors. Tho Cartoon iu Tfio Denver Sunday Times of the 21 on Profeesor Had ley’s Social Ostricism idea jn praev tice m Denver vi> certainly amusing. Many coiqefs will be seen during the twentieth century. 'J’fie most in teresting is Hailey's, las< soon in 1835. It is due in 1910 or 1911.—Ex. English aqronauts are getting ac eustoiqed to crossing the English channel in balloons, uud are doterrn iuiug important' matters in their flight,—Ex.'' It it now estimated by British finan ciers that tfie Boer tyar will cost $300,. 000,000. At the beginning of the war, a statement waa made that $50,000,- 000 would pay tbo bill.—Ex. Unco a brave man pulled two de cayed teeth from a jaw of a lion strapped to a table. The lion roared in a frightful manner, but afterward showed its gratitude to the surgeon iu mauy ways. A young hopeful sat in the window along time the other night during a thunder storm aud contemplated the scene with a wjso look ou his face. Then he turned to his mother aud said: “Mamina, the angels are scratching matchs on the sky. The three new battleships whose designs have lieeu accepted will cost $7,000,000 each and be able to cruise 7,000 miles with one coaling. No more powerful vessels were ever afloat, and this Is the standard Uncle Saui proposes to maintain.' Tho man who invented a perfect method for the cjilture of memory forgot his hat- The iqau who wrote a book instructing mankind how to five 100 years died at 88. The woman who wrote a book to prove that thorc is no death lias buried two husbands.—Christian Register. 2 1 carat gold is all gold; 22 carat gold has 22 parts of gold, 1 of silver and 1 of copper; 18 carat gold has 18 parts of pure gold and 3 parts each of silver and copper in its composi tion; 12 carat gold is liajf gold, the remainder being made up of 3f parts of silver and 8£ parts of copper. Stock and Other Ranch Notes. Eggs arc 12£ l’> cents in Denver. Joseph Davis qf Brush. Co o, has 500 tons of alfalfa for sale and tood facilities for feeding stock.—Denver Stockman. [That reminds us that duping last winter a large per cent of alfalfa was destroyed by tho severe weather. The Secretary qf Agricul ture in his annual report, ealjs atten tion to Turkestan alfalfa which can endure drowtli and stand hard freezing and s|ill make a crop. Let pur rauelmien secure some of the seed and give it a trial here jn the park. We ape making arrangements to have some of that seed put iu the hands or our ranchmen and we hope that they may give it u good trial. It grows well and yields abundantly. And if quco successfully introduced here it ought to be a splendid anxilli gry to our wild grasses —-Ed. | X Hear great roai | #At Mosmaq/s big store 1 j1 As the people come into buy. 2 ;| [ The clerks have no fun t s j [But are kept op the run, J j [ Their customers to suppl|r.l ! [For they keep 1 j j Groceries, Dry-Goods and! j j Clothing, I i. [ Hardware, Boots and Shoes, 1 j j In fact there is no thing $ I* That all people use 3 But what you *jan get.? Just give them a call X And learn of their pricey, ® For we know one and al| X Will see just how nice is S Their well filled store, You® Bet! I /is m ' - S 3. H. ei.mmcr, T)./M. Plummer. danger aod TraprUtora •( tkc /[j CF.CUT LIVELY, FEED AKD SALE STABLES. *n Si'Kciai. Attkxtio.N' r> Tii.\,i». yS l* k mid \(• >iii>t :iin T nit.* .S-'lx'i i <l. /[ FOUT COLLINS, - . . ' COLO. «u.-r v. giHHPfIK mm 1 & ll.utrzi:i., I'iioruiKTOits. jam HEADQ'JARTEiiS :: FC3 :: EYEftYpDY §|| A eonijiloto line of I n ported ami Domestic Wines, 931 Liqnurs anil Cigars, nhvijyg in stuck. tecl Walden, Colo. f§| J ESTATE OF_^_ j A. 3. PEABODY t ***** DEALER ll y ***** [ Staple - and - Fancy • Groceries. (I Flour, Grain and Feed i $ ‘ t Purity, Strength ami Quality found in all Our Goods. f Special attention given the outfitiug of Kanchmen. Give us | i n call—we will treat you right I J 207 SECOND ST., LARAMIE, WYO. | a J. Whitton & Co., WhltoFrwH, Lia4«a Street, 444 FORT COLUXS. COLORADO. (° Now is Your Time if You Have a Want in Men’s anti > Boys’ Clothing-. Fifteen per cent Reduction During i October on Overcoats, Usters and Men’s and Boys' J Heavy Suits. tsv rs» <£ Hats, Cups, and Gents' Furnishing Goods—A Stock in Perfect Touch with Fashionable 'Requirements, Style Assortment and Quali ties Are here—Every tiling but high price?. Bargain a that You ecu Appreciate at a glance. To pa 6« iib by would be in in-excusable in justice to your pocket l>ook. This isn't liecause we say bo, but be cause it is so. J. Whitton & Co., Fort Collins*-Goto. Kememher our term* of | Oniy 41-78 per year for I The I'.YIO.Y, if paid in 1 advance, will he urith i drawn in one. month and I thru it will hr $2 00. NUMBER 24.