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North Park union. (Walden, Larimer County, Colo.) 1896-19??, February 02, 1900, Image 2

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NORTH PARK UNION.
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY.
WALDEN. - - - COLORADO.
It would be a blessing if the whisky
trust trusted nobody.
Truth Is the grandest word In the
language, but few can discover It.
The fellow that kicks the most about
taxes Is the one who pays none at all.
All women are born equal—-but some
of them spoil It by marrying worthless
men.
You can never convince a man that
a luncheon can be as satisfying as a
dinner.
Michigan's fighting parson is now to
spar for charity. But he has not been
reported as turning the other cheek.
A Chicago woman dreamed of burg
lars and awoke to find them in her
room. In other words, it was "no
dream.**
A child feels that life Is worth liv
ing when It Is allowed to drive with
out some grown-up holding the reins
back of It. *.
Fashion has ordered womankind to
again wear high-heeled shoes. This
Is not the sole offense of the fussy old
dame, either.
If a woman has but one gray hair in
her head, it is going to show just at
the time when she is trying to im
press some one that she is younger
than she really is.
Judge Shiras of lowa has decided
that a married woman cannot be com
pelled to attend school. It is always
cheerful to learn of common sense be
ing used on the bench.
When one does discover a grateful
woman, she appears to be a veritable
rara avis, and is regarded as possess
ing an unusually fine character, where
as she only has the decency to be prop
erly appreciative.
Queen Victoria, It is said, is mani
festing deep interest in Mrs. Kruger,
and has asked many questions concern
ing "Oom Paul's" wife and her influ
ence with her shrewd but warlike
spouse. The South African bloodshed
may not be stopped through the good
offices of two aged, kindly and most
estimable women. Had the Transvaal
question been left to the queen and
Paul Kruger’s wife for decision in the
first place the present struggle might
have been averted.
According to perfectly reliable re
ports from the scat of war the Boers
are quarreling among themselves and
the British are suffering from typhoid
fever; the Kaffirs are rising against
the Boers and the Cape Dutch against
the British; 2,000 Boers were killed at
Modder river, this loss crushing the
spirits of the survivors, and 6,000 Brit
ish fell at Colenso. thus breaking tho
hearts of Buller’s army. Meanwhile
both Boer and Briton sit calmly In
their trenches and wonder why the fate
of Ananias does not overtake various
war correspondents of unlimited Imag
ination.
In 1813 Napoleon In order to In
crease the popularity of an issue of
5-franc pieces, announced that several
bonds redeemable at 6,000 francs each
had been inserted In coins of the issue.
Dispatches from Binghamton, N. Y.,
state that J. W. Hoban who opened a
saloon recently In Waverly, took a 5-
franc piece over the bar. Having read
of Napoleon’s announcement, and no
ticing the date on the coin, he opened
the latter and found a slip of paper
which, presented at a French bank
through the banking house of Roger
Ryan, was cashed for 811,600, the
amount of the bond with Interest to
data.
The Muncle High School of Muncle
lad.. Is self-governing and In control
of the students. The governing board
consists of a president, who must be
a student elected by popular vote, the
superintendent of public schools, the
principal of tho High School, a mem
ber of tbe school board, a woman mem
ber of the faculty and one member
chosen from each of the high school
grades. Five student vice-presidents
are the heads of as many departments.
All questions of government are
brought before the board, on which
students hold the controlling vote.
The regular studies and study hours,
except where they may conflict with
some department law, are controlled
by the teachers, as usual. A company
of uniformed High School cadets is
supported; tennis, football, basket-ball
and baseball teams are kept up and
>fleld day sports are directed. The as
sociation also keeps up a glee and
mandolin club and a dramatic club. A
dramatic club manager and property
roan are among the officers. The Aus
tralian ballot is used.
1—
* Representative Berry of Kentucky
wants the government to coin 3-cent
pieces with a round hole in the center
.one-quarter of an inch in diameter.
The Kentucky congressman has prob
ably had a 3-cent coin put off upon him
at some time for a dime and is taking
•precaution against the recurrence of
the act. Possibly, also, he may have
borrowed the idea from Chinese coins,-
In which the hole is so large and the
value of the metal so small thut a man !
would have to load himself down with
strings of cash in order to pay for a
dairy lunch.
England Is raising "a corps of gen
tlemen" for service in South Africa.
The invention of gunpowder and can
non Is said to have done away with the
distinction between a knight and a
yeoman, and there is reason to believe
that Maxims and Mausers also are not
respecters of persons.
If Andrew Jackson resembled the
old woodcut portraits which are regu
fcrtr resurrected on the Bth of Janu
ary It Is small wonder that neither
jllituu nor Indian could stand before
Ms awful countenance.
DOINGS AT DENVER.
Items of UtcrMt From the City m 4 tk«
State Capital.
Justice MulllUH has held Charles
Harrison to the District Court on the
charge of murdering Jacob Uhl. Uhl
was a patient at the county hospital,
and while deranged was severely lu
jured by Harrison who was a porter
at that institution.
Deputy Register O’Reilly of the state
land board, who is preparing a list of
delinquents who hold land uuder the
certificate of purchase plau, lias found
that the sum due to me stute Is $28.-
000. Not all the delinquencies have
yet been discovered. About 1,000 cer
tificates are yet to Ik* examined. W.
H. Lawrence, who purchased under
this plau section SO, township 3, range
68 west in 1880, Is behind SB,OOO in
payments. This represents a balance
of the purchase price, SIO,OOO, and In
terest at seven per cent. Money col
lected from the delinquents will go
Into tlie public school iiertunnent fund
and the Interest into the public school"
Income fund.
The state lias taken steps to prevent
the new Colorado Springs and Cripple
Creek district railway from entering a
railroad trust. In deciding Monday to
grant the road the right of way across
a sqhoool section In the Grassle dis
trict, the laud hoard voted to Insert
a provision providing if the company
shall ever Ik* directly or Indirectly con
solidated with or absorbed In uuy other
Hue or system in conflict with the state
constitution rcsjiectlng the combina
tion of parallel or competing lines
the right of way shall therewith re
vert to the state as though no right
of way hud ever lieen granted. Attor
ney {general Campbell originated this
anti-trust idea.
Chief Engineer Cowan of the Colo
rado Sc Southern, has returned from
an iusiHM-tion of the work on the Crip
ple Creek Short Line in South Platte
canon. He says thut the ground is so
frosty that the men are making slow
progress. He dues not think it practi
cable to do more tlum complete tin
working surveys ls*fore spring. The
survey is now complete for eight miles
up from South I'latte station, and so
far tho construction presents no very
great difficulties. Rhodes Bros, remain
confident flint they can prove in court
that the short line can Is* carried
around and alk>vo their reservoir site,
and to tills end have surveyors in tin
field running test lines.
A million acres of federal laud may
be added to the possessions of Ha
state without any cost to It. and with
the accompanying benefit that this vast
tract will Is* Irrigated and placed at
tin* disposal of small householders. The
land may is* secured uuder tin* Carey
net. which permits each state to ac
quire 1,000,000 acres of arid govern
ment land, merely by putting it under
irrigation. Tin* present administration
will not secure tin* whole million acres
before the close of the biennial period,
but it will moke a start. Tills policy
was made known when tin* State Land
Hoard granted tlie privilege to tin*
llenry improvement Company to
undertake tin* redemption and irriga
tion of Jt.tKM) or 10,000 acres in the vi
cinity of Im Junta. Tills action will
stand as a precedent upon which other
irrigation concerns may obtuin similar
grants. Tin* title to the land does not
go to the Irrigation eouipanies. but to
uetual settlers. If it should happen
in the course of a few year* that the
precedent established should result in
the Irrigating of the million acres
which can Ik* secured from tin* govern
ment under tin* Carey act, tin* state
would secure $500,000, as the Colorado
law says Hint laud secured under tlie
Carey act shall he sold for 50 cents an
acre. It further guards tin* small
’ landholder and tin* great middle class
of citizens by limiting tlie uiuount of
land to he allowed one person to 100
acres.
Tin* state lias been defeated in every
point iu the suit instituted aguiust Wil
lard L. Ames and other couuty asses
sors to coni|K*l them to Increase assess
ments five |K*r cent, and to equalize
values in accordance with the state
board’s orders. The Supreme Court
hnuded down a decision Wednesday
morning iu which the bench unani
mously agrees that the Hoard of Equal
Ization usuriKsl its flowers und went
entirely outside of its Jurisdiction In
making the recent changes Iu the coun
ty assessments. Tlie wru of nianduuius
against Ames and the other county
authorities is quashed and the costs
of tlie suit taxt*d up to tlie state. The
victory for the assessor is a sweeping
one. Governor Thonius Is much disap
pointed over the result of the case. In
commenting ou it he observed: "The
decision leaves the state board prac
tically fKiwerless as equalizers. All our
efforts to Improve the tinaucial condi
tion of the state are declared void. The
court says that our method in raising
assessments and equalizing are illegal,
hut prescribes a method that lias been
tried time aud Hint* again uud has been
found to Ik* impracticable. In fact, it
is absolutely impossible to carry such
an Idea Into effect ns the court recom
mends. This adverse decision does not
nec«*ssarlly mean nu extra session of
the legislature. There will be no extra
session If it can possibly Ik* avoided."
Tlie decision of tin* court takes $40,000
from tin* prospective income of tlie
state. The hoard increased tlie valua
tions from $203,000,000 to $213,000,000.
and a four-mill tax on the increase
would have brought a revenue of $40,-
000. The main points iu the decision
art* given in the following clause: "The
state lniard lias no authority to revise
tin* work of the county iKiurd; there
fore, it lias no power to equalize valua
tions between classes or kinds of prop
erty In the respective counties, for that
is a matter which the constitution con
fides to the county board. In order,
then, that the two hoards may work
harmoniously. Hie action of one not to
interfere with the other, und the au
thority of each, within its own proper
sphere 1m» supreme, it must necessarily
follow that tin* state board, in equaliz
ing and adjusting values, must deal
with the respective valuations as re
turned by tlu* county assessors ns en
tireties. by making such changes in
each county valuation as a whole, as
will relatively equalize the entire prop
erty values It. tlu* different counties, so
that the burden of supporting the state
government shall rest proportionately
upon each. In tlu* case at liar the state
hoard lias not adjust'd or equalized
property valuations in Arapahoe coun
ty iu the manner which the law con
templates. hut iu selecting different
classes and kinds of property, aud
raising or lowering their values, lias
usurped the functions of the county
board, and attempted to revise its ac
tion, in tills respect. In pursuing this
method, it hu» clearly transcended its
authority, undertaken to |H*rforin acts
which It had no power to do. and hav
ing but special and limited Jurisdiction,
as a board of equalization, all acts out
side of Its authority are void. The
state board cannot compel compliance
with orders which affirmatively appear
from its own proceedings are without
Its Jurisdiction and authority by tlie
law under which Jt assumed to act,
and Respondent Ames properly refused
to change the tax rolls as directed by
the board."
COLORADO NOTES.
A village Improvement society has
been organized at Trinidad.
The Methodists are about to establish
a deaconess home In Pueblo.
The El Paso <*ouuty poorhouae, locat
ed in a valley about three and one-hulf
miles southwest of Colorado Springs,
was truruud to the ground on the 20th.
The loss is total and amounts to be
tween SB,OOO and SIO,OOO. partially In
sured. The inmates were rescued iu
safety.
Jerry ltyuu. a Leadvllle barteude*-,
was shot ami iustautly killed by two
unkuowu hold-ups ut 2 o’clock Wed
nesday morning. There were three men
in the saloon when the masked rob
bers entered. Ryan was ordered to
hold up liis hands, but refused, when
one of tlie hold-ups siiot hint through
the heart. The murderers escaped.
Ryan was formerly a member of the
Colorado volunteer regiment.
Tlie ltidgway Populist says: It is
a burning slmmc that the burros
around town are many of them In a
state of starvation. If they are not
worth fading they at least should not
Ik* expect<*d to In* made beasts of bur
den as soon as tlie grass, which comes
out next June, puts some flesh on their
iKiiies. There is no dumb animal in
the universe that meets with as much
abuse and neglect as the burro of Colo
rado.
In compliance with the report of the
State Historical Society. Governor
Thomas has addressed letters to Sena
tors Teller aud Wolcott and Congress
men Shnfroth and Bell, the Colorado
representatives In the national Con
gress. Each of tlie four representatives
is personally requested by the govern
or. on iielmlf of tlu* society, to use ids
influence to secure legislation for tlie
preservation of tlie valuable cliff
dwellings In the Mancos cation in the
southwestern part of tlu* state.
Officers fit Silverton raided five Chi
nese opium Joiuts ou Blair street, cap
turing five Chinamen, seven pipes,
twenty pounds of opium and other ar
ticles used iu opium joints. The China
men were tried before Police Magis
trate Watson to-day and each lined
$25 and costs, officers are determined
to break up these joints, and other
raids will be made if they ure not
closed. Mail)’ empty cans which hud
contained opium were found iu the
rooms, showing that the Chinamen
hud numerous customers.
At tlie annual meeting of the Ora ml
Junction Fruit Growers* Association
a statement of tlu* condition of tlu* as
sociation for tlu- past year and tlu*
quullty of tlu* fruit grown ill the val
ley which tin* association had shipped
to other points was read by President
A. A. Miller. Manager Moore, in ids
annual report, stated that tlu* associa
tion handled 28.476 lioxes of fruit last
year, of which 2.584 boxes went out In
ear lots, tlu* remainder by express and
local freight shipments, showing an in
crease of nearly fifty per cent, on or
ders last year over the previous year.
The Colorado Fuel and Iron Com
pany is preparing to make an exhibit
ut Hu* Paris exposition which will cost
the company not less than $25,000.
Tlie exhibit will he the most costly
display ever attempted from the Rocky
mountain region, ami elaborate plans
are now In progress. Tin* intention is
to make a display of all tin* different
products of tlie steel plant at Pueblo
ami also to include samples of Hie
crude material. Samples of the diff
erent coals mined at tlu* numerous
mines of tlu* company will Ik* on ex
hibition ami it is proposed to omit
nothing that will add Interest to tlie
display.
Only seven men wont to work In the
Hidden Treasure inim* at Lake City,
Wednesday morning, and they were
mostly top men. Tlu* mine employed
nearly seventy men. of these over fif
ty are out. It is likely a few will go
hack, hut not many. Tlie men would
all go hack if Jack Evans was taken,
but the inauugemeut will not let him
return. He was siHikostuun for the inen
in their grievances uud was immedi
ately diseliargtsl. The trouble started
over emplov’ng foreigners. lielievcd to
Ik* Italians .ougli they claimed to be
Austrians. Since tlu* trouble here last
spring there lias been a strong preju
dice against Itallaus and all mines
which had employed them signed uu
agreement to do so no more.
The federal government, after a long
, discussion of tlu* matter, is iilmut to
go ahead with tlu* construction of large
reservoirs for the storing of water to
Ik* used liy occupants of tlu* Southern
Ute reservation. This question lias
been agitated for a long time and will
Ik* settled soon by tin* authorities. The
site to Ik* selected probably will be in
the Nuvajo ami Mancos cations. The
water supply will Ik* received from the
Mancos river. Surveys were made last
summer for tills work nud now the res
ilient government hydrograplier, A. L.
Fellows, lias been called ujioii to furn
ish the Department of Geological Sur
vey at the national capitul photographs
of the proposed sites to aid tho federal
authorities to decide Just which site
for the pro)toned reservoirs to select.
Other photographs are ls-lng sent ou to
Mr. Fellows, among them helug views
of tlu* various parts of Hu* Great Plains
reservoir system, representations of
ditch gauging aud many other views.
Some of them will iu* used for lantern
slides niul views for tlu* federal de
part nieiit.
State Engineer McCtine and Deputy
Register O’Reilly of tlu* State Land
Hoard have gone to Pttehlo, where they
will make tlu* necessary arrangements
at tlie federal land office for the with
drawal by tlu* federal authorities of
between 8,000 and 10,(NM> acres uuder
the Carey act. which will Im* irrigateil
by the Henry Improvement Company.
Tlie commencement of work uuder the
Carey act will he tin* starting jiolnt for
Improvements under this act which
may mean Hu* redemption of 1.000,000
acres of land now useless, and the re
sulting material advancement of the
interests of the state l>y many millions
of dollars. The water provided by the
extension of tlu* Otero canal will not
irrigate the lauds to Ik* secured under
the Carey act. Tlu* Horse creek reser
voir. on which work will soon l>e com
menced. will lie used to store water for
tlu* use of tlu* canal company entirely
separate from tlu* Henry Improvement
Company, and tlu* water used by the
Henry company will Ik* from the reser
voir of another concern. In other
words, because of complication in
water rights, as to priority, the Henry
concern and another compuny will
trade water. This is allowed under the
law. Mr. Henry refused to give the
name of the other party to tlie water
trade. The land to lie withdrawn by
Htate Engine, r McCtine at Pufeblo is
directly cast of La Junta, while the res
ervoir to Im* erected by tin* company is
ten miles north of La Junta. This res
ervoir will cost over SIOO,OOO. and with
the canal extension will involve an ex
penditure of more tbnn $150,000. whieli
amount. It is said, the First National
bank will guaratltee. The reservoir
will I>A put up at ’ Horse creek and
Adobe creek, which are tributary to tlie
Arkansas. The site selected Is in a
great natural hnsiu ou the plains,
which will Ik* filled by enlarging the
Holbrook canal.
WASHINGTON NEWS.
What Cooirm Is Dolag— Notes Prom thm
Whits HvttM mad thm Ooportmoots.
It is said that J. S. Clarkson will not
lie secratary of the Senate, there har
ing been serious objections made to
bis appointment by several senators,
which are based chiefly upon the
grouud that he has been and still is in
terested in legislation now pending iu
the Senate.
Representative Shafrotb said to-day
that there apepared some misunder
standing us to the provisions of the
arid land bill which he has Introduced,
of the passage of which he is so confi
dent. It does not provide for the ces
sion of all the arid lauds hut a loan of
1,000,000 acres to each state.
The secretary of war has returned to
the miiitury committee of the House,
w'lth a favorable indorsement, a hill
recently introduced by Mr. Moody of
Massachusetts, providing that the offi
cers of the army who have served iu
two wars with credit may lu» retired
with* the rank next higher than that
which they now hold.
Tin* House on Thursday passed the
Senate hill to extend tlio powers of the
director of the census, after strikiug
out the committee amendment to
authorize the director to contract for
extra printing with private contractors.
The whole tight was upon thut amend
ment. Tlie influence of tin* public
printer and the labor organizations of
the country were employed against it,
and after a lively debate of several
hours It was overwhelmingly defeated.
The publication of the reports of tlu*
twelfth census, therefore, will be made
by the public printer as in the past.
Tlie special committee of the House of
Represetatives to Investigate the case
of Hrighani 11. Roberts of Utah to-day
reached a final conclusion. On tlu* po
lygamous status of Mr. Roberts, tlu*
committee was unanimous, and agreed
upon a formal statement of the farts.
On the question of procedure to be
udopted the committee was divided.
The majority, consisting of all the
members except Littlefield of Maine
and DeArmoiul of Missouri, favored
exclusion at the outset. Messrs. Lit
tlefield aud DcArmoud will make* u
minority report favorable to the seat
ing of Mr. Roberts on ills primu facie
rights and then expelling him.
It h»« been decided by the Postofflcc
Department to permit the star route
system in u measure to supplement the
system of rural free delivery. Second
Assistant Postmaster General Shallen
berger has fouud that it is feasible to
permit carriers ou star routes to de
posit mail in projH»r receptacles placed
along their line of travel. Tills plan
will lie started in Soutli Carolina Im*-
ginniug July Ist. and will be extended
to other parts of«the country as rapidly
as possible. This innovation makes
necessary a. change iu the postal regu
lation which forbids mail contractors
and their drivers access to the mail
matter or to any mail locks or keys.
Attorney W. H. Harrison, who is
here representing the Denver Chamber
of Commerce, was heard before the In
terstate Commerce Commission Fri
day. He appeared in the case of KI ti
de! against tlu* railroads for violation
of the long and short haul clause in
Denver freight charges. Mr. Harrison
made an excellent presentation of the
arguments for the recognition of Deli
ver’s claim to fair treatment in trans
portation. Ill* was attentively listened
to by tlu* commissioners. Mr. Harri
son says that lie Is confident that tlu*
commissioners will give Denver tlu* re
lief sought.
There Is no disposition oil Hu* part of
the Navy Department to make any
change In tlu* program for new naval
construction on account of tlu* intro
duction of tin* German Dili looking to
the addition of forty-eight armored
whips to tlu* German navy. Attention
is called to the fact that there arc now
already authorized twenty-one ships
for the navy in addition to tin* fleet
afloat. Tills number Is as large as it
is believed Congress will authorize at
this time, and as tlu* German increase
is to he divided among eighteen years,
while ours is continuous to each Con
gress. It Is felt that tlu* Pulled States
navy Is in no datiger of losing the posi
tion it uow commands.
The ways aud means suh-committce
recently named to Inquire as to the le
gal nieuufug of the "United States" ns
applicable to newly acquired islands or
dependencies iu ii session are discuss
ing the general subject. The members
feel that tlu* question is a pivotal one, on
which will depend tlu* adoption of tar
iff systems for the Islands. Tlie only
decision directly bearing on tlie point
is by Chief Justice Marshall, holding
that the term "United States" means
the entire territory over which this
government exercises control. The
members of tho committee. Including
Mr. Ncwlniuls who started the inquiry,
are Inclined to view the foregoing opin
ion us a dictum Incidental to the case
and not establishing a fixed principle
of law.
The treasury officials say that favor
itism Ims not been shown in making de
posits of public money with national
hunks, for such deposits lmve never
been refused when bonds accompanied
it as security. They further say that
no complaint or criticism of tin* pres
ent system of depositing public funds
lias ever lieeu received from a bank
or a hanker or any other financial or
commercial association of any sort. be
cause they are familiar with tlu* meth
ods of tlie Treasury Department ami
approve them. Tlie only complaints
and criticisms have appeared in the
newspapers or lmve lieen made by pol
iticians for political effect. There are
now 380 hanks designated as deposi
tories of public moneys, and ou Satur
day last the amount intrusted to them
was $96,417,000. Of these nineteen are
in Illinois, thirteen iu Indiana, eight in
Michigan, eight In Wisconsin, twelve
in lowa, seven In Kansas, six in Ne
braska and twenty-three In Ohio.
The Grand Opera House, the largest
auditorium iu Washington, was packed
to tlu* doors Sunday night with an en
thusiastic audience that expressed its
sympathy with tin* Boers in their light
with Great Britain. The speakers in
cluded memlMTs of .both branches of
Congress, and on tin* stage were other
public men wlio came merely to add
tlieir moral support. Tlu* keynote of
the speeches was that tlu* Boers were
fighting for their independence as our
forefathers had done in 1776. Tlu*
gnthcriug assembled under tlie auspices
of the United Irish societies, and a
number of leading Germans of the city
joined iu tlu* movement. The decora
tions were American flags, with n fair
sprinkling of the green of Erin. Among
those who occupied seats on the stage
were Senators Mason of Illinois. Allen
of Nebraska and Tillman of South Car
olina; Representatives Clark, De Ar
mond and Cochran of Missouri; Bailey
of Texas, Carmack and Cox of Tennes
see, Ithen. Jones and Lamb of Ken
tucky; Shn froth of Colorado. Dovener
of West Virginia. Meyer of Louisiana,
Salzer of New York nud Lent of Ohio,
and Mr. Van Sicleit of New York and
representatives of the United Irish so
cieties and others. A large delegation of
Irlsb-Araerlcans and German-Ameri
cans from Baltimore were present.
A speech, sensational In Its Interest
and International in Its Importance,
was delivered In the Senate Friday by
Mr. Hale of Maine. The occasion ol
the utterances was the simple question
whether a resolution introduced by
Mr. Allen (Populist) of Nebraska, call
ing for Information as to the recog
nition by this couutry of diplomatk
representatlon of the Transvaal repub
lic should be directed to the President
or to the secretary of state. Mr. Hah
made the question the text of an im
passioned speech in which he declured
that nine-tenths of the American
people sympathized with the Boers in
thefr gallant struggle for liberty
ngninst one of the greatest powers In
the world. He declared that the war
which Great Britain is waging Is the
most fell blow at human liberty that
has been struck In the century. He
denied that the American people were
"In sympathy with Great Britain in
the South African war to stamp out
the liberty of the people,” and when
Mr. Balfour, in the House of (.'om
inous, made such a statement, "lie
should be met with some disclaimer
from this side of the Atlantic.” He
declared that the English people them
selves were not in favor of this war.
which "had l»een brought on by a
sharp Cabinet minister engaged with
gold speculators." Mr. Hale spoke
with unusual force, decisiveness
and earnestness, even for him. and his
passionate eloquence claimed the
closest attention of every auditor.
Senator Morgan, as chairman of the
Senate committee on Inter-oceanic ca
nals, has presented a written report
upon the Nicaragua canal bill. The re
jMirt says: "As a provision for the na
val and military defense of our coun
try, whether insular or continental,
this canal is indispensable, and the
closer its location is made to our states
on the Gulf of Mexico the more etli
eleut will be its protection to our
coasts on the Atlantic and Paclllc.
Pearl hurlior in Hawaii, and the har
bor of San .iuan In Puerto Rico are the
true military defenses of the canal
against attack by European or Asiatic
powers and they give a more secure
protection to its eastern ami western
outlets than any fortress, however
strong, that can be located at or near
its connection with tlie sea. Measured
by the income of the Suez canal, at a
corresponding cost, the Nicaragua ca
nal should yield, with equivalent rates
of tolls, at least twelve por cent, on
sl-40,000.000. It Is too severe a tax up
on credulity to ask the adoption of the
precarious water supply at Panama in
preference to the two grand lakes of
the Nicaragua Voute, one of which is
100 miles long by forty-live miles broad
and affords nearly seventy-live miles
of fresh water navigation for the lar
gest ships, as part of the canal route,
and together they supply more than ten
times the water needed to supply the
canal line from Lake Nicaragua to
both oceans. We owe it to ourselves
and to the whole world that whatever
canal we shall build and control on
the isthmus of Darien shall be as open,
free and neutral to all nations as its
corresponding gateway, tin* Suez ca
nal."
The sixteenth annual report of tin*
1 nltcd States Civil Service Commis
sion has been submitted to the Presi
dent. The report, while containing
much Information of value concerning
the operations of the commission dur
ing the year, deals with a number of
subjects of general public interest. The
remarks of the commission on tin* Im
portance of a merit system ill our
colonlel possessions: the need of mak
ing some disposition of superannuated
employes: tlie improvement shown in
the reduction of the percentage of re
movals throughout the service, result
ing from tin* requirements of the law
and the order of the President of July
27. IS!*7. looking to Its enforcement,
and the advantages to lie gained by
the of tin* force of the
library of Congress and the municipal
service of the District of Columbia, de
serve special attention at this time.
The report opens with a preliminary
statement in regard to the extent of
the classified and unclassified service,
from which it appears that there are
approximately 75.000 classified po
sitions and 107.000 unclassified po
sitions; id' the latter. 71.007 are occu
pied by fourth-class postmasters. There
are 10.440 positions in the executive
service in the District of Columbia,
and more than 1(12.000 distributed
among the states and territories. The
commission states that tin* expendi
tures for salaries for the entire service,
classified and unclassified, is approxi
mately $104,000,000 per annum, a large
Increase having resulted from the war
with Spain. The total number of ap
pointments made during the year on
cert I flea tea of the comuiinission was
0,050.
The correspondent of the Chicago
Record, who is a Republican, criticises
his party as follows: It looks as if all
the reciprocity treaties negotiated by
Mr. Kasson under the Dlngley bill
would be hung up by Congress as an Il
lustration of human selfishness and the
inconsistency of the Republican party.
I'lie platforms of the St. liouis conven
tion and other previous conventions in
fervent terms demand the application
of the principle of reciprocity to our
foreign commerce. The President's In
augural address and messages to Con
gress advocated it. The speeches of
the spell-binders throughout the last
campaign described the beauty and ad
vantages of reciprocity in trade, and
promised great results if the Repub
lican party were allowed to negotiate
treaties. The late Mr. Dlngley and his
colleagues of the committee of ways
anil means made a great demonstration
to deceive the public, and inserted what
they called a reciprocity clause In the
last tariff law. which was framed so
that it should be Inoperative, but Mr.
Kasson skillfully managed to make
something out of it and concluded ar
rangements with France and the Brit
ish colonies in America, while Mr.
Buchanan made an excellent treaty
with the Argentine Republic, which
gave sugar, wool, tobacco, fruit and
some other things from those countries
an advantage of twenty per cent, loss
than the ordinary duties Imposed upon
such merchandise. Although the en
tire trade of all the countries mention
ed is but a drop In the bucket when
compared with the total inqHirts of tin*
articles mentioned, every interest that
is affected remonstrates and demands
that the treaties be rejected. The wool
men of Ohio are perfectly willing that
we*shall have reciprocity on fruit and
tobacco, but they object to reciprocity
on wool. The tobacco growers of Con
necticut, like Arteinus Ward, are will-,
lug to sacritice all their first wife's re-;
lotions for the benefit of their country,
but their patriotism goes no farther.
The fruit growers of California are
strongly in favor of reciprocity on wool
and tobacco, but object to having any
in the treaty about fruit. The sugar
beet growers are afraid that "infant in
dustry” will suffer a reduction of twen
ty per cent, in the duty imposed upon
sugar Imported from the British colo
nies. The Democrats are not doing
tills. The opposition comes chiefly from
the Republicans, who are most enthu
siastic in favor of reciprocity, provided
the duties ou the articles produced in
their Btates are not reduced.
MURDERED A GUARD.
FOUR PRISONERS ESCAPE.
Captain Rooney Stabbed to the Heart and
Other Unardi AMaultod After Which
the Desperate Convict* Scale the Walls
of th* Penitentiary.
Denver, Jim. 23.—A special to the
News last night said:
At 10:30 to-night an emergency alarm
was given by tlu* guard at the west
gate of the jieuitentiary which faces
the warden's quarters.
Warden Hoyt rushed from the house
and hurried to ills office tiring Ids re
volver at every step. On reaching the
penitentiary he found the institution in
utter darkness, and tlu* Inside guard
and occupants in a state of intense ex
citement.
('dilulug entrance he immediately
called for Deputy Warden Sargent, and
together they proceeded to make uu in
vestigation of the Interior.
In the guards’ dining room they
found tin* lifeless I tody of Will I>. Roo
ney, captain.of tin* night guard. Ap
parently lie had been stabbed with a
keeu-blnded knife in the left breast,
which hud entered the heart and caused
instant death.
The body was removed to the peni
tentiary hospital, where a critical ex
amination was made.
IToceedlng further the warden and
his deputy met tin* asistant night eup
tulu, Maloney, who was wandering
about in a dazed condition, begging to
get out. He had been sandbagged, but
ids injuries tire of a slight nature.
The trouble is supposed to have orig
inated with the lsiiler gang, composed
of Wagner. Reynolds and Antoue
Woode and Wallace. All four are des
|H*rate characters. Reynolds and Wag
ner being the worst men iu the pen.
Details are very meagre, but it is
known that tin* four mentioned have
escaped. Two of them were s«*en cross
ing the First street bridge, going in the
direction of Silver Cliff.
The other two are supposed to have
gone over tlu* liog-hack Immediately iu
the rear of the penitentiary, and may
now he in hiding iu tin* coftutry, which
is broken ami very rough.
A general alarm was given In the city
by tin* ringing of lire bells and shoot
ing of tlrenrnis. and at tills hour a
strong guard of armed citizens is sta
tioned outside tin* penitentiary walls
and on tin* streets adjoining.
The Inside is also guarded l>v special
citizen guards. Every assistance possi
ble is being given the warden.
Posses have been started out in all
directions.
NEWS FROM MANILA.
American* (.'upturn u Town ami Two
( unnont.
Manila. Jan. 21. Major Johnson,
commanding battalion of tlu* Forty
sixth Infantry. Wheaton’s brigade, re
ports from Ijcinery. the ISth ami 2oth
instants, drove enemy through Bjilm
ynng eastward, morning of the 18th.
capturing seventeen rifles, one Held
piece: few hours later through Guinea,
captured four prisoners, four horses
and equipments, and six rides; killed
three Insurgents. Advanced toward
I-emery that afternoon, ruptured ene
my’s outpost, three men. six horses;
advanced on Lemery •"» o'clock p. in..
enemy strongly entrenched: sent by
navy gunboat to Batangas for assist
ance when three companies of Muir’s
battalion. Thirty-eighth, sent to Tank
insurgent headquarters; Johnson drove
the enemy through Lemery on Tank
where lie attacked tlie southern |H»rtlon
of the city, ami Muir tin* northern por
tion. The enemy dispersed, retreating
iu many directions. Johnson's casual
ties, one man killed. »-ne seriously and
two slightly wounded: four field pieces
and quantity of ritles captured. This
movement of Johnson's was ably con
ducted and was liiq>ortant In results.
The enemy Is reported In large form*
and heavily entrenched at and near
Santa Cruz, La Gtina de Bay. Seliwau
swinging his troops on that point, his
left at town of Bay. few miles east of
Citlamha. bis right consisting of caval
ry at right of Taya bus. OTIS.
Fighting the Drainage Canal.
Washington. Jan. 22 In tlie case of
the State of Missouri vs. the State of
Illinois, involving the petition for an
Injunction against the Chicago drain
age canal, the United States Supreme
Court to-day decided to permit the at
torney general of Missouri to tile his
bill oinking the summons to the defend
ants returnable on April 2nd.
In connection with this decision. Mr.
B. Schumacher, representing the state
of Missouri, asked for a temporary re
straining order against the Chicago
drainage district, prohibiting the opera
tion of the canal during the pendency
of the proceedings lu this court. He
said the canal had lieen o|M*ned shut*
the proceeding had begun here and
with the full knowledge of the proceed
ing. In reply Chief Justice Fuller said
that It was Impossible for the Supreme
Court to exercise original jurisdiction
in a suit between states without giving
notice; that sixty days were required
for a return, and that nothing could
he done liefore the date U|M>n which
the service was made returnable In the
main proceeding, viz., April 2nd.
Woman Capture* a Robber.
Milwaukee. Wls.. Jan. 23.—'W. E.
Walters held up tlu* woman cashier in
the office of the Milwaukee* Credit Com
pany this afternoon and ten minutes
later lu* was in tlu* central pollen* sta
tion. Walters e*iite>re*d the* office of tin*
cemipauy. which is in Grand avenue.
In tin* heart of the down-town district,
ami. presenting a e*liise*l at the* lu*ael of
Miss Freuler. the* cashier, orile*reel her
to throw up her hauels. Sin* grapple*d
with the man. He* threw- her to the
floor. Turing, he* ivticlieel into the safe*
and secured $1.45 and some* e*he*cks. As
he started to escape Miss Freuler
seized Idm. Walte*rs drugged her down
a flight of stairs to the* stre*et below,
where* Miss Premier's sere*ams- brought
he»r assistance. Walters was pursued
and captured by citizens. He has
servenl a term in tlu* Jolh*t penitentiary
and recently came here* from Chicago.
Great Klertrlr Deal on In New York City.
New York. Jail. 23.—'The World says:
A general consolidation of all the gas.
electric light and traction systems of
tlu* city, under tlu* supreme control of
tlie* Hoe*kefe*lle*rs. is impending.
There* has been a general harmoniz
ing of interests, brought about by
Rockefeller luffuenees. which promises
gigantic results. Directly it marks the
absorption of tlu* New York Gas and
Ele*ctric Light. Heat and Power Com
pany by tlu* Consolidates!, and points
to the* probability of an early end of
tlu* gas rate* war.
Dl*po*ltlon of Hawaiian Public Lind*.
Washington, Jan. 23.—The House
committee on territories to-day gave a
hearing upon the subject of disposition
of the public lands of Hawaii. Mr. Her
mann. commissioner of the public land
office, favored placing the lands unde*r
the public land office, and his attitude
was opposed by William Owen Smith,
attorney general of Hawaii, and other
Xlawaiians.
Me*u on HtrMt Cura.
A plan Is under consideration tn Chi
cago to attach buffet cars as trailers to
ordinary street cars. The cars will
seat twenty persons and the fare will
be 5 cents extra for ordinary trips. The
crew will consist of a conductor and
the porter, who is also to have charge
of the "kitchen,” so called, but which
will consist of tlie small range and
urns as In railroad buffets. Under the
system a man may take his friends and
customers to luncheon and show them
the city at the same time, or he may
take his breakfast while riding to the
office.
The Craving for Stimulant*
Has lately attracted a great deal of at
tention. The use of them seems to be
increasing. Tills clearly shows au ex
hausted condition of the nerves and
blood, which may Ik* remedied only by
strengthening the stomach. Hostetter s
Stomach Bitters will do this for you.
It cures dyspepsia, constipation aud
nervousness.
Exterminating Moaqultoe.
How to exterminate tlu* mosquito has
been a problem for a long time until
a resident of Sydney. Australia, tried
pouring kerosene on tlu* water in a
pool, with tlu* happy result Unit the
larvae whence mosquitoes spring were
killed. A local municipal laxly lias
tried tlu* kerosene cure on tlu* water
holes In its district, and so conspicu
ously lias been the success of the ex
periment that steps have been taken
to distribute a circular among residents
exhorting them to use kerosene on the
water holes that belong hi them.
The Health and rieaaure Resort*
Of Texas. Mexico. Arizona and Cali
fornia are quickly and comfortably
reached via the Southern Pacific Com
pany's Sunset Route. Dally through
service from New Orleans to ban
Francisco via Houston. San Antonio.
El Paso and Angeles. Special
semi-weekly service, Sunset Limited
from New Orleans Mondays and
Thursdays, composed of Buffet Smok
ing Car. containing Bath Room and
Barber Shop. Drawing Room Compart
ment Car. regular Pullman Sleepers,
and Dining Car (meals a la carte), all
of the latest design and most luxuri
ously appointed. Direct connections
made at New Orleans from all points
North and East. Detailed informa
tion cheerfully furnished by W. Q.
Neimyer. G. W. A.. So. Pac. Co.. 238
Clark St.. Chicago: VV. H. Connor.
Com’l Agt.. Chamber Commerce Bldg.,
Cincinnati. 0.. \V. J. Berg. Trav. Pass.
Agt.. 220 Ellicott Square. Buffalo,
N. Y.
••Of course. Alice. I can't regulate your
spending money: but we ought to be sny
lng for a home." "Well. Arthur. $lO will
Iniv ine u hat. but you know very well it
won't buy a house ami lot."
In Winter Use Allen** Foot-F-aoa.
A powder. Your feet feel uncom
fortable. nervous, and often cold and
damp. If you have sweating, sore feet
or tight siloes, try Allen's Foot-Ease.
Sold by all druggists and shoe stores.
25 cents. Sample sent free. Address
Allen S. Olmsted. Le Roy. N. Y.
Doctor (casually)—"Well. Mr. Brown,
how are you to-day?' "Mr. Brown (de
fensively)—"Oh. I'm nil right. Doctor.
There's nothing the matter with me that
would be worth $2 to you."
"That palm render said he had the most
unbounded faith In my future." ••Well?"
"Then hu made mo plank down $1 in ad
vance."
Dropsy treated free by Dr. H. H. Green's
Sons, of Atlanta, Ga. The greatest dropsy
specialist* in the world. Read their adver
tisement iu another column of this |>aper.
Proprietor—"lf you don't stop eating
so much candy I II have to let you go."
Drug Clerk—" Oh. say now. von know
1 am a valuable clerk, suppose you just
quit keeping „
44 Take Time by
The Forelock .”
?Jont •wait until sickness overtakes you.
When that tired feeling, the first rheu
matic pain, the first warnings of impure
blood are manifest, take Hood's Sarsapa
rilla and you will rescue your health and
probably save a serious sickness. c ße sure
to get Hood's, because
%fccd& SaUabau/fa
"WIHCHgT^
\ Free?
tSend your name and address on a
postal, and we will send you our 156-
i page illustrated catalogue free. j |
; WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO. 1
J | 174 WlnchMtar Avenue, New Haven, Conn.®
R" FO R"t4*C E Nf S
We wiih to gain thin year 300,0(0
Nw new onstomrn, tuil h cnee offer
1 I’kg. Citr Orrdcn Bret, lcc
1 PWg Karl'et Emerald Cucumberlbc
1 " La Crosse Market Lettuce, 16c
1 ** Strawberry Melon, 16c
1 M 11 Day Rad Nb, 100
1 “ Karly Ripe Cabbage, 100
1 *• Karly Dinner Onion, 100
H “ Brilliant Flower Seed*. 15c
Worth $l.OO, for 14 ceata. fI.iAJ
Above 10 Pkga. worth $l.OO, we will 1
mail yoo free, together with oar i
great Catalog,telling *ll aboot i
SALIER • MIIIION DOLLAR POTATO <
npon receipt of this notice A 14c. ,
■tamps. YVr invite yonrtrade, and
know when yoo once try Mnlxer’a
seed* yon will never do withont. 1
•too Prize*on Ralzer’* I*oo—rar- I
eet aarliettTomato Giant on earth, wae— i
JOHN A. MALZSE SKID CO., I.A « RONSK. Wlfc |
new YORK ygKtf 3
CATAR R H-HAY FEVER and COLD in the
HEAD positively relieved and CURED by
this wonderfully cleansing—antiseptic—
and Healing Spccilic. Price 25 and 50 cts.
If not ut your ttrusgi.t.s send to lluswell Drug Co.,
Western Agents. Denver. Colo.
YOUNG MEN!
If you have money to waste try all the “Curea” you
*>»y know or hear of: If you wiah to run the chance of
yetting a stricture buy the injections which are said to
cure tn S to • days(f) nut if you want a remedy which la
absolutely safe and which never falls to cure unnatural
discharges, no matter how serious or of how lone stand
la* the case may be. get
‘•PABST'S OKAY SPECIFIC”
No case known It has ever failed to Care.
Nothing like it. Results astonish the doctors, druggl«ta
and all who have occasion to use It. Can be taken without
mconvenlenee or detention from business. Price, $3.00.
For aale bv all reliable druggists, or tent prepaid by Ex
press, plainly wrapped. on receipt of price by
M PABST CHEMICAL CO.
Circular mailed on reoueat. OncAFk IU»
HP A| Q I Cl Al A 8«t yoßPPeisloc
rCIIOIURODOUBLE QUICK
Write CAPT. O’FARRELL, Penaloa Agent.
M 2« New York Avanue. WASHINGTON. D. C.

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