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Metropolitan news. (Chicago, Ill.) 1935-19??, October 17, 1936, Image 9

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91055359/1936-10-17/ed-1/seq-9/

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ARTICLES :: FEATURES ” COMMENTS
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ZLook To Your• • • |
j HEALTH |
i By Dr• John B« Hall, Jr• |
EARACHE
i
At some time or other, each of
os complains about earache. In this
article, I wish to dwell upon its
significance. There are many con
ditions causing pain in the region
of the ears, most of them not con
nected with disease in the ears
themselves. As a rule, earache is
much more serious in a child than
In an adult. When a patient com
plains of earache, It Is a very sim
ple matter to have the ears ex
amined with an otoscope to deter
mine whether there is an infection
in the inner ear or not.
This examination is invaluable
and if infection is present, it can be
prevented from spreading. It is all
very well to use different types of
remedies in the ear; these will al
lay the pain but will not stop the
spread of infection which may pro
duce deafness.
In children any one of the infec
tious diseases may be accompanied
by infection in the ear. These can
become very serious and even
spread to the mastoid region and
Infect the cells of that bony struc
ture; this often resulting in a ser
ious operation. When a child con
tracts an Infectious disease, it is
routinely examined for infection in
the ear-thls is especially true in
6carlet fever where ten percent of
the victims develop infection of the
middle ear.
Colds, sore throats, and attacks
of tonsillitis often are complicated
by infection in the ears. This com
plication is not as common in ad
ults as in children but It must be
watched because deafness often
follows if the bones in the middle
ear are destroyed by the infection.
Pains in the ears are caused by
several other things than by in
fection. Cerumen (wax) in the ear.
canal often produces pain besides
temporary deafness. A boil in the
ear canal produces severe pain but
this disappears when the boil
breaks and the pus escapes. Per
sons with high blood pressure are
often bothered with pain and noise
in the ears. The cause of this is
easily discovered when an estima
tion of the blood pressure is ob
tained.
There are other causes of pain in
the ears-however the first thing to
be done in any case is an examina
tion of the ear drums to be sure
that there is no infection in the
middle ear. After this is done, a
complete physical examination may
be necessary to discover the cause
of this sympton. In no case, how
ever, should these examinations be
put off, as infection in the middle
ear often produces deafness.
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I DENTAL TOPICS
| By Dr. J. Ahrue Feaman
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(Continued from last week).
“Did I understand you to say,”
asked Mrs. White, “that two of
Bobby’s sixth-year molars are de
cayed? What should cause them to
decay so quickly? They have just
come through the gums.”
‘‘No,’’ replied Dr. X. “I didn’t
*iay they were decayed. I said that
his two lower sixth-year molars
are defective.. By that I mean that
they have weak spots, cracks, in
their enamel covering. Small parti
cles of food will lodge in those,
©racks and decay. Eventually, of
course, the acids produced by the
decaying food would cause the
teeth to decay.”
“But I brush Bobby’s teeth every
day,” said Mrs. White. “That
should prevent decay, shouldn’t it?”
“Partly,” replied the dentist. “If
you could get the bristles of the
brush down Into those cracks and
by so doing remove all of the food
■■ 1 ■ _g
particles, I suppose that you would
prevent the teeth from decaying.
However, these cracks are so deep
and so narrow that you can’t get
to the bottom of them with a brush.
Therefore, in spite of daily brush
ing, decay will take place in those
unbrushed areas.”
“Flaws or defects in the enamel
covering of sixth-year molars are
very common. That is why so many
children lose these important teeth
so early in life. Parents do not
know that the enamel on their chil
dren’s teeth is sometimes defect
ive, and thinking that baby teeth
do not need attention, neglect them
until they are so badly decayed
that the must be pulled out.”
“I never realized that new teeth
were defectve,’’ said Mrs. White.
“I thought the defects always de
veloped after the teeth came in.
"Why should teeth have holes in
them before they erupt?’’
(Continued next week.)
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1 NEGRO TUBERCULOSIS!
| PROBLEM IN CHICAGO |
By MARION NELSON, Statistical Assistant a
National Tuberculosis Association ;
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(Continued from last week)
Community Resources and the
Negro Population.
Principal among the community
resources for the discovery and
care of tuberculosis available to
the city’s Negro population are the
dispensaries of the Municipal Tu
berculosis Sanitarium, the Munici
pal Tuberculosis Sanitarium, the
Home for Open Cases, the Cook
County Hospital, and the Cook
County Tuberculosis Hospital at
Oak Forest. All of these are city
or county tax-supported institutions
where both colored and white pa
tients are received for treatment.
There are various other chest
clinics conducted by such institu
tions as the Michael Reese Hospi
tal, the University of Chicago, and
the Northwestern University Medi
cal School. There are also several
orthopedic clinics and hospitals
for the care and treatment of the
various forms of non-pulmonary
tuberculosis, conducted by such in
stitutions as St. Luke’s Hospital,
Children’s Memorial Hospital, the
University of Chicago, and the
University of Illinois.
For various reasons, relatively
few Negroes come under the care
of this group of institutions. In
some cases it is the location of the
Institution, in others it is because
of a policy which restricts the In
take of the Institutions to certain
sections of the city, and in still
others they are not accepted as
patients except in rare instances.
As stated before, then, the prin
cipal agencies concerned with their
treatment and care are the city
and county institutions mentioned
above. Inasmuch as this is so, and
inasmuch as the number to come
under the care of the other agen
cies is so small as to be practically
negligible, the discussion from
here on will be concerned only with
data which relate to those city and
county institutions and the Negro
es coming under their care.
Clinic Attendance.
The records of the Municipal Tu
berculosis Sanitarium show that
there were in attendance at their
dispensaries a total of 27,838 Ne
groes in 1934 and 26,524 in 1933,
equivalent to an annual average of
27,181, approximately 11.5 per cent
of the city’s Negro population. This
number includes both continued j
and new patients, with the latter ]
constituting a’most half (46) per
cent of the total. Approximately
40 per cent of both the total cases
and the new cases were adults and
60 per cent children under sixteen
years of age.
Of the new cases a yearly aver
age of 999 or S per cent were di
agnosed tuberculosis.
Eighty-seven per cent of the posi
tive cases were classified as pul
monary tuberculosis and twelve
percent as non-pulmonary tubercu
losis. Eighty-seven per cent were
adults and thirteen per cent were
children under sixteen. Twenty-five
per cent were classified as minimal
cases, 46 per cent as moderately
advanced, and 29 per cent as far
advanced.
The new contacts brought in for ,
examination numbered 1,303 in 1934 *
j FASHION j
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COLLEGE FROCK
College entrants who are still
looking for a formal dress that
looks different and yet is youthful
will find the answer in the de
scribed frock. A fresh and original
color combination distinguishes the [
dress in which the designer uses
violet against chartreuse with skill
and charming results.
The silhouette is familiar—fitted
basque, off-shoulders, draped puffed
sleeves, and extremely bouffant
skirt.
Chartreuse net is used, with 14
spaced rows of violet silk cording
just above the hem of the skirt
accenting the fullness, the trans
parent net over the violet silk
forming a lovely subdued note of
color. The puffed sleeves are cord
ed in a similar manner
At the center of the low, scallop
ed decolletage is placed a corsage
of violets, shaded from purple to
orchid, and a smaller buch is worn
in the hair. For especial occasions,
one suggests that real violets be i
substituted for the artificial ones.
The sandals selected to accom
pany the frock are of chartreuse
silk crepe, piped in silver.
and 1,103 in 1933, or an average
for the two years of 1,204. Forty
eight per cent of these were adults
and 52 per cent were children.
In connection with visits to the
dispensaries by Negro patients, the
records show a total of 74.S29 in
1934 and 68,870 in 1933, or a yearly
average of 71,850. The home visits
or calls on registered cases by
members of the dispensary person
nel numbered 38,762 in 1934, and
37,602 in 1933, a yearly average of
38,182.
Hospitalization
As regards the hospitalization of
Negro tuberculosis patients, the tu
berculosis wards of Cook County
Hospital receive by far the great
est number. The Municipal Tuber
culosis Sanitarium, the Home for
Open Cases, and the Cook County
Tuberculosis Hospital at Oak
Forest, all receive considerably
fewer cases. The records of Cook
County Hospital showed that dur
ing 1934 a total of 743 Negro tu
berculosis patients were discharged
from the tuberculosis and other
wards of the hospital. Five hundred
and ninety-three of 80 per cent of
these were classified as pulmon
(Continued on page 11)
Pity anything but yourself.
Self pity quickly undermines ambition.
Talking “hard times” all the time only
makes them seem harder.
Constantly hammering on casehardened
steel will eventually make an impression.
All things being equal, if we constantly
pound it into our heads that, we are objects
of pity, the impression will finally be made
and we are an object thereof.
Two forces make against us in this great Jack L. Cooper
battle for existence. They are self-praise and self-pity. If we
must hold a brief for either of them, Tis well to strike a
middle ground.
L’ENVOI
Self Praise is half scandal,
Self Pity is doubly worse;
The first mark of ill-breeding
The latter is just a plain curse.
Thank you, S'long
Hide Your I
i
Light Under A |
Bushel
n
I
I'T'HE OLD IDEA of a
JL man making a better
3 “mouse-trap than his
neighbor’’ and the world
making a “beaten track”
to his door is O. K. as far
j as it goes—but the world
I wants to know, definitely
I now-a-days , who you are,
^ where you are, and what
PRICE ? They won’t take
the trouble to find out—
you must tell them! The
modern way of telling
them is ADVERTISING!
3 •
So choose your medium—
then Advertise. In choos
□ ing your medium, be sure
of two things: First that
the medium is popular;
second that is has the
COVERAGE—that is the
important thing—
COVERAGE.

Let us suggest
THE
METROPOLITAN
NEWS
25,000
S FREE DISTRIBUTION
| EVERY THURSDAY
111 . . is the Southsides

greatest advertising me
dium—we reach its
° entire buying public!
[I NO OTHER SOUTHSIDE
MEDIUM IS JUST AS GOOD
IHE .
| Metropolitan
| News
□ 3453 So. Michigan Ave.
Telephone:
Calumet 6 5 6 2

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