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Title:
Chicago world. : (Chicago, Ill.) 1918-????
Place of publication:
Chicago, Ill.
Geographic coverage:
  • Chicago, Cook, Illinois  |  View more titles from this: City County, State
Publisher:
Chicago World Pub. Co.
Dates of publication:
1918-????
Description:
  • Began in 1918.
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
  • English
Subjects:
  • African Americans--Illinois--Chicago--Newspapers.
  • African Americans.--fast--(OCoLC)fst00799558
  • Chicago (Ill.)--Newspapers.
  • Illinois--Chicago.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01204048
Notes:
  • Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
  • Description based on: Vol. 18, no. 30 (June 23, 1934).
  • Latest issue consulted: Feb. 4, 1950.
  • Preservation microfilmed in cooperation with the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library as part of the United States Newspaper Program; the years 1934-1950 (on 1 microfilm reel) are available for purchase from OCLC Preservation Service Centers.
LCCN:
sn 91055455
OCLC:
24283548
ISSN:
2694-1066
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Chicago world. June 23, 1934 , Image 1

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The Chicago World

The Chicago World, a weekly newspaper published on Saturdays, ran from 1918 to around 1953. The paper was established by Jacob R. Tipper (1873–1943) of Bainbridge, Georgia. Mrs. Stella M. Tipper, his wife, also played an important role in the management of the paper. The May 7, 1949 issue described her as having "mothered the paper through many trying experiences." The Tippers moved to Chicago from Georgia around 1908, opening a grocery store and market soon after their arrival. Jacob Tipper never occupied paid public office but was an active member of the Republican party. He was elected as a delegate to a National Republican Convention and was a protégé of Edward H. Wright in Chicago's Second Ward.

In 1918, Tipper began the newspaper as the Chicago Enterprise, which was renamed the Chicago World in 1928. The World gradually grew in circulation, reaching 40,000 people each week at its height. The World's staff of ten ran a printing plant with $35,000 worth of equipment one block away from the Chicago Defender, at 3611 South Indiana.

Political coverage in the World supported the Republican party, with the endorsement of Republican political candidates, including support for 1948 presidential candidate Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York. Front-page news contained local, national, and international coverage, with reports on crime, relief efforts, politics, death, illness, business, and sports. The paper also included cartoons, book reviews, church news, a theater page, and a society page.

Like competing Black metropolitan newspapers, such as the Chicago Whip and The Chicago Defender, the paper covered the activities of Black leaders and the elite, this included news of figures in popular culture and entertainment, such as the victories of boxer Joe Louis and news of performers like Josephine Baker and Nat King Cole. Beginning in 1948, the paper included a dedicated section for news from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and a women's section. The editorial page of issues from 1934 and 1935 designated the World as the official organ of the Illinois Housewives Association, a nonprofit organization headquartered in Chicago, which engaged in social and philanthropic activities and taught housekeeping skills to African American women.

The production of the World was a family affair, making Jacob Tipper the head of a prominent newspaper family in Chicago. After Tipper's death in 1943, the paper was left to his widow. The Tippers had two sons, Ernest Tipper and Harry K. Tipper. Ernest passed prior to his parents on June 8, 1938 at the age of 30. Ernest was a linotype and printing expert and, for some time, worked as the head of the paper's composition department. After the death of Stella M. Tipper in 1946, Harry took over as managing editor and as the last surviving member of the Tipper dynasty. After Harry's passing on August 20, 1949, Vivian V. Tipper, Harry's widow, took ownership of the paper.

Provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL