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THE NEW ERA.
_ EDITED IT W M . HENRY WOOD, THURSDAY. MARCH 15. 18d0 Success or Defeat. Who will be the Chicago nominee ? Thin la the question exactly which no* body can answer. Yet ther6 is one question we think can be answered, and that is, what qualifications the Republt can candidate should possess. First of all, he must be a man against whom the charge of sectionalism can* not justly be urged. He must be a man whose public acts show him to have been guided in his public conduct by a patri otism that comprehends the welfare of the people of every section alike ; a man, who,.though opposed to the exten sion of slavery, is not an enemy of the slaveholder, against whom this allega tion cannot, in the coming canvas, be made with the shadow of truth. He must be conservative in order to avail himself of the conservative element in the party, at the North, without which success is impossible, and defeat certain. This vote will be the controlling one in the coming struggle. If the convention shall nominate a man who is regarded as having been actuated in his public life by sectional feelings, and attempt to run him on a sectional plank, hundreds of thousands of conservative votes are surely lost. No extremist can carry the Anti-Le compton vote. Yet without the cordial greeting of such men as Hickman, Haskins, Reeder and Stanton, we might us well “ hang up the fiddle and the bow,” so far as looking for victory is concerned. Argue it, and disguise it as you will —talk as long and charmingly as you will about pronou teed Republicans ; Greely is right when he says “ the par ty is a great deal stronger than we think it is, if a “ pronounced” Republican can be elected.” The issue must not be the abstract question whether Slavery is a malum per se ; leave that for the cler gy to settle—but more reasonably and more properly this—“ Shall Slavery be extendhd ?” Let this be the issue. “Can Slavery be, under the Constitu tion, extended over territory now free?” As for us, wc are for the nomination of a man who can be elected—not an abolitionist—not an ultraist—not a mnn ready to stand on a solitary northern plank, casting defiant glances down over the Potomac. We want to see a mart nominated, who, while he is opposed to the extension of slavery, recognizes the constitutionality of slavery in the States where it exists ; who, while he loves freedom and free soil—is yet imbued with a deep sense of the beauty and greatness and glory of our country as it is, and the constitution as it is—the whole country and the whole constitu tion. Let such a man be nominated ; if nominated, he can be elected. Free Homes. Much of the land lying back of our town is in the hands of non-residents. It has been alleged that, though this land is of an excellent quality, the own ers of it will neither improve it them selves nor sell it to those who would. We, with pleasure, state, that we are authorized to say that the various owners of these lands are ready to give 80 acres each to any number of men who will move on the land, improve it and make their homes there. Some of the land is not more than five miles from town—some on Elk River—and all of it good. Who will avail themselves of this liberal offer ? It is near the Mis sippi River, and in a few years will be very valuable. SUPERIOR RAIL ROAD. The following resolutions passed the House ofßepresentatives last week : 1. That on the the completion and equipment of ten miles of road, and the deposit with the Governor of SIOO,OOO of the present railroad bonds, he shall issue SIOO,OOO of good, interest-bearing bonds. 2. The bill also provides fora Super ior road, to he constructed from a point on the Mississippi above Anoka, within four years, to which $500,000 of aid is pledged. Homestead Law The Committee on Agriculture have instructed Mr. Grow to report a Home stead bill. The new bill covers all land subject to pre-emption, and extends the right to all who are now settlers as well as those Who may hereafter settle. Don't go on the ice in the river with your teams any longer, unless you can afford to lose them. -THE MA»"FOR THE HOUR. Among the many eminent men in the Republican party, whose names have been mentioned in connection with the Presidency, we believe the pre-emin nt qualifications of Edward Bates plainly point him out as the man for the hour. Possessed of rare talents, fervent zeal for the interests of the country, admira ble administrative ability, genuine good ness of heart, a patriotism that sees his country along the banks of the Savan nah as well as on the mountains of the St. Lawrence—Edward Bates, it seems to us, would be, of all others, precisely the man to lead the Republican army in the coming contest. He has never asked for political preferment. He has never shaped his course, according to the dictates of an ambition yet unsatisfied, that gnaws like the worm which dieth not, and burns like the fire which is not quenched. Edward Bates is not of that class. He has asked for neither a coronet, a red ribbon, nor a seat at the Council Board. He has been content with liv ing in retirement, looking out upon his country, proud of its greatness and glory. He has never mixed in political cabals, or intrigued with opposing fac tions, He has shrived himself neither at the altar of Secession, of Abolition, or of any other unknown god. His life has been even, honest, elevated, patri otic, sincere and humane. Living in a slave State, he has given freedom to his slaves. Born and raised where slavery has, from time long gone, been regarded as a blessing, he yet declares the insti tution should not be extended. He is a man ready to make sacrifice for princi ple. Such an one we need in these times. They are few. The purest are some times liable to the charge of selfishness; but a man’s good acts are his sure justi fication. It is nothing to fight for the truth where it costs only words ; and little merit is due to such, however much “ noise and confusion” they may occa sion. It is where sacrifices have to be made in attestation of the sincerity of one’s opinions, that praise is due. Ed ward Bates has shown his honesty by his works. Let him be rewarded, LAKE SUPERIOR TRADE. With regard to the importance of the Superior trade to Northern Minnesota, and the steps to be taken to secure it, we have already frequently spoken in these columns. By a statement of S. P. Mead, Esq., Superintendent of the Sault Canal, we find how important is the commerce of that region already. The importations of provisions, supplies, and merchan dize for the past year, amount to $5,- 208,640 ; the exports of coper, iron, fur and fish, to $3,171,069. Among the down freight-shipments, we notice copper to the amount of $2,445,000 ; iron ore to the amount of $385,000 ; iron bars to the amount of $150,900. Among the importations the last' year, there were 39,000 barrels of flour ; 5000 barrels of pork ; 4000 barrels of beef ; of coarse grain, 72,000 bushels. From Detroit alone during the last year, the shipments were immense. Of flour, 11,416 barrels; of-corn, 4000 bushels ; of oats, 11,000 bushels : of pork and beef, 9000 barrels. What a market is here for the surplus grain of the Mississippi Valley, if our farmers could reach it by any direct route 1 What a market for our oats and corn, now being sold at reduced prices. What a market for our beef and pork, when our people here in Ben ton and Stearns counties begin to raise in abundance, as will soon be the case. We notice in the table of shipments from Detroit, number of cattle and horses, 667, and 2121 bbls of lime ; of general merchandize, 5745 tons ; ol ground feed, 1007 tons ; butter, 313,- 724 pounds ; bacon, 262 barrels ; lard, 500 barrels ; cheese, 52,582 pounds. These are only the leading articles con sumed in the mining regions of Lake Su per* sr. A Direct Route—lts Importance. It will be seen by the above statement how great would be the advantages ac cruing to this region, if there was a thoroughfare of some kind, a Railroad, or a good summer wagon road, from Sauk Rapids or St. Cloud to Superior City, by which our farmers could carry to the Superior market, their surplus, produce, such as flour, pork, wheat and oats. Pork will soon be raised in abun dance here. They would get a higher price for these products than they are now receiving, at the same time that the buyers, at the Lake would get their supplies from almost their immediate vicinity, and at less cost than they pay at present for shipments at Detroit, Mil waukee, Chicago and Cleveland. We rejoice that we are so near a good mar met—the distance is but 136 miles. We are also glad to notice that our Superior friends aro awake to the importance of road to this vicinity, and are using every exertion for its constructioD- It only remains for the people of Sauk Rapids, Saint Cloud, and surrounding Country, to second the efforts of Superi or in this regard. When this is done, in earnest, Superior City will be the great mart of Northern Minnesota. Bridge at St. Cloud. Mr. Fowler, in behalf of a company, we understand, offers, upon certain con ditions, to build a bridge across the Mississippi river, connecting East St. Cloud with St. Cloud at a point near the Emerson House. A bridge there would do more to build up the town than SIOO,OOO expended in any other way. We hope the enterprise will go on. Farm to Rent. Situated on the Mississippi River, five miles below Sauk Rapids—ss acres un der cultivation—with a new frame house on the premises. For terms, enquire at this office. Mr. Powell, Lower St. Cloud, has erected and nearly finished a fine looking two-story Store building, near Proctor and Clarke’s Hardware estab lishment. JSg** Wheeler’s Steam Mill is busy sawing out a superior quality of lumber. We welcome home again our friend G. W. Sweet, Esq., who has been in the Legislature during the past winter, doing all that could be done for the interests of the Upper Mississippi. number of pupils attending the public schools of St. Paul is seven hundred and ninety-two ; one hundred sixteen more than were enrolled a vear ago. The U. S. Supreme Court at Washington, has affirmed the late de cision of the Supreme Court of tnis State on the interest question. St. Anthony. Some of our people will soon be go ing below to buy Spring supplies If you will call at the store of E Hayes and Co., or Andrews, Brothers, or J. H. Chase, or G. Pomeroy, you will find them well filled with good goods, and the proprietors disposed to give you as good bargains as you can find anywhere. If you want paints, oils, Drugs and Medicines, call at the Drug Store of Vawter, near the Tremont House, or Chas. Crawford, near the Bridge.— They are pleasant gentlemen all. Don’t believe a word of it—that Bradford of St. Cloud, is going to Pike’s Peak to dig gold this Summer. Why should he ? the best mines ever discov ered are right behind his counter in WiHon’s Hall, where he and Grandel myer are busy from sunrise to sunset, selling goods, emptying the pockets of everybody of every particle of gold dust in them. Bradford is the last man to go now at any rate, for he has just received the largest and best stock of Boots and Shoes ever brought to this market, and is selling them at Eastern prices. We have an eye on a pair of his fine, summer boots. Still coming—a lot of Dry Goods —from Cathcart & Co., to the Store of J. H. White, St. Cloud, Lowry’s Land ing. Friend White is determined not to be behind his neighbors. FIFE WHEVT. The Hastings Independent says ,the farmers in that vicinity hold the Scotch Fife wheat in almost as bad repute for flouring purposes as the Black Sea. The Canada Club Wheat makes the best flour—yields quite as well as any —and invariably brings the highest price. .Emigration. —Several companies of emigrants have passed through our town the past week. They had with them stock, farming utensils, and all the etcetera for opening up farms and living in comfortable style. We welcome these as the precursors of still greater things, “ which must shortly come to pass.” A CARD. Will Mr. Wood permit me, through The JTew Era, to expresß the thanks of myself and family to oik friend# who made ns a donation visit 00 the 7th instant, thus showing their kind regards for us, and leaving tubttantial evidence that they wish us to share with them the good things of this life. - j* .S. HALL. Minnesota—Climate, Soil, Pro ductions. We last week copied several para graphs from Judge Meeker’s well writ ten letter to Hon. Horace Greely, in relation to the climate, soil and produc tions of Minnesota. We copy again as follows : The Upper Missippi. By this I mean So much of the Valley of the Upper Mis sissippi as lies north of the Falls of St. Anthony. On the east side, or left hand of this river, from its source to the Falls the s>il is generally superior, and yet there are many portions of it that are good and yield well. On the west side, however, the soil is not only good but generally excellent. The Sauk River Valley, the Crow River valley and its branches, are not surpassed in fertility and produclivenesss in any Western State. This region is not only well settled but populous, and is very pro ductive in wheat, rye, oats, corn and potatoes, which are shipped in large quantities from the Falls to St. Louis, the most accessible and best market. The St, Peter’s or Minnesota Valley. This is an immense district of agricul ture and grazing lands, stretching south westerly first, and then north-westerly, embracing a tract of some five hundred miles, fertile in corn wheat barley, oats, and potatoes, all of which are easily and cheaply floated to the Mississippi, thence South to the best market. Lower Minnesota, or all that country lying west of the Mississippi and south of the St. Peter’s or Minnesota River, including the very rich and fertile country drained by the Blue Earth. This whole country is well settled and very fertile in corn and wheat. The crops that do best in Minnesota are wheat rye, barley, oats, potatoes, and corn—the latter not always a cer tain crop. The average yield of wheat this year is supposed to be twenty five bushels to the acre, the largest average of any State in the Union. Of the Lake Superior region he says: The Lake Superior region or the region extending some sixty nriles around the head of the great lake that bears that name. This district is for the most part woodland. Most of the soil is thin, low, and wet with here and there a fertile locality of hard wood, as ash, sugar-maple, and elm, having a clay or hard-pan aubsoil. But little of this region is at present settled, and it is generally unknown to the emigrating public, as no road has yet been completed—from Superior City to the Mississippi—a distance of eighty miles only. It is to be regretted, and the Goverment is to he blamed, that it has never constructed this road either for military postal purposes, as well as for calling into requisition and settle ment a large tract of the public domain thus uniting, by a comparatively small expense, the two great valleys of the continent, the Lake and Mississippi. It would be essentially a National High way and would speepily force into settle ment all the cultivable land between the two mighty waters. This too, is the mineral, the copper, and iron district of Minnesota —the only region in America where copper is found in massive purity. When the slumbering wealth of this re gion shall be appreciated and capital and operatives shall have found a lodg ment in this portion of Minnesota, ag riculture in this vicinity will find an inexhaustible market and a rich reward at the head of the lake. Singular Marriage Ceremony. In the Toronto Colonist, under the matrimonial head, appears the following singular notice : “Married, by the Rev. John Brown, Presbyterian Minister, residing at the village of Newmarket, township of Whitchurch, C. W. at the residence of the bride’s father, Benjamin Hewson Moronto. Orange Brigade Drum-Major, in full scarlet regimentals with Orange sash, sword &.C., to Flora, eldest daughter of Mr. Archibald McMillers, of East Gwillimbury, C. W. When the minester got through with the nec essary cermony, by law establsehed, with a very appropriate lecture on the occasion, the bridegroom immediately afterwards requested to add a few words on the subject, and after he had got the sanction of all invited as witness, drew his sword from the scabbard, and giving it into thr bride’s hand, said in the pre sence of all there assembled, ‘ I now authorize you my dear wife, to plunge this naked sword in my brest in case you find we unfaithful to the marriage tis now taken place between me and you (as unworth a moment’s longer exis tence,) henceforth you will have this sword placed at the head of your bed at your service.’ All present seemed very feelingly impressed on the hearing of his heartfelt remark, and so it ended,’ An universal remark of the peo ple in this vicinity is that they have nev er seen so delightful a winter any where as the present one is in Minnesota.— We have had but little snow—too little for convenience of farmers and teamsters —and the weather has gene rally been clear, calm and mild as the latter days of April. ggp* The papers south of us mention wild geese flying northward. This is a sign of an early spring. The warm weather has made crossing the streams a dangerous undertaking. Fine sugar weather we have had for some time. SOUTH SIDE AGAIN. IN A POSITION TO FIGHT OR SURREN DER.—C APT. BATES —GOV. WISE Editor of the New Era :—ln look ing over the battle ground of the JVeto Era, there is evidence of generalship not anticipated. You have got South Side in a position that compels him to fight or surrender. On the left is mount ed a masked battery, commanded bv Capt. Bates, of Missouri ; directly in front, in solid Column, stands the re doubtable “North Side,” from I know not where, and then immediately behind, comes rushing up the reserve corps of the general in chief, and pours such a deadly fire into his unprotected rear— enough to make a veteran soldier quail. You know, Mr. Editor, that the great Captain of the age, Gen. Scott, did’nt like that fire in his rear ; what then could be expected of a raw recruit from the militia, though he might have the “ zeal of a Scotch dissenter ?” But humor apart. Allow me, Mr. Editor to pay my respects to your correspondent, “ North Side,’’ and thank him for the generous concessions, which will be im proved to our mutual aduantage. ’Tis conceded that Gov. Wise is a “ fine old Virginia gentleman.” Such was Wash ington, Jefferson, Madison and Monroe, all required to serve a second term ; and I might add Harrison, Tyler and Taylor, all Virginia gentlemen, and Presidents ofthe United States. Again, ’tis admitted that Wise has made a good Governor ; so did Patrick Henry, in times that tried men’s souls, who ren dered his name immortal by the “give me liberty or give mo death.” It is further conceded, “ that if we are tobe” blessed (not “ cursed”) “with another democratic administration, let it be Gov. Wise.” Such I believe to be the wish of many of the self-styled Republican party ; they know exactly where to find Gov. Wise ; have faith in his honesty, his integrity, and statesmanship, and would say yes, let it he Gov. Wise.l Now, if “North Side” will but study the facts of history, he will not again 1 use the term “ cursed,” when speaking l of democratic administrations. Only think what has been achieved by them I have not room to enumerate but a few acts. YVe taught our haughty cousin* across the water the doctrines of “Free Trade and Sailors’ Rights our Mexi can neighbors the folly of resisting the progress of the Anglo-American. \\ r e acquired an empire in what is called the Louisiana purchase ; we acquired Flo rida, Texas and California, extending the genius of our institutions to the Pa cific, all under democratic administra tions, and Mr. Buchanan is using all his influence to get the gem of the An tilles, so necessary to our safety in case of war. Call you this cursed, Mr. “North Side.” But, “Gov. Wise en tertains disunion sentiments.” 1 lere we are at issue ; nor does the evidence produced, if true, convict him of the charge. It may not be known gene rally, that when Y irginia signed the bond surrendeiing a portion of her sov ereignty to the general government, she placed it on the record, that whenever the powers conceded should be abused, she had a right to resume them, —this, however, as the last resort. That Gov. Wise is devotedly and sincerely attach ed to the Union and the Constitution, administered in its true spirit, is ns clear as proofs of holy writ. But that he and the whole southern people may he driv en to secession, is freely admitted. The most endearing relations of life may a,nd ought to be severed when dishonor is presented as an alternative ; and the south does and will regard the election of a sectional man, by a sectional party, on a sectional issue, that puts them un tne ban of the Constitution, and de prives them of the equal rights and privileges guaranteed to all, (though done under the forms of the Constitu tion,) as an indignity that none but cowards could submit to • and its fair to presume that all brave men would des pise them if they did submit. What Gov. Wise may have said, or intended, in relation to the armory at Harper’s Ferry, in case Fremont had been elected, I know not —it rings like the metal of the man, and may be true, but whether he would have been hung, as Brown was, is quite a different thing; catching is always necessary before hanging. I opine you would have found a few more of the same sort that would say, “ you can’t come it.” And would you call this “menace,” and trying to scare you ? was it menace, for our fathers to remonstrate against the injus tice of the British government ? was it menace to defend themselves against the assaults of hireling soldiers on Dorches ter hights ? No sir, no ; nor would it be menace to grasp a revolver and bid the assassin stand hack at his peril. But I have exceeded the ii.T.its as signed me. Let me say to my compan panion in tribulation, don’t be scared, let us trust in a kind providence, and take courage, South Side. CHARLES CRAWFORD, AND RETAIL DRUGGIST, St. Anthony, Minnesota. * *' SEED AND WAREHOUSE, SAINT ANTHONY, MINNESOTA. CEO. POMEROY WOULD respectfully invite the attention of the farmers and public generally, to hie large and well assorted stock of i si m m q 9 which he offers. Wholesale and Retail, for the Spring trade, consisting of GARDEN, FIELD AND FLOWER All purchases having been made for Cash, the undersigned has every facility lor selling the same at reasonable rates. Merchants in the country will find it to their advantage to call GEORGE POMEROY. rpiMOTHY SEED, at POMEROY’S. ~j~ JUXGARIAX GRASS SEED just received POMEROY’S. Kentucky blue grass and red TOP SEEDS at POMEROY’S A CHOICE and fresh assortment of the fol lowing, dept constantly on l 'id Onion, £ %i *.' Melons, K Carrot, r yj 0 Musk Melons, a Turnips, © H pj Mustard, SB ° ; n m Rutabaga, Js, d U Parsley, 5■ I K Cabbage, 1 fl _S * Carrot, W B " >. Radish, o B •; z Beets, O S ~ Sage ’ (En ® li,h ’> Beans, W jj w g Squash, rJ 0 [Ptsip, b u Tomatoe, I A ; TJorii, “ Pumpkin, B j Lettuce, j) Spitmge, A CHOICE lot of Sorghum, or Sugar Cane, just received, and for sale low, ati mlnSff POMEROY’S, MOR I GAGE SALE.—Moitgagor, William .Spooner, mortgagee, Russel M. Johnson : Date of mortgage, March 11th, 1*56, rermdrd .Match 14th, 1856, Bcnior Co nlv, Minnesota ; ’amount claimed to be due on said mortgage at the |date of this notice, 8331,11. Description of the .mortgaged premises—the e.ut half of the south cast quarter of section twenty-two, and the west halt of the soul It west quarter, and the south east quaiter of the south west quarter of section twenty-three, and the west hall of the north west quarter of section ; twenty-six, all in township thirty-five north of range jthirty west, and containing two hundred andcighty iacres (280) of land. Said premises are now situated I in Sherburne County, State of Minnesota. \\ hereas default has been made in thecondili hi of isaid morlgn.’c, now , therefore, notice is hereby given I that the above described lands ami premises will be sold at public auction, at the front door of the I’ost Office at Orono, Sherburne County, Minnesota, on the 7th day of May, 1860, at two o’clock, p. in., to satisfy the amount due on said mortgage, with inter ests and costs of sale. UUSSEI, M. JOHNSON, Dated March sth, 1860. nloi7 Mortgagee. SHERIFF’S SALE—By virtue of an execu tion issued out of and under the seal ef the District Oouit for the 4th Judicial District, in and for the County i f Benton, State of Minnesota, upon a judgment rendered and Docketed in the Clerk of the Court’s office in said county of Benton, on the 17th day of February, A. I). 1860, in an action wherein Byron Lent is Plaintiff ami Martin Wooley is Defendant, in favor of said plaintiff and against said defendant, for the sum of four hundred ana forty nine 33-100 dollars, I have this 10th day of March, A. v. 1860, levied on the following real property, as the property of faid Martin Wooley, defendant, vix: Lots number one (1) and two (2) in block number ten (10) wilb the dwelling house and the appurten ances thereunto belonging, in the town of Watab, (as surveyed by George W. Sweet) in the county of Benton and State of Minnesota. Notice is hereby given that I will sell the above property at public auction to the highest bidder, for rash, at Day’s Hy perltorean Hotel, in the town of Sauk Rapids, in Benton County, Minnesota, on Friday, April 27tb, 1860, at 10 o’clock, a. m., to satisfy said execution, with interest and costs. H. McMAHON, E. O. Hamlin, Sheriff of Benton Co. Att’y for Plaintiff. nloi6 PROBATE COURT StaTF OF MIICfiESOTA, > sg> County ol Benton, $ In Probate Court, in and for aaid County ; Pres ent, Hon. L)an H/.Miller, Judge of Probate. In the matter or the Probate of the last Will and- Testament of William Fletcher, deceased. Order. And now to wit : Feb’y 21, 1860, on reading and filing the Petition of Emina Fletcher, of said county, praying, for reasons therein set forth, that the said Will and T estament oi William Fletcher, late of said county, deceased, which has been deposited in the custody of this Court, may be admitted to Pro bate. Therefore, it is hereby ordered, that Friday jthe 16<h day of March, A. D. 1860, at the office »( the Judge of Probate, in.Sauk Rapids, in said cotiuty, Ibe and herelry is appointed the time and place for I proving the said Will; aud it is further ordered, !that public notice of the pendency of said petition, ’and of the time and place fixed lor the probate of said Will lie given by publishing this order in “ The New Era,” a newspaper published at Sauk Rapids, in said countv, for three successive weeks next following the date hereof, that all concerned may appear and coo lest the Probate of the said Will, in accordance with the statutes ia such case made and provided. Dated Feb’y 21, 1860. DAN H. MILLER, nß3i Judge of Probate of Benton Coonty. NATHAN RICHARDSON, Register of Deed* and Clerk of the Board o( County Supervisors, County of Morrison and Stale of Minnesota ; Office, Court House, Little Falls : Will mike Investments in the County, and Pay Taxes for Non-UesidenU in any part of the State, and do any business in the line of Conveyuncing. Jill Lusinesx h\j mail promptly attendtd to . Little Fall*, Min., >n.nlj