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THE NEW ERA.
W. H. WOOD, - - - EDITOR- THURSDAY. xNOV. 29. 1860. For Office. Applicants for several of the most important offices at Washington, under Mr. Lincoln, are al.eady circulating petitions and soliciting recommenda tions. Some of them have held offices heretofore as Democrats &. Americans, and are willing to do it again. Office Holders in Georgia The chivalry in Georgia are seeking recruits to rally and organize compan ies for disunion. Not one of her office holders have resigned, however, or an swered the summons. Cobb, Clayton, and others, stick closely to the public crib. Prance Not Going to Do It. It is well understood at Washington that overtures have not been made to Frauce for Commercial intercourse in the event of South Carolina seceeding. Such proposals would not be entertained for a moment. If they were, our Gov ernment, of course, would at once dis miss the Freu h Minister. Secession in Georgia, Probable. Many prominent men in this State fa vor disunion. Many of the Clergymen are ardent advocates of it. Much will depend upon the course of A. H. Steph ens and H- V. Johnson. A correspon dent writing from Savannah, says, if they approve the movement there will be a se/ere struggle; but if they favor secession no earthly power can success fully resist it. We devote considerable space this week to extracts from Southern papers, relating to the secession movement.— We think there is a very powerful par ty in the Southern States, who earnest ly desire a separation from the North.— But we think we can see a moderated tone on the subject in many of the lead ing journals down there. The Missouri Democrat is a conserva tive paper—and really desires the main tainauco of the Union, but expresses apprehension and the fear of the substi tution of another line from that which now divides parties. The Richmond Enquirer seems inclined to resist coer cion by the Federal Government. The St. Paul Times We are very glad to notice an apol ogy in the Times by Mr. Newson, for the appearance of the obnoxious article on Hen Thieves. We rend the ar ticle, and were truly shocked at its blasphemous and ribald language. It would appear that the writer, whoever ho was, studied how he could, by defying God and insulting his name, most offend the moral sense of the com munity. We are frank to confess that in all our newspaper reading we have never seen in a public journal pretend mg to respectability, a more utterly de praved and shamefully indecent piece of composition. Mr. Newson does himself barely jus tice in apologising for its appearance in his paper; he should say to the public that he disowns and repudiates the au thor, for its readers will feel that the paper may have been polluted by the touch of the blasphemer, whenever they take it up. We knew when we read it Mr. New ton did not write it. He now says he did not, and regrets its appearance in his columns. Electors Our good friend Hon. Stephen Miller with Clerk 'W. Thompson, Presiden tial Electors, is now in Saint Paul at the Merchant’s Hotel, where will he remain till after the meeting of the Elec toral College on the 6th of next month. We are gratified to learn that Mr. Miller is in good health. We often feared the arduous duties of his position as one of the Electors, and the earnestness and resolution with which he entered into the late canrass would sensibly impair hia health which was not good in the outset. We rejoice to know that our fears were ungrounded. He remains good for the 'continued championship of the good cause so near his heart. The Burch Divorce Case in Chicago is attracting much attention. The par ties are high In 4ife, and the develop ments ere of that peculiar nature inci dent to domestic difficulties The Chi cago papers arc filled with the details of the trial. Last Boat of the Season.—Wins low House, St Anthony. HOME AGAIN. From one of the river towns, wc took the Steamer War Eagle for St.jPaul. It was a bitter cold night—the 23d instant. There were a goodly number of passengers on board, all congratu lating themselves upon the good fortune of having reached the river just in time for the last trip of the latest Steamer— for such indeed it proved to be. And the War Eagle, upon her arrival in St. Paul, the following morning, spread her* gilded wingo, and, turning away from the thousand snow-birds of the chilly North, plumed her flight lor a less icy clime. It was a bright, cold morning that we landed in the Apostolic City, and the houses, yet in hoary frost, glit tered like gems in the early sunlight.— The Sauk Rapids stage coach had just left, and we were disappointed enough; for we had hoped to be at home ere the rising of another sun. But as frequent ly happens, this seeming misfortune proved a blessing in disguise. A short half hour afterwards found us at the far fameJ Winslow House, St. Anthony.— There the three days we had anticipat ed spending in weariness and waiting, passed so pleasantly in the most agree able and delightful company, as to leave us no regrets for the unavoidable delay. So well known is this favorite resort to those in search of good health and pleasure, that it would seem almost su perfluous to add our testimony in fa vor of its genial comforts and elegant appointments. Although we knew that it was unsurpassed this side of New York in its style and in the complete ness of all its arrangements, yet it gave us pleasure as a Minncsotian, that this House of which we are all so proud, should receive from visitors extensive ly travelled , both at home and abroad, the palm over all Western Ho tels. The gentlemanly proprintor, Mr. McLean, and his winning lady, seem gifted with the charm of rendering their House, at all seasons, unusually attrac tive. Messrs. Darrow and Bartlett, of ficers in the establishment, are always polite and attentive. Among all servi tors of tho household, there is never lack of accommodation and care. Dur ing the past summer, the Winslow has been filled to overflowing with Southern visitors, many of whom are expected to return the coming season. With such a delightful home ns this house affords— in the midst of scenery so beautiful and grand —in an atmosphere so exuberant and pure—it is not surprising that Southern and Eastern visitors should come not once, but many times. We are pleased to be once more at home, having enjoyed an agreeable vis it. We found little Arthur all smiles and tears, declaring his happiness by saying repeatedly he liked the day so well, he did not know what to do with it. With improved health and renewed hope, we seem to have touched upon the fountain of youth. We have reason to hopo for an early continuance of a correspondence with old friends. Minnie Marv Lee Peterson’s Magazine. We are in receipt of this popular Lady’s Magazine for December. It is a splendid number. “Peterson” has a circulation of 100,000. It will be greatly improved in 1861. It will con tuin 1000 pages of double column read ing matter; 14 steel plates; 12 colored steel fashion plates; 12 colored patterns in Berlin work, embroidery or crochet, and 800 wood engravings— proportiona tely more than any other periodical gives. Its stories and novelets are by the b st writers. Its fashion are always the la test and prettiest. Every neighborhood ought to make up a club Its price is but Two Dollars a year, or a dollar less than Magazines of its class Sub strib9 for it and save a "Dollar. To clubs it is cheaper still—viz; three copies for $5, or eight for $lO. To every person getting up a club, the Publisher will send a magnificent premium. Speci mens sent gratis to those wishing to get up clubs. Address post paid, CHARLES J. PETERSON 306 Chestnnt Street, Philadelphia The President’s Message will be de livered on the 3d day of the session.— Congress convenes on the first Monday of December. The political clouds por tend a storm. Dennison, of Ohio, ha 9 iss ued an address to the people of that State, recommending that contributions be takeu in the various churches of the State on Thanksgiving day, for the re lief of the suffering poor of Kansas.” The Use of the Mississippi Benton County, Nov.J29. *6O. To the Editor of the JVew Era: Dear Sir: —As you are pleased to put so indulgent, not to say flattering, an estimate on my simple lucubrations, I naturally feel all the mo-e disposed to address to my fellow citizeus, through your friendly columns, such thoughts as occur to me, on subjects of public in terest. It is not, I assure you, in any presumptous idea of superior knowledge or experience as compared with those who dwell around me, but on the con trary, with considerable diffidence, that I venture, as a stranger, on the forth coming remarks, which of course must be understood as subject to any reason able animadversion, from persons of greater local knowledge. But having spent several months this summer in lit erally nothing but observation and re flection, and naturally instituting in my own mind, if I thought the case admit ted it, a comparison between what I saw here and whnt 1 had seen in Eng land, one of the most interesting sub jects coming before me, was the capa bilities of the Mississippi. Perhaps my thoughts were drawn to it all the more from the bracing and re freshing influence on my physical frame of the daily cold baths which I took for several months, often, indeed, in one or other of the Lakes with which the coun try is dotted, but always preferring the river when within my reach—and one constantly recurring thought was, How comes it that this noble river is made so little use of? Certainly in England, with all its vast and intricate network of Railways, Rivers, and Canals, so obvi ous a highway would not be left, as the Upper Mississippi is left, in well nigh primeval solitude. Its surface would be covered with a vast number of craft, ranging from 100 tons to 300,and there by affording the cheapest possible mode of conveyance for all the internal traffic of the surrounding country • To speak of one English Rirer, of much about the same volume of water in its/otrer course as this in its upper, may perhaps be bet ter than mere generalizing. From Threwsburg to its mouth in the Brit ish Channel the river Severn affords the cheapest and most frequented highway for articles of heavy merchan dise for those countries through which its course runs. It is hardly ever that a Steamer is seen upon it—for the ob vious reason that goods requiring speedy transit go by Railway, but iron-ores, coals, dye-goods, heavy groceries etc., etc., arc towed up daily at far less than half the cost of Rail transit, in Hat Bot tomed and very broad Barges, drawn by one, two or three horse, against the current of the river. Now, the Severn, rising among the Welsh mountains, be tween 2000 and 3000 feet above the lev el of the sea, and having to make all that descent in somewhere about 350 miles, of which the lower 200 is naviga ble, unavoidably has a very strong cur rent, fully as strong in proportion to its extent as that of the Mississippi itself There are, moreover, numerous shallow places and numerous rapids. But the boats are constructed to draw so little water that they get along without diffi culty at all times, winter and summer, excepting now and then for a few days in an occasional flood, after having rains, or the melting of the winter snow. The river runs for the most part through a very narrow vallev, often hemmed in by steep rocks within a few yards of its banks. Sometimes the tow ing path for the horse is one side the river, sometimes on the other—it chang es according to the convenience of the ground—sometimes at a bridge, some times at a ferry, sometimes without either—but there are very few bridges there do not appear to me to be any greater difficulties to a Towing Boat on the Mississippi than were easily over ■ come, at very little expeuse, on the Severn. Now here, you have lumber at a third or a fourth the cost it is in Eng land, and skilled labor to build boats is little if any higher—and yet ths farm ers of the Upper Mississippi country must lose CO, 70 or 80 per cent of the market value of the wheat they raise, in the cost of carriage alone, and all be cause in point of fact there is no-organ ized system except the Teamsters, who can only Jug 25 to 30 cwt. over sandy and deep-rutted roads, and therefore charge enormously hign for it. With wheat 70 cents at Hastings, and 35 cents at St. Cloud, which the store keepers were giving iu September, it stands to reason that some remedy is needed, and without any disparagement to the great need-of the country, (viz., a line of Rail to Superior,) I will show in my next how and why I believe that wheat 'may be carried down the river from St. Cloud to Dubuque at a cost not exceeding 8 to 10 cents per bushel— which, if it can be done, certainly ought to be. Agricola. MINNESOTA LEGISLATURE SENATE. FIRST DISTRICT. James Smith, Jr., of St Paul. SECOND DISTRICT. J. K. Remer, of Washington. THIRD DISTRICT. Seth Gibbs, of Sterns. FOURTH DISTRICT. David Heaten, of Hennepin East. FIFTH DISTRICT. Mennepin West—R. J. Baldwin. SIXTH DISTRICT. Orlando Bennett, of Wright. SEVENTH DISTRICT. Dakota—Archibald M. Hayes. EIGHT DISTRICT Rice—M. Cook. NINTH DISTRICT. Goodhue—R, N. McLaren. TENTH DISTRICT. Wadashaw—John H. Pell. ELEVENTH DISTRICT. Winona—Daniel S. Norton TWELFTH DISTRICT. Olmsted—S. P. Jones. THIRTEENTH DISTRICT. Houston— Tomas Mcßoberls. FOURTHTEENTH DISTRICT. Fillmore—H. W. Holley. FIFTEENTH DISTRICT. Mower and Dodge —John W. Fake SIXTEENTH DISTRICT. George Watson,of Freeborn. SEVENTEETH DISTRICT. Samuel Barney of Blue Earth. eighteenth district. Scott—Thomas J. Galbraith. KIKETEETH DISTRICT. James W. Lynd. TWESTT-FIR9T DISTRICT. G. K. Cleveland, of Faribruit. TWENTIETH DISTRICT. John B. Sanborn of St. Paul. THE LINCOLN COLUMN We are able, in round numbers, to! present the vote of the various States that vote for Lincoln. The majorities will range considerably above the fig ures set down, but this will give our readers a general idea of the way the people have spoken for honest Abe: Massachusetts 70,000 Pennsy Ivania 05,000 New York 40,000 Ohio 40,000 Vermont 30,000 Maine 25,000 Michigan 20,000 Wisconsin 20,000 Indiana 15,000 Illinois 15,000 Connecticut 10,000 New Hamhshire 10,000 lowa 10,000 Rede leland 5,000 Minnesota 5,000 Total ........ The Excitement About the Banks. The real cause of the depreciation of the Illinois money comes from the fact that some of the Southern Bonds upon which the issue of the Illinois Banks are based, have dedreciated, and under the law the Auditor has called for ad ditional securities Most of the Banks are based on Missouri Bonds’ A call has been made on twenty-two Banks, of which all but seven have responded. The Bankers knowing this, have in ad vance thrown out the following: American Exchange Bank. Bank of Burura. Bank of the Commonwealth. Bank of Raleigh. Corn Exchange Bank. National Bank. State Bank of Illinois. The Secession Movement. Special Dispatch to the JV. F. Tribune. EHE SOUTHERN EXCITEMENT. Washingtof, Nov. 19.—Neither the official for private inteligence from Mex ico vvarrants the belief that there is to be any immediate improvement in the condition of affairs there. MR. BRECKINRIDGE TO BE CALLED OUT. Strong appeals will be made from Kentucky and the conservative interest in other ... Sounthern States, for Mr Breckinridge to attend and address the South Carolina Convenvention next month. As he was the candidate of that section, and enjoys its confidence, they could not refuse to hear him if he should consent, and in that way the judment of the people might be reached bo reasons they will never hear if a Convention is permitted to pursue its own reckless course. Mr, Bell is understood to be prepared to give the influence ofhi9 name and connsel to any proper Union demonstra tion in the South, and would doubtless, co-ope.ate with Mr. Breckiuridge in an endeavor to arrest the projected reuolu tions schemes of the Secessionists. is said that all the Presidents of the United States, except General Harrison,had blue eyes. Lincoln’s are blue. What Lincoln Says. A telegraphic despatch in the N. Y. Time», dated Springfield, Nov. 7, says. Mr. Lincoln has not yet given any public intimation as to the policy of his Administration. I have every reason to believe that he will not depart from the usual custom of newly elected Pres idents* In aswer to all inquiries as to what will be his course,he asks, ' Have you read ray speeches?” If the ques tion is st’ll pressed, he quietly hands over one of the pamphlet publications of his speeches in the late controversy with Mr. Douglas The general opinion here is, that something more serious than the present state of affairs will be required to elicit from Mr. Lincoln, at present, any fur ther declaration of principles, or an assurance that the South need fear nothing from his policy. PLANS OF THE DISUNIONISTS. Columbia, S. 8., Nov. 5, 1860 The Legislature met to-day. There j is an evident disposition to act instead of [talk. The Legislature organized and received the Governor’s message. 1 Therein he suggests that the Legislature shout'd, in view of the threatening as pect ofaffairs, remain in session, and, take action to prepare the Statu for the crisis. He earnstly recommends, in case Lincoln is elected, and immediate call of a Convention to determine the mode and measure ot redress. He says he, individually, considere secession the only alternative left; that the indi cations show the secession of South Carolina would instantly bring about that of the entire South; and that if the General^Goveinment attempts coercion, our solemn duty is to meet force; and he promises to carry out the Conven tion’s decision during the remainder of his term, regardless of hazard. He re commends military reorganization, and that every man in the State between the ages of eighteen and forty-five should be armed by the State with the most effectual weapons of modern warfare. He recommends raising immediately ten thousand voluuteers, to be !n readiness at the shortest notice, with other pre parations, concious that we are contend ing for our firesides. We may, says | the Governor, trust our cause to the ; keeping of the Suprene Disposer of 1 events. The mesage was made the special for Tuesday noon, and the Legislature, adjourned. The* conviction of the necessity of secession is hourly gaining ground.— j The federal officials of Charleston art said to have their resignations written. At the celebration in Savannah of the completion of the Charleston and Sav ann; h Railroad,the Mayor ol Savannah pledged 50,000. Georgians to rush to the assistance of South Carolina if coe rced. Collector Colcock of Charleston made an eloquent disunion speech. Mr., Buchanan was toasted as the last of an illustrious line. There is the greatest enthusiasm fur a Southern Confaderacy. Every hat has a cockade, and-nll minds aie re solved to fight. Columbia, Nov. 5—12 p in. A caucus was held to-night, at which it was a certained that a large majority of the Legislature arc for immediate secession by State action. An immense crowd assembled his evening, at the Congarce House, and serended Senator Chestnut. He spoke long and eloquently, declaring the last hope of the Union gone 'and resistance unavoidable, The peech was enthu siastically received, because Mr. Ches nut was hitherto uncommitted. It is rumored that Senator Hammond will follow suit. 370,000 Messrs, Bonham, Rhett, ex-Govcrnor Adams and others spoke also in the same strain. The Hon. Abriiam Lincoln, who will be the President elect of the United States, in a speech delivered at Leav enworth, Kansas, last winter, used the following language: You Democrats greatly fear that the success of the Republicans w ill destroy the Union. Why? Do the Republi cans declare against the Uuion? Noth-, ing like it. Your own statement of it is, that if the Black Republicans elect a President, you won’t stand it? You will break up the Union. That will be your act, not ours To justify it you must show that our policy gives you, just cause for such desperate action.! Can you do that? When you attempt it you will find our policy is exactly the policy of the men who made the Union., nothing more, nor nothirg less. Do you think you are justified to break up the Government rather than to have it administered by Washington, and other good and great men who made it, and who first administered it? If you do, you are very unreasonable, and more reasonable men cannot and will not sub mit to you. While we elect a Presi dent, it will be our duty to see that you submit. Old John Brown ha 9 been hung for treason against a State. We cannot object, even though slavery is wrong. That cannot exeuse violence, bloodshed and treason. It could avail him, nothing that he might think him self right. So, if constitutionally we elect a President, and therefore you undeitake to destroy the Union, it will be our duty to deal with you as Old John Brown has been dealt with. We can only do our duty, We hope and believe that in no section will a majority so act as to render such extreme meas ures necessary. THE NEW ERA. LOCAL. rHURSDAY, NOY. 29. 1860. CHARLES CRAWFORD WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DRUGGIST, St. Anthony, Minnesota. W. H . WOOD WILL PAT TAXES (a the Counties of Benton and Morriaox (0- LEGAL NOTICES must in all cases be paid (or before the expiration ot the tints lor which they arc to be published. S. M. P kttengill & Co., are anthorired Agents for this paper in Boston. McKillop Sc Wood are authorized to receive Subscriptions and Advertisements in New Yerk City. LR Ranstead is our Agent in Chicago. Stevens and L. M. Ford are publishing the Minnesota Farmer and Gardener —one of the best of Agricul tural papers in the West. They are rendering an important service to the people of Minnesota. fegr* Burbank St Co., commenced carrying the mail from LaCrosse to St. Paul on the 15th tf this month. Overcoats and fuis are in demand now, for Winter has come, in earnest. Warrants, 160 acres, are now selling in St. Paul for $145. Wheat is selling at 52 cts, oats 20c., rye 30c., corn 35c., potatoes 20., cranberries $2.50. Last Friday night was very cold. \N e do not want to see nny colder night in a mouth. It was a winter, winter night, i We were equally pleased and surprised last Monday to meet on the .treet in St. Cloud, Col Wm. A. Ca nuTHERs of Tennessee, but formerly Register of the St. Cloud Land Offico. The Colonel looks ns natural as life, but to all appearance decidedly improv ed in health. May his sojourn among us be long and pleasant. feQ' Mr. Burbank informed us when last at his store in St. Cloud, that the up freight ofthe Hudson's Bay Compa ny would next year, in all probability, be double that of the past season. One of the Directors of the Company who is expected to succeed Sir George Simp son as Governor, so informed Mr. Bur hank. He thinks the freight will amount to 506 tons each year for the next three years Messrs. Bui bank k Co , our readers know, have the con tract for three years. The contract could not have been placed in better or safer bands. Our friend P Lamb, Esq , of St. Cloud, will now be found in the Book Store formerly kept by Mr. Aball. Mr. Lamb is popular wherever he is, and will, we doubt not, meet with abundant success in his new business. Call and see him. fe?* Arthur’s Home Magazine for December is upon our tabic—a charm ing number of that most interesting Ma gazine. Arthur never wearies in his efforts to please and interest his read ers, Terms, £,2 in advance. Address T. S. Arthur 8c Co., 2*23 Walnut street, I Philadelphia. 0 Jgj?f*GoDEY’v Lady’s Book has been received. As purely a Lady's Book it is unsurpassed for its choice reading— its elegant plates—and latest fashions. Terms $3 a year. Address L. A. Go dey, Philadelphia. Magazine for Decem ber. Of the sterling excellence of this work we can add nothing to what we have hitherto said. All who like solid and scholarly writing, should have Harper. Terms $3 a year. Address Harper &. Brothers, New York. You will find at the Pionee r Store,St. Cloud, Kelley’s Melalie Polish, an entirely new discovery by our old friend Col O. H. Kelley of North Wood in this State. We have tried it, even on the razor-strop, and it gives a re markably fine edge to the razor. Price 10 cents a paper. It gives a brilliant polish to gold, sil ver, and copper, tin and Britania. It is recommended by scientific men as a most valuable discovery. CaU at Robbers and get a paper The Grist Mill at this place is doing a good business these days. Car ry your Wheat there and they will give you prime flour in return, and a barrel to every five bushels. *