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Morris tribune. [volume] (Morris, Minn.) 1880-2000, July 25, 1903, Image 1

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Rome, July 24—All day the form of
Leo XIII. lay In state in the basilica
of St. Peter's, while thousands of
persons from the ordinary walks of
life filed past to pay their last tributes
of love and veneration. The impres
sive ceremonies of Wednesday were
viewed by only a favored few of the
nobility, aristocrats and the highest
clergy, but Thursday the doors were
opened to the entire public. Many re
mained on the piazza throaghout the
hot night in order to gain a place at
the head of the line. By 5 o'clock in
the morning there was a crowd of sev
eral hundred, which had increased by
6 o'clock to several thousand. Elab
orate preparations had been made to
guard against accidents in the crush.
All converging streets were cleared of
vehicles, leaving them free for foot
passengers, while six ambulance sta
tions had been erected, including one
at the entrance to the piazza and an
other beside the door of St. Peter's.
Exactly at 6 o'clock the bells of the
great cathedral began tolling mourn
fully and two regiments of Italian
grenadiers marched smartly across
the piazza to the stone steps and soon
the east poitico swarmed for the first
time in years with Italian troops—300
on the portico and 1,200 surrounding
the colonnades. They stood in double
column at parade rest, the lines ex
tending from the threshold of the
church through a narrow gateway of a
temporary wooden structure whitih was
holding back the crowd.
Gate Opened to the Crowd.
At 6:05 the gate was opened and the
human tide began to flow in. The jam
at the narrow entrance soon became
ternfic, threatening serious results to
the struggling mass of half fainting
women and children. Although the
crowd was not extraordinarily large
the steady movement into the funnel
like enclosure made the pressure ter
rific. Many women had their dresses
or veils torn off and some were lifted,
exhausted, over the wooden enclosure
and out of the crush. Fortunately
there were no serious accidents and the
ambulances were not summoned.
Within the church temporary rail
ings had been erected to keep the peo
ple in a straight line leading directly
to the bier. This was the center to
which all eyes turned. The body lay
on a catafalque ten feet high so that
all could see it. It was slightly in
clined, with the head raised and fac
ing the passing throng. The visage had
a chalky whiteness and appeared to be
unnaturally shriveled. It was robed
in the full vestments as the Roman
public knew the pontiff in life. Around
the bier burned thirteen high candles,
while on each side stood the noble
guards, motionless. Further back
were kneeling priests and acolytes,
softly intoning invocations.
All Classes Represented.
All ranks and stations of life were
represented in the throng. Many were
working people there also were groups
of convent girls under the c$,re of
nuns, and of schoolboys headed by
At 9:30 a. m. a solemn pontifical
requiem mass was celebrated in St.
Peter's for the repose of the soul of
Leo XIII. The crowd was kept con
etantly moving within the wooden bar
riers, but other entrances were pro
vided for those desiring to assist at
the mass on the other side of the
church. Several thousand persons
were present, although in so vast a
church, capable of containing 70,000,
they appeared to be a mere handful,
especially as they were all standing.
During the hot hours of the day the
crowd at St. Peter's decreased and lit
tle difficulty was experienced in view'
ing the body.
An extraordinary significant element
was introduced later in the morning
by Italian soldiers entering the church
for the maintenance of order, in full
uniform, wearing their caps and Bide
,arms. They lined the aisles of thg
basilica and stood two deep in front
of the body itself until the whole
church assumed an aspect almost more
Wlitary than religious.
The event, which Was unprecedented,
created widespread comment.
Government Launch Wrecked Off the
Coast of Maine.
Biddeford, Me., July 24.—A govern
ment launch, which was being run
from the Charleston navyyard to Port
land by Lieutenant George Stevens
and seven men of the Portland naval
reserve, struck on the southerly point
of Beach island, at the pool, and is a
wreck on the rocks. A boat from the
Biddeford Pool lifesaving station
brought ashore the crew of the launch
without difficulty.
Jett and White at Cynthiana.
Lexington, Ky., July 24.—Curtis Jett
and Thomas White, indicted for the
murder of J. B. Marcum at Jackson,
who have been in jail here, were quiet
ly removed from the Fayette county
jail during the day and taken to Cyn
thiana, where they are to be tried by
Judge Osborne July 27.
Member of International Peace Court
Expires Suddenly.
New York, July 24.—Frederick W
Holls, secretary of the American dele
gation to The Hague peace conference
and more recently member of the inter
national court, died suddenly during
the day at his home in Yonkers.
Mr. Hollf died of heart disease. He
was in usual health the previous day
and arose in the morning feeling all
right. He proceeded to take his morn-
w. HOIXflL
ing bath and his delay in leaving the
bathroom attracted attention. A serv
ant finally opened the door and found
him dead in the bathtub.
Frederick W. Holls was born at Ze
lienople, Pa., July 1, 1857, was gradu
ated from Columbia college in 187t
and studied also at the University of
Liepsic. Ke was a delegate at large
to the constitutional convention in
1894, member of the peace conference
at The Hague from the United States
in 1899 and was recently member of
the international court. He was the
author of a number of books, including
a history of the peace conference at
The Hague and numerous lectures and
essays on political subjects.
Minnesota Officers Save Negro From
Being Strung
Glencoe, Minn., July 24.—A thousand
angry and excited men and boys made
a second attempt to lynch Joseph
Scott, the negro who murderously as
saulted Minnie Olson at Wat3on.
Sheriffs Hartley and McKenzie at
tempted to take the negro from Glen
coe to the Montevideo jail and sue
ceeded in getting him as far as Minne
sota Falls, when the mob caught up.
Here the mob demanded the pris
oner and the sheriffs, realizing that
to remain on the train was useless,
drew their revolvers and made a dash
forv.a livery stable. The howling mass
of humanity followed into the stable
and while the horses were being
hitched for the flight of the sheriffs
with their prisoner a hand-to-hand
fight ensued.
Seizing the opportunity of a lull in
the fight, while the mob leaders were
consulting, the sheriffs dashed out of
the barn with their prisoner in the
rig. They started on the road to Glen
coe, with the howling mob in full pur
The mob followed, but could not keep
up the terrific pace set by the sher
iffs. They reached Olivia in safety
and got their prisoner into the jail.
Warrants for Railroad Clerks,
Niagara Falls, N. Y., July 24.—War
rants have been issued for the arrest
of twenty New York Central railroad
clerks in connection with the robbing
of freight cars. Six clerks were arrest
ed some time ago on the same charge*
and five pleaded guilty.
George Alfred Townsend's Sketch
of His Useful Life.
His Influence Upon Religion and Ed
ucation—A Christian Gentleman,
a Superior Magistrate and a Be*
loved Head of the Church.
Few men have left a greater or more
astlng Impress upon the age in which
chey lived than did Leo XIII., who has
lust passed away at the Vatican, ex
hibiting in his closing hours such phys
cal vitality, mental vigor, moral cour
ige and spiritual serenity as come rare
y in human experience.
Pope Leo's place in history will be
pith that of the greatest and most be
lignant of the Roman pontiffs. It may
?e doubted if any of those who wore
jefore him the mantle of St. Peter ev
succeeded in captivating the imagi
nation and interest of the civilized
world as did the late pope. None of the
valiant old men of his generation—
wither Gladstone nor Bismarck—made
touch a wonderful impression as did the
aged Leo. He possessed a marvelous
(Individuality, which was heightened by
jhis remarkable vigor and tenacity in
bid age. At ninety, when he gave Ben
Hamin Constant a sitting for his por
prait, the French painter was aston
Islied at the brilliancy of his intellect
[Yet with serene poise and strength he
Ipassed on for three years more to his
jubilee, retaining for more than a quar
•ter of a century that papal power
Iwliieh, it was supposed, was conferred
jfor only a short time upon a feeble old
Imun in 1878. He proved one of the
strongest in physical endurance as well
is in mental qualities that had ever
jecn elevated to the i.apal throne.
As the head of the Catholic church
the achievements of Leo XIII. are
memorable. Even those not in the Ro
hian communion freely admitted his
reatness, while to the devout Catholic
le was the personification of goodness
He was both statesman and priest, and
his views, like his ambitions, were of
the widest. His services as papal nun
'cio at Brussels gave him that stamp of
'the diplomat which never left him. In
Iclose touch with the affairs of many
nations, his extraordinary memory, his
fresh and earnest interest In the on-go
ings of the world, made his contribu
tions to passing history of peculiar sig
nificance and value.
In America the late pope seemed to
take an especially vivid interest, which
Was evinced in wise counsels to his
people in this country on many occa
sions. To the republican form of gov
ernment he showed himself a good
friend upon more than one occasion
In his encyclicals on socialism is seen
how his sympathy for the struggling
find aspiring masses was balanced by
Ihis fine sense of the necessary order
and stability of society. His refined in
tellect, his simplicity of life, his unaf
fected piety, all exalted to eminence by
liis extraordinary career, made him an
Inspiring personage even to those who
did not recognize him as a spiritual
ruler and teacher, and Protestants as
Well as Catholics mourn his death.
The story of the pope is an exceeding
ly simple and pretty one. He has been
though the pontiff, as It is called, of
the most ancient ecclesiasticism in west
ern Europe—an excellent citizen of our
later world. He has been a good mag
istrate, a superior pastor, a gentleman
and, it may be added, a prince. He was
n prince in nature before he was either
jnrdinal or pope.
From the time be was elected pope the
city of Rome has been in the occupa
tion of the king of Italy and has Indeed
been the political capital of Italy, the
laws of that kingdom paying no atten
tion to the previous laws and formali
ties which the secular state supplanted.
But the influence of the pope as a spirit
of education and of light has extended
to the most remote portions of the
Above all other popes, and somewhat
beyond his own record in earlier life,
Leo XIII. has been a liberal politician.
He has hailed the future rather than
deplored the loss of the past. He has
been one of the captains in the move
ment for universal education and has
striven to make education and morals
confide in each other. Not a single
scandal from Rome in his papacy has
been conveyed to the world. lie has
shown a friendly disposition to the
world and could himself take place in
almost any learned faculty or congress
fc hold his own. in general knowledge
scientists, bdlles-lettrgB men and
Elected pope in February, 1878, he
was then almost sixty-eight years of
age, and he had been for thirty-two
years the archbishop of one quiet city,
Perugia, which once belonged to the
papal states, but stood high among the
old Italian republics or feudalities for
its painters and men of gifts. This re
gion, generally called Umbrla, pro
duced the highest triumphs of art in
Raphael. In Perugia and its province
the archbishop was as distinctly the
foremost citizen or subject as the late
Phillips Brooks undoubtedly was in
Boston or Henry Ward Beecher in
He was born at a mountain town in
the Apennines, not far from Rome,
called Carpineti, on March 2, 1810. To
this little "place of about 5,000 people
his ancestors had been expelled from
Siena about 350 years before. They
urere nobles In Siena, but had taken
part against their countrymen when
i he Medici of Florence resolved to
conquer and annex Siena. This inde
pendent republic, inspired with pas
donate hatred against Florence, made
a memorable defense, but the odds
rere too strong.
Retiring into the state of the church,
the pope's family, named Pecci (pro
nounced Pechi), formed new friend
hips, and the pope's father was a count
who either volunteered or was drafted
into Napoleon's service when he over
i in Italy. The pope's mother was ft
ountess, who brought property to her
They lived in what Is called a palace
in Italy, a large building rising from
tie rocks, two stories and an attic high,
,,'ith flowers and terraces about its
base. It appears that the pope during
all his life has known no want, but has
njoyed a private revenue such as a
gentleman of noble descent would be
apt to have in any country who had
kept his estates.
He was born after the French repub
licans had overrun Italy and been ev
erywhere victorious and the greatest
change had taken place not only in the
Italian people, but even in the priest
The pope himself, Pius VII., had been
taken captive from Rome to France
and was only returned to Rome at the
fall of Napoleon in 1814. He restored
the Jesuits, who were the secular school
masters within the church, but they
had fallen under the hostility of severa'
of the kings and been for some tim«
suppressed. Upon their return they
opened schools and gave the city of
Rome something of its old clerical and
literary character.
In 1817 the late pope's mother took
her sons to Rome and the next year
put them at school at Viterbo, a city o^
a hill but a few hours' carriage rid"
from Rome. This lady belonged to one
of the orders of the Franciscans and
when she died was buried in their
brown cloak and cord. Her death was
nearly at the same time with that of
Pius VII.
The next pope, Leo
The name of the pope was Joachim
Vincent Raphael Lodovico Pecci. He
always went by the name of Vincent
Pecci until at a certain period after his
mother's death, when he became gen
erally known as Joachim Pecci.
He became fluent in the Latin and
wrote verses and orations in it and
gained prizes. After his mother's death
he lived with his uncle in the Muti
palace in Rome. He somewhat knew
Pope Leo XII. and chose his papal
name with reference to that prelate.
He matriculated in 1830, graduated a
doctor of theology in 1832, which was
the time that he adopted the name of
Joachim, and he entered tbe diplomatic
class In the university called Sapienza,
or Wisdom, in Rome. Among his
friends and classmates were such no
bles as Duke Sforza of the old Milan
He was acquainted with Leo, as well
as with Pius VIII., who lived but a
short time, and then came Gregory
XVI., in whose household he was one
of the prelates.
He first attracted special attention
during the cholera in Rome in 1837,
when he was twenty-seven years old
He had nerve in an unusual degree,
and his intrepid services among the
cholera stricken people marked him
among the more timid ecclesiastics as
a man who could be of use to them in
the dangerous condition of the country.
Made a full priest in the Church of
St. Stanislaus, in Rome, Joachim Pecci
was made at the age of twenty-eight
governor of Benevento, a small state in
Naples about seven miles square and
only a day's journey from that city.
Benevento had given the title of Prince
of Benevento to Talleyrand, the cele
brated French diplomatist, who in his
early life had been a Catholic bishop.
The little state was full of reaction
pry guerrillas and brigands. The young
ruler went there under the general ex
nectntlon that he would be the victim
of violence. Fortunately for him, he
was almost immediately taken ill with
the typhoid fever, and his death was
supposed to be certain. This calamity
softened the nature of the people, and
they began to talk about this intellectu
al young priest who had exposed his
life in Rome to the pestilence. Instead
of antagonizing him they formed pro
cessions and went to public prayers in
his behalf, and when he recovered it
was looked upon as in the nature of a
They were mistaken, however, as to
his worldly force.
There lived in a mountain fastness in
the state a celebrated brigand named
Pasquale Colletta, who had a band of
fourteen murderers, and they had com
mitted every species of offense. The
priest governor laid his plans well, and
one day the people were surprised to
see come into the town, manacled and
under guard, the chief of the band and
out as an educator. The Jesuits' college
was opened in Rome in 1824 with 1,400
Btudents, and among these were th*
two Pecci boys, of whom Joseph was a
Jesuit. He-was three -years older than
his brother. These boys went home to
their mountain town on holidays, and
the pope was an active hunter and
fowler In the mountains. Rome was to
them like any American city to a fami
ly which liv^d in the neighboring coun
try and spent the winters in the city.
Tust telephone to No. 33
and see how quickly the
team will be there.
every one of his myrmidons. In spite
of their threats, promises and penitence
they were executed
Pecci now turned his attention to the
lawless nobles who had countenanced
puch trespasses, and when one of these
undertook to browbeat him and threat
ened to go to Rome and have him re
called the governor said, "Marquis, be
fore you get to the Vatican you shall
pass through the castle of St. Angelo."
This was the state prison at Rome, and
its name was ominous.
A feeling grew that this young man
had special powers with the pope. Evil
doers hastened to get out of his territo
ry or make their peace.
He searched the lawless castles, be
gan to build good roads, examined and
lowered the taxes, made, the collec
tion of the revenue effective, and thus
spent nearly three years making an or
derly state out of a most disorderly
Pope Gregory now recalled him to
Rome and appointed him governor of
Perugia, where he will always be re
membered as one of the wisest »n
who ever took charge of her fortunes.
This city stands near Assisi, where Is
the monastt -y founded by St. Francis.
It was full of Mazzini's revolutionary
The object the papal authorities had
was the suppression of these plotting
spirits by P^cci, but he commenced in o
different way.
Finding that the city was on a high
mound or cone above a plain or marsh
and had a road to it so steep that no
vehicle cou'd climb it without the aid
of many yokes of oxen, the new gov
ernor set to work and in twenty days
built a graded road up the height, ov"
which in a Mttle while rode the pop'
much to his wonder and satisfaction.
The pope -vas so delighted with his
young engineer governor, then age''
thirty-one, hat he said as he left a
number of presents to be distribute^
I will remenber you, my friend, when
I get to Rome."
In the meantime Pecci founded a sav
ings bank 1^ Perugia and himself sub
scribed larp^ly to the stock and bege
to set up er^ellent schools. The .pe
pie felt tha* a friend and not.an£n,.
my had core among them.
Just as he had accomplished remark
able things in that city the pope i
solved to serd him as nuncio, otherwise
minister, to Belgium, which had not
long before been separated from He'
land by a revolution and created into a
new monarchy. Belgium had only
been free fr^m Holland about thirteen
years. The people were Catholics.
•, -if, 1
Minif Bistgr jcalSocflty 6
We'll have the buggy-
there when you want
it. No work for you
Just place your order.
Boarding and Livery
$1.50 PER YEAK
/r V
e e v e
Everything n tbe line
of building material,
builder's hardware,
paints aod oils at my
yard near the Great Nor
thern depot. Your pat
ronage solicited.
/^orris, A\ii70.
while those of Holland had been Prot
estants. Other than church differences
existed between them. The Dutc
were unimaginative and penurious ai
hard taskm sters. The Belgians ha^
an antiquity of turbulent freedom an
loved the arts and joys.
At thirty ree Archbishop recci, as
he now wa appeared in Brussels ac
credited to ing Leopold, who was tbe
uncle of th' royal family of England.
An interesting account of his gentle
yet democratic intercourse is to bn
found in th- "Life of Charles Lever,
the novelist, who at that time lived in
Brussels and was writing some of his
novels. He and the future pope be
came warm friends. So did the king
and queen take most cordially to the
He busied himself mainly in rearing
up the Catholic schools and universi
ties of Belgium, which had gone into a
decline. His acuteness on political af
fairs was such that Leopold one day
said to him, "You are as clever a poli
tician as you are a bright churchman."
Always moderate and always learn
ing, Archbishop Pecci was also active
for his church and raised money in Bek
jium to found a college in Rome to ed
icate the priests of that country.
Before he returned to Rome in 1846:
he visited London with letters to Vic
toria and Albert and was by them well*
entertained, and he mingled among the
best people in England and took close
observations upon the country. This:
species of intercourse no doubt broad
ened his mind and made him see that
the modern world could not be reduccd
to the hag gard outlines of Italy.
Prom London he went to France awJS.

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