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Concluded fr«m pag# 7. tiol(ler3 woUi»i be contr: u£ed for po lit 1c«l campaign purposes. Electric Traction Deal. The varioiis electric light plants and lnterurban railways operating through mt central Kentucky have been feought and consolidated at a cost of $10,000,000 by J. Levering Jones and T. M. Chandler & Co. of Philadelphia EDUCATIONAL School Board Its Own Builders. The School Journal is authority for the statement that the Chicago board ef education has decided to free itself from the contractors by undertaking the construction of its own school build lugs. In addition to this the board i considering the practicability of equip In# the buildings from the school work •hops. Already in its repair shops tht board has begun to manufacture desks, blackboards and other school furniture University Emulates College. President Harper of the Universltj ot Chicago has announced a plan for the reorganization of the. junior col leges and they division into small col leges to be known as colleges of art, literature, scieuce and philosophy. iJ7\ each of which there will be separate colleges for men and women. The idea of thin policy is to secure that more in timate association between professor and student which constitutes the chier attraction of the small colleges. A New Writing Method. A new method of teaching penman •hip in the classroom has been adopted la the schools of Newark, N. J., says the Newark News. In place of the old blank copy books the writing Instructor baa prepared an original set of letter cards containing capitals, small letters and figures, which are fastened to the blackboard in each room. These will be constantly before the children while the teacher gives instruction In for ward slant writing. A§ainst Harvard-Tech. Merger. The Massachusetts supreme court bas ruled that the Massachusetts In stitute of Technology could not use more than one-third of its estate in Boston for building and could not sell the property under the grant of 1862. This conflicts with the projected merg ing of the institute with Harvard uni versity, as the property of the former was to be sold after the merger was effected. S I E N I I #foeovery Concerning Pearls. The time honored notion that pearls •re formed about an intruding grain of jtand Is not bocne out by the official report of Professor Herdman's investi gations into the Ceylon pearl fisheries. He finds that in the majority of cases pearls are formed by the deposition of nacre around the dead bodies of spherical larvae of the small marine tape worm which Infects the Ceylon pearl oyster. In other cases the irri tant body is a small crystal found in certain mussels. #trange Earthquake Results. In the extreme southern province of Italy, where the recent disastrous earthquakes have occurred, It is noted that certain wells which have never fcnawn to fail are drying up, while jtfhera are overflowing, some producing &ot water. The valleys are bringing l&jHa new springs and water courses. $3§ms of an Unknown Race. An idol of stone, apparently a war god of some prehistoric race, has been •ent from Salt Lake City to the Smith aanlan institution at Washington. It waa found recently by W. L. Bachtell "l» a cave high on a cliff side where the Jtackskln mountains rise to a height of 20,000 feet above the desert at the Colorado canyon's northern rim. The 4gure was cut from stone presumably with chisels of copper hardened by a process known to the ancient Egyp tians and lost for hundreds of years. The cave in which the idol was found Was closed at its mouth and accidental ly discovered by a prospector digging •f&r copper. Numerous implements and fressels were also found, different in form from those of Indian, Aztec or •cliff dwellers. Hoth Pest Imminent. Entomologists who are studying the 4Both situation in Massachusetts pre •t that the brown tail variety, which been torturing humanity in that Is sure to spread eventually to gulf of Mexico and constitute liiin melt a national pest. The gypsy moth, f#r the extermination of which the estate spent $1,260,000, is also spread ing again, the work of stamplng' bM ®v» having been suspended Jijfr lack appropriation. The chief '.damage -«mmght by the brown tall moth is the -destruction of all kinds of trees and .^jAnibs by defoliation. When they iOMae in contact with human flesh yinfill nettling follows as the result -tiny hairs working into the flesh like .~vfg»erc«pine needles. Many cases of poi t&i&m have been reported. heredity's Secret Solved. JJr. Tbeobald Smith, orofesaor of comparative pathology at Harvard, says that while experimenting with the blood -of horses in making serum it was found that the red corpuscles from some horses showed a greater resist ance than those of other horses. From repeated tests this variation was found to be constant. This discovery is be lieved to be of the utmost importance as bearing on the problem of heredity, as from the same horse the red cor puscles always developed the same re sistance or vitality. New Mental Measurement. The discovery has been made by E. H. Muller of Zurich, Switzerland, that «feafHges in the physical state -of the body corresponding to mental proc esses are electrical and hence suscepti ble to great accuracy of measurement. This Is on the authority of Dr. Albert Grandwitz, in the Scientific American. It was already known that mental processes are attended by physical al terations. For instance, excitemenjt raises the temperature of the blood, while fear and anxiety lower it Mr. Muller finds that the conductivity of the body undergoes great variations according to the hour of the day and the state of the mind. MISCELLANEOUS Dan Patch Lowers Record. At Allentown, Pa., Sept. 21, I)ah Patch broke two world's records amid the enthusiasm of 100,000 spectators, going a mile in 2:01 fiat, driven by M. C. Hershey. The great pacer also went a mile to wagon in 2:05, the previous record of 2:lli4 having been held by his sire, Joe Patch en. Libraries Bar Bernard Shaw. On the say so of Arthur E. Bostwick, head of the circulation department of New York city's free libraries, "Man and Superman" and other works by G. Bernard Shaw have been relegated to the restricted shelves, where they are not obtainable by the general reading public. His reason for this action is that Shaw attacks existing social con ditions. Accidents. The seismic disturbances in southern Italy continued, and all of the existing volcanos are active. Lava from Stroin boli is flowing into the sea. Relief sub scriptions throughout Italy have now amounted to $500,000, and the Red Cross has sent shelter tents for 2,000 homeless persons into the stricken dis trict of Calabria. The German authorities are having success in their efforts to check the spread of cholera, but the disease has broken out at Lodz, Poland. In a head-on collision between' a Reading pay train and a passenger train at Farnitz, Pa., Sept. 21 six per sons were killed and twenty injured. Five thousand persons were envel oped in the folds of the great tent of the Ilingling Bros', circus which col lapsed in a windstorm at Maryville, Mo., and in the ensuing panic one man was killed and hundreds were injtired. The list of dead from the explosion and fire in the plant of the Climax Fuse company at Avon, Conn., reached eleven. Floods in the Missouri valley have been disastrous to the corn crop in many places. Deaths. George MacDonnld, the famous Eng lish novelist, best known for his story entitled, "The Annals of a Quiet Neigh borhood," died at London, Sept. 18, aged eighty-one. General Isaac Jones Wistar, the dis tinguished civil war veteran, scientist and philanthropist, died at Philadel phia, Sept. 18, at the age of seventy eight. INDUSTRIAL Peat as a Fuel. Experiments being made at Lexing ton, Mass., with peat as a fuel for lo comotives and general manufacturing Industries are proving successful, and it is predicted that a period of new commercial possibilities is at hand. The Boston and Maine railroad is using big quantities of peat In its en gines on short runs, with satisfying results. The inventor of the apparatus for preparing peat says his discovery will revolutionize manufacturing in districts far from coal fields. The ad vantages over coal are more heat, low er cost and much less smoke. The one disadvantage is that coal and peat can not be used together. It must be one or the other. Peat, which has long been used in Europe, is made from vegetable deposits, dug out of swamps and dried into briquettes that are most as hard as coal. No disfiguration of the earth occurs, as the holes fill im mediately and add to the number of the state's beautiful lake*. African Cotton Fails. A report issued by the (fepartment of commerce and labor shows that the result of the attempt to grow cotton in West Africa has been very discour aging owing to the absence of trans portation and the lack of laboc^ Baggage Cars Next to'-Engine#Vv_ of With a view to lessening the danger Injury to passengers in the event of a collision, the Pennsylvania railroad! officials have ordered thai: baggage the locomotive lh nikking up passenger-trains. This rule holds whether the car is needed for baggage or not. Always a baggage car must be attached to the locomotive. In the case of combination cars the baggage end must be at the frrifil Qoed Foresters In Demand. The forestry service has issued a bulletin stating that good positions await trained foresters and that the demand for them Is constantly increas ing both for public and private work. During the last year seven of the bu the morris TRIBUNE. SA reau's force have left to take up work with private owners, and four other,1! have accepted public positions in dif ferent states. A New Hudson Tunnel. The incorporation of the intetofiate Tunnel Railway company of New Jer sey calls attention to the purpose for which it was organized—namely, to construct a tunnel under the Hudson to a terminal at Chambers street, be tween Broadway and the Brooklyn fridge terminal, for the use of surface electric lines in nprthern N e J. B. McDonald. w Jersey. With this tyjihel complet ed, the Public Service system announces Its Intention to add a high speed di rect line from Newark which will deliver pas sengers at the New York city hall In fifteen minutes. Ar rangements have also been made for a joint passenger station at Jersey City which will enable the Erie rail way to transfer its passengers to the tunnel line. It is estimated that the train time between Jersey City and the New York terminal will not ex ceed five minutes. Applications for the necessary rights will be made to the rapid transit commission at once. The tunnel company has an authorized capital of $7,500,000, and its line will -extend one and a third miles and sev enty feet below mean high water mark. John B. McDonald, who built the Man hattan subways, is among the incor porators. The move is believed to be a part of the war between the trolley systems and the Pennsylvania railroad. ROSE DEFIES GRAND JURY MAYOR OF MILWAUKEE TELLS OF HIS APPEARANCE BE FORE THAT BODY. Milwaukee, Sept. 29.—Mayor Rose had no hesitation in announcing what he told the grand jury when ques tioned by that body. From his ac count he practically read the riot act to the inquisitors and defied them to bring an indictment against him if they could. He discussed the street railway franchise of 1900 and tiie contracts for asphalt pavements and indulged in sharp comments against District At torney McGovern and his assistant, Henry F. Cochems. No mention was made of gambling. "I told them," said the mayor, "that I was sick and tired of having impu tations made against my character and honesty, that it had been fre quently commented about the city that 1 had received all the way from $30,000 to $75,000 in North American stock for my part in the passage of the street railway franchise and I do not know how much more. "I told them that if they could find one scintilla of evidence to that effect, or any similar effect, for God's sake indict me and end all this indiscrim inate talk. "I told the jury that I would like the opportunity to tell them all about miy connection with the case. Several of the jury expressed the desire to hear my story and I told it at length." WOMAN FOUND GUILTY. Jury Returns Verdict of Manslaughter Against Squaw. Ashland, Wis., Sept. 29.—The jury In the Smart murder case acquitted John Smart but found his wife Char lotte guilty of manslaughter in the second degree, the pendity'fOr I Which is from four to seven years in state's prison. The evidence plainly showed that Tom Smart was killed by repeat ed blows on the head, struck by Char lotte Smart with a hammer. There was no premeditation. The killing was the outcome of a drunken quarrel over trivial matters indulged in by the Smart brothers and the two wo men who were with them, Charlotte Smart and Lucy Cloud. All the par ties concerned were Indians, living on the Odanah reservation. DEMAND INCREASED WAGE8. Seven Thousand New York Painters Threaten to Strike. New York, Sept. 29.—Seven thou sand painters connected with the United Brotherhood of Painters, Dec orators and Paperhangers, who have presented a demand to the Master Painters' association for an increase In wages of 50 cents a day each, threaten a general strike. Plain painters are now receiving (3.50 a- day and ornamental pointers get $4.' The demand will be placed before the general arbitration board of the building trades with a request that *t be conceded within ten days. FOR MARRYING A NEGRO. Miafeisjripio White Woman Given Ten Years in Prison. Magnolia, Miss., Sept. 2d.—Bessie Perkins, a white woman, has been sentenced to ten years in the peniten tiary for marrying and living with a negro named Robert Brown. Judge Wilkinson, in passing sentence, said tie regretted that he could make the punishment no heavier. The woman declared that she did not know Brown was a negro. Brown has left tie country. URDAY, SEPTEMEER 30 1905 NEWSOFSCANDINAVIA R«cent Occurrence# of Interest Th Sweden, Norway and Denmark ALL EYES TURN TO KARLSTAD Conference Between Norway »nd Sweden Gives Promise of End ing Moat Amicably. EDEN. Stockholm. All eyes are turned t® Karlstad, where the Swedish and Norwegian delegates are endeavoring to settle their troublesome differences. To judge from recent dispatches the two countries are' approaching an agree ment. The main point of dispute seems to be the disposal of the frontier fortresses and the right of the Swed ish Laplanders to pasture their deer in Norway during certain seasons of the year. It, is believed in many cir cles that this question will be settled much sooner than that of the demoli tion of the fortresses. It is further understood that as a basis of agree ment Sweden has promised to sign an arbitration treaty as soon as Norway is recognized as a separate state, while Norway agrees to destroy all the new frontier fortifications. Said Professor Hjarne in a recent in terview: "In allowing the Norwegian fortresses to stand, Sweden has given in to a certain extent. A zone of neu trality on the frontier has been es tablished, however, so that Sweden has gained her main point. Under the new arrangement Norway's line of frontier defenses will be broken and Sweden at most will have only to con struct fortresses outside the zone of neutrality opposite Kongsvinger and Fredriksten. At any rate the riksdag will soon be summoned to ratify the Karlstad settlement." A Swedish-German commercial al liance is about to be formed and lead ing German business houses have sent their representatives to Sweden with a view of formulating such an alliance, which would undoubtedly be of much value to both countries. Sweden's trade with Germany is steadily increasing, especially is this true of the iron exports. It is also believed that it is Sweden's purport to joint with Germany against the overwhelming inroads of the Ameri can export trade to the two countries. The report that the powers had made representations to Sweden ap pears to be based on the fact that Great Britain, France and Germany offered their friendly services if nec essary. It is a well known fact that King Edward is especially friendly to Sweden, the two royal houses having recently been united* by the marriage" of Prince Gustaf Adolph to Princess Margareth. The candidature of a prince of the house of Bernadotte for the Norwegian throne is now considered to be set aside. It is believed that the Nor wegians will turn to Prince Charles of Denmark, who will undoubtedly be chosen king of Norway. There are many people in Sweden, however, who believe that Norway will" declare herself a republic. The Ringlinien, which comprises a network of electric lines in the city, is doing an excellent business. The electric cars were introduced only about two years ago and have proven to be of immense benefit to the Stock holm public. Only a limited speed and a limited number of passengers are allowed. Count Oscar Frolich died very sud denly on his estate at Djursholm week before last. He was born in 1828 and was a son of Count G. E. Frolich. for many years a landshofding In Stock holm "len." The deceased leaves a wife and four children, the oldest son being a prominent banker of Stock holm. Professor France von Scheele of TJp sala university has been appointed in spector of the public schools of Stock holm. The new inspector is an ex perienced educator, having been iden tified with educational work during the past twenty-five years. He was born in 1853 and was professor of pedagogy at the Upsalo university. A. Eperjesy de Szasvoros de Toti has been appointed successor to Count von Brandis as Austria's envoy to Sweden. The former has for a num ber of years been Austria's minister in Lisbon and Count von Brandis has now been removed to The Hague. The Danish corporal punishment law is about to be introduced in Swe den. It is especially recommended by prison wardens, who believe it would be the better way of handling the younger criminals. Sweden will build a new torpedo boat at a cost of 884,000 crowns. The contract has been given the Kockum company of MalmO. Karl Sidenblad has tendered his resignation as chief of the bureau of statistics and \jrill be succeeded by Kla# G. Often. 7 Norway. Chrlatiania. Says W. B. Chamberlain In a letter to the Minneapolis Journal Sept. 15: "Despite the bellicose tone of some of the dispatches that have been coming from Scandinavia, I still believe that Sweden and I?Qrwyiy will find a peace ful way out of their difficulties. It is true that the delegates of the two kingdon)* now in session at Karlstad de not appear to be making much progress. But it must be remembered that the sessions are absolutely secret and that the newspaper men present have been quite unable to secure any authentic information as to what is happening in the conference. Then, too, the session is likely to be a long one. Scandinavian statesmen are as fond of argument as a Scotchman, and will thresh out every phase of the question and from every standpoint before reaching an agreement. What, after all, is there to fight over? Swe den, in the proposal of its riksdag, practically guaranteed that the inde pendence would be granted. That.is the crux of the whole question. Ail other questions are merely matters of detail. Sweden naturally wants some concessions as a salve to her pride. One of these, the demolition of toe frontier fortresses, touches Norway's pride. And so there is a dispute over this point, which gives the sensation mongers an opportunity to cut tue leashes of the war dogs in their in flammatory cablegrams. But it is im possible to suppose that the brother peoples will go to war over such a dispute as that The arbitration trea ty Norway wants will be granted by Sweden, when this matter and the recognition of the new Norway are settled." French correspondents from Paris insist that Norway is warlike in spite of the fact that these reports have been emphatically denied from Nor wegian sources. Says a correspondent from Paris in one of his recent let ters: "Despite the contradictory state ments made on the subject, informa tion reaching the highest quarters here shows that the mobilization of Norway's forces is now going on. The French government has made con ciliatory representations at Stockholm with the view to averting a rupture." The Aftenposten's correspondent at Karlstad says the arbitration question may be regarded as almost settled and that both sides are directing their ef forts toward a satisfactory under standing in regard to the Freriksten and Kongsviinger fortresses. The Morgenbladet's correspondent remains doubtful. He declares that it is too early for hopeful prognostications re garding the outcome of the negotia tions and urges Norway to be alei"1 A semi-official denial was issued in Christiania Sept. 18 on the continued charges of Swedish papers to the ef fect that Norway is mobolizing her troops. It declares that Norway has made no military preparations except such as were absolutely necessary from a defensive point of view and that the report that practically all the troops in central Norway and in the frontier districts have been mobilizeu is unfounded. Fort Ivongsinger, (now a bone of contention in the settlement disputes ir Karlstad), was erected in 1683 and played an important part in later wars between Sweden and Norway. Tt is sixty-two miles from Christiania on the railway connecting the Norwegian capital with Stockholm. After the union of Swedeu and Norway it was dismantled and remained. so up to a few years ago. Norwegian divers have arrived at Jacobstad. Finland, to examine the wreck of the British steamer John Grafton, which was sunk by her crew Sept. 10 after landing a part of her cargo of arms and ammunition on a barren island in the Gulf of Bothnia. Among the steamer's salved cargo boxes of btvmb8 and explosives have been found, besides a number of rifles. A Swedish-American named Nils A. Anderson committed suicide in a pri \ate hotel in Trondhjem a few days ago. He leaves a wife and three chil dren in America. The net receipts of the Norwegian postal department last year was 469, 000 crowns. 132,000 crowns In excess of the budgetted estimate. Olaf Gulbrandsson. of Munich, the Norwegian cartoonist, has been fatal ly injured in an accident ^liile tour ing in,his automobile. An Ole Bull statue was presenteu the Bergen theater by Mme. Wallen dahl and not by Consul Bocs, as previ ously reported. Dr. Olav Johan-01seii has pro nounced Hans Matbiesen insane. The latter is notorious throughout Norway as a forgeR. DENMARK. Copenhagen. Denmark's oldest teacher Is Peder Hansen of Loland, who celebrated his 83d birthday a few days ago. He has been a teacher for more than six ty-two years and has been superin tendent of the Mageltving school on Loland for thirty-seven years. He is now on the retired list, but is still en joying excellent health. The steamer "Echo" arrived at Copenhagen the other day with a car go of 300 Iceland ponies. They were all shipped to Aaftorg. The hardy little animals are unusually quick and strong and the long sea voyage did not seem to have affected them in the least. Josef Hansen, editor of Sydfjal land's Social Demolcrat, committed suicide a few days ago by shooting himself in the head with a revolver In his own office. It Js tbojight that Hansen killed hin\pelf ty A fit porary insanity, v The Danish state railways during the year of 1904 show a surplus of 7, 250,000 crowns. It is only a few years ago since they barely brought an in come sufficient to defray the general expenses. The A. E. Gamel company, which lecently celebrated the 100th anni versary of its existence, has donated a sum of 10,000 crowns to the Com n.ercial Union. MARION 8.. NORELIUS. BAl^f SHORT ROUTE FAST TIME To all Points in the Northwest and on thz Pacific Coast ri TIME TABLE LOCAL TRAINS: GOING WB£T:"' No. 9, passenger 1:02 a en No, 3, passenger 10:46 No. 21, passenger 3:45 at No. 255, accommodation 1:15 tn GOING EAST, No. 10, passenger 2:12 a No, 4, pissengcr 5 45pm No. 22, passenger 11:30 am No. 256, accommodation ......... 12'4Gpm BROWNS VALLEY LINE. No, 59, passenger,goingwest.... 4:00 tn No. 60, passenger, going east.... 11:00 a Way freight, Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, due to leave at 7:00 a.m. carries passengers, B. SINCLAIR, Local Agent, Morris, Minn ®THgs. TIME CARD TRAINS. iSci£2 morris PASSENGER DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY :30 pm Lv St. Paul Ar 2:20 :15 pm Xittle Falls 10:45 am :45 pm Ar Morris Lv 7:20 am Through tickets to all points in the United States, Canada, Alaska, China and Japan. Northern Pacinc Express money orders for sale. Bankable anywhere. CHAS. S. FEE, G. F. A., St. Paul, Minn. B. POWERS, Agent improved FARADS Improved farm homes at prices and terms in reach of all. We have just purchased another tract of 76.000 acres of hardwood timber land, timber consist of maple, basswood, birch and hemlock, no pine slashings or sand. Land6 are all within 1 to 5 miles of railroad, near good market town, schools, churches and creameries, good wagon roads to all of our lands. With every purchase of land we build a good log house 18 ft wide. 26 ft long, 12 ft. high, with good roof, floor windows and doors all complete, ready to move into at prices with house complete, $5. to $15. Per Acre. Terms 54 cash, balance in 5 equal annual payments, at 6 per cent interest.- SAW MILLS WANTED to cut one hundred millioh feet hardwood timber, Here is a chance for a man with a small portable mill to buv a small tract of timber and do custom sawing for his neighbors. We own several thousand acres of timber that will cut from 7 to 10 thousand feet per acre. Buy your tickets to Cable, on & N, w. Ry. JUow rates to land seekers, R. R. fare refunded to purchaser of latid. For maps and further particulars address UECKE'S LAND AGENCY, Cumberland, Wis. WE TAN Sorse and Cattle Hides aad Skins of all FUR bearing animals suitable for Robei or Coats. Write for praca list, shipping' ta?s, etc. fr®» H, TAUBERT, Dresser & cr» 622 BRYAN AVE. N.« MINNEAPOLIS. MINN. OASTOniA. Beam the Ttl9 Vou Hav9 Signature of Urit*+z.*terf Comfort ALWAYS--^': PN THE North- Western Limited the train that makes traveling a pleasure every night between Minneapolis, Saint Paul and Chicago via Write for Illustrated Pamphlet 9 T. W. TEASDALB Genera! Passeneer Agenjfii St. Paui, Minn.