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Morris tribune. [volume] (Morris, Minn.) 1880-2000, April 19, 1918, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn91059394/1918-04-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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PAGE 2
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FARMERS' FORUM
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The first move in this campaign
was the recent action of the Commis
sion of Public Safety declaring May
4 as Barberry Eradication Day. On
that day all patriotic citizens of the
state including the boys and girls of
schools will be asked to make a spe
cial effort to find and destroy all
common barberry plants in their sev
eral communities.
This action was taken at the sug
gestion of E. M. Freeman, dean of
the college of agriculture and head
of the division which treats with
plant diseases.
The common barberry is known to
harbor the rust itself and to be one
of the chief sources from which cer
eal crops become infected. There are
two common forms—the green and
the purple. They grow from four to
eight fdet tall. In the spring, spores
of the black stem rust from wheat
stubble are blown into the air and
fall on barberry leaves in the vicini
ty. The rust developes on the bar
berry leaves from early in May until
about June 15. The rust spores pro
duced are then carried by the wind
to the wheat fields and to other cer
eals often causing the loss of tens of
millions of dollars.
Care should be taken in attempt
ing to eradicate the common barberry
not to disturb the Japanese bar
berry which does not harbor the rust
itself.
Farmers Will Need Help
When the schools are out for the
summer vacation there will be many
boys and young men looking for
work who have had some experience
on farms. Farm help is going to be
scarce this year and must be ar
ranged for now before the rush comes
on. Those who will be able to do
farm work, or farmers needing help,
should make their wants known
ahead of time and a good plan would
be to get in touch with the county
agent, as he should be in a position
to get the farmers and men together
Everyone who can help on the farms
should do so as a patriotic duty.
Selecting the Breeding Pens
Farmers and other breeders of
poultry should practice selective mat
ing to improve their flocks and as an
economic proposition. There are
many good reasons for selective mat
ing of the breeding in outjpoultry.
It is through this practice that
breeds, varieties and strains have
been built up to an ideal. It
suggests the importance of the
selecting one of the various
breeds of varieties of standard-bred
fowls and breeding it pure. Study
the correct type of your breed and
follow closely in mating up your
breeding pens, but characteristics or
habits count for even more than type
in detecting the good layer, and this
Important feature must not, on any
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PATRIO'
SPECIAL DAY SET TO
ERADICATE BARBERRY
Campaign Will Be Made in Minne
sota for Complete Destruction of
Plant
Minnesota and the federal govern
ment have mapped out a campaign
for the complete destruction of the
common barberry plant which is the
natural ally of black stem rust of
wheat and other cereal crops which,
in 1916, robbed Minnesota's farmers
of about 30,000,000 bushels of wheat..
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A department esped
ally devoted to Farm
ing Interests. Con
tributions
Welcome.
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account, be overlooked. The good
layer is always active and alert. She
is up and hustling early in the morn
ing, and the latest on the roost at
night. She stands squarely on legs
set well apart, has a deep, broad
body with great capacity, a compar
atively short, well curved beak, a
broad crown to her head, and fine
texture to the comb. She is usually
a good singer and always looking for
her feed. Good disposition in a hen
is an asset every time and should be
cultivated. The male heading the
pen is half the flock, and it is very
important that his dam possess all
characteristics stated.
The size of the breeding pen must
be adjusted to the needs of the own
er. If the sale of the hatching eggs
is not to be a part of the business, it
will be easy to decide the number of
breeders you will need. It should be
the rule to have the pen large enough
that hatching eggs would not need
be held more than a week in collect
ing enough for a setting. In all ex
cept the smallest matings, it will be
found advantageous to use two males
for each pen, and remember that
yearling hens are much better than
pullets for breeders as they give bet
ter fertility, better hatchability and
stronger chicks.
It will not be a big task on most
farms to provide an adequate run or
a breeding pen and it will be found
a profitable investment.
Fish Fry for Farm Ponds
The federal government aided by a
representative in Minnesota, is un
dertaking to interest farmers in a
neglected source of food supply. This
source is the fresh water lake or pond
found on so many farms. Through
its representative in Minnesota, F.
L. Washburn, University Farm, the
United States bureau of fisheries of
fers to supply fish fry to stock such
ponds or lakes. Farmers interested
should write to Mr. Washburn, who
will send them blanks to be filled out
and forwarded through him to Wash
ington, for* the approval of the
bureau.
Military Watches
Nearly every week a call is being received for
more men and one by one the boys are leaving us. Not
one of them should be allowed to leave without a Mili
tary Watch, the kind they can see in the dark as well
as in the light.
A bracelet watch is the best present you can
give your son, brother or lover when he leaves for
the front, and we have them from a medium price up.
Every purchase you make here, whether large
or shiall, carries our guarantee of full satisfaction with
it. You must be satisfied in every particular before
our contract is complete and we are here where we
can always make good.
PROBST, The Jeweler
MAKE CONCESSIONS
TO WHEAT GROWERS
New Wheat Grades Announced by
Secretary, Houston Effective
July 15
The new wheat grades effective
July 15 were officially promulgated
by Secretary of Agriculture David
Houston Tuesday. There are some
modifications from the present grades
but not to the extent asked for the
wheat growers or to the extent out
lined in the tentative changes which
were the subject of discussion at the
hearing at Minneapolis.
Five grades and sample are re
tained. Test weight for No. 1 north
ern is reduced from 59 to 58 pounds,
while Nos. 2, 3 and 4 remain as at
present and No. 5 is reduced from
51 to 50 pounds.
Instead of 15 per cent moisture
content, as permitted under the tent
ative grades, No. 1 is allowed, 14
per cent No. 2, 14.5 per cent No.
3, 15 per cent and Nos. 4 and 5 16
per cent. With the exception of No
2, this is an increase of per cent
over the present rules.
The gardes are most lenient on
mixtures of other wheats, 5 per cent
being permitted in No. 1 now, as
against 2 per cent. Ten per cent is
permitted in other grades, and no
wheat will be graded less than No. 3
because of mixture.
DAMAGED WHEAT AMOUNT DOU­
BLED
The amount of damaged wheat in
No. 1 is doubled, and kernels dam
aged by heat are permitted in Nos
1 and 2.
Dockage is considered only in
terms of whole per cent, unless wheat
contains 1 per cent, dockage is not
counted. The reference to insepar
able foreign material, to which the
northwest has objected most strenu
ously, has been eliminated.
The amount of smut permitted be
fore wheat is designated as "smutty"
has been doubled.
Following are the weights, mois
ture, damaged kernels, foreign mat
erial other than dockage and wheats
of other classes prescribed in the
regulations.
E O I S I U N E
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CLASS
One 58
Two 57
Three 55
Four 53
Five 50
14.0
14.5
15.0
16.0
16.0
2
4
7
5
10
10
10
10
10
15
SAMPLE WHEAT DEFINED
Durum is one pound heavier.
Sample wheat is defined as a wheat
of the appropriate subclass which
does not come within the require
ments of any of the grades pre
scribed or which has any commerci
ally objectionable odor except of
smut, garlic or wild onions, or is very
sour, or is heating, hot, infested with
live weevils or other insects injuri
ous to stored grain, or is otherwise
of distinctly low quality or contains
small inseparable stones or cinders.
—Minneapolis Journal.
Beware of Seed Corn
Word has come from the state de
partment that seed houses are buy
ing seed in Eastern states and that
this seed in many cases is being
bought without germination test.
In buying seed from seed houses be
sure to demand a germination test
and then make a test of the seed
yourself to see whether the test giv
en you is reliable.
Some good seed corn has been list
ed with the county agent and will be
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so\d to the first persons who call.
Buy home grown seed it is acclimat
ed and Will bring you biggest re
turns.
Hints for the Garden
be
Apple and plum trees may
pruned now.
Gardens will be extremely popular
this year. Everybody has one, even
the boys and girls will have gardens
all their own.
Sow radish seed with onions, pars
nip, or carrot. They come up early
and mark the row, making It easy
to cultivate early.
Furloughs to Help Farm Work
For the puropse of augmenting
agricultural production it is the in
tention of the War Department to
grant furloughs to enlisted men to
enable them to engage in farming
during the present season. Com
manding officers may grant such fur
loughs within prescribed rules when
ever it appears they will contribute
to increase farm production.
Furloughs may be given by com
manding officers of posts, camps, can
tonments, divisions, and departments.
They will be for short periods, large
ly for seeding and harvesting time.
They will not be granted to enlisted
men of or above the grade of first
sergeant, nor in an organization that
has been ordered to move or is in
transit from points of mobilization
or training to a port of embarkation.
All furloughs granted will be re
called and the men ordered to their
organizations when they have re
ceived preparatory orders for duty
overseas.
Furloughs granted for farm work
will be without pay and allowances,
except that enough pay will be re
tained in each case to meet allot
ments hf force on the day of the or
der, war-risk insurance, and pledges
on Liberty bonds.
For specially qualified experts in
agriculture furloughs may be grant
ed by the Secretary of War upon ap
plication by the Secretary of Agri
culture, providing such furloughs
are voluntarily accepted by the per
sons for whom application is made.
Individual applications for fur
loughs submitted by relatives will be
on a form to be furnished by local
draft boards. Two sections are to be
made out and presented to the local
board, which will complete the form.
If the furlough is granted the ap
plication will be filed by the com
manding officer and a certificate
furnished the soldier. If not granted,
the application will be returned with
reasons for disapproval.
If the soldier initiated the applica
tion he will give the name of the
person for whom he desires to work,
from whom will be ascertained the
need for farm service.
Furloughs may be granted en bloc
to men who are willing to accept
them, upon requests of farmers, when
time consumed in traveling from the
post to the place of labor will not
exceed 24 hours. In making these
applications farmers will use a form
of the Provost Marshal General's
office, also going to the local board.
Be
to be successful, must
give complete and last
ing satisfaction -in the
following five particu
lars:
Appearance~*lt must
be beautiful in lines and
finish. It must have
grace and style.
e o a n e —It
must be dependable
capable of speed and en
durance, free from
petty troubles, a car you
can be proud to drive
anywhere.
Comfort—It must be
easy to ride in whether
roads are rough or
smooth, convenient to
drive, simple to handle.
Service—It must be
backed by
a
Vi*i'
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An Automobile
local com­
Hail Insurance
J. D. Landes
FRIDAY, APRIL 19, 1918
n'W'PjW
I have arranged to write Hail Insurance again
this year with the same old line reliable Fire Insurance
Companies. All my losses last year were promptly
and fairly adjusted. This year the value of the crops
will be greater than ever and they should be fully pro
tected. Wait for me, as I will call and see you as soon
as possible.. Insure with reliable companies and those
represented by home people and you will know who
to look for when you have a loss.
not a\
Frowniii
Keeper
Buy jrowr
IIBFJZY BOND Today.
Uncle Sam is asking for your support by invest
ing in Liberty Bonds. People who have been bank
ing their money are now in a position to help their
country. If you have never started a bank account
begin now, and then you will nave money when you
need it.
The Morris National Bank
RK9
pany permanently capa
ble and desirous of giv
ing it care as long as
you drive it by factory
resources great and per
manent enough to guar
an tee parts promptly by
a dealer organization of
nation-wide scope to
guarantee quick, in
telligent service when
you tour.
Price—It must be
built in a factory large
enough to give you full
advantage of price sav
ings in quantity pur
chases. «. o
By compatfsori' antf iff
vestigation you will find
that the Willys-Overland
good cars stand supreme
in all these advantages.
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STEVENS COUNTY OIL CO.
H. J. Quigley, Prop*
ajbtMAl Ill JIU
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