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bought from the eastern end of the market. “Well?” I queried again. “This is just 1% ounces overweight,” gvns the official verdict repeated. “After I had recovered from my as tonishment I took another trip to the market, covering the fruit and vege table end this time, and onCe more going over the realm where meat holds sway. It was evident enough that the market men, those that had had the bad habit of cheating their customers, had decided to reform. Weights were placed upon the end of the scales with apparent fairness and on the other end the goods balanced nicely. With the measures there appeared to be the tamo disposition to be good.” Investigation to Continue. In spite of all this apparent reform the dealers will be kept under close Scrutiny. Those who cheat when the official eye happens to be turned away are known, and prompt measures will be taken against the mean men who tell their employees to "steal weight,” to use the parlance of the market men. "I will tell you how this thing works,” Bald one of the men today, who always has a clean bill of health. “While this scare, or reform movement, or what ever you may call It, is on the dis holnest men will be honest. After awhile they will play the same old game. "It Is a good deal like the Sunday saloon closing business. While the. po lice or sheriff are raiding or threaten ing to raid the law-breakers shut down. When the excitement subsides these places open up gradually. And there you are! Eternal vigilance Is the prl^e of honest weight and measures. Following the example of the woman In Roseville who went to see for her Bdf, I made a similar tour of inspec tion In the centre of the city early to day, and as Saturday is an especially busy day for all the groceries and butcher shops the tradesmen were “hustling'’ in the usual rush. My ter ritory was in a different section of the city, but my purchases were necessar ily those of staple food products, but ter, eggs, coffee, meat and vegetables. In the matter of eggs, of course, it was impossible to cheat, no matter where they were purchased, as no dealer would dare give me less than twelve to the dozen. The first store I entered, not two miles from Centre Market, the alert clerk stepped forward to wait on me. I asked for three pounds of coffee, ground and mixed, Java and mocha. "I won't dare to cheat you today, madam," he said, “after what every body who read last night’s STAR saw about some of the dealers around here serving out short measure.” ‘•’Well, I hope you would not, anyway,” I said. He flushed in a way that made him Beem guilty and said, “You see. I don't own the store and It Is not right for me to s&jr anything about my em ployer.” Alter tne tninga mat nave oeen told about the way some of the shop people are cheating their customers right along, I don't mind saying that the scales here don’t weigh exactly what you might call ‘true.' But you'll get the right amount of coffee you are paying for today,” he added, as he emptied it from the coffee grinder into the scales. "The 'boss' fixed the scales all right last night, because he thought some of the Inspectors might be around today.” In dry measure, at another store, I was cheated In a peck of potatoes. The wooden measure was full when the shop-keeper measured out the peck I asked for, and there Is where the trouble comes In, as he even gave me three extra potatoes, but when I tested the peck at home It lacked a fraction of the right amount, notwithstanding the three extra potatoes. In each shop I visited those who served me seemed to Impress me with the fact that they wondered whether I knew about the ‘‘things that are go ing on.” My only regret is that I was obliged to wait until I returned home to see how near I came to getting what I paid for. With the exception of the eggs and the coffee I did not get full value for the money I spent. CITIZENS VICTIMIZED BY SHORT WEIGHTS. ATLANTIC CITY, Nov. 19.—Aroused ; by conditions that are said to exist j here in . regard to short weights and ] measures, householders throughout the | city have entered a protest against the ; failure of the city administration to protect them. It has been five years since the city dispensed with the services of a sealer of weights and measures, and in this Interval it is claimed by householders that they have been systematically robbed by some of the unscrupulous lv" dealers in provisions and other honse ;.oid necessities. .YPICAL “FIXED” SCALES SEIZED BY INSPECTORS. As the matter of short weights and measures is something that strikes home to every family in the city, the • ^mviBNlSO STAR Illustrates and de ^MlCjUs today some of the methods em by dishonest merchants to rob customers. flDHHApicturo that will give some idfit . extent and variety of the means ] ted by different dealers to cheat blic is the one showing thegtcup BCtlve weights and measures te seized and destroyed by City 1 of Weights and Measures John livan. In this collection was rcp >d every variety of measure and used in the retail business, and Xitjstanee there was a difference customer of anywhere from s to several podnds. , depicted represents the j le during a comparatively t” nd similar collections are ICeAhe sealer's office at ai d 6\ One picture shows u.tes such as all house , *dliar with. The one with JgilI j. h. S' and the date 1910 treasure that has brought to h?r. B^^w^ullivan's office to be officially passed ^ on. It was tested and found to be accurate and the dealer took it away with him. Less than an hour later one of the department Inspectors in passing the store of the dealer who had the measure stamped as accurate noticed it occupying a prominent place on a fruit-stand. Out of curiosity hs picked up the DOINGS OF WOMEN IN THE DAY’S NEWS - ■■■■■■ i ■ ■ . ■ i- '■■■■ , " mm' ' --v */ire ro tw'-d V J cAj.i.3 vrtiMA*/ s/Zrr/Zooespy I - measure and immediately discovered that it had a false bottom, which was at least an Inch higher than the real bottom. The dealer had evidently no sooner left the sealer’s office than he had doctored the measure, trusting to the official stamp to evade detection and comment in the event of a cus tomer noticing the raised bottom. The department will, of course, pTosecute the dealer in question. The measure at the left was pur posely made short and sold to an un scrupulous dealer on that account. It was rrfanufactured In New Hampshire and sold by a supply house on Prince street. It is both too shallow and too narrow, and is one of the most glaring cases of its kind that the department has had to contend with. The measure that rests on the two bottom ones is what is known as a re lapped measure. The process of swin dling in this case was to reform the measure by pulling the lap closer and thus reducing the circumference .of the measure. The long string of screws and nuts represents articles that were found hanging on meat scales just below th* weight-registering dial. To the aver age customer these small, inoffensive looking articles would not appear to affect' the weight of the purchase, but as a matter of fact they affect the weight all the way from one to three ounces, and are a common attachment tq scales in all parts Of the city. See that the scales hooks are clear of such ornaments when buying meat. An Interesting exhibit is shown in the scales with the 'weight testing to one side of the weight plate. Not one person In a thousand would imagine that the placing of the weight on the plate would make a difference of nearly a pound in goods purchased. Scales of this character are doctored in such a manner that if the weight Is placed to the left of the centre of the plate the customer will lose several ounces In the purchase and the further over the weight is placed the lighter the scales will register. So pronounced is this that if the weight is placed at the extreme left edge of the plate the scales will register nothing at all. The deal er is very careful, however, to keep the weight to the left, as the minute It gets over to the right of the centre of th? plate the customer begins to get the best of it. Watch where the weight is placed in buying goods, and if the dealer is very careful to place It far to one side ask him to move it over. Watch the Rag Pickers. The smiling son of Italy who offers to take your old rags at the highest market price may have one of those sliding face scales that the sealer has been making a collection of for some time. This scales if closely inspected by the suspicious owner of the rags will show Itself to be in perfect work in O’ nrH or While the ragman la stooping to pick up the bundle to be weighed he will deftly slide the face of the scales a trifle down, with the result that the finger of the dial will be anywhere from a half inch to an inch above the zero mark, and the godtls that are sold will have to register about ten pounds before there Is any credit registered on the scales. If the seller complains when offered about seven cents for rags that should bring about four times that amount the rag merchant will smilingly pass over the scales for examination and there, sure enough, is the evidence that the rags weigh only a fraction of what they would if the face of the scales was set where it belonged. When sell ing rags see that the brass dial of the scales Is flush with the top of the hook when the weighing Is being done. The familiar paper-lined baskets that we see on stands containing peaches, tomatoes and other smaller fruit an l vegetables, is a favorite means of cheating the public. The sealer has a great array of the^e and they are ail far short of the proper measure that the customers should get. Look care fully at all berry boxes and similar measures, und If tlf^y contain paper insist upon It being taken out. Beware of Dents. Tin measures of ail kinds with dented sides and bottoms are under the ban, and are one of the commonest forms of short nfeasures. The sealer has seized a small mountain of such meas ures, and it seems almost impossible to checH this form of swindling. The peanut and chestnut merchants arc the worst offenders; they don't seem able to resist the temptation to push ln#the bottom of their little tin measures, or accidentally fill the sides with large dents. Short bushel baskets and dry meas ures with false bottoms of all descrip tions are of common occurrance, and are frequently found where least ex pected. Mr. Sullivan said today that he be lieved the STAR'S campaign of edu cation showing the extent and charac ter of frauds that are being perpetrated would accomplish a great deal of good. The revelations made by the STAR show how great the need is for a larger force to carry on the work of the sealer's department, and if the pub- ! 11c is to be protected as it should there j should be more Inspectors to aid in , cleaning the city of the kind of weights ' and measures that are robbing the pub lic every time a purchase is made. NEWARK’S STANDARDS ARE i 0. K.*D BY GOVERNMENT. Five months ago the EVENING STAR directed attention to the fact that gross fraud In the matter of weights and measures was possible be cause tbia State has had no official set of standards for the last twenty five years. The discovery was made by William A. Smith, of the firm of Coult & Smith, on May 31 of this year. One of Mr. Smith's clients, a large wholesale dealer in food products, de sired to ascertain without doubt the legal standard weight for a barrel of fiour. An examination of the statutes failed to disclose any State law giving the standard weight for a barrel of flour. Ab such a statute would have to conform with the United States standard, a duplicate set of which should have been in the possession of the secretary of state, Mr. Smith ap pealed to the latter official for the de sired information. The counselor was informed that dur ing the fire of 1885, which partially j destroyed the State House, the New j Jersey set of United States standard I weights and measures were so badly ! damaged they had to be sent to Wash ington for repairs. According to Sec retary* of State Dickinson the New Jer sey set of standards never came hack. Slnl. IVftlinnt Stnnilnnl. Mr. Smith then communicated with the Washington authorities, and was informed by the chief of division of standards of the department of com merce and labor that the records of ; his department showed that the New Jersey standards had been returned, i This resulted In further communication with the secretary of state's office, and | the information that while the stand i ards probably had been returned they i never reached that office. It was later stated unofficially that j the standards had been received by a ! State House attache at the basement entrance, where all heavy freight is re- i jeeived, and permitted to remain in the | | cellar for several years and were prob- : | ably sold duririg*a general clean-up | Inasmuch as the United States stat I ute of 1838, under which the stundard , j was adopted, provided that the several ' ! Subdivisions of a State might have du ! plicate sets made to conform with the j set furnished by the national govern | ment, Mr. Smith applied first to the ; county clerk of this county and then j to every other county in the State, j Mr. Smith found that sixteen of the : twenty-one counties had no standards ‘ I at all, and that five counties—Bergen, 1 j Burlington. Cumberland, Middlesex and Union—had Incomplete sets of little or no value. At the time that the result , [of Mr. Smith's discovery was published the EVENING STAR directed atten I tion to the fact that in the absence of t the official standards provided by law jtt might be difficult to sustain a convic- ; tion for using fictitious weights and 1 ! measures. j City Counsel Nugent agreed with i that view, and upon his advice City Sealer Jobsi H. Sullivan took to Wash- ■ ingtbn the set of standards in use here and had them tested and duly approved by the division of standards. As a result, Newark is the only municipal ity In the State which possesses a set of standards made official by approval of the United States government In ^accordance with the law of 1833. THE POOR, THE TARGET OF SHORT WEIGHT DEALERS. A citizen went to three confectionery stores hi the business centre of the city and made small purchases of can dies for some children. In a Broad : street store, where the best quality of j confections is sold, he bought half a pound of fine mixed candles, for which he paid 25 cents. The young woman behind the, counter placed the candy: in a pasteboard box and put that on the scales and a half potTnd weight on. After weighing she put more candy in the box. The man took his-purchase to the office of City Sealer Sullivan and had it weighed there. The candy and , the b»x weighed 1244 ounces. A pound of cheap mixed candy pur- j chased in a Market street store was , found by the city sealer's scales to bs j nearly an ounce below the standard I pound of 16 ounces. Half a pound of ] chocolate bought at an old-established j confectionery was a quarter of an j ounce above the right weight. A man bought epsom salts at two j drug stores in the centre of the city, j one a new up-to-date store, the other a ! store that has been conducted for many 1 years. The man bought a quarter of j a pound of salts at each store. By the scales of the city scaler each package of salts weighed 444 ounces, a quarter of an ounce more than -was paid for. Sealer Sullivan said that the new up-to-date drug stores have finer standard scales than the city supplies to hi* office, and old druggists ask every year to have their scales tested. He said it is the same with the veteran and high-class confectioners, especially in the business p«rt of the city. He declared that It is In the small stores in the east and. west ends of Newark where weights are light, and, therefore, the poor are the losers. Than there is a class of foreigners vGgo have, within a few years, opened ^Brge confectionery stores in the retail HEEDIE AND PIN, WHEN HE WEDDED TROUBLE SET IS' Dentist, Accusing Wife of “Boozing,” Says His “Snooz* ing’s” Spoiled by Din. NEW YORK, Nov. 19.—Charges that his wife took scissors, hatpins and knives to bed with her were made by Dr. Walter K. Tichenor. a dentist. He opposed her application for alimony and counsel fees made before Justice Davis In the Supreme Court. He de clares his married life was made un bearable because his wife was addicted to excessive use of Intoxicants. His suit for a separation and her counter-suit for separation are now pending. The dentist declares she has threat ened to kill him and he frequently sat up all night and stayed at hotels. Hold Wonii Firebug. BRIDGETON, Nov. 19.—Before a magistrate in thU city Mrs. Mary Meyers, of Cedarville, was held in 91,000 bail on a charge of burning the house of Mrs. Annie Loper, a neighbor, which was destroyed on Friday night of last week. Several witnesses testified that they noticed Mrs. Meyers at the house and that they saw her strike a match and fire a bundle of hay under the house. Two of the witnesses said they saw Mrs. Meyers run away after set ting fire to the house. Days < blrken Declared l ore. NEW YORK, Nov. 19.—Declaring that Miss Valeria Sands thinks chick ens talk to her, that someone has stolen her eyes and pulled off her fingers and entertains other delusions, Dr. Smith Ely Jeliffe, alienist, yesterday opposed in court efforts of the woman's rela tives to secure her release from an in sane asylum. Dr. Jeliffe, who said he examined the woman last October, said she was in competent and that her dementia would increase in the future. He declared that when he examined Miss Sands she told him that a chicken had spoken to her and skid: "I love you, my Valeria.” Justice Kapper reserved decision. THIEF ENTERS AND LOOTS COP’S HOME. That the police are not immune from robbery was demonstrated last night, when the home of Patrolman William Friedrich, at 412 South Sixth street was entered during his absence and several articles of value stolen. The robbery was reported to the Fourtli Precinct this morning. The patrolman after his dinner last night went visiting with his wife, and did not return until late. On his ar rival he found that sonieone had gained entrance through an open pantry window and made away -with his gloves, a lady’s chain, shirt studs and other articles. Insurance papers and receipted bills were also taken business centre of Newark as well as in the outer wards. These are, he said, the ones who require watching. A light pound of candy was purchased at one of these 3tores today. It is estimated by Sealer Sullivan that there are over 10,000 scales in Newark stores of all kinds that ought to be tested every year, and at least 20,000 wooden and basket measures in use by dealers. He said that with his small force of inspectors It is impossi ble to test all these scales and meas ures. There should be enough inspec tors so they could drop in at stores in every part of the city three or four times a year when not expected Now a dishonest dealer knows that if his scales and measures are tested and sealed once In a* year the inspector is too busy to call again for another twelve months or more. "Publicity and the work of the EVE NING STAR In sending men and wom en to buv food articles and other things at stores.’’ said the city sealer, "will improve conditions. It has done so al ready. I heard yesterday and today of many instances where pt-opls were given very liberal weight and big measures.” WISSNER PLAYER PIANOS long ago scored a record for artistic achievements that has proven in a most emphatic manner their su premely excellent qualities. Phenome nal tone pro du c ti o n, thorough and artistic workmanship, perfect and improved mechanism— by which effects are produced that heretofore were deemed possible only by the human hands—are attributes which characterize the W i s s n e r Player Pianos. Write for Player Booklet Open Saturday Evening* WISSNER WAREROOiHS •03 BROAD ST„ NEWARK 96 5tb Ave., ter- 15th St., New Yon. " — .. ' ' 1 — ... -- ■ ■ '■ ■ ■■ —.. IOOKS FREE $3,000.00 Worth of Elegant De Luxe Sets, Filling Forty-eight Sectional Bookcases, Divided Into Three Libraries Worth $1,000.00 Each, as Principal Prizes, and $2,000.00 Worth of Special Prizes to Be Given Away Free ARE YOU WIDE-AWAKE AND FULL OF PRIDE, OR DEAD, DRIED UP AND DIGNIFIED? WAKE UP; COME ON, LETS HAVE SOME FUN V _. ' ■ "4 In what lodge, church, school or club of Essex county are you mostly interested? THREE magnificent private Libraries as PRIN CIPAL PRIZES and a large number of SPECIAL PRIZES are to be given away, absolutely free. These Libraries embrace more than twelve hundred volumes, mostly editions De Luxe. Nearly all books ■ are bound in leather, or three-quarter morocco, beautifully stamped with gold, and are profusely illustrated by the original sketches of the Authors and the most illustrious artists. Complete description will be published later. These Libraries are to be placed on exhibition in prominent show windows of the downtown district within the next few days, where they may be seen and examined. ' . j Large Display advertisements will appear in The Evening Star very soon, which will give full particulars and complete information. I Watch for them. These prizes are to be given free to schools, churches, | lodges or clubs, and any such organization in Essex county may com- 2 pete for them. 1 ! There are Three Prirfcipal Prizes to be awarded at the Close of the Campaign: No. 1, especially selected for lodges and clubs, will be given to the Lodge or Club receiving the greatest number of votes. No. 2, especially selected for churches and religious societies, wili be given the Church or Religious society receiving the greatest number of votes, and No. 3, especially selected for schools, w'ill be given the School receiving the greatest number of votes. In event of two or more organizations receiving an equal number of votes in a winning place prize will be equally divided. Special Prizes will be given during the time of voting as rewards for heaviest voting. Many of fhe Spe cial Prizes will be of considerable value, and any organization winning a Special Prize will be barred from competing for all other Special Prizes, except that the winners of Special Prizes Nos. 1, 2 and 3, of fered for heaviest voting in first count, will not be barred from com peting for one other Special Prize. All votes cast by any organication before and after winning a Special Prize will be credited for the Prin- j cipal Prizes. A free voting ballot is published in today’s Evening Star at the top of page 2. Ballots will be published every day of , ' the week, good for ten votes, except one day, when a ballot good for fifty votes will be published. Collect as manv Ballots as possible, keep them until Wednesday, November 23, and vote them for your favorite Church, School, Lodge or Club. Locations of Ballot Boxes will be announced Wednesday, No vember 23. i ^ Special Prize No. 1 The lodge or club receiving the highest number of votes in the first count will be given as a prize, immediately, a paid-up five years’ subscription to any 10 of the following magazines the lodge or club ' may select: Cosmopolitan, McClures, Muns-ey s, Pacific Monthly, w Electrician and Mechanic, Good Health. Harpers, Pictoria. Review. Success, National, Hampton’s, Pearson's, Metropolitan, lechncal World, Travel. World Today, Everybody’s, Wide World, Outdoor Life and National Monthly. (Special Prize No. 2 I The church or religious society receiving the highest number of ff votes in the first count will be given $50.00 in money immediately. Special Prize No. 3 The school receiving the highest number of votes in the first count j will be given any prize selected by the principal of the school, to the ; value of $50.00, immediately, or cash if desired. In the event of two or more organizations receiving an equal number of votes in a winning place the prize will be equally divided I between such organizations. The first count of ballots will be published in The Evening Star Saturday, November 26. Votes, in order.to be counted in the first count, must be deposited in ballot boxes before 4 o'clock P. M. Fri day, November 25. Notify your friends and members of your favorite organization immediately, by phone or otherwise, to cut the ballot out of The Evening Star. Don’t forget, these ballots will be published every day. Get busy, you will have to hurry. Watch for the large display adver tisements which will give particulars and rules, the location of the libraries and ballot boxes.