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JAMES SMITH, JR. FOUNDED MARCH 1, 1832. Published every afternoon, Sunday* excepted, by the Newark Daily Advertiser Publishing Company. Bnt*rud as second-class matter February 4, 19'*, at the Poatofflce, Newark, N. J.. under th* Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. Weekly Edition—THE SENTINEL OF FREEDOM. EMabllnhed 17941. ! Member of the Associated Preaa and American Newspaper Publisher*’ Association. MAIN OFFICE. 794 Broad Street, Newark. Telephone 8300 Market. ORANGE OFFICE. 14 Cone Street. Orange. Telephone 469 Orange. ROSEVILLE BRANCH OFFICE. 392 Seventh Avenue. Telephone 227-W. Branch Brook. t CLINTON HILL BRANCH OFFICE. 198 Peshlne Avenue. Telephone 1981-M-6. Waverly. HARRISON OFFICE. 324 Harrison Avenue. Harrison. Telephone 6300 Market. CHICAGO OFFICE, Stager Building. NEW YORK OFFICE, northwest corner Twenty-eighth Street and Fifth Avenue. MILLBURN OFFICE. Millburn Avenue. Telephone 191 -L, Millburn. M. J. SEASHORE OFFICE. 22 Main Street. Asburv Park. N. J. Phone 1224 Asbury Park. ATLANTIC CITY. The Dorland Advertising Agency. Mull Subscription Rntra ii'osisge Prepaid Within the Postn! Union.) One yea- $3.00; six months. $1.50; three months, 76 cents, one month. 28 cents. Delivered by carriers In any part of Newark, th* Oranges. Harrison. Kearny, Montclair. Rloomfleld and all neighboring towns. Subscriptions may be given to newsdealers or sent to Ithla offloo. Have the Newark Evening STAR r ailed to your summer address. Your regular dealer Win take your order, or von mar leave ram* at any of our offices When ordering paper pleas* state whether Orange, West Hudson, last or sporting edition is desired. VOI.tntfE I, XXX_NO. 238. SATURDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 7. 1911. ■p.___ __ _ _. . . A SECOND DAM DISASTER. 0NLY a timely warning to the population of Black River Falls and other small towns in the Black River valley, in is consin, averted another appalling calamity by flood from the broken dam of an artificial lake live miles away. As it was, thou |J sands of people were made 'homeless, a town of about two thousand |r population was nearly destroyed and lives were lost. This second I' great disaster by the breaking of a dam, and within a few days of the catastrophe at Austin. Pa., nmsi needs slir up all sluggish State ? officials to a sense of duty. In both of these cases the primary cause was State neglect. Private interests are permitted to eon , struct darns in populous valleys without any Slate supervision and 7 to put in daily peril the lives of hundreds of people living in the j valleys. Some years ago the New Jersey Legislature enacted a. ft bill known as the Delaware dam bill, authorizing any private cor (i poration to dam a stream to gel water power. So little did the law makers regard human life that the act made no provision for State j I regulation for darn construction. The dams in the Pequannock i I watershed were designed and built by the best engineering skill in i the country, and they have since been examined anti admired by other engineers. There is no danger of dam breakage in litej i Peqnannock valley. MR. TAFT’S FOOT OOFS DOWN. PRESIDENT TAFT’S statement in his speech at Pocatello.; Idaho, yesterday in regard to the etlVd on business of the government prosecutions of the trusts is so positive anti emphatic that it ought at least end all uncertainty as to the policy jj of the administration and thus be beneficial to business. Mr. I aft 11 said he realized the harm (hat wift being done, but the prosecu jji lions must go on, and he expected and believed that the harm to ; ■ business would cease when the business interests came to an under - I j standing that this law was to be enforced and that they must return I to a basis which would admit of competition. The uncertainty that i has existed has arisen from the doubt whether the government was I really sincere in these prosecutions and whether, after all hue and , cry shall be stilled, there will not be a reaction. Perhaps, too. there | 5s something of a bluff in the attitude of financial interests afflli j ated with the great trusts. Mr. Taft, in his address, evidently • thought so, for ho said in effect that he was not to be bluffed. It is j observed when the President gets away from the atmosphere of ; (Washington and among the people that his views become not only f ^clarified but more vigorous in expression, lit* has said things on ;fcis present trip that he could never have said at the national capital. EFFECT OF SUCCESS UPON ITALY. H SUCCESSFUL termination of the war of Italy upon Turkey will be wonderfully stimulative of Italian patriotism and will serve to discourage the social elements that war upon ifche government and promote discontent among the masses. There are reasons enough for this discontent. The large annual emigra- j tion from the Italian peninsula is evidence enough of intolerable ! I conditions. But success in air enterprise on which Italy has set her j | heart will attach the Italian people more closely to their govern I ment and at the same time make the government more responsive; j.to the popular1 wants and more regardful of their moral as well as1 j material welfare. ANOTHER GREAT CONVENTION. J TLA NT It • CITY long ago established its title as the conven-! ! tion city of the United States. With its bountiful hotel accommodations and equable climate, its season for gather i ings of State and national bodies is practically continuous through S the year. The next affair on the program is a group of conventions if representing the electric traction interests of the I nited States and , if Canada and divided into six closely allied bodies. Opening on I I (Monday of next week and continuing for five days, this will be an n instructive allowing of an iuduslry that in twenty-five years lias I grown from nothing to a net work’of J5.0UII miles of trackage, carry , j Ing annually ten billions of passengers. BIG PRIMARY ELECTION EXPENSES. | TJ V NDER the old election law il cost a candidate next to nolhiug! 31/1 to gel a nomination. The expense was in the election cam paign following the primary ami nominating convention. Now if the cost of a primary election campaign even exceeds that of the j I (election campaign. In the contest for the Democratic nomination for i jmayor of Jersey tin* candidates’ expenses were, respectively, I Sullivan, $7,67L41; Wittpenn, |4.!l!tl.l«. and O’Mealia, $2,1)24.85. tidy f amounts to disburse merely for the opportunity to run for an office And take the chances of defeat. RAILROADS AND FOOD PRICES. TIIE transportation companies that carry farm products from the farm to the centres of population might adopt some plan of cheapening prices for the consumer. Necessaries go ij thfough so many hands after they leave the farmer that by llie time they reach the consumer the price he pays is extraordinary • compared with the price the farmer gets. Now, it is for the best ? interests of the railroads that the products it transports should be J gold cheaply. When food is reasonable in price more of it is con I snmed and more is transported by the railroad at a profit. More \ over, w'hon people have cheap food they are better off financially | and can afford the expense of travel. Perhaps there would have 1 been less outcry against the increased commutation rates if the necessaries of life were not*so dear. NEW YORK'S NEW PRIMARY LAW. THERE was no desire at Albany to force a direct primary law on the model of the Heron law in this State. Governor Dix and the leaders in the Legislature have plenty of oppor j tonify to study the New’ Jersey law and also to witness its first operation, and it was natural that they should shy off from that kind of legislation. How it would operate in New York city, with its enormous foreign-born population, can be imagined. The act finally passed at Albany, although it is strongly deprecated by the conservative sentiment of the State as too radical, is eminently conservative compared with the aot passed by the New Jersey Legislature last winter. And there are mo dark alleys and pitfalls in V jfc \ The Evening Star s Weekly Review of Books One of the Best Things in Rex Beach s Latest Novel, The Ne er -Do-Well, Is a Dissertation on the Panama Canal. BY WILLIAM HAMILTON OSBORNE _ ONE OF THE best things In Rex Beach’s new nov el, "The Ne’er-Do Well,” (Harper & Brothers, N. Y.) Is the dissertation of Runnels, the. master of trans portation on the Panama Canal. The author shows us very convinc ingly that the average citizen does not think and does not know anything about the canal, and on the other hand, that the people on the Isthmus think of and know nothing else. "As r the work Itself," said Run - nels, "the fellows at the two ends • ■> the canal are dredging night and da to complete their part! the *uc’*i *’u 11'I ers are laying concrete like mad to 1 their share done first: the chaps in the big cut are boring through the hills like mobs and bi- iking remarkable shovel records cvci. wail.. Everyhotl. is trying to break records. Each fcl- ; low believes the fate of the canal be-j longs to him. We have lust interest , in everything except lids ditch, and j while we realize there is shell a place ; as home, it has become merely a spot where tve spend our vacations. They have wars and politics, theatres and divorces out here somewhere, but we don't tare: wo have dropped out. The tight conversation at dinner is limited to tons of rock anti yards of concrete. Oh. but I'm tired of this concrete talk." Fortunately Mr. Beach has made lip his mind that many citizens- we may say many thousands of citizens, for 1 bey will read his book- shall know all about tiie big ditch. He lias taken good care to know all about it him self. Mis hero, Kirk Anthony, after a football celebration in Now York, was treated with knockout-drops and woke up without a dollar In the world on a i steamer outward-bound. Me landed in | the canal zone. Mrs. Cortlandt, wife of I n diplomat, made love to Kirk, who did not at all understand that she was doing so. got him a Job and saw that he was promoted. Meantime Kirk was making love to Gertrudis Garavc), a very fascinating daughter of a powerful Pnnamun father. His Identity was mixed up with an absconding hank cashier of the name of Jefferson Locke. A ter rific scandal grew out of It. Kirk An thony, at a dinner given to Mrs. Cort landt's husband, presented the latter with a handsome gold watch. Cort landt, in a fit of passion, presented An thony with his own wife. The rest is drama pure and simple. The story Is like all of Mr. Beach’s, and from the moment that Anthony j lands on the isthmus the author is j thoroughly at home. He Is careful to ; give us accurate pictures of the life In j Panama, including even the working of the lotteries. The best thing that can be said of Mr. Beach Is that he gives his reader exactly what the reader wants and all the time. OO MISS SHEFFIELD, IN E. B. DEW ing’s latest story, ‘"A Big Horse to Ride" (Macmillan Company, New York), was the proprietress of a fash ionable finishing school for young ladies in New York. When she discov end that one d’f her most promising pupils, Rose Carson, was taking pro fessional dancing lessons of Makaroff. v-ho taught for the stage, she gave no tice to Rose Carson's father that Rose must either leave off dancing or must leave Miss Sheffield's school. At the end of the interview botween Miss Shef field and Rose's father the latter put Miss Sheffield a final question: ' Tell me, Miss Sheffield, tell me what is exactly your own personal prejudice against dancing?” He bent to her a confidential ear. Miss Sheffield at this juncture breathed some word that sounded like limbs. "Oh," said Rose’s father, “why, It is a well-known fact that women don't have legs. They go on springs." Miss Sheffield hastened, and It was after she was well down the steps that Rose’s father said: "By Jove, I believe she does.” By which he doubtless meant that Miss Sheffield went on springs, though he did not say so. The book gets Its title from itself. Rose Carson is a professional dancer— at llie head of her profession. The writing of a book is to her the riding of a big horse. Rose tells her own story, and it Is vibrant with her own personality. The reader has a constant sense of fear that Rose is always in danger, but singular as it may seem, II was her ambition as a dancer that saved her from herself. She gives us frequent glimpses of her professional life, and it all rings true. “Every night in my spring chorus I til pea red before the public clad in leop ard skins leading a picked band of leopard-clad women—picked for their beauty rather than worthier qualities— and together we danced, the whole blessed seventeen of us. Wo snarled rather than smiled—slant-eyed. sly. It was the sort of dance you might dream about on a moonlit wind-swept night, with Pan playing his pipes on the hill side." There were no cheap boarding-houses for Rose Carson. She knew nothing of the men who hang around stage doors. Sho began at the top. not at the bot tom Her profession would not let her fall In love. Finally she married Simon Featherly, of Wall Street. Simon was very rich and very powerful, but Rose tired of him exceedingly. After that Penny Black entered the arena of events. For the first time in her life Rose found that she actually possessed a heart. What happened after sho dis covered that her own father had found his affinity In Mrs. Penny Black must be left to the reader to discover. The story is not a plot; It Is a career. Behind the telling of It Is a personality vibrant with life. There were big temptations, no little ones, and big lights. Between the woman that Rose ('arson really was and the professional dancer that she had come to be, strange as It may seem, It was the dancer who held her to a straight course. The story is full of sex philosophy. It is one of the most satisfactory and charming stories of the year. QO Drnniatl/.nlloii of Novel*. It is probable that every writer of short stories or of novels, with any pretensions to any kind of ability in that line, invariably has his eye upon the stage. The stage is to the talent of the fiction writer what Wall Street is to the pocket of the public. There are apparently so many striking successes governed frequently by chance and good luck that the result has come to he, as one man put It, that every other Individual on Broadway, no matter who he is, has a play up his sleeve. ! There is no doubt at all that the ; managers are just as eager for new and I good inuterial as are the publishers for I books and magazines. The difference ! between the manager and the pub j Usher is that the publisher is very apt j to read everything and the manager is I apt to read nothing. ' A writer in the September Bookman gives it as his opinion that there is not one chance in BOO that a play submitted in the ordinary way. through the mall ; or by leaving at a manager’s office, will ever be read. The chances that it j will ever be considered are still more ; remote. The reason for this, evidently, is that managers have not yet adopted I the fine-tooth comb system which pre vails in many publishing houses. In fact this writer says the only way now adays to sell a play is to foroe it on the manager Just as you would compel a housewife to buy a box of Sunset soap. —OO— However, the fiction writer's ma terial. from the fact that it reaches print, either in a inaguzine or in book form. Is likely to attract the attention either of a playwright or a manager. "Alias Jimmy Valentine' was based upon a very short story—about two thousand words in length—of O. Henry’s, one probably written early In his career. The whole germ of the play ie contained In that short story. The gist of It is this: A bank burglar, Irylug to lead an honest life out West, secures a position as the teller of a bank. As a burglar, he is able to open safes without knowing the combina tion. A little girl Is by aooldent shut up in the new bank vault. No one cun open it, owing to the fact that the combination has not yet been set. A detective happens to be present. He suspects Valentine to be the burglar that lie looks for. Valentine must take his choice of going to Jail and saving a life by showing his skill in the pres ence of the officer—or doing the other thing. Out of that incident a well-known playwright made one of the most suc cessful plays of the season. He prob ably unearthed the story from some magazine which he casually picked up. so that the fiction writer always has a chance of somebody seeing his wares and wanting them. This chanoe may come soon or late. It Is some years sinoe "The Trail of the Lonesome Pine” was published, and yet it Is now Just being dramatized. "Ten Thousand Dollars a Year” is one of the old standard English clas sics, and yet was the subject of a re cent play produced under the title of "Mr. Hopklnson.” -OO Once a manager destdes to obtain the rights of a novel or story for dramatio purposes, the question is then what happens? As a rule a good story writer makes a poor dramatist. He works frequently in quite the opposite direction. There are rules such as that the audience must be in possession of all the facts at the end of the first act and other rules of a kindred nature, which, of course, reverses the novelist’s method. He Is not often asked to, nor in fact allowed to dramatize his own story. The manager sometimes will simply buy the rights outright and tuck them away for future reference and use it if he is keen about the production of the novel as a play, but will at onoe proceed to make terms both with the novelist and with the playwright selected to write the play. (To he continued.) The STAR extends ttie privilege of these columns to the public and invites sign>d communications of not more than olio hundred words treating of topics of the hour. Illgti Prices. To the Editor of the Evening Star: According to news from New York | city the price of theatre tickets is to. be raised. According to my knowledge of theatricals generally In the metropo lis it would be a good idea to make the price of tickets for certain shows pro hibitive. It is to be noticed, now thut. the first act of the great political show is over, that our theatres with their reasonable prices have first-class attractions honked for (he remainder of the season. I T. O. -O Him About lit To tile Kiilioi of the Evening . <ar: It is to be hoped, now that the so called Wilaonites have been defeated, that they will put their shoulders to the wheel and vote for the Regular Democratic candidates. The latter won out in a fair and square light, and are entitled to the support of every man who claims to be a Democrat. OLD-TIMER. — O "Should lie Stopped." To the Editor of the Evening Star: I have been reading with much inter est the accounts In your paper re garding the war between Italy and Turkey. I think that some of the na tions of Europe ought to butt in and put a atop to this little affair, which will be all one-sided anyway. Italy lias a powerful navy, and they know how to use it, too, but Turkey has no navy and is therefore at the mercy of the Italians. But the worst part of It is thut two such small countries should be allowed to fight Just on the eve of the great international peace revival. Other countries will get mixed up In this little argument, and then all the well-laid plans for arbitration will have been for naught. PEACE LOVBXR Appreciation. To the Editor of the Evening Ster: Your appeal for a more perfect law to replace the faulty Qeran election law, your plea in behalf of the school chil dren who are compelled to oocupy seats entirely inadequate in size, your ex posure of the inside methods of bank ruptcy proceedings, are all matters of public concern, and your worthy de fense of the public in these matters, us well as the street-car transfer propo sition deserve commendation from every fair-minded citizen. DAILY READER. ___ | George E. ('lymer. the lawyer, tells ! this one: "I was traveling in the West some time ago, and as I was at the railroad station In Denver I overlieard a con versation that amused me. It was quite typical of the place. It was be tween an agent or promoter of a mine in Leadvllle and a rich Irishman from the “Windy city.” Apparently the inan from Chicago had been shown some gold-mining properties in Leadvllle, hadn't thought much of the prospects and was on his way home. The agent or promoter, however, was trying to get In a last word at the railroad sta tion. But he wasn’t quick enough for the rich man from Chicago, for the last thing I heard him say, just as the conductor shouted “Ail aboard,!” was: "Say, young man, I have a tine cellar In my house in Chicago, and I just whitewashed it myself.” • * • Here’s the latest one told by Post master James L. Hays, who is a Meth odist and one of the first members of the Ocean Grove Association: "A little girl, playing with two kittens, was Im mersing them in a tub of water, bap tizing them, as it were. After the little girl had 'soused' the two kittens she got hold of the mother cat and at tempted to baptlie hor. But the old oat refused to be ducked and the little tot, unable to master the mother cat. exclaimed, ‘Oh, you’re no Baptist at all; you’re a Methodist.’ ” * • * Samuel W. Boardman, jr., who was a candidate for an Assembly nomina tion on the Progressive Republican ticket, was once a candidate for the Board of Education in Bloomfield. He got out a circular which read: “Vote for the Board-man.” whereupon his opponent came back with a circular which said: “Yes, vote for the wooden man; vote for the blockhead.” \ 4++ H4444t’H"bH"Him'M'H'Hi | TODAY IN HISTORY. | October 7, 1862, six days after he had been taxed by President Abraham Lincoln with be ing o v e r-cautlous George B. MoClol lan Issued what he called general or ders No. 163, In which he referred to ' emancipation, dep recated In the array ! heated political dls- ; cessions and re minded his men that the remedy for po- ; litlcal errors Is at ■ ttu‘ polls. This order not only widened ! the growing gulf between McClellan ' and the President, but It made such I a fuss that when George came to write the story of his own campaign he very carefully omitted any allusion to this history-making bulletin. At the Show. “Hist!" whispered the vlllyun, "there is a price on your head!" “Heavens!” exclaimed the heroine. “Can It be possible that I haven't re moved the ticket from that bargain counter hat?" __J_V V Home Suppose you are taken from your Bttvers_ family before your home is paid Hnfnp tor. Will your wife be able to d°m!? take care of the mortgage? A Builders. Life Insurance policy in The Pru dential of sufficient amount will guarantee its payment. Secure this protection without delay. The Prudential |_ 1 ' SOCIAL NOTES Of Newark and Lke Suburbs Mrs. David Wallace, Miss Kate R. Wallace and Mr. Kennel h Wallace, of Alpine street, this city, have returned from Elberon. Miss Elizabeth Nichols, of Fulton Btreet, this city, has returned from a sojourn of more than a year in Europe A Mr. and Mrs. Oeorge W. Ball, of Sum mer avenue, this city, have returned from a stay of several weeks 1n tho South. Mr. and Mrs. Mertvyn E. Johnston, jf 48 Chestnut street, East Orange, vil! shortly go to PhlUpso Manor, near STorth Tarrytown, N. Y„ where they will reside. Mr. and Mrs. Johnston lave been residents of Bast Orange lor a number of years. Mr. Johnston s a member of the New Jersey So ciety, Sons of the American Revolution, and MrB. Johnston, of the Woman's Club of Orange, and the Charlotte Emerson Brown Club, of East Orange. Mr. and Mrs. James 3. Holmes, Jr., who formerly resided In Orange, and now live at 25 Mt. Morris Park, New York olty, received many congratula tions yoBterday upon their twenty-fifth wedding anniversary. No cards were issued for the celebration of the event, but a dainty luncheon was served at the home of the couple to members of the Immediate family. Mr. Francis W. Jackson, of 125 Grove street, south, East Orange, has an nounced the engagement of his daugh ter, Miss Oeorgiana Jackson, to Mr, Harry V. Allen, of that city, formerly of North Carolina. Mr. and Mrs. Robert W. Cumming and family, of Mount Prospect avenue, this olty, have returned from Marlin, Mass., where they spent the summer. - Miss Jeannettb Smith, of Verona ave nue, this city, has returned from a visit to friends in Vermont. WIPING-OUT PROCESS. *| bet's start a orusade of general Im provement And call It the "National Wlplnc-Out Movement.” EM purpose will be the elimination Of unrighteous charges that create privation. The wlplng-out prooess might have Its beginning In stopping the sugar trust from further skinning The public In general by constant ad . vanclng The prleeB, thereby Its own fortune en hancing. Wipe out the middleman’s profit, ex cessive; The prloes of food products now are oppressive; Wipe out the business that thrives by extortion; Confine public fees to a fair and just portion. i Wipe out all needless, high-priced llti- j gatlon; Wipe from the statutes all bad legisln- j tlon; Wipe out the porkers whose minds are I all crammed With the unholy thought.—"The public be damned.”' Wipe out every product of dlssatlsfao- i tlon; f Get right at the bottom of every wrong j notion; What a grand world ’twould be If all! this Improvement Could only be made by a ”Wlplng-Out Movement.” G. W. W. HI* .loll. "Well, Judge, what are you doing these days?” ‘‘Breaking up housekeeping.” ~ "Not really?” "Yes—hearing a lot of divorce cases,' you know'.” A Virtue of Necessity. "How does It oome that fat men are always good-natured?” “Too short-winded to run, and too fat to fight 1 guess.’’ DINNER STORIES. t The Prevaricators' Society of BallaVnt and Wooiloomooloo was proceeding in peace and harmony till the snake-story man spoke. "Some people,” he said, “consider the snake hasn't got any sense, but they'iv wrong. For instance, once, when I was in India, I saw a Hindu mother place her year-old baby outside the hut to sun himself, and, to keep ills spirits up, she gave the little chap a big feeding bottle of milk. Well, as I watched 1 saw a snake crawl close up to the child. My heart was in my mouth I feared for the baby. But. bless you, the snake was only after the milk! He just slipped (he nipple out of the child’s mouth and into his own, and then the thoughtful and kindly reptile put the end of his tail into the child's mouth by way of a comforter!" The president of the society arose and handed the laurel which encircled his brow to the snake-story man. Then they passed silently out Into the night. In an Atlantic seaport town there is a wealthy but Illiterate man. who owns many vessels, and follows their cours over the seas by the aid of a large atlas and a ten-horse power magnify ing glaas. "I’ve Just had a letter," he said to a neighbor, "from one of my captains, and he tells me lie’s been In a fearful storm. I’ll read you from his letter what puzzles me. He says: “ ‘Tile waves rose like mountains. We were driven before the wind, to the danger of our lives, and put Into great jeopardy.' “What I want to know." said the shipowner, "is, where is Great Jeop ardy? It must be somewhere in th • Mediterranean, but I can't find it on this map anywhere."