Newark Opening J^tar
TAMES SMITH. JH.
FOl'XUED MARCH I. 1S32.
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VOLIMB LXXXII-NO. IS. ___
THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 16, 1*13.
A JUDGE-MADE GRAND JURY.
JURY reform is au attractive title for a legislative bill, the
text of wliirh may mean everything else but reform. Three
such bills have been introduced in the Legislature and they
do not justify their labels. At nearly all sessions of the Legis
lature for many years attempts were made to destroy the layman
character of the grand jury and make it merely au arm of the
eonrt. This was in line with the policy, so sedulously pursued by
lawyer legislators and now so much in popular disfavor, of giving
undue power to the judiciary in government. At different ses
sions bills were introduced to give judges executive functions
in municipalities altogether foreign to their duties. Chancellor
Magie was compelled to rebuke a legislature for a bit of legisla
lion of that character. The judiciary is a coordinate branch of
ihe government, but it has made itself supreme over the execu
tive and legislative branches, and the power, directly or indi
rectly, to select grand juries would be its most dangerous usur
pation. for it would strike at the very institution that was set
up as a safeguard for the people against the judiciary itself,
when judges were grossly abusing their power. Every attack
upon the rights and liberties of the people comes garbed in the
cloak of reform. The worst abuses of government originated
with the pretense. Rather than have the grand jury subordi
nated to the will of the judge it would be better to discard the
system altogether, as the prosecutor is nearer the public and
more amenable to criticism for wrongful acts than the court,
which can fine and imprison any complainant for contempt,
GOUGING THE AMERICAN CONSUMER.
HOW the foreigner is favored over the American citizen by
the American trust is strikingly shown in a statement
to the ways and means committee by a New York
jewelry dealer. A certain American-made watch movement is
sold in this country for $9.50. and the trnst does not permit any
underselling by the retailers. This same movement is sold by
i he trust in Europe at a price to enable the dealer to sell it
at $8. At Jtbat price the movement can be reshipped to the
United States and sold at less than the trusts’s American price
and at a good profit; but the trust used the tariff to bloek that
game. It got the government to make the watch movement
dutiable. This is only one of the many ways in which organized
greed has preyed upon the American consumer and used the
lariff to make him a helpless victim.
NEWARK AS A CONVENTION CITY.
•* T EWARK should bo the convention city of the State and
PW it would be if it possessed first-class hotel accommoda
<*• 1 tions and a public hall or halls of convention size, cen
irally located. Conventions of various sorts brought 1,924,000
visitors to Chicago last year and they spent $61,000,000 there,
according to the estimates of the Chicago Association of Com
merce. Two hundred conventions this year are already booked.
The money spent was widely distributed in the community and
ijt-nefited all classes. Moreover, the attraction of thousands of
Xisitors to Chicago is a great stimulus to its trade with other
sections, and it brings permanent population and new enter
prises. In the same ways Newark would be benefited if it pos
sessed the conveniences to make it a convention city. As it is
Trenton gets the conventions and the benefits thereof.
SHORT SHRIFT FOR THE COMMERCE COURT.
r didn't need the smirching of the Archbald case to make the
Commerce Court an impossible proposition for the people.
It was long ago known that the object of the court's
creation w>as hostile to the public welfare, and that its judges
were appointed with that object in view. Archbald had been
publicly smirched in Pennsylvania before his appointment, and
he was, nevertheless, made a member of the court, and corrupt
acts that he then committed were concealed by the admiuistra
lion until Congress dragged out the facts. The Senate yester
day gave a short extension of life to this utterly discredited
tribunal, only to get rid of it later, when Mr. Taft, its creator,
is no longer in office to protect it with his veto.
A NEW POSTOFFICE SITE.
THE location of a new postoffice is a question open to dis
cussion and it should be well discussed before a site is
rliosen. Locality intqjpsts are always in full play when
a question like this arises. Every neighborhood in which
business is done and property values may be enhanced wants
the postoffice regardless of the general convenience. That js
natural. No doubt there are property-owners on the meadows
or on the westerly or northerly coniines of Newark who would
subscribe to the policy of a postoffice site in their localities.
But a question of this kind is to be settled right and for the
convenience of the community as a w-hole. and it is serious
enough to engage the best thought of the city. .
ANOMALOUS GOVERNMENT AT OCEAN GROVE.
THE Ocean Grove Cainpuieeting Association, which has lord
ed it so long on the coast and run a private oligarchical
government of its own at Ocean Grove, denying the resi
dents any voice in their local affairs, will have to face another
attack in the Legislature upon their power. The people want a
borough government and petition the Legislature for a charter.
The association overlords say nay. The latter had control of
termer legislatures, hut things have considerably changed at
Trenton this year. And it is time that a republican form of
government was established on every foot of land in New Jersey.
A STATUE TO PHIL KEARNY.
NEW JERSEY should erect a statue of Phil Kearny in the
National Cemetery at Arlington, where the remains of
the hero now repose, and it should be a memorial worthy
of him and of the State w-hich he honored. A joint resolution
■ introduced in the State Senate provides for a $0,000 appropri
ation, which might well be doubled. No second-rate sculptor
should be given the job of delineating New Jersey’s most famous
soldier in action. The artistic abortion in Military Park, which
was fished out of the obscurity of the State House vaults at
Trenton to be set up in Newark, is a warning against that.
U. S. Would
Have All of Us
Government Plans Using the
Lessons Learned in Marine
Corps to Train Citizenry to
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16.—Officers
of the United States Marine Corps
have advanced a scheme for the
efficient training of the men of the
country as men-at-arms, which they
believe will advance the rating of
! this country as a fighting nation. It
!s asserted that the soldiers who com
prise the standing army of the United
States represent a very general class,
because the pay is so low that many
desirable men are not attracted to the
Now the marine corps offers more
inducements. The pay is no better,
but the conditions under which the
men serve are. Their work is more
diversified and they like it better.
The marine corps, upon enlisting a
recruit, puts him through severe mil
itary training. Ho has to learn how
to drill. In addition he has to learn
how to take care of. himself. Per
sonal care is one of the first things
taught tho recruiting marine.
Tlie result of tills Instruction be
came evident when the marines were
landed in Cuba during the recent dis
turbances there, and In Nicaragua
when the republic underwent civic
convulsions. Give a marine a khaki
uniform, two olive drab shirts, two
suits of underwear and a blanket and
he is equipped for a six months' cam
paign. This also has been proven.
Furthermore, he can carry these im
pedimenta in addition to his arms
and several days' rations about with
him without suffering great inconve
nience. Tlie regular army must have
its long, heavy army train with stores
Having brought their brahch of
military service up to a high point
the officers of the marine corps have
started out to improve the citizenry
of the United States and make them
all over into soldiers. This, at first
blush, will appear like the ambition
of a single boll weevil to devour all
of the cotton of the Southern States.
It is, perhaps, new, but the marine
corps men hope that the theory
which they are putting into practise
will be taken up by the regular army
and further backed up by the enact
ment of law.
Their idea is not to reinlist men,
except in rare cases where marked
ability has been shown, and where
circumstances have kept the men
from promotion. In this manner the
best men are advanced, while the left
overs are thrown into the discard. In
a few years the entire force will thus
be made up of tried and efficient men.
But this scheme works both ways.
Those men who have served four
years and are then sent back to civic
pursuits are trained to the ways of
camps and marching and drill. That
training they will never forget, and,
therefore, in time of war they will be
useful. As the years gd on, more
and more of these men who have
served in the marine corps will be
found in various parts of the country.
NEW BILLS TO BE SMALLER
THAN THOSE NOW IN USE
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16.—Secretary
MacVeagh, of the treasury depart
ment, expects to give the order for
printing the new notes to Director
Ralph, of tho bureau of engraving
and printing, about Fbruary 16, al
most at the. end of his administra
tion. It will require eighteen months
to accomplish the change.
Secretary MacVeagh engaged Ken
yon Cox. an artist of New York, to
design the back of the notes, which
will be the same for all denominations
of all classed of noteB—United States
notes, coin certificates and national
Cox has submitted to the secretary
the general features of the design ho
contemplates, and these tentatively
were approved. This design is sym
bolic of progress and peace, showing
the development of the nation in the
lines of labor and commerce. The neiy
currency will be two-thirds the size
of that now in circulation, its dimen
sions being 6x2V4 inches.
DEFECTIVE TEETH MAY
BE CAUSE OF INSANITY
Decayed teeth are a source of pain,
producing irritability, loss of sleep,
incapacity for work, mental back
wardness and, Anally, upon the au
thority of Dr. Upson, in the Pennsyl
vania Medical Journal, who cites an
interesting case in substantiating his
A young man, aged 21 years, was
as % child bright, honest and truthful.
At 16 he went to work, soon after
began to commit robberies, highway
robbery apd other crimes, and was
sent to a reformatory. At home his
actions were peculiar—he was irri
table at times, Aighty and incoherent.
Examinations showed badly impacted
wisdom teeth, with abscesses at roots
of two molars and one incisor. Re
moval of the impacted and abscessed
teeth relieved the symptoms and
Anally effected a cure.
NEW MAP OF THE WORLD
INTELLIGIBLE TO EVERYONE
Publication of the first sheets of the
international map of the world, on the
scale of one in a million, marks the
beginning of a new epoch in cartog
raphy. For the first time we art to
have a map of the world on a uni
form system, In which ail tho sheets
are arranged to fit together along the
margins—uniform in their manner of
reckoning longitudes from the merid
ian of Greenwich; uniform in their
manner of reckoning heights in me
ters above the mean level of the sea.
They will have the same method of
indicating the relief of the land, the
same conventional signs for towns
and roads, the same styles of leer
ing to distinguish between physical
and political features. In a word, the
whole map will be written in the
same language, without difference
even of idiom, and he who learns to
read one sheet may read them ail.
“On Board the
Good Ship Earth”
By Herbert Quick
Getting Food Out of the Atmosphere • j
(Copyright, 18K1, by Herbert Quick.i
THEY say the chemeleon feeds on
air. Well, so do we. And this
calls to mind a true story.
Once there lived on the -good ship
Earth—and still lives for aught I
know—an Englishman named North
Colonel North, "The Nitrate King."
Of all the earth-lteings who have
gained dominion over their fellow
passengers on this great globular
seemed to have
the greatest do- !
minion — greater
than that of
Rockefeller o r
Cecil Rhodes, of
South Africa, or
Clive, the con
queror of Hin
dustan, or the
venturers" of the Hudson’s company.
Greater than the dominion of Genghis
Kahn of Tartary, Attila the Hun,
Alaric the Goth or Genserlc the Van
dal. For it seemed at one time as.if
Colonel North, the "Nitrate King,"
and Ills descendants would be able,
through their ownership of the
nitrate beds of Chili, to make all their I
fellow passengers buy nitrate of
them nntil the beds should be ex
hausted—and then all the passengers
of the good ship Earth—after moving
about from one nitrogen-exhausted
place to another and warring and
wasting and ravaging, as peoples
always do when they move—were to
starve together for lack of nitrates!
What greater deed could a monopo
list hope to achieve than to get hold
of something which God made for ail
nf us—who are all in the same boat,
remember—sell it to us at starvation
prices and lord it over the rest of us;
even though at the last we should use
up tlie supply, and all starve? Truly,
a gigantic and characteristically
The thing the colonel had cornered
was nitrogen for the growth of crops.
What is nitrogen? It la one of the
ten elements of plant food that must
be found by the roots of th«> plants
or they die. And all animal life is
based on plant life—and we passen
gers are animals. So there you are!
Of these ten elemeats, only three or
four are often scarce in the soil
nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and
probably sulphur; and the colonel
had the nitrogen—Or so he thought.
For though 75 per cent, of the air in
which evgry plant grows is nitrogen,
the crops cannot use it. It is "free"
nitrogen, and the crops can’t eat it
unless it is* "fixed"—that is, tied up
with somo other chemical element.
There are 75,000,000 pounds of nitrogen
in the air which rests on every acre
of land; and the crop dies for want
of it unless it is "fixed” or tied up
with something else in chemical
bonds. A soil is in good condition for
crops if it possesses two tons of this
75,000,000 pounds per acre—but how to
Science was in despair. Bui Colonel
North, I suppose, was in» high
feather, for in Chili nitrogen has ac
cumulated in the form of nitrates
in the soil until that dry region is the
great storehouse of the fixed nitrogen
of this great airship Earth in which
we are all passengers, going we know
not where. Sir William Crookes put
on his black cap and gave out the
sentence of science. This was'the
A good soil possesses only from
2,500 to 10,000 pounds of nitrogen per
acre. A good crop takes from this
store from 75 to 400 pounds per acre,
depending on the crop. Call it 75 so as
to scare ourselves as little as possible,
and give every acre 10,000 pounds,
which is twice what we can count
upon, and where are we? Why, we
can seo our way to 134 crops and a
part of another. But there’s Colonel
North with his paper title to the ni
trate parts of the decks of the ship
God gave us all—how about Colonel
North and his nitrate beds? Well,
said science, at the present rate of
shipments, they will last only a few
decades, at prost—some said 30 years,
some 300—because nobody knows just
how much Colonel North had. And
then? Why, then, with that illimit
able sea'of nitrogen about our heads
we shall ail gradually die out of star
vation!* There was no way out of it
—human life is based on plant life,
and plant life on nitrogen, and the
fixed nitrogen supply is approaching
exhaustion. So said science through
Sir William Crookes.
Hut the good farmers of the world
always felt that Sir William was a
bit off. They khew that when they
planted clover, beans, vetch, peanuts,
or any other legumlnoUR—that is. pod
bearing—crop, and plowed it under,
the .soil seemed richer in nitrogen
afterwards. Science said that that
couldn't be. "For," said science, "ail
tho nitrogen the legume gets, it gets
from the soil, and you can't get any
more by plowing back what J'ou've
just taken out! Moreover, the scien
tists “proved” by experiment that
the pod-benrers don’t secrete nitro
gen from the air.
"But,” said the good farmer,
scratching his head, "it IS richer, for
"Nonsense!" said science.
And than tho most wonderful dis
covery of agricultural science con
vinced the wise men that the farmer
was light. Sctence found that on
the roots of these leguminous plants
are little knobs like tiny potatoes,
and in the knobs millions upon mil
lions of little plants called bacteria,
so small as to be invisible to the
naked eye. We used to think they
were disease-galls! Suddenly through
the patient researches of science the
mistakes of science were corrected,
and we were informed that these bac
teria, unlike the big plants, have the
power to take free nitrogen out of
the air to the ground, and fix it so
the other plants can get it!
Science threw up its hat. We
needn't starve for lack of nitrogen!
Colonel North’s descendants can’t
look forward to tho time when tho
other passengers on the good ship
Karth will come crawling on their
bellies, begging nitrates, supplicating
for the privilege of living on board a
w hile longer. We can get our nitro
gen out of the air.
When God started to build a world
He started from the bottom. When
the plants were evolved they had to
be plants which could get nitrogen
from the air, because there was none
in the rocks. The first plants were
one-celled plants which could do this.
When the clover began business tho
bacteria came around and asked the
privilege of building houses in which
to live on the clover roots. "Certain
ly," said the clover. "But you’ve got
to pay rent." “All right,” said the
bacteria. "We’ll furnish the nitrogen
If you’ll look out for the other table
board and the matter of lodging. Is
It a go?" “It's a go!” said the legume.
And they have been partners ever
since, each living on the other, and
all taking nitrogen out of the air for
themselves and other plants.
In the crust of the earth there is
only a trace of nitrogen, and all there
is, ho far as I know, is in the soil.
I suppose that all of it which is in the
soil has been taken from the air by
the bacteria and fungi—Colonel
North's and all the rest. If these
tiny, tiny passengers had not come
aboard millions of years before us
we could never have come into being.
Despise not the day of small things.
The basis of all life is the life which
Is too small to be seen by the micro
I often wonder what we should have
done about North’s monopoly if
Crookes had not been mistaken.
Would the other passengers have rec
ognized his paper title to tho power
to starve them? I wonder! The
courts, of course, would have stood
up for Colonel North.
(See tomorrow’s Evening Star for
announcement of the next article in
1 this great series). ’
WOULD COVER SCHOOLS
WITH IVY; BAN RED PAINT
Chicago School Commissioner
Advocates New Idea.
Climbing ivy and other vines are to
be substituted for red paint on the
Chicago school buildings, if a sug
gestion of William Rothmann, ope of
the members of the Board of Educa
tion, is followed out. An attempt at
renewal of a five-year custom to
paint the buildingB red was vigor
ously opposed by Rothmann, who
succeeded in staying the proposed
action of the board.
“This idea of painting schoolhouses
red every five years Is a bad one,”
said Mr. Rothmann. “The color
strikes you in the face two blocks
away. It makes the babies in the
neighborhood so cross no one can
sleep at night.
“We should plant ivy and other
vines, and the buildings will be cov
ered by nature in a few years. This
will eliminate the cost of painting
and will be more beautiful than any
paint, as well as acting advantage
oussly on the minds of children.”
HIS EXPERIENCE TOLD
They were not an exclusive con
gregation, nevertheless they showeci
signs of rebellion over the appoint
ment of the new usher. ‘‘He is an
excellent young man, no doubt,’’ they
Jtald, "tmt he hasn’t belonged to the
'church very long, and. besides, it
doesn’t seem likely that a young man
who was a street car conductor until
six months ago can be up on church
But that w'as the very point that
the trustees urged in vindication of
their judgment. "We voted him in
because he had been a conductor,”
they said, “we need a man of that
kind to deal with the end-seat hog.
He is a greater nuisance in the
church than In the cars. Early in
the service he plants himself at the
aisle end of a free pew and later
comers who are ushered Into that
pew fall all over him In taking their
places. It takes a man with grit to
make him move along. This former
conductor has the grit, and he has
tact gained from experience. That
' is why we made him usher."
YANKEE COCKTAIL MAKES
HIT WITH TURKISH FOLK
Drink Given Different Names
Everybody in Constantinople ap
pears to be drinking stimulants of
some kind. Tljese are served in
glasses of various sizes and colors
and represent practically all kinds
and degrees of alcoholic beverages.
Strangely enough, the most popular
drink Is the American cocktail, but
it is called by a dozen different
names, such as "Bulgarian sniper,"
"Greek evzoneria, strong,’5 "Servian
plum whiskey, temperate," and
"Montenegrin hot.” These and oth
er fanciful names appear on the lists
of drinks, but the whole collection
is nothing but the American cock
tail in various colors and disguises.
The Turks, Inspired by the promise
of peace, have turned beverage in
ventors, bringing to their work a
sense of humor. Among the "tem
perate” drinks made with lemons,
oranges and mandarins are some
called “Tchatalja grog,” "Stranja
first,” "Sllivri mixture,” “Adrianople
relief” and "On to Sofia.” Experts
assert that they are able to pierce
the disguises of these fluid fillips and
find in them still the American cock
TRAINING OF CHILDREN
MAKES GERMAN HOME IDEAL
As a rule, Gorman children of all
classes are treated as children and
taught the elementary virtue of obe
dience. Das Recht ties Klndes is a
new city with some of the people, but
nevertheless, Germany is one of the
few remaining civilized countries
where the elders still have rights and
An English woman the other day
said that she had never eaten the
wing of a chicken, because when she
was young it was always given to
the older people, and now that she
was old it was saved for the children.
If she lived in Germany she would
still have a chance, provided she kept
away from a small low sat, who in all
matters of education and morality
would like to turn the world upside
FROM THE HICKRVVILLK CLARION.
The bartendey at the Golden Nug
get hit Hod Peters with a cake of
Ice and Hod is goin’ to have him ar
rested for carrying congealed weap
Amos Butts, our gentlemanly and
general undertaker, also livery and
feed and sale* stable, is thinking
some of putting in an automobile
hearse, but what's the use? It would
peem as though that Is one time
whan a feller wouldn’t be in any
~t)ld Man Haskins 1* one of the best
prophets in Hickeyville and environs.
He predicted the long, hard winter
the time the pieplapt froze and he
predicted it almost as soon as he
happened. He has seen Deacon
StubbB's cow rubbliy up agin' the
east side of the com crib and he
says this is a sure sign that we are
either goin' to have a fine, mild,
open-faced winter or a tight one.
He will be able to tell exactly which
about the fust of April or maybe
some time in March. Mr. Haskins
predicted the San Francisco earth
quake twenty-four hour* after it hap
Uncle Ezra Harkins sets a pne cu
store by his false teeth, which he
sent to Chicago fer and in order to
make ’em last long as possible and
not wear ’em out at meal times he
puts ’em in his pocltit, puttin' 'em
in his face agin’ as soon as he has
finished eating. Uncle* Ezra got his
teeth from a mall order house and
he had to bite on a piece of
putty and send the impression of the
interior of his face to the mail order
house by express and the teeth' got
here the next day. They fitted him
purty good, excepting that he can’t
git his mouth shet and there is a
gap about a quarter of an inch. He
is some afraid that he will let cold
wind Into his face during the severe
weather this winter and give him
the lnfluenzy or the newmonia, but
he has decided to run the risk and be
stylish, if it kills him.
(New York Scientist gives statistics
to prove that long flowing whiskers
have almost passed out of existence)
I am the flowing whisker that dec
orates the chin.
They say that I am passe. They tell
me I'm all in.
They say my days are numbered, that
I am of no use
Except to harbor microbes and some
They say I am a relic of ancient by
That 've become an eye-sore, for
sure, in various ways.
But I recall the era when I was quite
And every fellow wore me, regardless
of his age.
Then I was omnipresent. I dangled
in the soup;
I trailed through restaurant butter
and no one cared a whoop.
You were quite pure to see me, no
matter where you went,
And you would find me hanging on
Remember Roscoo Conkling? He
was a friend of mine.
And Grant and Hayes and Garfield?
On them I sure looked fine.
And old Count Leo Tolstoy and Uncle
"Were certainly some famous for
whiskers that they grow.
Upon the classic profile of old Jay
Gould I hung,
I also decorated the face of Brigham
To William Cullen Bryant I clung
with might and main.
You also will remember me hanging
on Jim Blaine.
Longfellow cultivated my friendship
Walt Whitman, he clung to me
throughout this vale of tears.
And old Joaquin Miller braved bliz
zards of the west
With me and never suffered a cold
in throat or chest.
I’ve made the czar of Russia look
somewhat like a man.
Old Leopold of Belgium, he was one
of my clan.
Although these dr ys I’m greeted with
most sarcastic grins.
I've shielded lots of statesmen who
hadn't any chins.
They say I'm in the garbage; they
say I am passe;
That. I have served my purpose and
I have seen my day.
But still, in spite of warnings, it’s
pretty safe to bet,
When Gabriel blows his trumpet, I’ll
be on some men yet.
SOCIAL NOTES ^ancUhe^SUBlJRBSj
On the Kaiserine Auguste Victoria,
duo to dock tomorrow night or 9at
jrday morning, will be Mr. and Mrs.
Sigmund Bergmann, of Berlin, par
ents of Sigmund Bergmann. Jr., tlance
of MIbb Olga Krueger. Mr. Borg
niann’e three sisters and his best man
will also be on board. They are Mrs.
Joseph Pschorr, of Munich; Mrs.
Julius Caspar, of Hanover; Mrs.
Erwin Behrens, of Berlin, and Dr.
Carl Hiehl, of Berlin. They will bo
guests at the Krueger residence.
Miss Olga Krueger will entertain
the members of her bridal party and
a number of other guests at dinner
The Thursday Evening Dancing
Class, which meets at Oraton Hall,
promises to be one of the season's
most attractive features. Among the
interested members are Mr. and Mrs.
Inglls M. Uppercu, Miss Uppercu, Mr.
and Mrs. J. Henry Smith, Mr. and
Mrs. W. H^Smith, Mr. and Mrs. B. M.
Shanley, jr., Mr. and Mrs. 'William
Terhune Plum, Mr. and Mrs. James
Smith, 3d, Mr1? and Mrs. Peter Hauck,
jr.. Miss Irene Farrelly, Miss Georgle
Garrlgan, Miss Madeline Warner,
Miss Olga Krueger, Miss Maryrose
Smith, Miss Melitta Krueger, William
J. Borneman, William Krueger, Fred
erick Davis, Paul Heller, Sigmund
Bergmann, jr., and Walter Coghlan.
Miss Amy Nagle entertained her
card coterie this afternoon at her
home. Bridge whist was played and
tea was served at 4 o’clock.
The Ray Palmer Club will meet at
the home of Mrs. Frank Smith, 150
Belleville avenue, tomorrow after
Miss Margaret Kenny, daughter of
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Kenny, of 46
Second avenue, and Harry S.
Cyphers, of this city, a local news
paper man, were married at 7:30 last
night at the home of the bride’s
parents by the Rev. Robert E. Burke,
of St. Michael’s Roman Catholic
Church. The ceremony was perform
ed beneath a bower of pink and white
roses and ferns. Red carnations pre
vailed in the library, white roses in
the hall and white BWeet peas in the
dining-room. The bride, who was
given in marriage by her father, wore
an empire gown of white charmeus©
made en train and trimmed with
shadow lade, a lace veil made in cap
effect and caught up with lilies of the
valley, and carried a shower bouquet
of bride roses’ and lilies of the val
ley. Her only ornament was a cres
cent of sapphires and pearls, the gift
of the bridegroom. There were no
attendants. The ceremony and re
ception and supper were attended by
only a limited number of guests. The
bridal couple was assisted In receiv
ing by the bride’s parents and sister,
Mrs. Victor V. Cooke; of this city.
Mrs. Kenny wore a black crepe
meteor gown and a corsage bouquet
of violets, and Mrs. Cooke a cloth of
gold over green charmeuse and
corsage bouquet of orchids. After a
trip to Old Point Comfort and Wash
ington, D. C„ Mr. and Mrs. Cyphers
will be at home at Elwood Manor, 115
Washington avenu*. Mrs. Cyphers's
traveling costume consisted of a
taupe broadcloth suit and a taupe hat
trimmed with a French wreath.
Miss Helen Smith, daughter of Mr.
and Mrs, Augustus S. Smith, of 337
Park avenue, and Charles Arnheim,
son of Mrs. Laura Arnheim, of Arl
ington, were married at 3 o’clock yes
terday afternoon at the home of the
bride’s parents. The ceremony was
performed beneath a bower of pink
roses and ferns by the Rev. Dorr
Dlefendorf, pastor of the Roseville
Methodist Church. There were no at
tendants and only the Immediate rela
tives of the couple were present at
the ceremony and the reception arid
bridal breakfast that followed. The
.bride, who was given in marriage by
her father, wore a white silk crepe
gown and carried a shower bouquet
of bride roses and lilies of the valley.
Her Jewel was a pearl ring sur
rounded by diamonds. Mrs. Smith,
mother of the bride, wore black crepe
meteor, and Mrs. Arnheim, mother of
the bridegroom, black charmeuse. Mr.
and Mrs. Arnheim left for a Southern
wedding trip. Upon their return
they will reside at 189 Roseville ave
nue. Mrs. Arnheim wore a black
chiffon cloth traveling costume and
moleskin furs and hat.
The marriage of Miss Elsie Ger
trude Staats, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. George L. Staats, of West End
avenue, and Leslie William Toop, son
of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Toop, of Co
lumbia avenue, was solemnized last
night at the home of the bride’s pa
rents. The ceremony was performed
by the Rev, Henry Hadley, rector of
St. Paul’s Episcopal Church, and the
bride was given in marriage by her
father. She Wore a ’white satin dress,
trimmed with prinresB lace and pearl
ornaments, a tulle veil caught up
with lilies of the valley, and carried
a shower bouquet, bride roses and
lilies of the valley. Her only orna
ment was a diamond broooh, the
gift of the bridegroom. The only at
tendant, Miss Katherine C. Stumpf, of
this city, wore a turctuois blue crepe
meteor gown trimmed with pink satin
roses and browh fur ancf carried pink
roses. Miss Sarah Heilman played
the wedding music. The ceremony
was followed by a reception for rela
tives and Intimate friends. The
bridal party was assisted In receiv
ing by the parents of the bride and
bridegroom. Mrs. Staats wore a coral
satin gown with trimmings of Pa*’»
Rian and cream lace and Mrs. Toop
a navy blue chahneusc with Persian
and cream lace trimmings. Upon
their return from their wedding trip
Mr. and Mrs. Toop will be at home
at 72 Columbia avenue. Mrs. Toop's
traveling costume consisted of a
brown tailored suit and a fur hat.
The fortnightly whist under the
auspices of the Ladies’ Auxiliary of
the Church of the Blessed Sacra
ment was held yesterday afternoon
at the home of Mrs. Hugh F. Gilli
gan, of 88 Van Ness place. The
games were followed by an Informal
tea at which the hostess was assisted
by the president, Mrs. Herman B.
Good: the vice-president, Mrs. Frank
Finlay, and the secretary, Mrs. John
McGuire. Prizes for the highest,
scojes were awarded to Mrs. Thomas
Flavall, Mrs. David Keefe, Mrs.
William H. Barkhorn, Mrs. Edward
F. DufTy, Mrs. John McGuire, Miss
Helen Quinn, Mrs. Francis Kern,
MrB. John Ashworth, Mrs. William
Dwyer. Mrs. Joseph Callaghan, Mrs.
Charles Bowes, Miss Marlon Mahon,
Mrs. Frank Ford, Mrs. William C.
Barkhorn, Mrs. John J. Baker and
WTrs. William Jume.
Covers were laid for twelve at the
dinner given last night by Mr. and
Mrs. E. Martin Phillipi, of High
CHINESE QUEUES NOT SOLD,
BUT BURIED WITH OWNERS
So Wholesale Cutting Will Not
Experts in the human hair trade in
Hongkong say that if buyers of
human hair in the United States ex
pect a great oversupply as a result of
queue cutting in China they are likely
to be disappointed. Instead of an
oversupply, the changes now going
on are cutting oft the chief sources of
supply in China, and there is likely
soon to be a decided falling away.
Contrary to the general impression
in the United States and Europe, the
queues when cut are not* sold. This
is an absolute rule, so far as South
China is concerned, and it is the cus
tom ail over China to secure reliable
data on this subject. The queues
when cut are preserved, according to
general statement, for burial with the
The chief supply has come from
Chinese barber shops, where, in the
course of shaving portions of the
heads of customers, considerable long
hair is accidentally removed. Now
that queues are cut, however, Chinese
barbers have no more long hair to
dispose of than barbers in the United
States. A contraction of the supply
in Hongkong already is apparent,
and but for the hesitancy of Amer
ican and othei1 foreign buyers to meet
the market here the prices for sup
plies locally would have gone up. A*
it is, prices here are remaining firm,
in spite of an indisposition on the
The declared value of human hair
from Hong Kong to the United States
in 1911 was $292,788, as compared with
$695,137 in 1910, $327,559 in 1909 and $92,
300 in 1908. Shipments from the Hong
kong market in 1911 to all countries
were much larger in volume than the
year before, aggregating 1,769,833
pounds in contrast to about 1,21)0,000
pounds in 1910.
A great proportion of the ship
ments, howeyer, was of low-grade
hair, used for various purposes other
than for false hair—for example, a
new hair cloth, mattress filling and
the like. It is doubtful if the total
value of the season’s shipments will
exceed $900,000 in gold as compared
with an aggregate of $1,600,000 a year
ago. There is every indication, how.
ever, that prices will range much
higher for 1912.
Prom many fragments of the archi
tecture of the early ages, and first
allusions to the horse as a domesti
cated animal, it is obvious that noth
ing superfluous in the way of saddlery
and harness was employed, and on
Grecian bass reliefs and friezes horses
are represented as being ridden with
out bit, bridle, saddle or stirrups, the
animals being trained to obey the in
dicatlohs of .the hand and leg, while
the attachments for draft to the
chariots used In war and sport were
of the simplest character. As time
went on, however, superfluous and
Injurious portions of harness were
introduced, the weight of leather and
metal furhlturo increased, and more
attention was paid to appearance
than utility. 'This has continued
down to tho present times.
practiced at the expense
of your family’s future
is worse than extrava
gance. No married man
should think of “econo
mizing” on his Life In
surance. Are you prac
ticing wrong ideas in
Founded by JOHN F. DRYDEN.
Pioneer of Industrial Insurance in America
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