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Newark fretting Star
JAMBS SMITH. JR FOUNDED MARCH 1. 18S*. Published every afternoon, Sundays e*ccpt»d. hr the Newark Dally Advertiser Publishing Company. Entered ae second-class matter. February 4, 1*0*, at the PoatolBoe. Newark. Member of the Associated Press and American Newspaper Publishers Association. MAIN OFFICE.Branford place and Nutria street Phone 6300 Maraet. ORANGE OFFICE. .179 Main street. Orange. Phone 4300 Orange. HARRISON OFFICE . 324 Harrison avenue. Harrison. Rhone 2167-M Harrison. SUMMIT OFFICE_10 Beechwood road. Phone 1049 W Summit. CHICAGO OFFICE. Mailers' Building. . ___ ._. - Av<l NEW YORK OFFICE Northwest corner Twenty-eighth street and Firth Ave. ATT .ANTIC CTTY. . . .The Borland Advertising Agency. BOSTON OFFICE. . . Tremont Building. Mall Subscription Rates (Postage Prepaid Within the Postal Union!* One year. 13.00; six months. $1.50; three months. 75 cents; one month. CBel!vered by carriers In any part of Newark, the Oranges, garrison. Kearny. Montclair. Bloomfield and all neighboring towns. Subscriptions may be sent to the main or branch offices. VOLUME Lmm.-NO. 34. TUESDAY EVENING. FEBRUARY 10. 1914. THE PLEDGE IN THE PLATFORM. MR. BRYAN, in a campaign speech at Harrisburg during the presidential campaign, made the declaration that "a man who violates a party platform is a criminal worse than the man -who embezzles money.” Mr. Bryan helped to frame the Baltimore platform, and it was Mr. Bryan who proposed that part of the Panama canal plank which would exclude railroad-owned ships from the canal. The platform as drawn was read paragraph by paragraph and unanimously adopted in the committee, of which Mr. Bryan was a member, and it was unanimously adopted by the convention. In his speech of acceptance President Wilson said of the plat form: "For us it is a very practical document. We are now about to ask the people of the United States to adopt our platform. We ■re about to ask them to entrust us with office and power and the guidance of their affairs." The people adopted the platform and entrusted the Democratic party with its affairs in order to carry out that platform, which says: "We favor the exemption from tolls of American ships engaged in coastwise trade passing through the Panama canal." What now does Mr. Bryan think of "a man who violates a party platform?" A SEAT FOR EVERY PASSENGER. A REQUIREMENT for trolley companies to provide a seat for every passenger, proposed by the Brackner bill in the Assembly, means that when all seats of a car shall be occupied the company must bar admittance to any more people until seats are vacated. How such a rule would work in Newark may be imagined. The limit of safety is already reached in the number of cars passing the Four Comers, and that point regulates the number for nearly all the lines. In the busy traffic hours the company exceeds the limit. If the company enforced the rule of taking no passengers when the seats were all occupied crowds would be left standing at every corner and thousands of people would wait for an hour or more while filled cars passed by. But they wouldn’t wait. There would be a riot at every stop ping place by crowds of people demanding transportation. Men and women would push their way into cars in spite of the con ductor or the police. The clamor of complaint would fill the city. For every passenger to have a seat would be ideal for our trolley system, but it is utterly impracticable when the conditions are con sidered. The public would not stand for it even though the Public Service should consent. A BUNCOMBE RESOLUTION. TO FULLY carry out the object of the resolution introduced In the House by Mr. Godfrey, of Atlantic, for a committee to make a comprehensive detailed inquiry among the thousands of manu facturing and other labor-employing concerns in New Jersey and even in neighboring States, and also among the labor organiza tions, respecting the number of the unemployed, the effect of the tariff law and other details, the committee to report at this ses sion, involves a job that might well appall any committee. All this work is to be done by correspondence. To prepare for it an army of clerks will have to be employed and an un limited supply of stationery, postage stamps and other necessary articles bought. It may be predicted that not one-half of the inquiries sent out would receive any reply. Of those returned many would need interpreters. And out of the lot the committee would learn practically nothing. Mr. Godfrey’s resolution is a foolish one and looks like buncombe. UNDOING GOOD LEGISLATION. IN EVERY new legislature there are men anxious to undo the good that previous legislatures performed. This class of law makers, or law-breakers, appear in the present Legislature and have various objects. One wants to destroy benefits in the school law. Another would repeal the resident gunners’ license fee and take $60,000 of revenue from the State treasury, while others come prepared with bills to emasculate the fish and game laws and repeal other acts for which legislatures in the past won credit. Nearly all these reactionary bills originate in small towns and the rural sections and are inspired by a narrow, selfish spirit that has no existence in the large centres of population, where the broader and more progressive spirit prevails. BOTH FISH AND BIRD CONSERVATION. FEDERAL PROTECTION for migratory birds is the object of a proposed treaty with England to cover the United States and Canada. If a treaty is effected there will be no question of the legality of the act of Congress for federal game preservation that went into effect last October. But the federal government will not need the power of a treaty to provide for the conservation of migratory fish, and the bills now in Congress for that purpose, if made laws, will be in harmony with game preservation and of greater importance to the American public. HALF WAY TO BOROUGH GOVERNMENT. THE PASSAGE by the Assembly of the bill for borough government for Ocean Grove by a decisive majority transfers the fight on the bill to the Senate. The anomaly of a semi-religious local government for a populous town in New Jersey, with the people under the absolute rule of a few non-residents and with no voice in their affairs, is too much for a Democratic Assembly to ■tolerate. How will a Democratic Senate regard it? A NEW WIRELESS MARVEL. LIGHTING AN electric lamp by wireless six miles away, the latest reported development of wireless by Marconi, opens the way for more important uses of this wonderful agent, such as transmitting power, light and heat. The wonders of science of this age beggar the age of miracles. The supernatural is outdone by the natural. What would the ancient world have thought, in . its ignorance of the hidden forces of nature, of the marvels that L tave become commonplaces of our age? OPINIONS AND VIEWS FROM THE EXCHANGES_ An Overlooked Food Supply. From the Providence Journal. It seems that the “sea mussel movement is part of a practical at tempt of the government to attack the high cost of living by introducing cheap, substantial and hitherto un used foodstuffs into America.” A professor at Clark University, enlist ed by the government, ha9 been j studying tho value of the homely and humble mussel as an article of hu man consumption. He says that these shellfish grow at the rate of from six to eight thousand bushels per acre—a conservative % estimate, apparently. The finding is that ”25 cents’ worth will supply enough food for ten persons,” which Is cheap enough in all conscience. some sKepticai persons, navmg « casual acquaintance with sea mus sels, might make the rejoinder that 25 cents' worth of crow would be enough for more than ten persons. After experiencing the savor and fla vor of a mess of mussels one might sooner share 25 cents’ worth with nine other persons than eat them all himself. However, let us not be un receptive to new truths simply be cause they are new. Time was when lobsters were despised by epicures. We could buy big ones for ten cents apiece. The fish market man never thought of weighing a lobster. If the lobster palacefl of the present day should be made over into sea mus sel palaces the long-neglected mol lusk migrht soon command a price be yond the reach of persons of mod erate means after taking out the In come tax. Mussels have long been a food com modity of some value and relish to dwellers on the coasts of the Old World, but the generally accepted explanation is that these people do not know Narragansett bay oysters or our juicy clam. Americans use them for bait. There is no question of edibility, to be sure, but so little do they appeal to the popular taste that they have not yet invited the concern of the bacteriologists or other pure-food agencies. The findings now surprisingly announced are reached only after exhaustive search for a new. wholesome and Inexpensive food, covering a period of several years. How the movement is to be pushed, in order to overcome long-standing prejudice, is not vet explained. The government may issue a new cook book in which mussels will be featured. If made fashionable for chafing-dish parties, they should soon find a welcome in the frying-pans and ovens of the plain people. The Immigrant. From the Chicago Tribune. To the average American the immi grant Is a problem. The spokesman of this class of citizens, whether oc cupying the chair of sociology in a university or a seat in the House of Representatives, generally takes an extreme view of the alien situation in this country. v^hen an immigration measure Vomer up for consideration he frequently, in a feel in.'* or self protection. as it were, s-n "'*th those who would unreserved!, re strict the foreign Influx. Our alien population without a doubt presents many social and economic problems; but it is only a half knowledge of the immigrant situation in this country that will Incline one to view this situation as a peril. The immigrant Is America’s man of all work, and his destiny is working itself out with the destiny of the. country. Eighty-five per cent, of all the labor in the slaughtering and meat-packing Industrie* 1* done by alien laborers.- They mine seven tenths of our bituminous coal. They do 78 per cent, of the work In all the woolen mills, nine-tenths of all the labor In the cotton mills and make nineteen-twentieths of all the cloth ing. Immigrants manufacture more than half the shoes In the country. Half the collars, cuffs and shirts Is made by them. They turn out four fifths of all the leather output, make half the gloves, four-fifths of our furniture, half the tobacoo and cigars, and nearly all our sugar. In the iron and steel industries immigrants share the greatest risks. How to IJve to Be One Hundred. Maxims of Sir James Sawyer, English Physician. Eight hours’ Bleep every night. Sleep on your right side. Keep your bedroom window open. Have a mat at your bedroom door. Keep your bed away from the wall. No cold bath In the mornintr but a bath at the temperature of the body. Exercise before breakfast. Eat little meat, and be sure that it is well cooked. Drink no milk. (This applies to adults only.) Eat plenty of fat to feed the cells which destroy disease germs. Avoid intoxicants, which destroy the cells that combat disease. Allow no pet animals in your living room.fl for they carry disease germs. Live in the country if you can. Watch the three D’s—drinking water, damp and drains. Have change of occupation. Take frequent and short holidays. Limit your ambition. Keep your temper. Philippine* Not Worth Warship*. From the New York Commercial. It would be cheaper to give the Philippines away than to build ships for the sole purpose of defending them. No one pretends that a very large navy 1r needed for the protec tion of the continental possessions of the United States, and the acqui sition of the Panama canal strip does not add materially to the burden because it will facilitate the move ment of our war vessels from one ocean to the other, w’hich will more than compensate for the additional territory that has to be guarded. It is natural that the man who cap tured Manila takes some pride in see ing the American flag continue to wave over its fortifications, but it is evident that the glory whlbfi he won Is a very expensive luxury for this country. How About i-ioos-eltaring. From the New Haven Journal Courier. It is to be shown that any scheme of profit-sharing can be made to work which does not take into account lean as well as fat years. In principle, if n manufacturer is to make a division with his employees when the income is large, owing to good times, the em ployees ought to share with him in th< distress of bad times. It is quite likely that if labor should voluntarily take that attitude, which is fair, profit-sharing schemes would begin to multiply. Meantime, it is obvious I that the gradual consideration of j profit-sharing schemes is making more and more for industrial peace. They do not exactly revive the intimate re lations of master and man, as they existed in the earlier years, but they do establish a relationship of the moat significant character. Indeed, the United States has developed a new vision, and it is bound to work to the greater contentment of the country. NEW NEWS OF YESTERDAY An Anecdote of a Great Showman’s Business Sagacity The late Arthur Twachtman, who Is slowly but surely gaining posthumous fame as a.n American painter, whose genius was not recognized in his life time except by a few who were of good judgment, had a wide acquaint ance with painters and sculptors and also with musicians. He was fortu nate enough to hear the first perform ance of Wagner’s “Meistersinger” at Munich, and he had at that time made acquaintance either with Thomas Ball or intimate friends of Ball, who related to him many anec dotes about the latter. Ball was a sculptor who lived many years at Florence, Italy, and also spent some months each year at Munich, where Twachtman studied. The bronze equestrian statue of Washington In the Boston Public Garden and the statue of Webster in New York were Ball’s work, but he was perhaps best known as the sculptor who designed and executed the Emancipation group which stood on the Capitol grounds in Washington. Mr. Twachtman for some years was a neighbor of mine, and T often had the pleasure of hearing his anecdotal reminiscences of men who had achieved success in the world of art. He had a very keen sense of humor, and he once narrated the following incident which was either told to him by the sculptor Ball or by one of Mr. Ball’s friends: “In some way ’Tom’ Ball and P. T. Barnum, the great American show man, established an intimate per sonal friendship at the time, when Barnum w as in the height of his ca reer. “That friendship was maintained until Barnum's death. How skilfully the great showman was able to util ize his intimacies with men who had gained high reputation was discovered by Mr. Ball just after Barnum had built his magnificent country home at Bridgeport, Connecticut, which he sailed Tranistan.’ Barnum had often invited the sculptor to visit him ’at Bridgeport and the invitations were sometimes accepted. But when Tran istan’ was completed and furnished Barnum urgently invited Mr. Ball to go to .Bridgeport and spend a few days at this beautiful country home. The day was fixed by Barnum and the Invitation was accepted. When Mr. Ball arrived at the Bridgeport station he found Barnum there awaiting him. The showman led the famous sculptor through the station to a carriage drawn by four brilliant ly caparisoned horses and provided with a coachman and footman in showy livery. “Ball was somewhat astonished at the magnificence of this reception to him, but he unhesitatingly took the seat in the carriage which Barnum pointed out. The showman then seated himself beside the sculptor and the carriage proceeded on its way. “Spfeeedlly Mr. Ball discovered that this carriage was at the head of a procession which consisted of a long string of circus and menagerie car riages or wagons which were gaily painted and In the midst of which was a chariot in which was seated a large brass band which tooted away vigorously. The procession made a parade through all the streets of Bridegport, and the showman in ex planation said to the sculptor that this was the opening day for 'the greatest show on earth.’ “But it was not till the procession disbanded and Ball was enjoying the household hospitalities of Mr. Bar num that he learned that the great showman had caused It to he widely advertised that with him was to ride in the procession the great American sculptor, Thomas Ball. That ex plained to Mr. Ball why so many people on the sidewalk looked at him with curious eyes.” (Copyright.. 1914, by E. J. Edwards. All rights reserved.) TASTE IN NUMERALS Is your business falling off? Try changing your telephone num ber. Perhaps your clients or your customers can't remember It. Per haps they can't say It so It will be understood, says the New York Sun. Certain employees of the New York Telephone Company make the study of numbers a part of their day's work. And It pays both the company | and the client. There are always a few fussy folks who are hard to suit In telephone numbers. They want them made to I their personal order, like their clothes. The company Is only too glad to do this when It Is possible, but mostly It Isn’t. The company has to divide its thousands of clients Into groups, arranging them so as to give the quickest and most nearly accurate service possible to all. In the busy exchanges every girl has to act daily as the medium of a thousand conver sations. If personal fancies dictated the arrangement of the numbers this would be impossible. A few subscribers object to the number "13" In any combination, but not nearly so many ;ls one would ex pect to find Others want their tele phone numbers to be the same as house or office addresses. Of course there is about one chance in a thou tuuul slue* this wu tut ananged. A good many ask for numbers without giving any reason; they simply have "a feeling” that those are good num bers. And the majority of new subscrib ers are wise enough to leave the number itself to the company. The commonest form of request is, “Give me a good number.” Now, a “good” number is one that is easy to remem ber and hard to misunderstand. A number with a repeated figure in it seems to have some advantages, es pecially if the two like figures are separated as in ft64. But such details must always be arranged with the more important general rules. An old, well-known number is a business asset highly valued by most firms. Sometimes a subscriber’s trade will expand so that he keeps adding one, two or three numbers until there are ten or a dozen In his switch board. It is very desirable that these should be in consecutive order at the company’s exchange. Every such row is tied together by a line underneath so that the operator can choose a free wire quickly from the whole group. But in cases where it i3 impossible to place the original number in such line the firm will often retain the first for incoming business and have some for the later ones changed to make a consecutive group. Certain numbers have been held in this way for twenty years or more. They are cherished like the original doorplate or sign put up by tn« founder. Roses in Winter — Roses in winter, needing not The careful florist’s sheltered plot!— Rarest of sights, I hear you say; Yet two are daily seen by me— Two roses that, bewitchingly, Are reddest on the grayest day; As sunsets, when the world around Is whitest, are on the reddest found. Two red, red roses! Come and see Their beauty, and admire, with me! But do not fix on them your eye Lest there be seen commingling hues; Lest they their clear distinctness lose, Like rose-clouds in a rosy sky; But look, and quickly look away, Haply to dream of them some day! Dear roses—may they never fade! That have my winters summers made; The duty that to them I owe Is that most tender of all care Which love—that gives the light and air Oft solely needful—can bestow. How sad their perishing would be From thoughtless negligence in me! —RALPH H. SHAW, in Boston Transcript. Noted Women Whose Birthday Is Yours FEBRUARY 10 Adelina Patti Copyrighted, 1913. BY MARY MARSHALL. February might be called the month of famous singers, for it contains the birthday of more operatic stars than any of the other eleven. And the greatest of all modern sopranos is among them—Adelina Patti, who was born seventy-one years ago in Madrid. It would be hard to find a singer who made her home in more coun tries than did Patti. Queen Isabella, of Spain, and Empress Eugenie, of France, each called her "her dear country-woman,” because of her birth in Madrid. But her parents were natives of Italy, so it is no wonder that that country claims her. But when she was a very small girl her mother and father brought her to America, where she remained for sixteen years and where she received her early training and made her de but. So after all we can’t be blamed for dubbing her an American. But after her fortune was made and a very largo income it was—she went to her princely castle of Craigy Nos in Wales, so the Welshmen have as much right as any one to claim the divine Patti as their own. Patti's earliest recollections were of the trials of her parents on the stage, for they were both singers by pro fession. When she was six years old she dressed up in her mother’s stage costumes and put all her dons m a row for her audience and then danced and sang for them, pausing in her performance just long enough to say “Brave Adelina.” The next year when she was only seven she made her real debut when she sang “Una Voce” in New York. All she hemem bers about that performance was that afterw’ard her father caught her in his arms and her mother kissed her, and a feeling in her child mind that she had retrieved her parents’ for tunes. There was never a singer who re ceived more universal tribute and en couragement from crowned heads than did Patti. In Spain and in France she was showered with royal favors. In Moscow she received five diamond stars and two coffee cups and saucers inlaid with precious stones from the Russian emperor. King Edward VII., when he was Prince of Wales, called her his “old and valued friend, Mme. Patti." But still it was from the common people that Patti received her deepest tribute. During the FYanco-Prusslan war her sister was in Paris, and when a soldier entered her house to con fiscate it he saw a picture of Adelirfa Patti, and for the sake of the great singer he closed the door and went away. p Science Baffled by Divining Rod Do yu believe in rhabdomancy? Have you faith in the practical value of the dousing rod or of the douser himself? Have certain individuals the power to discover water or metals hid den beneath the earth’s surface by the use of a forked witch hazel rod or a willow* twig? A congress of scientists was recent ly held at Halle, Germany, for the sole purpose of testing the efficiency of the divining rod in discovering the exist ence of water under ground or of min eral deposits. Tests conducted under the supervision of the congress result ed in the location of three potash veins, of coal deposits and of water courses. One divining rod expert gave a practical demonstration of what was claimed to be the power of the mys terious rod and of a person operating it by locating a leak in one of the city’s water mains. In this country many instances have been recorded of the pow*er of the douser. One especially notable case is that of James Eastman, who was for many years a passenger con ductor In the employ of the Great Northern railroad. No harder-headed business man exists in the United States than James J. Hill, yet when he was president of the road he thought so well of Eastman’s ability os a finder of water that Eastman was especially detailed to locate wells along the line of the railroad, either w’here the railroad contemplated es tablishing towns or where water was needed by the company for its own use. Up to the early part of this year Eastman had succeeded in locating fifty-two wells along the line of the road. He is the Great Northern’s of ficial water finder. Adolph Hupfel, the brew*er at 161st street and Third avenue, New York, says he has spent $100,000 less for city water for brewery purposes since 1009, w*hen Charles Hallock, a douser from the mountains of Greene county, appeared one day at the brewery and asked permission to try to find water there, agreeing to ask no pay for his services if he was not successful. Ho held in his hands a forked wdtch-hazel twig, and walking back and forth over the grounds where the brewery is located for a time obtained no results. Then suddenly the rod seemed to plunge downward, as If magnetically attracted to some substance in the earth. Mr. Hupfel was sufficiently inter How He Knew. A certain young man's friends thought he was dead, but he was only in a state of coma. When, in ample time to avoid being buried, he showed signs of life, he was asked how it seemed to be dead. “Dead?” he exclaimed, “I wasn't dead. I knew all the time what was going on. And I knew I wasn’t dead, too, because my feet were cold and I was hungry.** “But n*j.. did that fact make you think you were still alive?” asked one of the curious. “Well, this way. I knew that if I were in heaven I wouldn’t be hungry. And if I was in the other place my feet wouldn’ be cold.—Public Ledger. Man’s Wants. Man wants but little here below To bring him peace and happiness— That Is, as long as he can know That his neighbor has a little less. —Judge. 200 Ex-Patients Honor Doctor Who Op erated on Them Successfully. NEW YORK, Feb. 10.—The man who stands over your helpless form with poised knife is not necessarily your enemy. Indeed, he may become your hero. Such is the opinion of two hundred discharged patients who ten dered a dinner last night at Lafayette Hall to Dr. Benjamin T. Tilton, sur geon-in-chlef at St. Mark’s Hospital. Besides, there were three hundred other admirers of the doctor there. During the evening a loving cup was presented to Dr. Tilton by his former patients, at the same time an nouncement was made that an annex to St. Mark’s, to cost $160,000, would be built In Second avenue. Dr. Til ton's former patients ate and ap plauded like well men. < ested to have two wells sunk where the divining rod appeared to indicate the presence of water. In one bore an abundance of clear, sparkling water was found at a depth of 400 feet, and in the other at a depth of 800 feet. Not only has Mr. Hupfl made a sav ing of $100,000 on the cost of city water since that time, but owing to the coldness of the water there has been a large saving in the cost of re frigerating for brewing purposes. Reginald W. Petre, a mining engi neer of Baltimore, relates that in 1889 he and his partner were mini>* on the Mokelumne River, California. The particular mine which they were working had apparently given out, no more ore worth taking out being found. They were on the point of abandoning the property when by chance they met a retired Montana mining man named Charles Thomas, who was skilled in the use of the divining rod. They told him of their belief that the ore body was exhausted, but he asked to see the property. He axam ined the interior of the mine and also the ground near the exterior. Then, taking a willow forked twig, he walked to a spot several hundred feet distant, when tho twig suddenly twisted itself downward in his hands. He indicated that mineral would be found there by diggging. Mr. Petre and his partner sank a shaft and thirty feet below the sur face took out some coarse gold. They then went to a depth of 170 feet and found gold quartz in large abundance. W. W. Barrett, of Arlington, N. J., relates that several years ago he was the guest of a friend in an Oklahoma village. This friend erected a house on a fifty-foot lot before having a well sunk for household purposes. He employed a well digger to sink a bore, but was dismayed when told that there was no water in the immediate neighborhood. Before abandoning the idea of boring a well the host engaged a man in the vicinity w’ho had a repu tation as a douser. With a forked witch hazel twig he walked about the lot. When at the opposite end of the lot from the place where the well bore had been sunk the twig began to twist downward. Belief in this man’s power of divination was strong enough in Mr. Barrett’s host to jus-1 tify him in having a bore sunk at j the point selected by the douser. | Plenty of water was found at a i depth of eighteen feet. One Of During 1913, The Prudential . - -3 . had in its Home State one of tne DcSl the best years in its history Years in all features making for in Its success, increased strength, higher public endorsement History. and' greater public useful ness. Jerseymen know and * believe in i The Prudential FORREST P. DRYDEN, Preairf.at UPLIFT TALKS BY ORISON SWSTT MARDEN. Author of "Pushing to tha Front, ’ Eta Copyright, 1918. PUT NEW BLOOD INTO YOUR BUSINESS A medical journal reports an ex periment upon a very feeble horse twenty-six years old. The blood of four lambs were transfused into the animal and he immediately showed marked signs of new life and vigor and seemed much younger. The younger, more vigorous corpuscles of the lambs rejuvenated the old horse and imparted a new vital force. There are business houses which have become feeble from loss of the old time vigor and vitality, sometimes because the proprietors have gotten along in years or because they have made their money and are inclined to take things easy. But whatever the reason of a declining vitality in busi ness, if it is resuscitated and reju venated with new blood, with new vitality, if it is not reinvigorated in some way, dry rot will set in and it will gradually peter out. 1 have in mind a proprietor who has been running his business on the same old plan, on the same old ideas as his grandfather used. More pro gressive young men have moved to his town and have started the same line of business, and although he sees his customers gradually sltnnlng away from him he says that what his com petitors are doing doesn’t interest him. He Is never looking to see what others in the same line of business are doing, what new methods,, new Ideas they are adopting. The result is that ho is helplessly in a rut and his business is gradually dropping off. A business must be fed just as much as an individual, and it must be fed on new food, it must be fed on new ideas. The progressive man keeps in touch with his competitors. The junior member of a firm re cently established was asked by an old business man how they managed to get their store so quickly into line. so fully equipped, and in such excel lent working order. The young 'man replied that he had been “on the road” for some time, had visited food fairs and model stores in differ ent sections of the country and that the firm has put into practise the points he had gained while traveling. , He then confided to him some en tirely new and attractive features which they were about to introduce as the result of his observations while "on the road.” When a man says to himself: “Now I can breathe more freely, I can let up a little, I have a field, I am head and shoulders ahead of my competi tors and I can afford to take things easy," he is in danger. ^ Overconfidence is the first sign of a decline, the first symptoms of de- k terioration. We do our best work 1 when we are struggling for our posi tion, when we are trying with all our might to gain our ambition, to at tain that which the heart longs for. Ambition is the very mainspring of efficiency, for without it there is no motive for the necessary effort to achieve. It is possible to ruin the finest ambition in a short time. The enemies of ambition are always at , work, discouragement, fear, worry, * laziness, the temptation to take things easy, to slide along the line of least resistance, the feeling of satisfaction in one’s achievements—all these things, if not constantly watched and guarded against will gradually under mine the ambition. This is true of the teacher, the preacher, the merchant and the spe cialist in every line. If they do not keep up with the times, if they do not keep in the very van of progress, al ways on the lookout for the new' and the progressive, they quickly become back numbers. The new, the up-to date, everywhere is crowding out the old fogy. CENTRE OF ANCIENT ROME Prof. Bonl’s discovery of the "mundus” or centro of the ancient city of Rome, Is only now beginning to be generally known, says the New York Sun. There were some difficult natural obstacles to be overcome in the course of the excavation. The "mundus,” a pit in which the instruments used in founding Rome were deposited, was reached after a close examination of *the geological structure by the sinking of a shaft. The site, which is at the northwest angle of the vast impluvium in the atrium of the Palace of Domitian. was entirely covered by the solid foundation of a second century build ing. The Romans themselves lost the site of what was once the most sacred of sacred spots, and apparently Augustus made unsuccessful efforts to find it. Prof. Bonl laid bare the shaft filled with the debris of the Augustan era, which was probably sunk in the explorations carried on by order of the emperor. Prof. Boni's report has not yet been prepared. Meanwhile, archaeolo gists are recalling that the references to “lapis manalls" and "sulcus priml genius" and the phrase "mundus Patet’ in the writings of Cato, Varro, Plutarch and others are now unex pectedly illuminated by the outcome of Prof. Boni’s patient work for fif teen years, which has laid bare much that seemed to have been hidden for ever. The “mundus” was sacred to Pluto and Persephone, and was venerated until the fall of the republic as the centre of the furrow which traced the ritual boundary of the primitive city. It was the innermost shrine of the ancient religion of Rome. The “lapis manalls” is a square,, rough-hewn slab of tufa, one of the kinds of stone used in the construc tion of Rome, pierced with two round holes. Prof. Boni appears to have braved the “terrible shades,” which r> legend says guarded the “lapis mana lis,” and he found the vaulted granary and favissae below the granary. The favissae, excavated forty feet deep in the tufa below the clay in the summjt of the Palatine hill, guarded the sacred seed for the primitive Romulean race. The “lapis manalls” concealed the most ancient mysteries of the “mun lus," whence germinated and spread forth the fundamental energies of the Roman people, mysteries more ancient than the Roman race itself. i ODDITIES IN TODAY'S NEWS [ Pay Unshackled and Unguarded Convicts for Road Work. AUSTIN, Tex., Feb. 10.—Fifty con victs will be put to work on the roads of Smith county this spring, un shackled and unguarded, and will be paid $15 a month for their work, it was decided on yesterday by Gover- j nor Colquitt and T. S. Sikes, Smith ; county road commissioner, to test the ; governor’s faith in the honor system for prisoners. • Half of the $15 to be paid by the State will go to the peni tentiary and half to the convicts. If the experiment is successful the re form will be broadened. Burglar Got Expert Knowledge of Safe Breaking in Library. BOSTON, Feb. 10.—An expert knowledge of safes and the use of ex plosives was obtained by August Kaufman, convicted of burglary yes terday, from books in the public library. Officers testified that Kaufman told them of his study of safe-blowing ana said he operated alone because th* work was too dangerous for con federates. Woman Wears Creased Trousers with Overskirt Slit in Front. LONDON, Feb. 10.—A woman wear ing trousers of a masculine cut with an overcoat slit in front which al lowed the freest movement of the legs appeared in Hyde Park yesterday and drew the surprised gaze of a few pedestrians, wrho noticed that the garment was perfectly creased and turned up at the bottom, displaying colored stockings. The woman re frained from going into the streets, where she w’ould undoubtedly have been mobbed. Ability to Walk Restored to Girl After Curious Bream. NEW YORK, Feb. 10.—“It was the answering message of God to our fervent prayers,” was the way Mr. and Mrs. James A. Scott, of 43 Pun tine street, Jamaica, referred yester day to the restoration to health of their daughter Helen, who had been unable to use her legs for two years. Helen walks from her home to the Jamaica Traning School, and 1$ taking an active part in outdoor sports. She has surprised her mother and father by expressing a desire to join a dancing class, so that she may learn the new' steps in time for the annual spring dance given bv the students of the school. The girl says she became aware of the cure in a vivid dream in which she saw herself throw away her crutches. She awoke to find herself standing unsupported in the centre of the room and could recollect dis tinctly having walked through sev eral rooms of the house. Mayor Does Washing: to Show He's far Women Suffrage. SAN BERNARDINO, Cal., Ffib. 10. • —"I am for equal suffrage, and if you -» do not believe it come to my house any Monday and watch me do the family washing,” said Mayor Joe Catick yesterday. The mayor recently stated that mothers and daughters who neglect their homes and spend their time talk ing politics should be prosecuted for contributing to the delinquency of minor children. This remark was resented by the women, but the mayor stated that it was directed specifically against the delinquents, and was not meant as an attack on woman suffrage. So, to set an example to the women, he has in vited everybody to watch him do the family washing every Monday morn ing. The Harsh Judge. A Judge was recently at a private dinner defending a harsh sentence. "I believe,he said, "that it is bet ter for law and order that sentences should err on the side of harshness *jt rather than on the side of lenity. "Look at nature, the great judge of us ail. Was there ever a harsher, severer judge, than nature, who sen tences each and every one of us to hard labor for life?”—Exchange.